Revised March 4, 2008
Persuasive Essay :Writing to Propose or Persuade
Score Point 4 Score Point 3 Score Point 2 Score Point 1
Exceeds Meets Approaching Not at Standard
Purpose * Meets all criteria in point 3 -Focus clearly stated in the thesis -Has a thesis statement. -Thesis statement may be unclear or
and statement and referenced throughout -Attempts to maintain focus missing.
-Shows invention, creativity and clearness of the piece. throughout. -Fails to set context.
thought. -Appropriate to audience. -Background info does not clearly -May meander or contain digressions.
-Presents insightful ideas -Clearly establishes background info set context.
(context) for the presentation of ideas. -May have some digressions.
W- 2 .1, 2.2, -6.2, 7.1, 7.2,
Organization * Meets all criteria in point 3 -Has a strong introduction, -May lack effective introduction or -Introduction and/or conclusion
and convincing body, and a strong conclusion. are/is weak or missing.
-May present ideas in unusual or surprising conclusion that provides closure. -Arranges ideas in simple ways by - Ideas may display faulty reasoning.
patterns/format. -Arranges arguments, reasons, and/or listing without support, or fails to -Lacks transitions.
-Interesting ideas, expressed in an original evidence effectively and persuasively. relate ideas to each other. -Weak coherence.
way. -Uses effective transitions in a logical -Weak transitions.
-Possesses overall coherence and
W-1.2, 1.3, 6.1, 6.2
Voice/Tone * Meets all criteria in point 3 -Language is persuasive. -Uses appropriate language, but -Language is predictable and general
and -Word choice and phrasing are may lack precision. (weak word rather than precise.
-Language is selected with careful attention effective and precise. choice) -Lacks conviction.
to persuasive appeal. -Is appropriate for the anticipated -Language may not be persuasive. -Little sentence variety. (generally
-Writer shows confidence, conviction, and audience. -Sentence structure may lack short choppy sentences)
enthusiasm. -Sentence structure is varied. variety.
W-7.3, 7.4, 1.1, 1.4
Details/ * Meets all criteria in point 3 -Uses a range of strategies: statistics, -Some attempt at using persuasive -Little use of persuasive strategies.
Elaboration and anecdotes, etc. strategies. -Reasons are thinly developed.
-Presents unusually perceptive -Relevant facts, convincing arguments, -States mostly appropriate -Presents some info, but lacks
arguments/reasons with richly elaborated and examples are used to elaborate on arguments or reasons. elaboration.
supporting details. the position statement. -Provides some supporting -May contain irrelevant or
-Argue effectively for position. -Anticipates and refutes counter- evidence for arguments or reasons. inappropriate details or examples.
-Insightful in anticipating and addressing arguments. -Assumes the reader will find the -Does not identify counter-
possible reader concerns. ideas credible. arguments.
-Embeds prior knowledge, personal W-2.3 , 8.1, 8.2, 8.3, 8.4 -Identifies counter-arguments, but
experience, and/or reflection into the may not refute them.
fabric of argument.