Rbtdldl Robots and elderly care by oxp14855

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									Robots d ld l
R b t and elderly care
 hil    hi l      ti      d   th d
philosophical questions and method




                           g
            Mark Coeckelbergh
               (University of Twente)

    p          g                      gy
  Expert meeting on Assistive Technology & Robotics
             Brussels, October 20, 2008
    p
the problem
             the problem
motivations for using robots in care for the
      y
elderly
– demographical and financial: more senior
  European citizens > pressure on elderly care
  systems
– technology driven: legitimation of further
  robotics research
     li
– policy
            the problem
what kind of elderly care do we want in
    near-
the near-future?
are robots best means?
elderly care: goals and concerns
 concepts
 – quality of life
   well-
 – well-being
 – autonomy / independence
 – privacy
 – political and social participation, inclusion?
 – entertainment?
 – companionship?
      y
elderly: who are we
         g
   talking about?
seniors: who are we talking about?
 dependent people > need assistance
             autonomy
 value their autonomy, independence
 citizens (active, participation) versus
 consumers (        i )
             (passive)
 2020: not the same seniors as 50 years
 ago > diferent needs, expectations, lives
   they re
 – they’re used to ICT !
 – general: used to technology, technology is
      t f their lives
   part of th i li
           personal robots
not j                 f daily lif
     just care, part of d il life
     g
all ages
home
– entertainment
– (healh) care
  f i d hi      l ti   hi      ?
– friendship, relationship, sex?
– companionship
example: pet robots
need not be humanoid ! > some
examples
                PARO
baby seal robot
         relaxation,
therapy: relaxation
communication
patients – caregivers
(intermediary role)
commercialized 2004
      recognition
voice recognition,
learning behaviour
      El-
      El-E (assistive robot)
picks up objects
                 HAL
Hybrid Assisitve Limb:
exoskeleton robot
detects weak electrical
impulses from muscles
can help elderly people walk
http://www.youtube.com/wa
tch?v=ynL8BCXih8U
                  g
assistive technologies
        [plural]
      assistive technology
not just robots > robots are part of a
   g                       g
range of assistive technologies that can be
used to assist elderly people
           technology
– ambient technology, smart homes
– telemedicine
– entertainment?
      p         p
– compansionship?
– e-government
method
   philosophical tools: ethics
ethical i i l (
  hical                b f      i     ld l
ethi l principles (see before: aims elderly
care)
broader ethical question: the good life
– human good living: differences between
  young and elderly people?
– take differences into account, cultural +
  individual
– but: many needs and goals are shared among
  young and older persons (e.g. Aristotle:
  friendship)
           p)
– problem: no agreement about good life…
   philosophical tools: other

                     (e g
political philosophy (e.g. participative
democracy?)
hermeutics: interpretation of meaning
h        ti    i t    t ti    f       i
robots for existence and culture
phenomenology: how does robot appear
to me?
anthropology: robots teach us something
about who/what we are
what robot does to us
  (humans!) versus
the ‘mind’ of the robot
(classical AI: how can we create
        intelligent entities)
empirically informed philosophy
           human-
studies of human-robot interaction
 – existing exploratory studies about the use of robots in
   elderly care
                                    robots,        robots,
 – put in broader context: personal robots social robots
   ‘relational artifacts’ (Turkle)
                 y
studies of elderly care
 – what are the needs of elderly people now?
 – institutional context
      li      di
 – policy studies
scenario studies
 – future elderly care
psychological studies (individual differences)
                        differences
anthropology (cultural differences, studies of
concrete practices)
               the future
technological changes: new robots
social and cultural changes
moral changes (remote future)
– but even in 2020 the public view of robots
  could change…
– this influence acceptance robots, goals for
             y         ,   y    y
  which they are used, they way robots are
  experienced etc.
  role of policy/government
national governments, EU, …: influences
                 g               g
technoloical change + social change
philosophical problems:
  liberalism: public / private
– lib li        bli      i t
– paternalism?
economy / choices
             our research
ethical implications of living with personal
robots
– carebots (PhD project Aimee van
  Wynsberghe) and other
  robots/practices/contexts
   obots/p act ces/co te ts
– ethics: understood in terms of the good life
political/social philosophy
phil. anthropology: who/what are we?
                    human-
based on studies human-robot interaction:
                    pp      p
how does robot appear to person?
cultural difference, personal identity
               conclusion
    bl    h ki d f         d         ?
problem: what kind of care do we want?
              p
for whom? computer literates
method
– care about what robot does to humans <>
  the mind of the robot
                      (e g
– philosophical tools (e.g. good life ethics) and
  empirical studies
                                      good
adapt policies: what kind of elderly ‘good
life’ do we create? (consumers versus
citizens)

								
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