Qualitative Research Data Analysis by nrt87341

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									Qualitative Research Data Analysis



        Mary Jean Ronan Herzog
        Ann Alexander
        Western Carolina University
        Educational Leadership & Foundations
        Scholarship of Teaching and Learning Day
        Waynesville Country Club
        February 21, 2009
        mherzog@wcu.edu
        aalexander@wcu.edu
The Qualitative Research Continuum

     Reductive ………………….. Holisitic
     Structured ………………….Intuitive
Types of Qualitative Data
 Form of Data Collection              Type of Data
 Interviews, focus groups,      Transcriptions of open-
  and questionnaires              ended interviews or
                                  questions

   Observations                 Fieldnotes and drawings

   Documents, portfolios,       Notes about documents
                                  or scanned documents
    journals
                                 Pictures, photographs,
   Audiovisual materials         videotapes, objects,
                                  sounds
Step 1: Collect Good Data


   Tape record and transcribe interviews
   Take fieldnotes during interviews and
    observations
   Fieldnotes include both observations and
    impressions
   Take or draw pictures during observations
   Keep a journal and/or log during the research
    study.
Levels of Analysis


   Whole – Parts – Whole
     Data Reduction
     Data Synthesis
     Data Display
     Conclusion Drawing/Verification
   Case Analysis
   Cross Case Analysis
Analysis is an Iterative Process

That occurs

   During data collection process

   Immediately after an interview or site visit

   Simultaneously

   Continues till the end of the project
Constant Comparison Method

Recursive process of:
 Comprehension
 Interpretation
 Deconstruction
 Synthesis
Basic Steps in Analysis

   Read and reread raw data
   Listen and listen again to the interviews, videos,
    etc.
   Watch and watch again the videos, photos,
    documents, etc.
Open Coding

Naturalistic
Ask: What Jumps Out at You?

Look/listen for

    Issues
    Recurring     events
    Repetition
    Significant   statements
Manual Analysis

   Write margin notes
   Write memos
   Cut text into individual segments
   Color code
   Sort into discreet units
   Group commonalities (within and across cases)
Intuitive Dimensions

Develop:
   Hunches
   Hypotheses
   Codes
   Categories
   Conclusions
   Summaries
Qualitative Findings

   Themes
   Patterns
   Concepts
   Insights
   Understandings
Accuracy of Findings

   Referential Adequacy
   Triangulation
   Member checking
   External audit
Representing Findings

   Text
   Direct quotes
   Comparison table or matrix
   Hierarchical tree diagram
   Figures and flowcharts
   Maps

								
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