CHAPTER 19 AND 20 TEST by img20336

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									                                 UNIT EIGHT STUDY GUIDE
1. In what country did the Industrial Revolution begin: ________________________
2. Why did it start there: _________________________________________________________________
3. The first industry affected by the Revolution was ____________________
4. Invention that was crucial to the Revolution: __________________________________
5. The Industrial Revolution led to a decrease in jobs in ______________________
6. 2/3 of the British workforce were made up of ________________________________________
7. What was a social change of the Industrial Revolution: _______________________________________
8. System of manufacturing large numbers of identical parts: ___________________________________
9. Identical machine-made parts: _____________________________
10. Product moves from worker to worker, who each performs a specific step: ________________________
11. Who wrote the Communist Manifesto: _____________________________________
12. Name of the oppressed working class: _________________________________________
13. Name of the group who owned everything and were the oppressors: ___________________________
14. What did Marx believe would happen: ____________________________________________________
15. Who were the Luddites: _______________________________________________________________
16. What was the purpose of trade unions, socialism, and communism: _____________________________
    ___________________________________________________________________
17. The peace settlement following the defeat of Napoleon was developed at ___________________
18. Who was the leader of the Congress: ______________________________
19. What were the goals:
        a. ____________________________                    d. ___________________________________
        b. ____________________________                    e. ___________________________________
        c. __________________________________
20. Define the principal of legitimacy: _______________________________________________________
21. After Napoleon, France was governed until 1830 by ______________________________________
22. Define principle of intervention: _________________________________________________________
23. What was created to keep peace and stability in Europe: ________________________________
24. Political philosophy based on tradition and social stability, don’t like change: _____________________
25. Political philosophy that believes people should be as free as possible from gov’t restraint: ___________
26. Idea that people are part of a community with common traditions, languages, and customs: __________
27. What happened in the Decembrist Revolt: _________________________________________________
28. Which European nation had a successful Revolution in 1848: _____________________
29. Which European nations did not have a revolution in 1848: ____________________________________
30. How were they able to avoid revolutions: __________________________________________________
31. What two things did the Italians and Germans want in the 1848 Revolution:
    _____________________________________________________
32. What did people in the Austrian empire want in 1848: _______________________________________
33. Collection of different people under one gov’t: ______________________________________________
34. What was a reason for France having a revolution in 1848: ____________________________________
    _____________________________________________________________________________
35. What destroyed the Concert of Europe: __________________________________
36. Who fought in this war: __________________________________________
37. What state do the Italians turn to for unification: ____________________________________________
38. What person is responsible for uniting northern Italy: ___________________________


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39. What person is responsible for uniting Southern Italy with the help of the Red Shirts: _______________
40. What state do the Germans turn to for unification: _________________________________
41. What person is responsible for German unification: __________________________________
42. What did the Italian and German states use to unify: _______________________
43. What phrase does Bismarck use to mean he will use the military and war to gain unification:
    ______________________________________
44. What was the effect of the Franco-Prussian War: ____________________________________________
45. Who becomes president in the Second French Republic: _____________________________________
46. What does he restore in 1852:__________________________________________
47. What was his new title: ______________________________________
48. What did the Compromise of 1867 create: _________________________________________________
49. Why was nationalism still a problem for A-H: ______________________________________________
50. Describe Russia in the 1800s: ___________________________________________________________
51. What happens when Czar Alexander II frees the serfs: ________________________________________
52. What happened on “Bloody Sunday”: _____________________________________________________
53. Name of the legislative assembly created by Czar Nicolas II: ________________
54. Define manifest destiny: _______________________________________________________________
55. What was the main cause of the US Civil War: ___________________________________________
56. To withdraw (the South did this): ____________________________
57. A movement to end slavery: ______________________________
58. The act of setting free: ____________________________________
59. Who wins the Spanish-American War: __________________________________
60. What do they gain: ____________________________________________________________________
61. In the 1800s, the U.S. gained territory due to:
        a. ____________________________________                   c. __________________________________
        b. ____________________________________                   d. __________________________________
62. What three things do Europeans want in the 1800s: __________________________________________
    _____________________________________________________________________________
63. What two European nations largely ignore the democratic system: ______________________________
64. Who were the liberators of South America: ________________________________________________
65. These men led the independence movement against what nation: _________________________
66. The U.S. guarantees the independence of the new Latin American nations: _______________________
67. Why did the population of Ireland decline in the 1840s: _______________________________________
68. Which nation was the most stable in Europe: _____________________________________
69. All adult men can vote: ____________________________________________________
70. People in Great Britain present a petition asking for the secret ballot and universal male suffrage:
    ____________________________________________


   70 Total Questions
          - 42 Multiple Choice
          - 28 Matching
   Plus 8 Bonus




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