Chairman's Summary and Conclusion Of the Follow up meeting

Document Sample
Chairman's Summary and Conclusion Of the Follow up meeting Powered By Docstoc
					UNCCD                                                        Ministry of
                                                             Irrigation
                                                             Syria




                      Chairman’s Summary and
                            Conclusion
                               Of the
Follow up meeting for TPN 4 on the establishment of an information and
            knowledge management structure for TPN 4

                Held at the UNCCD Secretariat Headquarters
                              Bonn, Germany
                             5 – 7 March 2003

TABLE OF CONTENTS



  A.    Proceedings
  B.    Summary of Discussions
  C.    Conclusions

ANNEXES

        1.   Agenda of the meeting
        2.   List of Participants
        3.   Outline of the TPN 4 website
        4.   Presentations made during the workshop
   A.      Proceedings

The follow up meeting for TPN 4 on the establishment of an information and knowledge
management for TPN 4 was held in Bonn, Germany at the Headquarters of the UNCCD Secretariat
5 – 7 March, 2003. The participants thanked the UNCCD Secretariat and the Global Mechanism
for facilitating the meeting. In order to cost effectively pursue TPN 4 activities, it was agreed that
the meeting should be attended by the TPN 4 task manager, representatives from the lead
countries, the advisory board, and interested development partners, including a regional
representative of the civil society, and interested German scientific institutions.

In his welcome address Mr. Karim, head of the Asia facilitation unit thanked all participants for
making the effort to prepare for and actively participate in the meeting. Mr. Karim introduced the
rationale of the TPN 4 structure, the working groups that constitute the nucleus of TPN 4, and the
overall organizational structure of the network. He stressed the need for elaborating project ideas
for subsequent implementation within the working groups as a means to provide stimulus to the
overall information exchange within TPN 4. He also informed the meeting that project ideas for
implementation by TPN 4 could be submitted to the Ministerial Conference to be held in Abu
Dhabi 4 – 8 May, 2003 in order to provide an incentive for working groups to initiate their work.

The TPN 4 task manager in his statement emphasized the importance of water resources
management in the combat against desertification and therefore the overall emphasis that should be
given to TPN 4 implementation. Mr. Jamalddin presented the process and the development stages
of TPN 4 and stressed that the aim of this meeting was to identify the content, the scope and the
operational modalities of the TPN 4 website. The meeting was then declared open

The participants of the meeting elected Mr. Ali Adwan, from Jordan as Chairman of the meeting.
The Secretariat was entrusted with writing the report of the meeting, including the proceedings and
the subsequent conclusions of the workshop. The participants under the Chairmanship of Mr.
Adwan adopted the tentative programme of work.

Presentations from the following participants were made:
   1.      TPN 4 task manager: general introduction to TPN 4
   2.      ICARDA: draft Website
   3.      Tajikistan
   4.      Jordan
   5.      India
   6.      CENESTA
   7.      The Philippines
   8.      ACSAD
   9.      TPN 5 task manager

The presentations are attached in the annex of this document
B.     Summary of Discussions

General comments:

The participants stressed that water resources management techniques disseminated and promoted
through TPN 4 should be used to improve the severe food security situation in the Asia region and
help alleviate the severe water shortages experienced by many of its countries. Information
exchange is needed in order to pool the existing expertise within Asia and facilitate cooperation at
the regional level. The Website should also be used as a gate to attract and integrate the
technological knowledge accumulated outside the region, thus assisting in the formulation of
partnership agreements.

The prevailing water crisis in the region and the fact that agriculture is the main freshwater
consumer calls for accelerated action. It was stressed that water saving techniques in the
agricultural sector could contribute to a considerable decrease of water consumption and thus
could help to decrease the impact of water shortages in the region.

The importance of traditional knowledge and involvement of the local population in water
resources management was also emphasized. Participants agreed that the integration of
stakeholders and the application of traditional techniques in many rural and marginalized areas
constitute viable options for sustainable development and could subsequently improve the living
standards of the rural poor.

The importance of shared water resources was recognized during the meeting and the necessity of
cooperation among the countries in managing these resources.

(i) In relation to the scope of the Website

The participants emphasized that the existing information resources and structure in concerned
TPN 4 countries need to be assessed and established, where necessary, so that sufficient feedback
can be provided to the information platform. Likewise, it was emphasized that processes and
mechanisms whereby information is being channelled and utilized at the national level should be
devised in order to ensure the participation of all stakeholders, including the the civil society.

Priorities need to be established that define what the website should achieve. The participants felt
that the website should be established in phases i.e. starting with a simple but effective structure
which then can be upgraded upon demand. Existing information structures such as training
programmes, or discussion fora available on the Internet should be used through Hyperlinks rather
than creating new ones. This would enhance the visibility of TPN 4 and foster complementarities
among international initiatives.

(ii) In relation to the content of the Website

It was stressed during the meeting that the prime objective of TPN 4 is to facilitate information
sharing within the region. Databases pertaining to water resources management that already exist
should be used and linked through hyperlinks to the TPN 4 network. This again would avoid
duplication of efforts. The TPN 4 website should be linked with the UNEP.net website and also
with its BSGN (best practices and success stories global network) that has considerable
information pertaining to water resources management.
Likewise, the ACSAD.org website could provide relevant information to the network through
hyperlinks. The representatives of the University of Bonn and the university of Potsdam also
agreed to channel scientific information pertaining to the working groups to the network.

Likewise, the representative of ICARDA mentioned that their publications area already available
online. The database which has an in-built search function could be hyperlinked to the TPN 4
network.

The GM stated that it was agreeable to establish a hyperlink from TPN 4 to the GM’s online
Financial Information Engine on Land degradation (FIELD) to facilitate the identification of
potential sources of financing for TPN 4 activities. It was also pointed out that the search engine of
the FIELD database could be enhanced to support key word searches that relate to the topics of the
thematic working groups.

Presentations by the lead countries demonstrated that best practices could be shared between
countries of the region. It was suggested that each lead country would spearhead the collecting of
best practices by submitting as many best practices as possible on their experience to the network.

Linkages with other action programmes (NAPs and SRAPs) need to be taken into consideration.
UNCCD national reports provide a lot of information with regard to statistical data that could be
used for the formulation of country profiles. The same applies to National Action Programmes for
those countries that have already completed this exercise. It was noted that general statistical data
on country Parties would be useful for all TPNs. Consequently, it was suggested that these
statistics such as country profiles could be made available at the website of the Regional Action
Programme under which the TPN 4 website would be hosted. The Secretariat was requested to
inform the TPN task managers of TPN 1,2,3 on this proposal and seek their advice.

With regard to linking the TPN 4 website and activities to other TPNs, it was deemed useful that
the TPN 5 task manager was invited to the TPN 4 meeting.

(iii) In relation to the operational modality

The need to clarify the responsibilities of the TPN 4 task manger and the lead countries was raised
during the meeting. It was agreed that in principle TPN 4 country Parties participating in the
various working groups would be responsible to channel the requested information via the lead
country to the TPN 4 task manager. The lead countries would liaise with the TPN 4 country Parties
in their group with regard to the information flow necessary to keep the network alive. The TPN 4
task manager would liaise with ICARDA on the web design and implementation of the project.

It was decided that two levels for accessing the TPN 4 website would be established. One for the
general public, and the other for the working groups. Passwords would be given to all TPN 4
country Parties to update their specific country data.

International standards should be applied to ensure that databases and other websites can be linked
and accessed through the TPN 4 website.

The participants noted that in order to maintain the TPN 4 website, specific capacity building
would have to be extended t the TPN 4 task manager and/or one of his team.
It was suggested that in order to supervise and monitor the quality of displayed information, a task
force would have to be established. The suggested task force members are: the TPN 4 task
manager, ICARDA, ACSAD, and the UNCCD Secretariat.
C.       Conclusions

     •  There was a general consensus that the website should serve both as an information sharing
        platform for integrated water resources development and management best practices,
        experiences and facts, and as a discussion group platform providing a common tool for all
        network participants to share ideas and experiences, solicit help from other network
        participants,
     • It was agreed that the target audience for the website will be all network focal points in the
        countries, scientists and engineers concerned with water, policy makers and the public at
        large,
     • In order to ensure that TPN 4 can make full use of linkages to other TPNs in Asia and other
        regional annexes as well as with existing and evolving Sub-regional activities, it was
        decided that the TPN 4 website would be hosted on the official UNCCD website.
     • Effective use of information displayed on the website is of primary importance to involved
        country Parties. Therefore, it was decided to approach the establishment of the TPN 4
        website in phases i.e. starting with a simple but effective structure which can then be
        upgraded upon demand,
     • International standards for data management is to be employed so as to ensure that data
        between already existing websites can be shared.
     • ICARDA with its expertise in information management will be asked to produce a project
        proposal with a detailed budget that specifies a timeline and activities to implement the
        website launch. Substantive input to the development of the project proposal is to be
        provided by the TPN 4 task manager with advise from the advisory board and circulated to
        all TPN 4 country Parties,
     • The representative from UNEP will provide the UNEP format, as an example for best
        practices and success stories to the TPN 4 task manager in order to disseminate the
        information to TPN 4 country Parties for further use,
     • A list of TPN 4 member countries and their participation in the working group will be
        provided by the TPN 4 task manager to ICARDA
     • Each lead country will liaise with the member countries of their respective working groups
        to obtain the required information for inclusion into the website. The lead country will
        forward the information to the TPN 4 task manager who will coordinate activities with
        ICARDA.
     Required information:
     • The Lead countries from Tajikistan, Jordan, The Philippines, and India are expected to
        provide best practices and other information to the network It was agreed that in principle
        TPN 4 country Parties participating in the various working groups would be responsible to
        channel the requested information via the lead country to the TPN 4 task manager. The lead
        countries would liaise with the TPN 4 country Parties in their group with regard to the
        information flow necessary to keep the network alive. The TPN 4 task manager would
        liaise with ICARDA on the web design and implementation of the project.
     • Best practices: focal point from each country will assess if an example is, or is not a “Best
        Practice”.
     • List of relevant institutions and civil society groups, as well as the Private Sector working
        on a specific theme, will be collected by the respective focal points and forwarded to the
        TPN 4 task manager through the lead countries
•   List of activities relating to a specific theme and corresponding project documents will be
    collected by the focal points and channelled through the lead countries to the TPN 4 task
    manager
•   List of international water websites relevant to the various themes are to be provided by
    each TPN 4 working group member. The lists would have to be forwarded to the lead
    countries responsible for the themes and then forwarded to the TPN 4 task manager.
•   ICARDA is requested to provide the final version of the questionnaire to the TPN 4 task
    manager by the end of March 2003,
•   The TPN 4 task manager is requested to forward the questionnaire provided by ICARDA to
    all TPN 4 member countries within one week,
•   The information regarding the development of the website should be submitted by the TPN
    4 member countries to the TPN 4 task manager through the lead counties by the end of July
    2003,
•   Scientific information: the information is restricted to published documents and documents
    in all UN languages. A search function will support for the time being the documents
    provided in English
•   The website will be “read only” for the general public and data entry and updates will be
    limited to all TPN 4 focal points at national level,
•   The responsibility of entering general information not related to any particular member
    country will be outlined in the project proposal to be developed by ICARDA,
•   Counters will be integrated in order to monitor the utilization of information provided. This
    will serve as a monitoring tool and facilitate the decision making on expanding the website
•   The TPN 4 task manager will provide a draft for the country profile. The draft will be
    shared with and agreed upon by all TPN countries and the advisory board. The information
    subsequently will be provided by the concerned TPN 4 country Party.
•   The UNCCD secretariat is requested to provide information on rules pertaining to the
    publishing of information. This would eventually be shared with all TPN 4 country Parties
    as a general guideline.
D.     Annexes                                                                         Annex I


                      SECRETARIAT OF THE CONVENTION TO COMBAT DESERTIFICATION
                 SECRETARIAT DE LA CONVENTION SUR LA LUTTE CONTRE LA DESERTIFICATION




                     PROVISIONAL PROGRAMME OF WORK

                WORKSHOP ON THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE
                  INFORMATION PLATFORM FOR TPN 4

                                          5 – 7 March
                                         UNCCD, Bonn
                                           Germany


Wednesday, March 5, 2003:

 9.00 – 9.30                         Registration

 9.30 – 10.00                        Welcome address by Mr. Rezaul Karim, Coordinator
                                     Asia Unit
                                     Statement by the TPN 4 task manager (moderator)
                                     Election of Chairman and Rapporteur

10.00 – 10.40                        Presentation by the TPN 4 task manager (potentials of
                                     the information platform with respect to scientific
                                     research, UN related activities, exchange of information
                                     on implementation and best practices)
                                     (with assistance of ICARDA)

                                     Discussion

10.40 – 11.10                        Presentation by lead countries:
                                     (Objectives of the lead countries, information
                                     infrastructure to be established, specific information
                                     needs with respect to the information platform, already
                                     existing Internet links that relate to your working
                                     groups)

                                     The Philippines (water harvesting)

                                     Discussion

11.10 – 11.30                        Coffee Break

11.30 – 12.00                        Presentation by lead countries continued
                                    Tajikistan (erosion control)
                                    Discussion
12.00 – 12.30                       Jordan (monitoring of water resources including
                                    benchmarks and indicators)
                                    Discussion

12.30 – 14.00                       Lunch Break

14.00 – 14.30                       Presentation of lead countries continued:

                                    India (traditional knowledge)
                                    Discussion

14.30 – 15.00                       Representative of the civil society
                                    Mrs. Khadija-Catherine Razavi
                                    CENESTA (Centre for Sustainable Development
                                    Studies and Application), Teheran, Iran

                                    Discussion

15.00 – 15.30                       Coffee Break

15.30 – 17.30                       Summary of the Moderator (TPN 4 task manager)
                                    Brainstorming on the scope, operational modalities, and
                                    content of the information platform

                                    The technical resource person from ICARDA will guide
                                    the group in questions relating to the feasibility of the
                                    proposals made


Thursday, March 6, 2003:
The TPN 4 task manager will function as a moderator for the entire day:

 9.00 – 11.00                       Scope of the information platform (brainstorming and
                                    identification of potential areas of collaboration
                                    between organisations, country Parties, civil society
                                    groups)


11.00 – 11.20                       Coffee Break


11.20 – 12.40                       Content of the platform and timeframe for its
                                    establishment
                                    detailed information on the content of the platform with
                                    specific reference to the lead countries
                                    -       timetable for the establishment of the platform
12.40 – 14.00            Lunch Break

14.00 – 16.00            Operational modalities
                         identification of technical access to the information
                         presented on the platform, passwords, updating
                         modalities etc.

16.00 – 16.30            Coffee Break


16.30 – 17.30            Distribution of the 1st draft of the report of the meeting


Friday, March 7, 2003:


 9.00 – 11.00            Discussion on the draft report

11.00 – 11.20            Coffee Break

11.20 – 12.30            TPN 4 information platform and specific linkages to
                         other TPNs , SRAPs of the UNCCD


12.30 – 14.00            Lunch Break

14.00 – 15.00            TPN 4 information platform and specific linkages to
                         other TPNs, SRAPs, of the UNCCD continued

15.00 – 15.30            Adoption of the report
D.      Annexes                                                           Annex II


                                  List of Participants
        Workshop on the Establishment of the Information Platform for TPN 4
                                 5 – 7 March 2003
                                     Bonn, Germany


India                                        Jordan

Mr. M.S. Agrawal                             Mr. Ali Adwan
Senior Joint Commissioner                    Secretary General Assistant – for Planning
                                             and Information
Ministry of Water Resources and
National Task
Manager of TPN 4                             MWI-JVA
629, Shram Shakti Bhawan                     Amman – Jordan P.O. 2769
Rafi Marg                                    Amman
New Delhi 110 001                            Jordan
India

Phone:                                       Phone: + 962 6 568 9400/439 (Extension)
Fax: +91 11 2371 9503                        Fax: + 962 6 569 7 940
Email: agrawalmsa@rediffmail.com             Email: ali_adwan@mwi.gov.jo



Mongolia                                     Philippines

Dr. Tsohio Adyasuren                         Mr. Rogelio Concepcion
Professor                                    Director
Ministry of Nature and Environment           Bureau of Soils and Water Management
C.P.O. Box 752                               Department of Agriculture
Ulaan Baatar – 13                            Elliptical Rd, Diliman
Mongolia                                     Quezon City
                                             Philippines

Phone: +976 11 312 458/+976 9919 2160        Phone: +632 920 4319/+632 920 4382
Fax: +976 11 312 320                         Fax: +632 920 4319/+632 920 4318
Email:ozoff@magicnet.mn;                     Email: bswm@pworld.net.ph
       adyats@yahoo.com                      rogercon@pworld.net.ph
Syrian Arab Republic                            Tajikistan

Mr. Jamal Jamaleddin                      Mr. Amir Gulov
TPN 4 Task Manager                        Head – Hydrometeo Department
Network for Water Resources               GlavHydromet of the Republic of
Management in Agriculture                 Tajikistan
in Asian Countries                        Shevchenko 47
Ministry of Irrigation                    Dushanbe
P.O. Box 4451
Damascus
                                          Phone: +992 372 217 002/
Phone: +963 11 245 31 25                  +992 372
Fax: +963 11 245 31 26                    Fax: +992 372 311 487/
Email: moiintercoop@mail.sy                      +992 372 276 181/
                                                 +992 372 215 522
                                                 Email: amir_gulov@mail.ru


Iran – CENESTA                                                   ACSAD


Mrs. Khadija Catherine Razavi             Mr. Said Zahra
Executive Director                        Senior Hydrogeologist – Water Resources
                                          Division
CENESTA – Centre for Sustainable          The Arab Center for the Studies Development
                                          of Arid Zones

5 Lakpour Lane, Suite 24 Langary Street   P.O. Box 2440
16936 Tehran                              Damascus

Phone: + 98 21 295 421/+98 21 293 4958    Phone: + 963 11 574 3087
Fax: + 1 253 322 8599                     Fax    :+ 963 11 574 3063
Email: khadija@cenesta.org                Email: acsad@.net.sy



ICARDA


Mr. Zaid Abdul-Hadi
Head – Computr and Biometrics Services
ICARDA

Aleppo
Syria
Phone: + 963 21 227 3680
Fax: + 963 21 221 3490
Email: Z.Abdul-Hadi@cgiar.org
Germany – University of Bonn            Germany – University of Potsdam


Mr. Helmut Eggers                       Mr. Juergen Rambow
Professor. Dr. Ing.                     Project Co-ordination
University of Bonn                      GLOWA Jordan River Project,
Nussallee 1                             Institute for Plant Ecology and
53115 Bonn                              Nature Conservation
                                        Maulbeerstrasse 2
Phone: + 29 228 73 3118
Fax: + 49 228 732 619                   Phone: + 49 331 977 1906
Email: eggers@uni-bonn.de               Email: rambow@rz.uni-potsdam.de


Global Mechanism                        UNEP

Mr. Roshan Cooke                        Ms. Gemma Shepherd
Associate Programme Manager for Asia,   United Nations Environment
The Pacific and Northern Africa         Programme (UNEP)
Global Mechanism of the UNCCD           P.O. Box 30552
C/O IFAD, Via del Serafico, 107         Nairobi
00142 Rome                              Kenya
Italy
                                        Phone: + 254 2 6232 82
Phone: + 39 06 5459 2156                Fax: + 254 2 62 43 24/2788
Fax: + 39 06 5459 2135                  Email: Gemma.Shepherd@unep.org
Email: ro.cooke@ifad.org


UNEP/ROWA                               UNCCD

Mr. Abdu Al – Assiri                    Mr. Rezaul Karim
Regional Programme Officer,             Coordinator- Asia Unit
Coordinator for                         UNCCD
SRAP/UNCCD in West Asia                 Martin Luther King str. 8
UNEP – Regional Office for West Asia    53175 Bonn
P.O. Box 10880
Manama, Bahrain

Phone: +973 826 600                     Phone: + 49 228 815 2833
Phone: +973 825 110/1                   Fax: + 49 228 815 2898/99
Fax: +973 825 110/1                     Email: rkarim@unccd.int
Email: Abdu.Alassiri@unep.org.bh
Ms. Anja Thust
Programme Officer
UNCCD
Martin Luther King str. 8
53175 Bonn

Phone: +49 228 815 2828
Fax: +49 228 815 2898/99
Email: athust@unccd.int
    Country Profile of each TPN 4           Existing
    member country with special             programmes/websites
        D.     Annexes
    emphasis to water resources             that relate to TPN 4                           Annex III
    management (this item could very        (broad international
    well be connected to the overall        activities such as the          Information related to resource
    exercise under the CRIC/COP to          WWF, FAO databases              mobilization (this still would need to
    establish country profiles of           maybe etc.) See also the        be identified and properly defined
    affected country Parties)               Frameworkpaper of
                                            TPN 4

    TPN 4 News:
    Meetings
    Progress in project implementation
    Reports (from the reporting
    obligations specified in the
    framework paper)




                                               Working groups


                                                     Monitoring of water
Traditional knowledge      Soil erosion              resources                      Water harvesting




   List of country          List of country               List of country                List of country
   Parties                  Parties participating         Parties                        Parties
   participating in the     in the working group          participating in the           participating in
   working group                                          working group                  the working


 List of activities at    List of activities at          List of activities at       List of activities at
 national level that      national level that deal       national level that deal    national level that
 deal with the subject    with the subject (each         with the subject (each      deal with the subject
 (each group              group member)                  group member)               (each group
 member)                                                                             member)

                                                          Best practices both            Best practices both
Best practices both       Best practices both             inside and outside             inside and outside
inside and outside the    inside and outside the          the region                     the region
region                    region




     List of national       List of national                    List of national            List of national
     institutions           institutions academic +             institutions                institutions
     academic + civil       civil society dealing with          academic + civil            academic + civil
     society dealing        the subject                         society dealing             society dealing
     with the subject                                           with the subject            with the subject
Scientific information            Scientific               Scientific information      Scientific information
available on the subject          information              available on the subject    available on the subject
(selection of institutions)       available on the         (selection of               (selection of
both inside and outside the       subject (selection of    institutions) both inside   institutions) both inside
region. , documents               institutions) both       and outside the region,     and outside the region,
                                  inside and outside       documents                   documents
Links to websites                 the region,
                                  documents                Links to websites           Links to websites
                                  Links to websites




 Project proposal             Project proposal            Project proposal pertinent
 pertinent to TPN 4           pertinent to TPN 4          to TPN 4                     Project proposal
                                                                                       pertinent to TPN 4


                                                                                          FAQs
     FAQs                           FAQs                        FAQs




 Email network: protected area where TPN 4 member countries can send e/mails to the advisory group, lead
 countries, all TPN 4 country Parties, partners etc.
D.    Annexes                                                                                                                              Annex IV
TPN task Manager
                                                                 TPN4
TPN4                                                            TP    Subject Coverage                                   Host
Thematic Programme Network 4                                    N                                                       Country

                                                                1     Desertification Monitoring and Assessment          China


      Meeting on Establishment of                               2     Agro forestry and Soil Conservation in Arid,
                                                                      Semi-arid and Sub-humid Areas
                                                                                                                         India

      Information Platform,                                     3     Rangeland Management and Fixation of Shifting       Iran
       UNCCD- Bonn, 5-7th March 2003                                  Sand Dunes
                                                                4     Water Resources Management for Agriculture in      Syria
      TPN4: Water Resources                                           Arid, Semi-arid and Sub-humid Areas
      Management for Agriculture in Arid,                       5     Strengthening Capacities for Drought Impact       Mongolia
      Semi-arid and Sub humid lands.                                  Management and Desertification Control

                                                                6     Assistance for the Implementation of Integrated   Pakistan
                                                                      Local Area Development Programmes Initiatives

                                                                                                                                           2




 Policy Gaps                                                   Consequences
                                                                    Shortages in supply in poor areas.
     .Inadequate studies and information.
                                                                    Late water projects.
     .Inadequate tariffs and improper pricing and                   Coordination missing between providers and users.
     subsidy.                                                       Supply-demand imbalance.
     .Inadequate water saving measures (metering,                   Limited water saving technology application.
     legislation, pricing, illicit connection control)               Depletion of ground water in some areas.
     .Inadequate fiscal regulation and enforcement.                 Arising problems on ground water quality and quantity


     .Fragmented management


                                                           3                                                                       4




 Major Water Sector Challenges                                                     Problems to be
                                                                                     Addressed
    Resource Conservation Challenge                             Water resources scarcity
    Social Challenge                                            Environmental Degradation
    Economic challenge
                                                                Water Policy framework
    Regional cooperation challenge
    Environmental degradation
                                                                Long term planning
    Lack of explicitly defined water policy.                    Sector Coordination
    Lack of inter-sectoral coordination.                        Supply and demand assessments
    Lack of adequate and updated data on water resources        Water resources information system


                                                           5                                                                           6




   Possible interventions:                                                         Organizations
                                                                     Water resources information center (JICA).
   Pilot case studies for efficient local water                      Water demand management in Agriculture
   management                                                        (IDRC).
   Integrated basin water management                                 Application of treated waste water in
   Strategic planning and institutional                              agriculture (FAO).
   coordination
   Human resources development

                                                           7                                                                           8
TPN4                                                                 TPN4
                                                                       Response to the Water Crisis
                    Why TPN4 ?
                                                                       1- Making water use in agriculture more
                                                                       productive.
   • TPN4 is an important part of the UNCCD
     Regional Action Programme.                                        2- Increasing storage.
                                                                       3- Changing the way water is managed.
   • TPN4 represents part of a                                         4- Increasing cooperation in international basins
     comprehensive programme in Asia to
     address causes and effects of                                     5- Valuing ecosystem functions.
     desertification at the regional level.                            6- Supporting innovation.
                                                                       7- Mobilising financial resources.
                                                              9                                                                      10




  TPN4                                                               TPN4
                                                                    TPN4 Objective
   TPN4 Goal                                                           To contribute to an improved exchange of
                                                                     access to information, management of
   To     reduce   (and    reverse)   land                           available knowledge and experience at all
   degradation and desertification, and                              relevant levels. This would allow for integrated
   mitigate the effects of drought in arid,                          and sustainable management of water
   semi-arid, and dry sub-humid areas of                             resources and their efficient use, the mitigation
   Asia through more rational and                                    of drought effects, and a reduction and/or
                                                                     reversal of land degradation in practical
   efficient use of water resources in
                                                                     agriculture.
   agriculture.
                                                              11                                                                     12




TPN4                                                               TPN4
The Network is expected to yield the following results:

 1- A platform for efficient management of both traditional        4- Strength capacity building of human resources and
 and modern scientific knowledge, and exchange of                  institutions related to the rational and efficient use of water
 information relevant to improving water resources                 resources.
 management.
                                                                   5- Improving information flow and coordination             and
 2- Institutional mechanisms arrangements allowing for             cooperation among various stakeholders.
 adequate stakeholder participation and awareness raising
 in water resources management.                                    6- Linking of TPN4 activities and outcomes to the overall
                                                                   UNCCD implementation process.
 3- Improving coordination and cooperation among the
 various stakeholders in water resources management at             7- Mechanisms for adequate resource mobilisation .
 national and regional level.

                                                              13                                                                     14




 TPN4                                                              TPN4
Preparatory Steps towards a successful                                2- TPN4 Status Paper
launching of TPN4                                                  The Status Paper suggested a possible
                                                                    operational structure.
   1- The Syrian Government, as host
                                                                     It spelled out potential members and
   country took the first steps to initiate
   TPN4 by setting up Fully equipped office                          partners and their respective roles in the
   and providing human resources to staff                            program.
   the host institution unit.                                        The paper proposed further preparatory
                                                                     steps to be taken towards successful
                                                                     launching of TPN4.
                                                              15                                                                     16
 TPN4                                                                              TPN4
3- Questionnaire :
                                                                                       4- List of Active Member Countries
                                                                                      participating in TPN4 :
   -   Relevant Country Information
   -   General Socio-Economic Information
                                                                                   China – India – Iran- Jordan – Kazakhstan –
   -   Water Resources Management                                                  Kyrgyzstan – Mongolia - Saudi Arabia - Sri Lanka –
   -   Thematic Program Network 4 Participation                                    Syria – Qatar – Tajikistan - The Philippines –
                                                                                   Turkmenistan- Uzbekistan - Yemen




                                                                 17                                                                                                                                        18




TPN4                                                                               TPN4
5- National Committee                                                                 6- National Needs Assessment Meetings :
 The Government of the Host Country (Syria) established
  a "National Committee for TPN4" which is supporting                                          - To assist the country Parties in identifying their
  the Task Manager in administrative matters and issues                                       special needs with respect to TPN4.
  of national concern.
                                                                                               - To identify priority areas for TPN4 activities that
   The Minister of Irrigation heads the National Committee.                                   could be included in a first 1-2 year work program.
    Besides the Task Manager, members include:
  - The UNCCD National Focal Point ( Ministry of Environment).                                  - To give the country parties the opportunity to
  - Representatives of the Ministry of Agriculture.                                           gather stakeholders and initiate the necessary
  - The Co-Host Institutions ACSAD and ICARDA.                                                information exchange.



                                                                 19                                                                                                                                        20




TPN4                                                                           TPN4
A rough analysis of NAMs reveals that of the eight
priority areas and sub-themes, the following are                                  3. Coordination and Cooperation
predominantly stated as priorities:
                                                                                          - Facilitating regional and international cooperation to
1. Strategies and Policies / Legislation / Economics, with the                              improve knowledge.
   sub-themes                                                                             - Increased within-country coordination
        - Implementation of economic reforms for water                            4. Capacity Building and Institutional Strengthening
          resources in agriculture
                                                                                          - Defining institutional capacity building strategies
        - Introduction of pricing and application of targeted
                                                                                          - Training of professionals
          subsidies
                                                                                  5. Water Resources Management
       - Regulation and enforcement
                                                                                          - Implementation of management tools for Tran boundary
2. Technical Know-how (field level)                                                         water bodies
      - Improving efficiency of irrigation systems                                       - Establishing and improving integrated systems for
      - Research and transfer of technology                                                monitoring water resources, their uses and ecosystems
      - Water harvesting and other traditional knowledge for
        storing water                                            21                                                                                                                                        22




TPN4
                                                                                          Information Exchange & Knowledge Management                                           Resource
                                                                                                                                                                                Mobilization

                                                                           Coordination & Cooperation                      Capacity Bldg. & Inst. Strengthening                 Focus:
                                                                                                                                                                                  Mobilizing
7-Preparing the Framework paper :                                     Focus:
                                                                        Coordination among Ministries, organizations,
                                                                        institutions, programs, NGOs, funds, and
                                                                                                                           Focus:
                                                                                                                             Defining institutional capacity building
                                                                                                                             strategies
                                                                                                                                                                                  national and
                                                                                                                                                                                  local resources
                                                                                                                                                                                  Mobilizing
                                                                        other structures in the field of water resources
UNCCD Secretariat, UNCCD consultant and task manager                    management
                                                                                                                             Human Resources Development
                                                                                                                             Training of professionals for water
                                                                                                                                                                                  external
                                                                                                                                                                                  resources
                                                                        Cooperation among them
depending on the results of all above eight components and              Cooperation at regional level (conferences,
                                                                                                                             management and operators
                                                                                                                             Research and transfer of technology
                                                                                                                                                                                  Applying
                                                                                                                                                                                  innovative
                                                                        joint projects, (sub-)regional planning;
respective sub-themes representing the areas of interest as             transboundary water management)
                                                                                                                             (extension systems)                                  financing
                                                                                                                                                                                  mechanism

articulated in the questionnaires and NAMs:                                                                                                                                       Tapping the
                                                                                                                                                                                  private sector
                                                                      Technical                 Water                      Strategies                 Civil society
1. Information Exchange & Knowledge Management                        know-how
                                                                      (field level)
                                                                                                resources
                                                                                                management
                                                                                                                           and Policies,
                                                                                                                           Economics
                                                                                                                                                      participation,
                                                                                                                                                      Awareness

2. Technical know-how (field level)                                   Focus:
                                                                        Improve irrigation
                                                                                                Focus:
                                                                                                   Monitoring of water
                                                                                                                           Focus:
                                                                                                                             Policies and
                                                                                                                                                      Focus:
                                                                                                                                                        Participatory
                                                                        efficiency                 resources and use         strategies                 institutional
3. Water resources management                                           Technological
                                                                        advances and
                                                                                                   (incl. indicators)
                                                                                                   Water storage and
                                                                                                                             Transparent
                                                                                                                             regulatory
                                                                                                                                                        mechanisms
                                                                                                                                                        NGO and civil
                                                                        innovations                distribution (incl.       frameworks                 society participation
4. Strategies and Policies, Economics                                   Marginal water use
                                                                        and salinization
                                                                                                   coordination)
                                                                                                   Integrated
                                                                                                                             Legislation and
                                                                                                                             enforcement
                                                                                                                                                        Decentralization
                                                                                                                                                        and community-
                                                                        Water harvesting           information               Basic needs                based water

5. Civil society participation, Awareness                               Traditional and
                                                                        indigenous
                                                                                                   systems
                                                                                                   Transboundary
                                                                                                                             Economic reforms
                                                                                                                             (incl. pricing and
                                                                                                                                                        management
                                                                                                                                                        Education
                                                                        knowledge                  water management          subsidies)                 Awareness raising
6. Coordination and Cooperation                                         Pasture irrigation         Water in/for
                                                                                                   ecosystems
                                                                                                                             Role of authorities        Information
                                                                                                                                                        campaigns
                                                                        Erosion control                                      Decentralization
                                                                                                   Groundwater               and community-
7. Capacity Building & Institutional Strengthening                      Adapted crops
                                                                        Rainfed agriculture
                                                                                                   depletion                 based water
                                                                                                                             management
                                                                        Research and
8. Resource Mobilisation                                                transfer



                                                                 23
                                                                                                                                                                                                    p.26
                          TPN4 Components                                                              TPN4
8 Components,                                                                                              The specific role of the network
                                                                                                            members at national level includes:
                                                                                                            Participation in the network activities and liaise
1




                                                                               Resource Mobilization
                Information Exchange & Knowledge Management
                                                                                                            with the respective National TPN4 Focal Institution
                                                                                                            Identify further stakeholders, programmes and
6    Coordination & Cooperation       Capacity Bldg. & Inst. Strengthening
                                                                           7                                projects and communicate the information about
                                                                                                            them to the National TPN4 Focal Institution and/or
Technical            Water            Strategies          Civil society                                     the Task Manager
know-how        2    resources    3   and Policies,   4   participation,   5                                Work towards strengthening the network through
(field level)        management       Economics           Awareness            8                            exchange of information and ongoing feedback,
                                                                                                            thereby confirming commitment to the network's
                                                                                                            mandate and fostering the spirit of sharing and
each embracing several sub-themes                                                                           cooperation


                                                                                    25                                                                                      26




   TPN4                                                                                                TPN4
         Carry out joint programmes where appropriate in
         collaboration with other national TPN4 members
                                                                                                       Co-Host Institutions
                                                                                                       ,        The Co-Host Institutions are expected to support the
         Highlight problems and encourage dialogue to find                                                   network in technical and scientific manners,
         solutions through appropriate measures                                                              Relate the institution's on-going and planned activities
         Support the implementation of activities of the                                                     and projects to the network
         programme with financial and technical resources                                                    Get involved in TPN4 implementation and extend
         as appropriate                                                                                      technical assistance where needed
         Disseminate the information and knowledge                                                           Organization of capacity building initiatives such as
         gained through TPN4 to the local level                                                              training courses, seminars, workshops, etc.
                                                                                                             Support the proposal development for jointly
                                                                                                             implemented activities and projects under the umbrella
                                                                                                             of TPN4


                                                                                    27                                                                                      28




  TPN4                                                                                                 TPN4
      Assure - together with the Task Manager and the UNCCD                                                The role of the Network Task Manager covers
      Secretariat - coordination and exchange with other                                                      the following:
      UNCCD sub-regional and regional activities, particularly
      with TN1 of the SRAP West Asia and the evolving                                                         Maintain the list of national, sub-regional, regional and
      SRAP/CD Central Asia                                                                                    international members and partners, and establish a
                                                                                                              database on relevant institutions and bodies working in the
      Assume specific responsibilities as proposed by the Task                                                domain of water resources management in the region
      Manager and decided by the network's Steering                                                           Liaise with network members and relevant agencies at both
      Committee                                                                                               national and regional level
      Assume responsibilities as members of the Advisory                                                      Follow-up on the administrative arrangements for the
      board                                                                                                   network and channel requests for technical and financial
      Assume responsibilities as members of the Steering                                                      assistance made by country Parties to the Advisory Board
      Committee                                                                                               for approval by the Steering Committee
                                                                                                              Ensure the network members' commitment to the network


                                                                                    29                                                                                      30




 TPN4                                                                                                  TPN4
         Facilitate the organization of workshops/seminars, study
         tours and training courses implemented within the
         framework of TPN 4                                                                                  Liaise with other existing and evolving UNCCD
         Delegate specific responsibilities to network members
                                                                                                             activities and programs in close consultation with
         and follow up on achievements                                                                       UNCCD Secretariat
         Serve as a hub of the network with the specific task of                                             Submit a short quarterly report on progress made to the
         information and know-how exchange with the long-term                                                Minister of Irrigation and the Advisory Board for
         perspective of becoming an information clearing-house                                               subsequent evaluation of performance
         Perform - together with the Advisory Board - a periodic                                             Periodically publish an English network newsletter with
         quality control with regard to the inputs provided to the                                           support of the Advisory Board
         information exchange and knowledge management                                                       Prepare an annual report of TPN4 activities and
         platform, and provide feedback to providers                                                         achievements, and disseminate to Asian Country
                                                                                                             Parties, interested agencies, and potential donors in
                                                                                                             consultation with UNCCD Secretariat
                                                                                    31                                                                                      32
TPN4                                                            TPN4
 Submit a report on the overall implementation of TPN4
 to the UNCCD Secretariat for evaluation by the
 Committee for the Review of the Implementation of the          The National Committee
 Convention (CRIC) and presentation to the COP
 Assist - in collaboration and cooperation with the              The National Committee will provide political
 Global Mechanism and the CCD Secretariat - in                   support to TPN4 from within the country.
 locating and mobilising technical, financial, and
 political support from governments, the private sector,
 and international donors
 Assume responsibilities as members of the Advisory
 board
 Assume responsibilities as members of the Steering
 Committee


                                                           33                                                              34




TPN4                                                            TPN4
The Advisory Board                                              The Steering Committee
                                                                High level representative of member countries TPN4, T.M,
 The Advisory Board will further provide guidance                 UNCCD, co-host ICARDA, ACSAD
 on technical matters, and help to resolve                        Review achievements as well as on-going and planned
                                                                  network activities, and ensure that they are within the
 programmatic, operational and financial issues.                  framework established under the program and do not
                                                                  duplicate other efforts
                                                                  Review and approve proposed work plan and budget
                                                                  following any necessary amendments
                                                                  Decide on strategic developments of TPN 4, eventual policy
                                                                  changes needed, and suggest measures to strengthen the
                                                                  network



                                                           35                                                                  36




TPN4                                                            TPN4
 Assist in mobilising financial support from                    The UNCCD Secretariat
 governments, private sector, and international                   Ensure linkages with the regional action programs
                                                                  of the UNCCD, other regional networks (TPNs), and
 donors                                                           SRAPs respective sub-regions
 Render political support to the implementation                   Initiate and delegate contact with other existing
 of the UNCCD, particularly to TPN4 Assist in                     networks working in the domain of water resources
                                                                  management
 resolving potential conflicts among network                      Facilitate linkages and synergies with post UNCED
 members                                                          international initiatives relevant to TPN4
                                                                  Assist members and the task manager in the
                                                                  development of proposals for TPN4 activities


                                                           37                                                                  38




TPN4                                                            TPN4
 Follow up in liaison with the GM on resource                    The Global Mechanism
 mobilisation
                                                                    Provide information and make suggestions on
 Assume responsibilities as members of the                          funding opportunities for water resources
 Advisory board                                                     management for agriculture in Asia to be
 Assume responsibilities as members of the                          disseminated through the TPN4 Website
 Steering Committee                                                 Assist in the mobilisation of financial resources in
                                                                    liaison with the secretariat and the TPN4 Task
                                                                    Manager
                                                                    Together with the UNCCD Secretariat, support
                                                                    members and the Task Manager in the
                                                                    development of proposals in view of submission
                                                                    to specific donors
                                                           39                                                                  40
TPN4                                                     TPN4
  Assure the availability of funding to cover the
  "running cost" of TPN4
                                                         The Partners
  Assume responsibilities as members of the               Allow for and promote coordination and
  Advisory board                                          collaboration among TPN4 members and partners
  Assume responsibilities as members of the               Facilitate the promotion and strengthening of TPN4
  Steering Committee                                      Support the implementation of TPN4 activities with
                                                          technical as well as financial resources as
                                                          appropriate




                                                    41                                                     42




 TPN4                                                    TPN4
FIRST YEAR PLAN                                          The objectives of the programme of
 TPN4's first year work plan will focus on the             work for the first year are:
 establishment of the platform for information              Making administrative arrangements for the
 exchange and knowledge management, and lay the             network's organization and management
 basis for participation, coordination and cooperation      To establish the platform for information
 of different stakeholders at local, national and           exchange and knowledge management
 regional level. Additionally,




                                                    43                                                     44




TPN4                                                     TPN4
   To lay the basis for participation,                     To prepare reports on the activities of all
   coordination and cooperation of the different           members during the first year, and to
   stakeholders at local, national and regional            submit them to the Steering Committee for
   level                                                   consideration and approval.
   To have a first overview of activities at               To organize The Coordination Meeting
   national level in the domain of water                   Identifying funding sources for the
   resources management ready                              network    and     promising    proposals
   To elaborate ideas and proposals for                    submitted to these potential donors.
   concrete activities of the network and its
   members for the second year.
                                                    45                                                     46




TPN4
Proposed Activities

   Making administrative arrangements for
   the network's organization and
   management:




                                                    47                                                         48
  TPN4                                                              TPN4
              Frame work Paper                                                  Steering Committee
              Adopted
                                                                            -   China
              First Year Plan Adopted                                       -   India
              Budget Adopted                                                -   Iran
                                                                            -   Kazakhstan
                                                            49                                                                 50




                                                                  The Rationale of Knowledge and
                                                                  Information Management for TPN4
  TPN4                                                            Is :
                                                                    to collect and gather information relevant to TPN 4 and
              Working Group for component 1 : Information         make it easily accessible through the Internet to stakeholders
              Exchange and Knowledge Management                   at the regional, national, and local level
              Established in the lunching meeting
                                                                   to foster exchange of information, cooperation, and team
              4 other working groups established later:           building within and outside the region

                                                                    to create a platform for a clearing house on water resources
              1-Water harvesting:The Philippines…………              management, including information on ongoing events, results
                2-Traditionl Knowledge:India…………………..             of working groups, and an inventory of relevant scientific data
              3-Erosion control: Tajikistan………………….
              4-Monitoring of water resources use: Jordan          to increase overall effectiveness and transparencies of
                                                                  TPN 4 by creating interactive working groups
                                                            51




The TPN 4 Current Website                                         The TPN 4
http://www.unccd.int/action programmes/asia/regional/tpn4         Current Website
                                                                    • Format and layout
  • Format and layout
                                                                  • currently embedded in the
• currently embedded in the
                                                                  overall structure of the RAP
overall structure of the RAP
                                                                  in Asia on the UNCCD
in Asia on the UNCCD
                                                                  Website
Website

                                                                 The Website so far contains:

                                                                 • Preparatory steps of TPN 4
                                                                 • Documents related to TPN 4
                                                                 • Information on resource
                                                                   mobilization




   The Working Group on
   Information and Knowledge                                         Operational procedures
   Management Will Have To:
        To determine the TPN 4 network’s knowledge                         Methods, tools and technologies
        management system (Content)
                                                                           Mechanisms for adding and updating content

        What to share
         Information that already exists or is
        generated inside or outside the TPN 4
        framework
   Overall Objective of the TPN 4
                                                                                                   Dynamics of information and knowledge sharing
   Information and Knowledge
   Management
                                                                                                   Information Exchange & Knowledge Management
             • to increase the overall effectiveness of
             TPN 4 by creating an information platform
             and clearing house accessible to TPN 4
             country Parties and their partners




                                                                                                                                                                   Resource Mobilisation
                                                                                                 Coordination & Cooperation          Capacity Bldg. & Inst.
                 • the information exchange will maintain the                                                                           Strengthening
                 momentum of working group activities in
                 between annual meetings and help to                                            Technical         Water        Strategies         Civil society
                                                                                                know-how          resources    and Policies,      participation,
                 create an environment of cooperation                                           (field level)     management   Economics          Awareness




                     Effective Implementation of TPN 4
                                                                                                What had been done During the
                                                                                                Launching Meeting:
    Information Exchange & Knowledge Management
                                                                                                         • Identify country Parties that have a
                                                                                                         particular interest in this work
                                                                                                         component. (All member countries)
                                                                        Resource Mobilisation




  Coordination & Cooperation              Capacity Bldg. & Inst.
                                             Strengthening
                                                                                                          • Identify one country that would
                                                                                                          like to spearhead this work
 Technical             Water        Strategies         Civil society
 know-how
 (field level)
                       resources
                       management
                                    and Policies,
                                    Economics
                                                       participation,
                                                       Awareness
                                                                                                          component (Syria)




   What to Do in this                                                                             What to Do after this
   Meeting:                                                                                       Meeting:
               Establish a TPN 4 website that can                                                           Start collecting relevant data and
             fulfill the functions set out by the                                                           make it available on the Website
             country Parties




ICARDA


                 UNCCD-
                 UNCCD-TPN4: Water
              Resources Management for                                                                                         Agenda
                                  Semi-
             Agriculture in Arid, Semi-arid                                                          • Objectives
                  and Sub humid lands                                                                • Site Map
                                                                                                     • Look and Feel
                                                                                                     • Structured Databases
                  Meeting on Establishment of                                                        • Collaboration Tools
                     Information Platform                                                            • Access & Security
                                                                                                     • Hosting
                     Bonn, 5-7th March 2003                                                          • Governance
                                                                                                     • Long-term Maintenance and Content
                                                                                                       Management
                                                                                                     • Development Costs
     Objective and Audience                                                TPN 4 – Website Map

• Facilitate the exchange of technical
  information and know-how by
  establishing a regional information                                                                              Home Page




  network for water resources                Overview   Country Profile                             News                                       |                           Knowledge Sharing                        Databases




  management in Asia                                    Country Details



                                                                   Traditional knowledge
                                                                                               Meetings - Events



                                                                                                                   Soil erosion
                                                                                                                                         Working Group



                                                                                                                                                         Monitoring of water                    Water harvesting
                                                                                                                                                                                                                List of databases




• All water scientists and policy                                 List of country Partie s...               List of country Partie s...              List of country Partie s...           List of country Partie s...




  makers related to water in Asia
                                                                      List of activ ities...                   List of activ itie s...                    List of activities...                 List of activities...


                                                                     Be st practices both                     Best practices both                        Be st practices both                  Be st practices both


                                                                List of national institutions ...        List of national institutions ...         List of national institutions ...     List of national institutions ...


                                                                   Scie ntific information ...              Scie ntific information ...               Scie ntific information ...           Scie ntific information ...


                                                                      Proje ct proposals                       Proje ct proposals                         Proje ct proposals                    Proje ct proposals




                                                   Documents, and unstructured
               Look and Feel
                                                           information
• Synergy with UNCCD site                •     Documents in PDF and DOC formats
• Should run with all Internet           •     Pictures in JPG
  browsers                               •     Maps in JPG
• Collaboration Tools                    •     Video in MPG
• Links to all important water           •     Sound in Realaudio
  websites




           Structured Databases                              Access & Security

•   Water Inventory Database             • TPN4 Focal points
•   Watersheds Database                  • Scientists in all related institutions
•   Groundwater Database                   in Asia
•   Floods Database                      • Access will be open to all
•   Meteorology Databases                • Updating will be restricted to focal
•   GIS maps                               points




                Web Hosting                                                        Governance

• UNCCD will be the natural host         • TPN-4 will be the steering
    –   Linux OS                           committee for the website
    –   Apache web server                • Moderator to ensure that material
    –   PHP scripting                      published do not step on any
    –   MYSQL database                     sensitivities
• Others could be considered
              Long-
              Long-term Maintenance and
                 Content Management
                                                                                               Development Costs
    • Part time resource needed for the                                            • Personnel: Designer, Developer
      maintenance of the website                                                   • Software: Dreamweaver, CMS
    • Content management software                                                  • Hardware: test bed server
      should be considered to make it
      easier to publish directly (eg
      PostNuke)




Tajikistan

                                                                                      Tajikistan is rich by water-
•Population – 6 127,5 th.                                                                  power resources
•Territory – 14 255,4 th. he                                                •   The     quantity of glaciers – 14509
                                                                            •   The     area of icing – 11146 km2
•Capital – Dushanbe                                                         •   The     volume of ice– about 845 km3
•Population – 591,5 th.                                                     •   The     mid-annual drain makes 64 км3
•The main direction of the republic – agro-                                 • The quantity of lakes – 1300,
industrial                                                                    with general area – 705 km2
                                                                            • The resources of underground
                                                                              waters – 18,7 км3




                                                                                       THE ESTABLISHED INFORMATION
                   OUR BASIC PURPOSES                                                        INFRASTRUCTURE.
       Coordination of holding activities in the field of                                                                  The Statistics State
                                                                                 The ministry and the State                Committee
       the erosion control;                                                      Committees, Academies of
                                                                                 Sciences, ТАAS, Forestry
       Creation a database on the control of erosion                             Production Association
       processes in the countries, where desertion is
 subject strongly;
                                                                                                                                Laboratories and
       Distribution of the information about erosion;                                                                           Departments
                                                                                  Research and Project
       Revealing of traditional and non-traditional                               Investigation Institutions
       methods monitoring for the erosion among the
 various countries and an exchanging of experiences;
       Creation of uniform interstate information system;
       Release interstate bulletins about the main                                Experimental and
       achievements in the field of the control of erosion                        Demonstrative Sites
       processes;



    OFFERED INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE                                             CREATION OF MONITORING FORTHE INFORMATION PLATFORM AND
                                                                                                    INFORMATION TRANSFER
                             The Interstate center
                                                                                                       Monitoring of the Information Platform

     State Coordinate and Information Centre or the Center of Information
     Platform

                                                                                  Republican Level              Regional Level              Local Level
 The Ministry and the State                      The State Statistics
 Committees, Academies of
                                                 Committee
 Sciences, ТАAS, Forestry
 Production Association

                         Research and Project Investigation Institutions        The National Centers
                                                                                of the Central Asian             The National            Local Station
                                                                                countries                          Center

  Laboratories, Departments, Experimental and Demonstrative Sites,
                                                                                   Interstate Level                                       The Stationary
  Regional Committees,Local Hukumats                                                                           The Base Station
                                                                                                                                            Groups for
                                                                                                                                         Gathering and the
                                                                                                                                             Control
          Local Communities                                  Farms                  Global Level
       SYSTEM OF GATHERING AND PROCESSING
               OF THE INFORMATION                                            THE CHARACTERISTIC AND NECESSARY INFORMATION
                              The Liaison
                                                                                                             PLATFORM.
                                                                                FOR THE EXPECTED INFORMATION PLATFORM.
  The Centralized                                      The Main Computer
  Control System               Channels                     Center
                               Couplings                                        The brief characteristic of nature-climatic
    The Liaison
                                                                                conditions and natural resources;
                                The Regional             The Program –
     Channels
     Couplings
                                                       Technical Interface      The Social – economic aspects;
                                                                                The conducting processes to reduction and
 The Information                  The Local            The linear computer      destruction of natural resources, including water and
   Computer                                                  network
     Center                                                                     land resources;
                                 The Radio
                                  Channel
                                                                                The ecological consequences of erosion;
                                                       The Automated
                                 Couplings             Control System           The economic consequences of erosion;
                                                                                The social consequences of erosion;
                                          Computers         The Automated       The definition of the area, the subject erosive
                                                             Workplaces      processes;
                                                                                The development of the series of maps on erosion
                                                                                processes;


 THE CHARACTERISTIC AND NECESSARY INFORMATION
    FOR THE EXPECTED INFORMATION PLATFORM.
    The improvement of the system of legislations and
    statutory acts of a basis of wildlife management;
    The account existing and the organization of new
    stationary ones on methods of erosion control;
    The analysis of remote methods (space and an aero
    photo photos) of the erosion processes;
    The gathering of information about the methods of
    erosion control;
    The recommendation and suggestions on rational
    usage of water and land resources;
    The activities on rational wildlife management;
    The monitoring of the gathered information.




Jordan

                   The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan                                                 Background
                    Ministry of Water and Irrigation
                        Jordan Valley Authority
                                                                                • Jordan is located in south/west of Asia between 39&34 E
                                                                                  and 33&29 N, with a total area of 92,000 km2 .
                                TPN 4 meeting
                               Bonne - Germany                                    Population ~ 5 million with an annual increase rate 3.3%
                                                                                • Its main features are :
                                                                                   – JRV, extending from Tiberia lake to the North and to
         Monitoring of Water Resources in the Jordan Valley
                                                                                      the Gulf of Aqaba.to the South.
                                     By                                            – The high lands to the East of JRV with a width of ~ 50
                              Eng. Ali Adwan
                                                                                      km, the height ranges from 600 to 1500 m above sea
                                                                                      level.
                         Assistant Secretary General
                          for Planning & Information                               – The Badia to the East forming the largest portion of
                                                                                      Jordan’s area.
                               5 – 7 March 2003




                        Background                                                         Water Supply & Demand (2002)
                                                                                                     (MCM)
   • The water resources of Jordan are mainly affected by its
     geographic location, classified as Arid to Semi Arid area                       • Total Available Supply = 780
     with a wide variable annual rainfall ranges from 600 mm                                 • - Surface Water = 505
     to less than 100 mm.                                                                    • - Ground Water = 275
   • The average annual rainfall ~ 8400 MM3
                     - In dry year ~ 4000 MM3                                        • Total Consumption - year 2002 = 817
                     - In wet year ~ 17 700 MM3                                              • Conventional Water = 745
   • The present available water resources :                                                 • Non Conventional
                                                                                               (Treated Waste Water) = 72
              - Surface water ~ 710 MM3 (including TWW)
              - Ground water ~ 240 MM3 (safe yield)
                               ~416 MM3 (actual abstraction)                         • Total Demand- year 2002 = 1237
                                                                                             Irrigation Demand – year 2000 = 862
              Marginal water :
                                                                                             Irrigation Supply – year 2000 = 541
              - Treated waste water ~ 80 MM3
              - Brackish water       ~ 60 MM3
         Irrigation Development in the Jordan Valley                                                                                                                                                 Irrigation Project Main Components

•   The Jordanian government, through the Jordan Valley Authority                                                                                                                                     360,000 Dunums with equipped infrastructure
    and the preceding organizations, started since the early fifties
    implementing infrastructure and irrigation projects at the side                                                                                                                                  (10,000 Farm Units)
    wadis in the Jordan Valley .                                                                                                                                                                      King Abdullah Canal (110Kms long, Discharge
•    The King Abdullah Canal was constructed to convey the water
                                                                                                                                                                                                     (20 – 2.6 m3/s) automatically controlled
    from the Yarmouk River with a total length of 110 kms.                                                                                                                                            28 Pumping Stations
                                                                                                                                                                                                      8 Dams (186 MCM) and 7 Diversion Weirs
•   Other irrigation projects were constructed north of the Dead Sea
    with a total area of about 310,000 dunums                                                                                                                                                         A sophisticated, closed pressurized pipe irrigation
                                                                                                                                                                                                       network.
•   The Southern Ghors irrigation scheme has a total area of about
    47500 dunums                                                                                                                                                                                      Farm road networks;
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Central and three satellite workshops




                                                        Jordan Valley Irrigation Water Distribution System
                                Lake Tiberias


                                                                                                                                                  AL WEHDAH DAM (195 MCM)

                                                                                         ADASIYA DIVERSION WEIR


                                                                                                                                                                     YARMOUK RIVER

                                                                                                   Tunnel                    MUKHEIBEH WELLS

                                   KAC North Conveyor




                                                                                                                                                                              WADI ARAB

                                                                                                                                             Wadi Arab Dam17.1 MCM




                                                                            N.E.G. and                                                                                        WADI ZIGLAB
                                                                            WADI ARAB                                                        Ziglab Dam 3.9 MCM
                                                                                         42860 d
                 JORDAN RIVER




                                                                                                                                                                              WADI
                                                                                                                                                                              JURUN

                                                                                                                                                                              WADI YABIS
                                 NORTH GHOR - 73000 d


                                                                                                                                                                              WADI KUFRINJA


                                                                                                                                                                              WADI RAJIB




                                                                                                                          GREATER AMMAN M&I Water Supply

                                                                                                    ZARQA CARRIER II


                                 MIDDLE GHOR - 64544 d            ZARQA SIPHON
                                                                                                                                                                     RETURN FLOW
                                                                                                                                                                            ZARQA RIVER
                                                                                         ABU EZZEGHAN CANAL
                                                                                                                                               KING TALAL DAM                 QA'HANNA
                                                                                                                                               75 MCM                         Diversion



                                                                                                                       ZARQA TRIANGLE - 16500 d
                                KARAMEH DAM
                                                                   KING ABDULLAH CANAL




                                55 MCM




                                   18 KM EXTENSION - 36500 d                                                                                                                          WADI SHUEIB
                                                                                                                   2500 d
                                                                                                                                                   Shueib Dam1.43 MCM




                                   14.5 KM EXTENSION - 62000 d




                                                                                                                       16590 d




                                                                                                                                                                                      WADI KAFREIN

                                                                                                                                             Kafrein Dam8.45 MCM
                                LEGEND

          Dead                         river
          Sea                          existing canal or pipe
                                                                                                                                                                                      WADI HISBAN
                                      existing dam
                                      planned dam

                                      river diversion
                                       irrigated land

                                      old irrigated land
                                                                                                             Directorate of Planning & Special Projects / GIS Project




                 Monitoring of Water Resources                                                                                                                                                              Monitoring of Water Resources

Monitoring of Water Quantity :                                                                                                                                                                       Monitoring of Water Quantity :
     – Surface Water
           • Rivers : Automatic gauging stations at Yarmouk River and                                                                                                                                  – Ground Water
             Zarqa River
           • Side Wadis (Streams) : Automatic gauging stations and
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Monitoring wells
             weirs                                                                                                                                                                                          • Water Meters
           • King Abdullah Canal : Ultra sonic, sub-merged water level
             sensors
           • Pressurized Networks :                                                                                                                                                                    – Non-Conventional Water
                                – Main Carriers: Flow meters (Ultra sonic OR Electro magnetic)
                                – Irrigation Networks: Water meters
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Treated Waste Water
           • Dams :                                                                                                                                                                                            – 16 treatment plants
                                – Inflows                                                                                                                                                                   • Brackish
                                – Outflows
                                                                                                                                                                                                               – Springs
                                – Surface level of dam lake
           • Diversion weirs                                                                                                                                                                                   – wells




                 Monitoring of Water Resources                                                                                                                                                              Automation of the king Abdullah canal

Monitoring of Water Quality :                                                                                                                                                                           • The project aims at the automatic monitoring and control
                                                                                                                                                                                                        of the 110 km long King Abdullah Canal (KAC) which is the
                                                                                                                                                                                                        backbone of the water conveyance and distribution system
•        Water samples analysis at MWI laboratories                                                                                                                                                     in the Jordan Valley.
     –     For drinking purposes
     –     For irrigation purposes                                                                                                                                                                      • All the inflows into the canal and the outflows from it are
                                                                                                                                                                                                         continually measured and observed at the control center.
•        Early Warning System at King Abdullah Canal
     –      6 monitoring stations                                                                                                                                                                       • The project is composed of 36 remote terminal units
                                                                                                                                                                                                         (RTU’s) installed along KAC and connected to the control
                                                                                                                                                                                                         center through 30 pairs underground cable.
•        National water quality monitoring network
     –      12 monitoring stations                                                                                                                                                                      • 28 check gates out of the 36 canal gates are automatically
                                                                                                                                                                                                         monitored and controlled from the control center
          Water Management Information System                                   Check Gate Schematic
                       (WMIS)

   •      The system is composed of a series of computer modules
          for the water management in the Jordan Valley.
          Seasonal, monthly and daily water balances are done to
          balance the available water resources with the demands for
          both irrigation and domestic uses.

   •      Historical Data are analyzed and validated, and reports are
          provided for the use of JVA management.




                           Upstream Sensor                                    Pumping Station Schematic




                                  WMIS Architecture

                                                                                   WMIS Database
                                   Control Center
                SCADA
                                                                                    Static Data
   Gate

                                                                                    Historical Data
                     NGD                   MGD                   SGD

                                                                                    Water Management Data
                                   SO3
               SO1                                       SO6
                      SO2           SO4          SO8
                                                                       SO10
                                                               SO9
                                          SO5
                            SO7




                        Next Steps
       • Upgrading the system from normal daily operation into
       Decision Support System (DSS)

       • This will include Extending the functions of the system to
       support the management decision makers at different levels.

       • Assets inventory will be included in the system in order
       to support sustainability and on-going activities towards
       implementing management contract for irrigation projects

       • Linking the system with GIS & Satellite images to monitor
       Irrigation water consumption.




The presentation had to be shortened due to lack of space. The full version will be made available
on the TPN 4 website.
India

  Asian Regional Thematic Programme Network
                    (TPN 4)                                 WATER RESOURCES
                                                                OF INDIA
             WORKING GROUP                                                                           BCM
                          ON
      TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE                                TOTAL RAIN FALL                          : 4000
                                                           TOTAL WATER AVAILABILITY : 1869
                          by
                                                           TOTAL UTILISABLE WATER
               M.S. AGRAWAL                                      SURFACE WATER                      : 690
    National Task Manager (TPN 4 - India)
                                                                 GROUND WATER                       : 432
        & Senior Joint Commissioner
        Ministry of Water Resources                                      TOTAL                      : 1122
            Government of India



         PER CAPITA WATER                                     PER CAPITA WATER
           AVAILABILITY                                       AVAILABILITY (2050)
      YEAR                         (cu m per year)       Average for the country : 1168 cu m per year
      2001 : Average for the country : 1829                                     (Nearing water scarcity)

      2001 : Varies    between 300 to 14000              Shall vary : between 187 to 8571 cu m per year
      2015 : Average for the country: 1557 (i.e. Water   30% of the area and 16% of population in the
                                    Stress Conditions)   country will be under absolute scarcity condition
                                                         i.e., water availability less than 500 cu m per year.
      2050 : Average for the country: 1168 (Nearing
                          Water Scarcity Conditions)     47% of the area and 55 % of population in the
                                                         country will be under scarcity condition i.e., water
                                                         availability less than 1000 cu m per year.




   Activities on Water Resources                          Activities on Water Resources
             Management                                         Management (contd)
                                                            Freshwater Year 2003 - Mass awareness
     Water resources development and                        programme which includes capacity
     management in India is done as a part of the           building, water conservation, preservation
     overall Five Year Plans of the country.                of eco-system with participation of
     Major chunk is covered under these plans               community.
     through internal funding. In selected
                                                            Rainwater harvesting programme for
     projects external assistance is obtained.
                                                            drinking water, irrigation and ground water
                                                            recharge.




                                                            Activities on Water Resources
   Activities on Water Resources                                   Management (contd)
          Management (contd)                              International Co-operation
    Command area development programme for                World Bank Supported Projects-The World bank
                                                           continues to be the primary source of external
    full utilisation of irrigation potential created       assistance in the water resources sector.This includes
    under command of any new water resources               Water resources Consolidation Projects(WRCP) and
    project.                                               Water Resources Restructuring Projects which are
                                                           the new generation irrigation projects assisted by
    Accelerated irrigation benefits programme              World Bank. These cover some of the schemes in
    which facilitates in completion of ongoing             arid and semi arid areas.
    irrigation and multipurpose projects.                  Assistance from European Economic
                                                           Community(EEC)-Some projects are being taken
                                                           up with the assistance of EEC.
   Activities on Water Resources                                                    Working Group on
          Management (contd)                                                      Traditional Knowledge
  International Co-operation (contd.)                                        Countries participating
    Dam Safety Assurance, Rehabilitation and                                  1    India                 7    Kyrgyzstan
    Disaster Management Project - with funding
                                                                              2    Qatar                 8    The Philippines
    from World Bank is under process. This covers
    important existing dams in the country.                                   3    Syria                 9    Sri Lanka
    Bilateral Assistance-Some projects are under                              4    Turkmenistan          10   Tajikistan
    progress with bilateral assistance of                                     5    Yemen                 11   Uzbekistan
    Japan,Germany,Netherlands,France and some are                             6    Iran                  12   Kazakhstan
    under consideration.




           BEST PRACTICES                                                                       .
                           ON
               TRADITIONAL
               KNOWLEDGE
                 IN INDIA


                                                               QANATS OR UNDERGROUND CANALS EXISTED IN INDIA AROUND 300 BC




                                                                                                                    G
                                                                                                                    E
                                                                                                                    C
                                                                                                                    O
                                                                                                                    L
                                                                                                                    O
                                                                                                                    G
                                                                                                                    I
                                                                                                                    C
                                                                                                                    A
                                                                                                                    L

                                                                                                                    R
                                                                                                                    E
                                                                                                                    G
                                                                                                                    I
                                                                                                                    O
                                                                                                                    N
                                                                                                                    S



LAYOUT OF A FIRST CENTURY BC HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING STRUCTURE




                                                       B
                                                       A
                                                       M
                                                       B
                                                       O
                                                       O

                                                       D
                                                       R
                                                       I
                                                       P
                                                       I
                                                       R
                                                       R
                                                       I
                                                       G
                                                       A
                                                       T
                                                       I
                                                       O
                                                       N

                                                       S
                                                       Y
                                                       S
                                                       T
                                                       E
                                                       M
                                                                 TANKAS,UNDERGROUND TANKS FOR DRINKING WATER
       SKETCH SHOWING WORKING OF A KUND
                                                                     BUHRAMPUR SCHEME TO COLLECT GROUND WATER




                                                                           National Institutions
                                                                     Central Water Commission
                                                                     Central Ground Water Board
                                                                     Central Water Academy
                                                                     Water Resources Development Training Centre,
                                                                     Roorkee
                                                                     State Irrigation / Water Resources Departments
                                                                     Water and Land Management Institutes
                                                                     Central Arid Zone Research Institute
                                                                     Indian Institutes of Technology / University of
                                                                     Roorkee
                                                                     Indian Agriculture Research Institute

A TRDITIONAL WATER HARVESTING SYSTEM IN SOUTH INDIA




       Scientific Information                                                         (2003-
                                                                       Central Budget (2003-04)
                                                                     BUDGET PRIORITIES (Year 2003-04)
      available on the subject                                        – Poverty eradication; addressing the ‘life time concerns’
                                                                        of citizens, covering health, housing, education and
  International Institutions :                                          employment;
    IWMI                                                              – Infrastructure development;
                                                                      – Fiscal consolidation through tax reforms and progressive
    ICARDA                                                              elimination of budgetary drags, including reform of the
                                                                        additional excise duty, introduction of service tax, and
    FAO                                                                 introduction of Value Added Tax (VAT) from
    WMO                                                                 April 1, 2003.
                                                                      – Agriculture and related aspects including irrigation;and
    CAZRI                                                             – Enhancing manufacturing sector efficiency, including
                                                                        promotion of exports and further acceleration of the
                                                                        reform process.




                     Proposals
              Future Proposals
                                                                               Proposals
                                                                        Future Proposals (contd.)
    Information Platform - Potentials
                                                                  Information Infrastructure
     – More information to be collected relating to techniques,
       topographical and environmental status, water use          – Traditional knowledge is location specific.
       pattern etc. on traditional methods                        – Structures/methods used were based on
    UN related activities                                           topographical, geographical pattern.
     – Being taken up by UNCCD                                    – Collection of data of all available traditional
    Objectives of lead country India                                structures / practices.
     – Steering the proposed activities purposefully to collect   – Analyse and evaluate suitability of the selected
       and disseminate maximum information on traditional           structures / practices for adoption.
       structures and examining its adaptability for future
       water resources management strategies for the country.     – Recommend National Governments for initiating
                                                                    and propagating selected practices.
                    Proposals
             Future Proposals (contd.)
   Specific information needs with a respect to                                Proposals
                                                                        Future Proposals (contd.)
   information platform                                         Output
    – Establishment of a web site                                – Analysis and recommendations
    – Capacity building and institutional strengthening          – Involving water users / local population in
        Involve national level research institutions               framing development plans
        Training professionals of participating countries        – Evolving strategies for drought proofing at micro
        Field visits                                               level
        Mass awareness programme
                                                                Exchange of information with participating
    – Data collection and documentation of drought-prone
                                                                countries
        areas
    – Identifying regions for detailed study and analysis       Framing implementation plan at micro level



CENESTA


                                                                        How it works
                       Qanat:
  Karez/ Surangam/ Foggara/ Falaj)
 (Karez/ Surangam/ Foggara/ Falaj)




                            Khadija Razavi
                 Centre for Sustainable Development
                           CENESTA, Iran




        Qanat:
        Qanat: a tunnel ground water
                                                                   The three work zones
            harvesting system
 • An ancient system
 • Global in geographic
   extent and history                                                                                                                                 Different
                                                                     We t wo rk-
 • Indigenous knowledge &                                              zo ne
                                                                                   Wet & d ry
                                                                                   wo rk-zo ne                           Dry wo rk-zo n e             techniques
   technology                                                                                                                                         are used
 • Still functional and                                                                                                                               for working
   productive                                                                                                                                         in each
                                                                                     Ph re
                                                                                             a tic                                   Pe ne tra b le   zone.
 • Falling into disrepair and                                                                        wa te
                                                                                                           r ta b
                                                                                                                    le
                                                                                                                                         lay e r



   neglect                                                                                                               Pe n e tra b le
                                                                                                                            la ye r


 • Victim of the
   modernisation mentality




 Aerial view of a qanat                                           mouth”
                                                            The “mouth”
  Isfahan)
 (Isfahan)
                                                            of the qanat
          Planning and Surveying                                        Construction system
                • The landscape is examined, and then a survey team
                  does assessment (geo-hydrological, geographic, soil
                  characteristics, agricultural…)

                                                                                             Windlass
                                                                                             system for
                                                                                             digging
                                                                                             (on top of a
                                                                                             vertical
                                                                                             shaft/ well)




                      wells…
          Digging the wells…




                                                                          Underground dams




                                                                                            system…
                                                                         Water distribution system…
                                                                                      clockworks…
                                                                         …works like clockworks…
Ingenius qanats of Kashan




The real                                                                                (abanbar)
                                                                            The cistern (abanbar)... A way station
water
managers…
managers…

…”oriental
…”oriental
despotism”
despotism” or
democracy at
work?
  Qanat:
  Qanat: a total system, for rural and
        areas…
  urban areas…




The Philippines

                Thematic Program Network (TPN) 4                        The problem…
    Water Resources Management for Agriculture in Arid, Semi-arid
                       and Sub humid lands                                • Increasing demand for food, environmental
                                                                            and water security
                 WORKING GROUP                                            • Competing use of water necessitates the
                                                                            need to harmonize uses for multiple benefits
                                                                          • Rainwater is excessive at particular periods
                                                                            but ironically not available and scarce when
               LEAD – Philippines                                           needed in upland, hilly and highlands

           Dr. Rogelio N. Concepcion
                                                                               Thus… Rainwater Harvesting




 Objective                                                           Specific objectives:
   • To contribute to an improved exchange of
     and access to information, management of                          1. To establish a database on-line on water
     available knowledge and experiences on                               harvesting, and promote information
     water harvesting allowing for integrated and                         exchange of available knowledge and
     sustainable management of water harvesting                           experiences among member-countries;
     facilities and their efficient use, the mitigation
     of drought effects, and a reduction and/or
     reversal of land degradation in practical
     agriculture.




 Specific objectives:                                               Specific objectives:
                                                                     3. To link stakeholders and partners in
     2. To establish an information                                     promoting awareness and effectively
        infrastructure for exchange and                                 managing water harvesting facilities
        linkages of available knowledge and
                                                                        particularly the efficient generation,
        experiences relevant to improving
        water harvesting in view of drought                             utilization, conservation of harvested water
        mitigation and avoiding land                                    and integrating the spatial, temporal and
        degradation;                                                    social dimensions for better water resources
                                                                        management;
 Specific objectives:                           Information infrastructure, exchange
                                                            and linkages
   4. To promote stakeholders and
                                                    Hardware
      institutional participation and enhance                                            Software

      their capacity in generating relevant                          Information
                                                                    for exchange
      data, updating and maintaining the                             and linkages
      database.


                                                                 Media for information
                                                                exchange and linkages




 Information for exchange and linkages          Information for exchange and linkages


    a. Scope                                          b. Content
         The information shall relate to                       • Water generation
         knowledge and experiences at sub-                     • Water utilization
         national levels relating to water                     • Water conservation
         harvesting.                                           • Stakeholders participation and
                                                                 capability building
                                                               • Institutional arrangements
                                                               • Community benefits




 Information for exchange and linkages

  c. Operational modalities

      How to go about it ???




ACSAD


                                                  Main Topics
                                                  Main Topics
                                                                W.R. Assessment
   The Arab Center for the Studies of                           W.R. Development
      Arid Zones and Dry Lands                                  W.R. Management
                                                                Specialists Training
Water Resources Division Activities                                      &
                                                                Knowledge Transfer
                   CA
                  ASD
  Water resources database structure in the Arab World
                                                                               Country
                                                                                                                                                                   x109         ‫ & ﺍﻟﻭﻁﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﻲ‬Demand in the Arab
                                                                                                                                                                          Available W.R. ‫ ﺍﻟﻤﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺌﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻁﻠﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺀ ﻓﻲ‬World

                            Unit                                                                                       Country
                           Level                                                                                         Level

        G.W.                                 Conceptual                               S.W.
       Basins                                Unit                                    Basins

        Years                      Years                                     Years                             Years
                                                                                                                                                     Years
                                                                  Monitoring                                                                       General
Water Use                Water Uses                                   ‫ﺷﺒﻜﺎت اﻟﺮﺻﺪ‬                    Available W.R.                                Info.
Economics                                                         Networks


                                                                                                                                                  Man Power
                 Reuse    Disal.       G.W.           S.W.                                Nontraditional               Traditional
                                                       ‫ة‬
                                                                                                                                                  National Est.

                                                                                                           G.W.Resources      S.W. Resources
                                                           G.W.           S.W.         Climate                                                    National Prog.


                                                                                                                                                  Available Maps
            Other Uses   Drinking          Industry        Agriculture                        W. Reuse             Desalination
                                                                                                                                                  Documentation&
                                                                                                                                                    DataBases

                                                                                                                                                   Resources                Water Demand
                                                                                                                                                   Evaluation                                        Expected Development of Water Resources
                                                                                        Used Water          Available Water
                                       Irrigation                                                                                                 Water Policy                    Agriculture        Water Deficit
  Economic Return          Cost                             Crop
                                       Efficiency                                                                                                                                 Industry           Water potentiality
                                                                                                  Industrial     Agricultural        Sanitation
                                                                                                                                                                                  Drinking           Water Development
                                                                                     Other Uses   W. Drain       W. Drain            W.Drain


                            (
                           ‫اﻟﻬﻴﻜﻞ اﻟﻌﺎم ﻟﻤﺼﺮف ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت اﻟﻮﻃﻦ اﻟﻌﺮﺏﻲ ) ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮى اﻟﺪوﻟﺔ‬




                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Design of Water
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Spreading
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  System

       Water Resources Development
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              In Wadi Mdeseis


       - Framework of Range Land Management




                                                                                                                                 Design of                                                                       Project Location

                                                                                                                         Hafier System

                                                                                                                        In Tenf Sabkha                                                                                   Wadi Dhuleil

                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Jordan




                                                                                                                        Water Conservation




                                                                                                                                                                      Relation / Rainfall – Runoff in different Soil Types




                                                                                                                 Plan of
                                                                                                               Construction
                                                                                                                  Work
                                                                                           Water Resources Status In The Arab World
                                                                                             Importance of Rational Management


                                                                                                            Water
                                                                                                                                                                          Depletion
                                                                                                          Resources
                                                                                                                                                                              &
                                                                                                          Limitation                            Rational
                                                                                                                                                                          Pollution
                                                                                                                                              Management

          Research
      S.W.R. Modelling
Calibration of Surface Runoff

                                                                                                                                     Increasing Of
                                                                                                                                     Water Demand




                                                                                Structure of integrated G.W. Resources DataBase System (ACSAD)
    Remote Senssing
   Remote Senssing                                          Available Studies
                                                           Available Studies    SYSTEMS                 Geographic Information System (GIS) & Relational Database Management System (RDBMS) & Graphics

                                                                                  KEY
                                                                                 INPUT                                       General Site Data (Well Identification ,Coordinates, Location )

                       Geological–Hydrological-Tectonic
                      Geological–Hydrological-Tectonic     State of Knowledge
         Base Map                                         State of Knowledge
        Base Map                                                                  Data     Lithology &               Well                Pumping Tests
                                                                                                                                           Pumping
                                                                                                                                                                  Chemical
                                                                                                                                                                  Chemical              Water Level
                                                                                                                                                                                        Water Level           Exploitation
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Exploitation
                                                                                 BASES     Stratigraphy           Construction                                    Analysis
                                                                                                                                            Tests                  Analysis

                                                                                                                                     Single      Battery           General
                             Conceptual Model
                            Conceptual Model                                                Lithology              General            Test        Test            Properties
                                                                                                                                                                  Major Ions
                                                              Field Survey                                                         Pumping      Observation
                                                             Field Survey                  Paleontology            Drilling
                                                                                  SUB                                                Well          Well           Minor Ions
   Thematic Maps                                                                 DATA
   Vegitation cover            Model Input
                               Model Input                                       BASES
                                                                                                                    Casing
                                                                                                                                 Discharge &    Drawdown         Rare Elements
                                                                                                                                 Drawdown         Data
  Land & Water use                                                                                                                   Data                         Biochemical
                                                                                            Available
                                                                                           Geophysical             Packing                 Hydraulic
                                                              Periodical
                                                             Periodical                       Data                                        Parameters
                                                                                                                                                                   Isotopes
                            Model Calibration
                            Model Calibration                Monitoring
                                                             Monitoring         OUTPUTS:
                                                                                REPORTS                 Complete Well Report                                                   Special Reports for Selected Wells

                                                                                                   Lithology &                                      Piper &                             Two Dimendional Graphics :
                                                                                GRAPHICS
                                                                                                   Stratig. Log                                 Stiff Diagrams                                   W.L.
                          Scenarios & Pridiction
                                                                                 MAPS
                                                                                                                                   Thematic Maps Covering Multi Query Conditions
                                                                                                                                                    Basic Map
                                                                                                                                                  Sub Basin Map
                                                                                                                                               Geological Map……
                                                                                                                                                         .




          The Arab Center for the Studies of Arid
                   zones and Dry lands
                        (ACSAD)




       ‫ﻧﻈﺎم ﺏﻨﻚ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت اﻟﻤﻮارد اﻟﻤﺎﺋﻴﺔ اﻟﺠﻮﻓﻴﺔ‬                                                                     Some of Input Data Forms
                                                                                                                             (G.W.)




            Some of Input Data Forms
                    (Climate)                                                                                                       (Query)
             Main Constrains in W.R.                                            • Upgrading of Skills & Knowledge
              Development Projects:                                             • Exchange of Experience
                                                                                • Upgrading of Available Studies
       • Insufficient & Unreliable Data                                         • Management
                                                                                • Maintenance
                                                                                • Application of new Technologies?
       • Insufficient & Inconvenient Studies                                    • Government Support to Farmers, Infrastructure,
                                                                                  Loan…
                                                                                  Loan…
                                                                                • Upgrading & Developing D.M.S. in Studies & Project
                                                                                • Developing of D.S.S.
       • Under or Over Estimation of the Results                                • Follow up
          i.e.                               Impact…
         (i.e. Cost, Benefits, Environmental Impact…)
                                                                                • Paying More Attention to Recommendations




The presentation had to be shortened due to lack of space. The full version will be made available
on the TPN 4 website.

TPN 5 Task Manager

     Workshop on Establishment of the Information Platform for the TPN4
                      5-7 March 2003, Bonn, Germany
                                                                                                          CONTENTS:

          Thematic Programme Network (TPN) for Regional
      Cooperation under the Convention to Combat Desertification
                                                                                    •Status of TPN5
                                                                                    •Linkages of TPN5 and TPN4
          The status of TPN5 and
                                                                                    •Planned Actions of TPN5
            linkages between
              TPN5 and TPN4


                                                               status of TPN5                                                                  status of TPN5




        24 NATIONAL PARTICIPANTS ATTENTED THE
        MEETING WITH THE REPRESENTATIVE OF
                                                                                    Environmental Education &
        THE UNCCD SECRETARIAT AND THE ESCAP.                                        Research Institute ECOASIA   Institute of Hydrometereology




                                                                                                                      •Development and Environment center
                                                                                                                      •Development and Environment Center
                                                                                                                      •Mongolian Metereological Society
                                                                                                                      •Mongolian Meteorological Society




                                                               status of TPN5                                                                          status of TPN5



             CO-FOCAL INSTITUTIONS:
             CO-                                                                             CO-
                                                                                             CO-FOCAL INSTITUTIONS:

      1.ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION &                                                          2.INSTITUTE OF HYDROMETEOROLOGY
     RESEARCH INSTITUTE “ECO ASIA”
 •      Promote national capacity of preparing DEW system                                  •Create database of Hydrometeorology &drought
 •      Training and research                                                              •Weather forecasting
 •      Improve public awareness on mitigating drought and                                 • Long term forecasting
       combating desertification                                                           • Climate change studies
 •      Create database of drought and desertification                                     • Processing & analyzing of HM data
 •      Build up policy on preventing drought and mitigate it’s impact                     • Pasture degradation studies
 •     Adopt task management strategy TPN5
 •     Enhance international cooperation on environmental issues
 •     Develop TPN5 Network
                                                status of TPN5                                                   status of TPN5



                                                                       Consutation Meeting proposed the 5 Support
                                                                                   Programmes (SP):


                                                                 1. Drought Monitoring/Assessment and Early
                                                                    Warning Systems
                                                                 2. Integrated Land and Water management
                                                                 3. Resource mobilization and partnership building
                                                                 4. Information network development
                                                                 5. Development and implementation of specific
                                                                    capacity building activities




                                                status of TPN5




IDENTIFYING PRIORITY ACTIVITIES
SUCH AS,                                                         LINKING CAPACITY BUILDING
                                                                                     TPN1-
                                                                 COMPONENTS OF THE TPN1-4:
                     MONITORING, ASSESSMENT
                     AND EARLY WARNING SYSTEM                          • HUMAN CAPABILITY
                                                                       • SCIENTIFIC, TECHNOLOGICAL
                     INTEGRATED LAND AND
                     WATER MANAGEMENT
                                                                         CAPABILITY
                                                                       • INSTITUTIONAL CAPABILITY
                                                                       • RESOURCE CAPABILITY



                                                status of TPN5




   CREATE WEBSITE OF TPN5:
              JULY – NOVEMBER 2004


     •
     •
         OBJECTIVES
         PROGRAMME ACTIVITIES
                                                                    LINKAGES OF TPN4
     •   EXPECTED OUTPUTS                                               AND TPN5
     •   PARTNERSHIPS
     •   FINANCIAL RESOURCES



                                     linkages of TPN4 and TPN5                                        linkages of TPN4 and TPN5

       TPN4 (Water Resource Management for
      Agriculture in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-                        TPN5 (Strengthening capacity for mitigating
                     humid areas):                                       drought impact and Desertification Control)


 Objective:
                                                                 Priority activities:
   •To reduce Land degradation & desertification
   and mitigate the drought effects in arid, semi-                 • Drought Monitoring & Assessment, Early
   arid and sub-humid areas of Asia through                           Warning System
   more rational & efficient use of water
   resources in agriculture                                        • Integrated Land and Water Management
                                  linkages of TPN4 and TPN5                               linkages of TPN4 and TPN5

          Linking the capacity building
           components of the TPN 1-4                                Linkages of TPN4 and TPN5
                   with TPN5

     • Human capability
                                                              • Exchange information of drought
     • Scientific and Technological capability
                                                               monitoring & assessment
     • Institutional capability
     • Resource capability
                                                              • Transfer technology on integrated land
                                                                & water resource management



                                  linkages of TPN4 and TPN5



        Linkages of TPN4 and TPN5


   • Establishment of Joint Platform on
     information exchange & knowledge


   • Development of Human and
     Technological Capabilities




The presentation had to be shortened due to lack of space. The full version will be made available
on the TPN 4 website.