Chapter 19 Industrial Revolution

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					                          Chapter 19 Industrial Revolution                   Negative effects of industrialization
Transportation of Resources                                                  Child Labor
- Moving natural resources to eastern factories                              Low wages, Long Hours
- Moving iron ore deposits to sites of steel mills                           Unsafe working conditions
- Transporting finished products to national markets                         UNIONS
FACTORS OF INDUSTRIAL GROWTH                                                 - AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR: LED BY SAMUEL GOMPERS—
- Access to raw materials and energy                                         UTILIZED STRIKES
- Availability of work force                                                 - THE USE OF STRIKES PLACED EMPLOYERS AND WORKERS IN A
- Inventions                                                                 VERY HARSH RELATIONSHIP
- Financial resources                                                        EXAMPLE OF STRIKES:
Inventions for Industry                                                      -HOMESTEAD STRIKE (1892) THE ASSOCIATION OF IRON & STEEL
-Lighting and mechanical uses for electricity (Thomas Edison)                WENT ON STRIKE AGAINST CARNEGIE STEEL OVER A WAGE CUT
-Telephone service (Alexander Graham Bell)
- In 1903 Orville & Wilbur Wright invented the airplane.                     -FIGHT BETWEEN STRIKING WORKERS & GUARDS LED TO INJURIES
-The first flight was at Kitty Hawk North Carloina                           AND DEATHS…MOST LEFT UNION AND WENT BACK TO WORK
CARNEGIE & STEEL                                                             AFTERWARDS
- Carnegie(13) worked as a bobbin boy for $1.20 week
- Carnegie invested in iron rails and locomotives
STEELMAKING
- Carnegie shifted from iron to steel making
- Steel is stronger & easier to work with
- Bessemer process - made steel quickly and cheaply
- Carnegie opened the largest American steel plant & Prospered
- 1900 The US made more steel than any other country
- Carnegie made more steel than any other company in the world
- Rockefeller formed the Standard Oil Company & aimed at gaining control
- 1882 Standard Oil adopted a trust
Importance of Big Business
- 1900 2/3 of manufactured goods were being produced by giant corporations
- Monopoly
Examples of Big Business
Railroads
Oil
Steel
Captains of Industry – Rockefeller, Ford, Carnegie
Reasons for rise and prosperity of big business
- National markets created by transportation advances
- Advertising
- Lower – cost production
- Captains of industry
Manufacturing
- Manufacturing areas were clustered near centers of population
- Textile industry – New England
- Automobile Industry – Detroit
- Steel – Pittsburgh
- Meat Packing -Chicago