Knowledge depends not only on access to reliable information, but also on sound judgment regarding which information to access and how to situate that information in relation to the values and purposes that comprise the individual's or the social group's larger projects. This is certainly the case for wise and effective governance. But governance also requires judgment regarding how to manage information itself -- how to structure burdens of proof in light of goals such as public safety or promotion of economic growth, how to balance the public's interest in disclosure against competing aims such as national security or the protection of trade secrets, whether to withhold information in the belief that it may actually be harmful to the recipient, and so on. Moreover, most environmental problems involve not only highly complex and uncertain scientific matters, but also technical and economic ones. On such matters, decision makers rarely have anything approaching complete knowledge when asked to put in place rules and regulations.
Foreword: Making Se
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