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April-May 2010 EcoNews Northcoast Environmental Center

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April-May 2010  EcoNews Northcoast Environmental Center Powered By Docstoc
					ECONEWS
                                                                                                                                               The Newsletter
                                                                                                                                              of the Northcoast
                                                                                                                                               Environmental
                                                                                                                                                    Center


          Trucking Through Redwoods Steers Into Controversy                                   By Sarah O’Leary
    All travelers driving north on Highway 101 know                       Those in favor point out safety concerns on
they’ve arrived in a special place when they reach the                this narrow stretch of highway and bemoan
narrow, curvy section of highway that runs through                    the economic disadvantage to Humboldt
Richardson Grove State Park and its towering redwoods.                County’s small businesses due to lack of
    I remember my own first journey to Humboldt, packed               access to the industry-standard trucks.
into an old Volkswagon van with no air conditioning on                    The Caltrans Draft Environmental Impact
a sweltering summer’s day. With windows rolled down,                  Report (DEIR) cites a 2003 study which found
desperate for a breeze, we drove up 101 through the hot               that “local businesses and residents pay about
valleys and mountain passes. When the road suddenly                   10 to 15 percent more for goods due to poor
narrowed and we glimpsed the spreading shade of that                  truck access, increasing the decline of locally-
first looming redwood it was as if the tree spirits had               owned retail business out of Humboldt
waved a wand of cooling relief. The shade of the huge                 County.” The report states that, “Several
trees, coupled with the cathedral-like beauty of the grove            businesses including lumber, floral, food and
took our breath away. We pulled over to gaze up in awe.               other manufacturing, as well as the local
    No trucks roared by as we stood contemplating the                 newspaper, have noted higher costs and have
majesty of the redwood forest that so magically crept                 considered relocating out of the county.”
right up to the side of the highway.                                      A small number of STAA trucks do pass
    Times have changed in this region since that hot                  through Richardson Grove because cattle
afternoon in the early 1980s, but Richardson Grove still              trucks and moving vans currently enjoy a
remains a gateway to this unique area – the embodiment                legislative exemption from the STAA truck
of the Redwood Curtain. We are forced to slow our                     restriction through the Grove. However, this
vehicles when we hit those curves just as a visit to our              is scheduled to expire in 2012, and Caltrans
forest and beach trails makes us take a breath and slow               wants the road open to unlimited access and
down for a few moments.                                               to realign the highway to allow two such
    Now a highway-realignment project proposed by the                 trucks to pass one another safely.
California Department of Transportation (Caltrans)                        Barbara Kennedy, a Weott resident
and backed by some area businesses and community                      and member of the Save Richardson
members, threatens to change the character of that                    Grove Coalition, claims that people in the
passage through Richardson Grove forever.                             community have been closed out of the
    The agency wants to remove dozens of trees,                       process from the beginning.
straighten some of the curves and construct a 300-                        “At first they were not even going to do
foot retaining wall, in order to allow access for STAA                an EIR (Environmental Impact Report),” she
trucks – extra long trucks approved by the Surface                    said. “We had to mobilize and we made such
                                                                                                                               Photo: EPIC
Transportation Assistance Act, which are currently                    a clamor we got them to issue a Draft EIR in
prohibited from passing through this section of highway               December of 2008.”                                      A proposed Caltrans highway realignment project that would allow unlimited
(see information box, p. 5).                                                              Safety A Non-Issue?                 access to large “STAA” trucks to Humboldt County is provoking passionate reaction
                                                                                                                              in the community and polarizing different interest groups.
    The proposed project, now estimated to cost                           Kerul Dyer, outreach director for the
taxpayers $7.7 million and slated to begin early next                 Environmental Protection Information Center
                                                                                                                                                Dyer added that according to the CHP report to the
year, has stirred passionate reactions.                               (EPIC), said the organization had reviewed California
                                                                                                                                             Legislature there have been no collisions, citations,
    Opponents say that there has been inadequate                      Highway Patrol (CHP) records and found very little to
                                                                                                                                             verbal warnings, complaints or highway incidents with
opportunity for public comment and participation,                     back up the safety claims in the DEIR.
                                                                                                                                             regard to the livestock STAA trucks allowed to go
cite environmental concerns about threats to the old-                     “For a five-year period there were only six accidents
                                                                                                                                             through Richardson Grove.
growth redwoods and accompanying wildlife and worry                   involving trucks in the stretch of Highway 101 that is
                                                                                                                                                                  Environmental Impacts
that increased access will bring unwelcome traffic and                the project area, and only one involved trucks going in
development.                                                          opposite directions,” she said.                                           Although Caltrans does not propose to cut any old
                                                                                                                                             growth, 54 trees are slated for the ax, including six
                                                                                                                                             redwoods. Of specific concern is the plan to cut deeply

        Diminishing Coastal Fog Threatens Redwoods                                                                                           into the roots of some of the giant redwoods flanking
                                                                                                                                             the highway.
                                                                                                                                                “Redwood science is clear that redwood root
                                                            By Scott Greacen
                                                                                                                                             systems are shallow, lateral roots, which graft to other
    Summer fog has decreased along the California                     suggest that changes in the global and regional climate
                                                                                                                                             redwood roots to develop an interconnected root
 coast over the last century, threatening redwood forests threaten the viability of familiar ecosystems. But it
                                                                                                                                             system for several trees,” said Dyer.
 and their dependent species, reports a recent study                  is among the first to point to specific climate-related
                                                                                                                                                 Dyer said that the proposed realignment will
 published by the National Academy of Sciences.                       concerns for the redwood forest.
                                                                                                                                             harm the trees during construction by cutting and
    The paper’s authors, UC-Berkeley scientists Todd                      Because redwoods are such long-lived organisms,
                                                                                                                                             compacting these structural root systems. “Soil
 Dawson and James Johnstone, say the mighty trees and                 and old-growth redwood forests create their own
                                                                                                                                             compaction of a tree’s root system can disrupt
 the species that live in and beneath them depend on the microclimates, the news of their vulnerability may
                                                                                                                                             respiration processes which power every function of
 cool, damp microclimate provided by the ubiquitous fog. surprise the casual visitor.
                                                                                                                                             the tree,” she said.
    Dawson told the San Francisco Chronicle, “The                         Advocates for redwood forest conservation have
                                                                                                                                                Acknowledging that Caltrans enumerates several
 redwoods along our coast are highly dependent on fog long argued that one of the key flaws in clearcut-based
                                                                                                                                             methods in the DEIR that it will use to minimize
 as a source of water during the summer when water                    plantation forestry for redwoods is that it reduces the
                                                                                                                                             damage to the roots, Dyer questioned the agency’s
 in the ground is scarce. Foggy nights are needed to                  productivity of the overall forest by creating monocultures
                                                                                                                                             ability to follow through. “The project will be
 rehydrate the trees that can’t tolerate long droughts.”              more vulnerable to drought and heat stress.
                                                                                                                                             outsourced to contractors,” she said.
    Even if established trees can tolerate the increased                  The study used the records of fog levels kept at local
                                                                                                                                                But Caltrans project manager, Kim Floyd said that
 drought stress, the authors say, fewer young trees will              airports since 1951, including McKinleyville, analyzing
                                                                                                                                             the contractor’s work will be strictly monitored.
 be able to grow to maturity in the same areas where                  data together with temperature records from 114 stations
                                                                                                                                                “We’ve agreed to have a certified arborist on site
 redwoods stand today.                                                that go back to the beginning of the 20th century.
                                                                                                                                             while the contractor is working,” she said. Additionally
    Redwoods’ inability to regulate their water use as                    The analysis showed that in the early part of the
                                                                                                                                             a wildlife biologist will be employed specifically to
 closely as other tree species is thought by scientists to be 20th century the California coast had about 30 percent
                                                                                                                                             work within the tree root zone.
 the key reason the enormous conifers are restricted to               more summer fog than has recently been the case.
                                                                                                                                                “We have permits and a set of specifications,” said
 the cool, moist coastal belt that extends from the central           The foggiest year on record was 1951, with 62 percent
                                                                                                                                             Floyd. “They have to abide to them. It’s not a choice for
 California coast to just north of the Oregon border.                 of summer days seeing fog, while the least foggy was
                                                                                                                                             the contractor.”
    The study of summer fog decline is the latest to                  1997, with only 27 percent fog through the summer. y
                                                                                                                                                Additional concerns from State Park Officials and
                                                                                                                                             others include the project’s impact on threatened and

                                                Inside This Issue                                                                            endangered species, including the federally protected
                                                                                                                                             marbled murrelet that nests in old growth trees.
 Klamath Settlement Deals Signed...........3                           NorCal Salmon Season Recap...............8                               The North Coast Redwoods District’s (NCRD)
   What Happens Now?                                                     Chinook Stocks Up But Coho Declines                                 comment letter lists six different threatened and
                                                                                                                                             endangered species, and questions the adequacy of the
 Wave Energy...............................................3           Improving Water Quality.......................9                       DEIR in mitigating impacts.
     Humboldt May Pioneer Energy From The Ocean                            Low Impact Development and Local Monitoring                          The potential impacts on threatened species are
 Solutions For Water District Dilemma...5                              Outdoor Activities, All Ages.....10,12,13                             alarming enough to have garnered the attention of
   What To Do With The Excess Water In The Mad                            Kotke Quest, Environmental Education, Hikes                        the Center for Biological Diversity (CBD), which has
 How To Preserve Humboldt’s Forests.....6                              New Rules For Organic Livestock.......14                              allied itself firmly with the opposition to this project.
    General Plan Options To Preserve Our Resource                         What Does It Mean For Humboldt Ranchers?                           An Action Alert on the organization’s web site urges
 Kin To The Earth: Bruce Cockburn........7                            Eco-Mania...............................................15
  Making A Difference Through Music                                      A Monthly Melange of Salient Sillies                                                                 Continued on Page 4
                                                             News From the Center                                                                            Arts! Arcata
                        ECONEWS
is the official monthly publication of the Northcoast
Environmental Center, a non-profit organization,
                                                                At the NEC, we look forward to
                                                            spring on the North Coast and the
                                                            opportunities that a new season can
                                                                                                          you! We’re looking for folks to help
                                                                                                          in specific areas such as decorations,
                                                                                                          activities, silent auction donations,
                                                                                                                                                                  At The NEC
                                                                                                                                                                                           Join us on
791 Eighth Street, Arcata, CA 95521; (707) 822-6918;                                                                                                                                   Friday, April
                                                            bring. The NEC is no stranger to              raffles and other coordinated events to
Fax (707) 822-6980. Third class postage paid in                                                                                                                                        9 for another
Arcata. ISSN No. 0885-7237. ECONEWS is mailed free          change and we appreciate all who’ve           take place throughout the evening.
                                                                                                                                                                                       fun-filled
to our members and distributed free throughout the          been supportive through the recent               We will be holding our first event
                                                                                                                                                                                       Arts! Arcata
Northern California/Southern Oregon bioregion. The          transitions.                                  planning session on Thursday, April
subscription rate is $35 per year.                                                                                                                                                     celebration.
                                                                Some of our members have been             15, from 6:30 to 8:30 p.m. It’s our
                                                                                                                                                                                           As always
Editor: Sarah O’Leary sarah@yournec.org                     asking about the annual event, it’s time      hope that long-time NEC supporters
                                                                                                                                                                                       we will host
Advertising: Sarah O’Leary, ads@yournec.org                 to announce yet another change.               will offer their ideas and energy and
Proofreaders: Midge Brown, Sid Dominitz                                                                                                                                                the event at
                                                                Traditionally the NEC has held our        we also encourage new volunteers to
Staff Photographer: Sam Camp                                                                                                                                                           our Arcata
                                                            annual event - a dinner and art auction       participate. You can sign up for this and
Writers: Nathaniel Page, John Osborn, Ian Jewett, Tara                                                                                                                                 Plaza office
Stetz, Jennifer Kalt, Eileen Cooper, Sylvia Ann White,      - in April. Because our focus has been        other volunteer activities by calling the
                                                                                                                                                                                       on the
Allison Poklemba, Sarah Marnick, Jay Wright, Sue Leskiw,    in other areas, we’ve decided to switch       center at 822.6918 or by emailing
                                                                                                                                                                                       ground floor
Scott Greacen, Pete Nichols, Ron Wells, Maggie Stoud-       the timing of our event to September          tara@yournec.org.
                                                                                                                                                                                       of Jacoby’s
nour, Wendell Wood,                                         – and we are also making some                    Enjoy the longer days and spring
Artists: Mark Jacobson, Terry Torgerson                                                                                                                                                Storehouse.
                                                            changes to the nature of the event. On        blossoms - and don’t be a stranger!
Cover Art: Jason Lawrence                                                                                                                                     This month we will be showing
                                                            September 18, after the North Country         Visit us in Jacoby’s Storehouse Monday
                                                                                                                                                           nature watercolors painted by Nathen
                                                            Fair, your NEC will host a special            through Thursday 9 a.m. - 1p.m. and
                                                                                                                                                           Sipan and Cassandra Carlson.
                 NEC Mission                                celebration including an All Species          Fridays 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. We’re also open
                                                                                                                                                              Sipan, a self-taught artist, has
 To promote understanding of the rela-                      Ball, silent auction, music, dancing and      for Arts! Arcata every 2nd Friday of the
                                                                                                                                                           experimented with different mediums
tions between people and the biosphere                      many other fun activities.                    month.
                                                                                                                                                           since 1985. Although his earlier
 and to conserve, protect and celebrate                         If you’re the sort of person who             ~Tara Stetz
                                                                                                                                                           work was in abstracts, he has found
   terrestrial, aquatic and marine eco-                     thinks planning a party is just as               Interim Office Manager
                                                                                                                                                           inspiration in the natural wonders of
   systems of northern California and                       much fun as the party itself: We need
                                                                                                                                                           Humboldt County. Carlson, an HSU
             southern Oregon.                                                                                                                              art student, recently showed her work
                                                                                                                                                           at a portrait show at the university.
                                                                                                                                                           Although her primary medium is
      NEC Board Of Directors                                                                                                                               paint, she is also a sculptor and her
California Native Plant Society
Jen Kalt (Secretary) jkalt@asis.com                                                 We Want Your Letters!                                                  latest sculpture will be part of HSU’s
Redwood Region Audubon Society                              Feeling irritated by something you read here in ECONEWS? Or maybe one of this month’s          upcoming Sculpture Walk.
C.J. Ralph theralphs@humboldt1.com                          articles made you jump for joy. Tell us about it! Try to keep your letter to 300 words or         As always we’ll be serving a
Sierra Club North Group, Redwood Chapter                    fewer and include your full name and city of residence. We may edit for space and clarity.
Felice Pace unofelice@gmail.com
                                                                                                                                                           selection of savory snacks and
Humboldt Baykeeper
                                                            E-mail letters to sarah@yournec.org, or mail to P.O. Box 4259, Arcata, CA 95518.               beverages including wine supplied by
Pete Nichols pete@humboldtbaykeeper.org                     We welcome your thoughts and comments!                                                         Libation.
Friends of Del Norte
Eileen Cooper upsprout@yahoo.com                                                                                                                              Coming in May: We will be

                                                             Stop Managing
Safe Alternatives For Our Forest Environment                                                                                                               showing the art of David Schumaker a
Larry Glass (President) lglass@foggy.net                                                                                                                   local photographer and educator.
At-Large
Jim Clark (Vice President) dancebirds@sbcglobal.net             Dear ECONEWS,                                                                                 Artists: Show your work at the
Martin Swett (Treasurer) mswett@pacific.net                     For all the years I’ve been looking                                                        NEC! If you are interested in showing
Bob Morris (Trinity County Representive)
bob.morris@wildblu.net                                      on, environmental problems have                                                                your art during our monthly Arts!
                                                            gotten worse and worse. While                                                                  Arcata celebrations, contact us at
                                                            environmentalists win some battles,                                                            nec@yournec.org. y
                                                            groups like yours and many others are


                                                                                                                        Greywater Revisited
                                                            missing the big picture. You win the
Volunteer submissions are welcome! Full articles of
500 words or fewer may be submitted by the 15th
                                                            same battles over and over and over
of each month, preferably by e-mail. Longer articles        again. But overall, the situation still
should be pitched to the editor, contact                    deteriorates.                                     Dear ECONEWS,                               Nutrients will fertilize plants on land, but
sarah@yournec.org or call 707-845-3902. Include                 If you go back and read your
your phone number and e-mail with all submissions.                                                            I was happy to see a letter to the editor   will cause algae to grow and rob water of
                                                            literature from 30 years ago, you’ll          in your last issue that responded to my         oxygen, harming aquatic organisms.”
Ideas and views expressed in ECONEWS are not                find the same stories are being written       article on California’s revised Greywater           Furthermore, a properly designed
necessarily those of the NEC.                               right now. That says only one thing to        Code (December 2009). I appreciate the          greywater system is installed with the
 Every issue of ECONEWS is printed on recycled paper with   me. Environmentalists have to change          comments, and would like to offer a few         option for diversion to the building’s
              soy-based inks. Please Recycle.               their approach because the “change the        clarifications:                                 septic system or city sewer. This gives
                                                            management” approach is not working.              Prior to February 2009, California’s        the household the option to redirect
                                                            Environmentalists need a new strategy.        greywater code only allowed for                 greywater in times of landscape
                                                                There are proposals right now to          elaborate systems that relied on pumps,         oversaturation or for diversion of
                                                            make new national parks like none
    Bouquets
                                                                                                          filters and other high-tech components.         diaper wash water or other prohibited
                                                            before. The new parks are huge.               These systems, typically designed by an         contents. The greywater code outlines
                                                            Waldo Lake to the Klamath marshes,            engineer and installed by a professional,       several other basic health and safety
                                                            The Trinity River to the Rogue River          are prohibitively expensive for the             requirements, including avoidance
                                                            (Ancient Forest National Park, Oregon         majority of households wishing to               of contact with greywater except as
 This month’s floral tributes go to:
                                                            and California’s Yellowstone), all the        utilize their “waste” water for irrigation.     required to maintain the system, and
  Andy Alm, our amazing tech                               Klamath “Everglades”.                         Such complex systems are generally              not using greywater to irrigate root
 support guru and webmaster, who not                            Nationwide there are a                    more appropriate for new housing                crops or edible parts of food crops that
 only created the NEC web site back in the                  hundred proposals documented                  developments where the system cost can          touch the soil.
 days when the World Wide Web was new,                      by www.newnationalparks.org.                  be absorbed in the sale price.                     Dale mentions another good point:
 but recently spent countless volunteer                     Environmentalists’ whole thrust for the           California’s new code, as I stated in       toxic chemicals. Again, the aim of the
 hours updating the site and bringing it                    past hundred years has been to manage         my article, works to address simple,            article was to address simple, home-
 into the current decade. Take a look at                    the land properly. Manage. That’s a very      single-household greywater systems.             based systems where the people living
 http://www.yournec.org - you can view                      small idea. A bigger idea is to set aside     Simple systems, when mindfully                  in the house are active participants in
 current and past ECONEWS stories, see                      enough so that nature can manage              designed, constructed and maintained,           managing the greywater system and
 what's upcoming on the Econews Report                      some of the earth without human               provide for immediate re-use and                ensuring that no harmful substances are
 radio show, take note of Action Alerts                     interference. What a concept!                 exceptional treatment of household              going down the drain. When employing
 and upcoming events relating to all things                     I don’t know why this is so hard          greywater. Furthermore, they last longer,       greywater for irrigation purposes, it is
 environmental, check out breaking news                     for people to accept, that humans             require less maintenance, demand less           crucial to use biodegradable products
 pertinent to our area’s environmental                      have nothing to offer nature when it          energy and cost less money than their           that are salt- and boron-free. These
 concerns, and even friend us on                            comes to management. Management               high-tech counterparts.                         systems may not be appropriate for
 Facebook. Coming soon: A calendar of                       is a ridiculous concept that logging,             I agree with the letter writer. Dale        situations with a high population
 local events. Thanks Andy for your years                   mining and corporations in general            Watson, that greywater should never be          density or rotation of individuals not
 of dedication to the NEC!                                  have made up to manipulate the tree           run onto the open ground as a matter            committed to taking care as to what
  Ted Halstead, who has tirelessly                         hugging community. Look at yourself,          of disposal or in order to escape the           gets put down the drain.
 removed garbage and detritus from                          encouraging land management agencies          cost of proper treatment. Pursuant to              One reason that the new regulations
 Liscom Slough, a tributary to Humboldt                     to manage, manage, manage by constantly       the current regulations – and common            are so exciting is it allows homeowners
 Bay, for the past 10 years. Halstead didn’t                responding to their requests for input.       sense – greywater should not daylight           who weren’t able to install systems
 stop at just picking up the trash, he took                     Please help us with the new national      to the soil surface at any point. A well-       previously due to the burden of cost
 a sledge hammer to old junk cars and                       parks and lets quit this management           designed system will utilize mulch              to get involved with their own simple
 hauled them off in his Toyota pickup, and                  game once and for all, at least for a         basins or constructed wetlands where            system at home. This has benefits not
 enlisted local businesses and nonprofits                   small portion of the planet.                  the water will remain sub-surface,              only in water savings, but it brings us all
 to help to clar the channel of debris .                        I am not a radical, just a critical       providing moisture and nutrients for            closer to understanding the role of water
   Judge John R. Morrison, who in                          observer. This is an observation. This is     the vegetation while effectively treating       within our human communities and the
 February dissolved the Del Norte County                    a part of where we need to go. Let’s not      household effluent.                             surrounding environment.
 Pacific Shores Subdivision Water District,                 waste any more time. Get onboard.                 Greywater should also never discharge          Dan Ehresman
 saving acres of sensitive habitatafter more                    Very Truly Yours,                         to another water source such as a                  Arcata
 than 20 years of legal limbo.y                                 Alden Moffatt                             stream, river or high groundwater table.
2                                                                                            www.yournec.org                                                      April/May 2010 ECONEWS
             Klamath Settlement Deals Signed - Now What?
                                                                       By Jay Wright, NEC Klamath Campaign Coordinator
    The February signing of the Klamath settlement            the “Secretarial
agreements marks a major turning point for the                Determination” process
Klamath conflict and could eventually lead to the largest     which could ultimately
dam removal and river restoration project in history.         lead to a decision by the
   The deals call for removal of the lower four mainstem      Secretary of the Interior
Klamath River dams in 2020, and spending more than            by March 31, 2012, that
$985 million on agricultural diversions and basinwide         Facilities Removal of
restoration projects.                                         the four dams is in the
   Although the signing was a major accomplishment,           public interest, and will
the path ahead looks daunting and even murkier than           advance restoration of
late summer flows from Iron Gate Dam. Now that                salmonid fisheries.
the media spotlight has passed, many readers may be              Part of this
wondering, “Now what?” and “What happens between              determination requires
now and 2020?”                                                an economic analysis
   The next battles will be fought in the halls of            that removal can occur
Congress as the twin agreements will require legislative      within the $450 million
approval for funding and enactment into law. It is not        cost cap. A change
yet clear who will be introducing the legislation, but        to the definition of
the odds are on North Coast Representative, Mike              Facilities Removal in the
Thompson. Without federal legislation, the deals will         agreement could mean
die on the vine.                                              that a substantially cost-      Upper Klamath Lake National Refuge. The fate of the refuge, the Klamath salmon, and water allocations to ag-
   In addition, the $250 million California portion of the    reducing “blow-and-go”          riculture remains in question until the newly signed Klamath agreements are supported by federal legislation..
funding for dam removal is currently dependent upon           option is possible, rather      Photo: U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
passage of the $11.1 billion water bond in November.          than accomplishing full                                                  and ensure that the numerous additional layers of
Passage of this mega-bond seems unlikely in a state           removal of all the facilities and appurtenances.                         scientific study do not lead to a delay in the Secretarial
already drowning in bond debt.                                   Another important requirement will be full                            Determination.
                                                              concurrent state and national Environmental Impact                          One of the largest questions remaining centers on
                        Bailout Blasted
                                                              Reports, with opportunities for public input.                            the lack of a completed Drought Plan. A draft is due by
   Even the United Farmworkers Union blasted the Bond in                                                                               September 30 of this year, but it is not yet clear where
late February and joined a growing group of conservation,                            Many More Studies                                 and when the public will have meaningful input, or if the
fishing, environmental, tribal and family farming groups         A government agency panel at the recent Klamath                       plan will be supported by external scientific peer review.
opposed to the bailout of corporate agribusiness.             Basin Science Conference in Medford included                                Confounding efforts to craft a Drought Plan is the
   Oregon has already passed a ratepayer surcharge            representatives from the Bureau of Reclamation,                          looming actual drought predicted for this season. It is
that will cover $200 million for dam removal.                 U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, and National Marine                        expected to reach historic proportions and may push
However, without the California contribution, either          Fisheries Service. Each agency representative ticked                     the Klamath Basin into conflict along the lines of the
the Secretary of Interior must find that dam removal          off a long laundry list of supporting scientific studies                 2001 water crisis.
can be accomplished for substantially less money              and assessments that will be necessary as input for the                     Oregon’s Governor and Senators have already called for
or an alternative mechanism for California funding            Secretarial Determination.                                               “immediate and coordinated” federal aid to help Klamath
must occur. Failing this, the agreement does contain             It’s clear that there will be many opportunities for                  farmers, fish and wildlife cope. The 2010 water year will
a provision for private funding of dam removal, so            the agencies to stall on studies and delay the process                   be an important test of whether the Klamath settlement
perhaps a deep-pocket benefactor might appear?                in getting to dam removal. It will be critical for the                   agreements hold fast or whether the Basin once again
   The driving factor for the next two years is               public and environmental groups to force the timeline                    devolves into intractable conflicts over resources. y



                Humboldt May Pioneer Energy From The Ocean                             By John Osborn
    The race to find workable alternative energy sources        period to see what environmental impacts this type of                  especially to salmon and whales.
is heating up, and no natural resource is being left            energy production would have and how economically                         Officials say that these devices would be monitored
untested. So it is with the waves.                              viable it is.                                                          extensively to test for impacts and to make sure there’s
    The infinite power of the Pacific Ocean could soon be          These devices will feed energy to land via cables dug               no hydraulic oil leaking into the ocean.
harnessed for what would be the first wave-energy project under the ocean bed, drilled into the shore underground,                        Some of the loudest cries of concern have come from
in the United States – and it may happen right here in          then relayed through power stations in Fairhaven.                      fishermen, particularly crabbers, who worry about
Humboldt County. But the project faces its share of                Five megawatts isn’t much in the scheme of energy.                  how this project would impact their already struggling
challenges, mainly due to the newness of the technology.        Consider that the natural gas power plant being                        industry. Additionally, they are concerned about the
    Portugal built the world’s first “wave farm” in 2008,       constructed in King Salmon is expected to generate 163                 safety of navigating their boats around these devices.
generating a meager 2.25 megawatts, but the project fell megawatts, and that’s still considered small.                                    There is another unknown with this project: the
through due to technical and financial issues                                                                                                  Marine Life Protection Act. Representatives
Scotland and England also have projects in the                                                                                                 from the North Coast are currently working
works, and utility companies across the U.S. are                                                                                               to designate what parts of the coast will be
scrambling to find suitable locations.                                                                                                         protected, as mandated by California. If the
    Although there are a variety of ways to                                                                                                    proposed wave project area gets designated a
capture the energy of the ocean, the process                                                                                                   “Marine Reserve” – the most restricted type of
generally involves using waves to drive turbines                                                                                               protection – that could derail the entire project.
in one manner or another – kind of like how                                                                                                       As to potential benefits to Humboldt County,
wind drives turbines on wind farms. But                                                                                                        a big project like this will stimulate jobs, and, if
unlike wind power, the waves are much more                                                                                                     this project succeeds, Humboldt could very well
predictable and pack more of a punch.                                                                                                          become a center of renewable energy research.
    Based on current calculations, wave power                                                                                                  Of course the benefits of having a viable
has a small carbon footprint – 20 grams of CO2                                                                                                 alternative to fossil fuels in a time where the oil-
per kilowatt-hour compared to 90 for solar                                                                                                     based economy is about as shaky as the earth
photovoltaic, 105 for biodiesel, and a staggering                                                                                              lately are obvious. Wave energy could be a step
974 for coal. It also has a decent energy return                                                                                               toward energy resilience for this community.
on energy invested – 15 to1 compared to 8 to 1                                                                                                    PG&E is applying to the Federal Energy
for solar pv and coal, or 2 to 1 for biodiesel.                                                                                                Regulatory Commission for a Draft Pilot License
    In Humboldt County, PG&E has been studying         Photo: Sam Camp © campimages.com                                                        which, if approved in 2011, would get the ball
the ins and outs of launching an experimental                                                                                                  rolling. Public hearings will be announced at
wave energy system off the coast for the past two years.           PG&E claims there is the equivalent of three Diablo                 that point. But it would still take two years before the
It hosted a public meeting about this project in February       Canyon nuclear power plants – about 5,500 megawatts                    project is up and running, according to PG&E. y
in Eureka. Although PG&E has been eyeing sites up and           – in the waves licking the California coastline.                       John C. Osborn is a local writer who recently developed
down the coast, the good waves and harbor infrastructure                      Economic And Environmental Worries                       an interest in community resilience and sustainability.
put Humboldt on the company’s radar.                               Although the subject of cost was addressed only                     He freelances on occasion with local newspapers and
                         Making Waves                           vaguely at the February meeting, federal grants have                   keeps a blog at www.johncosborn.com, where he posts
    The company wisely chose to take the transparent            paid for the initial studies and the manufacturers and                 short fiction, local political commentary, and other
route with this project, involving government officials,        PG&E will foot part of the bill. PG&E officials estimated              flights of fancy.
environmental groups, fishing organizations, and even           wave energy to cost between $6,000 to $7,000 per
surfers from the beginning. These groups have formed            kilowatt, mainly due to its experimental nature. In
into a coalition - the Humboldt Working Group.                  comparison, it is $1,000 per kilowatt for natural gas and               For more information, visit PG&E’s web site:
    The project, called Humboldt WaveConnect, proposes          $3,000 for wind.                                                        http://www.pge.com/waveconnect/
to test two dozen prototype wave energy conversion (WEC)           Some environmentalists have expressed reservations                   or download the PDFs at:
devices, supplied by three to four different manufacturers,     about the project. As of yet there is very little research              http://www.pge.com/includes/docs/pdfs/
three nautical miles off the coast of Arcata.                   on how these devices affect the marine environment.                     shared/environment/pge/waveconnect/HWG-
    The devices would generate five megawatts of power, Advocates worry about unforeseen environmental                                  MembersList.pdf
most of which would go to Eureka, for a 5-10 year               effects and disruptions to marine life and ecosystems,
ECONEWS April/May 2010                                                             www.yournec.org                                                                                                        3
Trucks Versus Trees - Highway Realignment                                                  Continued from page 1

                                                                                         Jacqueline Debets, Humboldt County                                Miller thinks this would cause local businesses to lay
                                                                                      Economic Development Coordinator, said that                       off employees and even force closures.
                                                                                      many of the county’s small manufacturers and                         Some business owners agree with Miller and oppose
                                                                                      exporters have suffered for years from these                      the project, despite the potential benefits to their
                                                                                      restrictions. These businesses, she contends,                     bottom line from savings in shipping.
                                                                                      provide good-paying jobs and name-recognition                        “Our biggest industry is tourism,” said Talia Rose,
                                                                                      to Humboldt County.                                               owner of Organic Grace in Garberville. “They come up
                                                                                         “Exporting businesses exponentially drive up                   here for the vibe and the way of life. All that’s going to
                                                                                      our economy,” said Debets.                                        change if we have big trucks coming through.”
                                                                                          Bob McCall, sales and marketing manager for                      Increased truck traffic through Eureka poses another
                                                                                      Cypress Grove Chevre, a local manufacturer of                     set of problems, Miller pointed out.
                                                                                      award-winning cheeses, said the restriction “very                    He said that citizens have not been given an
                                                                                      much limits our ability to be more successful with                opportunity to assess the impacts of increased traffic
                                                                                      our products.” He added that the Arcata company                   from large diesel trucks passing through the city and
                                                                                      supplies 45 good-paying jobs with benefits.                       driving on side streets which are ill-equipped to handle
                                                                                          “We sell the vast majority of our cheeses out                 such vehicles.
                                                                                      of the area,” he said. “Small(er) trucks create a                                 Emergency Responders Worried
                                                                                      problem because we have to ‘cross-dock’ This                         The prospect of more truck traffic along this section
                                                                                      takes time, money and it’s hard on the cheeses’                   of highway raises red flags for the Piercy Fire Protection
                                                                                      short shelf life.” Cross docking, he said, means                  District, whose volunteers respond to emergencies and
                                                                                      they must drop the product off in the San                         accidents on the long rural stretch of highway between
                                                                                      Francisco Bay Area and then load it onto a bigger                 Willits and Fortuna.
                                                                                      truck in order to be transported to its final                        Commissioner Jeff Hedin said he is hugely concerned
                                                                                      destination.                                                      about a significant increase in truck traffic without
                                                                                          Once the cheese is wrapped at the manufacturing               better funding for emergency response.
                                                                                      facility it needs to get to the consumer within four                 “We’re underfunded and underequipped,” he said,
                                                                                      to eight weeks depending on the specific cheese. “So              adding that emergency response from Willits to Fortuna
Locations of proposed tree removal, map from Caltrans DEIR                            we sell very little of the cheeses with 6-8 weeks shelf           is 100 percent volunteer during most of the year.
                                                                                life on the East Coast,” McCall said, noting that there are                “It bothers me tremendously that as we improve our
members to send letters to Caltrans opposing the                                just too many time consuming steps that gobble up shelf                 [highway] transportation systems we are not improving
highway realignment at Richardson Grove.                                     life to guarantee the cheese’s freshness when it reaches the
    CBD is a national organization with an impressive                        consumer.
track record of successful lawsuits forcing government                            The lack of access to STAA trucks also
agencies to back off projects that threaten endangered                       affects the company’s ability to import
species, so the project’s opponents have gained a                            needed supplies. “Coming and going we
formidable ally.                                                             pay more than any of our competitors on
    Floyd said the Final EIR is almost completed and will                    the West Coast,” stated McCall.
be available to the public in early May. “All comments                            But he said it’s definitely the
we received during the comment period will be                                additional cost of exporting their
responded to,” said Floyd. Caltrans received nearly 1,000 product that is hampering the company’s
comments.                                                                    ability to grow and develop more jobs.
    “We are still getting comment cards and letters,”                            He gave the example of 950 Safeway
Floyd said. “We certainly are looking at those and                           stores that had authorized three flavors
reviewing them for anything new that might need to be of the company’s fresh chevre line.
addressed.”                                                                  However, “because of the complexity
    People can still call with questions or send letters                     and additional costs of shipping, several
and comments even after the release of the FEIR, said                        of the chains decided not to continue to
Floyd, but once that document is certified the agency                        carry it,” he said.
will be going ahead with permitting and obtaining the                             “This would have been a significant
environmental clearance to begin the project.                                increase in our sales and we could
    Originally scheduled for this year, the project is now                   possibly have gotten a couple more
planned to begin this winter, and Floyd anticipates it                       employees out of that deal,” McCall
to be completed, and the road open to normal traffic,                        added. “The distributors just can’t believe The road is popular with bicyclists who must ride on the narrow shoulder. This
including STAA trucks, by the end of 2011.                                   they can’t get their trucks up here.”                  highway project does not include additional bike trails or other accommodations for
                                                                                   Other businesses have faced similar              bicyclists. Photo: Caltrans.
                           Boon For Business?                                losses of revenue due to the restriction,                                  our funding for emergency services to respond to the
    Several local business owners and their advocates                        including Sun Valley Bulb Farm whose flowers are                           increase in accidents,” Hedin lamented. “The system in
disagree with the assessment that a highway                                  high volume and low weight. Representatives say they                       place was developed in the ‘40s and ‘50s and has not
realignment will cause damage to the redwoods, the                           could fit far more flowers on the larger trucks, saving                    been upgraded since.”
ecosystem and to the esthetics of the park. They argue                       greenhouse gas emissions as well as money.                                    Hedin is worried that the bigger trucks are less stable
that the highway changes are minor and that the                                  Lost Coast Brewery is another area exporter that has                   than their California certified counterparts, and he
benefits of removing a severe economic disadvantage                          been forced to absorb additional shipping cost.                            is not sure if their stabilizing equipment will work to
are significant enough to warrant this project.                                  Debets said that the lack of access creates such a                     rescue big trucks going off embankments.
    But critics say it will hurt small businesses in favor of                significant disadvantage that some businesses, such                           As it stands now, Hedin said, they often have to call
big box stores, confound local emergency services and                        as Premier Meats and Amulet Manufacturing, have                            down to Laytonville and wait hours to rescue truck
add to the damage already suffered by local Tribes from                      relocated out of the area.                                                 drivers who are trapped in their cab after an accident.
the desecration of their traditional sacred places within                        “Also, there’ll be businesses that won’t move here
the redwood region.                                                                                                                                                     The Tribal Redwood Connection
                                                                             because of it,” Debets added.
                                                                                                                                                           The InterTribal Sinkyone Wilderness Council,
                                                                                                           Is It Worth It?
                                                                                                                                                        a nonprofit Native land conservation organization
                                                                                 But Dr. Ken Miller, a community member working to                      comprised of 10 federally recognized California Indian
                                                                             stop the project, wonders if business concerns warrant                     Tribes, is emphatically opposed to the project.
                                                                             endangering one of the last groves of old-growth redwoods.                    “Richardson Grove and the area around it represents
                                                                                 “These businesses aren’t really hurting right now,”                    a very important part of local Indian peoples’ cultural
                                                                                                                            Miller said, “so is         heritage,” said Hawk Rosales, executive director of the
                                                                                                                            it worth it?”               Council. “The Redwood trees are a critical part of the
                                                                                                                               “If you look at          significance of the grove because they are considered to
                                                                                                                            the entire business be sacred to native peoples.”
                                                                                                                            community,                     In testimony read to Caltrans during a June 2009
                                                                                                                            there’s the                 town hall meeting, the Council stated, “The genocide
                                                                                                                            argument that               of this land’s Indigenous Peoples in the mid-1800s was
                                                                                                                            this will actually          followed by the decimation of more than 96 percent of
                                                                                                                            destroy jobs,” he           the region’s old growth redwoods. As Indigenous People
                                                                                                                            added, pointing             and survivors of this holocaust we are taking a stand
                                                                                                                            out that since              on this land of our ancestors to protect our relative the
                                                                                                                            Wal-Mart and                redwood tree, which is unable to defend itself.”
                                                                                                                            Home Depot will                The InterTribal Sinkyone Wilderness Council
                                                                                                                            only site on STAA           issued a letter of comment to Caltrans expressing its
                                                                                                                            routes, allowing            opposition and advocating the “No Build Alternative”
                                                                                                                            these trucks                along with additional traffic-calming measures as an
                                                                                                                            unlimited access            alternative solution.
                                                                                                                            into the county                “The amount of space devoted to alternatives is tiny
                                                                                                                            will just make it           in the Caltrans DEIR as opposed to the data supporting
                                                                                                                            easier for such             the highway widening project,” said Rosales. “The No
The InterTribal Sinkyone Wilderness Council, which opposes the proposed highway realignment, held a cultural event
at Richardson Grove last August. An afternoon of traditional prayer and song was intended to recognize, honor and          big-box stores to
pray for their relation the Kahs-tcho (redwood tree.) Top: InterTribal Sinkyone banner, Bottom: Alaki singers from         move here.
Round Valley Indian Tribes. Photos © Intertribal Sinkyone Wilderness Council.
                                                                                                                                                                                        Continued next page

4                                                                                             www.yournec.org                                                                 April/May 2010 ECONEWS
                                                                                                                                      businesses that ship heavy goods and it is much slower
                                                                   Build Alternative is barely discussed. The DEIR is weighted
                                                                                                                                      than direct trucking. Additionally, it will be at least two
                                                                   unfairly towards promoting this project.”
                                                                                                                                      years before it comes to fruition in the county.
                                                                       Indeed the 182-page DEIR devotes less than 10 pages
                                                                                                                                          “It is not a solution in and of itself,” said Pepper. “But
                                                                   to describing proposed alternatives to the project and
                                                                                                                                      it’s an important tool to assist businesses.”
                                                                   refuting their viability. Included in that discussion were
                                                                                                                                          Meanwhile, critics of the Richardson Grove highway
                                                                   other widening proposals, including a compete bypass of
                                                                                                                                      realignment say that a combination of other alternatives
                                                                   the park, but most of these were rejected because they
                                                                                                                                      could allow limited access of STAA trucks into the
                                                                   would require the removal of many more trees.
                                                                                                                                      county hence serving the needs of local exporters, while
                                                                                           Alternate Choices?                         preserving the integrity of the Grove and preventing
                                                                       Signalization alternatives – which would use traffic           Highway 101 from becoming another big truck corridor.
                                                                   lights to restrict two-way traffic through certain sections,           Some are advocating a combination of traffic signals,
                                                                   or allow STAA access only at night when a signal was in            and speed limit reductions, along with an effort to
                                                                   operation - were also dismissed, as were warning systems           lobby for a legislative truck exemption for specific small
                                                                   such as signs, lights and reduced speed advisories.                businesses.
                                                                       Caltrans rejected a No Build Alternative saying that               “Our stance is not to ignore the economic needs of
        Various local manufacturers and exporters,
        Sun Valley Bulb Farm, Lost Coast Brewery and               without construction to remove the physical constraints,           the county’s businesses,” as one opponent put it. “We
        Cypress Grove Chevre among them, experi-                   safety hazards would continue to exist and STAA trucks             are a creative, resourceful community. We can find
        ence difficulty exporting and importing goods              would continue to be restricted, placing businesses at an          alternative economic solutions.” y
        because industry standard trucks are prohibited            economic disadvantage.
        from entering the county.
                                                                       Many argue, however, that other measures can be taken
                                                                   that would both preserve the integrity of Richardson
                                                                                                                                                 Learn More/Take Action
                                                                                                           Grove and the              Extensive details on the proposed highway
                                                                                                           surrounding area and       realignment can be found on the Caltrans web
                                                              What is an STAA Truck?                       allow businesses to        site for the project: http://www.dot.ca.gov/dist1/
                                                      Industry standard-sized trucks conform-              improve their options      d1projects/richardson_grove/
                                                      ing to the State Transportation Assistance for moving freight.
                                                      Act of 1982 exceed 65 feet in overall                   Short sea shipping
                                                                                                                                      You can find additional information about the
                                                      length - the maximum length for                      has been touted as a       potential impacts of the project and suggested
                                                      “California Legal” trucks.                           potential viable option    alternatives, and sign a petition to save the grove
                                                      STAA trucks have been prohibited from                for some exporting         at www.saverichardsongrove.org
                                                      the Richardson Grove section of 101                  businesses. But Steven     Although the official comment period has
                                                      because the tight curves between large               Pepper, owner of           closed, Caltrans will review new information
                                                      redwood tress make it difficult for the              Humboldt Maritime
                                                                                                                                      submitted. Send your comments to:
                                                      longer rucks to stay within the travel               Logistics, cautioned
                                                                                                                                      Caltrans
                                                      lane without using part of the opposing that although this will                 Kim Floyd, Project Manager
                                                      lane or the unpaved shoulder. However be a useful option for                    P.O. Box 3700
                                                                                                           our region’s shippers,
                                                      legislative exemptions exist for cattle                                         Eureka, CA 95502-3700
                                                                                                           the mode has
                                                      trucks and moving vans.                              limitations.               Kim_Floyd@dot.ca.gov
                                                      Graphic from Caltrans web site
                                                                                                              It will be limited to   (707)441-5739



                    What To Do With The Mad River’s Liquid Assets
                                                                                         By Nathaniel Page
                                                                           Left: Mouth of the Mad River.
                                                                           Photo: Sam Camp: © campphoto.com
                                                                                                                                      survive more frequently. Increasing the amount of fresh
                                                                                                                                      water flowing down the river would shrink that brackish
                                                                            comparable customer, the parties will have to             zone unless the estuary was expanded to encompass its
                                                                            settle on compromise terms if the facility does           historic breadth across the Arcata bottoms.
                                                                            open. But, because the pulp market is so volatile,           No water district in the state has ever justified its
                                                                            the District would prefer not to depend on it             water use on the basis of preserving in-stream flows.
                                                                            forever.                                                  However, the State Water Resources Board does offer
                                                                               “Pulp is a fluctuating market,” Sopoci-Belknap         the option of doing so – as long as the permit holder
                                                                            said. “We can’t depend on the pulp mill going             can demonstrate that the permitted flows are helping
                                                                            forward.”                                                 fish populations.
                                                                               The District could also expand its boundaries             “We’d definitely have to prove that the water would
                                                                            to include Fortuna, Ferndale, Rio Dell and                be benefitting salmon populations,” Sopoci-Belknap
                                                                            Scotia in the south, and Trinidad in the north.           said, adding that the ecological effects would be more
                                                                            However, those small communities would not                widespread. “There’d be species that would benefit and
                                                                            be able to afford the cost of laying the lengths of       some that wouldn’t,” she said.
                                                                            pipe necessary to reach them.                                Since the Mad River has not flowed naturally since
                                                                               “If it was feasible, it would have already been        the 1960s, there is very little data about its salmon
                                                                            done,” Laird said. Furthermore, those towns               populations. No studies of that sort have been done
  Faced with too much                           water and a       would not consume anywhere near as much water as                    on the main stem, and only two have been done
shortage of funds, the Humboldt Bay Municipal Water               the District is permitted.                                          on tributaries – the North Fork and its minuscule
District (HBMWD) held two public meetings early this                 The second solution, selling the water outside the               contributor, Canyon Creek.
year to address the future of the Mad River’s flows.              district, is the most contentious. Humboldt Baykeeper                  No one knows how manipulated flows have
    Three solutions emerged. The HBMWD will either                executive director Pete Nichols, who represents                     affected the salmon populations. To demonstrate an
sell its extra water inside the district, sell it outside         environmental interests on the District’s advisory                  improvement in the fish populations over time would be
the district or find a way to make money by allowing              committee, called it “the least palatable solution.”                impossible without major studies, and it is unclear who
it to run into the ocean. Each option presents various               It would involve transporting water by some untested             might undertake such studies. Laird suspects that the
problems, but according to District board member                  method to some as-yet-unidentified outside customer,                river’s extra flows have not significantly improved the
Kaitlin Sopoci-Belknap, the ultimate solution will                perhaps a city in southern California. Whether such a               fish population, based on anecdotal evidence.
involve a combination of the three – or else the                  scheme would preserve the District’s ability to control                “Since we’ve increased summer flow, you’d think we’d
remaining customers will have to foot the bill.                   its water, and whether it would be a good deal for                  get a big bounce from that,” he said. “But it doesn’t look
    The easiest option would be to sell the water inside          local ratepayers, would depend upon the details of a                like we do.” y
the district via the existing system of pipelines. That           hypothetical contract with the unidentified customer.
would require luring a water-intensive industry to a                                                                                  Nathaniel Page occasionally writes for ECONEWS.
                                                                                                No Takers
location on Humboldt Bay, or the reopening of the pulp
                                                                     No outside entity has yet expressed any interest
mill.
                                                                  in buying Mad River water. Despite its undeveloped                               More Meetings Planned
    The latter event is still possible, but not in less
                                                                  nature, however, this option has the most obvious
than two years. The District is in negotiations with
                                                                  potential for rescuing the District from its financial
                                                                                                                                       Phase 3 of the water resources planning process
Freshwater Tissue co-founder Bob Simpson and hopes                                                                                     is now underway, with a series of public meet-
                                                                  straits.
to sell his company 15 million gallons per day – about                                                                                 ings scheduled for June.
                                                                     The third option is to allow the extra water to simply
a quarter of the District’s permitted capacity – if the                                                                                HBMWD urges citizens to participate in this
                                                                  flow into the ocean. The biggest problem with this
facility does reopen.                                                                                                                  year-long effort at community engagement.
                                                                  option is that there is no clear way to make money on it.
    Sopoci-Belknap said that while negotiations have
                                                                     One idea is that the District might be able to enter              Meetings are scheduled as follows:
been going well, the two parties have encountered
                                                                  into a mitigation scheme with a community that would                 Tuesday, June 1 - Azalea Hall, McKinleyville
sticking points. For example, mill leadership does not
                                                                  pay to maintain fish populations in the Mad River to                 Thursday, June 3 - D Street Neighborhood Cen-
want to pay the varying electric bill for pumping water
                                                                  offset its own effects on another waterway.                          ter, Arcata
to the mill.
                                                                     But increasing flows might be detrimental to the                  Tuesday, June 15 - Wharfinger Bldg, Eureka
    “We sure would like to sell him the water,” said
                                                                  river’s fish. Laird said that fish do their fastest growing
District board member Aldaron Laird. And because the                                                                                   All meetings begin at 6 p.m.
                                                                  in the brackish water zone near the mouth of the river
mill has no other source of water, and the District no
                                                                  before setting out to sea, where bigger fish tend to
                                                                                                                                       For more information, visit www.hbmwd.com


ECONEWS April/May 2010                                                                www.yournec.org                                                                                             5
             Options For Preserving Humboldt’s Forest Resource                                   By Jennifer Kalt
    How to maintain large tracts of timberland, and the                discussed would limit houses to one per 600
jobs and environmental qualities they support, is one of               acres on industrial TPZ lands, while allowing
the complex problems confronting Humboldt County as                    smaller landowners to live on the land they
it completes its 20-year General Plan Update.                          manage.
    Property taxes on Timber Production Zones (TPZ)                       Several other proposals would give small
are about 10 percent of standard property taxes. But                   TPZ landowners more flexibility while
over the last two decades, residential value has begun to              ensuring that the large contiguous areas of
eclipse timber value.                                                  TPZ can’t be broken up into small individual
    As land is subdivided into smaller parcels and land                parcels.
values increase based on residential use, the economic                    If different rules are adopted for large industrial
viability of sustainable timber harvesting diminishes.                 landowners, the following policies would apply to
Unless policies to protect working timberlands are                     landowners of less than 5000 acres:
adopted, Humboldt County could lose its timber base                       •Easier “Rollout” of Smaller TPZ Parcels:
and vital forested landscape. Such policies are needed                 Currently a four-fifths vote of the Board of
to protect working forestlands from being divided up,                  Supervisors is required to remove land from
while allowing small landowners to live on the land they               TPZ zoning and tax status, typically with a
sustainably manage.                                                    10-year waiting period. This new policy would
    Between 1997 and 2008, 35,000 acres of Humboldt                    allow easier rollout for parcels under 160 acres.
County’s industrial timberlands were divided up                        Rollout to rural residential or agricultural
through “Certificates of Compliance,” according to                     zoning would allow one house per legal parcel.
the North Coast Regional Land Trust. Obtaining                            •Option to Remain in TPZ: The Healthy
a Certificate of Compliance is a way to divide land                    Humboldt Coalition recommends giving
without any environmental review or land use planning.                 owners of smaller TPZ parcels (fewer than
    Since 2008, owners of an additional 15,000 acres                   160 acres) the option to remain in TPZ with
initiated the steps to divide TPZ lands using this same                demonstration of active forest management,
process. These Certificates allow for the construction of              such as an approved timber harvest plan,
residences on land that would otherwise be primarily                   non-industrial timber management plan,
used for timber production and habitat values.                         erosion control plan, habitat restoration
    Though many rural areas in the county have long                    plan, or fuels reduction plan. This would
been homesteaded, there is currently no way to                         distinguish landowners who are working to
distinguish between homesteading and breaking land                     restore forest ecosystem values from those
up for less environmentally friendly lifestyles.                       who are not so dedicated.                                                                                                             Photo: Jen Kalt
    Timberlands can be protected by promoting                             •Planned Rural Development Program:
well-planned development in areas served by public                     Environmentally sound residential development
infrastructure, while discouraging widespread                          in appropriate areas would group houses together
residential development of rural forestlands. Focusing                 while keeping the remainder forested under
most future residential development in existing                        conservation easements.                                                                     TAKE ACTION
communities will protect timberlands and open space,                      A combination of such policies would guide future         Express your opinion on the General Plan Up-
ensuring long-term viability of the timber industry – an               development to benefit small TPZ owners while                date by emailing mspencer@co.humboldt.ca.us.
essential economic base for our communities.                           protecting the long-term base of Humboldt County’s           For more information on the Forest Resources
    So the question for planners is how can the General                                                                             chapter of the Land Use Element, visit www.
Plan Update encourage small landowners to manage for                   Jennifer Kalt is Policy Analyst for Healthy Humboldt, a      healthyhumboldt.org.
forest ecosystem values while discouraging the sale of                 coalition of public interest organizations (including the
                                                                                                                                    To read the policies under consideration, see
TPZ land to people who lack a land ethic?                              NEC) working for a County General Plan that provides
                                                                                                                                    the Forest Resources Voting Chart at http://
    One current policy option in the General Plan                      healthy transportation and housing choices while
                                                                       protecting resource lands and watersheds by focusing
                                                                                                                                    co.humboldt.ca.us/gpu/documentsKeyIssues-
Update would create different rules for industrial                                                                                  PlanAlt.aspx.
and non-industrial TPZ lands. Another policy being                     future growth in existing communities.




                  Planting Project To Benefit Salmon                                                                                                Satisfy Your Soul
                                                                                                                                           Bulk Herbs & Teas * Essential Oils * Herbalist Supplies * Books
                                                            By Ryan Wells                                                                                        And So Much More
                                                                                                                                           Serving Humboldt County since 1985
    The North Coast Regional Land Trust (NRLT) is                         channels. The revegetation plan, developed by John         On the Arcata Plaza Open 7 Days 707-822-5296
 seeking volunteers for the revegetation phase of its                     Bair, riparian botanist for McBain & Trush, mirrors

                                                                                                                                    Want a Cabin by a River?
 habitat restoration project in Freshwater.                               natural conditions at the site.
    NRLT owns and manages the 54-acre Freshwater                             This phase of the project follows the installation
 Farms Reserve located on diked former tidelands                          of fish screens and the excavation of four slough
 along Humboldt Bay, just west of Three Corners                           networks – totaling about 3,200 feet in length – from                                     Have Ours
 Market. The area is historically dominated by salt                       the historic marsh plain.
 marsh but was converted, through diking and                                 Two existing seasonal ponds were also excavated
 simplification of the slough systems, into drier land                    to provide year-round habitat for tidewater goby
 for agriculture.                                                         (Eucyclogobius newberryi). Tidewater goby were
    Endangered and threatened fish species, including                     known to inhabit the existing pond south of the Wood
 coho salmon and steelhead and coastal cutthroat                          Creek tide gate and it is hoped they will migrate
                                                                                                                                    Jade River Lodge
 trout, have been impeded from entering the greater                       through the new slough system and utilize these
                                                                                                                                    Joe & Sally Gillespie
 Freshwater slough system by a levee and gate, so the                     newly-excavated brackish water pools.
                                                                                                                                    jaderiverlodge.com            (707)954-1641
 habitat-restoration project was initiated in 2006.                          An existing wooden flap tide gate at the mouth
    The revegetation phase will begin on March 31                         of Wood Creek was opened in October, allowing
 and is expected to be completed by April 15. More                        full access to the project site for fish, crustaceans
 than 46,000 native wetland-associated plants will                        and other aquatic species, as well as the tides that
 be planted across some newly constructed tidal                           bring them in. Once the project manager and project
 hummocks and along the margins of the new slough                         engineer agree that the restoration site has settled,
                                                                                   the tide gate will be dismantled in place and
                                                                                   removed.
                                                                                      Volunteer planting days are scheduled for
                                                                                   April 1 and April 10, from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m.
                                                                                   Smaller groups are also welcome to come and
                                                                                   work alongside the California Conservation
                                                                                   Corps weekdays between April 5 and April 15.
                                                                                      The project area is tidally influenced and
                                                                                   receives some periods of flooding, though
                                                                                   planting times will be scheduled for low-               GLOBAL VILLAGE GALLERY
                                                                                   tide periods. Because of standing water and          Textiles • Beads                                             973 H Street Arcata
                                                                                   saturated wetland soils, rubber boots are           Clothes • Jewelry                                                  826-2323
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Open 7 days a week
                                                                                   recommended, along with gardening gloves,
                                                                                   water, and snacks. A portable restroom will be
                                                                                   available nearby.
                                                                                      To help, contact Ryan Wells, NRLT Project
 The 29-acre wetland restoration site during an 8.4-foot high tide. Twenty acres     Manager, at (707) 822-2242. y
 of the Land Trust property remain unflooded and in agricultural production,
 creating a mixed-use management of this conservation property. Photo cour-    Ryan Wells is the project manager for the North
 tesy Ryan Wells, NRLT.                                                        Coast Regional Land Trust.


6                                                                                        www.yournec.org                                                                   April/May 2010 ECONEWS
Kin to the Earth
         Making A Difference Through Music: Bruce Cockburn                          By Sarah O’Leary

   Deforestation, land mines, mass extinctions – these                                                                          Enough pressure was brought to bear that an
are just some of the environmental and humanitarian                                                                          international treaty was signed in 2007 banning
issues that Bruce Cockburn sings about, inspiring                                                                            landmines, said Cockburn. Around 450 countries,
activists and ordinary citizens the world over to act to                                                                     including Canada, are signatories to that treaty.
end injustice and environmental destruction.                                                                                    “But the big ones haven’t signed yet,” he said,
   “My role is as an attention-getter,” said Cockburn.                                                                       noting that the U.S., China and Russia have resisted
“People come to me with a request to help get attention                                                                      signing the treaty. Cockburn has performed several
and raise awareness about something.”                                                                                        benefit concerts to raise awareness on this issue and
   And the Canadian singer/songwriter has been                                                                               to galvanize grassroots support in compelling the U.S.
doing just that for the bulk of his career. This year he                                                                     government to sign the treaty.
was presented with Earth Day Canada’s Outstanding                                                                                                     Take A Stand
Commitment to the Environment Award, in                                                                                         Whether your pressing issue is deforestation,
recognition of three decades of being an outspoken                                                                           species extinction, climate change or another
voice on issues relating to the environment.                                                                                 manifestation of a world out of balance, Cockburn
   “There’s a steadily unfolding tragedy out there,” said                                                                    says to get involved in whatever way you can.
Cockburn. “And it’s enough to piss us all off.”                                                                                 “To the extent that we still have democracy
   In addition to producing a repertoire of 30 albums,                                                                       you’ve got to keep pounding your representatives in
Cockburn has performed benefit concerts for a myriad                                                                         government about this stuff – because they run on
of small environmental organizations in the U.S.                                                                             votes and if they think they’re gonna get voted out
and Canada, including an upcoming concert for the                                                                            they’re gonna listen,” he said.
Siskiyou Land Conservancy scheduled for April 23 at                                                                             “It’s a slow and frustrating process but it’s the best
the Arcata Theatre Lounge.                                                                                                   thing we’ve got right now – other than taking direct
   One of Cockburn’s most popular songs, “If a Tree                                                                          action of course and getting in the way.”
Falls” penned in the mid-‘80s, poignantly evokes the                                                                            Cockburn acknowledged that the direct action
devastation wrought by overlogging. The song later                                                                           route is not open for everyone.
became the title cut for a 1996 album produced to                                                                               “That is an option of course for those who can do it
benefit Southern Humboldt’s Trees Foundation.                                                                                and are inspired to do it,” he said. “ But for everybody
   Although some interpret the lyrics to describe the                                                                        else, the 9 to 5ers, those with kids in school or other
destruction of the Amazonian rainforest, Cockburn                                                                            concerns – it’s through the political arena that we can
said that the song was inspired by a radio documentary                                                                       make things happen.”
on the disappearing woodlands in Borneo along with           sitting on it.”                                                    He pointed to the Siskiyou Land Conservancy
his own experiences driving through the diminishing             “There’s a heartbreak in that,” he said. “It’s like this   (SLC) as a positive effort to make effective change.
forests in British Columbia.                                 was a beautiful thing and it ain’t there anymore and it’s     The organization purchases land parcels to hold in
   “It was easy to make the connection between the           never coming back.”                                           conservation.
tropics and the northwest rainforest,” said Cockburn.           Music isn’t the only medium that Cockburn uses                “The strategy is effective and it’s a way to do an end
   Born in Ottawa in 1945, Cockburn attended Berklee         to raise awareness about environmental and political          run,” he said. “This is how we got the land mine treaties
College of Music in Boston in the early ‘60s, but gave       issues. During the late ‘90s he was deeply involved in        signed, they did an end run around the formal political
up jazz guitar for rock ‘n’ roll and folk music. His 1979    creating the film “River of Sand” about the effects of        processes and went ahead and fixed it.”
hit, “Wondering Where the Lions Are,” gained him             desertification in Mali, and 2008 saw the release of the         Finding ways to circumvent obstacles makes good
recognition on this continent when it reached the top        Canadian film, “Return to Nepal” in which Cockburn            activism, Cockburn said. “If the government isn’t going
25 on the U.S. Billboard charts.                             examines the connection between humans and the                to protect the land in question, buy it and protect it
                    A Respect For The Wild                   environment.                                                  yourself.”
   Cockburn said he learned to love the wilderness              “The desertification of Mali is a lot about                   You can’t take on everything, Cockburn tells those
as a young child during summers spent at a camp at           deforestation. When you talk to the old people in those       who would change the world. “Go for the thing that
Algonquin Park in Ontario.                                   villages, they can remember looking up at the hillsides       looks like you can grab it. If everybody did that I think
   “We would go on extended canoe trips, sometimes           and seeing them covered with trees, ” said Cockburn.          the world would be in a less dire state than it is,” he said.
a hundred miles,” he said. “Paddling through that            “And there were animals in the bush - lions, birds.              “And for those that are spiritually inclined at all –
wilderness and seeing traces of where there had been         And it was all cut down for firewood – there’s no more        pray like hell.” y
logging in the past drove a respect for the wild into me,    animals, there’s no more trees, there’s no more water.”
and that shaped my whole attitude toward the world”             The musician has worked since 1995 on the                  Bruce Cockburn will perform a benefit
   His awareness of the fragility of the environment         international effort to ban land mines worldwide.             concert for the Siskiyou Land Conser-
grew in the early ‘70s, Cockburn said, when he lived in         “Landmines are evidence that war is the biggest
a truck and spent much of his time traveling through         polluter of all,” he said.
                                                                                                                           vancy on April 23 at the Arcata Theatre
western Canada.                                                 The musician joined with activists in an effort to         Lounge. For ticket information visit
   “You’d see something for the first time and it was        bring about a international ban on the destructive            http://siskiyouland.wordpress.com and
amazing,” he said. “Then the third time through you’d        military practice.                                            click on the Bruce Cockburn tab.
notice it wasn’t there anymore – it’s got a development




         Oceans Become Perilously Acidic
                                                    By Pete Nichols
    Much of the discussion revolving around climate         to make their skeletons. Coral and many types of
 change has focused on carbon dioxide (CO2)                 shellfish will find it much harder to build their shells
 emissions into the atmosphere as the major culprit         as the ocean becomes more acidic. Moreover, it can
 impacting our global climate. However, as in any           also impact the species that rely on those organisms as
 natural system, ecosystem functions and processes are      a food source.
 inextricably linked and now scientists are beginning to        While the study’s findings are certainly
 look at the impacts of CO2 emissions on the world’s        troubling and reveal the true complexities of global
 oceans.                                                    climate change, an opportunity to impact how the
    A new study, published in Nature Geoscience,            Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulates
 found that ocean acidification is occurring about          carbon emissions may result from this crisis.                                            Athing Wellness Center
 10 times faster than a similar event 55 million years          The agency has agreed to explore ways to tighten                             Chiropractic, Massage and Acupuncture
 ago. That event resulted in massive extinctions in the     its regulations regarding ocean acidification under the                            James Athing, Doctor of Chiropractic
 world’s oceans.                                            Clean Water Act.                                                                             Soft Tissue Specialist
                                                                                                                                                       Work, Auto & Sports Injuries
    Scientists are concerned that high levels of CO2 are        The decision results from a 2009 lawsuit filed by
                                                                                                                           735 12th Street, Arcata    (707)822-7419    www.athingchiropractic.com
 being released into the atmosphere at a much greater       the Center For Biological Diversity, which argued that
 rate than occurred millions of years ago and that,         the coastal waters off Washington State had become
                                                                                                                              A KLAMATH MOUNTAIN CABIN
 coupled with rising ocean temperatures could have a        acid enough to violate EPA standards, and that these
 significant effect on the biology of the seas.             waters should be designated impaired under the Clean                         Peaceful and Private
    The ocean absorbs approximately one-fourth              Water Act.                                                                                  Nearby great swimming, hiking & biking
                                                                                                                                                        For more info contact Max or Nena Creasy
 to one-half of the CO2 that humans add to the                  The ruling will require EPA to create a process for                                         530-469-3413 Somes Bar, CA
 atmosphere each year, greatly reducing the impact of       all states with coastlines to address ocean acidification                                      www.vrbo.com Property # 7696
 this greenhouse gas on climate. However, when CO2          through monitoring the chemistry of their coastal
 dissolves in seawater, carbonic acid is formed, which      waters and to provide support as they develop                         Save the Dolphin                         More information at

 lowers the natural pH of the ocean.                        regulations to control CO2 emission levels. y                                                                Blue Dolphin Alliance
    This phenomenon, called ocean acidification, can
 trigger significant impacts to the marine environment,     Pete Nichols is the executive director of Humboldt                                                           www.bluedolphin.org
 especially on species that rely on calcium carbonate       Baykeeper.                                                            Save Yourself                            888-694-2537


ECONEWS April/May 2010                                                         www.yournec.org                                                                                                   7
                    Chinook Stocks Up Slightly, But Coho Stocks Decline
                                                                                                            Submitted by the Hoopa Valley Tribe Fisheries Department

    Despite devastating destruction to Pacific salmon                                                    reach of the Trinity River was 4,249. The total tribal
stocks, the magnificent fish is showing small signs                                                      harvest was 28,565, with the majority harvested on the
of recovery.                                                                                             Yurok Reservation in the estuary.
    After two years of recreational ocean salmon                                                            Of the total tribal harvest, 15,700 were sold
fishing closures, and four years of ocean commercial                                                     commercially by Yurok Tribal members. A portion
salmon fishing closures, the 2010 season forecast for                                                    of Hoopa tribal harvest was sold commercially. The
Klamath River and Central Valley stocks show levels of                                                   remaining fish were used for subsistence and ceremonial
abundance that could allow fishermen to get their boats                                                  purposes.
back on the water, briefly.                                                                                 The number of commercially harvested salmon in
    The Pacific Coast Fishery Management Council                                                         2009 was up by 3,500 fish from the 2008 commercial
(PFMC) released its post-season recap in mid March                                                       harvest. Ocean commercial fishing was banned on the
detailing the 2009 fall salmon runs and suggested                                                        California coast during the 2009 season.
options for the coming season.                                                                              Recreational harvest for the Klamath and Trinity Rivers
    “Although the 2009 Klamath River run was lower than                                                  totaled 7,790. The California ocean recreational season was
predicted, 2010 holds slightly more promise,” Hoopa                                                      limited this year with brief late-season openings on the
Valley Tribal Fisheries Director, Mike Orcutt said.                                                      North Coast. There were 5,400 recorded ocean vessel trips
“The PFMC predicts that an abundance of four-year-                                                       with 673 chinook salmon caught.
old salmon will migrate up Klamath and Trinity
rivers this year, with a slight increase in harvest
opportunities for tribal and non-tribal fisheries.”                                                                                                                                                                      More than 112,000 Chinook Salmon returned to the Klamath Basin to
                  2009 Spawner Overview                                                                                                                                                                                  spawn during the 2009 season. Data retrieved by several tribal, state,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         and federal organizations is compiled and used to determine the run
    On the Trinity River more than 23,000 fall run                                                                                                                                                                       size. Over half of the Chinook returning to the Klamath Basin entered
chinook spawned naturally in the mainstem and                                                                                                                                                                            the Trinity River to spawn in the Trinity Basin.
tributaries. Another 7,500 were spawned at the Trinity
River Hatchery. On the Klamath River nearly 30,000                                                                                                                                                                       season. Tribal and recreational harvest information
spawned naturally and about 13,500 were spawned                                                                                                                                                                          will be available on May 1.
at Iron Gate Hatchery. The total for the Klamath                                                                                                                                                                             The PFMC proposed the following options:
Basin, including the Trinity River, was 52,702 natural                                                                                                                                                                       Sport Season Options - California ocean sport
spawners and 20,986 hatchery spawners.                                                                                                                                                                                   fishing options for the Fort Bragg, San Francisco, and
    Escapement goals, the                                                                                                                                                                                                Monterey areas range from entirely closed to nearly full
amount of adult fish the                                                                                                                                                                                                 summer seasons that would begin April 3. One option
PFMC determine need                                                                                                                                                                                                      is to raise size limits from 20 to 24 inches in the San
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Francisco and Monterey areas to protect ESA listed
to spawn naturally and                                                                                               Top: The Willow Creek Weir is installed in early to mid                                             Sacramento winter chinook stocks.
in the hatchery setting,                                                                                             August before the fall run reaches the Trinity River. The Weir
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Chinook ocean sport fishing options for the Eureka,
                                                                                                                     is co-managed by the California Department of Fish and
were met and exceeded                                                                                                Game and the Hoopa Valley Tribe. Constantly attended, the                                           Crescent City, and Brookings areas have start dates
by about 4,000 – a slight                                                                                            fish passing through are counted. The numbers are just one                                          ranging from late May to early July, and all options run
                                                                                                                     part of a complex formula designed to estimate the total                                            through Labor Day.
boost that can be expected
to improve runs in 2013                                                                                              Left: Hoopa Valley Tribal Fisheries technician Loren Aubrey                                             For the Tillamook, Newport, Coos Bay, and
                                                                                                                     measures and takes scale samples from a fall run chinook that                                       Brookings areas, recreational options include mark-
and 2014 if river flows                                                                                              was harvested on the Trinity River in Hoopa. Scale samples are
                                                                                                                     used to build an age composition report for the Pacific Fishery                                     selective coho fishing seasons starting in June or July
and restoration projects
                                                                                                                     Management Council, the organization that determines the                                            and running into August, with quotas between 25,000
provide favorable habitat.                                                                                           pre season allocation and post season harvest.                                                      and 35,000, less than half of the 2009 quota. Chinook
    Data gathered by the                                                                                                                                                                                                 fishery options range from two to six months.
Hoopa Valley Tribe,                                                                                                             What to expect in 2010                                                                       Commercial season options - Commercial ocean
Yurok Tribe, California                                                                                            The PFMC released options for public review                                                           chinook salmon fishing options in California range from
Department of Fish and                                                                                           and will hold a hearing in Eureka to discuss the                                                        closed to substantial seasons in all areas. Options for
Game, and the U.S. Fish                                                                                          coming season’s options. The hearing will be                                                            the Oregon season in the Brookings area range from
and Wildlife Service is combined and mulled over each                                                    at the Red Lion Hotel March 30, at 7 p.m. For more                                                              small quotas in June and July to traditional time and area
year to calculate the season’s run. That data will be used                                               information, visit the PFMC website at www.pcouncil.                                                            quota-based seasons running from May through August.
to estimate future runs. Data is gathered by surveying                                                   org. Click on the salmon tab.                                                                                       There will not be any commercial fisheries for coho
counts at weirs and surveying spawning beds (redds).                                                        Klamath River fall chinook are forecast to meet                                                              salmon in central and southern Oregon this year.
                     2009 Harvest Overview                                                               the minimum natural spawning goal of 35,000, and                                                                    More information on these options and public
    The Yurok tribal harvest was a little more than                                                      the 2010 management objective of 40,700. Coho                                                                   hearing dates and times can be found at the Fishery
24,300. The Hoopa tribal harvest on the lowermost                                                        returns are expected to be lower than the 2009                                                                  Council website, www.pcouncil.org. y


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8                                                                                                                                         www.yournec.org                                                                                              April/May 2010 ECONEWS
Low Impact Development: New Tools to Improve Water Quality                           By Jennifer Kalt
                                                                          Left: This grassy “bioswale” in a parking lot is                   Monitoring of swales has documented significant
                                                                          an example of a low impact design feature that
                                                                          helps filter heavy metals, oil and grease so that               removals of metals and total suspended solids, though
                                                                          polluted runoff does not reach nearby streams.                  reductions in pollutants such as nitrates and phosphates
                                                                          Photo: Jen Kalt                                                 have been variable.
                                                                             Site-specific design features that generate                     LID works equally well in new development and
                                                                          less surface runoff, less pollution, less erosion,              redevelopment projects, and can also be used to retrofit
                                                                          and less overall damage to lakes, streams, and                  existing development.
                                                                          coastal waters are the essence of LID. Such                        In many jurisdictions, these development
                                                                          features also reduce the need for expensive                     principles are mandated in new residential and
                                                                          centralized conveyance systems.                                 commercial developments by local ordinance.
                                                                             Vegetated swales, or “bioswales,” are                        In Humboldt County, however, LID is often
                                                                          essentially shallow, sloped, grassy ditches                     made difficult by existing ordinances and polices
                                                                          that act as both stormwater conveyance                          governing development.
                                                                          and treatment systems. Pollutant removal                           The General Plan Update is a good opportunity
                                                                          in swales is accomplished via filtration                        to adopt new guidelines to promote the use of Low
                                                                          through channel and side slope vegetation,                      Impact Development to protect local creeks, rivers,
                                                                          infiltration into the channel bottom and                        and coastal waters. y
                                                                          activity of soil microbes.
  Low Impact Development (LID) is
a suite of design features that reduces the environmental impacts of                  Common pollutants in urban runoff, their causes, and potential LID solutions*
development practices.
   For example, rain gardens, bioswales, rain barrels and                              Pollutant:                       Cause:                 LID Solutions:
permeable paths and driveways all help filter pollutants from                          Petroleum products,       Impermeable pave-          Permeable pavement, paving stones, reduction
stormwater runoff before it flows into creeks and rivers.                              heavy metals              ment                       in paved surfaces, bioswales in parking lots and
   In a typical residential neighborhood, much less rainfall                                                                                adjacent to streets.
infiltrates the soil to be taken up by plants, and less evaporates into                Nitrogen, phospho-        Fertilizers and pesti-     Rain gardens or bioswales to intercept runoff be-
                                                                                       rus, pesticides           cides used for lawns       fore it gets to storm drains. Infiltration into the soil
the atmosphere. Because of the increase in impervious surfaces                                                   and other landscap-        allows breakdown by soil microbes; interception
associated with most development, about 20 to 30 percent of                                                      ing                        by plants that take up water and pollutants keeps
rainfall becomes stormwater runoff.                                                                                                         them out of storm water.
   This runoff carries pollutants and causes erosion as water runs                     Fecal coliform            Pet excrement, leaks       Rain gardens or bioswales, regular testing and
across rooftops, roads, and parking areas. Storm drains flow                                                     from municipal             maintenance of sewer and stormwater systems.
                                                                                                                 sewer lines or septic      Shallower sloped, longer, sandy soiled, and
directly into creeks, sloughs and marshes, carrying untreated                                                    systems                    densely grassed swales have the highest pollution
stormwater to Humboldt Bay and other coastal waters.                                                                                        removal rates.
   Pollutants such as oil and antifreeze, brake pad dust, fertilizers                  Suspended solids          Construction sites,        Stormwater prevention “Best Management Prac-
and pesticides, sediment, and heavy metals from roofing material                                                 roads                      tices” such as straw wattles, tarping soil heaps,
are common in stormwater runoff and can have significant effects                                                                            cleaning heavy equipment, etc.
                                                                                       Copper                    Roofs, vehicles            Use of gutter runoff in landscaping, e.g. rain
on water quality.                                                                                                                           gardens, rain barrels and cisterns, green roofs, and
   LID aims to control the problem close to the source, a new                                                                               roof gardens; street sweeping.
approach to conventional practices of collecting and disposing of
stormwater off-site. This is achieved by reducing the amount of                      *Water conservation is always the first solution that should be employed. Planting na-
stormwater that needs to be treated through lessening the impervious
                                                                                     tive and/or drought-tolerant plants and using mulch are examples of water conserva-
footprint of a site. The end result is improved water quality.
                                                                                     tion measures for landscaping that will help protect water quality by reducing runoff.




                    Local Efforts Stem The Tide Of Water Pollution
                                                                                        By Jennifer Kalt

     Nationwide, approximately 50 percent of water             commonly found in stormwater runoff, including
  pollution is caused by stormwater runoff. In California,     fecal coliform bacteria, heavy metals, nutrients
  pollution accumulates during dry summers, and with           such as nitrates and phosphates, and pesticides
  the first heavy rains, these pollutants are flushed into     frequently used on lawns and landscaping.
  storm sewers, creeks, and rivers, eventually flowing         Physical parameters such as turbidity, pH, and
  into the ocean and estuaries such as Humboldt Bay.           total suspended solids are also measured.
     Runoff from parking lots and roads, faulty septic or                          2009 Results
  sewage systems, agricultural and residential pesticide          After the season’s first major storm,
  use, and industrial sources all contribute to stormwater     Humboldt County waterways often contain
  pollution. Sediment from logging, roads, construction,       much higher levels of fecal coliform bacteria
  and landslides is also major source of polluted runoff.      than water quality standards recommend
     Humboldt Baykeeper’s Citizen Water Monitoring             for recreational waters. These bacteria are
  Program began in 2005 and now includes more than             indicators of other pathogens, many of which
  30 sites in 12 streams, including several stormwater         are difficult to detect.
  runoff ditches.                                                 Faulty septic systems, pet and livestock
     The goal of the Water Monitoring Program is to            feces, and leaky sewage pipes can all
  document the present condition of local streams, to          contribute to the high levels of fecal coliform      Jen Kalt trains volunteers for the Humboldt Baykeeper Citizen Water Monito-
  identify problem areas for future monitoring, and to find    in local creeks. This year, several locations        rin Program along Butcher’s Slough in Arcata. Photo: Humboldt Baykeeper.
  solutions that reduce such pollution.                        were found to have extremely high levels
     The data compares snapshots of water quality during       of fecal coliform, though the causes are                          and washing cars at car washes, where chemicals and
  the dry weather period in late summer and the “First         unknown. (See graph below.)                                       soaps will not runoff into storm drains and creeks.
  Flush” after autumn’s first big storm sends pollutants          The Humboldt County Environmental Health                           You can also create rain gardens and direct rain
  washing off streets into storm drains and creeks.            Department monitors fecal coliform near creek                     gutters to them. Such gardens can absorb much of
     Samples are tested for a variety of pollutants that are   mouths that deliver stormwater into the ocean.                    the stormwater that would otherwise flow into storm
                                                                                   Sampling results at Moonstone                 drains, ending up in creeks and Humboldt Bay.
                                                                                   Beach, Clam Beach, Trinidad                       For more information on Humboldt Baykeeper’s
                                                                                   State Beach, Luffenholtz Creek                Citizen Water Monitoring Program, visit www.
                                                                                   and the mouth of the Mad River                humboldtbaykeeper.org.
                                                                                   are posted on the county’s website                Baykeeper thanks the dozens of dedicated volunteers
                                                                                   at http://co.humboldt.ca.us/HHS/              and partners, including the Cities of Eureka and Arcata,
                                                                                   PHB/EnvironmentalHealth/                      Pacific Watershed Associates, Salmon Forever, and
                                                                                   OceanMonitoringProgram/.                      North Coast Laboratories, who help make this program
                                                                                      The County Health Department               a success. y
                                                                                   recommends that beachgoers avoid
                                                                                   contact with coastal waters and
                                                                                   streams until at least three days after        Jennifer Kalt is Humboldt Baykeeper’s Citizen Water
                                                                                   a heavy rainfall.                              Monitoring Coordinator, and advocates for better land
                                                                                                  You Can Help                    use planning to protect our local waterways.
                                                                                      Citizens can help reduce
                                                                                   stormwater pollution by maintaining
                                                                                   septic systems, keeping livestock               To get involved in the Citizen Water Moni-
                                                                                   out of creeks and rivers, picking up            toring Program, call 707-268-8897, or
                                                                                   pet feces, reducing fertilizer and              email volunteer@humboldtbaykeeper.org.
                                                                                   pesticide use in lawns and gardens,


ECONEWS April/May 2010                                                            www.yournec.org                                                                                                      9
                                                       Go Play Outside: The Kokté Quest                   By Allison Poklemba
                                                                                   Left: The Kokté Quest follows the lowest stretches of the meandering      The result is a beautifully written set of clues and
                                                                                   Jacoby Creek while teaching followers about native and non-native      drawings that lead visitors from spruce grove, to willow
                                                                                   plants and animals along the way. Photo: Allison Poklemba
                                                                                                                                                          thicket, to berry patch, to salmon pool, to creek side
                                                                                                                                                          vista and back again – all within easy access of Old
                                                                                      The Jacoby Creek Land Trust’s                                       Arcata Road.
                                                                                   (JCLT) Kokté Land is an ideal spot for easy riparian                      Interested in additional hands-on activities to do
                                                                                   exploration. To encourage visitors to spend time getting               along the walk? Check out the JCLT’s “Collection
                                                                                   to know the plants, animals, and history of this stretch               of Activities for the Kokté Ranch & Jacoby Creek
                                                                                   of creek, wooded flood plain and pasture, Land Trust                   Watershed” (also available online) for a key to Amazing
                                                                                   staff and student advisory board created “The Kokté                    Aquatic Arthropods, insights into Repairing the
                                                                                   Quest: A Treasure Hike Along the Jacoby Creek.”                        Riparian, and more. y
                                                                                      Quests are place-based “treasure” hunts, often
                                                                                   written in rhyme, leading to a treasure in the                         Allison Poklemba is the CREEC (California
                                                                                   community. They encourage participants of all ages                     Regional Environmental Education Community)
                                                                                   to utilize their senses to experience and celebrate a                  Network’s regional coordinator. To learn more about
                                                                                   community’s rich natural and cultural history, stories,                environmental educational opportunities for youth, visit
                                                                                   and special places.                                                    www.creec.org/region1.
                                                                                      Regional Questing programs are continuing to
                                                                                   develop around the world. The Kokté Quest is the latest
                                                                                   addition to a growing collection of Quests here on the
“Listen to the music of the birds,                                                 North Coast which already includes the Humboldt Bay
Many can be seen or heard:                                                         National Wildlife Refuge and the Arcata Community
The warblers and woodpeckers,
                                                                                                                                                                                Getting There:
                                                                                   Forest.                                                                 From the JCLT headquarters parking lot at 2182
The phoebes and the flickers.                                                         Since Quests share community treasures, often a                      Old Arcata Road in Bayside, stop at the trail-
The tallest snag can be a perch,                                                   community of people work together to create them. In
                                                                                                                                                           head kiosk to pick up a Kokté Quest brochure
For birds to sit, predators to search.                                             this case, a team of high school students joined with
                                                                                                                                                           (or print one beforehand at www.jclandtrust.
In the creek and the field live abundant prey,                                     JCLT staff and topic experts to learn about this unique
                                                                                   ecosystem before beginning the work of weaving words
                                                                                                                                                           org). The walk will take about an hour.
From in the trees, the hawks survey.”                                              together into a poetic hiking tour.
–Exerpted from The Kotké Quest



                                      Hey Kids! Learn About The Aleutian Goose
                                                                                                            By Sarah Marnick


 Did You Know…..the Aleutian
 goose was once thought to be extinct?
                                                                                                                                         Word Puzzle! Find these words (under picture)
                                                                                                                                         on the chart below. Can you tell why they are
    In the 1800’s Russian fur trappers put foxes on                                                                                      about the Aleutian Goose?
 the Aleutian Islands off the coast of Alaska so they
 could grow and breed. They would go back and trap
 the animals for their fur. Well, the foxes took over
                                                                                                                                          Y     R    C    A    S     M      Y R       I        A   H   M   K   L   B
 the islands where the Aleutian geese live and ate the                                                                                    T     Z    O    E    B     E      A G       T        W   A   T   R   W   H
 geese, making the goose almost extinct.
    In 1967 the Aleutian goose was put on the                                                                                             E     E    N    D    A     N      G E       R        E   D   L   F   O   N
 Endangered Species List. Then, a man named Bob
 Jones rowed out to a far away island where the fur                                                                                       W     R    S    S    K     M      N G       R        T   J   W   O   F   W
 trappers did not put foxes, and found a small number
 of Aleutian geese. Everyone was excited at his find.
                                                                                                                                          Y     R    E    T    R     E      D I       S        C   O   V   E   R   A
 No one had seen an Aleutian goose for more than 25                                                                                       T     I    R    U    E     L      A E       L        O   W   T   K   E   Y
 years.
    Since then, their population has recovered and they                                                                                   Z     Z    V    G    S     U      C C       E        S   S   G   W   T   H
 were taken off of the Endangered Species List in 2001.
    They are a migratory species which means they                                                                                         E     Z    A    R    G     A      C G       K        R       N   A   A   Y
 breed and have babies in one place, and they fly far                                         Words To Find                               O     L    T    F    J     L      G N       W        E   B   I   M   W   E
 away to spend winters in a different place. In the case                             CONSERVATION     MIGRATION
 of Aleutians, they spend their winters in Northern                                                                                       R     W    I    W    E     N      B I       I        H   T   T   A   H   R
                                                                                     ENDANGERED       NEST
 California feeding on grass and getting fat for their
 three day flight back to the Aleutian Islands to breed                              FEATHER          REDISCOVER                          E     D    O    T    I     F      F P       L        T   H   N   M   A   O
 and have their babies.                                                              FLYWAY           SUCCESS
    These birds are truly a success story for the
                                                                                                                                          G     A    N    L    E     N        P       D        A   O   U   U   R   L
                                                                                     GOOSE            TRAPPING
 Endangered Species Act. You can see thousands of                                                                                         S     N    S    S    T     J      G A       L        E   R   H   H   V   W
 Aleutian geese right here in Humboldt County. They                                  GOSLING          WATERFOWL
 stop here for our yummy grass.                                                      GRAZE            WING                                O     O    A    A    H     E      R R       I        F   L   Y   W   A   Y
    Did you know that in one day 35 geese can eat as                                 HUNTING          ALEUTIAN
 much as one cow? That’s a lot of eating! y                                                                                               G     A    W    A    L     E      U T       I        A   N   A   Y   L   F


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10                                                                                                      www.yournec.org                                                               April/May 2010 ECONEWS
              15th Annual Godwit Days Celebration
                                                          Godwit Days also offers free field trips for ALL ages to
                                                          Patricks Point State Park, Arcata Marsh, South Jetty,
                                                          Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge, Lanphere
                                                          Dunes, and Stone Lagoon that require preregistration
                                                          but no payment. Children interested in participating
                                                          in the many for-fee field trips and workshops may
                                                          register for most at no charge when accompanied by a
                                                          paying adult.
                                                                            Live Birds of Prey
                                                          Experience a close encounter with owls, hawks, and
                                                          other raptors. Wildlife Images of Oregon will be
                                                          back with injured birds of prey on Saturday (10 a.m.-
                                                          5 p.m.) and Sunday (10 a.m.-3 p.m.). Additionally,
                                                          Avian Ambassadors from the Humboldt Wildlife Care
  Welcome to the 15th Annual Godwit Days!                 Center will be on hand during the Friday night opening
At the Arcata Community Center, April 16-18               reception (5-7 p.m.).                                                         Registration Options
Godwit Days is a 3-day spring migration bird festival                                                                 Registration plans range from a top-of-the-line $80
– operated by the nonprofit Godwit Days                                                                               Value Package – which includes all events except bus
organization – that celebrates the Marbled                                                                                    and boat trips, pre- and post-festival trips,
Godwit and all the birds of the coastal                                                                                       and the banquet – to a one-day $22 Basic
redwoods, bays, marshes, and mudflats on                                                                                      Registration where each event added on carries
California’s Redwood Coast. The Arcata                                                                                        a fee. Student registration is half the Basic rate,
Community Center at 321 Community                                                                                             with some events excluded.
Park Way serves as the departure point                                                                                         Not otherwise registered and want to attend
for nearly all fieldtrips and houses our art                                                                                  a Sunday event? Stop by registration Saturday
show and Bird Fair. Choose from nearly                                                                                        night to sign up for unfilled field trips at
100 field trips, lectures, workshops, and                                                                                     the cost of the trip only (no registration fee
boat excursions. Pre- and post-festival trips                                                                                 required).
can extend your experience from April                                                                                                   Godwit Goodies: Buy & Bid!
15-21. Advance registration is strongly                                                                                       Stop by and look over the goodies on display
recommended! Sign up online at www.                                                                                           in registration as part of the silent auction.
godwitdays.com or call 707-826-7050;                                                                                          Bid on binoculars, outdoor clothing/gear,
toll-free: 1-800-908-WING (9464)                                                                                              wine, artwork, and much more. All auction
Look for the free Godwit Days tabloid,
                                                                                                                              contributors are recognized on signage at the
produced by The Arcata Eye, at the Arcata
                                                                                                                              Community Center. To donate, call 826-7050.
Marsh Interpretive Center and many other
local outlets                                                                                                                 Also in registration will be 2010 Godwit Days
                                                                                                                              T-shirts featuring the poster design by Carol
        Something for Everyone                                                                                                Andersen, baseball caps, visors, and knitted
“Early birds” can catch the dawn chorus at                                                                                    beanies. Discounted merchandise from prior
the Arcata Marsh, while “night owls” can                                                                                      years may be available.
literally look for owls until 10 p.m. Go on a
trip to see as many bird species as possible                                                                                           A Word about Our Sponsors
by bus in a day, or one ones focusing on                                                                                      Staging this festival would not be possible
rare birds like snowy plover and spotted                                                                                      without strong support from local businesses,
owl. Trips range north to Del Norte County,                                                                                   media, government, and nonprofit groups.
south to Ferndale, and inland to Willow                                                                                       Following is an alphabetical list of entities that
Creek and Hoopa. Workshops teach about                                                                                        have donated at least $250 in money, goods,
local insects and mammals, as well as how                                                                                     or services (as of March 8): Arcata Chamber of
                                                                                                                              Commerce, Arcata Eye, Bicoastal Media (KKHB/KGOE),
to identify birds by their sounds. Boat trips                                                                                 Bloomfield Studio, California State Parks (North Coast
on our rivers, lagoons, bays, and ocean                                                                                       Redwood District), City of Arcata, Coast Central Credit
are a highlight, ranging from 1-hour tours                                                                                    Union, Earth Map Photo, Friends of the Arcata Marsh,
of Humboldt Bay, to half-day kayaking or                                                                                      Friends of the Dunes, Green Diamond Resource Co,
rafting trips, to all-day trips on the Pacific.                                                                               Hum-Boats Kayak Adventures, Humboldt Baykeeper, Kayak
You can even bird by bicycle!                                                                                                 Zak’s, KHSU, KIEM News Channel 3, Kokatat, KURY, LBJ
                                                                                                                              Enterprises, Libation, Lost Coast Communications (KHUM/
New offerings for 2010 are a shorebird                                                                                        KSLG/KWPT), Miller Farms Nursery, Murphy’s Market,
spectacle at the Arcata Marsh, a condor                                                                                       Neuroscape Communications, Nikon Sport Optics, North
seminar, a redwood forest ecology field                                                                                       Coast Cooperative Inc, Northcoast Environmental Center,
trip, trips focusing on raptors or West                                                                                       Pacific Gas & Electric, Pierson Building Center, Provolt
Coast specialties, kayak tours of Mad River                                                                                   Design, Quality Inn (Arcata), Redwood National & State
Slough, and a visit to Humboldt Coastal                                                                                       Parks, Redwood Region Audubon Society, Rookery Books,
                                                                                                                              Strictly for the Birds, Tomas Jewelry, Violet-Green Winery,
Nature Center.
                                                                                                                              Wildberries Marketplace. Over 40 additional donors gave
  Just for Kids (& Other Free Events)                                                                                         less than $250.
The Festival offers many free activities of interest to                                                                          Crescent City Festival May 7-9
children, including:                                                        Keynote Lecture                           The free Friday night lecture at Godwit Days will
•Live birds of prey                                       For the past five years, Jeff Bouton has worked as          feature Rick Hiser talking about the evolution of the
•Display of all entries in the 7th Annual Student Bird    product specialist to the birder/naturalists markets        Aleutian Goose Festival into the California Redwood
Art Contest                                               for Leica Sport Optics. He has written many articles        Bird & Nature Festival. See page 18, or visit www.
•Family nature & craft activities on Saturday             on birds/birding, including a column in Wild Bird           caredwoodsbirdfest.org for details.
from 12:30-3:30 p.m. (sponsored by Friends of the         magazine. Jeff has given dozens of workshops and other
Arcata Marsh)                                             presentations over the years. A research biologist and                                             All Photos © Beth Deibert
•A Bird Fair with commercial vendors and information      professional tour leader for over 25 years, he was a
booths from nonprofit groups and government agencies      contributing author for the ABA Bird-finding Guides to
Children are the focus of two field trips and two         Alaska and Florida.
workshops, which have no cost but participants                    Wildlife & Landscapes Art Exhibit
must preregister:                                         A fabulous showcase for local artists’ depictions of
•Kids’ Owl Pellet Dissection Workshop, Friday, 4-5 p.m.   wildlife and landscapes. Creations will be displayed in
•Kids’ Birding Field Trips, Saturday & Sunday,            the main hall on Friday from 5-7 p.m., Saturday 10 a.m.-
9:30-11:30 a.m.                                           5 p.m., and Sunday 10 a.m.-3 p.m.
•Art Workshop for Kids, Saturday, Noon-1 p.m.
                                                                    Student Bird Art Contest Display
                                                          Redwood Region Audubon and Friends of the Arcata
                                                          Marsh have teamed to sponsor a student bird art
                                                          contest at Godwit Days. A total of $500 will be awarded
                                                          to Humboldt Country students in grades K-12. Winners
                                                          will receive awards at a ceremony at 11:30 am on April
                                                          17. Copies of prize-winning artwork will be shown at
                                                          the Arcata Marsh Interpretive Center during May
                                                               Registration & Important Information
                                                          On-site registration hours: Friday, April 16, 3-7 p.m.;
                                                          Saturday, 9 a.m.-7 p.m.; Sunday, 9 a.m.-noon.
                                                          Visit www.godwitdays.com for descriptions of the nearly
                                                          100 field trips, workshops, and lectures and to register.
                                                          There, you will find the cancellation policy, how to
                                                          register children, and instructions to sign up for free
                                                          community sessions.

ECONEWS April/May 2010                                                     www.yournec.org                                                                                             11
                                                                                             A Natural Education                          By Ian Jewett

                                                                           This region of Northern California is special for so                                   program through FOD and lend a hand (literally) by
                                                                        many reasons: plentiful redwoods, seemingly endless                                       removing invasive beach grass and ice plant from native
                                                                        coastal bluffs, salmon runs, and scenic rivers. Unique                                    dune ecosystems. This program allows kids to develop a
                                                                        opportunities to learn about the natural environment                                      personal relationship with environmental stewardship.
Arcata Recycling Changes                                                should be added to this list.
                                                                           Allison Poklemba, coordinator for California
                                                                                                                                                                     Marnin Robbins with California State Parks works to
                                                                                                                                                                  coordinate education programs throughout the North
                          By Allison Poklemba                           Regional Environmental Educational Community                                              Coast, which includes 22 state parks. “We are trying to
    The Arcata Community Recycling Center’s (ACRC)                      (CREEC) on the North Coast, explained, “We have                                           reach audiences who are normally not coming to parks,
9th & N Street drop-off yard will see some big changes                  an amazing collection of environmental education                                          especially kids as they are becoming disconnected from
on April 30.                                                            programs due to the variety of organizations involved,                                    nature,” said Robbins.
    This is the day that ACRC’s contract with the City of               including private nonprofits, educational, and                                               A new and creative initiative links state park rangers
Arcata will come to a close. City funding has supported                 government entities”.                                                                     to classrooms via video conferencing. The PORTS (Parks
the collection of “everyday” recyclables (papers and                       CREEC offers many opportunities for exploration.                                       Online Resources for Teachers and Students) program
containers) at this location since 1994.                                A marsh madness quest is currently posted on the                                          takes students throughout California on a virtual fieldtrip
    Unless additional funding is secured, the recycling                 homepage that provides a creative tour through the                                        of redwood ecology.
dumpsters for mixed papers and containers will be                       wetlands. April events include ‘Get Outside’ day, the                                        “These programs never replace a real field trip, but
removed on the last day of April.                                       Santa Rosa Earth                                                                                                               may be a child’s first
    But this does not mean that ACRC plans to close up                  Day Fair and the                                                                                                               experience [in the
shop. The change will actually provide the Resusables                   California Native                                                                                                              redwoods], especially
Depot Thrift Store with much needed space to expand.                    Plant Society Spring                                                                                                           for inner city kids,” said
Freed up space will allow for a great improvement in the                Wildflower Show in                                                                                                             Robbins.
variety and supply of recycled building materials.                      Manila.                                                                                                                           Although most of
    Other services such as the buy-back for CRV                            Michael Kauffman,                                                                                                           Northern California is
materials will continue. The CHaRM (Center for Hard                     a Fortuna Middle                                                                                                               devoid of the ‘big city’
to Recycle Materials) will continue to serve as the                     School teacher                                                                                                                 vibe, many children
complement to curbside recycling by offering recycling                  takes every                                                                                                                    who live very close to
and safe disposal for items that require special handling               opportunity to get                                                                                                             natural environments
and are not accepted in curbside collection bins.                       his students out                                                                                                               haven’t had the chance
    Accepted items include electronic waste, motor oil                  of the classroom.                                                                                                              to explore or learn
and antifreeze, medical sharps, CFLs, batteries, and                    He recently took                                                                                                               about these living
appliances. Visit www.arcatarecycling.org for a complete                his students on a                                                                                                              ecosystems.
list of materials accepted at the CHaRM.                                field trip with the                                                                                                               The Humboldt
    The City of Arcata chose to terminate their contract                Bureau of Land                                                                                                                 Bay National
with ACRC because residents are now provided with                       Management to the                                                                                                              Wildlife Refuge
convenient and efficient recycling service for paper and                Headwaters forests. Photo: © campimages.com                                                                                    (HBWNR) also offers
containers at their curb.                                                  “It was neat for                                                                                                            outdoor educational
    The segment of the population most affected by                      kids to travel from                                                                                                            opportunities.
this change are those that reside outside the city                      in-town and within ten minutes to be within old growth                                    Guided bird walks leave from the Richard J. Guadagno
limits of Arcata, Blue Lake, or Eureka (which all offer                 redwoods,” he said.                                                                       Headquarters (south of Eureka) the first Wednesday and
curbside recycling service) and who are accustomed to                      Kauffman has also taken classes on overnight trips                                     second Sunday of every month at 9 a.m.
using ACRC’s 9th and N Street drop-off for everyday                     to Wolf Creek Education School and Mendocino                                                 Lanphere Dunes and Ma-le’l Dunes walks take place
recyclables.                                                            Woodlands Camp. “In addition to experiential learning                                     from 10 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. on the first Saturday and
    Residents in this situation are encouraged to call their            the kids get to play outside, which is equally important,”                                fourth Sunday of the month respectively.
service hauler for garbage collection to inquire about                  he said. “Play in nature creates that comfort [with the                                      A “Wetlands and Watersheds” curriculum offered
curbside recycling service – the sphere of which is                     outdoors] that students are losing touch with because of                                  through HBNWR allows students to experience the
continuing to expand – and let them know this service                   structure in school, after school activities, and so forth”.                              wetlands up close March through May. Educators can
is desired.                                                                Opportunities to learn about the environment                                           contact Andrea Harris at andrea_harris @fws.gov for
    Requirements for recycling are being discussed                      aren’t limited to youngsters though. Friends of the                                       more information.
by county officials and waste haulers serving the                       Dunes (FOD) is one organization with something for                                           Want to get involved, either learning or teaching?
unincorporated areas of Humboldt County – residents                     everyone. Anyone who wants to get outside and enjoy                                       CREEC is a great place to start. The website (www.
can contact their County Supervisor’s office to expresses               the sunshine (or fog) on a weekend can take part in a                                     creec.org/region1/) offers a searchable database for
their wishes in regard to recycling.                                    guided tour. These guided walks last about two hours on                                   educational opportunities in the area. One can also
    Paper and containers will continue to be accepted                   the weekends and occur at Humboldt Coastal Nature                                         find a calendar of upcoming events and a newsletter
at the Humboldt Waste Management Authority (1059                        Center, as well as Manila, Ma-le’l, and Lanphere Dunes.                                   containing contests, grants, and workshops occurring
W. Hawthorne St., Eureka) and Humboldt Sanitation                       FOD also gives regular trainings to become a coastal                                      throughout the year.
(2585 Central Ave., McKinleyville). For a complete list                 naturalist and lead walks through the dunes.                                                 There is no such thing as too much knowledge about
of county-wide recycling service options visit www.                        Volunteer opportunities to remove invasive species                                     Mother Nature, but there is such a thing as too little. y
humboldtrecycling.org.                                                  and assist in dune clean-up also occur weekly and are
    Over time, bundled refuse and curbside recycling                    open to the public.                                                                       Ian Jewett is a recent transplant to the North Coast,
service will continue to expand beyond the official                        Student groups participate in an adopt-a-dune                                          hailing from Maryland. A trained biologist, he enjoys
city limits of Arcata, Eureka and Blue Lake. Recology                                                                                                             the outdoors and is currently an ECONEWS intern.
(formerly City Garbage of Eureka) has already expanded                                              Fashions and Home Decor
curbside recycling service into areas surrounding
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12                                                                                       www.yournec.org                                                                                             April/May 2010 ECONEWS
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                                                                                                          Bargains   & Treasures
 It’s a Bunker…It’s a Hobbit House…It’s
  The Humboldt Coastal Nature Center!                      By Maggie Stoudner




                                                                                                                                      Del Norte Dispatch   By Eileen Cooper
                                                                                                                                                       A Golden Turkey Award
                                                                                                                                         If there was a Golden Turkey Award given for
                                                                                                                                     “Worst Environmental Violation by a Public Entity,” Del
                                                                                                                                     Norte County would surely win it this year.
                                                                                                                                        Although it lacked the required Coastal Permits
                                                                                                                                     and had not held any public hearings, Del Norte
                                                                                                                                     County supervisors decided to authorize off-highway
 Artistic rendering of the Humboldt Coastal Nature Center in its completed form. Submitted by Friends of the Dunes
                                                                                                                                     vehicle (OHV) use at Tolawa Dunes State Park and
  If you’ve passed through Manila recently,                             coastal dunes.                                               adjacent public lands.
                                                                                                                                        The county had not consulted with the adjoining
you’ve probably noticed a lot of activity at the dome-                     The new Nature Center will allow FOD to expand
shaped building on the western side of Rt. 255. This                    and develop their programs for the community. The            State Park and Fish and Game jurisdictions when they
structure will soon be transformed into a state of the art              organization offers free weekend guided walks and            authorized this activity within fragile coastal dunes
nature center.                                                          volunteer restoration workdays at various coastal            that have been designated Environmentally Sensitive
   Theories abound about this building’s past, including                properties, field seminars and training programs –           Habitat Area (ESHA).
the airplane hangar of a wealthy Humboldtian, a World                   including an extensive fall Coastal Naturalist Training,        County employees erected signs designating OHV
War II bunker, and a home for small ring-bearing                        family-focused educational events and workshops              use along Pacific Shores Subdivision roads. These
gnomes. In fact, it was once home to Charles and                        and school education programs which include both             county roads lead nowhere except into state-owned
Rachel Stamps, who built the house in 1985, and it is                   classroom and field components.                              dune habitat that abounds with endangered wildlife
now owned by Friends of the Dunes (FOD), a local non-                      Free weekend walks depart from this location, the         and plant communities.
profit dedicated to the conservation of coastal habitats.               Manila Dunes Recreation Area and the Humboldt Bay                The damage could be seen immediately. Peter
   In 2007, FOD purchased the building and 113 acres                    National Wildlife Refuge. The walks cover a variety          Douglas, executive director of the California Coastal
of surrounding property, collectively known as the                      of interesting topics, and each is different. To find        Commission, noted in a recent visit, “It’s going to take a
Humboldt Coastal Nature Center (HCNC).                                  out about a specific walk, check out the ECONEWS             long time to restore the resource damage that was done.”
   Passersby and visitors to the site have seen the                     calendar on page 19, or visit FOD’s website at www.             The signs have now been removed, pending action of
removal of a stand of eucalyptus trees near the building,               friendsofthedunes.org.                                       the California Coastal Commission.
as well as vegetation, sand and thousands of tires being                    “Family Fun Days” is a new offering that provides           Tolowa Dunes contains fragile dune mat that takes
removed from the roof.                                                  families with an opportunity to explore coastal habitats     hundreds of years to develop and can be destroyed
   The invasive eucalyptus trees will be replaced by                    through games and activities for all ages. Also new is       instantly by careless riding. It is home to endangered
native beach pine or Sitka spruce. The tires, used to                   the Trailkeepers program, a group of volunteers who          plants that grow nowhere else. Delicate violets support
hold sand in place atop the earth sheltered building, will              provide FOD with eyes and ears to ensure that the trails     the largest recovery population of the endangered
be recycled into tire-derived products. Removing the                    are maintained, safe and accessible.                         Oregon silverspot butterfly, and brown pelicans like to
tires allows for repairs to the roof and the installation of               School programs offered in the fall and spring            rest at the Tolowa lagoon estuary.
a new waterproofing system that will be virtually leak-                 include classroom presentations and hands-on field trip          Del Norte County spent about $30,000 on the OHV
proof, and much more compatible with plans to install                   experiences in coastal habitats. FOD uses community          signs and on clearing and regrading unused portions
an earth-sheltered green roof of native plants.                         volunteers to lead these programs, including trained         of the Pacific Shores road system. This too was done
                                                                        walk leaders, classroom presenters and field trip guides.    without Coastal Permits, although a previous Coastal
                       The HCNC and You                                                                                              Grading Violation is on record for the county because of
                                                                           Training for volunteers and paid interns (yes, FOD
   Although the area immediately around the building                    offers paid environmental education internships!)            the same activity about five years ago.
is closed to visitors while under construction, the                     who would like to lead school field trips is happening          The roadwork entailed clearing fairly large rare
Wildberries Trail, made possible by a generous donation                 now—check out the ECONEWS calendar for training              shore pines from the roadside. The resurfacing
from (you guessed it) Wildberries Marketplace, remains                  dates and times.                                             was accomplished by pushing aside large volumes
open during daylight hours. The trail head has been                        Volunteers are needed to help restore the                 of accumulated trash, including illegally dumped
relocated from its original place in front of the building              property, assist with landscape plantings, become a          appliances, and partially burying this trash into the
to the north end of a temporary parking area.                           Trailkeeper and more.                                        wetlands running alongside the road.
   While under construction, the structure itself is off-                  For more information about the Humboldt Coastal              Now the waters of Tolowa Dunes run copper. All
limits, but once open, the Nature Center will serve a                   Nature Center project and Friends of the Dunes’ many         agencies including the US Army Corps and the Water
multitude of purposes. LEED-certified and designed to                   program offerings and volunteer opportunities, visit         Quality Control Board have been notified.
incorporate green building principles, the Center will                  their website at www.friendsofthedunes.org. y                   “This is the most egregious violation by a local
include an exhibit space that easily transforms into a                                                                               jurisdiction that I’ve ever seen in the history of the
lecture hall/classroom, a visitor services desk and a small                                                                          Coastal Commission,” said Douglas.
                                                                        Maggie Stoudnour is the Education Program Manager
gift shop, a resource library and meeting space, public
restrooms and workspace for FOD staff and volunteers.
                                                                        at Friends of the Dunes.  She first came to the area eight                    Airport Coastal Hearing
                                                                        years ago to attend the Environment and Community                The Friends of Del Norte/Coastal Commission
   Construction is taking a phased approach, with the
                                                                        Master’s program at HSU and loved it here so much,           appeal of the Del Norte County Airport will be reviewed
exhibit room and restrooms slated to open in the fall,
                                                                        she stayed. She enjoys spending time outdoors with her       at the upcoming California Coastal Commission
and the rest early next year. Surrounding the building
                                                                        husband, one-year-old son and two dogs.                      agenda for April. Hopefully, the Coastal Commission
is a trail system that links to over 1,000 acres of
                                                                                                                                     will uphold protection of the rare shore pine forest and
                                                                                                                                     numerous wetlands that are considered ESHA.
                                                                                                                                        New airport designs have been drafted, as a response
                                                                                                                                     to Coastal Commission staff and Friends of Del Norte
                                                                                                                                     suggestions. A Friends of Del Norte representative will
                                                                                                                                     attend to circumvent any possible last minute mischief.

                                                    • Eel River Dam Removal Now!                                                                 Pacific Shores Finally Resolved
                                                                                                                                        On a note of celebration, the infamous Pacific
                                                    • Expand Community Forests                                                       Shores Water District, a district that for over 25 years
                                                    • Rails-to-Trails Projects Now!                                                  collected several million in tax dollars but was unable
                                                                                                                                     to provide any service (See Feb/March ECONEWS), is
                                                    • Promote Alternative Energy                                                     finally declared dissolved by the Court. 
                                                                                                                                        No longer will tax dollars be illegitimately spent to
                                                    • Implement Ocean Conservation &                                                 petition for the draining of Lake Earl Coastal Lagoon. 
                                                      Expand Sustainable Fisheries                                                      But, it’s not over till it’s over.  The judge’s decision is
                                                                                                                                     being appealed by plaintiff, Janice Wilson, a placeholder
                                                    • Foster Rural Development that                                                  for the water district. y
                                                      Maintains Healthy Watersheds,
                                                      Forests, and Farmland
                                                                                                                                                   BRANT ELECTRIC  Calif. License #406330
                                             PO Box 1102                                                                                                  COMMERCIAL/RESIDENTIAL/INDUSTRIAL
                                             Blue Lake, CA 95525                                                                                            NEW CONSTRUCTION/REMODELS
                                             839-4987                                           Paid for by Pat Higgins for
                                                                                                Supervisor 2010 • FPPC # 1324023                                 (707)822-3256

ECONEWS April/May 2010                                                                        www.yournec.org                                                                                  13
                     Humboldt Cows Easily Meet Tighter Organic Standards
                                                                                  By Sarah O’Leary

   New stricter federal regulations for organic dairy and         In addition to the benefits to consumers and local
beef farmers take effect in June and could prove to be a      dairy farmers, the pasture requirement will benefit
boon to Humboldt County.                                      the environment by reducing water-quality impacts.
   The new rules clarify the amount of time that              This is because CAFOs (Concentrated Animal Feed
organically raised livestock must be pastured and what        Operations) previously unregulated due to agricultural
percentage of their diet is allowed to be grain. The          waivers, will have to comply with the new standards.
updated standards also apply to beef cattle.                  The manures and fertilizers used by these operations
   Some larger organic farms have benefitted from the         cause surface water pollution, which in turn causes
looser language of the previous standards, which only         algal blooms and groundwater contamination.
specified that cows should have access to pasture, but            Alexandre said that the new standards will only
not how long. These large-scale producers only put            give local organic dairy farmers a competitive edge,
their cows out to pasture during short periods when the       however, if the Humboldt Creamery markets it that
animals are not giving milk and often feed them almost        way. But, since the Creamery is no longer a cooperative
exclusively on grain.                                         of farmers it is unknown how the new owner, Foster
   “Most Humboldt County farms already follow                 Farms, will promote Humboldt Creamery organic dairy
these [new] guidelines,” said Blake Alexandre, a dairy        products.
farmer based in Crescent City who also farms in                   But Alexandre believes the updated USDA rules give
Ferndale. “These rules are certainly going to work to our     local farmers the ability to have a new and improved
advantage and set us apart from the crowd.”                   marketing campaign for their milk. “I’m going to use         New USDA rules requiring more pasture time won’t faze Humboldt’s
   Jim Regli, a Ferndale dairy farmer, agreed, “It’s          it as a tool to market our milk and hopefully develop        already happy cows.

great for my operation because we’ve already been in          something that evolves into more value for our milk          produced by animals that are not factory farmed.
compliance anyway,” he said.                                  with or without the Creamery,” he said. “I certainly            “We are delighted by the new rules,” said Mark Kastel
   “I don’t know any place else that can grow as much         would like to work with Foster Farms, but I’m not going      of Wisconsin-based Cornucopia Institute, a watchdog
grass year round.” Alexandre added.                           to let them hold me back.”                                   group that aims to assure the credibility of organic
   Alexandre worked with small organic dairy farmers              Although most local dairy farmers already meet           farming methods and the food it produces.
across the nation for the past ten years to get the more      the new standards – our climate provides 6-8 months             “Cheap organic milk flowing from the illegitimate
stringent federal regulations passed.                         of unencumbered excellent grazing, according to              factory farms has created a surplus that is crushing
   The main components of the new rules include the           Alexandre – they will have to make a few minor               ethical family farm producers.,” Kastel added.
requirement that animals must graze pasture during            adjustments to their practices. Farmers will be required        Alexandre is excited about the economic possibilities
the grazing season, which must be at least 120 days per       to use organic straw as bedding for example, and submit      for Humboldt County.
year, and obtain a minimum of 30 percent of their food        some additional documentation. But both farmers said            “This is an opportunity for us to market more of a
intake pasture grazing.                                       that these will be easy requirements to fill.                niche product,” he said. “Our dream at our dairy is to
   Producers must also manage their pasture as a crop             The new rules are a welcome change for consumers         market 100 percent grass-fed milk, just like we currently
to meet the feed requirements for grazing animals and         who can now be more confident that the organic dairy         do with beef. We believe there is a nutritional advantage
to protect soil and water quality.                            products they consume are actually made from milk            to that.” y



Life Form Of The Month
           The California Butterclam: Ranging Into Northern Waters
                                                                                 By Wendell Wood
   The California Butterclam, Saxidomus nuttalli,            City during a 2009-2010 dredging of the Crescent City        of Natural History Collections and Research Online
commonly lives buried at least a foot or more in mud         boat harbor.                                                 Databases at http://www.sbcollections.org/
or sand, in the low intertidal zone of bays, as well as in      Saxidomus nuttalli shells and other mollusk species          The Saxidomus nuttalli shells collected ranged in size
sandy areas near rocks on the outer coast.                   shells, mostly partially broken, were found at a small       from 3.5 inches to 5 inches across. Saxidomus nuttalli
   The range of this native butterclam extends from Punta    dredge pond on the northwest end of the Crescent City        lives 10 to 15 years or more, has a shell up to six inches
Rompiente, Baja California, north to Humboldt Bay.           Harbor, as well as at the principal beach, and the dredge    long, and can grow to be about 1/2 inch longer than the
However, it has now been observed in Del Norte County        disposal site at the southeastern end of the harbor at       maximum size of their so-called “giganteus” cousins
as well.                                                     the end of Anchor Way (road) next to Whaler Island.          (about 5 1/2 inches).
   Recently while “delving through the                                                                                                     The fossil record shows the California
dredges” at the Crescent City Harbor, I                                                                                                 Butterclam has been around a long time,
discovered several shells of the species,                                                                                               dated in California from as early as the
60 miles direct distance – as a crow flies                                                                                              middle Miocene.
– north of the previously recognized                                                                                                       The California Butterclam is reported
northernmost range at Humboldt Bay.                                                                                                     to make a very tasty dish, and is one of the
   This clam species is also known as the                                                                                               more important edible clams occurring
“Washington Clam.” However, the often                                                                                                   primarily in sheltered waters north of
shared common name “Washington                                                                                                          Morro Bay.
Clam” is better applied to a related, but                                                                                                  Remarkably, the first shell I ever
different species: Saxidomus gigantea.                                                                                                  collected of this species was retrieved for
This is the only species of the two that                                                                                                me from the bottom of Morro Bay by a
actually does occur in Washington                                                                                                       local area sea otter! As the otter finished its
State, ranging from central California to                                                                                               clam meal, an alert western gull snatched
Alaska.                                                                                                                                 the shell right as the otter released it,
   Both species are sometimes also                                                                                                      before the shell could sink back into the
known as the “Money Clam” (or Koo’-                                                                                                     bay.
tah), because it was once used by the                                                                                                      The gull then flew up to an adjacent
Coastal Miwoks (Olamentko group of                                                                                                      boat dock (near where I was standing),
Bodega Bay) for this purpose.                                                                                                           removing a few bits of remaining fleshy
   In Latin, the name “Saxidomus”                                                                                                       morsels before accommodatingly providing
means “stone house”, and “nuttalli” is in                                                                        Photo: Wendell Wood
                                                                                                                                        me with the shell refuse.
honor of Thomas Nuttall – an English                                                                                                       Now that’s what I call getting included in
botanist and zoologist who made one of the earliest            The identification of four voucher specimens was           a symbiotic relationship! y
inventories of local shellfish species when he passed        confirmed (and distinguished from also collected
through California and the Pacific Northwest between         Saxidomus gigantea shells from the same location) by
                                                                                                                          Wendell Wood was one of the first volunteer staffers of
1834 and 1835.                                               Paul Valentich-Scott, Curator of Malacology, at the
                                                                                                                          the Northcoast Environmental Center, and also initiated
   Several fresh shells of both Saxidomus species, some      Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History.
                                                                                                                          the first Arcata Recycling Center. A “life” member of
with bits of flesh still attached, were found at Crescent      These voucher shells, provided to the museum in
                                                                                                                          NEC, Wendell presently lives in Crescent City, Calif.
                                                             February, were entered in the Santa Barbara Museum


 Robert Berg, D.D.S. Dandelion Herbal Center
                                                                       Herbal Classes &
                                                                    Travel Adventures with
                                                                        Jane Bothwell
                                                                     and Visiting Teachers

                                                              janeb@arcatanet.com • www.dandelionherb.com
 212 J Street Eureka, CA 95501 707-445-0784                       707-442-8157 • Box 4440, Arcata, CA 95518

14                                                                             www.yournec.org                                                        April/May 2010 ECONEWS
                          Eco-Mania
                                                                                                                                WOE IS US: In a new study by the U.S. Geological
                                                                                                                             Survey, every single fish tested from 291 freshwater
                                                                                                                             streams across the United States was found to be
                        A monthly melange of                                                                                 contaminated with mercury.
                                                                                                                                Mercury is a potent neurotoxin that mainly enters the
                           salient sillies....                                                                               environment from burning coal for electricity. It builds
                                                                                                                             up in the food chain at ever higher concentrations and
                                                                                                                             is especially damaging to developing nervous systems of
                                                                                                                             fetuses and children.
   A BARGAIN? Potential buyers got a break when                                                                                 Researchers tested the water, sediment and fish of the
NASA cut the price of the space shuttles it is selling off                                                                   291 streams between 1998 and 2005. Fish tested were
from $42 million to less than $29 million.                                                                                   mostly larger species near the top of the food chain,
   One shuttle, Discovery, has been promised to the                                                                          such as largemouth bass.
Smithsonian, but Atlantis and Endeavor are still up
for grabs.                                                                                                                                              ❂
                                                                                                                                SEXY PLANTS: Overturning conventional wisdom,
                                                                                                                             scientists have reported discovering the female sex
                                                                                                                             hormone progesterone in a plant.
                                                                                                                                Until now, it was thought that only animals could
                                                                                                                             make progesterone, a hormone secreted by the ovaries
                                                                                                                             that prepares the uterus for pregnancy. Researchers
                                                                SOMETHING TO CROW ABOUT: Wild crows can                      speculate that the hormone, like other steroid
                                                             recognize individual human faces and hold a grudge for          hormones, might be an ancient bioregulator that
                                                             years against people who have treated them badly.               evolved billions of years ago, before the appearance of
                                                                That’s the result of a University of Washington study        modern plants and animals.
                                                             which had researchers donning caveman masks and                    Using nuclear magnetic resonance and mass
                                                             then capturing and banding the crows. If someone                spectroscopy, scientists detected progesterone in leaves
                                                             later approached the birds wearing the same mask,               of the common walnut tree and also identified five new,
                                                             they would be loudly scolded. But if the same person            progesterone-related steroids in a plant belonging to the
                                                             approached wearing a mask of Dick Cheney – which                buttercup family.
                                                             no one had worn during the bird banding – the birds
                                                             would ignore him.
                                                                What’s more, the crows’ antipathy to the caveman
                                                             mask has lasted more than three years, even though
                                                             they have had no further bad experiences with people
                                                             wearing it.

   FLYING FISH: Hundreds of small white fish, many                                        ❂
still alive, recently fell over two days on a town more
than 300 miles from any river in Australia’s Northern           ATTENTION, POPEYE: The fluorescent lighting in
Territory.                                                   supermarkets actually can boost the nutritional value
   Weather experts believe the fish, spangled perch,         of fresh spinach and perhaps other veggies, according
were sucked up in a thunderstorm before being dumped         to chemists.
over the tiny town of Lajamanu. It was the third time in        They exposed fresh spinach leaves to continuous light
less than 30 years that the town has been bombarded by       or darkness during simulated retail storage conditions
falling fish.                                                for three to nine days. Spinach stored in light for as little
                                                             as three days had significantly higher levels of vitamins
                                                             C, K, E and folate. In contrast, spinach leaves stored
                            ❂                                under continuous darkness tended to have declining or
   NO LEGAL EAGLES: Swiss voters have decisively             unchanged levels of nutrients.
rejected a proposal that would have allowed animals to
be represented in court by state-funded lawyers.
   Critics argued that animals enjoy sufficient
protection already, citing as example rules that
parakeets can’t be caged alone, gerbils are entitled to
more than 1,500 square centimeters of space and that it
will soon be illegal to tie horses up in stalls.                                                                                PET LAUNDRY: Pet owners in Japan are washing
   Plans also are afoot to extend Europe’s welfare laws to                                                                   their dogs and cats in specially designed vending
crabs and lobsters.                                                                                                          machines to save money.
                                                                                                                                At Joyful Honda in the Tokyo suburbs, a machine
                            ❂                                                                                                washes and blow-dries dogs and cats for the equivalent
                                                                                                                             of just $5.75. Pet stylists usually charge more than $30.
    ETERNAL CELL PHONES: Your cell phone may
never again run out of juice while you’re on the go, says
Nokia of Finland, which just filed a patent for a handset                                                                                               ❂
that recharges itself by harvesting energy from the                                                                             WEB SEARCH: By the end of 2008, more than 1.4
owner’s motion.                                                                                                              billion people on the planet were on the Internet,
    As the user walks, or otherwise moves the phone, the                                                                     according to a U.N. study.
motion generates electricity. This charges a capacitor,
which in turn trickles a charge into the battery, keeping
it topped up.


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ECONEWS April/May 2010                                                          www.yournec.org                                                                                    15
                                                        CNPS HAPPENINGS
                                  News and Events from the North Coast Chapter of the California Native Plant Society

Beginners and experts, non-members and members are               lily, redmaids, candyflower, and bleeding heart. From 101       the Dunes, present displays on topics including edible
                                                                                                                                                                                                 !
all welcome at our programs and on our outings. Most             at south end of Fortuna, exit Kenmar Dr., go left under         plants, plants in the dunes, plants in the redwood forest,
events are free, all are made possible by volunteer effort.      101, right on Eel River Drive, left on Drake Hill Rd, right     local insects, invasive plants, rare plants, and sudden
                      EVENING PROGRAMS                           on Rohnerville Rd, and 1.7 miles to Puddin Lane at the          oak death. Presentations on native plant gardening,
Refreshments at 7 p.m.; program at 7:30 at the Six Rivers        bottom of a gulch. Follow signs to Shapeero. The ground         invasive weeds, lupines, wild medicinal plants, and
Masonic Lodge, 251 Bayside Road, near 7th and Union, Arcata.     may be damp. 768-3287 or 822-2015.                              Native American culture, as well as guided walks in
April 14, Wednesday, “Our Coastal Grassland Treasures.”          May 23, Sunday, Azalea Reserve Plant walk. 1-3 p.m.             the neighboring dunes to look at dune vegetation,
Bureau of Land Management botanist and range                     with Pete Haggard. See many native plants that are              flowers, and pollinators. Friday evening artists gather
conservationist Jennifer Wheeler will share the historical       recommended for gardens, including the native azalea,           to draw and paint flowers. See the schedule at www.
and modern plight of grasslands on the North Coast. What         which should be blooming. Take North Bank Road off              northcoastcnps.org. Information: 822-7190; 822-2015.
defines coastal grasslands, where they are, why and how          101 just north of the Mad River, turn left on Azalea Dr.,       Saturday & Sunday, Native Plant Sale. 10 a.m. - 4 p.m.
fast they disappear, and how small restoration projects          then left into the parking lot. Pete Haggard 839-0307.          Hundreds of native shrubs, trees, perennials, ferns, bulbs,
could make a big impact. She will share her experiences and      May 28-31, Friday-Monday, Mendocino Field Trip.                 and annuals will be for sale during the Annual Spring
passion with modern methods of enhancing and restoring           Stay for all or come for part. Explore many of                  Wildflower Show. Experienced gardeners will help you
native perennial grass populations.                              Mendocino’s favorite botanical sites, including the             choose which to take to your own yard.
May 12, Wednesday ,“Hiking the South Fork Trinity River.”        Pygmy Forest and the Mendocino Botanical Garden.                Teachers wishing to bring students to the show should
Artist, photographer, woodworker, and naturalist Rick            Overnight in campgrounds or motels; short day hikes             contact Judie Snyder immediately 707-826-7735;
Tolley has documented many faces of this popular trail. He       in the Fort Bragg-Mendocino area. Tell Carol you are            snyderj1@suddenlink.net. A schedule of four lessons,
will share wildflowers, vistas, and adventures from 20 years     interested, 822-2015.                                           including a dune walk, will be offered.
of hikes. Indian warrior, dogwood, blazing star, fawn lily,      June 13, Sunday, Blooms and Bugs at Mad River Beach.            You can help this festive event! We have small and big
trillium, scarlet larkspur, Indian pink, Indian paintbrush,      1-3 p.m. Guided walk with Pete Haggard to see blooming          jobs, indoor and outdoor jobs, public and behind-the-
and brodiaeas are some of the treats he will show us.            beach buckwheat, seaside daisy, sand verbena, and others        scene jobs. Most jobs require no botanical knowledge.
                FIELD TRIPS AND PLANT WALKS                      where the sand meets the firmer, damper soil of the             To volunteer call 822-2015 or 822-7190.
April 11, Sunday, Humboldt Redwoods Day Hike.                    willowy, rushy swale. Easy walking. Meet at the beach           May 8, Saturday, Save The Dunes From Annual Grasses.
Several short trails in Humboldt Redwoods State Park             parking lot at the very end of Mad River Rd. 839-0208.          A work party and educational dune exploration. 9 a.m.-1 p.m.
should find milkmaids, western trillium, and, hopefully,         Watch for new additions on our Web site (www.                   Having saved the foredunes from European beach grass,
fawn lilies, as well as other early bloomers under the           northcoastcnps.org) or sign up for e-mail announcements         dune managers are now focusing on annual grasses, which
magnificent redwoods. Meet at 8:30 a.m. at Pacific               Northcoast_CNPS-subscribe@yahoogroups.com.                      also can convert colorful dune mat to solid grass. This is
Union School, 9 a.m. at the McDonalds end of Bayshore            Everyone is welcome. No botanical knowledge required.           your chance to help, while exploring the Ma-Le’l Dunes,
Mall parking lot, or arrange another place. Dress for the                           OTHER ACTIVITIES                             an area not yet open to the public, among blooming beach
weather. Bring lunch and water. Return late afternoon.           April 17, Saturday, English Ivy Bash at Patrick’s               pea, sand-verbena, dune gilia, Humboldt Bay wallflower,
Please tell Carol you are coming 822-2015.                       Point State Park. 8:30 a.m. - 1 p.m., includes lunch.           beach layia, beach strawberry, and more. Learn to identify
April 24, Saturday, Ferns In and Around the Dunes.               In honor of Earth Day CNPS is supporting State Parks            dune annuals and perennials, as well as at least four species
10 a.m. -12 noon, with Carol Ralph. Meet eight species           in tackling the invasive English ivy on Ceremonial Rock.        of non-native, annual grasses. Refuge staff will describe
of fern and learn about their morphology, reproduction           Bring gloves if you have them. Volunteers will receive a free   the dune restoration project. The work will be pulling
and identification on a walk along the Lanphere Dunes            day pass at entrance gate. Take the first left after leaving    these small grasses from the sand, to the music of the surf.
entrance road. Bring a hand lens. Meet at Pacific Union          the entrance station, then take your second left into the       Dress for the weather, especially wind, and wear good
School and carpool to the protected site. Co-sponsored           Beach Creek Group Camp. Additional parking directly             walking shoes. Bring at least a quart of water, a lunch, and
by CNPS and Friends of the Dunes. Please register by             across from the Beach Creek Group Camp entrance at the          gardening gloves if you have them. Cookies provided.
calling 444-1397 or contact denise@friendsofthedunes.org         Campfire Center. 677-3109, 443-204-2411, or 822-2015.           Meet at 9 a.m. sharp at the Ma-Le’l North Parking Lot:
April 25, Sunday, Flowers in a Fir Forest. 1-3 p.m. An           April 30, May 1 & 2, Friday, Saturday & Sunday,                 Take State Route 255 from Eureka or Arcata. North of
easy plant walk near Hydesville, hosted by landowners Bill       27th Annual Spring Wildflower Show!                             Manila, just west of the bridge and lumber mill, turn west
and Linda Shapeero. A grand fir forest, stream, pasture,         At the Manila Community Center, admission is free.              onto Young Lane. Turn right at the T and go north to the
and pond offer a rich assortment of flowering herbaceous         CNPS presents hundreds of wildflowers, both native and          end of the road, through 2 gates that will be unlocked for
plants, including two trilliums, two fairy bells, two violets,   non-native, from seashore to mountains, labeled and             us. Information and to say you’re coming: 443-204-2411;
skunk cabbage, delphinium, inside-out-flower, checker            displayed by family. Other groups, including Friends of         sklein@streamlineplanning.net; or 822-2015. y



                                                                 NORTH GROUP NEWS
                                       A List of Events & Conservation Updates From the North Group Redwood Chapter Sierra Club


Camper Applications & Donors Sought                               (From left) Dr. Rayburn,                                       come at 7 for business meeting. Adorni Center, Eureka.
Monday, May 17 is the deadline for applications to attend
                                                                 Lucille Vinyard, and Don                                        Info: Gregg (707) 826-3740.
                                                                 Reesor of the National
two overnight nature camps at the Wolf Creek Education           Park Service at dedica-                                         Saturday, April 24 – Table Bluff/Mouth of Eel.
Center in Redwood National and State Parks, Orick. The           tion of the RNP visitor                                         9 miles, medium difficulty. Hike begins below Table
Towering Trees & Tidepools camp this July 11-16 is intended      center south of Orick,                                          Bluff; follows beach south 4.5 miles. Return route
                                                                 6/7/85.]
for children in grades 4 and 5, while the Redwoods Field                                                                         varies along dunes and McNulty Slough and North Bay.
Study from August 1-6 is aimed at grades 6-8. Details on                                                                         Meet 9 a.m. Herrick Park & Ride or 9:30 a.m. at beach
                                                                 a fierce advocate for                                           below Table Bluff. Leader Xandra (707) 441-0702. Rain/
the curriculum for each session are available at the Oregon
                                                                 wilderness. A San                                               tsunami warning cancels.
Museum of Science & Industry website (www.omsi.edu).
                                                                 Francisco resident,                                             Saturday, May 8 – Headwaters Forest, Eureka. [See
North Group hopes to support a total of four students
                                                                 he spearheaded                                                  April 10 description.]
living in Humboldt, Del Norte, and Trinity Counties, two
                                                                 expansion of Mt
at each camp. Applications can be obtained by calling (707)                                                                      Sunday, May 9 – Clam Beach/Mouth of Mad River.
                                                                 Tamalpais State
442-5444 or e-mailing sueleskiw@suddenlink.net. Past                                                                             7 miles, medium difficulty. Walk south along Clam
                                                                 Park, establishment
camp scholarship recipients are not eligible. Contributions                                                                      Beach to mouth of Mad; return by Hammond Trail.
                                                                 of Point Reyes
to underwrite the $555 per child tuition should be sent to                                                                       Leashed dogs welcome. Two shallow stream crossings.
                                                                 National Seashore,
Environmental Education Fund, c/o North Group Sierra                                                                             Meet 1 p.m. northernmost paved Clam Beach lot.
                                                                 and formation
Club, PO Box 238, Arcata CA 95518.                                                                                               Leader Bill (707) 839-5971. Rain cancels.
                                                                 of Golden Gate
Community Involvement                                            National Recreation Area – amounting to 200,000 acres           Tuesday, May 11 – Executive Committee Meeting.
•NG is tabling at PlanIt Green’s Building Green                  of open space near the city. He also was involved in the        [See April 13 description.]
Communities IV: Local Self Reliance Conference & Expo            decades-long struggle to found, and later expand, Redwood       Saturday, May 15 – Fay Slough Wildlife Area Parent
April 3 at Arcata Community Center. (see p. 18)                  National Park.                                                  & Child Walk. Bring your child(ren) to walk 1.5 miles
•NG urges bicyclists to participate in Green Wheels                                  Meetings & Outings                          on level state Fish & Game wetlands trail. Jogging
Future Sea Level Rise Awareness Day April 10. Event              Saurday, April 10 - Headwaters Forest, Eureka. 11               strollers OK. Optional extra 0.5-mile loop. Meet at
starts on the Arcata Plaza at 3:30 p.m. Speakers, street         miles, medium difficulty, more than 500-foot elevation          trailhead 9:30 a.m. Exit Hwy 101 at Harper Ford,
theater, costume contest, Tour d’Arcata bike ride, Samba         change. Level for 3 miles, last 2 miles steep climb and         immediate left onto gravel road into parking lot. Bring
dancing. www.green-wheels.org.                                   loop through old-growth. Return along same route.               snacks, water; wear sturdy shoes. Leader Allison (707)
•NG donated to the silent auction at Godwit Days                 Meet 9 a.m. Herrick Park & Ride or 9:30 am at trailhead,        268-8767. Rain cancels.
Spring Migration Bird Festival, to be held at the Arcata         end of Elk River Rd. Leashed dogs OK. Leader Xandra             Wednesday, May 19 – Six Rivers National Forest
Community Center April 16-18. See page 11.                       (707) 441-0702.                                                 South Fork Trail. 8 miles, medium difficulty. From
•NG is co-sponsoring a Healthy Humboldt Coalition                                                                                trailhead southwest of Salyer, hike through mixed
                                                                 Sunday, April 11 – Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park,
Forum in early May focusing on the Humboldt County                                                                               forest, eastern slope of river gorge, descending after 4
                                                                 Trillium/Lost Man Trails. 10 miles, medium difficulty.
General Plan. See www.healthyhumboldt.org.                                                                                       miles to riverside grotto. An all-day adventure; must
                                                                 Hike goes past mossy waterfall and blooming trillium,
•NG continues to support the Humboldt County                                                                                     advance register with leader Melinda (707) 668-4275 or
                                                                 continues up Lost Man Creek through old-growth
Sheriff Department’s application for grant funding                                                                               mgroomster@gmail.com.
                                                                 redwoods and maples. Meet 11 a.m. at Elk Meadows
to underwrite law enforcement on our beaches.                                                                                    Saturday, May 29 – Centerville Beach/Mouth of Eel.
                                                                 Day Use Area, end of paved part Davison Road or
Recognizing Ed Wayburn                                           carpool 10 a.m. from McKinleyville Safeway. Leader Bill         11 miles, medium difficulty. From Centerville Beach
North Group founder Lucille Vinyard asked that we remark         (707) 839-5971. Rain cancels.                                   parking area, follow beach north between dunes and tide
on the passing of Dr. Edgar Wayburn, MD, who died March          Tuesday, April 13 – Executive Committee Meeting.                line. Return route along Salt River. Meet 9 am Herrick
5 at age 103. Wayburn, a 5-term Sierra Club president, was       Join discussion of local conservation issues 8-9 p.m., or       Park & Ride or 9:45 a.m. at beach. Leader Xandra (707)
                                                                                                                                 441-0702. Rain/tsunami warning cancels. y

16                                                                                      www.yournec.org                                                  FebruaryMarch           ECONEWS
                                                    The Good News Page
                      Candlefish Gets A Chance
                                                                              Federal protection was extended in
                                                                           March for the Pacific Smelt, also known
                                                                           as candlefish.
                                                                              The 6-8 inch fish, which was traditionally
                                                                           caught and eaten by American Indians using
                                                                           dip nets, is at risk from climate change and
                                                                           diminished water flows in the Pacific Northwest.
   Candlefish, so named because its high body fat content during spawning allowed it to be dried, strung on a wick
and burned, were once plentiful in the Klamath River. Yurok Indians dried the fish to eat over the winter months.
Sport fishermen often fried the oily fish and ate them whole.                                                                       No Credit For Clear-Cutters
   A scientific review team with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) determined that
the smelt is declining throughout its range. Further declines are expected as climate change affects the availability                  Responding to public outcry and a formal legal
of the smelt’s food sources and spring river flows critical to successful spawning.                                                 analysis submitted by the Center for Biological
   In addition to the threats from a changing climate, the Pacific smelt are threatened by shrimp fisheries, predation              Diversity, The California Air Resources Board has voted
from birds, seals and sea lions, and lower water flows in the Klamath and Columbia river basins.                                    to withdraw the “Forest Project Protocol.”
   NOAA said it would list the fish, officially known as the “euchalon,” as threatened under the Endangered                            The policy would have allowed logging companies to
Species Act. y                                                                                                                      earn valuable carbon credits for forest clear-cutting and
                                                                                                                                    other destructive practices.
                                                                                                                                       Not only did the board vote to withdraw the policy, it
                                                                                                                                    also committed to a review of environmental impacts to

        Giant Seed Vault May Avert Future Food Crises                                                                               forests and the climate.
                                                                                                                                       In September, the Air Resources Board adopted a
                                                                                                                                    version of the protocol that would grant carbon credits
   An enormous vault, built into a Norwegian mountain              as wheat and                                                     to damaging forest-management projects – a first
near the North Pole, contains more than half a million             maize. The vault                                                 step toward allowing forest landowners to accumulate
diverse seed species.                                              is intended to                                                   credits for the CO2 stored in trees and forest products.
   The vault, which has been billed as “the final defense          serve as the last                                                   Polluters would have been able to buy those credits
for agriculture in the face of growing populations, a              repository for                                                   instead of reducing their own greenhouse gas emissions
changing climate and rising threats to food security”              such seeds and the                                               under AB 32, California’s global warming law.
now houses the world’s most diverse collection of crops.           ultimate resource                                                   “We commend the Air Resources Board for its
   The most recent addition is a wild strawberry species           if disaster strikes                                              commitment to addressing the critical environmental
carefully collected from a remote Russian archipelago.             local seed banks.                                                questions related to forest carbon credits,” said Brian
   Climate change is expected to have negative impacts             Unlike other                                                     Nowicki, California climate policy director at the
on agriculture, and saving seeds that have traits to cope          such banks, daily                                                Center for Biological Diversity.
with these challenges is a first defense. Since wild plants        transactions do not occur.                                          “It’s crucial that the state not give incentives to
show greater adaptability and genetic diversity, these                 Since the vault is built into Arctic permafrost, it is       business-as-usual clear-cutting and other destructive
seeds are being collected for preservation.                        expected to remain frozen for centuries. Additionally            logging practices that hurt our forests and do nothing
   Scientists are making great efforts to locate and               the remote location is hoped to keep it safe from                to address the immediate impacts of climate change,”
collect the wild forefathers of domestic crops such                political and geological threats. y                              he added. y




                                                         ARCATA
             Ramone’s                         Wildberries Market
                                                       826-1088
             Bakery & Cafe                               EUREKA
                                              2223 Harrison Ave.
   Freshly Roasted Coffee                              442-1336
   Espresso • Breakfast Pastries                    209 E Street
   Sandwiches, Soups & Salads                          445-2923
   Wedding & Specialty Cakes                        At Pierson’s
                                                       476-0401
   Cookies • Truffles • Bread
   Pizza • Desserts • Catering                    MCKINLEYVILLE
                                                Shopping Center
   OPEN DAILY                                          839-3383




                                                                                                      ~ Certified Herbalists ~
                                                                                                  Effective, Natural & Economical




                                                                     Healthcare
                                                                     for your life.                                                                  Open 7 Days a Week
                                                                     • Over 400 medicinal
                                                                       and culinary herbs                                                     Wine Bar! .
                                                                                                                                           Friday & Saturday, 3-9 p.m
                                                                     • Organic teas
                                                                     • Custom formulas                                                   Wellington Vineyards Pouring
                                                                     • Unique gifts                                                   Thursday, April 1, 5-8 pm, $5/ person
                                                                                                                                            Belgian Beer Tasting
                                                                                                                                         Thursday, April 15, 5-8 pm
                                                                                                                                      $20/ person includes Food Pairing
                                                                                                                                                 Sake Tasting
                                                                                                                                          Thursday, April 29, 5-8 pm
                                                                              300 2nd Street, Old Town, Eureka                            $30/ person includes Sushi
                                                                        (707) 442-3541 • www.humboldtherbals.com
                                                                            “We Help You Understand Nature’s Pharmacy”               8th Street on the Plaza, Arcata          825-7596

ECONEWS February/March 2010                                                           www.yournec.org                                                                                    17
                      Plan It Green Conference   The 4th       features more than 50 booths, with green, sustainable
                                                                                                                                   Feinstein’s Fish-Killing
                                              Annual Plan
                                              It Green
                                                               and local companies and organizations prepared to
                                                               inform and inspire.
                                                                                                                                     Water Bill On Hold
                                              Conference          Discussion panels and workshops comprised of local               Environmental activists, along with conservation,
                                              takes place      experts and invited guests will be held throughout the           scientific and fishing organizations, slammed Senator
                                              on Saturday      day. Topics include energy, economics, green jobs, and           Dianne Feinstein with letters, e-mails and phone calls
                                              April 3 from 8   the many reasons why turning locally raised grain into           early this year expressing their opposition to her water
                                              a.m. to 8 p.m.   bread is important to the sustenance and health of the           legislation that would have weakened Endangered
                                              at the Arcata    county.                                                          Species Act protection for endangered fish in the
                                              Community           It’s a fun and informative day,” Plan It Green                Sacramento Delta.
                                              Center.          organizer Steve Salzman said. “Every year we open up                Agricultural water users had pressured Senator
                                              Admission is     the parking lot to local groups like Farmer’s Market and         Feinstein to attach language to the Senate jobs bill
                                              free.            the Humboldt Electric Vehicle Association (HEVA).                that would have diverted Northern California water to
                                                 The theme     This year a petting zoo will be out there along with a           Central Valley farmers.
of this year’s conference is local self-reliance and its       bicycle repair demonstration.”                                      Activists’ efforts were successful, and in late
relation to a thriving community. The keynote speaker             Everyone can participate in the “Kinetic Electric             February, the federal jobs bill passed the Senate without
is longtime Mother Earth News contributing editor and          Samba Parade” at noon in the HealthSport parking                 Feinstein’s contentious rider.
green energy specialist, Steve Heckeroth, scheduled to         lot. Performers in the parade include the Humboldt                  Feinstein’s proposal received heavy media scrutiny
speak at 6:00 p.m.                                             Circus, Samba D’Alegria, members of the Kinetic Lab,             resulting in the release of crucial information from
    Heckeroth has been writing for the national magazine       bicyclists, HEVA, members of Del Arte’ and more.                 state agencies and universities that has helped to
since its inception 40 years ago. He brings an archive of         A “Locally Delicious” lunch of soups and tri-tip              debunk some media myths generated by the corporate
solar energy and electric car know-how to the podium,          sandwiches will be available along with an evening               agricultural industry. Data showed that recent Delta
as well as 40 years worth of personal knowledge from           appetizer spread.                                                pumping restrictions were not the primary driver of
living off the land in Northern California.                       For more information and a complete schedule, visit           very high unemployment in Central Valley towns hit
    The conference includes an Expo/Trade Show that            www.humboldtplanitgreen.org or call 822-0597. y                  hard by the collapse of the building industry.
                                                                                                                                   The LA Times noted that, “Grape production was
                                                                                                                                down slightly, but still among the highest on record.
                                                                                                                                And although photographs of farmers bulldozing their

Student Race For                                               Learn To Be A Bay Docent
                                                                  Humboldt Baykeeper will hold a training on Saturday,
                                                                                                                                almond groves for lack of water were a media favorite,
                                                                                                                                California had more acres of bearing almond trees last
                                                                                                                                year than ever.”
Endangered Species                                             April 10 and Sunday, April 11 for people interested in
                                                               becoming docents for the upcoming Bay Explorations
                                                                                                                                   Although Feinstein put her rider on hold, she has
                                                                                                                                stated she reserves the right to bring it back should it
   High school students are invited                                                                                             become necessary. y
                                                               tour season. Deadline for registration is April 1.
to compete on Saturday, May 22,
                                                                  Baykeeper docents lead small-group, bay-oriented
in the Sunchaser Challenge – a unique adventure race

                                                                                                                                    Critical Habitat
                                                               boat tours for people of all ages. 
that helps save endangered species. 
                                                                  This is an opportunity to share your passion for the
   Winners will receive eco-adventures, sports

                                                                                                                                  Designated For Frog
                                                               bay by educating others about the bay and the work
equipment and other prizes. Students, 15-18 years old,
                                                               Humboldt Baykeeper does to protect and enhance the
can compete against each other for individual prizes
                                                               health of our local marine environment.
and a special prize for the High School that scores the                                                                                                                        The U.S.
                                                                  Experienced docents will teach you about the history,
highest number of points at each location.                                                                                                                                  government
                                                               ecology, geology and other aspects of Humboldt Bay, as
    This exciting and unique event is made up of four                                                                                                                       has
                                                               well as how to convey your knowledge to others.
fun adventure races – one in each time zone of the                                                                                                                          designated
                                                                  For more information, call 707-268-8897, e-mail
continental U.S. – with the goal of raising awareness of                                                                                                                    1.6 million
                                                               volunteer@humboldtbaykeeper.org, or drop by the office
the plight of species on the brink of extinction.                                                                                                                           acres as
                                                               at 217 E Street in Eureka. y
   Entrants can participate as a team or solo, and race                                                                                                                     critical
disciplines include running, trekking, mountain biking,                                                                                                                     habitat
kayaking, stand up paddle boarding, road cycling and                                                                                                                        for the
basic navigation. Racers will participate at four U.S.                                                                                                                      threatened
locations, the California location is in North Lake Tahoe.                                                                                                                  California
   Learn more at: www.sunchaser challenge.com. y                                                                                                                            red-legged
                                                                                                                                frog. It is the third attempt to protect the frog’s

      Bird Festival: No Longer Just Geese
                                                                                                                                habitat in the last nine years.
                                                                                                                                   In 2001 the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
                                                                                                                                attempted to gain designation for more than four
   Known as the Aleutian Goose Festival for ten years          marbled murrelets fly at dawn, learning about the Yurok          million acres for the frog, but their effort was
and now renamed with a new date, the California                Tribe’s California condor reintroduction program, and            overturned in federal court. Then in 2006 the
Redwoods Bird & Nature Festival has moved from late            witnessing American dippers foraging on the Smith                Service revised the rule, intending to set aside
March to May 7-9, 2010.                                        River.                                                           about 450,000 acres.
   The reinvented festival held in Del Norte County,              The keynote speaker for the Friday evening program               The red-legged frog was once California’s most
promises the same quality workshops and fieldtrips as          is National Geographic’s Explorer-In-Residence,                  abundant native frog, and it was immortalized in
in the past. Online registration is now available and          Mike Fay. Fay will share his adventures and findings             Mark Twain’s short story, “The Celebrated Jumping
registrants can choose from 70 events including many           from his recently completed one-year 1100-mile hike              Frog of Calaveras County.”
new programs.                                                  transecting California’s coastal redwood forests. Fay’s             But the frog has now lost 90 percent of its
   Bird watchers, nature enthusiasts, and cultural             journey was featured in the October 2009 issue of                historic population due to the fact that its habitat
history buffs can enjoy charter boat ocean excursions,         National Geographic magazine.                                    has been contaminated by pesticides. Amphibians
harbor and lagoon kayaking, native plant and wildflower           More information and online registration is now               with their permeable skin are particularly
walks, and Tolowa and Yurok cultural programs.                 available at www.calredwoodsbirdfest.org. y                      vulnerable to such toxics. y
   New bird programs include rising early to watch




  Sun Frost Energy Efficient
                                                                                New book, On This Day In Arcata,
                                                                           honors and makes Arcata newspaper history
                                                                                                           Since 1886, Arcata’s weekly newspapers have captured the town’s colorful history ą the
        Refrigerators & Freezers                                                                         wonders and woes, celebrations, calamities, milestones and always-interesting people,
   Customized To Fit Your Needs                                                                           places and things that make Arcata the most intriguing city in Humboldt County. Now, in an
                                                                                                          unprecedented collaboration, Arcadia Publishing presents On This Day In Arcata, featuring
                             4 Available in DC                                                             stories from the archives of the Arcata Union and Arcata Eye newspapers. Using images
                               or AC                                                                        from several local collections, On This Day In Arcata offers insights into Arcata’s history
                             4 Select From Over                                                              sometimes familar, often surprising but always as fascinating as the town itself.
                               10 Models
                                                                                                                In On This Day In Arcata, you’ll read all about the installation of the statue of William
                             4 Choose from 1000’s                                                             McKinley and the Arcata Women’s Christian Temperance Union fountain, the opening
                               of Colors, Finishes
                                                                                                               of the Hotel Arcata, Minor Theatre and Humboldt State University’s Founder’s Hall
                               & Woods
                                                                                                               and Behavioral and Social Sciences Building, the creation of the iconic Humboldt
      “Higher efficiency standards for refrigerators                                                            Honey and the fires that have changed Arcata through the years, plus the scandalous
       have saved the equivalent of all the energy
         generated in the US by wind and solar.”                                                                 deliberations of Arcata’s Spinsters’ Matrimonial Club, and more!
            Dr. Chu, US Secretary of Energy                                                                          Compiled by Arcata Eye editor Kevin Hoover, author of The Police Log: True
     Please Contact Us For More Info                                                                              Crime and More in Arcata, California, and The Police Log II: The Nimrod Imbroglios,
             P.O. Box 1101, Arcata, CA 95518                                                                       On This Day In Arcata connects Arcata’s past and present, bringing history to life
       tel: (707)822-9095 • fax: (707)822-6213
        info@sunfrost.com • www.sunfrost.com                                                                       as never before. Available at stores locally.


18                                                                              www.yournec.org                                                                April/May 2010 ECONEWS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            19
                                                                                                                                     25                                                                                                                                                              DAILY CALENDAR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               • Redwood National and State Parks call 464-6101 for road, trail and campground info.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Centers open daily in Crescent City 465-7306. Prairie Creek, Jedediah Smith, and Kuchel.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Call for times.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               • Every Saturday Friends of Arcata Marsh tours of Arcata Marsh or Wastewater
      Sunday                                    Monday                                        Tuesday Wednesday                                   Thursday                                Friday                                      Saturday
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Treatment Plant at 2 p.m. Info: 826-2359
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               • Every Saturday Redwood Audubon Society’s free field trips of the Arcata Marsh and
Upcoming Events In May                                                                                                                                                            1                                 2    • Friends of the Dunes (FOD) 32nd Annual
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3       Wildlife Sanctuary at 8:30 a.m. at Klopp Lake Parking Lot.
• May 7-9, California Redwoods Bird and Nature Festival, in Del Norte County. Info: www.calredwoodsbirdfest.org or 465-0888                           EcoNews Report,                                                                                                          • Arcata Community Recycling Center open 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Lupine Bash, Info: 444-1397                            Info: 822-4542
• May 8, Humboldt Coastal Nature Center Restoration, 9:30 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. Meet at Humboldt Coastal Nature Center. Info: 444-1397                         1:30 p.m.                                                     • Redwood Region Audubon Society (RRAS)
• May 9, Friends of the Dunes Property Tour, 2 p.m. Meet at Humboldt Coastal Nature Center. Info: 444-1397
                                                                                                                                                        KHSU FM 90.5                                                                                                           • Eureka Community Recycling Center open 9 a.m. daily. Info: 442-2541,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Arcata Marsh and Wildlife Sanctuary Hike,
• May 15, Manila Dunes Restoration, 9:30 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. Meet at Manila Community Center. Info: 444-1397
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Meet at parking lot end of South I St at 8:30 a.m.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                For more recycling options visit www.humboldtrecycling.org
                                                                                                                                                   April Fool’s
• May 15, Manila Dunes Guided Walk, 10 a.m. - 12 p.m. Meet at Manila Community Center. Info: 444-1397                                                                                                                                                                          • Arcata Marsh Interpretive Center, 569 South G St. Hours: Tues.-Sun. 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Info: 442-5444
• May 22, Lanphere Dunes Restoration, 9:30 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. Meet at Manila Community Center. Info: 444-1397
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Mon. 1 to 5 p.m. Info: 826-2359
                                                                                                                                                      Day
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         • Plan It Green Festival at the Arcata Community
• May 23, Ma-le’l Dunes Restoration, 9:30 a.m. - 12:30 p.m. Meet at Ma-le’l Dunes south parking lot. Info: 444-1397
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Center. 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. See page 18.                 • Every Tuesday “The Environmental Show,” KMUD-FM, 91.1(88.3 FM Arcata) at 7 p.m.
• May 23, Ma-le’l Dunes Guided Walk, 2 - 4:30 p.m. Meet at Ma-le’l Dunes south parking lot. Info: 444-1397
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               • County Hazardous Waste facility open every Saturday from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m.
                                          4                                   5                                        6                  7                                      8                                  9                                                   10
• Friends of the Dunes (FOD)Little River                                              • North Group Sierra Club                                       EcoNews Report,                       Arts! Arcata                 • Future Sea Level Rise Awareness Day Rally on
State Beach Restoration, 9:30 a.m.
Info: 444-1397
                                                                                      (NGSC) Executive Committee
                                                                                      Meeting, 6:45-8 p.m. at Adorni
                                                                                                                                                           1:30 p.m.
                                                                                                                                                                                            at the NEC
                                                                                                                                                                                            Artist: Nathen Sipan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         the Arcata Plaza at 3:30 p.m. Costume Contest.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Be inspired by the Ocean. Info: 633-8847                        Speak Up and Speak Out
                                                                                      Center. Info: 826-3740                                             KHSU FM 90.5                      and Cassandra Carlson          • RRAS Shay Park Field Trip, meet at Shay Park
                                                                                                                                                                                       Jacoby Storehouse, 6 to 9 p.m.    parking lot at 9 a.m. Info: 822-5095 or 616-9841
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               President Barack Obama              Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger           North Coast Regional Water
   Easter Sunday                                                                       •The Environmental Show                                                                                Info: 822-6918             • The 9th Annual Klamath River Cleanup, meet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Community Room of the Yurok Tribe office, 9 a.m.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    The White House                       State Capitol Building              Quality Control Board




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            www.yournec.org
                                                                                       on KMUD-FM (91.1, or 88.5)                                                                                                                                                              1600 Pennsylvania Ave. NW                 Sacramento, CA, 95814               5550 Skylane Blvd., Suite A
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Info: 954-0462                                                                                                                     Santa Rosa, CA 95403-1072
                                                                                       7 p.m.                                                                                                                                                                                    Washington, D.C. 20500                  Phone: 916-445-2841
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Comments: 202-456-1111                  gov.ca.gov/interact#email         707-576-2220 or 707-523-0135
 • FOD Property Tour, meet at 220 Stamps
                                        11                                   12                                       13                  14     EcoNews Report,
                                                                                                                                                                             15        Bruce Cockburn Benefit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  16                                                    17     Switchboard: 202-456-1414                                                  www.swrcb.ca.gov/northcoast/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              www.whitehouse.gov/CONTACT/          Assemblyman Wesley Chesbro               about_us/contact_us.shtml
 Lane in Manila, 2 to 3:30 p.m.                                                                                                                                                        Concert for Siskiyou Land          15th Annual Godwit Days, at the Arcata
                                                                                                                                                           1:30 p.m.                                                      Community Center. See page 11 for more details.                                                        State Capitol
 Info: 444-1397                                                                                                                                                                        Conservancy                                                                              Senator Barbara Boxer                P.O. Box 942849 Sacramento, CA          Secretary of Agriculture
• RRAS Humboldt Bay National Wildlife                                                                                                                   KHSU FM 90.5                                                      • FOD Manila Dunes Guided Walk, 10 a.m.
                                                                                                                                                                                       Next Friday                                                                                                                                                         U.S. Department of Agriculture
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                • RRAS Conservation Meeting,                                                                                                          Washington, D.C.                           94249-0001
Refuge Hike, meet at the Refuge Vistor                                                                                                                                                                                    Info: 444-1397
Center off Hookton Rd. at 9 a.m.                                                                                                                 meet at Golden Harvest in Arcata at    April 23.                                                                              112 Hart Senate Office Building                  Tel: 916-319-2001              1400 Independence Ave. SW
                                                                                                                                                                                       Tickets available at               • RRAS Arcata Marsh and Wildlife Sanctuary             Washington, D.C. 20510                    710 E Street, Suite 150             Washington, DC 20250
 Info: 822-3613                                                                        •The Environmental Show                                  noon Info: 442-9353
                                                                                                                                                                                       The Works, or visit                Hike, meet at parking lot end of South I St         202-224-3553 or 415-403-0100                    Eureka, CA 95501                    AgSec@usda.gov
                                                                                       on KMUD-FM (91.1, or 88.5)                              •NEC Annual Event Planning
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
• NGSC hike on Trillium and Lost Man                                                                                                                                                                                      at 8:30 a.m. Info: 442-5444
                                                                                       7 p.m.                                                                                          http://siskiyouland.word-                                                              boxer.senate.gov/contact/email/                   Tel: 445-7014
Trail, meet at Elk Meadows Day Use Area at                                                                                                     Meeting, meet at NEC Back Office,
                                                                                                                                                                                       press.com                                                                                         index.cfm                  legplcms01.lc.ca.gov/PublicLCMS/       Environmental Protection
11 a.m. Info: 839-5971                                                                                                                         6:30- 8:30 p.m. Info: 822-6918
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ContactPopup.aspx?district=AD01&                Agency
                                       18                                   19                                      20                    21                                 22                                    23 •Green Wheels 3rd Annual Gala, Arcata 24                  Senator Dianne Feinstein                                                  www.epa.gov/epahome/hotline.
                                                                                                                                                                                      •The California Coastal           Vet’s Hall at 6 p.m. $40 for Local Foods Dinner.             United States Senate            Humboldt County Board of                        htm
 • RRAS Southern Humboldt                                                                                                                            EcoNews Report,                  Commission is hosting a free Music Starts at 8:30 p.m. $7 Info: 633-8847                 331 Hart Senate Office Building                 Supervisors
 Community Park Field Trip, meet in                                                                                                                       1:30 p.m.                   habitat restoration, Meet          • FOD Lanphere Dunes Restoration, 9:30 a.m.               Washington, D.C. 20510             825 Fifth Street, Room 111               Air Pollution Hotline
                                                                                                                                                                                      at the Humboldt Bay National       Info: 444-1397                                            Phone: 202-224-3841 or                  Eureka, CA 95501                       1-800-952-5588
 parking lot of Kimtu Road in                                                                                                                           KHSU FM 90.5
                                                                                                                                                                                      Wildlife Refuge in Loleta from     • RRAS Arcata Marsh and Wildlife Sanctuary                      415-393-0707                       (707) 476-2384
                                                                                                                                               Earth Day
 Garberville at 8:30 a.m.
                                                                                       •The Environmental Show                                                                        9 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. Info: http:// Hike, meet at parking lot end of South I St           feinstein.senate.gov/public/index.       co.humboldt.ca.us/board/           Humboldt Bay Municipal Water
 Info: 444-8001                                                                                                                                                                       www.coastal.ca.gov/publiced/       at 8:30 a.m. Info: 442-5444                             cfm?FuseAction=ContactUS.                                                          District
                                                                                       on KMUD-FM (91.1, or 88.5)
                                                                                                                                                                                      UNBweb/diggingin.html              • NGSC 9-mile Table Bluff Hike, meet at beach                      EmailMe                    California Department of             828 Seventh Street/P.O. Box 95
                                                                                       7 p.m.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          below Table Bluff at 9:30 a.m. Info:441-0702                                                          Forestry                          Eureka, CA 95502
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Congressman Mike                    Humboldt-Del Norte Unit HQ                 Phone: 443-5018
                                        25                                  26                                       27                   28                                  29                                  30




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ECONEWS April/May 2010
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Thompson                                725-4413                    www.hbmwd.com/contact_us
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         RRAS = Redwood Region Audubon Society                  231 Cannon Office Building               118 S. Fortuna Blvd, Fortuna,
 • FOD Ma-le’l Dunes Guided Walk,                                                                                                                    EcoNews Report,                                                                                                             Washington, D.C. 20515                        95540-2796                 California Coastal Commission
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         NGSC = North Group Sierra Club
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Phone: 202-225-3311               Mailing Address: PO Box 944246,         45 Fremont Street, Suite 2000
 11:30 a.m. Info: 444-1397                                                                                                                                1:30 p.m.                                                      FOD = Friends Of The Dunes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  317 3rd Street, Suite 1             Sacramento, CA 94244-2460             San Francisco, CA 94105-2219
                                                                                                                                                        KHSU FM 90.5                                                                                                                 Eureka, CA 95501              Physical Address: 1416 Ninth Street,            415-904-5200
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Phone: 269-9595                   Sacramento, CA 94244-2460                 710 E Street, Suite 200
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                mikethompson.house.gov/                                                           Eureka, CA 95501
                                                                                       •The Environmental Show                                                                                                           Send calendar submissions to:                             contact/e-mail.shtml                                                         445-7833 or 445-7834
                                                                                       on KMUD-FM (91.1, or 88.5)                                                                                                        sarah@yournec.org                                                                                                                       www.coastal.ca.gov
                                                                                       7 p.m.
                                                                                                                                         ECONEWS
Northcoast Environmental Center




                                                                                                                                                                                                                      April/May 2010 ECONEWS
                                                                                                                 NON-PROFIT ORG.         Arcata, California                      Vol. 40, No.II      April/May 2010
791 Eighth St., P.O. Box 4259 Arcata, CA                                                                          U.S. POSTAGE
                                                                                                                       PAID
                                                                                                                    Arcata, CA
                                                                                                                   PERMIT NO. 3
                                                                                                                                             Informing The North Coast On Environmental Issues Since 1971
                 Family Planning                                                       Join the NEC and support
                                                                                        our conservation work.
                                                                                    In our fast-paced lives, the indispensable life                                                               More Trucks
      If you’re thinking of having a baby,                                          supports like air, water and wild nature are often
  then the Redwood City start-up
  company Counsyl suggests that you
                                                                                    overlooked. Your tax-deductible membership
                                                                                    donation will get ECONEWS delivered into your
                                                                                                                                                                                                       In The
  first simply spit.
      That’s because the firm, for $349,
                                                                                    mailbox every month – and allow us to continue
                                                                                    to educate and inform the public about crucial                                                                Redwoods?
  runs genetic tests on saliva samples                                              environmental issues that affect this region and                                                                 Highway Work
  to see if prospective parents carry                                               our entire planet.
  recessive genes that lie behind more                                                 Mail in this membership form, or join                                                                           Proposed at
  than 100 inherited conditions such as                                                     online at www.yournec.org.                                                                            Richardson Grove
  cystic fibrosis or Down syndrome.                                                                 Membership Levels:
        Counsyl says screening could spare
  countless parents from heartache,                                                 $20 Student/Retired            $35 Regular
  allow fertility centers to first test                                             $50 Family                     $65 Overseas
  embryos before implantation and                                                   $1,000 Lifetime
  save society from the millions it can




                                                                                                                                                                                                                      www.yournec.org
                                                                                     My check is enclosed                                                                                                    Also:
  cost to care for even one severely ill
  person over a lifetime. But critics say                                           Please bill my credit card:                                                                                     Klamath Deals
  such testing is a step toward ‘designer                                              VISA         MasterCard                                                                                         Wave Energy
  babies’ by allowing parents to choose
  traits of their children.
                                                                                    Or sign up for a monthly pledge and enjoy the                                                                   Bruce Cockburn
                                                                                    comfort of knowing that you are continually
      Here at the NEC, where we                                                     supporting our efforts to protect this region.
  understand that overpopulation                                                    Monthly Pledge Amount $__________
  is a driving force behind many
                                                                                    Bill my credit card
  environmental problems, we have
  no simple test that can prevent global warming, forestall the decline of fish     Send me a pack of envelopes
  stocks and other species, clean the air or even solve the mysteries of sudden
  oak death.                                                                        Credit Card #                        Exp. Date
      But your center has been working since 1971 to rectify the environmental      Name
  ‘inherited conditions’ that threaten the bioregion—and our children. We do it     Address
  through education, agitation and even litigation, and it often costs as much as
  developing a DNA screen on a computer chip.                                       City                             State
      We’ve ‘mutated’ somewhat in the last year or so, but please consider
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  making a contribution today to your environmental screening service.
      The future will thank you.                                                    E-mail
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                                                                                                                                                                                                      Photo: Jason Lawrence