R&D for Innovation in PV Solar
Sustainability is Industry Mandate
• Solar is a Key Component in Addressing Global Climate Change
• Objective to Lower Worldwide Carbon Levels
• An integral part of the energy mix to enhance security of supply
• Must Evaluate Total Impact to the Environment
– Supply, Manufacturing, Deployment, Operations, Recycling
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Reduce the cost of solar electricity to a level competitive with conventional
energy, enabling solar to become a sustainable mainstream source of energy.
• Reduce the cost of solar modules by way
of applying automated, fast ramp and
high volume production of thin film
• Migrate from subsidized markets to
non-subsidized markets by leveraging
economies of scale — become
• Reduce dependence on scarce natural
resources and curtail greenhouse gas
emissions to improve our environment
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The solar PV market
Historical development of Global cumulative PV power installed
Source: EPIA Global Market Outlook 2013
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Global annual PV market Outlook until 2013
Source: EPIA Global Market Outlook 2013
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PV Industry’s “SET for 2020” Vision
• In 2008 EPIA launched a comprehensive European project “SET For 2020”, to
establish the industry roadmap to realise its 2020 Vision:
“to establish PV as a mainstream clean, sustainable and competitive energy
technology providing up to 12% of the European electricity demand by 2020, up to
20% in 2030 and 30% in 2050”
• Published in March 2009, the Report shows the benefits and implications that the
12% PV target represents for European society: the PV industry, European utilities
and regulators, ecosystem actors and end consumers
• Realising the Vision requires supportive public policy framework conditions are set
by Member States
• The 12% goal can only be achieved if costs are substantially reduced (through
technology progress, experience and economies of volume), if grid integration issues
can be solved, if PV markets can be strongly and sustainably enhanced throughout
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THE SOLAR EUROPE INDUSTRY
INITIATIVE (SEII) – A RESEARCH PLAN
WHAT IS THE SEII PLAN?
• A collective effort of the European PV community - leading representatives from
Industry, the Research community and from the European and national PV
associations represented through the European Photovoltaic Industry
Association (EPIA) and the EU PV Technology Platform.
• Describes the PV sector strategy and the immediate actions to be taken in the
period 2010-2012 to realise the PV solar energy goals for 2020 and beyond
• Above all, the Solar Europe Industry Initiative describes the strategic R&D
components of “SET For 2020”, which are essential to enable rapid, large-scale
deployment of PV at minimum cost and maximum benefit for society
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THE SOLAR EUROPE INDUSTRY INITIATIVE (SEII)
• SEII has 3 key strategic objectives:
– SEII will bring PV to cost competitiveness in all market segments
(residential, commercial, and industrial) by 2020 (cost reduction);
– SEII will establish the conditions allowing high penetration of
distributed PV electricity within the European electricity system
– SEII will facilitate the implementation of large scale demonstration
and deployment projects with a high added value for the European
PV sector and society as a whole.
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THE SOLAR EUROPE INDUSTRY INITIATIVE (SEII)
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SUPPORTING EU ENERGY POLICY OBJECTIVES
Implementing the SEII will substantially support Europe’s Energy Policy objectives:
– increase security of energy supply;
– substantially cut CO2 emissions;
– increase European energy competitiveness;
– develop a robust European industry at the forefront of technical
innovation, creating sustainable jobs in Europe along the value
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HOW?? - SEII structure & priority areas
DISRUPTING BUSINESS AS USUAL THROUGH R&D
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SEII STRUCTURE AND PRIORITY AREAS
• The Solar Europe Industry Initiative (SEII) is based on the idea of “Creating an Energy Revolution
through Accelerated Evolution” and moving beyond a business-as-usual scenario.
• Two major initiatives have been defined:
– SEII 1: Cost Reduction
– SEII 2: System integration
• As part of the R&D activities in the two sub-initiatives, demonstration projects will be carried
out to assure a large and successful implementation of the results.
• Need to undertake education & training in Europe - qualified PV professionals are needed to
help realise future technology and product roadmaps.
• Science and engineering also through promoting research and development activities that help
provide a launch pad for excellent educational opportunities.
• Awareness & communication for the environmental, social, economical and technical benefits
of PV need to be disseminated to the wider public, national and European policy-makers,
utilities, architects, construction sector and other important stakeholders.
– This needs ongoing public policy support and European wide and EU Member State level.
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SEII 1: COST REDUCTION – A Moore’s Law for PV?
SEII 1 Cost reduction objectives:
• To reduce the generation cost of PV electricity (€/kWh) by achieving a cost reduction of the technology
itself (€/Watt of production) and by increasing the lifetime of PV systems. An accelerated cost
reduction of the PV technology will be achieved by boosting innovation and economies of scale.
• To prepare the industry for multi-gigawatt production and to accelerate the process of “from labs to
fabs to market”.
– New infrastructure: machinery and processes are needed to enable high-production levels and current and new
materials need to be available in sufficient quantities and at low costs.
– In line with the recommendations of the Strategic Research Agenda of the European Photovoltaic Technology
Platform, this step is to be achieved for wafer-based crystalline Si PV, thin-film technologies and concentrator PV.
• Faster and cheaper manufacturing processes for all PV technologies with a higher grade of automation
while cell and module efficiencies will continue to increase.
• With lower material usage, increased efficiency, better economies of scale and longer lifetime, the cost
of electricity will be significantly reduced, making PV competitive with other energy sources.
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Cost Reductions Achieved Through Scale
10 MW 25 MW
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
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Module Manufacturing Cost Reduction Roadmap
3-4% $0.52 - 0.63/W
Q1 07 Q1 09 Efficiency Throughput Spending Low Cost Plant Scale 2014
Cost/Watt Cost/Watt Location Cost/Watt
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SOLAR ENERGY INDUSTRY INITIATIVE
Objectives of Demonstration Projects:
• The results of the activities implemented under the priority areas “Cost reduction”
and “System integration” will be demonstrated under real conditions.
• Collaboration with other key stakeholders such as utilities, car manufactures and
regulators – enabling the ecosystem
• Better understand the effect of a high penetration of PV systems on the grid.
Especially important are the subjects of PV grid integration, PV building integration
and interaction with other energy sources (such as wind power and other variable
electricity production technologies).
• The implementation of this initiative will demonstrate the real value of PV
technology and electricity, the potential to interact with other energy sources and
the added value to network operators and the building sector.
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Leadership through innovation
DRIVERS OF GROWTH
• Lets Remember …. PV Solar energy is still a very young industry.
• Stimulation, collaboration and ongoing innovation are key to the long term
sustainability and feasibility of this growth indutry
Key Drivers of Growth are:
– Feed-In-Tariffs (FIT): rate payer helps finance the investment in an innovative
– Project financing: e.g. EIB financing for project costs
– Creating the necessary scale to stimulate growth
– Aggressive cost roadmap to reduce module costs
– Spurring public demand: promoting education and awareness
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THE ROLE OF THE EU COMMISSION AND MEMBER STATES
• Joined up policy thinking and policy making: ensure that there is consistency
between energy policy, environmental policy and R&D policy
• Set support mechanisms (FITs) that take into account market growth and
innovation roadmaps to get to sustainable markets
• Support technologies with superior environmental benefits and innovation
potential: create incentives for private investment
• Stimulate eco-innovation through intellectual property rights protection
• Set aggressive targets for renewable energies for 2020 and beyond (e.g. 100%
renewable energies by 2050)
• Encourage public awareness, education and action in favor of all renewable
• Ensure global markets remain open for renewable energies
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