July 14, 2008 Bull Running Injuries
Five people were injured on the sixth day of the running of the bulls in
Pamplona in northern Spain, bringing to 33 the total injured in the annual festival,
News in Brief
Active Lifestyle Pope to Apologize for
Church’s Sex Scandals
May Prevent Cancer
Pope Benedict XVI says he will apologize for sexual abuse
scandals that have rocked the Catholic Church in Australia, as
he heads to Sydney.
Speaking to reporters at a news conference on the plane
taking him to Australia, the Pope said, “It is essential for the
Church to reconcile, to prevent, to help and to see guilt in this
problem,” Reuters quoted him as saying on Saturday, Presstv
“It must be clear ... that being a real priest is
incompatible with this (sexual abuse) because
priests are in the service of our Lord.”
Broken Rites, which represents abuse victims
in Australia, has a list of 107 convictions for
church abuse, but says the real number of cases is
far greater as only a few go to court.
Abuse victims have said they will hold protest rallies during
The Pope’s visit--his ninth outside Italy--has created con-
troversy with demonstrators vowing to protest against the
Church’s stand on homosexuality and birth control.
Coral Reefs Face Extinction
A third of the world’s coral species are threatened with ex-
tinction, according to an international study that revealed
rapid and alarming deterioration in the state of coral reefs
over the past 10 years.
Many will have disappeared by the end of the century unless
global warming, pollution and over-fishing are curbed, warned
scientists in the most damning and definitive as-
sessment on tropical corals yet delivered, the In-
Coral reefs, the only living structures that
can be seen from space, are often compared
with tropical rainforests for the diversity and
wealth of wildlife and plants that live in and
Their loss could also threaten the 25 percent of marine spe-
cies that need them for survival, as well as endangering the
livelihoods of the estimated 200 million people who rely on
them either for food or as a source of income.
An international team of scientists found that 231 of the 704
Elderly men exercising in a Tehran park. reef-building corals the study was able to assess were in such
a poor state that they had fallen into the three most-threatened
hysically active people are less likely than sedentary types to de- spent sitting, walking, standing, sleeping and exercising. categories of species.
velop cancer, a research group led by the Japanese health ministry “Our research looked at overall physical activity that people take part
announced. in daily, and not just exercise that people take part in for leisure or fit-
Men in the most active group of people surveyed had 13 percent less
risk of developing cancer compared with the least active group, and
ness,” said Inoue.
The trend was most noticeable among Japanese women, who were less
Picnics Banned in Rome
women in the most active group had a 16 percent lower risk than their likely to develop cancer if they were engaging in regular exercise and led The city of Rome on Saturday began a ban on picnics in areas
sedentary counterparts. an active lifestyle. surrounding its numerous historic monuments in an effort to
“There has been a lot of research done in the past on the relationship The results of the study also showed the trend to be prevalent for colon, prevent degradation of the so-called “eternal” city.
between leisure and development of cancer in the west,” said Dr. Manami liver and pancreas cancer risks for men and the development of stomach The new laws ushered in by the municipality include bans
Inoue, section chief of the National Cancer Centre, Reuters reported. cancer among women. on drinking, eating, as well as shouting and sleeping near the
“However, our research is the first in Japan of its size and scope--we The study, conducted by the Japan Public Heath Centre was first of city’s famed historic sites and ruins, the daily Il Messaggero
looked at overall exercise and labor, which is not only related to leisure.” its kind to survey a non-western population for clues on the causes of reported.
According to the study, published in the American Journal of Epidemi- cancer. Those caught by authorities in these acts can
ology, researchers surveyed around 80,000 men and women between the Inoue said: “There are a lot of physical differences between Asians and be fined 50 euros ($80), it said.
ages 45 to 74 living in nine Japanese prefectures. our western counterparts. Asians are usually leaner, with a lower BMI The Italian capital’s historic monuments,
The surveyed population was divided into four groups according (Body Mass Index). Many contributing factors for cancer have been sug- which draw millions of tourists every year, are
to their ratio of individual working metabolic rate, or MET (metabolic gested ... our research showed that lack of general physical activity is one often littered with garbage at the end of the
equivalent), which was determined by the amount of time respondents of such reasons.” weekend. The city’s new mayor, Gianni Ale-
manno, was elected April 28, taking the mayoral
office out of left-wing control for the first time
in 15 years.
The municipality has underscored that cities includ-
Russia Facing Disease, Drought From Warming ing Florence and Venice, which are governed by the left,
have already implemented such laws. Rome has set aside
600,000 euros (more than $950,000) to cover the extra
Russia faces an increase in disease, drought and damage to infrastructure because Since coming to power last month, President Dmitry Medvedev has ordered hours municipal police will have to work to enforce these
of climate change, the environmental group WWF said, urging the authorities to measures to reduce by 40 percent the amount of energy Russia uses per unit of laws.
“take a lead” on the issue. gross domestic product by 2020.
“We’re very worried.... We have to act in time. Some regions of Russia need But the subject is still not part of general public debate in a country that benefits
urgent attention,” Alexei Kokorin, a WWF researcher and one of the authors of from high energy prices and whose economy has boomed in the past few years, Quarter of Chinese Adults Obese
the report, said at a press conference in Moscow presenting a new study, AFP re- improving the livelihoods of many.
ported. The report warned warmer weather in spring was causing higher incidences of Declining physical activity and a shift towards a western diet
Drawing attention to an issue that is only beginning to be discussed in Russia, encephalitis, malaria and the West Nile virus in parts of this vast country. are driving up obesity rates in China, with more than 25 per-
WWF said the authorities should press to reduce global emissions and adopt a Global warming and unpredictable weather also risked causing floods and cent of adults now considered overweight or obese, a study
strategy for dealing with the effects of climate change. droughts in southern regions, it added. warned.
“We must understand that damage caused by climate change is here and now The report went on to say that melting Arctic permafrost was already damaging Researchers writing in the July/August issue of the journal
rather than a problem in the distant future.... There’s a lot at stake, including our buildings and roads and could impact on energy infrastructure, as well as affect the Health Affairs predicted these rates would double by 2028 un-
health,” said Igor Chestin, head of WWF Russia. livelihoods of native populations. less the Chinese government took action -- with the rest of the
developing world likely to follow suit.
“What’s happening in China should be seen as a marker for
UK Pledges Urgent Action on Knife Crime what is going to hit the rest of the developing
world if we fail to act,” said study author Bar-
ry Popkin, a professor of nutrition at the Caro-
Gordon Brown has pledged the government will take immediate action to tackle The government’s youth crime plan will also be published next week outlining lina Population Center at the University of North
the scourge of knife crime, in the wake of four stabbing deaths in one day in new enforcement measures and improvements to sentencing, and ways of pre- Carolina, AFP reported.
London. venting crimes, including “tough parenting” programs in hotspot areas. “We need to find the right investments and reg-
The prime minister said new measures would be announced on Monday by The prime minister’s comments were echoed by Britain’s most senior police ulations to encourage people to adopt a healthy
Home Secretary Jacqui Smith, reported the Times. officer, Sir Ian Blair, who said his officers were doing everything possible to get lifestyle, or we risk facing higher rates of death,
Brown said: “The terrible stabbings that have occurred this week are shocking knives off the streets. disease and disability, and the related costs.”
and tragic, and my thoughts are with the families and friends of those who have Last week it was announced combating knife crime had become the Met’s top Deaths from diseases linked to poor diet, including coronary
been hurt or killed in these attacks.” priority, ahead of terrorism, and a new 75-strong unit had been set up dedicated heart disease and cancer, have increased from 48 percent in
A fifth man stabbed in London on Friday remains in a critical condition in to tackle it. 1985 to 61.8 percent today in urban areas, and from 34.5 per-
hospital. Outside of the capital police are investigating the murder of a man in Sir Ian, head of Scotland Yard, said: “I want to reassure the public that the Met cent to almost 46 percent in rural areas.
his 20s in West Bromwich. is doing everything possible both in terms of thoroughly investigating each case The researchers blame changes in the Chinese diet, to in-
Brown said: “I know the police are doing everything in their power to bring and in continuing to carry out proactive operations to get knives off the streets. clude more eggs and meat and fewer vegetables and carbohy-
those responsible to justice. I have asked to be kept updated on any develop- “The dreadful loss of life in just 24 hours graphically illustrates the need for drates, and a shift away from physically demanding jobs such
ments. everyone to pull together to put an end to this unacceptable violence.” as farming to more sedentary, service-sector work.
“I thank the police for their efforts, and urge people to give them any help they Among those killed in 24 hours was the 20th teenager to die violently in Lon- The study also notes the increase in television and car own-
can. We will continue to make absolutely clear that carrying a knife is unaccept- don this year , who was today named as 18 -year-old Melvyn Bryan, from Peck- ership, signaling a more sedentary lifestyle.
able in our society.” ham, south London.