of the Northcoast
Trucking Through Redwoods Steers Into Controversy By Sarah O’Leary
All travelers driving north on Highway 101 know Those in favor point out safety concerns on
they’ve arrived in a special place when they reach the this narrow stretch of highway and bemoan
narrow, curvy section of highway that runs through the economic disadvantage to Humboldt
Richardson Grove State Park and its towering redwoods. County’s small businesses due to lack of
I remember my own first journey to Humboldt, packed access to the industry-standard trucks.
into an old Volkswagon van with no air conditioning on The Caltrans Draft Environmental Impact
a sweltering summer’s day. With windows rolled down, Report (DEIR) cites a 2003 study which found
desperate for a breeze, we drove up 101 through the hot that “local businesses and residents pay about
valleys and mountain passes. When the road suddenly 10 to 15 percent more for goods due to poor
narrowed and we glimpsed the spreading shade of that truck access, increasing the decline of locally-
first looming redwood it was as if the tree spirits had owned retail business out of Humboldt
waved a wand of cooling relief. The shade of the huge County.” The report states that, “Several
trees, coupled with the cathedral-like beauty of the grove businesses including lumber, floral, food and
took our breath away. We pulled over to gaze up in awe. other manufacturing, as well as the local
No trucks roared by as we stood contemplating the newspaper, have noted higher costs and have
majesty of the redwood forest that so magically crept considered relocating out of the county.”
right up to the side of the highway. A small number of STAA trucks do pass
Times have changed in this region since that hot through Richardson Grove because cattle
afternoon in the early 1980s, but Richardson Grove still trucks and moving vans currently enjoy a
remains a gateway to this unique area – the embodiment legislative exemption from the STAA truck
of the Redwood Curtain. We are forced to slow our restriction through the Grove. However, this
vehicles when we hit those curves just as a visit to our is scheduled to expire in 2012, and Caltrans
forest and beach trails makes us take a breath and slow wants the road open to unlimited access and
down for a few moments. to realign the highway to allow two such
Now a highway-realignment project proposed by the trucks to pass one another safely.
California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) Barbara Kennedy, a Weott resident
and backed by some area businesses and community and member of the Save Richardson
members, threatens to change the character of that Grove Coalition, claims that people in the
passage through Richardson Grove forever. community have been closed out of the
The agency wants to remove dozens of trees, process from the beginning.
straighten some of the curves and construct a 300- “At first they were not even going to do
foot retaining wall, in order to allow access for STAA an EIR (Environmental Impact Report),” she
trucks – extra long trucks approved by the Surface said. “We had to mobilize and we made such
Transportation Assistance Act, which are currently a clamor we got them to issue a Draft EIR in
prohibited from passing through this section of highway December of 2008.” A proposed Caltrans highway realignment project that would allow unlimited
(see information box, p. 5). Safety A Non-Issue? access to large “STAA” trucks to Humboldt County is provoking passionate reaction
in the community and polarizing different interest groups.
The proposed project, now estimated to cost Kerul Dyer, outreach director for the
taxpayers $7.7 million and slated to begin early next Environmental Protection Information Center
Dyer added that according to the CHP report to the
year, has stirred passionate reactions. (EPIC), said the organization had reviewed California
Legislature there have been no collisions, citations,
Opponents say that there has been inadequate Highway Patrol (CHP) records and found very little to
verbal warnings, complaints or highway incidents with
opportunity for public comment and participation, back up the safety claims in the DEIR.
regard to the livestock STAA trucks allowed to go
cite environmental concerns about threats to the old- “For a five-year period there were only six accidents
through Richardson Grove.
growth redwoods and accompanying wildlife and worry involving trucks in the stretch of Highway 101 that is
that increased access will bring unwelcome traffic and the project area, and only one involved trucks going in
development. opposite directions,” she said. Although Caltrans does not propose to cut any old
growth, 54 trees are slated for the ax, including six
redwoods. Of specific concern is the plan to cut deeply
Diminishing Coastal Fog Threatens Redwoods into the roots of some of the giant redwoods flanking
“Redwood science is clear that redwood root
By Scott Greacen
systems are shallow, lateral roots, which graft to other
Summer fog has decreased along the California suggest that changes in the global and regional climate
redwood roots to develop an interconnected root
coast over the last century, threatening redwood forests threaten the viability of familiar ecosystems. But it
system for several trees,” said Dyer.
and their dependent species, reports a recent study is among the first to point to specific climate-related
Dyer said that the proposed realignment will
published by the National Academy of Sciences. concerns for the redwood forest.
harm the trees during construction by cutting and
The paper’s authors, UC-Berkeley scientists Todd Because redwoods are such long-lived organisms,
compacting these structural root systems. “Soil
Dawson and James Johnstone, say the mighty trees and and old-growth redwood forests create their own
compaction of a tree’s root system can disrupt
the species that live in and beneath them depend on the microclimates, the news of their vulnerability may
respiration processes which power every function of
cool, damp microclimate provided by the ubiquitous fog. surprise the casual visitor.
the tree,” she said.
Dawson told the San Francisco Chronicle, “The Advocates for redwood forest conservation have
Acknowledging that Caltrans enumerates several
redwoods along our coast are highly dependent on fog long argued that one of the key flaws in clearcut-based
methods in the DEIR that it will use to minimize
as a source of water during the summer when water plantation forestry for redwoods is that it reduces the
damage to the roots, Dyer questioned the agency’s
in the ground is scarce. Foggy nights are needed to productivity of the overall forest by creating monocultures
ability to follow through. “The project will be
rehydrate the trees that can’t tolerate long droughts.” more vulnerable to drought and heat stress.
outsourced to contractors,” she said.
Even if established trees can tolerate the increased The study used the records of fog levels kept at local
But Caltrans project manager, Kim Floyd said that
drought stress, the authors say, fewer young trees will airports since 1951, including McKinleyville, analyzing
the contractor’s work will be strictly monitored.
be able to grow to maturity in the same areas where data together with temperature records from 114 stations
“We’ve agreed to have a certified arborist on site
redwoods stand today. that go back to the beginning of the 20th century.
while the contractor is working,” she said. Additionally
Redwoods’ inability to regulate their water use as The analysis showed that in the early part of the
a wildlife biologist will be employed specifically to
closely as other tree species is thought by scientists to be 20th century the California coast had about 30 percent
work within the tree root zone.
the key reason the enormous conifers are restricted to more summer fog than has recently been the case.
“We have permits and a set of specifications,” said
the cool, moist coastal belt that extends from the central The foggiest year on record was 1951, with 62 percent
Floyd. “They have to abide to them. It’s not a choice for
California coast to just north of the Oregon border. of summer days seeing fog, while the least foggy was
The study of summer fog decline is the latest to 1997, with only 27 percent fog through the summer. y
Additional concerns from State Park Officials and
others include the project’s impact on threatened and
Inside This Issue endangered species, including the federally protected
marbled murrelet that nests in old growth trees.
Klamath Settlement Deals Signed...........3 NorCal Salmon Season Recap...............8 The North Coast Redwoods District’s (NCRD)
What Happens Now? Chinook Stocks Up But Coho Declines comment letter lists six different threatened and
endangered species, and questions the adequacy of the
Wave Energy...............................................3 Improving Water Quality.......................9 DEIR in mitigating impacts.
Humboldt May Pioneer Energy From The Ocean Low Impact Development and Local Monitoring The potential impacts on threatened species are
Solutions For Water District Dilemma...5 Outdoor Activities, All Ages.....10,12,13 alarming enough to have garnered the attention of
What To Do With The Excess Water In The Mad Kotke Quest, Environmental Education, Hikes the Center for Biological Diversity (CBD), which has
How To Preserve Humboldt’s Forests.....6 New Rules For Organic Livestock.......14 allied itself firmly with the opposition to this project.
General Plan Options To Preserve Our Resource What Does It Mean For Humboldt Ranchers? An Action Alert on the organization’s web site urges
Kin To The Earth: Bruce Cockburn........7 Eco-Mania...............................................15
Making A Difference Through Music A Monthly Melange of Salient Sillies Continued on Page 4
News From the Center Arts! Arcata
is the official monthly publication of the Northcoast
Environmental Center, a non-profit organization,
At the NEC, we look forward to
spring on the North Coast and the
opportunities that a new season can
you! We’re looking for folks to help
in specific areas such as decorations,
activities, silent auction donations,
At The NEC
Join us on
791 Eighth Street, Arcata, CA 95521; (707) 822-6918; Friday, April
bring. The NEC is no stranger to raffles and other coordinated events to
Fax (707) 822-6980. Third class postage paid in 9 for another
Arcata. ISSN No. 0885-7237. ECONEWS is mailed free change and we appreciate all who’ve take place throughout the evening.
to our members and distributed free throughout the been supportive through the recent We will be holding our first event
Northern California/Southern Oregon bioregion. The transitions. planning session on Thursday, April
subscription rate is $35 per year. celebration.
Some of our members have been 15, from 6:30 to 8:30 p.m. It’s our
Editor: Sarah O’Leary email@example.com asking about the annual event, it’s time hope that long-time NEC supporters
we will host
Advertising: Sarah O’Leary, firstname.lastname@example.org to announce yet another change. will offer their ideas and energy and
Proofreaders: Midge Brown, Sid Dominitz the event at
Traditionally the NEC has held our we also encourage new volunteers to
Staff Photographer: Sam Camp our Arcata
annual event - a dinner and art auction participate. You can sign up for this and
Writers: Nathaniel Page, John Osborn, Ian Jewett, Tara Plaza office
Stetz, Jennifer Kalt, Eileen Cooper, Sylvia Ann White, - in April. Because our focus has been other volunteer activities by calling the
Allison Poklemba, Sarah Marnick, Jay Wright, Sue Leskiw, in other areas, we’ve decided to switch center at 822.6918 or by emailing
Scott Greacen, Pete Nichols, Ron Wells, Maggie Stoud- the timing of our event to September email@example.com.
nour, Wendell Wood, – and we are also making some Enjoy the longer days and spring
Artists: Mark Jacobson, Terry Torgerson Storehouse.
changes to the nature of the event. On blossoms - and don’t be a stranger!
Cover Art: Jason Lawrence This month we will be showing
September 18, after the North Country Visit us in Jacoby’s Storehouse Monday
nature watercolors painted by Nathen
Fair, your NEC will host a special through Thursday 9 a.m. - 1p.m. and
Sipan and Cassandra Carlson.
NEC Mission celebration including an All Species Fridays 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. We’re also open
Sipan, a self-taught artist, has
To promote understanding of the rela- Ball, silent auction, music, dancing and for Arts! Arcata every 2nd Friday of the
experimented with different mediums
tions between people and the biosphere many other fun activities. month.
since 1985. Although his earlier
and to conserve, protect and celebrate If you’re the sort of person who ~Tara Stetz
work was in abstracts, he has found
terrestrial, aquatic and marine eco- thinks planning a party is just as Interim Office Manager
inspiration in the natural wonders of
systems of northern California and much fun as the party itself: We need
Humboldt County. Carlson, an HSU
southern Oregon. art student, recently showed her work
at a portrait show at the university.
Although her primary medium is
NEC Board Of Directors paint, she is also a sculptor and her
California Native Plant Society
Jen Kalt (Secretary) firstname.lastname@example.org We Want Your Letters! latest sculpture will be part of HSU’s
Redwood Region Audubon Society Feeling irritated by something you read here in ECONEWS? Or maybe one of this month’s upcoming Sculpture Walk.
C.J. Ralph email@example.com articles made you jump for joy. Tell us about it! Try to keep your letter to 300 words or As always we’ll be serving a
Sierra Club North Group, Redwood Chapter fewer and include your full name and city of residence. We may edit for space and clarity.
Felice Pace firstname.lastname@example.org
selection of savory snacks and
E-mail letters to email@example.com, or mail to P.O. Box 4259, Arcata, CA 95518. beverages including wine supplied by
Pete Nichols firstname.lastname@example.org We welcome your thoughts and comments! Libation.
Friends of Del Norte
Eileen Cooper email@example.com Coming in May: We will be
Safe Alternatives For Our Forest Environment showing the art of David Schumaker a
Larry Glass (President) firstname.lastname@example.org local photographer and educator.
Jim Clark (Vice President) email@example.com Dear ECONEWS, Artists: Show your work at the
Martin Swett (Treasurer) firstname.lastname@example.org For all the years I’ve been looking NEC! If you are interested in showing
Bob Morris (Trinity County Representive)
email@example.com on, environmental problems have your art during our monthly Arts!
gotten worse and worse. While Arcata celebrations, contact us at
environmentalists win some battles, firstname.lastname@example.org. y
groups like yours and many others are
missing the big picture. You win the
Volunteer submissions are welcome! Full articles of
500 words or fewer may be submitted by the 15th
same battles over and over and over
of each month, preferably by e-mail. Longer articles again. But overall, the situation still
should be pitched to the editor, contact deteriorates. Dear ECONEWS, Nutrients will fertilize plants on land, but
email@example.com or call 707-845-3902. Include If you go back and read your
your phone number and e-mail with all submissions. I was happy to see a letter to the editor will cause algae to grow and rob water of
literature from 30 years ago, you’ll in your last issue that responded to my oxygen, harming aquatic organisms.”
Ideas and views expressed in ECONEWS are not find the same stories are being written article on California’s revised Greywater Furthermore, a properly designed
necessarily those of the NEC. right now. That says only one thing to Code (December 2009). I appreciate the greywater system is installed with the
Every issue of ECONEWS is printed on recycled paper with me. Environmentalists have to change comments, and would like to offer a few option for diversion to the building’s
soy-based inks. Please Recycle. their approach because the “change the clarifications: septic system or city sewer. This gives
management” approach is not working. Prior to February 2009, California’s the household the option to redirect
Environmentalists need a new strategy. greywater code only allowed for greywater in times of landscape
There are proposals right now to elaborate systems that relied on pumps, oversaturation or for diversion of
make new national parks like none
filters and other high-tech components. diaper wash water or other prohibited
before. The new parks are huge. These systems, typically designed by an contents. The greywater code outlines
Waldo Lake to the Klamath marshes, engineer and installed by a professional, several other basic health and safety
The Trinity River to the Rogue River are prohibitively expensive for the requirements, including avoidance
(Ancient Forest National Park, Oregon majority of households wishing to of contact with greywater except as
This month’s floral tributes go to:
and California’s Yellowstone), all the utilize their “waste” water for irrigation. required to maintain the system, and
Andy Alm, our amazing tech Klamath “Everglades”. Such complex systems are generally not using greywater to irrigate root
support guru and webmaster, who not Nationwide there are a more appropriate for new housing crops or edible parts of food crops that
only created the NEC web site back in the hundred proposals documented developments where the system cost can touch the soil.
days when the World Wide Web was new, by www.newnationalparks.org. be absorbed in the sale price. Dale mentions another good point:
but recently spent countless volunteer Environmentalists’ whole thrust for the California’s new code, as I stated in toxic chemicals. Again, the aim of the
hours updating the site and bringing it past hundred years has been to manage my article, works to address simple, article was to address simple, home-
into the current decade. Take a look at the land properly. Manage. That’s a very single-household greywater systems. based systems where the people living
http://www.yournec.org - you can view small idea. A bigger idea is to set aside Simple systems, when mindfully in the house are active participants in
current and past ECONEWS stories, see enough so that nature can manage designed, constructed and maintained, managing the greywater system and
what's upcoming on the Econews Report some of the earth without human provide for immediate re-use and ensuring that no harmful substances are
radio show, take note of Action Alerts interference. What a concept! exceptional treatment of household going down the drain. When employing
and upcoming events relating to all things I don’t know why this is so hard greywater. Furthermore, they last longer, greywater for irrigation purposes, it is
environmental, check out breaking news for people to accept, that humans require less maintenance, demand less crucial to use biodegradable products
pertinent to our area’s environmental have nothing to offer nature when it energy and cost less money than their that are salt- and boron-free. These
concerns, and even friend us on comes to management. Management high-tech counterparts. systems may not be appropriate for
Facebook. Coming soon: A calendar of is a ridiculous concept that logging, I agree with the letter writer. Dale situations with a high population
local events. Thanks Andy for your years mining and corporations in general Watson, that greywater should never be density or rotation of individuals not
of dedication to the NEC! have made up to manipulate the tree run onto the open ground as a matter committed to taking care as to what
Ted Halstead, who has tirelessly hugging community. Look at yourself, of disposal or in order to escape the gets put down the drain.
removed garbage and detritus from encouraging land management agencies cost of proper treatment. Pursuant to One reason that the new regulations
Liscom Slough, a tributary to Humboldt to manage, manage, manage by constantly the current regulations – and common are so exciting is it allows homeowners
Bay, for the past 10 years. Halstead didn’t responding to their requests for input. sense – greywater should not daylight who weren’t able to install systems
stop at just picking up the trash, he took Please help us with the new national to the soil surface at any point. A well- previously due to the burden of cost
a sledge hammer to old junk cars and parks and lets quit this management designed system will utilize mulch to get involved with their own simple
hauled them off in his Toyota pickup, and game once and for all, at least for a basins or constructed wetlands where system at home. This has benefits not
enlisted local businesses and nonprofits small portion of the planet. the water will remain sub-surface, only in water savings, but it brings us all
to help to clar the channel of debris . I am not a radical, just a critical providing moisture and nutrients for closer to understanding the role of water
Judge John R. Morrison, who in observer. This is an observation. This is the vegetation while effectively treating within our human communities and the
February dissolved the Del Norte County a part of where we need to go. Let’s not household effluent. surrounding environment.
Pacific Shores Subdivision Water District, waste any more time. Get onboard. Greywater should also never discharge Dan Ehresman
saving acres of sensitive habitatafter more Very Truly Yours, to another water source such as a Arcata
than 20 years of legal limbo.y Alden Moffatt stream, river or high groundwater table.
2 www.yournec.org April/May 2010 ECONEWS
Klamath Settlement Deals Signed - Now What?
By Jay Wright, NEC Klamath Campaign Coordinator
The February signing of the Klamath settlement the “Secretarial
agreements marks a major turning point for the Determination” process
Klamath conflict and could eventually lead to the largest which could ultimately
dam removal and river restoration project in history. lead to a decision by the
The deals call for removal of the lower four mainstem Secretary of the Interior
Klamath River dams in 2020, and spending more than by March 31, 2012, that
$985 million on agricultural diversions and basinwide Facilities Removal of
restoration projects. the four dams is in the
Although the signing was a major accomplishment, public interest, and will
the path ahead looks daunting and even murkier than advance restoration of
late summer flows from Iron Gate Dam. Now that salmonid fisheries.
the media spotlight has passed, many readers may be Part of this
wondering, “Now what?” and “What happens between determination requires
now and 2020?” an economic analysis
The next battles will be fought in the halls of that removal can occur
Congress as the twin agreements will require legislative within the $450 million
approval for funding and enactment into law. It is not cost cap. A change
yet clear who will be introducing the legislation, but to the definition of
the odds are on North Coast Representative, Mike Facilities Removal in the
Thompson. Without federal legislation, the deals will agreement could mean
die on the vine. that a substantially cost- Upper Klamath Lake National Refuge. The fate of the refuge, the Klamath salmon, and water allocations to ag-
In addition, the $250 million California portion of the reducing “blow-and-go” riculture remains in question until the newly signed Klamath agreements are supported by federal legislation..
funding for dam removal is currently dependent upon option is possible, rather Photo: U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
passage of the $11.1 billion water bond in November. than accomplishing full and ensure that the numerous additional layers of
Passage of this mega-bond seems unlikely in a state removal of all the facilities and appurtenances. scientific study do not lead to a delay in the Secretarial
already drowning in bond debt. Another important requirement will be full Determination.
concurrent state and national Environmental Impact One of the largest questions remaining centers on
Reports, with opportunities for public input. the lack of a completed Drought Plan. A draft is due by
Even the United Farmworkers Union blasted the Bond in September 30 of this year, but it is not yet clear where
late February and joined a growing group of conservation, Many More Studies and when the public will have meaningful input, or if the
fishing, environmental, tribal and family farming groups A government agency panel at the recent Klamath plan will be supported by external scientific peer review.
opposed to the bailout of corporate agribusiness. Basin Science Conference in Medford included Confounding efforts to craft a Drought Plan is the
Oregon has already passed a ratepayer surcharge representatives from the Bureau of Reclamation, looming actual drought predicted for this season. It is
that will cover $200 million for dam removal. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, and National Marine expected to reach historic proportions and may push
However, without the California contribution, either Fisheries Service. Each agency representative ticked the Klamath Basin into conflict along the lines of the
the Secretary of Interior must find that dam removal off a long laundry list of supporting scientific studies 2001 water crisis.
can be accomplished for substantially less money and assessments that will be necessary as input for the Oregon’s Governor and Senators have already called for
or an alternative mechanism for California funding Secretarial Determination. “immediate and coordinated” federal aid to help Klamath
must occur. Failing this, the agreement does contain It’s clear that there will be many opportunities for farmers, fish and wildlife cope. The 2010 water year will
a provision for private funding of dam removal, so the agencies to stall on studies and delay the process be an important test of whether the Klamath settlement
perhaps a deep-pocket benefactor might appear? in getting to dam removal. It will be critical for the agreements hold fast or whether the Basin once again
The driving factor for the next two years is public and environmental groups to force the timeline devolves into intractable conflicts over resources. y
Humboldt May Pioneer Energy From The Ocean By John Osborn
The race to find workable alternative energy sources period to see what environmental impacts this type of especially to salmon and whales.
is heating up, and no natural resource is being left energy production would have and how economically Officials say that these devices would be monitored
untested. So it is with the waves. viable it is. extensively to test for impacts and to make sure there’s
The infinite power of the Pacific Ocean could soon be These devices will feed energy to land via cables dug no hydraulic oil leaking into the ocean.
harnessed for what would be the first wave-energy project under the ocean bed, drilled into the shore underground, Some of the loudest cries of concern have come from
in the United States – and it may happen right here in then relayed through power stations in Fairhaven. fishermen, particularly crabbers, who worry about
Humboldt County. But the project faces its share of Five megawatts isn’t much in the scheme of energy. how this project would impact their already struggling
challenges, mainly due to the newness of the technology. Consider that the natural gas power plant being industry. Additionally, they are concerned about the
Portugal built the world’s first “wave farm” in 2008, constructed in King Salmon is expected to generate 163 safety of navigating their boats around these devices.
generating a meager 2.25 megawatts, but the project fell megawatts, and that’s still considered small. There is another unknown with this project: the
through due to technical and financial issues Marine Life Protection Act. Representatives
Scotland and England also have projects in the from the North Coast are currently working
works, and utility companies across the U.S. are to designate what parts of the coast will be
scrambling to find suitable locations. protected, as mandated by California. If the
Although there are a variety of ways to proposed wave project area gets designated a
capture the energy of the ocean, the process “Marine Reserve” – the most restricted type of
generally involves using waves to drive turbines protection – that could derail the entire project.
in one manner or another – kind of like how As to potential benefits to Humboldt County,
wind drives turbines on wind farms. But a big project like this will stimulate jobs, and, if
unlike wind power, the waves are much more this project succeeds, Humboldt could very well
predictable and pack more of a punch. become a center of renewable energy research.
Based on current calculations, wave power Of course the benefits of having a viable
has a small carbon footprint – 20 grams of CO2 alternative to fossil fuels in a time where the oil-
per kilowatt-hour compared to 90 for solar based economy is about as shaky as the earth
photovoltaic, 105 for biodiesel, and a staggering lately are obvious. Wave energy could be a step
974 for coal. It also has a decent energy return toward energy resilience for this community.
on energy invested – 15 to1 compared to 8 to 1 PG&E is applying to the Federal Energy
for solar pv and coal, or 2 to 1 for biodiesel. Regulatory Commission for a Draft Pilot License
In Humboldt County, PG&E has been studying Photo: Sam Camp © campimages.com which, if approved in 2011, would get the ball
the ins and outs of launching an experimental rolling. Public hearings will be announced at
wave energy system off the coast for the past two years. PG&E claims there is the equivalent of three Diablo that point. But it would still take two years before the
It hosted a public meeting about this project in February Canyon nuclear power plants – about 5,500 megawatts project is up and running, according to PG&E. y
in Eureka. Although PG&E has been eyeing sites up and – in the waves licking the California coastline. John C. Osborn is a local writer who recently developed
down the coast, the good waves and harbor infrastructure Economic And Environmental Worries an interest in community resilience and sustainability.
put Humboldt on the company’s radar. Although the subject of cost was addressed only He freelances on occasion with local newspapers and
Making Waves vaguely at the February meeting, federal grants have keeps a blog at www.johncosborn.com, where he posts
The company wisely chose to take the transparent paid for the initial studies and the manufacturers and short fiction, local political commentary, and other
route with this project, involving government officials, PG&E will foot part of the bill. PG&E officials estimated flights of fancy.
environmental groups, fishing organizations, and even wave energy to cost between $6,000 to $7,000 per
surfers from the beginning. These groups have formed kilowatt, mainly due to its experimental nature. In
into a coalition - the Humboldt Working Group. comparison, it is $1,000 per kilowatt for natural gas and For more information, visit PG&E’s web site:
The project, called Humboldt WaveConnect, proposes $3,000 for wind. http://www.pge.com/waveconnect/
to test two dozen prototype wave energy conversion (WEC) Some environmentalists have expressed reservations or download the PDFs at:
devices, supplied by three to four different manufacturers, about the project. As of yet there is very little research http://www.pge.com/includes/docs/pdfs/
three nautical miles off the coast of Arcata. on how these devices affect the marine environment. shared/environment/pge/waveconnect/HWG-
The devices would generate five megawatts of power, Advocates worry about unforeseen environmental MembersList.pdf
most of which would go to Eureka, for a 5-10 year effects and disruptions to marine life and ecosystems,
ECONEWS April/May 2010 www.yournec.org 3
Trucks Versus Trees - Highway Realignment Continued from page 1
Jacqueline Debets, Humboldt County Miller thinks this would cause local businesses to lay
Economic Development Coordinator, said that off employees and even force closures.
many of the county’s small manufacturers and Some business owners agree with Miller and oppose
exporters have suffered for years from these the project, despite the potential benefits to their
restrictions. These businesses, she contends, bottom line from savings in shipping.
provide good-paying jobs and name-recognition “Our biggest industry is tourism,” said Talia Rose,
to Humboldt County. owner of Organic Grace in Garberville. “They come up
“Exporting businesses exponentially drive up here for the vibe and the way of life. All that’s going to
our economy,” said Debets. change if we have big trucks coming through.”
Bob McCall, sales and marketing manager for Increased truck traffic through Eureka poses another
Cypress Grove Chevre, a local manufacturer of set of problems, Miller pointed out.
award-winning cheeses, said the restriction “very He said that citizens have not been given an
much limits our ability to be more successful with opportunity to assess the impacts of increased traffic
our products.” He added that the Arcata company from large diesel trucks passing through the city and
supplies 45 good-paying jobs with benefits. driving on side streets which are ill-equipped to handle
“We sell the vast majority of our cheeses out such vehicles.
of the area,” he said. “Small(er) trucks create a Emergency Responders Worried
problem because we have to ‘cross-dock’ This The prospect of more truck traffic along this section
takes time, money and it’s hard on the cheeses’ of highway raises red flags for the Piercy Fire Protection
short shelf life.” Cross docking, he said, means District, whose volunteers respond to emergencies and
they must drop the product off in the San accidents on the long rural stretch of highway between
Francisco Bay Area and then load it onto a bigger Willits and Fortuna.
truck in order to be transported to its final Commissioner Jeff Hedin said he is hugely concerned
destination. about a significant increase in truck traffic without
Once the cheese is wrapped at the manufacturing better funding for emergency response.
facility it needs to get to the consumer within four “We’re underfunded and underequipped,” he said,
to eight weeks depending on the specific cheese. “So adding that emergency response from Willits to Fortuna
Locations of proposed tree removal, map from Caltrans DEIR we sell very little of the cheeses with 6-8 weeks shelf is 100 percent volunteer during most of the year.
life on the East Coast,” McCall said, noting that there are “It bothers me tremendously that as we improve our
members to send letters to Caltrans opposing the just too many time consuming steps that gobble up shelf [highway] transportation systems we are not improving
highway realignment at Richardson Grove. life to guarantee the cheese’s freshness when it reaches the
CBD is a national organization with an impressive consumer.
track record of successful lawsuits forcing government The lack of access to STAA trucks also
agencies to back off projects that threaten endangered affects the company’s ability to import
species, so the project’s opponents have gained a needed supplies. “Coming and going we
formidable ally. pay more than any of our competitors on
Floyd said the Final EIR is almost completed and will the West Coast,” stated McCall.
be available to the public in early May. “All comments But he said it’s definitely the
we received during the comment period will be additional cost of exporting their
responded to,” said Floyd. Caltrans received nearly 1,000 product that is hampering the company’s
comments. ability to grow and develop more jobs.
“We are still getting comment cards and letters,” He gave the example of 950 Safeway
Floyd said. “We certainly are looking at those and stores that had authorized three flavors
reviewing them for anything new that might need to be of the company’s fresh chevre line.
addressed.” However, “because of the complexity
People can still call with questions or send letters and additional costs of shipping, several
and comments even after the release of the FEIR, said of the chains decided not to continue to
Floyd, but once that document is certified the agency carry it,” he said.
will be going ahead with permitting and obtaining the “This would have been a significant
environmental clearance to begin the project. increase in our sales and we could
Originally scheduled for this year, the project is now possibly have gotten a couple more
planned to begin this winter, and Floyd anticipates it employees out of that deal,” McCall
to be completed, and the road open to normal traffic, added. “The distributors just can’t believe The road is popular with bicyclists who must ride on the narrow shoulder. This
including STAA trucks, by the end of 2011. they can’t get their trucks up here.” highway project does not include additional bike trails or other accommodations for
Other businesses have faced similar bicyclists. Photo: Caltrans.
Boon For Business? losses of revenue due to the restriction, our funding for emergency services to respond to the
Several local business owners and their advocates including Sun Valley Bulb Farm whose flowers are increase in accidents,” Hedin lamented. “The system in
disagree with the assessment that a highway high volume and low weight. Representatives say they place was developed in the ‘40s and ‘50s and has not
realignment will cause damage to the redwoods, the could fit far more flowers on the larger trucks, saving been upgraded since.”
ecosystem and to the esthetics of the park. They argue greenhouse gas emissions as well as money. Hedin is worried that the bigger trucks are less stable
that the highway changes are minor and that the Lost Coast Brewery is another area exporter that has than their California certified counterparts, and he
benefits of removing a severe economic disadvantage been forced to absorb additional shipping cost. is not sure if their stabilizing equipment will work to
are significant enough to warrant this project. Debets said that the lack of access creates such a rescue big trucks going off embankments.
But critics say it will hurt small businesses in favor of significant disadvantage that some businesses, such As it stands now, Hedin said, they often have to call
big box stores, confound local emergency services and as Premier Meats and Amulet Manufacturing, have down to Laytonville and wait hours to rescue truck
add to the damage already suffered by local Tribes from relocated out of the area. drivers who are trapped in their cab after an accident.
the desecration of their traditional sacred places within “Also, there’ll be businesses that won’t move here
the redwood region. The Tribal Redwood Connection
because of it,” Debets added.
The InterTribal Sinkyone Wilderness Council,
Is It Worth It?
a nonprofit Native land conservation organization
But Dr. Ken Miller, a community member working to comprised of 10 federally recognized California Indian
stop the project, wonders if business concerns warrant Tribes, is emphatically opposed to the project.
endangering one of the last groves of old-growth redwoods. “Richardson Grove and the area around it represents
“These businesses aren’t really hurting right now,” a very important part of local Indian peoples’ cultural
Miller said, “so is heritage,” said Hawk Rosales, executive director of the
it worth it?” Council. “The Redwood trees are a critical part of the
“If you look at significance of the grove because they are considered to
the entire business be sacred to native peoples.”
community, In testimony read to Caltrans during a June 2009
there’s the town hall meeting, the Council stated, “The genocide
argument that of this land’s Indigenous Peoples in the mid-1800s was
this will actually followed by the decimation of more than 96 percent of
destroy jobs,” he the region’s old growth redwoods. As Indigenous People
added, pointing and survivors of this holocaust we are taking a stand
out that since on this land of our ancestors to protect our relative the
Wal-Mart and redwood tree, which is unable to defend itself.”
Home Depot will The InterTribal Sinkyone Wilderness Council
only site on STAA issued a letter of comment to Caltrans expressing its
routes, allowing opposition and advocating the “No Build Alternative”
these trucks along with additional traffic-calming measures as an
unlimited access alternative solution.
into the county “The amount of space devoted to alternatives is tiny
will just make it in the Caltrans DEIR as opposed to the data supporting
easier for such the highway widening project,” said Rosales. “The No
The InterTribal Sinkyone Wilderness Council, which opposes the proposed highway realignment, held a cultural event
at Richardson Grove last August. An afternoon of traditional prayer and song was intended to recognize, honor and big-box stores to
pray for their relation the Kahs-tcho (redwood tree.) Top: InterTribal Sinkyone banner, Bottom: Alaki singers from move here.
Round Valley Indian Tribes. Photos © Intertribal Sinkyone Wilderness Council.
Continued next page
4 www.yournec.org April/May 2010 ECONEWS
businesses that ship heavy goods and it is much slower
Build Alternative is barely discussed. The DEIR is weighted
than direct trucking. Additionally, it will be at least two
unfairly towards promoting this project.”
years before it comes to fruition in the county.
Indeed the 182-page DEIR devotes less than 10 pages
“It is not a solution in and of itself,” said Pepper. “But
to describing proposed alternatives to the project and
it’s an important tool to assist businesses.”
refuting their viability. Included in that discussion were
Meanwhile, critics of the Richardson Grove highway
other widening proposals, including a compete bypass of
realignment say that a combination of other alternatives
the park, but most of these were rejected because they
could allow limited access of STAA trucks into the
would require the removal of many more trees.
county hence serving the needs of local exporters, while
Alternate Choices? preserving the integrity of the Grove and preventing
Signalization alternatives – which would use traffic Highway 101 from becoming another big truck corridor.
lights to restrict two-way traffic through certain sections, Some are advocating a combination of traffic signals,
or allow STAA access only at night when a signal was in and speed limit reductions, along with an effort to
operation - were also dismissed, as were warning systems lobby for a legislative truck exemption for specific small
such as signs, lights and reduced speed advisories. businesses.
Caltrans rejected a No Build Alternative saying that “Our stance is not to ignore the economic needs of
Various local manufacturers and exporters,
Sun Valley Bulb Farm, Lost Coast Brewery and without construction to remove the physical constraints, the county’s businesses,” as one opponent put it. “We
Cypress Grove Chevre among them, experi- safety hazards would continue to exist and STAA trucks are a creative, resourceful community. We can find
ence difficulty exporting and importing goods would continue to be restricted, placing businesses at an alternative economic solutions.” y
because industry standard trucks are prohibited economic disadvantage.
from entering the county.
Many argue, however, that other measures can be taken
that would both preserve the integrity of Richardson
Learn More/Take Action
Grove and the Extensive details on the proposed highway
surrounding area and realignment can be found on the Caltrans web
What is an STAA Truck? allow businesses to site for the project: http://www.dot.ca.gov/dist1/
Industry standard-sized trucks conform- improve their options d1projects/richardson_grove/
ing to the State Transportation Assistance for moving freight.
Act of 1982 exceed 65 feet in overall Short sea shipping
You can find additional information about the
length - the maximum length for has been touted as a potential impacts of the project and suggested
“California Legal” trucks. potential viable option alternatives, and sign a petition to save the grove
STAA trucks have been prohibited from for some exporting at www.saverichardsongrove.org
the Richardson Grove section of 101 businesses. But Steven Although the official comment period has
because the tight curves between large Pepper, owner of closed, Caltrans will review new information
redwood tress make it difficult for the Humboldt Maritime
submitted. Send your comments to:
longer rucks to stay within the travel Logistics, cautioned
lane without using part of the opposing that although this will Kim Floyd, Project Manager
lane or the unpaved shoulder. However be a useful option for P.O. Box 3700
our region’s shippers,
legislative exemptions exist for cattle Eureka, CA 95502-3700
the mode has
trucks and moving vans. limitations. Kim_Floyd@dot.ca.gov
Graphic from Caltrans web site
It will be limited to (707)441-5739
What To Do With The Mad River’s Liquid Assets
By Nathaniel Page
Left: Mouth of the Mad River.
Photo: Sam Camp: © campphoto.com
survive more frequently. Increasing the amount of fresh
water flowing down the river would shrink that brackish
comparable customer, the parties will have to zone unless the estuary was expanded to encompass its
settle on compromise terms if the facility does historic breadth across the Arcata bottoms.
open. But, because the pulp market is so volatile, No water district in the state has ever justified its
the District would prefer not to depend on it water use on the basis of preserving in-stream flows.
forever. However, the State Water Resources Board does offer
“Pulp is a fluctuating market,” Sopoci-Belknap the option of doing so – as long as the permit holder
said. “We can’t depend on the pulp mill going can demonstrate that the permitted flows are helping
forward.” fish populations.
The District could also expand its boundaries “We’d definitely have to prove that the water would
to include Fortuna, Ferndale, Rio Dell and be benefitting salmon populations,” Sopoci-Belknap
Scotia in the south, and Trinidad in the north. said, adding that the ecological effects would be more
However, those small communities would not widespread. “There’d be species that would benefit and
be able to afford the cost of laying the lengths of some that wouldn’t,” she said.
pipe necessary to reach them. Since the Mad River has not flowed naturally since
“If it was feasible, it would have already been the 1960s, there is very little data about its salmon
done,” Laird said. Furthermore, those towns populations. No studies of that sort have been done
Faced with too much water and a would not consume anywhere near as much water as on the main stem, and only two have been done
shortage of funds, the Humboldt Bay Municipal Water the District is permitted. on tributaries – the North Fork and its minuscule
District (HBMWD) held two public meetings early this The second solution, selling the water outside the contributor, Canyon Creek.
year to address the future of the Mad River’s flows. district, is the most contentious. Humboldt Baykeeper No one knows how manipulated flows have
Three solutions emerged. The HBMWD will either executive director Pete Nichols, who represents affected the salmon populations. To demonstrate an
sell its extra water inside the district, sell it outside environmental interests on the District’s advisory improvement in the fish populations over time would be
the district or find a way to make money by allowing committee, called it “the least palatable solution.” impossible without major studies, and it is unclear who
it to run into the ocean. Each option presents various It would involve transporting water by some untested might undertake such studies. Laird suspects that the
problems, but according to District board member method to some as-yet-unidentified outside customer, river’s extra flows have not significantly improved the
Kaitlin Sopoci-Belknap, the ultimate solution will perhaps a city in southern California. Whether such a fish population, based on anecdotal evidence.
involve a combination of the three – or else the scheme would preserve the District’s ability to control “Since we’ve increased summer flow, you’d think we’d
remaining customers will have to foot the bill. its water, and whether it would be a good deal for get a big bounce from that,” he said. “But it doesn’t look
The easiest option would be to sell the water inside local ratepayers, would depend upon the details of a like we do.” y
the district via the existing system of pipelines. That hypothetical contract with the unidentified customer.
would require luring a water-intensive industry to a Nathaniel Page occasionally writes for ECONEWS.
location on Humboldt Bay, or the reopening of the pulp
No outside entity has yet expressed any interest
in buying Mad River water. Despite its undeveloped More Meetings Planned
The latter event is still possible, but not in less
nature, however, this option has the most obvious
than two years. The District is in negotiations with
potential for rescuing the District from its financial
Phase 3 of the water resources planning process
Freshwater Tissue co-founder Bob Simpson and hopes is now underway, with a series of public meet-
to sell his company 15 million gallons per day – about ings scheduled for June.
The third option is to allow the extra water to simply
a quarter of the District’s permitted capacity – if the HBMWD urges citizens to participate in this
flow into the ocean. The biggest problem with this
facility does reopen. year-long effort at community engagement.
option is that there is no clear way to make money on it.
Sopoci-Belknap said that while negotiations have
One idea is that the District might be able to enter Meetings are scheduled as follows:
been going well, the two parties have encountered
into a mitigation scheme with a community that would Tuesday, June 1 - Azalea Hall, McKinleyville
sticking points. For example, mill leadership does not
pay to maintain fish populations in the Mad River to Thursday, June 3 - D Street Neighborhood Cen-
want to pay the varying electric bill for pumping water
offset its own effects on another waterway. ter, Arcata
to the mill.
But increasing flows might be detrimental to the Tuesday, June 15 - Wharfinger Bldg, Eureka
“We sure would like to sell him the water,” said
river’s fish. Laird said that fish do their fastest growing
District board member Aldaron Laird. And because the All meetings begin at 6 p.m.
in the brackish water zone near the mouth of the river
mill has no other source of water, and the District no
before setting out to sea, where bigger fish tend to
For more information, visit www.hbmwd.com
ECONEWS April/May 2010 www.yournec.org 5
Options For Preserving Humboldt’s Forest Resource By Jennifer Kalt
How to maintain large tracts of timberland, and the discussed would limit houses to one per 600
jobs and environmental qualities they support, is one of acres on industrial TPZ lands, while allowing
the complex problems confronting Humboldt County as smaller landowners to live on the land they
it completes its 20-year General Plan Update. manage.
Property taxes on Timber Production Zones (TPZ) Several other proposals would give small
are about 10 percent of standard property taxes. But TPZ landowners more flexibility while
over the last two decades, residential value has begun to ensuring that the large contiguous areas of
eclipse timber value. TPZ can’t be broken up into small individual
As land is subdivided into smaller parcels and land parcels.
values increase based on residential use, the economic If different rules are adopted for large industrial
viability of sustainable timber harvesting diminishes. landowners, the following policies would apply to
Unless policies to protect working timberlands are landowners of less than 5000 acres:
adopted, Humboldt County could lose its timber base •Easier “Rollout” of Smaller TPZ Parcels:
and vital forested landscape. Such policies are needed Currently a four-fifths vote of the Board of
to protect working forestlands from being divided up, Supervisors is required to remove land from
while allowing small landowners to live on the land they TPZ zoning and tax status, typically with a
sustainably manage. 10-year waiting period. This new policy would
Between 1997 and 2008, 35,000 acres of Humboldt allow easier rollout for parcels under 160 acres.
County’s industrial timberlands were divided up Rollout to rural residential or agricultural
through “Certificates of Compliance,” according to zoning would allow one house per legal parcel.
the North Coast Regional Land Trust. Obtaining •Option to Remain in TPZ: The Healthy
a Certificate of Compliance is a way to divide land Humboldt Coalition recommends giving
without any environmental review or land use planning. owners of smaller TPZ parcels (fewer than
Since 2008, owners of an additional 15,000 acres 160 acres) the option to remain in TPZ with
initiated the steps to divide TPZ lands using this same demonstration of active forest management,
process. These Certificates allow for the construction of such as an approved timber harvest plan,
residences on land that would otherwise be primarily non-industrial timber management plan,
used for timber production and habitat values. erosion control plan, habitat restoration
Though many rural areas in the county have long plan, or fuels reduction plan. This would
been homesteaded, there is currently no way to distinguish landowners who are working to
distinguish between homesteading and breaking land restore forest ecosystem values from those
up for less environmentally friendly lifestyles. who are not so dedicated. Photo: Jen Kalt
Timberlands can be protected by promoting •Planned Rural Development Program:
well-planned development in areas served by public Environmentally sound residential development
infrastructure, while discouraging widespread in appropriate areas would group houses together
residential development of rural forestlands. Focusing while keeping the remainder forested under
most future residential development in existing conservation easements. TAKE ACTION
communities will protect timberlands and open space, A combination of such policies would guide future Express your opinion on the General Plan Up-
ensuring long-term viability of the timber industry – an development to benefit small TPZ owners while date by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org.
essential economic base for our communities. protecting the long-term base of Humboldt County’s For more information on the Forest Resources
So the question for planners is how can the General chapter of the Land Use Element, visit www.
Plan Update encourage small landowners to manage for Jennifer Kalt is Policy Analyst for Healthy Humboldt, a healthyhumboldt.org.
forest ecosystem values while discouraging the sale of coalition of public interest organizations (including the
To read the policies under consideration, see
TPZ land to people who lack a land ethic? NEC) working for a County General Plan that provides
the Forest Resources Voting Chart at http://
One current policy option in the General Plan healthy transportation and housing choices while
protecting resource lands and watersheds by focusing
Update would create different rules for industrial PlanAlt.aspx.
and non-industrial TPZ lands. Another policy being future growth in existing communities.
Planting Project To Benefit Salmon Satisfy Your Soul
Bulk Herbs & Teas * Essential Oils * Herbalist Supplies * Books
By Ryan Wells And So Much More
Serving Humboldt County since 1985
The North Coast Regional Land Trust (NRLT) is channels. The revegetation plan, developed by John On the Arcata Plaza Open 7 Days 707-822-5296
seeking volunteers for the revegetation phase of its Bair, riparian botanist for McBain & Trush, mirrors
Want a Cabin by a River?
habitat restoration project in Freshwater. natural conditions at the site.
NRLT owns and manages the 54-acre Freshwater This phase of the project follows the installation
Farms Reserve located on diked former tidelands of fish screens and the excavation of four slough
along Humboldt Bay, just west of Three Corners networks – totaling about 3,200 feet in length – from Have Ours
Market. The area is historically dominated by salt the historic marsh plain.
marsh but was converted, through diking and Two existing seasonal ponds were also excavated
simplification of the slough systems, into drier land to provide year-round habitat for tidewater goby
for agriculture. (Eucyclogobius newberryi). Tidewater goby were
Endangered and threatened fish species, including known to inhabit the existing pond south of the Wood
coho salmon and steelhead and coastal cutthroat Creek tide gate and it is hoped they will migrate
Jade River Lodge
trout, have been impeded from entering the greater through the new slough system and utilize these
Joe & Sally Gillespie
Freshwater slough system by a levee and gate, so the newly-excavated brackish water pools.
habitat-restoration project was initiated in 2006. An existing wooden flap tide gate at the mouth
The revegetation phase will begin on March 31 of Wood Creek was opened in October, allowing
and is expected to be completed by April 15. More full access to the project site for fish, crustaceans
than 46,000 native wetland-associated plants will and other aquatic species, as well as the tides that
be planted across some newly constructed tidal bring them in. Once the project manager and project
hummocks and along the margins of the new slough engineer agree that the restoration site has settled,
the tide gate will be dismantled in place and
Volunteer planting days are scheduled for
April 1 and April 10, from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m.
Smaller groups are also welcome to come and
work alongside the California Conservation
Corps weekdays between April 5 and April 15.
The project area is tidally influenced and
receives some periods of flooding, though
planting times will be scheduled for low- GLOBAL VILLAGE GALLERY
tide periods. Because of standing water and Textiles • Beads 973 H Street Arcata
saturated wetland soils, rubber boots are Clothes • Jewelry 826-2323
Open 7 days a week
recommended, along with gardening gloves,
water, and snacks. A portable restroom will be
To help, contact Ryan Wells, NRLT Project
The 29-acre wetland restoration site during an 8.4-foot high tide. Twenty acres Manager, at (707) 822-2242. y
of the Land Trust property remain unflooded and in agricultural production,
creating a mixed-use management of this conservation property. Photo cour- Ryan Wells is the project manager for the North
tesy Ryan Wells, NRLT. Coast Regional Land Trust.
6 www.yournec.org April/May 2010 ECONEWS
Kin to the Earth
Making A Difference Through Music: Bruce Cockburn By Sarah O’Leary
Deforestation, land mines, mass extinctions – these Enough pressure was brought to bear that an
are just some of the environmental and humanitarian international treaty was signed in 2007 banning
issues that Bruce Cockburn sings about, inspiring landmines, said Cockburn. Around 450 countries,
activists and ordinary citizens the world over to act to including Canada, are signatories to that treaty.
end injustice and environmental destruction. “But the big ones haven’t signed yet,” he said,
“My role is as an attention-getter,” said Cockburn. noting that the U.S., China and Russia have resisted
“People come to me with a request to help get attention signing the treaty. Cockburn has performed several
and raise awareness about something.” benefit concerts to raise awareness on this issue and
And the Canadian singer/songwriter has been to galvanize grassroots support in compelling the U.S.
doing just that for the bulk of his career. This year he government to sign the treaty.
was presented with Earth Day Canada’s Outstanding Take A Stand
Commitment to the Environment Award, in Whether your pressing issue is deforestation,
recognition of three decades of being an outspoken species extinction, climate change or another
voice on issues relating to the environment. manifestation of a world out of balance, Cockburn
“There’s a steadily unfolding tragedy out there,” said says to get involved in whatever way you can.
Cockburn. “And it’s enough to piss us all off.” “To the extent that we still have democracy
In addition to producing a repertoire of 30 albums, you’ve got to keep pounding your representatives in
Cockburn has performed benefit concerts for a myriad government about this stuff – because they run on
of small environmental organizations in the U.S. votes and if they think they’re gonna get voted out
and Canada, including an upcoming concert for the they’re gonna listen,” he said.
Siskiyou Land Conservancy scheduled for April 23 at “It’s a slow and frustrating process but it’s the best
the Arcata Theatre Lounge. thing we’ve got right now – other than taking direct
One of Cockburn’s most popular songs, “If a Tree action of course and getting in the way.”
Falls” penned in the mid-‘80s, poignantly evokes the Cockburn acknowledged that the direct action
devastation wrought by overlogging. The song later route is not open for everyone.
became the title cut for a 1996 album produced to “That is an option of course for those who can do it
benefit Southern Humboldt’s Trees Foundation. and are inspired to do it,” he said. “ But for everybody
Although some interpret the lyrics to describe the else, the 9 to 5ers, those with kids in school or other
destruction of the Amazonian rainforest, Cockburn concerns – it’s through the political arena that we can
said that the song was inspired by a radio documentary make things happen.”
on the disappearing woodlands in Borneo along with sitting on it.” He pointed to the Siskiyou Land Conservancy
his own experiences driving through the diminishing “There’s a heartbreak in that,” he said. “It’s like this (SLC) as a positive effort to make effective change.
forests in British Columbia. was a beautiful thing and it ain’t there anymore and it’s The organization purchases land parcels to hold in
“It was easy to make the connection between the never coming back.” conservation.
tropics and the northwest rainforest,” said Cockburn. Music isn’t the only medium that Cockburn uses “The strategy is effective and it’s a way to do an end
Born in Ottawa in 1945, Cockburn attended Berklee to raise awareness about environmental and political run,” he said. “This is how we got the land mine treaties
College of Music in Boston in the early ‘60s, but gave issues. During the late ‘90s he was deeply involved in signed, they did an end run around the formal political
up jazz guitar for rock ‘n’ roll and folk music. His 1979 creating the film “River of Sand” about the effects of processes and went ahead and fixed it.”
hit, “Wondering Where the Lions Are,” gained him desertification in Mali, and 2008 saw the release of the Finding ways to circumvent obstacles makes good
recognition on this continent when it reached the top Canadian film, “Return to Nepal” in which Cockburn activism, Cockburn said. “If the government isn’t going
25 on the U.S. Billboard charts. examines the connection between humans and the to protect the land in question, buy it and protect it
A Respect For The Wild environment. yourself.”
Cockburn said he learned to love the wilderness “The desertification of Mali is a lot about You can’t take on everything, Cockburn tells those
as a young child during summers spent at a camp at deforestation. When you talk to the old people in those who would change the world. “Go for the thing that
Algonquin Park in Ontario. villages, they can remember looking up at the hillsides looks like you can grab it. If everybody did that I think
“We would go on extended canoe trips, sometimes and seeing them covered with trees, ” said Cockburn. the world would be in a less dire state than it is,” he said.
a hundred miles,” he said. “Paddling through that “And there were animals in the bush - lions, birds. “And for those that are spiritually inclined at all –
wilderness and seeing traces of where there had been And it was all cut down for firewood – there’s no more pray like hell.” y
logging in the past drove a respect for the wild into me, animals, there’s no more trees, there’s no more water.”
and that shaped my whole attitude toward the world” The musician has worked since 1995 on the Bruce Cockburn will perform a benefit
His awareness of the fragility of the environment international effort to ban land mines worldwide. concert for the Siskiyou Land Conser-
grew in the early ‘70s, Cockburn said, when he lived in “Landmines are evidence that war is the biggest
a truck and spent much of his time traveling through polluter of all,” he said.
vancy on April 23 at the Arcata Theatre
western Canada. The musician joined with activists in an effort to Lounge. For ticket information visit
“You’d see something for the first time and it was bring about a international ban on the destructive http://siskiyouland.wordpress.com and
amazing,” he said. “Then the third time through you’d military practice. click on the Bruce Cockburn tab.
notice it wasn’t there anymore – it’s got a development
Oceans Become Perilously Acidic
By Pete Nichols
Much of the discussion revolving around climate to make their skeletons. Coral and many types of
change has focused on carbon dioxide (CO2) shellfish will find it much harder to build their shells
emissions into the atmosphere as the major culprit as the ocean becomes more acidic. Moreover, it can
impacting our global climate. However, as in any also impact the species that rely on those organisms as
natural system, ecosystem functions and processes are a food source.
inextricably linked and now scientists are beginning to While the study’s findings are certainly
look at the impacts of CO2 emissions on the world’s troubling and reveal the true complexities of global
oceans. climate change, an opportunity to impact how the
A new study, published in Nature Geoscience, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulates
found that ocean acidification is occurring about carbon emissions may result from this crisis. Athing Wellness Center
10 times faster than a similar event 55 million years The agency has agreed to explore ways to tighten Chiropractic, Massage and Acupuncture
ago. That event resulted in massive extinctions in the its regulations regarding ocean acidification under the James Athing, Doctor of Chiropractic
world’s oceans. Clean Water Act. Soft Tissue Specialist
Work, Auto & Sports Injuries
Scientists are concerned that high levels of CO2 are The decision results from a 2009 lawsuit filed by
735 12th Street, Arcata (707)822-7419 www.athingchiropractic.com
being released into the atmosphere at a much greater the Center For Biological Diversity, which argued that
rate than occurred millions of years ago and that, the coastal waters off Washington State had become
A KLAMATH MOUNTAIN CABIN
coupled with rising ocean temperatures could have a acid enough to violate EPA standards, and that these
significant effect on the biology of the seas. waters should be designated impaired under the Clean Peaceful and Private
The ocean absorbs approximately one-fourth Water Act. Nearby great swimming, hiking & biking
For more info contact Max or Nena Creasy
to one-half of the CO2 that humans add to the The ruling will require EPA to create a process for 530-469-3413 Somes Bar, CA
atmosphere each year, greatly reducing the impact of all states with coastlines to address ocean acidification www.vrbo.com Property # 7696
this greenhouse gas on climate. However, when CO2 through monitoring the chemistry of their coastal
dissolves in seawater, carbonic acid is formed, which waters and to provide support as they develop Save the Dolphin More information at
lowers the natural pH of the ocean. regulations to control CO2 emission levels. y Blue Dolphin Alliance
This phenomenon, called ocean acidification, can
trigger significant impacts to the marine environment, Pete Nichols is the executive director of Humboldt www.bluedolphin.org
especially on species that rely on calcium carbonate Baykeeper. Save Yourself 888-694-2537
ECONEWS April/May 2010 www.yournec.org 7
Chinook Stocks Up Slightly, But Coho Stocks Decline
Submitted by the Hoopa Valley Tribe Fisheries Department
Despite devastating destruction to Pacific salmon reach of the Trinity River was 4,249. The total tribal
stocks, the magnificent fish is showing small signs harvest was 28,565, with the majority harvested on the
of recovery. Yurok Reservation in the estuary.
After two years of recreational ocean salmon Of the total tribal harvest, 15,700 were sold
fishing closures, and four years of ocean commercial commercially by Yurok Tribal members. A portion
salmon fishing closures, the 2010 season forecast for of Hoopa tribal harvest was sold commercially. The
Klamath River and Central Valley stocks show levels of remaining fish were used for subsistence and ceremonial
abundance that could allow fishermen to get their boats purposes.
back on the water, briefly. The number of commercially harvested salmon in
The Pacific Coast Fishery Management Council 2009 was up by 3,500 fish from the 2008 commercial
(PFMC) released its post-season recap in mid March harvest. Ocean commercial fishing was banned on the
detailing the 2009 fall salmon runs and suggested California coast during the 2009 season.
options for the coming season. Recreational harvest for the Klamath and Trinity Rivers
“Although the 2009 Klamath River run was lower than totaled 7,790. The California ocean recreational season was
predicted, 2010 holds slightly more promise,” Hoopa limited this year with brief late-season openings on the
Valley Tribal Fisheries Director, Mike Orcutt said. North Coast. There were 5,400 recorded ocean vessel trips
“The PFMC predicts that an abundance of four-year- with 673 chinook salmon caught.
old salmon will migrate up Klamath and Trinity
rivers this year, with a slight increase in harvest
opportunities for tribal and non-tribal fisheries.” More than 112,000 Chinook Salmon returned to the Klamath Basin to
2009 Spawner Overview spawn during the 2009 season. Data retrieved by several tribal, state,
and federal organizations is compiled and used to determine the run
On the Trinity River more than 23,000 fall run size. Over half of the Chinook returning to the Klamath Basin entered
chinook spawned naturally in the mainstem and the Trinity River to spawn in the Trinity Basin.
tributaries. Another 7,500 were spawned at the Trinity
River Hatchery. On the Klamath River nearly 30,000 season. Tribal and recreational harvest information
spawned naturally and about 13,500 were spawned will be available on May 1.
at Iron Gate Hatchery. The total for the Klamath The PFMC proposed the following options:
Basin, including the Trinity River, was 52,702 natural Sport Season Options - California ocean sport
spawners and 20,986 hatchery spawners. fishing options for the Fort Bragg, San Francisco, and
Escapement goals, the Monterey areas range from entirely closed to nearly full
amount of adult fish the summer seasons that would begin April 3. One option
PFMC determine need is to raise size limits from 20 to 24 inches in the San
Francisco and Monterey areas to protect ESA listed
to spawn naturally and Top: The Willow Creek Weir is installed in early to mid Sacramento winter chinook stocks.
in the hatchery setting, August before the fall run reaches the Trinity River. The Weir
Chinook ocean sport fishing options for the Eureka,
is co-managed by the California Department of Fish and
were met and exceeded Game and the Hoopa Valley Tribe. Constantly attended, the Crescent City, and Brookings areas have start dates
by about 4,000 – a slight fish passing through are counted. The numbers are just one ranging from late May to early July, and all options run
part of a complex formula designed to estimate the total through Labor Day.
boost that can be expected
to improve runs in 2013 Left: Hoopa Valley Tribal Fisheries technician Loren Aubrey For the Tillamook, Newport, Coos Bay, and
measures and takes scale samples from a fall run chinook that Brookings areas, recreational options include mark-
and 2014 if river flows was harvested on the Trinity River in Hoopa. Scale samples are
used to build an age composition report for the Pacific Fishery selective coho fishing seasons starting in June or July
and restoration projects
Management Council, the organization that determines the and running into August, with quotas between 25,000
provide favorable habitat. pre season allocation and post season harvest. and 35,000, less than half of the 2009 quota. Chinook
Data gathered by the fishery options range from two to six months.
Hoopa Valley Tribe, What to expect in 2010 Commercial season options - Commercial ocean
Yurok Tribe, California The PFMC released options for public review chinook salmon fishing options in California range from
Department of Fish and and will hold a hearing in Eureka to discuss the closed to substantial seasons in all areas. Options for
Game, and the U.S. Fish coming season’s options. The hearing will be the Oregon season in the Brookings area range from
and Wildlife Service is combined and mulled over each at the Red Lion Hotel March 30, at 7 p.m. For more small quotas in June and July to traditional time and area
year to calculate the season’s run. That data will be used information, visit the PFMC website at www.pcouncil. quota-based seasons running from May through August.
to estimate future runs. Data is gathered by surveying org. Click on the salmon tab. There will not be any commercial fisheries for coho
counts at weirs and surveying spawning beds (redds). Klamath River fall chinook are forecast to meet salmon in central and southern Oregon this year.
2009 Harvest Overview the minimum natural spawning goal of 35,000, and More information on these options and public
The Yurok tribal harvest was a little more than the 2010 management objective of 40,700. Coho hearing dates and times can be found at the Fishery
24,300. The Hoopa tribal harvest on the lowermost returns are expected to be lower than the 2009 Council website, www.pcouncil.org. y
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Low Impact Development: New Tools to Improve Water Quality By Jennifer Kalt
Left: This grassy “bioswale” in a parking lot is Monitoring of swales has documented significant
an example of a low impact design feature that
helps filter heavy metals, oil and grease so that removals of metals and total suspended solids, though
polluted runoff does not reach nearby streams. reductions in pollutants such as nitrates and phosphates
Photo: Jen Kalt have been variable.
Site-specific design features that generate LID works equally well in new development and
less surface runoff, less pollution, less erosion, redevelopment projects, and can also be used to retrofit
and less overall damage to lakes, streams, and existing development.
coastal waters are the essence of LID. Such In many jurisdictions, these development
features also reduce the need for expensive principles are mandated in new residential and
centralized conveyance systems. commercial developments by local ordinance.
Vegetated swales, or “bioswales,” are In Humboldt County, however, LID is often
essentially shallow, sloped, grassy ditches made difficult by existing ordinances and polices
that act as both stormwater conveyance governing development.
and treatment systems. Pollutant removal The General Plan Update is a good opportunity
in swales is accomplished via filtration to adopt new guidelines to promote the use of Low
through channel and side slope vegetation, Impact Development to protect local creeks, rivers,
infiltration into the channel bottom and and coastal waters. y
activity of soil microbes.
Low Impact Development (LID) is
a suite of design features that reduces the environmental impacts of Common pollutants in urban runoff, their causes, and potential LID solutions*
For example, rain gardens, bioswales, rain barrels and Pollutant: Cause: LID Solutions:
permeable paths and driveways all help filter pollutants from Petroleum products, Impermeable pave- Permeable pavement, paving stones, reduction
stormwater runoff before it flows into creeks and rivers. heavy metals ment in paved surfaces, bioswales in parking lots and
In a typical residential neighborhood, much less rainfall adjacent to streets.
infiltrates the soil to be taken up by plants, and less evaporates into Nitrogen, phospho- Fertilizers and pesti- Rain gardens or bioswales to intercept runoff be-
rus, pesticides cides used for lawns fore it gets to storm drains. Infiltration into the soil
the atmosphere. Because of the increase in impervious surfaces and other landscap- allows breakdown by soil microbes; interception
associated with most development, about 20 to 30 percent of ing by plants that take up water and pollutants keeps
rainfall becomes stormwater runoff. them out of storm water.
This runoff carries pollutants and causes erosion as water runs Fecal coliform Pet excrement, leaks Rain gardens or bioswales, regular testing and
across rooftops, roads, and parking areas. Storm drains flow from municipal maintenance of sewer and stormwater systems.
sewer lines or septic Shallower sloped, longer, sandy soiled, and
directly into creeks, sloughs and marshes, carrying untreated systems densely grassed swales have the highest pollution
stormwater to Humboldt Bay and other coastal waters. removal rates.
Pollutants such as oil and antifreeze, brake pad dust, fertilizers Suspended solids Construction sites, Stormwater prevention “Best Management Prac-
and pesticides, sediment, and heavy metals from roofing material roads tices” such as straw wattles, tarping soil heaps,
are common in stormwater runoff and can have significant effects cleaning heavy equipment, etc.
Copper Roofs, vehicles Use of gutter runoff in landscaping, e.g. rain
on water quality. gardens, rain barrels and cisterns, green roofs, and
LID aims to control the problem close to the source, a new roof gardens; street sweeping.
approach to conventional practices of collecting and disposing of
stormwater off-site. This is achieved by reducing the amount of *Water conservation is always the first solution that should be employed. Planting na-
stormwater that needs to be treated through lessening the impervious
tive and/or drought-tolerant plants and using mulch are examples of water conserva-
footprint of a site. The end result is improved water quality.
tion measures for landscaping that will help protect water quality by reducing runoff.
Local Efforts Stem The Tide Of Water Pollution
By Jennifer Kalt
Nationwide, approximately 50 percent of water commonly found in stormwater runoff, including
pollution is caused by stormwater runoff. In California, fecal coliform bacteria, heavy metals, nutrients
pollution accumulates during dry summers, and with such as nitrates and phosphates, and pesticides
the first heavy rains, these pollutants are flushed into frequently used on lawns and landscaping.
storm sewers, creeks, and rivers, eventually flowing Physical parameters such as turbidity, pH, and
into the ocean and estuaries such as Humboldt Bay. total suspended solids are also measured.
Runoff from parking lots and roads, faulty septic or 2009 Results
sewage systems, agricultural and residential pesticide After the season’s first major storm,
use, and industrial sources all contribute to stormwater Humboldt County waterways often contain
pollution. Sediment from logging, roads, construction, much higher levels of fecal coliform bacteria
and landslides is also major source of polluted runoff. than water quality standards recommend
Humboldt Baykeeper’s Citizen Water Monitoring for recreational waters. These bacteria are
Program began in 2005 and now includes more than indicators of other pathogens, many of which
30 sites in 12 streams, including several stormwater are difficult to detect.
runoff ditches. Faulty septic systems, pet and livestock
The goal of the Water Monitoring Program is to feces, and leaky sewage pipes can all
document the present condition of local streams, to contribute to the high levels of fecal coliform Jen Kalt trains volunteers for the Humboldt Baykeeper Citizen Water Monito-
identify problem areas for future monitoring, and to find in local creeks. This year, several locations rin Program along Butcher’s Slough in Arcata. Photo: Humboldt Baykeeper.
solutions that reduce such pollution. were found to have extremely high levels
The data compares snapshots of water quality during of fecal coliform, though the causes are and washing cars at car washes, where chemicals and
the dry weather period in late summer and the “First unknown. (See graph below.) soaps will not runoff into storm drains and creeks.
Flush” after autumn’s first big storm sends pollutants The Humboldt County Environmental Health You can also create rain gardens and direct rain
washing off streets into storm drains and creeks. Department monitors fecal coliform near creek gutters to them. Such gardens can absorb much of
Samples are tested for a variety of pollutants that are mouths that deliver stormwater into the ocean. the stormwater that would otherwise flow into storm
Sampling results at Moonstone drains, ending up in creeks and Humboldt Bay.
Beach, Clam Beach, Trinidad For more information on Humboldt Baykeeper’s
State Beach, Luffenholtz Creek Citizen Water Monitoring Program, visit www.
and the mouth of the Mad River humboldtbaykeeper.org.
are posted on the county’s website Baykeeper thanks the dozens of dedicated volunteers
at http://co.humboldt.ca.us/HHS/ and partners, including the Cities of Eureka and Arcata,
PHB/EnvironmentalHealth/ Pacific Watershed Associates, Salmon Forever, and
OceanMonitoringProgram/. North Coast Laboratories, who help make this program
The County Health Department a success. y
recommends that beachgoers avoid
contact with coastal waters and
streams until at least three days after Jennifer Kalt is Humboldt Baykeeper’s Citizen Water
a heavy rainfall. Monitoring Coordinator, and advocates for better land
You Can Help use planning to protect our local waterways.
Citizens can help reduce
stormwater pollution by maintaining
septic systems, keeping livestock To get involved in the Citizen Water Moni-
out of creeks and rivers, picking up toring Program, call 707-268-8897, or
pet feces, reducing fertilizer and email email@example.com.
pesticide use in lawns and gardens,
ECONEWS April/May 2010 www.yournec.org 9
Go Play Outside: The Kokté Quest By Allison Poklemba
Left: The Kokté Quest follows the lowest stretches of the meandering The result is a beautifully written set of clues and
Jacoby Creek while teaching followers about native and non-native drawings that lead visitors from spruce grove, to willow
plants and animals along the way. Photo: Allison Poklemba
thicket, to berry patch, to salmon pool, to creek side
vista and back again – all within easy access of Old
The Jacoby Creek Land Trust’s Arcata Road.
(JCLT) Kokté Land is an ideal spot for easy riparian Interested in additional hands-on activities to do
exploration. To encourage visitors to spend time getting along the walk? Check out the JCLT’s “Collection
to know the plants, animals, and history of this stretch of Activities for the Kokté Ranch & Jacoby Creek
of creek, wooded flood plain and pasture, Land Trust Watershed” (also available online) for a key to Amazing
staff and student advisory board created “The Kokté Aquatic Arthropods, insights into Repairing the
Quest: A Treasure Hike Along the Jacoby Creek.” Riparian, and more. y
Quests are place-based “treasure” hunts, often
written in rhyme, leading to a treasure in the Allison Poklemba is the CREEC (California
community. They encourage participants of all ages Regional Environmental Education Community)
to utilize their senses to experience and celebrate a Network’s regional coordinator. To learn more about
community’s rich natural and cultural history, stories, environmental educational opportunities for youth, visit
and special places. www.creec.org/region1.
Regional Questing programs are continuing to
develop around the world. The Kokté Quest is the latest
addition to a growing collection of Quests here on the
“Listen to the music of the birds, North Coast which already includes the Humboldt Bay
Many can be seen or heard: National Wildlife Refuge and the Arcata Community
The warblers and woodpeckers,
Forest. From the JCLT headquarters parking lot at 2182
The phoebes and the flickers. Since Quests share community treasures, often a Old Arcata Road in Bayside, stop at the trail-
The tallest snag can be a perch, community of people work together to create them. In
head kiosk to pick up a Kokté Quest brochure
For birds to sit, predators to search. this case, a team of high school students joined with
(or print one beforehand at www.jclandtrust.
In the creek and the field live abundant prey, JCLT staff and topic experts to learn about this unique
ecosystem before beginning the work of weaving words
org). The walk will take about an hour.
From in the trees, the hawks survey.” together into a poetic hiking tour.
–Exerpted from The Kotké Quest
Hey Kids! Learn About The Aleutian Goose
By Sarah Marnick
Did You Know…..the Aleutian
goose was once thought to be extinct?
Word Puzzle! Find these words (under picture)
on the chart below. Can you tell why they are
In the 1800’s Russian fur trappers put foxes on about the Aleutian Goose?
the Aleutian Islands off the coast of Alaska so they
could grow and breed. They would go back and trap
the animals for their fur. Well, the foxes took over
Y R C A S M Y R I A H M K L B
the islands where the Aleutian geese live and ate the T Z O E B E A G T W A T R W H
geese, making the goose almost extinct.
In 1967 the Aleutian goose was put on the E E N D A N G E R E D L F O N
Endangered Species List. Then, a man named Bob
Jones rowed out to a far away island where the fur W R S S K M N G R T J W O F W
trappers did not put foxes, and found a small number
of Aleutian geese. Everyone was excited at his find.
Y R E T R E D I S C O V E R A
No one had seen an Aleutian goose for more than 25 T I R U E L A E L O W T K E Y
Since then, their population has recovered and they Z Z V G S U C C E S S G W T H
were taken off of the Endangered Species List in 2001.
They are a migratory species which means they E Z A R G A C G K R N A A Y
breed and have babies in one place, and they fly far Words To Find O L T F J L G N W E B I M W E
away to spend winters in a different place. In the case CONSERVATION MIGRATION
of Aleutians, they spend their winters in Northern R W I W E N B I I H T T A H R
California feeding on grass and getting fat for their
three day flight back to the Aleutian Islands to breed FEATHER REDISCOVER E D O T I F F P L T H N M A O
and have their babies. FLYWAY SUCCESS
These birds are truly a success story for the
G A N L E N P D A O U U R L
Endangered Species Act. You can see thousands of S N S S T J G A L E R H H V W
Aleutian geese right here in Humboldt County. They GOSLING WATERFOWL
stop here for our yummy grass. GRAZE WING O O A A H E R R I F L Y W A Y
Did you know that in one day 35 geese can eat as HUNTING ALEUTIAN
much as one cow? That’s a lot of eating! y G A W A L E U T I A N A Y L F
Helping buyers and sellers
make “Green” decisions
about Humboldt County
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10 www.yournec.org April/May 2010 ECONEWS
15th Annual Godwit Days Celebration
Godwit Days also offers free field trips for ALL ages to
Patricks Point State Park, Arcata Marsh, South Jetty,
Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge, Lanphere
Dunes, and Stone Lagoon that require preregistration
but no payment. Children interested in participating
in the many for-fee field trips and workshops may
register for most at no charge when accompanied by a
Live Birds of Prey
Experience a close encounter with owls, hawks, and
other raptors. Wildlife Images of Oregon will be
back with injured birds of prey on Saturday (10 a.m.-
5 p.m.) and Sunday (10 a.m.-3 p.m.). Additionally,
Avian Ambassadors from the Humboldt Wildlife Care
Welcome to the 15th Annual Godwit Days! Center will be on hand during the Friday night opening
At the Arcata Community Center, April 16-18 reception (5-7 p.m.). Registration Options
Godwit Days is a 3-day spring migration bird festival Registration plans range from a top-of-the-line $80
– operated by the nonprofit Godwit Days Value Package – which includes all events except bus
organization – that celebrates the Marbled and boat trips, pre- and post-festival trips,
Godwit and all the birds of the coastal and the banquet – to a one-day $22 Basic
redwoods, bays, marshes, and mudflats on Registration where each event added on carries
California’s Redwood Coast. The Arcata a fee. Student registration is half the Basic rate,
Community Center at 321 Community with some events excluded.
Park Way serves as the departure point Not otherwise registered and want to attend
for nearly all fieldtrips and houses our art a Sunday event? Stop by registration Saturday
show and Bird Fair. Choose from nearly night to sign up for unfilled field trips at
100 field trips, lectures, workshops, and the cost of the trip only (no registration fee
boat excursions. Pre- and post-festival trips required).
can extend your experience from April Godwit Goodies: Buy & Bid!
15-21. Advance registration is strongly Stop by and look over the goodies on display
recommended! Sign up online at www. in registration as part of the silent auction.
godwitdays.com or call 707-826-7050; Bid on binoculars, outdoor clothing/gear,
toll-free: 1-800-908-WING (9464) wine, artwork, and much more. All auction
Look for the free Godwit Days tabloid,
contributors are recognized on signage at the
produced by The Arcata Eye, at the Arcata
Community Center. To donate, call 826-7050.
Marsh Interpretive Center and many other
local outlets Also in registration will be 2010 Godwit Days
T-shirts featuring the poster design by Carol
Something for Everyone Andersen, baseball caps, visors, and knitted
“Early birds” can catch the dawn chorus at beanies. Discounted merchandise from prior
the Arcata Marsh, while “night owls” can years may be available.
literally look for owls until 10 p.m. Go on a
trip to see as many bird species as possible A Word about Our Sponsors
by bus in a day, or one ones focusing on Staging this festival would not be possible
rare birds like snowy plover and spotted without strong support from local businesses,
owl. Trips range north to Del Norte County, media, government, and nonprofit groups.
south to Ferndale, and inland to Willow Following is an alphabetical list of entities that
Creek and Hoopa. Workshops teach about have donated at least $250 in money, goods,
local insects and mammals, as well as how or services (as of March 8): Arcata Chamber of
Commerce, Arcata Eye, Bicoastal Media (KKHB/KGOE),
to identify birds by their sounds. Boat trips Bloomfield Studio, California State Parks (North Coast
on our rivers, lagoons, bays, and ocean Redwood District), City of Arcata, Coast Central Credit
are a highlight, ranging from 1-hour tours Union, Earth Map Photo, Friends of the Arcata Marsh,
of Humboldt Bay, to half-day kayaking or Friends of the Dunes, Green Diamond Resource Co,
rafting trips, to all-day trips on the Pacific. Hum-Boats Kayak Adventures, Humboldt Baykeeper, Kayak
You can even bird by bicycle! Zak’s, KHSU, KIEM News Channel 3, Kokatat, KURY, LBJ
Enterprises, Libation, Lost Coast Communications (KHUM/
New offerings for 2010 are a shorebird KSLG/KWPT), Miller Farms Nursery, Murphy’s Market,
spectacle at the Arcata Marsh, a condor Neuroscape Communications, Nikon Sport Optics, North
seminar, a redwood forest ecology field Coast Cooperative Inc, Northcoast Environmental Center,
trip, trips focusing on raptors or West Pacific Gas & Electric, Pierson Building Center, Provolt
Coast specialties, kayak tours of Mad River Design, Quality Inn (Arcata), Redwood National & State
Slough, and a visit to Humboldt Coastal Parks, Redwood Region Audubon Society, Rookery Books,
Strictly for the Birds, Tomas Jewelry, Violet-Green Winery,
Wildberries Marketplace. Over 40 additional donors gave
Just for Kids (& Other Free Events) less than $250.
The Festival offers many free activities of interest to Crescent City Festival May 7-9
children, including: Keynote Lecture The free Friday night lecture at Godwit Days will
•Live birds of prey For the past five years, Jeff Bouton has worked as feature Rick Hiser talking about the evolution of the
•Display of all entries in the 7th Annual Student Bird product specialist to the birder/naturalists markets Aleutian Goose Festival into the California Redwood
Art Contest for Leica Sport Optics. He has written many articles Bird & Nature Festival. See page 18, or visit www.
•Family nature & craft activities on Saturday on birds/birding, including a column in Wild Bird caredwoodsbirdfest.org for details.
from 12:30-3:30 p.m. (sponsored by Friends of the magazine. Jeff has given dozens of workshops and other
Arcata Marsh) presentations over the years. A research biologist and All Photos © Beth Deibert
•A Bird Fair with commercial vendors and information professional tour leader for over 25 years, he was a
booths from nonprofit groups and government agencies contributing author for the ABA Bird-finding Guides to
Children are the focus of two field trips and two Alaska and Florida.
workshops, which have no cost but participants Wildlife & Landscapes Art Exhibit
must preregister: A fabulous showcase for local artists’ depictions of
•Kids’ Owl Pellet Dissection Workshop, Friday, 4-5 p.m. wildlife and landscapes. Creations will be displayed in
•Kids’ Birding Field Trips, Saturday & Sunday, the main hall on Friday from 5-7 p.m., Saturday 10 a.m.-
9:30-11:30 a.m. 5 p.m., and Sunday 10 a.m.-3 p.m.
•Art Workshop for Kids, Saturday, Noon-1 p.m.
Student Bird Art Contest Display
Redwood Region Audubon and Friends of the Arcata
Marsh have teamed to sponsor a student bird art
contest at Godwit Days. A total of $500 will be awarded
to Humboldt Country students in grades K-12. Winners
will receive awards at a ceremony at 11:30 am on April
17. Copies of prize-winning artwork will be shown at
the Arcata Marsh Interpretive Center during May
Registration & Important Information
On-site registration hours: Friday, April 16, 3-7 p.m.;
Saturday, 9 a.m.-7 p.m.; Sunday, 9 a.m.-noon.
Visit www.godwitdays.com for descriptions of the nearly
100 field trips, workshops, and lectures and to register.
There, you will find the cancellation policy, how to
register children, and instructions to sign up for free
ECONEWS April/May 2010 www.yournec.org 11
A Natural Education By Ian Jewett
This region of Northern California is special for so program through FOD and lend a hand (literally) by
many reasons: plentiful redwoods, seemingly endless removing invasive beach grass and ice plant from native
coastal bluffs, salmon runs, and scenic rivers. Unique dune ecosystems. This program allows kids to develop a
opportunities to learn about the natural environment personal relationship with environmental stewardship.
Arcata Recycling Changes should be added to this list.
Allison Poklemba, coordinator for California
Marnin Robbins with California State Parks works to
coordinate education programs throughout the North
By Allison Poklemba Regional Environmental Educational Community Coast, which includes 22 state parks. “We are trying to
The Arcata Community Recycling Center’s (ACRC) (CREEC) on the North Coast, explained, “We have reach audiences who are normally not coming to parks,
9th & N Street drop-off yard will see some big changes an amazing collection of environmental education especially kids as they are becoming disconnected from
on April 30. programs due to the variety of organizations involved, nature,” said Robbins.
This is the day that ACRC’s contract with the City of including private nonprofits, educational, and A new and creative initiative links state park rangers
Arcata will come to a close. City funding has supported government entities”. to classrooms via video conferencing. The PORTS (Parks
the collection of “everyday” recyclables (papers and CREEC offers many opportunities for exploration. Online Resources for Teachers and Students) program
containers) at this location since 1994. A marsh madness quest is currently posted on the takes students throughout California on a virtual fieldtrip
Unless additional funding is secured, the recycling homepage that provides a creative tour through the of redwood ecology.
dumpsters for mixed papers and containers will be wetlands. April events include ‘Get Outside’ day, the “These programs never replace a real field trip, but
removed on the last day of April. Santa Rosa Earth may be a child’s first
But this does not mean that ACRC plans to close up Day Fair and the experience [in the
shop. The change will actually provide the Resusables California Native redwoods], especially
Depot Thrift Store with much needed space to expand. Plant Society Spring for inner city kids,” said
Freed up space will allow for a great improvement in the Wildflower Show in Robbins.
variety and supply of recycled building materials. Manila. Although most of
Other services such as the buy-back for CRV Michael Kauffman, Northern California is
materials will continue. The CHaRM (Center for Hard a Fortuna Middle devoid of the ‘big city’
to Recycle Materials) will continue to serve as the School teacher vibe, many children
complement to curbside recycling by offering recycling takes every who live very close to
and safe disposal for items that require special handling opportunity to get natural environments
and are not accepted in curbside collection bins. his students out haven’t had the chance
Accepted items include electronic waste, motor oil of the classroom. to explore or learn
and antifreeze, medical sharps, CFLs, batteries, and He recently took about these living
appliances. Visit www.arcatarecycling.org for a complete his students on a ecosystems.
list of materials accepted at the CHaRM. field trip with the The Humboldt
The City of Arcata chose to terminate their contract Bureau of Land Bay National
with ACRC because residents are now provided with Management to the Wildlife Refuge
convenient and efficient recycling service for paper and Headwaters forests. Photo: © campimages.com (HBWNR) also offers
containers at their curb. “It was neat for outdoor educational
The segment of the population most affected by kids to travel from opportunities.
this change are those that reside outside the city in-town and within ten minutes to be within old growth Guided bird walks leave from the Richard J. Guadagno
limits of Arcata, Blue Lake, or Eureka (which all offer redwoods,” he said. Headquarters (south of Eureka) the first Wednesday and
curbside recycling service) and who are accustomed to Kauffman has also taken classes on overnight trips second Sunday of every month at 9 a.m.
using ACRC’s 9th and N Street drop-off for everyday to Wolf Creek Education School and Mendocino Lanphere Dunes and Ma-le’l Dunes walks take place
recyclables. Woodlands Camp. “In addition to experiential learning from 10 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. on the first Saturday and
Residents in this situation are encouraged to call their the kids get to play outside, which is equally important,” fourth Sunday of the month respectively.
service hauler for garbage collection to inquire about he said. “Play in nature creates that comfort [with the A “Wetlands and Watersheds” curriculum offered
curbside recycling service – the sphere of which is outdoors] that students are losing touch with because of through HBNWR allows students to experience the
continuing to expand – and let them know this service structure in school, after school activities, and so forth”. wetlands up close March through May. Educators can
is desired. Opportunities to learn about the environment contact Andrea Harris at andrea_harris @fws.gov for
Requirements for recycling are being discussed aren’t limited to youngsters though. Friends of the more information.
by county officials and waste haulers serving the Dunes (FOD) is one organization with something for Want to get involved, either learning or teaching?
unincorporated areas of Humboldt County – residents everyone. Anyone who wants to get outside and enjoy CREEC is a great place to start. The website (www.
can contact their County Supervisor’s office to expresses the sunshine (or fog) on a weekend can take part in a creec.org/region1/) offers a searchable database for
their wishes in regard to recycling. guided tour. These guided walks last about two hours on educational opportunities in the area. One can also
Paper and containers will continue to be accepted the weekends and occur at Humboldt Coastal Nature find a calendar of upcoming events and a newsletter
at the Humboldt Waste Management Authority (1059 Center, as well as Manila, Ma-le’l, and Lanphere Dunes. containing contests, grants, and workshops occurring
W. Hawthorne St., Eureka) and Humboldt Sanitation FOD also gives regular trainings to become a coastal throughout the year.
(2585 Central Ave., McKinleyville). For a complete list naturalist and lead walks through the dunes. There is no such thing as too much knowledge about
of county-wide recycling service options visit www. Volunteer opportunities to remove invasive species Mother Nature, but there is such a thing as too little. y
humboldtrecycling.org. and assist in dune clean-up also occur weekly and are
Over time, bundled refuse and curbside recycling open to the public. Ian Jewett is a recent transplant to the North Coast,
service will continue to expand beyond the official Student groups participate in an adopt-a-dune hailing from Maryland. A trained biologist, he enjoys
city limits of Arcata, Eureka and Blue Lake. Recology the outdoors and is currently an ECONEWS intern.
(formerly City Garbage of Eureka) has already expanded Fashions and Home Decor
curbside recycling service into areas surrounding
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12 www.yournec.org April/May 2010 ECONEWS
Bargains & Treasures
It’s a Bunker…It’s a Hobbit House…It’s
The Humboldt Coastal Nature Center! By Maggie Stoudner
Del Norte Dispatch By Eileen Cooper
A Golden Turkey Award
If there was a Golden Turkey Award given for
“Worst Environmental Violation by a Public Entity,” Del
Norte County would surely win it this year.
Although it lacked the required Coastal Permits
and had not held any public hearings, Del Norte
County supervisors decided to authorize off-highway
Artistic rendering of the Humboldt Coastal Nature Center in its completed form. Submitted by Friends of the Dunes
vehicle (OHV) use at Tolawa Dunes State Park and
If you’ve passed through Manila recently, coastal dunes. adjacent public lands.
The county had not consulted with the adjoining
you’ve probably noticed a lot of activity at the dome- The new Nature Center will allow FOD to expand
shaped building on the western side of Rt. 255. This and develop their programs for the community. The State Park and Fish and Game jurisdictions when they
structure will soon be transformed into a state of the art organization offers free weekend guided walks and authorized this activity within fragile coastal dunes
nature center. volunteer restoration workdays at various coastal that have been designated Environmentally Sensitive
Theories abound about this building’s past, including properties, field seminars and training programs – Habitat Area (ESHA).
the airplane hangar of a wealthy Humboldtian, a World including an extensive fall Coastal Naturalist Training, County employees erected signs designating OHV
War II bunker, and a home for small ring-bearing family-focused educational events and workshops use along Pacific Shores Subdivision roads. These
gnomes. In fact, it was once home to Charles and and school education programs which include both county roads lead nowhere except into state-owned
Rachel Stamps, who built the house in 1985, and it is classroom and field components. dune habitat that abounds with endangered wildlife
now owned by Friends of the Dunes (FOD), a local non- Free weekend walks depart from this location, the and plant communities.
profit dedicated to the conservation of coastal habitats. Manila Dunes Recreation Area and the Humboldt Bay The damage could be seen immediately. Peter
In 2007, FOD purchased the building and 113 acres National Wildlife Refuge. The walks cover a variety Douglas, executive director of the California Coastal
of surrounding property, collectively known as the of interesting topics, and each is different. To find Commission, noted in a recent visit, “It’s going to take a
Humboldt Coastal Nature Center (HCNC). out about a specific walk, check out the ECONEWS long time to restore the resource damage that was done.”
Passersby and visitors to the site have seen the calendar on page 19, or visit FOD’s website at www. The signs have now been removed, pending action of
removal of a stand of eucalyptus trees near the building, friendsofthedunes.org. the California Coastal Commission.
as well as vegetation, sand and thousands of tires being “Family Fun Days” is a new offering that provides Tolowa Dunes contains fragile dune mat that takes
removed from the roof. families with an opportunity to explore coastal habitats hundreds of years to develop and can be destroyed
The invasive eucalyptus trees will be replaced by through games and activities for all ages. Also new is instantly by careless riding. It is home to endangered
native beach pine or Sitka spruce. The tires, used to the Trailkeepers program, a group of volunteers who plants that grow nowhere else. Delicate violets support
hold sand in place atop the earth sheltered building, will provide FOD with eyes and ears to ensure that the trails the largest recovery population of the endangered
be recycled into tire-derived products. Removing the are maintained, safe and accessible. Oregon silverspot butterfly, and brown pelicans like to
tires allows for repairs to the roof and the installation of School programs offered in the fall and spring rest at the Tolowa lagoon estuary.
a new waterproofing system that will be virtually leak- include classroom presentations and hands-on field trip Del Norte County spent about $30,000 on the OHV
proof, and much more compatible with plans to install experiences in coastal habitats. FOD uses community signs and on clearing and regrading unused portions
an earth-sheltered green roof of native plants. volunteers to lead these programs, including trained of the Pacific Shores road system. This too was done
walk leaders, classroom presenters and field trip guides. without Coastal Permits, although a previous Coastal
The HCNC and You Grading Violation is on record for the county because of
Training for volunteers and paid interns (yes, FOD
Although the area immediately around the building offers paid environmental education internships!) the same activity about five years ago.
is closed to visitors while under construction, the who would like to lead school field trips is happening The roadwork entailed clearing fairly large rare
Wildberries Trail, made possible by a generous donation now—check out the ECONEWS calendar for training shore pines from the roadside. The resurfacing
from (you guessed it) Wildberries Marketplace, remains dates and times. was accomplished by pushing aside large volumes
open during daylight hours. The trail head has been Volunteers are needed to help restore the of accumulated trash, including illegally dumped
relocated from its original place in front of the building property, assist with landscape plantings, become a appliances, and partially burying this trash into the
to the north end of a temporary parking area. Trailkeeper and more. wetlands running alongside the road.
While under construction, the structure itself is off- For more information about the Humboldt Coastal Now the waters of Tolowa Dunes run copper. All
limits, but once open, the Nature Center will serve a Nature Center project and Friends of the Dunes’ many agencies including the US Army Corps and the Water
multitude of purposes. LEED-certified and designed to program offerings and volunteer opportunities, visit Quality Control Board have been notified.
incorporate green building principles, the Center will their website at www.friendsofthedunes.org. y “This is the most egregious violation by a local
include an exhibit space that easily transforms into a jurisdiction that I’ve ever seen in the history of the
lecture hall/classroom, a visitor services desk and a small Coastal Commission,” said Douglas.
Maggie Stoudnour is the Education Program Manager
gift shop, a resource library and meeting space, public
restrooms and workspace for FOD staff and volunteers.
at Friends of the Dunes. She first came to the area eight Airport Coastal Hearing
years ago to attend the Environment and Community The Friends of Del Norte/Coastal Commission
Construction is taking a phased approach, with the
Master’s program at HSU and loved it here so much, appeal of the Del Norte County Airport will be reviewed
exhibit room and restrooms slated to open in the fall,
she stayed. She enjoys spending time outdoors with her at the upcoming California Coastal Commission
and the rest early next year. Surrounding the building
husband, one-year-old son and two dogs. agenda for April. Hopefully, the Coastal Commission
is a trail system that links to over 1,000 acres of
will uphold protection of the rare shore pine forest and
numerous wetlands that are considered ESHA.
New airport designs have been drafted, as a response
to Coastal Commission staff and Friends of Del Norte
suggestions. A Friends of Del Norte representative will
attend to circumvent any possible last minute mischief.
• Eel River Dam Removal Now! Pacific Shores Finally Resolved
On a note of celebration, the infamous Pacific
• Expand Community Forests Shores Water District, a district that for over 25 years
• Rails-to-Trails Projects Now! collected several million in tax dollars but was unable
to provide any service (See Feb/March ECONEWS), is
• Promote Alternative Energy finally declared dissolved by the Court.
No longer will tax dollars be illegitimately spent to
• Implement Ocean Conservation & petition for the draining of Lake Earl Coastal Lagoon.
Expand Sustainable Fisheries But, it’s not over till it’s over. The judge’s decision is
being appealed by plaintiff, Janice Wilson, a placeholder
• Foster Rural Development that for the water district. y
Maintains Healthy Watersheds,
Forests, and Farmland
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ECONEWS April/May 2010 www.yournec.org 13
Humboldt Cows Easily Meet Tighter Organic Standards
By Sarah O’Leary
New stricter federal regulations for organic dairy and In addition to the benefits to consumers and local
beef farmers take effect in June and could prove to be a dairy farmers, the pasture requirement will benefit
boon to Humboldt County. the environment by reducing water-quality impacts.
The new rules clarify the amount of time that This is because CAFOs (Concentrated Animal Feed
organically raised livestock must be pastured and what Operations) previously unregulated due to agricultural
percentage of their diet is allowed to be grain. The waivers, will have to comply with the new standards.
updated standards also apply to beef cattle. The manures and fertilizers used by these operations
Some larger organic farms have benefitted from the cause surface water pollution, which in turn causes
looser language of the previous standards, which only algal blooms and groundwater contamination.
specified that cows should have access to pasture, but Alexandre said that the new standards will only
not how long. These large-scale producers only put give local organic dairy farmers a competitive edge,
their cows out to pasture during short periods when the however, if the Humboldt Creamery markets it that
animals are not giving milk and often feed them almost way. But, since the Creamery is no longer a cooperative
exclusively on grain. of farmers it is unknown how the new owner, Foster
“Most Humboldt County farms already follow Farms, will promote Humboldt Creamery organic dairy
these [new] guidelines,” said Blake Alexandre, a dairy products.
farmer based in Crescent City who also farms in But Alexandre believes the updated USDA rules give
Ferndale. “These rules are certainly going to work to our local farmers the ability to have a new and improved
advantage and set us apart from the crowd.” marketing campaign for their milk. “I’m going to use New USDA rules requiring more pasture time won’t faze Humboldt’s
Jim Regli, a Ferndale dairy farmer, agreed, “It’s it as a tool to market our milk and hopefully develop already happy cows.
great for my operation because we’ve already been in something that evolves into more value for our milk produced by animals that are not factory farmed.
compliance anyway,” he said. with or without the Creamery,” he said. “I certainly “We are delighted by the new rules,” said Mark Kastel
“I don’t know any place else that can grow as much would like to work with Foster Farms, but I’m not going of Wisconsin-based Cornucopia Institute, a watchdog
grass year round.” Alexandre added. to let them hold me back.” group that aims to assure the credibility of organic
Alexandre worked with small organic dairy farmers Although most local dairy farmers already meet farming methods and the food it produces.
across the nation for the past ten years to get the more the new standards – our climate provides 6-8 months “Cheap organic milk flowing from the illegitimate
stringent federal regulations passed. of unencumbered excellent grazing, according to factory farms has created a surplus that is crushing
The main components of the new rules include the Alexandre – they will have to make a few minor ethical family farm producers.,” Kastel added.
requirement that animals must graze pasture during adjustments to their practices. Farmers will be required Alexandre is excited about the economic possibilities
the grazing season, which must be at least 120 days per to use organic straw as bedding for example, and submit for Humboldt County.
year, and obtain a minimum of 30 percent of their food some additional documentation. But both farmers said “This is an opportunity for us to market more of a
intake pasture grazing. that these will be easy requirements to fill. niche product,” he said. “Our dream at our dairy is to
Producers must also manage their pasture as a crop The new rules are a welcome change for consumers market 100 percent grass-fed milk, just like we currently
to meet the feed requirements for grazing animals and who can now be more confident that the organic dairy do with beef. We believe there is a nutritional advantage
to protect soil and water quality. products they consume are actually made from milk to that.” y
Life Form Of The Month
The California Butterclam: Ranging Into Northern Waters
By Wendell Wood
The California Butterclam, Saxidomus nuttalli, City during a 2009-2010 dredging of the Crescent City of Natural History Collections and Research Online
commonly lives buried at least a foot or more in mud boat harbor. Databases at http://www.sbcollections.org/
or sand, in the low intertidal zone of bays, as well as in Saxidomus nuttalli shells and other mollusk species The Saxidomus nuttalli shells collected ranged in size
sandy areas near rocks on the outer coast. shells, mostly partially broken, were found at a small from 3.5 inches to 5 inches across. Saxidomus nuttalli
The range of this native butterclam extends from Punta dredge pond on the northwest end of the Crescent City lives 10 to 15 years or more, has a shell up to six inches
Rompiente, Baja California, north to Humboldt Bay. Harbor, as well as at the principal beach, and the dredge long, and can grow to be about 1/2 inch longer than the
However, it has now been observed in Del Norte County disposal site at the southeastern end of the harbor at maximum size of their so-called “giganteus” cousins
as well. the end of Anchor Way (road) next to Whaler Island. (about 5 1/2 inches).
Recently while “delving through the The fossil record shows the California
dredges” at the Crescent City Harbor, I Butterclam has been around a long time,
discovered several shells of the species, dated in California from as early as the
60 miles direct distance – as a crow flies middle Miocene.
– north of the previously recognized The California Butterclam is reported
northernmost range at Humboldt Bay. to make a very tasty dish, and is one of the
This clam species is also known as the more important edible clams occurring
“Washington Clam.” However, the often primarily in sheltered waters north of
shared common name “Washington Morro Bay.
Clam” is better applied to a related, but Remarkably, the first shell I ever
different species: Saxidomus gigantea. collected of this species was retrieved for
This is the only species of the two that me from the bottom of Morro Bay by a
actually does occur in Washington local area sea otter! As the otter finished its
State, ranging from central California to clam meal, an alert western gull snatched
Alaska. the shell right as the otter released it,
Both species are sometimes also before the shell could sink back into the
known as the “Money Clam” (or Koo’- bay.
tah), because it was once used by the The gull then flew up to an adjacent
Coastal Miwoks (Olamentko group of boat dock (near where I was standing),
Bodega Bay) for this purpose. removing a few bits of remaining fleshy
In Latin, the name “Saxidomus” morsels before accommodatingly providing
means “stone house”, and “nuttalli” is in Photo: Wendell Wood
me with the shell refuse.
honor of Thomas Nuttall – an English Now that’s what I call getting included in
botanist and zoologist who made one of the earliest The identification of four voucher specimens was a symbiotic relationship! y
inventories of local shellfish species when he passed confirmed (and distinguished from also collected
through California and the Pacific Northwest between Saxidomus gigantea shells from the same location) by
Wendell Wood was one of the first volunteer staffers of
1834 and 1835. Paul Valentich-Scott, Curator of Malacology, at the
the Northcoast Environmental Center, and also initiated
Several fresh shells of both Saxidomus species, some Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History.
the first Arcata Recycling Center. A “life” member of
with bits of flesh still attached, were found at Crescent These voucher shells, provided to the museum in
NEC, Wendell presently lives in Crescent City, Calif.
February, were entered in the Santa Barbara Museum
Robert Berg, D.D.S. Dandelion Herbal Center
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Travel Adventures with
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14 www.yournec.org April/May 2010 ECONEWS
WOE IS US: In a new study by the U.S. Geological
Survey, every single fish tested from 291 freshwater
streams across the United States was found to be
A monthly melange of contaminated with mercury.
Mercury is a potent neurotoxin that mainly enters the
salient sillies.... environment from burning coal for electricity. It builds
up in the food chain at ever higher concentrations and
is especially damaging to developing nervous systems of
fetuses and children.
A BARGAIN? Potential buyers got a break when Researchers tested the water, sediment and fish of the
NASA cut the price of the space shuttles it is selling off 291 streams between 1998 and 2005. Fish tested were
from $42 million to less than $29 million. mostly larger species near the top of the food chain,
One shuttle, Discovery, has been promised to the such as largemouth bass.
Smithsonian, but Atlantis and Endeavor are still up
for grabs. ❂
SEXY PLANTS: Overturning conventional wisdom,
scientists have reported discovering the female sex
hormone progesterone in a plant.
Until now, it was thought that only animals could
make progesterone, a hormone secreted by the ovaries
that prepares the uterus for pregnancy. Researchers
SOMETHING TO CROW ABOUT: Wild crows can speculate that the hormone, like other steroid
recognize individual human faces and hold a grudge for hormones, might be an ancient bioregulator that
years against people who have treated them badly. evolved billions of years ago, before the appearance of
That’s the result of a University of Washington study modern plants and animals.
which had researchers donning caveman masks and Using nuclear magnetic resonance and mass
then capturing and banding the crows. If someone spectroscopy, scientists detected progesterone in leaves
later approached the birds wearing the same mask, of the common walnut tree and also identified five new,
they would be loudly scolded. But if the same person progesterone-related steroids in a plant belonging to the
approached wearing a mask of Dick Cheney – which buttercup family.
no one had worn during the bird banding – the birds
would ignore him.
What’s more, the crows’ antipathy to the caveman
mask has lasted more than three years, even though
they have had no further bad experiences with people
FLYING FISH: Hundreds of small white fish, many ❂
still alive, recently fell over two days on a town more
than 300 miles from any river in Australia’s Northern ATTENTION, POPEYE: The fluorescent lighting in
Territory. supermarkets actually can boost the nutritional value
Weather experts believe the fish, spangled perch, of fresh spinach and perhaps other veggies, according
were sucked up in a thunderstorm before being dumped to chemists.
over the tiny town of Lajamanu. It was the third time in They exposed fresh spinach leaves to continuous light
less than 30 years that the town has been bombarded by or darkness during simulated retail storage conditions
falling fish. for three to nine days. Spinach stored in light for as little
as three days had significantly higher levels of vitamins
C, K, E and folate. In contrast, spinach leaves stored
❂ under continuous darkness tended to have declining or
NO LEGAL EAGLES: Swiss voters have decisively unchanged levels of nutrients.
rejected a proposal that would have allowed animals to
be represented in court by state-funded lawyers.
Critics argued that animals enjoy sufficient
protection already, citing as example rules that
parakeets can’t be caged alone, gerbils are entitled to
more than 1,500 square centimeters of space and that it
will soon be illegal to tie horses up in stalls. PET LAUNDRY: Pet owners in Japan are washing
Plans also are afoot to extend Europe’s welfare laws to their dogs and cats in specially designed vending
crabs and lobsters. machines to save money.
At Joyful Honda in the Tokyo suburbs, a machine
❂ washes and blow-dries dogs and cats for the equivalent
of just $5.75. Pet stylists usually charge more than $30.
ETERNAL CELL PHONES: Your cell phone may
never again run out of juice while you’re on the go, says
Nokia of Finland, which just filed a patent for a handset ❂
that recharges itself by harvesting energy from the WEB SEARCH: By the end of 2008, more than 1.4
owner’s motion. billion people on the planet were on the Internet,
As the user walks, or otherwise moves the phone, the according to a U.N. study.
motion generates electricity. This charges a capacitor,
which in turn trickles a charge into the battery, keeping
it topped up.
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LUNAR EXCURSION: If you could drive a car at 70
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ECONEWS April/May 2010 www.yournec.org 15
News and Events from the North Coast Chapter of the California Native Plant Society
Beginners and experts, non-members and members are lily, redmaids, candyflower, and bleeding heart. From 101 the Dunes, present displays on topics including edible
all welcome at our programs and on our outings. Most at south end of Fortuna, exit Kenmar Dr., go left under plants, plants in the dunes, plants in the redwood forest,
events are free, all are made possible by volunteer effort. 101, right on Eel River Drive, left on Drake Hill Rd, right local insects, invasive plants, rare plants, and sudden
EVENING PROGRAMS on Rohnerville Rd, and 1.7 miles to Puddin Lane at the oak death. Presentations on native plant gardening,
Refreshments at 7 p.m.; program at 7:30 at the Six Rivers bottom of a gulch. Follow signs to Shapeero. The ground invasive weeds, lupines, wild medicinal plants, and
Masonic Lodge, 251 Bayside Road, near 7th and Union, Arcata. may be damp. 768-3287 or 822-2015. Native American culture, as well as guided walks in
April 14, Wednesday, “Our Coastal Grassland Treasures.” May 23, Sunday, Azalea Reserve Plant walk. 1-3 p.m. the neighboring dunes to look at dune vegetation,
Bureau of Land Management botanist and range with Pete Haggard. See many native plants that are flowers, and pollinators. Friday evening artists gather
conservationist Jennifer Wheeler will share the historical recommended for gardens, including the native azalea, to draw and paint flowers. See the schedule at www.
and modern plight of grasslands on the North Coast. What which should be blooming. Take North Bank Road off northcoastcnps.org. Information: 822-7190; 822-2015.
defines coastal grasslands, where they are, why and how 101 just north of the Mad River, turn left on Azalea Dr., Saturday & Sunday, Native Plant Sale. 10 a.m. - 4 p.m.
fast they disappear, and how small restoration projects then left into the parking lot. Pete Haggard 839-0307. Hundreds of native shrubs, trees, perennials, ferns, bulbs,
could make a big impact. She will share her experiences and May 28-31, Friday-Monday, Mendocino Field Trip. and annuals will be for sale during the Annual Spring
passion with modern methods of enhancing and restoring Stay for all or come for part. Explore many of Wildflower Show. Experienced gardeners will help you
native perennial grass populations. Mendocino’s favorite botanical sites, including the choose which to take to your own yard.
May 12, Wednesday ,“Hiking the South Fork Trinity River.” Pygmy Forest and the Mendocino Botanical Garden. Teachers wishing to bring students to the show should
Artist, photographer, woodworker, and naturalist Rick Overnight in campgrounds or motels; short day hikes contact Judie Snyder immediately 707-826-7735;
Tolley has documented many faces of this popular trail. He in the Fort Bragg-Mendocino area. Tell Carol you are email@example.com. A schedule of four lessons,
will share wildflowers, vistas, and adventures from 20 years interested, 822-2015. including a dune walk, will be offered.
of hikes. Indian warrior, dogwood, blazing star, fawn lily, June 13, Sunday, Blooms and Bugs at Mad River Beach. You can help this festive event! We have small and big
trillium, scarlet larkspur, Indian pink, Indian paintbrush, 1-3 p.m. Guided walk with Pete Haggard to see blooming jobs, indoor and outdoor jobs, public and behind-the-
and brodiaeas are some of the treats he will show us. beach buckwheat, seaside daisy, sand verbena, and others scene jobs. Most jobs require no botanical knowledge.
FIELD TRIPS AND PLANT WALKS where the sand meets the firmer, damper soil of the To volunteer call 822-2015 or 822-7190.
April 11, Sunday, Humboldt Redwoods Day Hike. willowy, rushy swale. Easy walking. Meet at the beach May 8, Saturday, Save The Dunes From Annual Grasses.
Several short trails in Humboldt Redwoods State Park parking lot at the very end of Mad River Rd. 839-0208. A work party and educational dune exploration. 9 a.m.-1 p.m.
should find milkmaids, western trillium, and, hopefully, Watch for new additions on our Web site (www. Having saved the foredunes from European beach grass,
fawn lilies, as well as other early bloomers under the northcoastcnps.org) or sign up for e-mail announcements dune managers are now focusing on annual grasses, which
magnificent redwoods. Meet at 8:30 a.m. at Pacific Northcoast_CNPSfirstname.lastname@example.org. also can convert colorful dune mat to solid grass. This is
Union School, 9 a.m. at the McDonalds end of Bayshore Everyone is welcome. No botanical knowledge required. your chance to help, while exploring the Ma-Le’l Dunes,
Mall parking lot, or arrange another place. Dress for the OTHER ACTIVITIES an area not yet open to the public, among blooming beach
weather. Bring lunch and water. Return late afternoon. April 17, Saturday, English Ivy Bash at Patrick’s pea, sand-verbena, dune gilia, Humboldt Bay wallflower,
Please tell Carol you are coming 822-2015. Point State Park. 8:30 a.m. - 1 p.m., includes lunch. beach layia, beach strawberry, and more. Learn to identify
April 24, Saturday, Ferns In and Around the Dunes. In honor of Earth Day CNPS is supporting State Parks dune annuals and perennials, as well as at least four species
10 a.m. -12 noon, with Carol Ralph. Meet eight species in tackling the invasive English ivy on Ceremonial Rock. of non-native, annual grasses. Refuge staff will describe
of fern and learn about their morphology, reproduction Bring gloves if you have them. Volunteers will receive a free the dune restoration project. The work will be pulling
and identification on a walk along the Lanphere Dunes day pass at entrance gate. Take the first left after leaving these small grasses from the sand, to the music of the surf.
entrance road. Bring a hand lens. Meet at Pacific Union the entrance station, then take your second left into the Dress for the weather, especially wind, and wear good
School and carpool to the protected site. Co-sponsored Beach Creek Group Camp. Additional parking directly walking shoes. Bring at least a quart of water, a lunch, and
by CNPS and Friends of the Dunes. Please register by across from the Beach Creek Group Camp entrance at the gardening gloves if you have them. Cookies provided.
calling 444-1397 or contact email@example.com Campfire Center. 677-3109, 443-204-2411, or 822-2015. Meet at 9 a.m. sharp at the Ma-Le’l North Parking Lot:
April 25, Sunday, Flowers in a Fir Forest. 1-3 p.m. An April 30, May 1 & 2, Friday, Saturday & Sunday, Take State Route 255 from Eureka or Arcata. North of
easy plant walk near Hydesville, hosted by landowners Bill 27th Annual Spring Wildflower Show! Manila, just west of the bridge and lumber mill, turn west
and Linda Shapeero. A grand fir forest, stream, pasture, At the Manila Community Center, admission is free. onto Young Lane. Turn right at the T and go north to the
and pond offer a rich assortment of flowering herbaceous CNPS presents hundreds of wildflowers, both native and end of the road, through 2 gates that will be unlocked for
plants, including two trilliums, two fairy bells, two violets, non-native, from seashore to mountains, labeled and us. Information and to say you’re coming: 443-204-2411;
skunk cabbage, delphinium, inside-out-flower, checker displayed by family. Other groups, including Friends of firstname.lastname@example.org; or 822-2015. y
NORTH GROUP NEWS
A List of Events & Conservation Updates From the North Group Redwood Chapter Sierra Club
Camper Applications & Donors Sought (From left) Dr. Rayburn, come at 7 for business meeting. Adorni Center, Eureka.
Monday, May 17 is the deadline for applications to attend
Lucille Vinyard, and Don Info: Gregg (707) 826-3740.
Reesor of the National
two overnight nature camps at the Wolf Creek Education Park Service at dedica- Saturday, April 24 – Table Bluff/Mouth of Eel.
Center in Redwood National and State Parks, Orick. The tion of the RNP visitor 9 miles, medium difficulty. Hike begins below Table
Towering Trees & Tidepools camp this July 11-16 is intended center south of Orick, Bluff; follows beach south 4.5 miles. Return route
for children in grades 4 and 5, while the Redwoods Field varies along dunes and McNulty Slough and North Bay.
Study from August 1-6 is aimed at grades 6-8. Details on Meet 9 a.m. Herrick Park & Ride or 9:30 a.m. at beach
a fierce advocate for below Table Bluff. Leader Xandra (707) 441-0702. Rain/
the curriculum for each session are available at the Oregon
wilderness. A San tsunami warning cancels.
Museum of Science & Industry website (www.omsi.edu).
Francisco resident, Saturday, May 8 – Headwaters Forest, Eureka. [See
North Group hopes to support a total of four students
he spearheaded April 10 description.]
living in Humboldt, Del Norte, and Trinity Counties, two
expansion of Mt
at each camp. Applications can be obtained by calling (707) Sunday, May 9 – Clam Beach/Mouth of Mad River.
442-5444 or e-mailing email@example.com. Past 7 miles, medium difficulty. Walk south along Clam
camp scholarship recipients are not eligible. Contributions Beach to mouth of Mad; return by Hammond Trail.
of Point Reyes
to underwrite the $555 per child tuition should be sent to Leashed dogs welcome. Two shallow stream crossings.
Environmental Education Fund, c/o North Group Sierra Meet 1 p.m. northernmost paved Clam Beach lot.
Club, PO Box 238, Arcata CA 95518. Leader Bill (707) 839-5971. Rain cancels.
of Golden Gate
Community Involvement National Recreation Area – amounting to 200,000 acres Tuesday, May 11 – Executive Committee Meeting.
•NG is tabling at PlanIt Green’s Building Green of open space near the city. He also was involved in the [See April 13 description.]
Communities IV: Local Self Reliance Conference & Expo decades-long struggle to found, and later expand, Redwood Saturday, May 15 – Fay Slough Wildlife Area Parent
April 3 at Arcata Community Center. (see p. 18) National Park. & Child Walk. Bring your child(ren) to walk 1.5 miles
•NG urges bicyclists to participate in Green Wheels Meetings & Outings on level state Fish & Game wetlands trail. Jogging
Future Sea Level Rise Awareness Day April 10. Event Saurday, April 10 - Headwaters Forest, Eureka. 11 strollers OK. Optional extra 0.5-mile loop. Meet at
starts on the Arcata Plaza at 3:30 p.m. Speakers, street miles, medium difficulty, more than 500-foot elevation trailhead 9:30 a.m. Exit Hwy 101 at Harper Ford,
theater, costume contest, Tour d’Arcata bike ride, Samba change. Level for 3 miles, last 2 miles steep climb and immediate left onto gravel road into parking lot. Bring
dancing. www.green-wheels.org. loop through old-growth. Return along same route. snacks, water; wear sturdy shoes. Leader Allison (707)
•NG donated to the silent auction at Godwit Days Meet 9 a.m. Herrick Park & Ride or 9:30 am at trailhead, 268-8767. Rain cancels.
Spring Migration Bird Festival, to be held at the Arcata end of Elk River Rd. Leashed dogs OK. Leader Xandra Wednesday, May 19 – Six Rivers National Forest
Community Center April 16-18. See page 11. (707) 441-0702. South Fork Trail. 8 miles, medium difficulty. From
•NG is co-sponsoring a Healthy Humboldt Coalition trailhead southwest of Salyer, hike through mixed
Sunday, April 11 – Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park,
Forum in early May focusing on the Humboldt County forest, eastern slope of river gorge, descending after 4
Trillium/Lost Man Trails. 10 miles, medium difficulty.
General Plan. See www.healthyhumboldt.org. miles to riverside grotto. An all-day adventure; must
Hike goes past mossy waterfall and blooming trillium,
•NG continues to support the Humboldt County advance register with leader Melinda (707) 668-4275 or
continues up Lost Man Creek through old-growth
Sheriff Department’s application for grant funding firstname.lastname@example.org.
redwoods and maples. Meet 11 a.m. at Elk Meadows
to underwrite law enforcement on our beaches. Saturday, May 29 – Centerville Beach/Mouth of Eel.
Day Use Area, end of paved part Davison Road or
Recognizing Ed Wayburn carpool 10 a.m. from McKinleyville Safeway. Leader Bill 11 miles, medium difficulty. From Centerville Beach
North Group founder Lucille Vinyard asked that we remark (707) 839-5971. Rain cancels. parking area, follow beach north between dunes and tide
on the passing of Dr. Edgar Wayburn, MD, who died March Tuesday, April 13 – Executive Committee Meeting. line. Return route along Salt River. Meet 9 am Herrick
5 at age 103. Wayburn, a 5-term Sierra Club president, was Join discussion of local conservation issues 8-9 p.m., or Park & Ride or 9:45 a.m. at beach. Leader Xandra (707)
441-0702. Rain/tsunami warning cancels. y
16 www.yournec.org FebruaryMarch ECONEWS
The Good News Page
Candlefish Gets A Chance
Federal protection was extended in
March for the Pacific Smelt, also known
The 6-8 inch fish, which was traditionally
caught and eaten by American Indians using
dip nets, is at risk from climate change and
diminished water flows in the Pacific Northwest.
Candlefish, so named because its high body fat content during spawning allowed it to be dried, strung on a wick
and burned, were once plentiful in the Klamath River. Yurok Indians dried the fish to eat over the winter months.
Sport fishermen often fried the oily fish and ate them whole. No Credit For Clear-Cutters
A scientific review team with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) determined that
the smelt is declining throughout its range. Further declines are expected as climate change affects the availability Responding to public outcry and a formal legal
of the smelt’s food sources and spring river flows critical to successful spawning. analysis submitted by the Center for Biological
In addition to the threats from a changing climate, the Pacific smelt are threatened by shrimp fisheries, predation Diversity, The California Air Resources Board has voted
from birds, seals and sea lions, and lower water flows in the Klamath and Columbia river basins. to withdraw the “Forest Project Protocol.”
NOAA said it would list the fish, officially known as the “euchalon,” as threatened under the Endangered The policy would have allowed logging companies to
Species Act. y earn valuable carbon credits for forest clear-cutting and
other destructive practices.
Not only did the board vote to withdraw the policy, it
also committed to a review of environmental impacts to
Giant Seed Vault May Avert Future Food Crises forests and the climate.
In September, the Air Resources Board adopted a
version of the protocol that would grant carbon credits
An enormous vault, built into a Norwegian mountain as wheat and to damaging forest-management projects – a first
near the North Pole, contains more than half a million maize. The vault step toward allowing forest landowners to accumulate
diverse seed species. is intended to credits for the CO2 stored in trees and forest products.
The vault, which has been billed as “the final defense serve as the last Polluters would have been able to buy those credits
for agriculture in the face of growing populations, a repository for instead of reducing their own greenhouse gas emissions
changing climate and rising threats to food security” such seeds and the under AB 32, California’s global warming law.
now houses the world’s most diverse collection of crops. ultimate resource “We commend the Air Resources Board for its
The most recent addition is a wild strawberry species if disaster strikes commitment to addressing the critical environmental
carefully collected from a remote Russian archipelago. local seed banks. questions related to forest carbon credits,” said Brian
Climate change is expected to have negative impacts Unlike other Nowicki, California climate policy director at the
on agriculture, and saving seeds that have traits to cope such banks, daily Center for Biological Diversity.
with these challenges is a first defense. Since wild plants transactions do not occur. “It’s crucial that the state not give incentives to
show greater adaptability and genetic diversity, these Since the vault is built into Arctic permafrost, it is business-as-usual clear-cutting and other destructive
seeds are being collected for preservation. expected to remain frozen for centuries. Additionally logging practices that hurt our forests and do nothing
Scientists are making great efforts to locate and the remote location is hoped to keep it safe from to address the immediate impacts of climate change,”
collect the wild forefathers of domestic crops such political and geological threats. y he added. y
Ramone’s Wildberries Market
Bakery & Cafe EUREKA
2223 Harrison Ave.
Freshly Roasted Coffee 442-1336
Espresso • Breakfast Pastries 209 E Street
Sandwiches, Soups & Salads 445-2923
Wedding & Specialty Cakes At Pierson’s
Cookies • Truffles • Bread
Pizza • Desserts • Catering MCKINLEYVILLE
OPEN DAILY 839-3383
~ Certified Herbalists ~
Effective, Natural & Economical
for your life. Open 7 Days a Week
• Over 400 medicinal
and culinary herbs Wine Bar! .
Friday & Saturday, 3-9 p.m
• Organic teas
• Custom formulas Wellington Vineyards Pouring
• Unique gifts Thursday, April 1, 5-8 pm, $5/ person
Belgian Beer Tasting
Thursday, April 15, 5-8 pm
$20/ person includes Food Pairing
Thursday, April 29, 5-8 pm
300 2nd Street, Old Town, Eureka $30/ person includes Sushi
(707) 442-3541 • www.humboldtherbals.com
“We Help You Understand Nature’s Pharmacy” 8th Street on the Plaza, Arcata 825-7596
ECONEWS February/March 2010 www.yournec.org 17
Plan It Green Conference The 4th features more than 50 booths, with green, sustainable
and local companies and organizations prepared to
inform and inspire.
Water Bill On Hold
Conference Discussion panels and workshops comprised of local Environmental activists, along with conservation,
takes place experts and invited guests will be held throughout the scientific and fishing organizations, slammed Senator
on Saturday day. Topics include energy, economics, green jobs, and Dianne Feinstein with letters, e-mails and phone calls
April 3 from 8 the many reasons why turning locally raised grain into early this year expressing their opposition to her water
a.m. to 8 p.m. bread is important to the sustenance and health of the legislation that would have weakened Endangered
at the Arcata county. Species Act protection for endangered fish in the
Community It’s a fun and informative day,” Plan It Green Sacramento Delta.
Center. organizer Steve Salzman said. “Every year we open up Agricultural water users had pressured Senator
Admission is the parking lot to local groups like Farmer’s Market and Feinstein to attach language to the Senate jobs bill
free. the Humboldt Electric Vehicle Association (HEVA). that would have diverted Northern California water to
The theme This year a petting zoo will be out there along with a Central Valley farmers.
of this year’s conference is local self-reliance and its bicycle repair demonstration.” Activists’ efforts were successful, and in late
relation to a thriving community. The keynote speaker Everyone can participate in the “Kinetic Electric February, the federal jobs bill passed the Senate without
is longtime Mother Earth News contributing editor and Samba Parade” at noon in the HealthSport parking Feinstein’s contentious rider.
green energy specialist, Steve Heckeroth, scheduled to lot. Performers in the parade include the Humboldt Feinstein’s proposal received heavy media scrutiny
speak at 6:00 p.m. Circus, Samba D’Alegria, members of the Kinetic Lab, resulting in the release of crucial information from
Heckeroth has been writing for the national magazine bicyclists, HEVA, members of Del Arte’ and more. state agencies and universities that has helped to
since its inception 40 years ago. He brings an archive of A “Locally Delicious” lunch of soups and tri-tip debunk some media myths generated by the corporate
solar energy and electric car know-how to the podium, sandwiches will be available along with an evening agricultural industry. Data showed that recent Delta
as well as 40 years worth of personal knowledge from appetizer spread. pumping restrictions were not the primary driver of
living off the land in Northern California. For more information and a complete schedule, visit very high unemployment in Central Valley towns hit
The conference includes an Expo/Trade Show that www.humboldtplanitgreen.org or call 822-0597. y hard by the collapse of the building industry.
The LA Times noted that, “Grape production was
down slightly, but still among the highest on record.
And although photographs of farmers bulldozing their
Student Race For Learn To Be A Bay Docent
Humboldt Baykeeper will hold a training on Saturday,
almond groves for lack of water were a media favorite,
California had more acres of bearing almond trees last
year than ever.”
Endangered Species April 10 and Sunday, April 11 for people interested in
becoming docents for the upcoming Bay Explorations
Although Feinstein put her rider on hold, she has
stated she reserves the right to bring it back should it
High school students are invited become necessary. y
tour season. Deadline for registration is April 1.
to compete on Saturday, May 22,
Baykeeper docents lead small-group, bay-oriented
in the Sunchaser Challenge – a unique adventure race
boat tours for people of all ages.
that helps save endangered species.
This is an opportunity to share your passion for the
Winners will receive eco-adventures, sports
Designated For Frog
bay by educating others about the bay and the work
equipment and other prizes. Students, 15-18 years old,
Humboldt Baykeeper does to protect and enhance the
can compete against each other for individual prizes
health of our local marine environment.
and a special prize for the High School that scores the The U.S.
Experienced docents will teach you about the history,
highest number of points at each location. government
ecology, geology and other aspects of Humboldt Bay, as
This exciting and unique event is made up of four has
well as how to convey your knowledge to others.
fun adventure races – one in each time zone of the designated
For more information, call 707-268-8897, e-mail
continental U.S. – with the goal of raising awareness of 1.6 million
email@example.com, or drop by the office
the plight of species on the brink of extinction. acres as
at 217 E Street in Eureka. y
Entrants can participate as a team or solo, and race critical
disciplines include running, trekking, mountain biking, habitat
kayaking, stand up paddle boarding, road cycling and for the
basic navigation. Racers will participate at four U.S. threatened
locations, the California location is in North Lake Tahoe. California
Learn more at: www.sunchaser challenge.com. y red-legged
frog. It is the third attempt to protect the frog’s
Bird Festival: No Longer Just Geese
habitat in the last nine years.
In 2001 the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
attempted to gain designation for more than four
Known as the Aleutian Goose Festival for ten years marbled murrelets fly at dawn, learning about the Yurok million acres for the frog, but their effort was
and now renamed with a new date, the California Tribe’s California condor reintroduction program, and overturned in federal court. Then in 2006 the
Redwoods Bird & Nature Festival has moved from late witnessing American dippers foraging on the Smith Service revised the rule, intending to set aside
March to May 7-9, 2010. River. about 450,000 acres.
The reinvented festival held in Del Norte County, The keynote speaker for the Friday evening program The red-legged frog was once California’s most
promises the same quality workshops and fieldtrips as is National Geographic’s Explorer-In-Residence, abundant native frog, and it was immortalized in
in the past. Online registration is now available and Mike Fay. Fay will share his adventures and findings Mark Twain’s short story, “The Celebrated Jumping
registrants can choose from 70 events including many from his recently completed one-year 1100-mile hike Frog of Calaveras County.”
new programs. transecting California’s coastal redwood forests. Fay’s But the frog has now lost 90 percent of its
Bird watchers, nature enthusiasts, and cultural journey was featured in the October 2009 issue of historic population due to the fact that its habitat
history buffs can enjoy charter boat ocean excursions, National Geographic magazine. has been contaminated by pesticides. Amphibians
harbor and lagoon kayaking, native plant and wildflower More information and online registration is now with their permeable skin are particularly
walks, and Tolowa and Yurok cultural programs. available at www.calredwoodsbirdfest.org. y vulnerable to such toxics. y
New bird programs include rising early to watch
Sun Frost Energy Efficient
New book, On This Day In Arcata,
honors and makes Arcata newspaper history
Since 1886, Arcata’s weekly newspapers have captured the town’s colorful history ą the
Refrigerators & Freezers wonders and woes, celebrations, calamities, milestones and always-interesting people,
Customized To Fit Your Needs places and things that make Arcata the most intriguing city in Humboldt County. Now, in an
unprecedented collaboration, Arcadia Publishing presents On This Day In Arcata, featuring
4 Available in DC stories from the archives of the Arcata Union and Arcata Eye newspapers. Using images
or AC from several local collections, On This Day In Arcata offers insights into Arcata’s history
4 Select From Over sometimes familar, often surprising but always as fascinating as the town itself.
In On This Day In Arcata, you’ll read all about the installation of the statue of William
4 Choose from 1000’s McKinley and the Arcata Women’s Christian Temperance Union fountain, the opening
of Colors, Finishes
of the Hotel Arcata, Minor Theatre and Humboldt State University’s Founder’s Hall
and Behavioral and Social Sciences Building, the creation of the iconic Humboldt
“Higher efficiency standards for refrigerators Honey and the fires that have changed Arcata through the years, plus the scandalous
have saved the equivalent of all the energy
generated in the US by wind and solar.” deliberations of Arcata’s Spinsters’ Matrimonial Club, and more!
Dr. Chu, US Secretary of Energy Compiled by Arcata Eye editor Kevin Hoover, author of The Police Log: True
Please Contact Us For More Info Crime and More in Arcata, California, and The Police Log II: The Nimrod Imbroglios,
P.O. Box 1101, Arcata, CA 95518 On This Day In Arcata connects Arcata’s past and present, bringing history to life
tel: (707)822-9095 • fax: (707)822-6213
firstname.lastname@example.org • www.sunfrost.com as never before. Available at stores locally.
18 www.yournec.org April/May 2010 ECONEWS
25 DAILY CALENDAR
• Redwood National and State Parks call 464-6101 for road, trail and campground info.
Centers open daily in Crescent City 465-7306. Prairie Creek, Jedediah Smith, and Kuchel.
Call for times.
• Every Saturday Friends of Arcata Marsh tours of Arcata Marsh or Wastewater
Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday
Treatment Plant at 2 p.m. Info: 826-2359
• Every Saturday Redwood Audubon Society’s free field trips of the Arcata Marsh and
Upcoming Events In May 1 2 • Friends of the Dunes (FOD) 32nd Annual
3 Wildlife Sanctuary at 8:30 a.m. at Klopp Lake Parking Lot.
• May 7-9, California Redwoods Bird and Nature Festival, in Del Norte County. Info: www.calredwoodsbirdfest.org or 465-0888 EcoNews Report, • Arcata Community Recycling Center open 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily.
Lupine Bash, Info: 444-1397 Info: 822-4542
• May 8, Humboldt Coastal Nature Center Restoration, 9:30 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. Meet at Humboldt Coastal Nature Center. Info: 444-1397 1:30 p.m. • Redwood Region Audubon Society (RRAS)
• May 9, Friends of the Dunes Property Tour, 2 p.m. Meet at Humboldt Coastal Nature Center. Info: 444-1397
KHSU FM 90.5 • Eureka Community Recycling Center open 9 a.m. daily. Info: 442-2541,
Arcata Marsh and Wildlife Sanctuary Hike,
• May 15, Manila Dunes Restoration, 9:30 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. Meet at Manila Community Center. Info: 444-1397
Meet at parking lot end of South I St at 8:30 a.m.
For more recycling options visit www.humboldtrecycling.org
• May 15, Manila Dunes Guided Walk, 10 a.m. - 12 p.m. Meet at Manila Community Center. Info: 444-1397 • Arcata Marsh Interpretive Center, 569 South G St. Hours: Tues.-Sun. 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.,
• May 22, Lanphere Dunes Restoration, 9:30 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. Meet at Manila Community Center. Info: 444-1397
Mon. 1 to 5 p.m. Info: 826-2359
• Plan It Green Festival at the Arcata Community
• May 23, Ma-le’l Dunes Restoration, 9:30 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. Meet at Ma-le’l Dunes south parking lot. Info: 444-1397
Center. 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. See page 18. • Every Tuesday “The Environmental Show,” KMUD-FM, 91.1(88.3 FM Arcata) at 7 p.m.
• May 23, Ma-le’l Dunes Guided Walk, 2 - 4:30 p.m. Meet at Ma-le’l Dunes south parking lot. Info: 444-1397
• County Hazardous Waste facility open every Saturday from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m.
4 5 6 7 8 9 10
• Friends of the Dunes (FOD)Little River • North Group Sierra Club EcoNews Report, Arts! Arcata • Future Sea Level Rise Awareness Day Rally on
State Beach Restoration, 9:30 a.m.
(NGSC) Executive Committee
Meeting, 6:45-8 p.m. at Adorni
at the NEC
Artist: Nathen Sipan
the Arcata Plaza at 3:30 p.m. Costume Contest.
Be inspired by the Ocean. Info: 633-8847 Speak Up and Speak Out
Center. Info: 826-3740 KHSU FM 90.5 and Cassandra Carlson • RRAS Shay Park Field Trip, meet at Shay Park
Jacoby Storehouse, 6 to 9 p.m. parking lot at 9 a.m. Info: 822-5095 or 616-9841
President Barack Obama Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger North Coast Regional Water
Easter Sunday •The Environmental Show Info: 822-6918 • The 9th Annual Klamath River Cleanup, meet
Community Room of the Yurok Tribe oﬃce, 9 a.m.
The White House State Capitol Building Quality Control Board
on KMUD-FM (91.1, or 88.5) 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. NW Sacramento, CA, 95814 5550 Skylane Blvd., Suite A
Info: 954-0462 Santa Rosa, CA 95403-1072
7 p.m. Washington, D.C. 20500 Phone: 916-445-2841
Comments: 202-456-1111 gov.ca.gov/interact#email 707-576-2220 or 707-523-0135
• FOD Property Tour, meet at 220 Stamps
11 12 13 14 EcoNews Report,
15 Bruce Cockburn Benefit
16 17 Switchboard: 202-456-1414 www.swrcb.ca.gov/northcoast/
www.whitehouse.gov/CONTACT/ Assemblyman Wesley Chesbro about_us/contact_us.shtml
Lane in Manila, 2 to 3:30 p.m. Concert for Siskiyou Land 15th Annual Godwit Days, at the Arcata
1:30 p.m. Community Center. See page 11 for more details. State Capitol
Info: 444-1397 Conservancy Senator Barbara Boxer P.O. Box 942849 Sacramento, CA Secretary of Agriculture
• RRAS Humboldt Bay National Wildlife KHSU FM 90.5 • FOD Manila Dunes Guided Walk, 10 a.m.
Next Friday U.S. Department of Agriculture
• RRAS Conservation Meeting, Washington, D.C. 94249-0001
Refuge Hike, meet at the Refuge Vistor Info: 444-1397
Center oﬀ Hookton Rd. at 9 a.m. meet at Golden Harvest in Arcata at April 23. 112 Hart Senate Oﬃce Building Tel: 916-319-2001 1400 Independence Ave. SW
Tickets available at • RRAS Arcata Marsh and Wildlife Sanctuary Washington, D.C. 20510 710 E Street, Suite 150 Washington, DC 20250
Info: 822-3613 •The Environmental Show noon Info: 442-9353
The Works, or visit Hike, meet at parking lot end of South I St 202-224-3553 or 415-403-0100 Eureka, CA 95501 AgSec@usda.gov
on KMUD-FM (91.1, or 88.5) •NEC Annual Event Planning
• NGSC hike on Trillium and Lost Man at 8:30 a.m. Info: 442-5444
7 p.m. http://siskiyouland.word- boxer.senate.gov/contact/email/ Tel: 445-7014
Trail, meet at Elk Meadows Day Use Area at Meeting, meet at NEC Back Oﬃce,
press.com index.cfm legplcms01.lc.ca.gov/PublicLCMS/ Environmental Protection
11 a.m. Info: 839-5971 6:30- 8:30 p.m. Info: 822-6918
18 19 20 21 22 23 •Green Wheels 3rd Annual Gala, Arcata 24 Senator Dianne Feinstein www.epa.gov/epahome/hotline.
•The California Coastal Vet’s Hall at 6 p.m. $40 for Local Foods Dinner. United States Senate Humboldt County Board of htm
• RRAS Southern Humboldt EcoNews Report, Commission is hosting a free Music Starts at 8:30 p.m. $7 Info: 633-8847 331 Hart Senate Oﬃce Building Supervisors
Community Park Field Trip, meet in 1:30 p.m. habitat restoration, Meet • FOD Lanphere Dunes Restoration, 9:30 a.m. Washington, D.C. 20510 825 Fifth Street, Room 111 Air Pollution Hotline
at the Humboldt Bay National Info: 444-1397 Phone: 202-224-3841 or Eureka, CA 95501 1-800-952-5588
parking lot of Kimtu Road in KHSU FM 90.5
Wildlife Refuge in Loleta from • RRAS Arcata Marsh and Wildlife Sanctuary 415-393-0707 (707) 476-2384
Garberville at 8:30 a.m.
•The Environmental Show 9 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. Info: http:// Hike, meet at parking lot end of South I St feinstein.senate.gov/public/index. co.humboldt.ca.us/board/ Humboldt Bay Municipal Water
Info: 444-8001 www.coastal.ca.gov/publiced/ at 8:30 a.m. Info: 442-5444 cfm?FuseAction=ContactUS. District
on KMUD-FM (91.1, or 88.5)
UNBweb/diggingin.html • NGSC 9-mile Table Bluﬀ Hike, meet at beach EmailMe California Department of 828 Seventh Street/P.O. Box 95
below Table Bluﬀ at 9:30 a.m. Info:441-0702 Forestry Eureka, CA 95502
Congressman Mike Humboldt-Del Norte Unit HQ Phone: 443-5018
25 26 27 28 29 30
ECONEWS April/May 2010
Thompson 725-4413 www.hbmwd.com/contact_us
RRAS = Redwood Region Audubon Society 231 Cannon Oﬃce Building 118 S. Fortuna Blvd, Fortuna,
• FOD Ma-le’l Dunes Guided Walk, EcoNews Report, Washington, D.C. 20515 95540-2796 California Coastal Commission
NGSC = North Group Sierra Club
Phone: 202-225-3311 Mailing Address: PO Box 944246, 45 Fremont Street, Suite 2000
11:30 a.m. Info: 444-1397 1:30 p.m. FOD = Friends Of The Dunes
317 3rd Street, Suite 1 Sacramento, CA 94244-2460 San Francisco, CA 94105-2219
KHSU FM 90.5 Eureka, CA 95501 Physical Address: 1416 Ninth Street, 415-904-5200
Phone: 269-9595 Sacramento, CA 94244-2460 710 E Street, Suite 200
mikethompson.house.gov/ Eureka, CA 95501
•The Environmental Show Send calendar submissions to: contact/e-mail.shtml 445-7833 or 445-7834
on KMUD-FM (91.1, or 88.5) email@example.com www.coastal.ca.gov
Northcoast Environmental Center
April/May 2010 ECONEWS
NON-PROFIT ORG. Arcata, California Vol. 40, No.II April/May 2010
791 Eighth St., P.O. Box 4259 Arcata, CA U.S. POSTAGE
PERMIT NO. 3
Informing The North Coast On Environmental Issues Since 1971
Family Planning Join the NEC and support
our conservation work.
In our fast-paced lives, the indispensable life More Trucks
If you’re thinking of having a baby, supports like air, water and wild nature are often
then the Redwood City start-up
company Counsyl suggests that you
overlooked. Your tax-deductible membership
donation will get ECONEWS delivered into your
first simply spit.
That’s because the firm, for $349,
mailbox every month – and allow us to continue
to educate and inform the public about crucial Redwoods?
runs genetic tests on saliva samples environmental issues that affect this region and Highway Work
to see if prospective parents carry our entire planet.
recessive genes that lie behind more Mail in this membership form, or join Proposed at
than 100 inherited conditions such as online at www.yournec.org. Richardson Grove
cystic fibrosis or Down syndrome. Membership Levels:
Counsyl says screening could spare
countless parents from heartache, $20 Student/Retired $35 Regular
allow fertility centers to first test $50 Family $65 Overseas
embryos before implantation and $1,000 Lifetime
save society from the millions it can
My check is enclosed Also:
cost to care for even one severely ill
person over a lifetime. But critics say Please bill my credit card: Klamath Deals
such testing is a step toward ‘designer VISA MasterCard Wave Energy
babies’ by allowing parents to choose
traits of their children.
Or sign up for a monthly pledge and enjoy the Bruce Cockburn
comfort of knowing that you are continually
Here at the NEC, where we supporting our efforts to protect this region.
understand that overpopulation Monthly Pledge Amount $__________
is a driving force behind many
Bill my credit card
environmental problems, we have
no simple test that can prevent global warming, forestall the decline of fish Send me a pack of envelopes
stocks and other species, clean the air or even solve the mysteries of sudden
oak death. Credit Card # Exp. Date
But your center has been working since 1971 to rectify the environmental Name
‘inherited conditions’ that threaten the bioregion—and our children. We do it Address
through education, agitation and even litigation, and it often costs as much as
developing a DNA screen on a computer chip. City State
We’ve ‘mutated’ somewhat in the last year or so, but please consider
making a contribution today to your environmental screening service.
The future will thank you. E-mail
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