1997 Census-Utilities_ Geographic Area Series_ Ohio

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					Ohio                                                               1997
                                                                   Issued December 1999


                                                                   EC97T22A-OH




1997 Economic Census
Utilities
Geographic Area Series




                         U.S. Department of Commerce
                         Economics and Statistics Administration
                         U.S. CENSUS BUREAU
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS


                  Many persons participated in the various       The Geography Division staff developed
                  activities of the 1997 Economic Census for     geographic coding procedures and associ-
                  the Utilities sector.                          ated computer programs.
                  Service Sector Statistics Division prepared
                                                                 The Economic Statistical Methods and Pro-
                  this report. Bobby E. Russell, Assistant
                                                                 gramming Division, Charles P. Pautler Jr,
                  Chief for Census Programs, was respon-
                                                                 Chief, developed and coordinated the com-
                  sible for the overall planning, manage-
                                                                 puter processing systems. Martin S.
                  ment, and coordination. Planning and
                  implementation were under the direction        Harahush, Assistant Chief for Quinquen-
                  of Steven M. Roman, Chief, Utilities and       nial Programs, was responsible for design
                  Financial Census Branch, assisted by           and implementation of the computer sys-
                  Pamela J. Palmer. Primary staff                tems. Robert S. Jewett and Barbara L.
                  assistance was provided by Diane M.            Lambert provided special computer pro-
                  Carodiskey-Beeson, Sandra K. Creech,           gramming. William C. Wester, Chief, Ser-
                  Carrie A. Hill, Amy R. Houtz, Lori E.          vices Branch, assisted by Robert A. Hill,
                  Inman, Debra G. Karrels and                    Dennis P. Kelly, and Jeffrey S. Rosen,
                  Douglas A. Smyly.                              supervised the preparation of the com-
                                                                 puter programs. Additional programming
                  Mathematical and statistical techniques as
                                                                 assistance was provided by Donell D.
                  well as the coverage operations were pro-
                                                                 Barnes, Daniel C. Collier, Gilbert J.
                  vided by Carl A. Konschnik, Assistant
                                                                 Flodine, David Hiller, Leatrice D.
                  Chief for Research and Methodology,
                                                                 Hines, William D. McClain, Jay L.
                  assisted by Carol S. King, Chief, Statisti-
                                                                 Norris, Sarah J. Presley, and Michael A.
                  cal Methods Branch, and Jock R. Black,
                                                                 Sendelbach.
                  Chief, Program Research and Development
                  Branch, with staff assistance from             Computer Services Division, Debra D.
                  Maria C. Cruz and David L. Kinyon.             Williams, Chief, performed the computer
                  The Economic Planning and Coordination         processing.
                  Division provided overall planning and         Kim D. Ottenstein and Margaret A.
                  review of many operations and the com-         Smith of the Administrative and Customer
                  puter processing procedures. Shirin A.         Services Division, Walter C. Odom, Chief,
                  Ahmed, Assistant Chief for Post-Collection     provided publications and printing man-
                  Processing, was responsible for edit proce-    agement, graphics design and composi-
                  dures and designing the interactive ana-       tion, and editorial review for print and
                  lytical software. Design and specifications    electronic media. General direction and
                  were prepared under the supervision of         production management were provided by
                  Dennis L. Shoemaker, Chief, Census Pro-        Michael G. Garland, Assistant Division
                  cessing Branch, assisted by John D.            Chief, and Gary J. Lauffer, Chief, Publica-
                  Ward. Primary staff assistance was pro-        tions Services Branch.
                  vided by Sonya P. Curcio, Richard W.
                  Graham, and Cheryl E. Merkle. The Eco-         Special acknowledgment is also due the
                  nomic Product Team, with primary contri-       many businesses whose cooperation has
                  butions from Andrew W. Hait and                contributed to the publication of these
                  Jennifer E. Lins, was responsible for the      data.
                  development of the system to disseminate
                  1997 Economic Census reports.
                  The staff of the National Processing Center,
                  Judith N. Petty, Chief, performed mailout
                  preparation and receipt operations, clerical
                  and analytical review activities, and data
                  entry.
                     Ohio            1997
                                     Issued December 1999


                                     EC97T22A-OH




  1997 Economic Census
                       Utilities
       Geographic Area Series




U.S. Department of Commerce
            William M. Daley,
                     Secretary
            Robert L. Mallett,
              Deputy Secretary

                     Economics
                 and Statistics
                Administration
              Robert J. Shapiro,
              Under Secretary for
                Economic Affairs

             U.S. CENSUS BUREAU
                 Kenneth Prewitt,
                          Director
      ECONOMICS
   AND STATISTICS
  ADMINISTRATION



Economics
and Statistics
Administration
Robert J. Shapiro,
Under Secretary
for Economic Affairs




U.S. CENSUS BUREAU
Kenneth Prewitt,
Director
William G. Barron,
Deputy Director
Paula J. Schneider,
Principal Associate Director
for Programs
Frederick T. Knickerbocker,
Associate Director
for Economic Programs
Thomas L. Mesenbourg,
Assistant Director
for Economic Programs

Carole A. Ambler,
Chief, Service Sector
Statistics Division
                 CONTENTS




                                           Introduction to the Economic Census                         1
                                           Utilities                                                   5

                                           TABLES

                                           1.      Summary Statistics for the State: 1997              7
                                           2.      Summary Statistics for Metropolitan Areas: 1997     7

                                           APPENDIXES

                                           A.      Explanation of Terms                              A–1
                                           B.      NAICS Codes, Titles, and Descriptions             B–1
                                           C.      Coverage and Methodology                          C–1
                                           D.      Geographic Notes                                  D–1
                                           E.      Metropolitan Areas                                E–1




UTILITIES GEOG. AREA SERIES                                                                                OHIO   iii
U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census   Dec. 29, 1999
Introduction to the Economic Census


PURPOSES AND USES OF THE ECONOMIC CENSUS                         52        Finance and Insurance
                                                                 53        Real Estate and Rental and Leasing
    The economic census is the major source of facts about
                                                                 54        Professional, Scientific, and Technical
the structure and functioning of the Nation’s economy. It
                                                                           Services
provides essential information for government, business,
                                                                 55        Management of Companies and Enterprises
industry, and the general public. Title 13 of the United
                                                                 56        Administrative and Support and Waste
States Code (Sections 131, 191, and 224) directs the Cen-
                                                                           Management and Remediation Services
sus Bureau to take the economic census every 5 years,
                                                                 61        Educational Services
covering years ending in 2 and 7.
                                                                 62        Health Care and Social Assistance
    The economic census furnishes an important part of the
                                                                 71        Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation
framework for such composite measures as the gross
                                                                 72        Accommodation and Foodservices
domestic product estimates, input/output measures, pro-
                                                                 81        Other Services (except Public Administration)
duction and price indexes, and other statistical series that
measure short-term changes in economic conditions. Spe-        (Not listed above are the Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and
cific uses of economic census data include the following:      Hunting sector (NAICS 11), partially covered by the census
                                                               of agriculture conducted by the U.S. Department of Agri-
• Policymaking agencies of the Federal Government use          culture, and the Public Administration sector (NAICS 92),
  the data to monitor economic activity and assess the         covered by the census of governments conducted by the
  effectiveness of policies.                                   Census Bureau.)
• State and local governments use the data to assess               The 20 NAICS sectors are subdivided into 96 subsectors
  business activities and tax bases within their jurisdic-     (three-digit codes), 313 industry groups (four-digit codes),
  tions and to develop programs to attract business.           and, as implemented in the United States, 1170 industries
                                                               (five- and six-digit codes).
• Trade associations study trends in their own and com-
  peting industries, which allows them to keep their mem-      RELATIONSHIP TO SIC
  bers informed of market changes.                                 While many of the individual NAICS industries corre-
• Individual businesses use the data to locate potential       spond directly to industries as defined under the SIC sys-
  markets and to analyze their own production and sales        tem, most of the higher level groupings do not. Particular
  performance relative to industry or area averages.           care should be taken in comparing data for retail trade,
                                                               wholesale trade, and manufacturing, which are sector
ALL-NEW INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATIONS                               titles used in both NAICS and SIC, but cover somewhat dif-
                                                               ferent groups of industries. The industry definitions dis-
   Data from the 1997 Economic Census are published pri-       cuss the relationships between NAICS and SIC industries.
marily on the basis of the North American Industry Classi-     Where changes are significant, it will not be possible to
fication System (NAICS), unlike earlier censuses, which        construct time series that include data for points both
were published according to the Standard Industrial Classi-    before and after 1997.
fication (SIC) system. NAICS is in the process of being            For 1997, data for auxiliary establishments (those func-
adopted in the United States, Canada, and Mexico. Most         tioning primarily to manage, service, or support the activi-
economic census reports cover one of the following NAICS       ties of their company’s operating establishments, such as
sectors:                                                       a central administrative office or warehouse) will not be
                                                               included in the sector-specific reports. These data will be
   21           Mining                                         published separately.
   22           Utilities
   23           Construction                                   GEOGRAPHIC AREA CODING
   31-33        Manufacturing                                     Accurate and complete information on the physical
   42           Wholesale Trade                                location of each establishment is required to tabulate the
   44-45        Retail Trade                                   census data for the states, metropolitan areas (MAs), coun-
   48-49        Transportation and Warehousing                 ties, parishes, and corporate municipalities including cit-
   51           Information                                    ies, towns, villages, and boroughs. Respondents were

1997 ECONOMIC CENSUS                                                                                    INTRODUCTION       1
U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census
required to report their physical location (street address,    Manufacturing and Construction Division            301-457-4673
municipality, county, and state) if it differed from their     Service Sector Statistics Division                 301-457-2668
mailing address. For establishments not surveyed by mail
(and those single-establishment companies that did not
                                                               HISTORICAL INFORMATION
provide acceptable information on physical location), loca-
tion information from Internal Revenue Service tax forms          The economic census has been taken as an integrated
is used as a basis for coding.                                 program at 5-year intervals since 1967 and before that for
                                                               1954, 1958, and 1963. Prior to that time, individual com-
BASIS OF REPORTING                                             ponents of the economic census were taken separately at
                                                               varying intervals.
   The economic census is conducted on an establishment
basis. A company operating at more than one location is            The economic census traces its beginnings to the 1810
required to file a separate report for each store, factory,    Decennial Census, when questions on manufacturing were
shop, or other location. Each establishment is assigned a      included with those for population. Coverage of economic
separate industry classification based on its primary activ-   activities was expanded for the 1840 Decennial Census
ity and not that of its parent company.                        and subsequent censuses to include mining and some
                                                               commercial activities. The 1905 Manufactures Census was
DOLLAR VALUES                                                  the first time a census was taken apart from the regular
                                                               decennial population census. Censuses covering retail and
   All dollar values presented are expressed in current dol-   wholesale trade and construction industries were added in
lars; i.e., 1997 data are expressed in 1997 dollars, and       1930, as were some covering service trades in 1933. Cen-
1992 data, in 1992 dollars. Consequently, when making          suses of construction, manufacturing, and the other busi-
comparisons with prior years, users of the data should         ness service censuses were suspended during World War
consider the changes in prices that have occurred.             II.
    All dollar values are shown in thousands of dollars.          The 1954 Economic Census was the first census to be
                                                               fully integrated: providing comparable census data across
AVAILABILITY OF ADDITIONAL DATA                                economic sectors, using consistent time periods, con-
                                                               cepts, definitions, classifications, and reporting units. It
Reports in Print and Electronic Media                          was the first census to be taken by mail, using lists of
                                                               firms provided by the administrative records of other Fed-
   All results of the 1997 Economic Census are available       eral agencies. Since 1963, administrative records also
on the Census Bureau Internet site (www.census.gov) and        have been used to provide basic statistics for very small
on compact discs (CD-ROM) for sale by the Census Bureau.       firms, reducing or eliminating the need to send them cen-
Unlike previous censuses, only selected highlights are         sus questionnaires.
published in printed reports. For more information, includ-
                                                                   The range of industries covered in the economic cen-
ing a description of electronic and printed reports being
                                                               suses expanded between 1967 and 1992. The census of
issued, see the Internet site, or write to U.S. Census
                                                               construction industries began on a regular basis in 1967,
Bureau, Washington, DC 20233-8300, or call Customer
                                                               and the scope of service industries, introduced in 1933,
Services at 301-457-4100.
                                                               was broadened in 1967, 1977, and 1987. While a few
                                                               transportation industries were covered as early as 1963, it
Special Tabulations
                                                               was not until 1992 that the census broadened to include
   Special tabulations of data collected in the 1997 Eco-      all of transportation, communications, and utilities. Also
nomic Census may be obtained, depending on availability        new for 1992 was coverage of financial, insurance, and
of time and personnel, in electronic or tabular form. The      real estate industries. With these additions, the economic
data will be summaries subject to the same rules prohibit-     census and the separate census of governments and cen-
ing disclosure of confidential information (including name,    sus of agriculture collectively covered roughly 98 percent
address, kind of business, or other data for individual        of all economic activity.
business establishments or companies) that govern the             Printed statistical reports from the 1992 and earlier
regular publications.                                          censuses provide historical figures for the study of long-
   Special tabulations are prepared on a cost basis. A         term time series and are available in some large libraries.
request for a cost estimate, as well as exact specifications   All of the census reports printed since 1967 are still avail-
on the type and format of the data to be provided, should      able for sale on microfiche from the Census Bureau.
be directed to the Chief of the division named below, U.S.     CD-ROMs issued from the 1987 and 1992 Economic Cen-
Census Bureau, Washington, DC 20233-8300. To discuss a         suses contain databases including nearly all data pub-
special tabulation before submitting specifications, call      lished in print, plus additional statistics, such as ZIP Code
the appropriate division:                                      statistics, published only on CD-ROM.

2   INTRODUCTION                                                                                  1997 ECONOMIC CENSUS
                                                                                              U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census
SOURCES FOR MORE INFORMATION                                        V      Represents less than 50 vehicles or .05
                                                                           percent.
   More information about the scope, coverage, classifica-
                                                                    X      Not applicable.
tion system, data items, and publications for each of the
                                                                    Y      Disclosure withheld because of insufficient
economic censuses and related surveys is published in the
                                                                           coverage of merchandise lines.
Guide to the 1997 Economic Census and Related Statistics
                                                                    Z      Less than half the unit shown.
at www.census.gov/econguide. More information on the
                                                                    a      0 to 19 employees.
methodology, procedures, and history of the censuses will
                                                                    b      20 to 99 employees.
be published in the History of the 1997 Economic Census
                                                                    c      100 to 249 employees.
at www.census.gov/econ/www/history.html.
                                                                    e      250 to 499 employees.
                                                                    f      500 to 999 employees.
ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS
                                                                    g      1,000 to 2,499 employees.
   The following abbreviations and symbols are used with            h      2,500 to 4,999 employees.
the 1997 Economic Census data:                                      i      5,000 to 9,999 employees.
                                                                    j      10,000 to 24,999 employees.
   A            Standard error of 100 percent or more.              k      25,000 to 49,999 employees.
   D            Withheld to avoid disclosing data of individual     l      50,000 to 99,999 employees.
                companies; data are included in higher level        m      100,000 employees or more.
                totals.                                             p      10 to 19 percent estimated.
   F            Exceeds 100 percent because data include            q      20 to 29 percent estimated.
                establishments with payroll exceeding rev-          r      Revised.
                enue.                                               s      Sampling error exceeds 40 percent.
   N            Not available or not comparable.                    nec    Not elsewhere classified.
   Q            Revenue not collected at this level of detail for   nsk    Not specified by kind.
                multiestablishment firms.                           –      Represents zero (page image/print only).
   S            Withheld because estimates did not meet             (CC)   Consolidated city.
                publication standards.                              (IC)   Independent city.




1997 ECONOMIC CENSUS                                                                                  INTRODUCTION       3
U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census
                   This page is intentionally blank.




4   INTRODUCTION                                           1997 ECONOMIC CENSUS
                                                       U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census
Utilities


SCOPE                                                            of industry-specific questions. Presentation of data varies
                                                                 by kind of business.
   The Utilities sector (sector 22) comprises establish-
ments engaged in the provision of the following utility ser-
vices: electric power, natural gas, steam supply, water sup-     GEOGRAPHIC AREAS COVERED
ply, sewage removal. Within this sector, the specific
                                                                   The level of geographic detail varies by report. Data
activities associated with the utility services provided vary
                                                                 may be presented for:
by utility: electric power includes generation, transmis-
sion, and distribution; natural gas includes distribution;       1. The United States as a whole.
steam supply includes provision and/or distribution; water
supply includes treatment and distribution; and sewage           2. States and the District of Columbia.
removal includes collection, treatment, and disposal of
waste through sewer systems and sewage treatment facili-         3. Consolidated metropolitan statistical areas (CMSAs)
ties.                                                               and primary metropolitan statistical areas (PMSAs)
   Excluded from this sector are establishments primarily           defined by the Office of Management and Budget
engaged in waste management services classified in Sub-             (OMB) as of June 30, 1997. A CMSA is an area used to
sector 562, Waste Management and Remediation Services.              facilitate the presentation and analysis of data for
These establishments also collect, treat, and dispose of            large concentrations of metropolitan populations. It
waste materials; however, they do not use sewer systems             includes two or more contiguous PMSAs which have a
or sewage treatment facilities.                                     population of at least 1,000,000 (according to the
                                                                    1990 Census of Population or subsequent special cen-
GENERAL                                                             sus) and which meet specific criteria of urban charac-
   A list of reports that provide statistics on sector 22 fol-      ter and of social and economic integration.
lows.
                                                                 4. Metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) defined by the
Geographic area report. There is a separate report for              OMB as of June 30, 1997. An MSA is an integrated eco-
each state, the District of Columbia, and the United States.        nomic and social unit with a population nucleus of at
Each state report presents general statistics on number of          least 50,000 inhabitants (according to the 1990 Cen-
establishments, revenue, payroll, and establishments with           sus of Population or subsequent special census). Each
employment by kind of business for the state and metro-             MSA consists of one or more counties meeting stan-
politan areas (MAs). Greater kind-of-business detail is             dards of metropolitan character. In New England, cities
shown for larger areas. The United States report presents           and towns rather than counties are the component
data for the United States as a whole.                              geographic units.

Sources of revenue report. This report presents
                                                                 COMPARABILITY OF THE 1992 AND 1997 CENSUSES
sources of revenue data for establishments by kind of
business. Data are presented for the United States.                 The 1997 Economic Census is the first census to
                                                                 present data based on the new North American Industry
Establishment and firm size (including legal form of
                                                                 Classification System (NAICS). Previous census data were
organization) report. This report presents revenue,
                                                                 presented according to the Standard Industrial Classifica-
payroll, and employment data for the United States by rev-
                                                                 tion (SIC) system developed some 60 years ago. Due to
enue size, by employment size, and by legal form of orga-
                                                                 this change, comparability between census years may be
nization for establishments with paid employees; and by
                                                                 limited. Comparative statistics will be included as part of
revenue size (including concentration by largest firms), by
                                                                 the Core Business Statistics Reports.
employment size, and by number of establishments oper-
ated (single units and multiunits) for firms with paid
employees.                                                       DISCLOSURE

Miscellaneous subjects report. This report presents                 In accordance with Federal law governing census
data for establishments with paid employees for a variety        reports (Title 13 of the United States Code), no data are

1997 ECONOMIC CENSUS                                                                                            UTILITIES      5
U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census
published that would disclose the operations of an              AVAILABILITY OF MORE FREQUENT ECONOMIC
individual establishment or business. However, the num-         DATA
ber of establishments in a kind-of-business classification is
                                                                   The Census Bureau’s County Business Patterns program
not considered a disclosure; therefore, this information
                                                                offers annual statistics on the number of establishments,
may be released even though other information is with-
                                                                employment, and payroll classified by industry within
held.                                                           each county.




6   UTILITIES                                                                                    1997 ECONOMIC CENSUS
                                                                                             U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census
Table 1.          Summary Statistics for the State: 1997
[Includes only establishments with payroll. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text. For explanation of terms, see Appendix A]

                                                                                                                                                                           Paid   Percent of revenue
                                                                                                                                                                     employees
 NAICS                                                                                                                                                                  for pay
                                                Kind of business                                                                                                         period      From
  code
                                                                                                 Establish                                           First quarter    including   adminis
                                                                                                    ments             Revenue      Annual payroll          payroll    March 12      trative
                                                                                                 (number)             ($1,000)         ($1,000)          ($1,000)     (number)    records1    Estimated2

              OHIO
22                        Utilities                                                                    533        16 893 425          1 533 320          388 289        31 560          .7             .6
221           Utilities                                                                                533        16 893 425          1 533 320          388 289        31 560          .7             .6
2211            Electric power generation, transmission, & distribution                                321        12 587 884          1 232 807          313 971        24 809           –             .7
22111             Electric power generation                                                            130         5 528 802            440 548          111 236         9 293           –             .4
221112              Fossil fuel electric power generation                                              119                 D                  D                D              i          D             D
2211121                Electric services (fossil fuel power generation)                                115         3 868 518            286 195           71 817         6 141           –             .3
22112              Electric power transmission, control, & distribution                                191          7 059 082           792 259          202 735        15 516           –             .9
221121               Electric bulk power transmission & control                                         16                  D                 D                D             b           D             D
2211211                Electric services (electric power transmission & control)                        16                  D                 D                D             b           D             D
221122               Electric power distribution                                                       175                  D                 D                D              j          D             D
2211221                Electric services (electric power distribution)                                 126                  D                 D                D              j          D             D
2211222                Electric & other services combined (electric power distribution)                 49                  D                 D                D              i          D             D
2212            Natural gas distribution                                                               125          4 141 915           271 519           66 436         5 742         2.8             .1
22121             Natural gas distribution                                                             125          4 141 915           271 519           66 436         5 742         2.8             .1
221210              Natural gas distribution                                                           125          4 141 915           271 519           66 436         5 742         2.8             .1
2212101               Natural gas transmission & distribution (distribution)                            27                  D                 D                D             g          D              D
2212102               Natural gas distribution                                                          94          1 741 391           139 756           33 894         2 972           –             .2
2213            Water, sewage, & other systems                                                           87           163   626          28   994          7   882       1 009         3.2             .5
22131            Water supply & irrigation systems                                                       64           119   321          19   252          5   336         692          .5             .6
221310             Water supply & irrigation systems                                                     64           119   321          19   252          5   336         692          .5             .6
2213101               Water supply                                                                       60           118   397          18   919          5   300         686           –             .6
22132              Sewage treatment facilities                                                           19                  D                 D                D            c           D             D
221320               Sewage treatment facilities                                                         19                  D                 D                D            c           D             D

          1Includes   revenue information obtained from administrative records of other Federal agencies.
          2Includes   revenue information which was imputed based on historic company ratios or administrative records, or on industry averages.




Table 2.          Summary Statistics for Metropolitan Areas: 1997
[Includes only establishments with payroll. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text. For explanation of terms, see Appendix A. For definitions of metropolitan areas (CMSAs,
  MSAs, and PMSAs), see Appendix E]

                                                                                                                                                                           Paid   Percent of revenue
                                                                                                                                                                     employees
  NAICS                                                                                                                                                                 for pay
                                      Geographic area and kind of business                                                                                               period      From
   code
                                                                                                 Establish                                           First quarter    including   adminis
                                                                                                    ments             Revenue      Annual payroll          payroll    March 12      trative
                                                                                                 (number)             ($1,000)         ($1,000)          ($1,000)     (number)    records1    Estimated2

              CANTON–MASSILLON, OH MSA
22                        Utilities                                                                      21           406 446            41 585           10 535           906           –             –
221           Utilities                                                                                  21           406 446            41 585           10 535           906           –             –
2211            Electric power generation, transmission, & distribution                                  12                  D                 D                D             f          D             D

              CINCINNATI–HAMILTON, OH–KY–IN CMSA

22                        Utilities                                                                      69         2 994 357           295 817           75 279         5 520         3.9             –
221           Utilities                                                                                  69         2 994 357           295 817           75 279         5 520         3.9             –
2211            Electric power generation, transmission, & distribution                                  46                  D                 D                D             i          D             D
22112             Electric power transmission, control, & distribution                                   40                  D                 D                D            h           D             D
221122              Electric power distribution                                                          40                  D                 D                D            h           D             D
2211222                Electric & other services combined (electric power distribution)                  30                  D                 D                D            h           D             D
2213            Water, sewage, & other systems                                                           19                  D                 D                D            c           D             D
22131            Water supply & irrigation systems                                                       15                  D                 D                D            c           D             D
221310             Water supply & irrigation systems                                                     15                  D                 D                D            c           D             D
2213101               Water supply                                                                       15                  D                 D                D            c           D             D

              Cincinnati, OH–KY–IN PMSA

22                        Utilities                                                                      57         2 792 815           279 641           71 099         5 172         4.1             –
221           Utilities                                                                                  57         2 792 815           279 641           71 099         5 172         4.1             –
2211            Electric power generation, transmission, & distribution                                  39                  D                 D                D             i          D             D
22112             Electric power transmission, control, & distribution                                   33                  D                 D                D            h           D             D
221122              Electric power distribution                                                          33                  D                 D                D            h           D             D
2211222                Electric & other services combined (electric power distribution)                  24                  D                 D                D            h           D             D
2213            Water, sewage, & other systems                                                           15                  D                 D                D            c           D             D
22131            Water supply & irrigation systems                                                       12                  D                 D                D            b           D             D
221310             Water supply & irrigation systems                                                     12                  D                 D                D            b           D             D
2213101               Water supply                                                                       12                  D                 D                D            b           D             D

              Hamilton–Middletown, OH PMSA

22                        Utilities                                                                      12           201 542            16 176            4 180           348          .7             –
221           Utilities                                                                                  12           201 542            16 176            4 180           348          .7             –

          See footnotes at end of table.


UTILITIES GEOG. AREA SERIES                                                                                                                                                            OHIO            7
U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census           Dec. 29, 1999
Table 2.          Summary Statistics for Metropolitan Areas: 1997 Con.
[Includes only establishments with payroll. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text. For explanation of terms, see Appendix A. For definitions of metropolitan areas (CMSAs,
  MSAs, and PMSAs), see Appendix E]

                                                                                                                                                                       Paid    Percent of revenue
                                                                                                                                                                 employees
    NAICS                                                                                                                                                           for pay
                                      Geographic area and kind of business                                                                                           period       From
     code
                                                                                            Establish                                           First quarter     including    adminis
                                                                                               ments            Revenue      Annual payroll           payroll     March 12       trative
                                                                                            (number)            ($1,000)         ($1,000)           ($1,000)      (number)     records1    Estimated2

              CLEVELAND–AKRON, OH CMSA

22                        Utilities                                                                89                  D                 D                 D               i          D             D
221           Utilities                                                                            89                  D                 D                 D               i          D             D
2211            Electric power generation, transmission, & distribution                            57                  D                 D                 D               i          D             D
22111             Electric power generation                                                        11                  D                 D                 D              g           D             D
22112              Electric power transmission, control, & distribution                            46                  D                 D                 D              h           D             D
221122               Electric power distribution                                                   43                  D                 D                 D              h           D             D
2211221                Electric services (electric power distribution)                             41                  D                 D                 D              h           D             D
2212            Natural gas distribution                                                           17                 D                 D                 D               g           D             D
22121             Natural gas distribution                                                         17                 D                 D                 D               g           D             D
221210              Natural gas distribution                                                       17                 D                 D                 D               g           D             D
2212102               Natural gas distribution                                                     13           228 490            20 186             4 450             428           –             –
2213            Water, sewage, & other systems                                                     15                  D                 D                 D              e           D             D

              Akron, OH PMSA

22                        Utilities                                                                  8                 D                 D                 D              g           D             D
221           Utilities                                                                              8                 D                 D                 D              g           D             D

              Cleveland–Lorain–Elyria, OH PMSA

22                        Utilities                                                                81         3 027 136           308 893            76 126           6 519          .1           2.2
221           Utilities                                                                            81         3 027 136           308 893            76 126           6 519          .1           2.2
2211            Electric power generation, transmission, & distribution                            55                  D                 D                 D              h           D             D
22111             Electric power generation                                                        11                  D                 D                 D              g           D             D
22112              Electric power transmission, control, & distribution                            44                  D                 D                 D              h           D             D
221122               Electric power distribution                                                   41                  D                 D                 D              h           D             D
2211221                Electric services (electric power distribution)                             39                  D                 D                 D              h           D             D
2212            Natural gas distribution                                                           15                 D                 D                 D               g           D             D
22121             Natural gas distribution                                                         15                 D                 D                 D               g           D             D
221210              Natural gas distribution                                                       15                 D                 D                 D               g           D             D
2212102               Natural gas distribution                                                     12           228 490            20 149             4 442             427           –             –
2213            Water, sewage, & other systems                                                     11                  D                 D                 D              c           D             D

              COLUMBUS, OH MSA

22                        Utilities                                                                87         3 065 392           312 581            79 398           5 827           –             .2
221           Utilities                                                                            87         3 065 392           312 581            79 398           5 827           –             .2
2211            Electric power generation, transmission, & distribution                            52         1 292 401           223 599            57 898           3 987           –             .1
22111             Electric power generation                                                        34                 D                 D                 D               g           D             D
221112              Fossil fuel electric power generation                                          31                 D                 D                 D               g           D             D
2211121                Electric services (fossil fuel power generation)                            31                 D                 D                 D               g           D             D
22112              Electric power transmission, control, & distribution                            18                  D                 D                 D              h           D             D
221122               Electric power distribution                                                   15                  D                 D                 D              h           D             D
2211221                Electric services (electric power distribution)                             15                  D                 D                 D              h           D             D
2212            Natural gas distribution                                                           27         1 747 096            85 010            20 575           1 722           –             .2
22121             Natural gas distribution                                                         27         1 747 096            85 010            20 575           1 722           –             .2
221210              Natural gas distribution                                                       27         1 747 096            85 010            20 575           1 722           –             .2
2212102               Natural gas distribution                                                     21                 D                 D                 D               g           D             D

              DAYTON–SPRINGFIELD, OH MSA

22                        Utilities                                                                22           939 021            58 153            14 719           1 744           –             .1
221           Utilities                                                                            22           939 021            58 153            14 719           1 744           –             .1
2211            Electric power generation, transmission, & distribution                            20                  D                 D                 D              g           D             D
22112             Electric power transmission, control, & distribution                             20                  D                 D                 D              g           D             D
221122              Electric power distribution                                                    20                  D                 D                 D              g           D             D
2211222                Electric & other services combined (electric power distribution)            14                  D                 D                 D              g           D             D

              HUNTINGTON–ASHLAND, WV–KY–OH MSA

22                        Utilities                                                                34           333 670            36 063             8 869             874           –           4.6
221           Utilities                                                                            34           333 670            36 063             8 869             874           –           4.6
2211            Electric power generation, transmission, & distribution                            17                  D                 D                 D               f          D             D
22112             Electric power transmission, control, & distribution                             13                  D                 D                 D               f          D             D
221122              Electric power distribution                                                    11                  D                 D                 D               f          D             D
2211221                Electric services (electric power distribution)                             11                  D                 D                 D               f          D             D

              LIMA, OH MSA

22                        Utilities                                                                10           141 156              9 852            2 458             219           –             –
221           Utilities                                                                            10           141 156              9 852            2 458             219           –             –


              MANSFIELD, OH MSA

22                        Utilities                                                                  5          153 175            11 407             2 922             221           –             –
221           Utilities                                                                              5          153 175            11 407             2 922             221           –             –

          See footnotes at end of table.


8       OHIO                                                                                                                              UTILITIES GEOG. AREA SERIES
                                                                                                                                       U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census        Dec. 29, 1999
Table 2.          Summary Statistics for Metropolitan Areas: 1997 Con.
[Includes only establishments with payroll. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text. For explanation of terms, see Appendix A. For definitions of metropolitan areas (CMSAs,
  MSAs, and PMSAs), see Appendix E]

                                                                                                                                                                           Paid   Percent of revenue
                                                                                                                                                                     employees
  NAICS                                                                                                                                                                 for pay
                                      Geographic area and kind of business                                                                                               period      From
   code
                                                                                                 Establish                                           First quarter    including   adminis
                                                                                                    ments             Revenue      Annual payroll          payroll    March 12      trative
                                                                                                 (number)             ($1,000)         ($1,000)          ($1,000)     (number)    records1    Estimated2

              PARKERSBURG–MARIETTA, WV–OH MSA


22                        Utilities                                                                      18           354 034            35 321            8 631           753           –             –

221           Utilities                                                                                  18           354 034            35 321            8 631           753           –             –




              STEUBENVILLE–WEIRTON, OH–WV MSA


22                        Utilities                                                                       8           629 444            52 062           13 300         1 017           –             –

221           Utilities                                                                                   8           629 444            52 062           13 300         1 017           –             –




              TOLEDO, OH MSA


22                        Utilities                                                                      24           651 143            54 638           13 900         1 173           –             .9

221           Utilities                                                                                  24           651 143            54 638           13 900         1 173           –             .9

2211            Electric power generation, transmission, & distribution                                  13                  D                  D               D             f          D             D
22112             Electric power transmission, control, & distribution                                   11                  D                  D               D             f          D             D


              WHEELING, WV–OH MSA


22                        Utilities                                                                      12           439 901            39 626            9 552           791           –             .1

221           Utilities                                                                                  12           439 901            39 626            9 552           791           –             .1




              YOUNGSTOWN–WARREN, OH MSA


22                        Utilities                                                                      16           616 189            47 244           12 117           951           –             –

221           Utilities                                                                                  16           616 189            47 244           12 117           951           –             –




              AREA OUTSIDE OHIO METROPOLITAN AREAS


22                        Utilities                                                                    182          2 878 883           243 928           62 348         5 477           –             .6

221           Utilities                                                                                182          2 878 883           243 928           62 348         5 477           –             .6

2211            Electric power generation, transmission, & distribution                                110          2 404 484           200 130           51 055         4 361           –             .7
22111             Electric power generation                                                             62          1 908 588           155 677           40 065         3 204           –             .8
221112              Fossil fuel electric power generation                                               57                  D                 D                D             g           D             D
2211121                Electric services (fossil fuel power generation)                                 57                  D                 D                D             g           D             D

22112              Electric power transmission, control, & distribution                                  48           495 896            44 453           10 990         1 157           –             .3
221122               Electric power distribution                                                         41           495 896            43 608           10 846         1 143           –             .3
2211221                Electric services (electric power distribution)                                   32                 D                 D                D             f           D             D

2212            Natural gas distribution                                                                 42           440 259            37 310            9 535           822           –             .4
22121             Natural gas distribution                                                               42           440 259            37 310            9 535           822           –             .4
221210              Natural gas distribution                                                             42           440 259            37 310            9 535           822           –             .4
2212102               Natural gas distribution                                                           33                 D                 D                D             f           D             D

2213            Water, sewage, & other systems                                                           30            34   140            6   488         1   758         294         3.9             .1
22131            Water supply & irrigation systems                                                       24            32   511            5   973         1   650         268           –              –
221310             Water supply & irrigation systems                                                     24            32   511            5   973         1   650         268           –              –
2213101               Water supply                                                                       24            32   511            5   973         1   650         268           –              –

          1Includes   revenue information obtained from administrative records of other Federal agencies.
          2Includes   revenue information which was imputed based on historic company ratios or administrative records, or on industry averages.




UTILITIES GEOG. AREA SERIES                                                                                                                                                            OHIO            9
U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census           Dec. 29, 1999
Appendix A.
Explanation of Terms

ANNUAL PAYROLL                                                  records of other Federal agencies were used instead of a
                                                                census report, no information was available on the num-
   Payroll includes all forms of compensation such as sala-
                                                                ber of locations operated. Each economic census estab-
ries, wages, commissions, dismissal pay, bonuses, vaca-
                                                                lishment was tabulated according to the physical location
tion allowances, sick-leave pay, and employee contribu-
                                                                at which the business was conducted. The count of estab-
tions to qualified pension plans paid during the year to all
                                                                lishments represents those in business at any time during
employees. For corporations, payroll includes amounts
                                                                1997.
paid to officers and executives; for unincorporated busi-
nesses, it does not include profit or other compensation of         When two or more activities were carried on at a single
proprietors or partners. Payroll is reported before deduc-      location under a single ownership, all activities generally
tions for social security, income tax insurance, union dues,    were grouped together as a single establishment. The
etc. This definition of payroll is the same as that used by     entire establishment was classified on the basis of its
the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) on form 941.                 major activity and all data for it were included in that clas-
                                                                sification. However, when distinct and separate economic
FIRST-QUARTER PAYROLL ($1,000)                                  activities (for which different industry classification codes
                                                                were appropriate) were conducted at a single location
   Represents payroll paid to persons employed at any           under a single ownership, separate establishments reports
time during the quarter January to March 1997.                  for each of the different activities were obtained in the
                                                                census.
NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES

   Paid employees consist of the full-time and part-time        REVENUE
employees, including salaried officers and executives of
                                                                   Includes revenue from all business activities whether or
corporations. Included are employees on paid sick leave,
                                                                not payment was received in the census year. Revenue
paid holidays, and paid vacations; not included are propri-
                                                                does not include sales and other taxes collected from cus-
etors and partners of unincorporated businesses. The defi-
                                                                tomers and remitted directly by the firm to a local, state,
nition of paid employees is the same as that is used on IRS
                                                                or Federal tax agency.
form 941.
   Includes all employees who were on the payroll during
the pay period including March 12.                              SALES, RECEIPTS, OR REVENUE ESTIMATED
                                                                (PERCENT)
NUMBER OF ESTABLISHMENTS
                                                                   Percent of total sales/receipts/revenue that was
   An establishment is a single physical location at which      imputed based on historic company ratios or administra-
business is conducted. It is not necessarily identical with a   tive records, or on industry averages.
company or enterprise, which may consist of one estab-
lishment or more. Economic census figures represent a           SALES, RECEIPTS, OR REVENUE FROM ADMINISTRA-
summary of reports for individual establishments rather         TIVE RECORDS (PERCENT)
than companies. For cases where a census report was
received, separate information was obtained for each loca-        Percent of total sales/receipts/revenue obtained from
tion where business was conducted. When administrative          administrative records of other Federal agencies.




UTILITIES                                                                                                  APPENDIX A     A–1
U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census
Appendix B.
NAICS Codes, Titles, and Descriptions


22 UTILITIES                                                     power, and solar power, into electrical energy. The estab-
                                                                 lishments in this industry produce electric energy and pro-
   The Utilities sector comprises establishments engaged         vide electricity to transmission systems or to electric
in the provision of the following utility services: electric     power distribution systems.
power, natural gas, steam supply, water supply, and sew-
age removal. Within this sector, the specific activities asso-   221111 Hydroelectric Power Generation
ciated with the utility services provided vary by utility:
electric power includes generation, transmission, and dis-          This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily
tribution; natural gas includes distribution; steam supply       engaged in operating hydroelectric power generation
includes provision and/or distribution; water supply             facilities. These facilities use water power to drive a tur-
includes treatment and distribution; and sewage removal          bine and produce electric energy. The electric energy pro-
includes collection, treatment, and disposal of waste            duced in these establishment is provided to electric power
through sewer systems and sewage treatment facilities.           transmission systems or to electric power distribution sys-
                                                                 tems.
   Excluded from this sector are establishments primarily
                                                                    The data published with NAICS code 221111 are com-
engaged in waste management services classified in Sub-
                                                                 prised of these parts of the following SIC industries:
sector 562, Waste Management and Remediation Services,
which also collect, treat, and dispose of waste materials;         4911 (pt) Electric services (hydroelectric power
however, they do not use sewer systems or sewage treat-                      generation)
ment facilities.                                                   4931 (pt) Electric and other services combined
                                                                             (hydroelectric power generation)
221 Utilities
                                                                   4939 (pt) Combination utilities nec (hydroelectric
   Industries in the Utilities subsector provide electric                    power generation)
power, natural gas, steam supply, water supply, and sew-
                                                                 2211111 Electric Services (Hydroelectric Power
age removal through a permanent infrastructure of lines,
                                                                 Generation)
mains, and pipes. Establishments are grouped together
based on the utility service provided and the particular             Establishments primarily engaged in generating elec-
system or facilities required to perform the service.            tricity using hydroelectric process. Included are establish-
                                                                 ments that combine pump storage generation processes.
2211 Electric Power Generation, Transmission and
Distribution                                                     2211112 Electric and Other Services Combined
                                                                 (Hydroelectric Power Generation)
   This industry group comprises establishments primarily
engaged in generating, transmitting, and/or distributing            Establishments primarily engaged in providing hydro-
electric power. Establishments in this industry group may        electric power generation in combination with other ser-
perform one or more of the following activities: (1) oper-       vices, with hydroelectric power generation being the
ate generation facilities that produce electric energy; (2)      major part though less than 95 percent of the total.
operate transmission systems that convey the electricity
from the generation facility to the distribution system; and     2211113 Other Combination Utilities (Hydroelec-
(3) operate distribution systems that convey electric            tric Power Generation)
power received from the generation facility or the trans-           Establishments primarily engaged in providing combi-
mission system to the final consumer.                            nations of services with hydroelectric power generation
                                                                 predominating.
22111 Electric Power Generation
                                                                 221112 Fossil Fuel Electric Power Generation
  This industry comprises establishments primarily
engaged in operating electric power generation facilities.         This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily
These facilities convert other forms of energy, such as          engaged in operating fossil fuel powered electric power
water power (i.e., hydroelectric), fossil fuels, nuclear         generation facilities.

UTILITIES                                                                                                  APPENDIX B     B–1
U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census
    These facilities use fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, or gas,   2211131 Electric Services (Nuclear Power
in internal combustion or combustion turbine conven-                Generation)
tional steam process to produce electric energy. The elec-
                                                                        Establishments primarily engaged in generating elec-
tric energy produced in these establishments are provided
                                                                    tricity using nuclear fuels.
to electric power transmission systems or to electric
power distribution systems.                                         2211132 Electric and Other Services Combined
   The data published with NAICS code 221112 is com-                (Nuclear Power Generation)
prised of these parts of the following SIC industries:
                                                                       Establishments primarily engaged in providing power
   4911 (pt) Electric services (electric power generation           generation by nuclear fuels in combination with other ser-
             by fossil fuels)                                       vices, with nuclear fuel power generation being the major
                                                                    part though less than 95 percent of the total.
   4931 (pt) Electric and other services combined
             (electric power generation by fossil fuels)            2211133 Other Combination Utilities (Nuclear
   4939 (pt) Combination utilities nec (electric power              Power Generation)
             generation by fossil fuels)                              Establishments primarily engaged in providing combi-
                                                                    nations of services with nuclear power generation pre-
2211121 Electric Services (Fossil Fuel Power                        dominating.
Generation)
                                                                    221119 Other Electric Power Generation
    Establishments primarily engaged in generating elec-
tricity using fossil fuels, such as coal, gas, or oil in internal      This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily
combustion or combustion turbine conventional steam                 engaged in operating electric power generation facilities
processes.                                                          (except hydroelectric, fossil fuel, nuclear). These facilities
                                                                    convert other forms of energy, such as solar, wind, or tidal
2211122 Electric and Other Services Combined                        power, into electrical energy. The electric energy produced
(Fossil Fuel Power Generation)                                      in these establishment is provided to electric power trans-
                                                                    mission systems or to electric power distribution systems.
   Establishments primarily engaged in providing power                 The data published with NAICS code 221119 are com-
generation by fossil fuels in combination with other ser-           prised of these parts of the following SIC industries:
vices, with fossil fuel power generation being the major
part though less than 95 percent of the total.                        4911 (pt) Electric services (other electric power
                                                                                generation)
2211123 Other Combination Utilities (Fossil Fuel                      4931 (pt) Electric and other services combined (other
Power Generation)                                                               electric power generation)
                                                                      4939 (pt) Combination utilities nec (other electric
  Establishments primarily engaged in providing combi-
                                                                                power generation)
nations of services with fossil fuel power generation pre-
dominating.                                                         2211191 Electric Services (Other Electric Power
                                                                    Generation)
221113 Nuclear Electric Power Generation
                                                                       Establishments primarily engaged in the generation of
   This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily            electric energy, not elsewhere classified.
engaged in operating nuclear electric power generation
facilities. These facilities use nuclear power to produce           2211192 Electric and Other Services Combined
electric energy. The electric energy produced in these              (Other Electric Power Generation)
establishments are provided to electric power transmis-
                                                                       Establishments primarily engaged in providing power
sion systems or to electric power distribution systems.
                                                                    generation, other than by hydro, nuclear, or fossil fuels, in
   The data published with NAICS code 221113 are com-               combination with other services, with other power genera-
prised of these parts of the following SIC industries:              tion being the major part though less than 95 percent of
                                                                    the total.
   4911 (pt) Electric services (electric power generation
             by nuclear fuels)                                      2211193 Other Combination Utilities (Other
   4931 (pt) Electric and other services combined                   Electric Power Generation)
             (electric power generation by nuclear fuels)
                                                                       Establishments primarily engaged in providing combi-
   4939 (pt) Combination utilities nec (electric power              nations of services with power generation by fuels other
             generation by nuclear fuels)                           than hydro, nuclear, or fossil predominating.

B–2   APPENDIX B                                                                                                             UTILITIES
                                                                                                   U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census
22112 Electric Power Transmission, Control, and                  meters, and wiring) or (2) operating as electric power bro-
Distribution                                                     kers or agents that arrange the sale of electricity via
                                                                 power distribution systems operated by others.
   This industry comprises establishments primarily
engaged in operating electric power transmission sys-               The data published with NAICS code 221122 are com-
tems, controlling (i.e., regulating voltage) the transmission    prised of these parts of the following SIC industries:
of electricity, and/or distributing electricity. The transmis-     4911 (pt) Electric services (electric power
sion system includes lines and transformer stations. These                   distribution)
establishments arrange, facilitate, or coordinate the trans-
mission of electricity from the generating source to the           4931 (pt) Electric and other services combined
distribution centers, other electric utilities, or final con-                (electric power distribution)
sumers. The distribution system consists of lines, poles,          4939 (pt) Combination utilities nec (electric power
meters, and wiring that deliver the electricity to final con-                distribution)
sumers.
                                                                 2211221 Electric Services (Electric Power
221121 Electric Bulk Power Transmission and                      Distribution)
Control
                                                                   Establishments engaged in the distribution of electric
   This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily
                                                                 power to the final consumer. Included are establishments
engaged in operating electric power transmission systems
                                                                 which both generate and distribute electricity.
and/or controlling (i.e., regulating voltage) the transmis-
sion of electricity from the generating source to distribu-
                                                                 2211222 Electric and Other Services Combined
tion centers or other electric utilities. The transmission
                                                                 (Electric Power Distribution)
system includes lines and transformer stations.
   The data published with NAICS code 221121 are com-               Establishments primarily engaged in providing electric
prised of these parts of the following SIC industries:           power distribution in combination with other services,
   4911 (pt) Electric services (electric power                   with electric distribution being the major part though less
             transmission and control)                           than 95 percent of the total.
   4931 (pt) Electric and other services combined
                                                                 2211223 Other Combination Utilities (Electric
             (electric power transmission)
                                                                 Power Distribution)
   4939 (pt) Combination utilities nec (electric power
             transmission)                                         Establishments primarily engaged in providing combi-
                                                                 nations of services with electric power distribution pre-
2211211 ELECTRIC SERVICES (ELECTRIC POWER                        dominating.
TRANSMISSION AND CONTROL)
   Establishments primarily engaged in the transmission          2212 Natural Gas Distribution
of electric power from the generating source to the distri-          This industry group comprises: (1) establishments pri-
bution centers. Included are establishments that control         marily engaged in operating gas distribution systems
the transmission of electric power among electric utilities.     (e.g., mains, meters); (2) establishments known as gas
2211212 Electric and Other Services Combined                     marketers that buy gas from the well and sell it to a distri-
(Electric Power Transmission and Control)                        bution system; (3) establishments known as gas brokers
                                                                 or agents that arrange the sale of gas over gas distribution
   Establishments primarily engaged in providing electric        systems operated by others; and (4) establishments prima-
power transmission in combination with other services,           rily engaged in transmitting and distributing gas to final
with transmission being the major part though less than          consumers.
95 percent of the total.

2211213 Other Combination Utilities (Electric                    22121 Natural Gas Distribution
Power Transmission and Control)                                      This industry comprises: (1) establishments primarily
  Establishments primarily engaged in providing combi-           engaged in operating gas distribution systems (e.g.,
nations of services with electric power transmission pre-        mains, meters); (2) establishments known as gas market-
dominating.                                                      ers that buy gas from the well and sell it to a distribution
                                                                 system; (3) establishments known as gas brokers or
221122 Electric Power Distribution                               agents that arrange the sale of gas over gas distribution
   This U.S. industry comprises electric power establish-        systems operated by others; and (4) establishments prima-
ments primarily engaged in (1) operating electric power          rily engaged in transmitting and distributing gas to final
distribution systems (i.e., consisting of lines, poles,          consumers.

UTILITIES                                                                                                  APPENDIX B     B–3
U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census
221210 Natural Gas Distribution                                2212105 Gas and Other Services Combined
                                                               (Natural Gas Distribution)
    This U.S. industry comprises: (1) establishments prima-
rily engaged in operating gas distribution systems (e.g.,        Establishments primarily engaged in providing natural
mains, meters); (2) establishments known as gas market-        gas distribution in combination with other services, with
ers that buy gas from the well and sell it to a distribution   gas distribution being the major part though less than 95
system; (3) establishments known as gas brokers or             percent of the total.
agents that arrange the sale of gas over gas distribution
systems operated by others; and (4) establishments prima-      2212106 All Other Combination Utilities (Natural
rily engaged in transmitting and distributing gas to final     Gas Distribution)
consumers.
                                                                 Establishments primarily engaged in providing combi-
    The data published with NAICS code 221210 are com-
                                                               nations of services with natural gas distribution predomi-
prised of these parts of the following SIC industries:
                                                               nating.
  4923 (pt) Natural gas transmission and distribution
            (distribution)                                     2213 Water, Sewage and Other Systems
  4924       Natural gas distribution                             This NAICS industry group includes establishments
  4925       Mixed, manufactured, or liquefied                 classified in the following NAICS industries: 22131, Water
             petroleum gas production and/or                   Supply and Irrigation Systems; 22132, Sewage Treatment
             distribution                                      Facilities; and 22133, Steam and Air-Conditioning Supply.
  4931 (pt) Electric and other services combined
                                                               22131 Water Supply and Irrigation Systems
            (natural gas distribution)
  4932       Gas and other services combined (natural             This industry comprises establishments primarily
             gas distribution)                                 engaged in operating water treatment plants and/or oper-
  4939 (pt) Combination utilities, nec (natural gas            ating water supply systems. The water supply system may
            distribution)                                      include pumping stations, aqueducts, and/or distribution
                                                               mains. The water may be used for drinking, irrigation, or
2212101 Natural Gas Transmission and                           other uses.
Distribution (Distribution)
                                                               221310 Water Supply and Irrigation Systems
   Establishments primarily engaged in the distribution of
natural gas to the final consumer through a system of             This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily
mains and secondarily providing gas transmission ser-          engaged in operating water treatment plants and/or oper-
vices.                                                         ating water supply systems. The water supply system may
                                                               include pumping stations, aqueducts, and/or distribution
2212102 Natural Gas Distribution                               mains. The water may be used for drinking, irrigation, or
                                                               other uses.
  Establishments primarily engaged in the distribution of
                                                                  The data published with NAICS code 221310 are com-
natural gas to the final consumer through a system of
                                                               prised of these parts of the following SIC industries:
mains. Included are gas marketers or brokers who buy
natural gas from producers and sell to final consumers.          4941 Water supply
                                                                 4971 Irrigation systems
2212103 Mixed, Manufactured, or Liquefied
Petroleum Gas Production and/or Distribution
                                                               2213101 Water Supply (Except Irrigation)
(Natural Gas Distribution)
                                                                  Establishments primarily engaged in distributing water
   Establishments primarily engaged in the manufacture
                                                               for sale for domestic, commercial, and industrial use.
and/or distribution of mixed, manufactured, or liquified
petroleum gas for sale, including mixtures of manufac-         2213102 Irrigation Systems
tured with natural gas.
                                                                 Establishments primarily engaged in operating water
2212104 Electric and Other Services Combined                   supply systems for the purpose of irrigation.
(Natural Gas Distribution)
                                                               22132 Sewage Treatment Facilities
  Establishments primarily engaged in providing natural
gas distribution in combination with electric services, with      This industry comprises establishments primarily
gas distribution being the major part though less than 95      engaged in operating sewer systems or sewage treatment
percent of the total.                                          facilities that collect, treat, and dispose of waste.

B–4   APPENDIX B                                                                                                       UTILITIES
                                                                                             U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census
221320 Sewage Treatment Facilities                           221330 Steam and Air-Conditioning Supply

   This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily
                                                                This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily
engaged in operating sewer systems or sewage treatment
facilities that collect, treat, and dispose of waste.        engaged in providing steam, heated air, or cooled air. The
   The data published with NAICS code 221320 are com-        steam distribution may be through mains.
prised of this part of the following SIC industry:              The data published with NAICS code 221330 are com-
   4952 Sewage treatment facilities                          prised of this part of the following SIC industry:

22133 Steam and Air-Conditioning Supply
                                                               4961 Steam and air-conditioning supply
   This industry comprises establishments primarily
engaged in providing steam, heated air, or cooled air. The
steam distribution may be through mains.




UTILITIES                                                                                             APPENDIX B    B–5
U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census
Appendix C.
Coverage and Methodology

MAIL/NONMAIL UNIVERSE                                                  from administrative records of other Federal agen-
                                                                       cies. Although consisting of many firms, nonem-
   For this sector, large- and medium-size firms, plus all             ployers accounted for less than 10 percent of total
firms known to operate more than one establishment,                    revenue of all establishments covered in the cen-
were sent questionnaires to be completed and returned to               sus. The census included only those nonemployer
the Census Bureau by mail. For most very small firms data              firms which reported a revenue volume of $1,000
from existing administrative records of other Federal                  or more during 1997. Data for nonemployers are
agencies were used instead. These records provided basic               not included in this report, but are released as part
information on location, kind of business, revenue, pay-               of the Core Business Statistics Series.
roll, number of employees, and legal form of organization.
   Firms in the 1997 Economic Census were divided into
                                                                INDUSTRY CLASSIFICATION OF ESTABLISHMENTS
the mail universe and nonmail universe. The coverage of
and the method of obtaining census information from                The classifications for all establishments in this sector
each are described below:                                       were assigned in accordance with the 1997 North Ameri-
                                                                can Industry Classification System (NAICS) Manual, United
 1. The mail universe consisted of firms for which infor-
                                                                States. NAICS is a common classification system devel-
    mation was obtained by means of a mail canvass and
                                                                oped by the United States, Canada, and Mexico. This sys-
    included:
                                                                tem replaces the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification
     a. Large employers, i.e., all multiestablishment and all   (SIC) that was used in previous censuses. Appendix A of
        single-establishment employer firms with payroll        the 1997 NAICS manual provides information on the com-
        above a specified cutoff. The term ‘‘employers’’        parability between the 1987 SIC and the 1997 NAICS.
        refers to firms with one or more paid employees at      More information on NAICS is available in the NAICS
        any time during 1997 as shown in the active             manual and at www.census.gov/naics.
        administrative records of other Federal agencies.          The method of assigning classifications, and the level
                                                                of detail at which establishments were classified, differed
     b. A sample of small employers, i.e., single-              between the mail and nonmail universe as follows:
        establishment firms with payroll below a specified
        cutoff, in classifications for which specialized data   1. The mail universe.
        precluded reliance solely on administrative records
        sources.                                                    a. Establishments in the mail universe that returned
                                                                       questionnaires were classified on the basis of their
 2. The nonmail universe consisted of firms that were not              self-designation, sources of revenue, and other
    required to file a regular census return and included:             industry-specific inquiries.

     a. Selected small employers, i.e., single-establishment        b. Establishments in the mail universe that did not
        firms with payroll below a specified cutoff.                   return questionnaires were classified on the basis
        Although the payroll cutoff varied by kind of busi-            of the most current census kind-of-business classi-
        ness, small employers in the nonmail universe gen-             fication available from one of the Census Bureau’s
        erally included firms with less than 10 employees              current sample surveys, the 1992 census, or the
        and represented about 10 percent of total revenue              administrative records of other Federal agencies.
        of establishments covered in the census. Data on
        revenue, payroll, and employment for small              2. The nonmail universe.
        employers in the nonmail universe were derived or
        estimated from administrative records of other Fed-         a. Employer establishments in the nonmail universe
        eral agencies.                                                 were classified on the basis of the most current
                                                                       census kind-of-business classification available
     b. All nonemployers, i.e., all firms subject to Federal           from one of the Census Bureau’s current sample
        income tax with no paid employees during 1997.                 surveys, the 1992 census, or the administrative
        Revenue information for these firms was obtained               records of other Federal agencies. If the census or

UTILITIES                                                                                                APPENDIX C      C–1
U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census
        administrative record classifications proved inad-      develop estimates for nonemployers, small employers,
        equate (none corresponded to a 1997 census clas-        and other establishments for which responses were not
        sification in the detail required for employers), the   received in time for publication.
        firm was sent a brief inquiry requesting information
        necessary to assign a 1997 census kind-of-business      TREATMENT OF NONRESPONSE
        code.
                                                                   Census report forms included two different types of
      b. Nonemployers were classified on the basis of infor-    inquiries, ‘‘basic’’ and ‘‘industry-specific.’’ Data for the
         mation obtained from administrative records of         basic inquiries, which include location, kind of business or
         other Federal agencies.                                operation, revenue, payroll, number of employees, and
                                                                legal form of organization, were available from a combina-
RELIABILITY OF DATA                                             tion of sources for all establishments. Data for industry-
   All data compiled for this sector are subject to nonsam-     specific inquiries, tailored to the particular kinds of busi-
pling errors. Nonsampling errors can be attributed to           ness or operation covered by the report, were available
many sources: inability to identify all cases in the actual     only from the establishments in the mail universe that
universe; definition and classification difficulties; differ-   completed the appropriate inquiries on the questionnaire.
ences in the interpretation of questions; errors in record-        Two methods were used to account for nonresponse to
ing or coding the data obtained; and other errors of collec-    industry-specific inquiries. For some inquiries, missing
tion, response, coverage, processing, and estimation for        data were imputed for individual records based on
missing or misreported data.                                    responses from similar establishments. For other inquiries,
   Data presented in the Miscellaneous Subjects and the         the total of reported data were expanded to represent the
Sources of Revenue reports for this sector are subject to       mail and nonmail universe. Data for industry-specific
sampling errors as well as nonsampling errors. Specifi-         inquiries based on a December 31 reference date were
cally, these data are estimated based on information            expanded in direct relationship to total annualized rev-
obtained from census questionnaires mailed to all large         enue of only those establishments in business at the end
employers and to a sample of small employers in the uni-        of the year. Unless otherwise noted in specific reports,
verse. Sampling errors affect these estimates insofar as        data for other industry-specific inquiries were expanded in
they may differ from results that would be obtained from        direct relationship to total revenue of all establishments
a complete enumeration.                                         included in the category. In a few cases, expansion on the
   The accuracy of these tabulated data is determined by        basis of the revenue item was not appropriate, and
the joint effects of the various nonsampling errors or by       another basic data item was used as the basis for expan-
the joint effects of sampling and nonsampling errors. No        sion.
direct measurement of these effects has been obtained              All reports in which data were expanded to account for
except for estimation for missing or misreported data;          nonmail employers and nonrespondents include a cover-
however, precautionary steps were taken in all phases of        age indicator for each publication category, which shows
the collection, processing, and tabulation of the data in an    the revenue of establishments responding to the inquiry
effort to minimize the effects of nonsampling errors.           as a percent of total revenue for all establishments for
   The Census Bureau obtains limited information                which data are shown. Coverage is usually determined by
extracted from administrative records of other Federal          the ratio of total revenue of establishments responding to
agencies. This information is used in conjunction with          the inquiry to total revenue of all establishments in the
other information available to the Census Bureau to             category.




C–2    APPENDIX C                                                                                                       UTILITIES
                                                                                              U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census
Appendix D.
Geographic Notes

Not applicable for this report.




1997 ECONOMIC CENSUS                       APPENDIX D   D–1
U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census
Appendix E.
Metropolitan Areas

OHIO                                       Cincinnati—Hamilton, OH—KY—IN CMSA—Con.
Akron, OH PMSA                               Cincinnati, OH—KY—IN PMSA—Con.
       Portage County, OH                      Hamilton County, OH
       Summit County, OH                       Warren County, OH
Canton—Massillon, OH MSA                     Hamilton—Middletown, OH PMSA
       Carroll County, OH                      Butler County, OH
       Stark County, OH                    Cleveland—Lorain—Elyria, OH PMSA
Cincinnati, OH—KY—IN PMSA                      Ashtabula County, OH
       Dearborn County, IN                     Cuyahoga County, OH
       Ohio County, IN                         Geauga County, OH
       Boone County, KY                        Lake County, OH
       Campbell County, KY                     Lorain County, OH
       Gallatin County, KY                     Medina County, OH
       Grant County, KY                    Cleveland—Akron, OH CMSA
       Kenton County, KY                     Akron, OH PMSA
       Pendleton County, KY                    Portage County, OH
       Brown County, OH                        Summit County, OH
       Clermont County, OH                   Cleveland—Lorain—Elyria, OH PMSA
       Hamilton County, OH                     Ashtabula County, OH
       Warren County, OH                       Cuyahoga County, OH
Cincinnati—Hamilton, OH—KY—IN CMSA             Geauga County, OH
   Cincinnati, OH—KY—IN PMSA                   Lake County, OH
       Dearborn County, IN                     Lorain County, OH
       Ohio County, IN                         Medina County, OH
       Boone County, KY                    Columbus, OH MSA
       Campbell County, KY                     Delaware County, OH
       Gallatin County, KY
                                               Fairfield County, OH
       Grant County, KY
                                               Franklin County, OH
       Kenton County, KY
                                               Licking County, OH
       Pendleton County, KY
                                               Madison County, OH
       Brown County, OH
                                               Pickaway County, OH
       Clermont County, OH

1997 ECONOMIC CENSUS                                                            APPENDIX E   E–1
U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census
Dayton—Springfield, OH MSA         Parkersburg—Marietta, WV—OH MSA

      Clark County, OH                 Washington County, OH
      Greene County, OH                Wood County, WV
      Miami County, OH             Steubenville—Weirton, OH—WV MSA
      Montgomery County, OH            Jefferson County, OH
Hamilton—Middletown, OH PMSA           Brooke County, WV
      Butler County, OH                Hancock County, WV
Huntington—Ashland, WV—KY—OH MSA
                                   Toledo, OH MSA
      Boyd County, KY
                                       Fulton County, OH
      Carter County, KY
                                       Lucas County, OH
      Greenup County, KY
                                       Wood County, OH
      Lawrence County, OH
                                   Wheeling, WV—OH MSA
      Cabell County, WV
                                       Belmont County, OH
      Wayne County, WV
                                       Marshall County, WV
Lima, OH MSA
                                       Ohio County, WV
      Allen County, OH
      Auglaize County, OH          Youngstown—Warren, OH MSA

Mansfield, OH MSA                      Columbiana County, OH

      Crawford County, OH              Mahoning County, OH

      Richland County, OH              Trumbull County, OH




E–2   APPENDIX E                                                   1997 ECONOMIC CENSUS
                                                               U.S. Census Bureau, 1997 Economic Census
EC97T22A-OH   1997   Ohio   1997 Economic Census   Utilities   Geographic Area Series   USCENSUSBUREAU

				
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