Fiat Nuova Bravo

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					                                 Fiat Bravo

The model in brief



Beauty as the most up-to-date
expression of Italian style
  The good looks of a coupé, the roominess of a saloon
  Class-beating ergonomics and roominess
  A new logo for the Fiat brand



The Substance of an innovative,
reliable, quality car
  Sophisticated technologies for record-breaking development time
  Class-beating safety
  Engines and gearboxes: extremely enjoyable to drive
  Suspension that guarantees excellent handling and comfort
  The quality of life on board
  The Piedimonte S. Germano plant



A specific response to every demand
  The range (Italian market)
  The proposals of Fiat Auto Financial Services



Spec sheets
The model in brief
When Beauty encounters Substance

       The new Fiat Bravo is a perfect balance of Beauty and Substance, another milestone in the
process to update the brand’s product range. This extraordinary period of change is symbolised by
the new logo that makes its debut on the front of this new model, with which Fiat will tackle the
challenges of the future, without turning its back on its past century of history. This essential sign,
full of references to tradition, was created to express 'change in continuity', and to represent from a
modern viewpoint a human and technological heritage that few of the world’s carmakers can boast.
Historical identity and state-of-the-art engineering skills, pride in its past and a renewed
determination to innovate: this is the context in which the new Fiat Bravo was developed, a
beautiful well-built Italian hatchback, which is agile, entertaining to drive, and competitive, thanks to
the excellent balance between content and price. The new Fiat Bravo is 'concrete beauty', a car
that reiterates the aesthetic canons of Italian styling tradition. It was designed to give customers
the substance that comes from outstanding safety and reliability, coupled with the enjoyable, sporty
driving style that the whole world expects from an Italian car.
       The new model was presented in the spectacular setting of the Stadium of Marble in Rome,
the Eternal City, in one of the most important examples of Neoclassical architecture. This beautiful
stadium, which is inside the Foro Italico, was built in the 1930s by Renato Ricci (1896-1956), who
decided to decorate the stands with an array of statues in Greek style produced by young sculptors
who were unknown at the time. The end result is an extraordinary stadium where each figure,
sculpted in white marble, embodies the power of an athletic movement in a form of refined beauty.
One of the characteristics of Neoclassical art was to reproduce reality by taking Beauty as the ideal
of perfection and balance, not just copying nature but trying to grasp its intrinsic essence.
       The decision was a pondered one, because the goal of this artistic movement, which
developed in Europe between the late 19th and early 20 th centuries, was to recover in a
contemporary key the aesthetics, forms, noble materials, building techniques and artisan skills of
Graeco-Roman tradition, the cradle of every subsequent artistic manifestation of Western culture:
from literature to the theatre, music and architecture. The neoclassical artist did not improvise, but
summed up tradition in every work, with exemplary control over his emotions, perfect mastery of
his materials and a broad knowledge of history.
       The choice of this site underlines an ideal parallel with the Bravo project. When they
developed the project, the engineers, designers, technicians and marketing staff also set out to
create a 'new classic': in the design, by references to the great Italian styling tradition; by
respecting the 'fundamentals', such as the quality of the materials and the assembly, safety, and
exploitability of space, and comfort, which have always decreed a car’s success; and finally, in the
technological components and cutting edge engineering processes, including recourse to virtual
development techniques that have made it possible to cut lead times and to check even the tiniest
details related to quality and performance thousands of times.


Rigour and Love: the best way of creating a car


       The launch is charged with other symbolism. The New Fiat Bravo project challenged
accepted paradigms where the design and development of a new model are concerned, in terms of
time and methodologies. This extraordinary result was achieved thanks to the rigorous integration
of the best processes, and the application of the most advanced technologies, but above all the
essential contribution of Fiat’s men and women, and the commitment, creativeness and love that
they put into their work. To convey this immense undertaking, for the debut of the new Bravo, Fiat
insisted on the extraordinary participation of the performers of 'Le Cirque du Soleil': a perfect
organisation, but above all 'the best artists in the world', as the international press has described
them. It is certainly one of the most extraordinary live performances on the planet.
       'Le Cirque du Soleil' employs about 3000 people, and performers include numerous
Olympic champions and former champions, who currently give life to 5 resident companies (all in
the United States) and 6 touring companies that perform simultaneously all over the world, and are
regularly sold out. The various shows share maniacal attention to the tiniest detail, because
everything is done by hand and nothing is left to chance. It was the first time that 'Le Cirque du
Soleil' has put on a performance in Italy designed specifically for a corporate event, in front of an
audience of more than 6,000 journalists, dealers, suppliers and representatives of large client
companies from 72 countries, plus 3000 children from Rome who attended the first night and
enjoyed a magical dream come true.
       The parallel with the Circus world is appropriate, because the circus is hard work, talent,
and creativeness, preparation and dedication, professional skill and passion, coordination,
collaboration and teamwork, dexterity and lightness, magic without tricks, a dream but not an
illusion. Just like the project to develop a new car: months of hard work, involving hundreds of
people, and a huge investment. A perfect mechanism, for a spectacle that leaves no space for
pretence or for second chances. At the first turn of the key, everything must function perfectly, year
in and year out, repeat after repeat.


'Authentic Italian Beauty'


       Designed by the Fiat Style Centre, the model sets out to attract the public with its
uncluttered, smooth lines, which on one hand confirm Fiat’s determination to create a new 'family
feeling', beginning with the Grande Punto, while on the other hand they reinvent the stylistic
elements of the great Italian car-making tradition, without exaggeration or stylistic excesses:
authentic beauty in other words, that is reassuring and easy to understand. The raked, forward
windscreen, the drop-shaped headlights, the sporty grille that frames the new logo, and even the
colour chosen for the launch campaign, known as Maranello Red, which is a clear tribute to the
best-known symbol of Italian automotive excellence: Ferrari.
        The new Fiat Bravo is born from this cultural and stylistic heritage, a five-door saloon with a
sleek, aggressive line, which is refined and compact at the same time. It is 434 centimetres long,
179 cm wide, and 149 cm high, with a wheelbase of 260 cm, and a loading capacity of 400 litres
that tops its class.
        The beautiful 'dress' made by Fiat contains all the substance of a car built to surprise in the
category that rules the European market, to convince a clientele that considers the cars of this
class as a real investment, because they are the family’s main car. The Bravo aims to make the
difference in terms of quality, comfort, practicality and the versatility of the interior. Anyone who
gets into the car will immediately be aware of the quality leap that everyone at Fiat was determined
to achieve. The refinement of the materials and the colour combinations, the solidity, attention to
detail and painstaking assembly, all represent a new standard for Fiat and a benchmark for the
market.


Innovation, reliability and quality


        Substance also means performance, safety and technology.
        The launch of the new Fiat Bravo is also an opportunity to present the new family of
turbocharged T-JET petrol engines (120 and 150 bhp 1.4 Turbo), which combine fuel economy,
low emissions and exceptional performance, and now join the popular range of Multijet common
rail turbodiesels (1.9 litres delivering 120 and 150 bhp) and the 90 bhp 1.4 16v petrol engine.
        Comfort is enhanced by the pinpoint steering and excellent roadholding, and the choice of
two tried and tested suspension systems which have been suitably modified and updated: an
independent MacPherson system at the front, and a semi-independent torsion axle with
interconnected wheels at the rear.
        The Fiat Bravo was designed to score maximum points in passive and active safety tests,
thanks to several airbags (as many as 7), three-point seat-belts with pre-tensioners and load
limiters, and five head-restraints. Another aspect of safety regards the 'Pedestrian impact', which
was taken into account during the design of the chassis, designed to maximise the absorption of
this type of impact. The new model also features the most sophisticated electronic systems to
monitor the vehicle’s dynamic behaviour, such as ABS complete with EBD, the sophisticated ESP
system with a Hill Holder, and ASR anti-slip regulation.
        The Fiat Bravo embodies new technologies, not only where engineering is concerned, but
also in the use of electronics at the service of comfort and well-being on board. The best example
of this is the new generation of the 'Blue&Me' system, known as 'Blue&Me Nav'. This technology,
which is a Fiat Group exclusive, developed with Microsoft, combines the functions of the first
generation with a highly efficient pictogram navigation system, and access to a series of telematic
services, that convey the true spirit of Fiat: simple, useful and at the right price.
       The 'dual-zone' automatic climate system, a choice of two radios with specific Hi-Fi
systems, the large panoramic opening sunroof, Cruise Control, a rain sensor, parking sensors and
foglights with a self-adaptive cornering function, complete the array of equipment to customise the
car, and to make life on board a pleasure for every occupant.
       And finally, to underline the generosity of this project, the Fiat Bravo range will be broad
and comprehensive right from its launch, with a choice of 5 engines, 12 elegant liveries and 4 outfit
levels (Active, Dynamic, Emotion and Sport), all designed to offer the customer outstanding value
for money.


Made in Italy, Sold around the world


       The new Fiat Bravo aims to become the benchmark for what is the most important segment
of the European market, which accounted for over 3,400,000 cars sold in 2006, or little more than
one fifth of the total market (a value that has been practically constant since 2000).
       It is clearly a very interesting segment but one that is also highly competitive, with about 30
different models, from full-liners and premium European, Asian and American manufacturers. We
should also underline that the largest grouping in the medium sized saloon category is made up of
2-box saloons or hatchbacks, which account for over 71% of sales. About 25% of total sales for
this category are destined to the corporate market, where qualities such as residual value,
operating costs, reliability and price are important considerations. But these are areas in which the
Fiat Bravo will be one of the most competitive models on the market. With these expectations, the
long-established plant in Piedimonte S. Germano (Frosinone) and its 3500 employees are
preparing themselves enthusiastically to turn out an average of 120,000 cars a year, which will be
marketed in 55 countries around the world, starting in 2007.
Beauty as the most up-to-date
  expression of Italian style
The good looks of a coupé,
the roominess of a saloon
       Developed by the Fiat Style Centre, the design of the Bravo is a perfect blend of
aggressiveness and power, as you would expect of a 5-door compact, set off by an extraordinary
amount of roominess inside. A sporty, flowing line that guarantees robustness and agility in spite of
its aesthetic refinement.
       To start with, the new model is generously sized – 434 centimetres long, 179 cm wide, 149
cm high and with a wheelbase of 260 cm – even if the Bravo’s smooth, almost aggressive lines
give it a sporty, sparkling and extremely dynamic look, designed to underline its ‘muscles’ simply
and straightforwardly. The Fiat Bravo’s strong personality is particularly evident at the front; the
front end is important, like that of a small GT, into which the elongated headlights are set with
original tension and strong Italian styling (they are the work of Magneti Marelli - Automotive
Lighting).
       The externals a succession of classical references, an excellent opportunity to re-read the
brand’s traditional styling elements in a modern key. Take a quick look. First, the original rear light
clusters which recall those of the previous Bravo, which were also the work of Magneti Marelli -
Automotive Lighting. The front reiterates the distinctive features of recent Fiat models, particularly
the Grande Punto: from the raked, forward windscreen to the drop-shaped headlights, inspired by
the well-known Italian GT tradition, down to the graphics of the lower air intake and the grille. The
tapering of the front and rear underline the impression of great compactness conveyed by the Fiat
Bravo. But this in no way diminishes the elegance of the lines that run smoothly from front to back,
into the integral bumpers and the light clusters with their converging wedge shape. Suffice it to say
that in the rear, the waistline is high and slopes sharply, to emphasise the sense of sportiness.
       The styling of the Bravo reconciles stylistic elements that were once irreconcilable. For
example, a front end that is aggressive but modelled to respect pedestrian safety requirements.
Both the structure and the modelling are the fruit of detailed analysis, developed in line with the
latest legislation, which envisages rounder shapes, a wider bonnet and a tapered bumper
structure, which is easily perceptible in the plan view, to reduce the area involved in a collision to a
minimum.
       And if the Fiat Bravo conveys a new concept of sportiness on the outside, the inside
environment is one of superb quality and painstaking attention to detail, giving a sensation of great
solidity and compactness. The design, materials and fabrics used are all enhanced by the carefully
chosen colour combinations, which underline the elegance or sportiness of the different versions.
The Active outfit offers 2 interior environments, the Dynamic and Emotion versions offer a choice of
3 environments with 3 different shades, and the Sport outfit proposes 2 environments in 2 different
colours. Bravo customers are also offered leather upholstery: on the Dynamic and Elegance
versions, this comes in black with grey or blue stitching, or in marmoset with contrasting stitching.
The Sport outfit offers black leather upholstery with red or blue overstitching.
       The front and rear seats of the Bravo deserve a special mention. They were designed to
guarantee the best possible comfort to all passenger percentiles, and developed in close
collaboration with the best Italian ergonomics and sports medicine specialists. First of all, to
enhance comfort and to absorb vibration in particular, the front seats incorporate an improved
lumbar support system that sustains the back better. The front seats are also padded with foam
that adapts to the shape of the body and have an 'antisubmarining' structure that prevents the body
from sliding forward, under the seat-belt, in the event of a violent head-on impact. The front seats
also offer various adjustments: height, longitudinal (with a stroke of an amazing 240 mm), squab
rake (by a knob that provides continuous step adjustment), and lumbar. The height of the head -
restraints can be adjusted and, on request, they can be fitted with an anti-whiplash system, which
brings the restraint closer to the occupant’s neck in the event of a collision. And finally, the front
seats offer the option of electric movement and adjustment, with intuitive, ergonomic controls.
       The rear seat squab splits 40/60, and the seats incorporate an antisubmarining structure
and padding with differentiated support in different parts of the seat cushion (this is a parameter
that measures the compression of the padding under the weight of the body). The rear seats are
also fitted with Isofix attachments for child seats, and three head-restraints.
       Great care has gone into the design of the instrument panel (developed by Magneti Marelli),
which is enclosed in a dashboard that is turned entirely towards the driver, with soft lines that blend
aesthetically with the lines of the facia. The large, immediately visible digits of the instrument
graphics make the information easy to read and readily available. At night the illumination is
orange, a shade that allows the pupil to focus more rapidly when alternating between the dark of
the road outside and the luminosity of the dashboard. The onboard instrumentation is available in
two versions, depending on the outfit, and includes a number of important functions. For example,
the multi-function display gives access to several menus, and sub-menus. These speak the driver’s
language (there is a choice of Italian, English, German, Portuguese, Spanish, French, Dutch,
Polish and Turkish), and offer a wide range of functions, including the time, date, programmable
acoustic signal, radio visualisation, check control and more besides. There is also a trip computer,
of course, which provides a data set regarding previous journeys and the current journey.
Class-beating
ergonomics and roominess

       The Fiat Bravo is friendly and practical, with an unbeatable amount of living space and
passenger room, that is hinted at by the exterior dimensions. The new model promises comfortable
journeys, and the enjoyment of tangible, all-enveloping well-being on board. The engineers have
achieved this goal by adopting the latest ergonomic criteria from the earliest stages of the
development of the Fiat Bravo to define the parameters that measure a car’s capacity to respond
to the demand for well-being and comfort on board. As a result, the Bravo achieves excellent
values for the essential ergonomic functions: space and interior volume, roominess, access,
visibility, loading capacity and user-friendliness.
       These characteristics have always been winning qualities, and today they are even more
important, because we spend more time in our cars, we are becoming more accustomed to cars
from higher segments, which are therefore roomier, and the average height of the population is
increasing. This is another reason why the Bravo achieves excellent results in terms of transverse
roominess at shoulder height, in the front and rear, with values that are outstanding for segment C,
in all fields: from roominess to access, visibility and ease of use. This means being able to get in
and out of the car easily and comfortably, and finding yourself in a comfortable, protective
environment once you are seated.
       The interior space in the Fiat Bravo is the result of a good balance between the volumes of
the passenger compartment, even though, from the outside, the car is clearly compact and
dynamic. The parameters that define the posture, the position of the driving seat and of the
passenger seats in the many possible configurations, the overall roominess and the interior volume
have all been optimised. The end result puts the Bravo firmly at the top of its class in this context.
For example, the combination of a driver’s seat that adjusts for height and a steering wheel that
adjusts for height and reach, produces excellent values of roominess as well as a perfect driving
position for drivers of all heights (from 1.50 to about 2 metres). Even if the driver himself is tall,
there is still room for an equally tall passenger to sit comfortably behind him; it is the only car in its
segment that can accommodate 184 cm tall passengers comfortably on the rear seat when those
in the front seat are in the 90 percentile, in other words 183 cm tall. And this does not detract from
the luggage capacity which is 400 litres in the normal configurations, and 1175 litres with the rear
seats folded down.
       Driving is made particularly enjoyable by the position of the pedals, the steering wheel
alignment, the position of the armrest and footrest, the excellent manoeuvring of the gearshift and
the perfect visibility of the instrumentation and the main controls. This sensation of enjoyment is
heightened by the excellent profiling of the wrapround seats that support the body even in more
dynamic driving situations. And the adoption of the latest virtual ergonomic structuring techniques
on the Fiat Bravo ensures that all the onboard instrumentation and primary controls are extremely
user-friendly; all the controls are within easy reach, perfectly visible and easy to use. The interior is
one of the most practical in its category, with a useful storage unit under the passenger seat,
pockets in the doors, a centre console with space for bottles, documents, maps and coins, storage
compartments on the facia for keys, eyeglasses and remote controls, and a large glove
compartment in front of the passenger.
A new logo for the Fiat brand

       A new logo, which underlines the new strategy that has been implemented by the brand in
recent months, now debuts on the front of the new Bravo, and will gradually be adopted on all Fiat
models. In this dynamic context, there has been a constant succession of new products (from the
Croma to the Grande Punto, the Panda, the Fiat Sedici and now the Bravo), and a tangible sign
was needed to symbolise the turnaround that is driving Fiat towards new challenges.
       Created jointly by RobilantAssociati (an agency specialising in Brand Advisors & Strategic
Design) and the Fiat Style Centre, the new symbol is derived from the famous shield that
decorated the front of Fiat cars from 1931 to 1968, with the vertically elongated letters of the word
'FIAT' standing out against a ruby red background, encased in a chromed round frame. It has a
three-dimensional effect which conveys an idea of technology, Italian design, dynamism and a
strong personality, while it also harks back to the round logo (white wording against a red
background, surrounded by laurel leaves) that identified powerful, high performance Fiat models
for many years.
       The essential, strong new logo therefore conveys 'change in continuity', a sign of the past
re-read in a modern key which is particularly representative of Fiat today, a brand with its sights on
the challenges of the future but also proud of its historical identity. The two main elements of the
new logo (the shield shape and the red colour) immediately bring to mind the Fiat 524 of 1931,
which was the first to sport a rectangular logo that blended into the new grille, designed with
stylistic but also aerodynamic pretensions, in the shape of a shield with vertical elements.
       The new Fiat logo sums up the mission of an Italian company that for over one hundred
years has been building cars with beautiful styling, that are accessible and capable of guaranteeing
a better quality of everyday life.
The Substance of an innovative,
      reliable, quality car
Sophisticated technologies for
record-breaking development time

       'A good product is always a well designed product'. This was the guideline that convinced
the Fiat Bravo team to take advantage of the best design processes to develop the new car,
exploiting virtual methodologies because they could optimise both individual performances and
their trade-off in real time. The development of the Bravo is an excellent example of this original
approach: only 18 months separated the moment that the product specifications were frozen from
the market launch. This is a record in the automotive world, and an important competitive
advantage, since being able to develop a car rapidly means responding better to market demands.
       But to be not only fast, but rigorous and excellent too, requires cutting-edge technology and
extremely precise engineering processes. This rigour has been applied at all stages of the
development and industrialisation of the Bravo, applying the most advanced, innovative reliability
methodologies. It was a winning project, which had three specific objectives: outstanding safety,
enjoyable driving and the best quality of life on board.


Engineering excellence that goes a long way back

       To build a revolutionary engine, innovative systems and cars that are a success overall, a
manufacturer must employ cutting-edge technologies and methodologies that interpret the
customers’ wishes, to achieve a level of comfort and performance that set them apart from the
competition, low consumption and emissions in all conditions, and the highest levels of safety,
quality and reliability. Ambitious goals that have always placed the Fiat Group among the pioneers
in the application of virtual analysis to design. Even in the 1970s, the structural components of a
vehicle were verified by computerised calculation techniques, and early in the 1990s, the company
acquired one of the first 'super-calculators' for commercial uses (the famous Cray supercomputer),
only the third in Italy, when there were very few in Europe, generally used for scientific calculations
in universities or large research centres. And the company has always kept up with the latest
virtual technologies on the market, in many cases actually anticipating them thanks to the work of
its own Research Centres.


The Fiat Bravo is the outcome of a winning development process

       At Fiat Auto, the development process starts from stringent objectification of performance,
as seen by the customer first and foremost. This allows all objectives to be measured, so that the
development process can be organised in three main stages: target setting, target deployment and
target achieving. It is the latter that has been revolutionised by the introduction of virtual verification
cycles, which drastically cut development times and costs, increasing the team’s confidence in the
possibility of achieving its initial goals. Research in the field of simulation has focused on the
creation of mathematical models that can provide an increasingly exact estimate of the physical
parameters that are most representative of a vehicle’s performance.
       We should point out that there has not only been an evolution in physical simulation
calculations. Take the huge graphic potential of the new IT tools, which make it possible to
visualise physical objects with the utmost realism. From the evaluation of the styling to verification
of layouts and access to components, virtualisation of the assembly line and immersive verification
of physical and cognitive ergonomics: all the systems on the vehicle and the plant necessary to
produce it can be 'seen' by specialists exactly as they are in reality, immediately after they have
been drawn by the designer.
       That is not all. The development process is backed up by powerful planning, checking,
technical data filing and monitoring systems. The integration and close connection between the
system that established a single BoM for engineering and manufacturing, known as CAD/CAE
PDM, the archive of standards and the unified system of product objectives and the authorisations,
both physical and virtual, that constitute a 'backbone' for the management of information that is
practically unique in the automotive world. These systems are constantly updated in real time and
available both to suppliers and, obviously, to all the Fiat Auto design centres all over the world.
       But we must not forget that to achieve a quality product like the Fiat Bravo, state-of-the-art
CAE methodologies must be adopted at all stages of its development. To do this, the company has
relied on the collaboration of its best suppliers, and has created its own model which programmes
all the stages organically: from the initial scenario, through the strategic configuration, innovation,
standardisation and analysis of the initiative, right down to final technical and technological
development, the integration of suppliers, final quality verification and manufacturing build-up.


From styling to 'perceived quality': how the entire process is organised


       As soon as the styling starts to take on a possible configuration, the feasibility of the
individual parts is verified virtually, and the aerodynamic behaviour of the shapes of the vehicle are
assessed; then preliminary ergonomic checks are performed on the first styling proposals. In the
meantime, the styling and the virtual checks consolidate the choice of the definitive model,
triggering the real design process. The skeleton takes shape, and work can begin on the shape of
the bodyshell. Today, Fiat Auto’s CAD designers are in a position, when necessary, to perform the
first static verification on the most crucial CAD parts using calculation tools that are totally
incorporated into their CAD environment, simply and rapidly. The most detailed, complex
calculations are performed by specialists, but even their work has been simplified, because they
have direct access to CAD mathematical calculations through the company database which
includes the drawings of all our models.
       The DMU, the digital mock-up of the assembly of all vehicle components, is integrated into
the database, which makes it possible to verify their layout, ease of assem bly and access for
service, even using totally immersive virtual reality techniques. As soon as the 'body in white' has
been completed designers receive immediate feedback from the ergonomists, who verify the
visibility zones and reflections by calculation, to correct the design of the space, the interior
systems (seats, facia, etc.), the primary and secondary controls, the mobile parts and the
communications interfaces. At the same time, the first vehicle dynamic calculations begin, as does
verification of the mechanical components. Specific simulation models have been developed in the
field of Handling and Ride Comfort, that include all the controlled active systems that are present
today, from ABS to stability control.
       The bearing structure of the early stages of technical development is based on milestones
of the CAD drawings present in the database. The virtual structural verification of the safety, rigidity
and fatigue resistance aspects gets underway from a very clear level of maturity. In the safety field,
Fiat Auto applies the latest methodologies to simulate the effects of impact on the structure, on the
human body and on pedestrians, including simulation of the activation and control of the active
restraint systems. These include crash and biomechanical methodologies, to ensure that the
passenger compartment cell protects occupants and that the front of the vehicle is compatible with
vulnerable subjects (pedestrians, cyclists, etc.), respecting current and future legislation. This
means that it is possible to verify the objectives set by the initial project much earlier using virtual
methods than would be possible with real simulation, using prototypes.
       All the other performance parameters are approached in a similar manner: fatigue,
acoustics, climate, performance and consumption. For example, CAE methodologies have been
applied throughout the development of the chassis, with particular reference to the performance
targets for both fatigue resistance and NVH (Noise-Vibration-Harshness) quality. First of all, the
fatigue resistance of the chassis was developed and approved by calculation, using FEM methods
to virtually simulate typical missions that generate fatigue, a system already in use for bench
testing. Good consistency has been achieved between the calculation and the experimentation,
thanks above all to the integration of multi-body calculation methodologies (dynamic simulation of
the vehicle during its mission) and FEM calculation methodologies (structural calculation of stress
and fatigue damage).
       Even the smallest details linked to quality are carefully analysed and calculated. Design of
Experiments techniques are used to explore all the possible cases related to manufacturing
variables (geometries, material characteristics, coupling, etc.) in order to ascertain that there is no
anomalous behaviour (bangs, squeaks, creaks, etc). Virtual approval activities related to steering-
wheel vibration (crossbeam and column), engine noise (structural measures at the anchorage
points) and advancement noise (suspension blocks and bushes) are all part of this process.
       The end result of the entire development process is the Fiat Bravo, a top quality car that is
absolutely innovative, created in record time, and the fruit of expertise that is unique in the
automotive world.


A project that refutes two myths regarding virtual verification


       Until now, it was widely thought that virtual verification could not completely replace the
tests on physical prototypes used to reach the final approval of a project. At most, people
recognised that virtual verification eliminated a few experimental cycles on the first mock-ups,
which were known to be of little significance, and that they could be useful during fine-tuning and
problem solving. Which is why, even with significant disadvantages (slowness, high costs, need for
test tracks and laboratories), physical prototypes continue to be used, even when they were
obsolete with respect to the stage of development of the project. This was certainly the case at
Fiat. Until the Bravo.
       But now a new approach to design was needed, to cut time and costs, while respecting the
demands of an innovative, top quality project like that of the Bravo. So, taking into consideration
the increase in hardware performance which has stimulated the growth of increasingly
sophisticated calculation applications, the team used the latest resources in this field, drawing on
the expertise gained in this field by Fiat Auto in years of experience, also verified outside the
automotive field. The Bravo was the first car to be developed adopting exclusively virtual
verification systems.
       Another myth was that virtual verification could at most replace the corresponding physical
experiments; in actual fact there is more to it than that. Virtualisation of the vehicle creates a
practically infinite number of prototypes which can be subjected to a practically unlimited number of
tests. This also makes it possible to apply the most advanced statistical methodologies in the field
of optimisation and 'robust design'. It means that Fiat Bravo has been subjected, virtually, to many
more tests than would have been possible using traditional methods and physical prototypes; plus
the fact that with these tests it is possible to measure a quantity of information that cannot normally
be managed by classic experimental measurements. In practice, the construction of the
mathematical models and their interactive use, allows the Fiat Auto engineers to acquire much
more detailed understanding of the vehicle than in the past, and to explore its behaviour in the
tiniest detail. The project is therefore 'optimised' (i.e. with greater quality, obtained with less trouble
and cost) as well as 'robust' (the end product will be more insensitive to the inevitable
manufacturing deviance and changes over the years of its use by the customer).
Class-beating safety

       Fifteen thousand hours of calculation, 60 crash tests, one hundred and fifty simulation
cycles with a HyGe sled, and one hundred tests on components and subsystems. These figures
underline the company’s commitment to making the Bravo one of the safest cars around, not only
in its segment but on the entire car market, because the model is state-of-the-art where passive
safety systems are concerned.
       Total protection, in other words, which starts with the devices that are dedicated specifically
to safety: as many as 7 airbags, three-point seat-belts with pre-tensioners and load limiters, five
head-restraints and the FPS fire prevention device. Then the new chassis, which was designed to
absorb any impact very effectively. And finally, the contribution made to the protection of occupants
by the bodywork, the bonnet, doors and facia crossbeam. Nor can we overlook the contribution
made to passive safety by other elements such as the seats or the steering column, which were
designed taking their behaviour in an accident into consideration.


The Air-Bag Smart 2 system


       Complete protection, intelligent protection. In a head-on impact, occupants are protected by
an innovative restraint system known as 'Air-Bag Smart 2', because it automatically adapts the
activation parameters to the severity of the accident. Starting from the driver’s front airbag, which
adopts a different logic from conventional airbags. Until now, when the airbags were activated, they
inflated simultaneously up to their maximum limit, which was established to safeguard occupants
during severe impacts. The Fiat Bravo, on the other hand, adopts a driver’s front airbag with dual-
stage activation; this means that the system only activates the first of the two stages when the
impact is of moderate strength, but activates both in the event of a more serious collision. The two
stages can also be activated with different sequences depending on the type of im pact. In any
case, the bridles inside the bags guarantee that the maximum dimensions and the shape taken by
the cushions are as non-invasive as possible for passengers. The front passenger airbag can
obviously be de-activated (using the menu on the control panel), to carry a child in a safety seat
facing backwards on the front seat (the pre-tensioner on the other hand remains active).
       The sensors of the 'Air-Bag Smart 2' system also control the activation of the seat-belt pre-
tensioners. The Bravo is fitted with front seat-belts that are each complete with an inertia reel, pre-
tensioner and load limiter. On impact, the electronically controlled pyrotechnic pre-tensioner
retracts the belt in a few milliseconds, so that it adheres perfectly to the body. The load limiters are
positioned inside the inertia reels, and they yield in a controlled manner, metering the force
exercised by the belt on the shoulder of the person wearing it. And finally, the front protection
system of the Bravo offers the option of an airbag under the steering column, to render this area,
traditionally the most dangerous for the knees, inoffensive.


The control unit and the sensors


       The Fiat Bravo is fitted with all the most advanced passive safety devices available today. A
sophisticated 'nervous system' has been developed to manage them, governed by an electronic
control unit in the front tunnel. This system receives the signals from the various sensors
positioned around the car (in addition to those inside the system itself), and on the basis of these
signals decides how many and which devices to activate. This is why the system behaves in an
'intelligent' manner. It is not activated when, in spite of an impact, there is no danger that an
occupant will collide with the surfaces of the car. It recognises stress that does not derive from a
collision, and continues to function even if there is an electrical blackout. This is all made possible
by particularly sophisticated functioning logics and detection terminals. Such as the CSA (Crash
Severity Algorithm), which recognises the severity of an impact and controls the front airbags, or
the sensor that detects the presence of a passenger, and can warn the occupant to fasten his seat-
belt, by a beeper or a telltale on the instrument panel. Or the ECS (Early Crash Sensor), the
decentralised sensor that measures head-on impact, an additional device positioned in the front of
the car, that enables the control unit to anticipate the activation of the front airbags; this allows the
airbag to be completely inflated before the occupant has even begun to move forward towards the
steering wheel or facia, unlike a conventional system.


Curtain-bags and sidebags


       The former are airbags that descend down the windows to protect occupants’ heads in the
event of a side-on collision. The curtain-bags adopted on the Bravo are more protective than other
systems (because they always take up the correct position), faster to inflate and less invasive for
passengers. They open from the top down and there is no risk of their causing secondary injury to
the occupants’ arms with their movement.
       They also effectively protect the heads of both front and rear passengers, because they
extend the whole length of the side windows, protecting occupants even if the car overturns. The
two bags (one on each side) are positioned under the longitudinals of the roof, folded inside a
closed compartment. At the appropriate moment, the cover bends to allow the bags to inflate and
to descend.
       And finally, to protect the pelvis and chest of passengers even if they hit the sides of the
car, the Fiat Bravo also fits sidebags inside the seat squabs, where they protect the occupants
best, regardless of the latter’s stature or position, or how the seat is regulated.
More stringent tests for total protection


       The experts at the Fiat Safety Centre at Orbassano (outside Turin) subjected the Fiat Bravo
to all possible types of high speed collisions in order to verify the effectiveness of the integrated
protection system developed for the new model on the spot. They then analysed the results on the
basis of the structural and biomechanical parameters envisaged by some of the world’s most
stringent legislation. The following results were obtained.


Head-on impact
       The Fiat Bravo achieved excellent results in two different types of tests. The first was
performed at a speed of 64 km/h against a deforming barrier which simulates a head-on impact
between two cars; the second envisages a crash at 56 km/h against a fixed, rigid barrier. Thanks to
the robust structural architecture and the use of highly energy-absorbing materials, the intrusion
levels measured on the Bravo during these tests were very low and allowed all the doors to open,
without generating significant inertia stress on occupants, because this was efficiently absorbed by
the Smart Air-Bag system. And finally, in the case of head-on impact, the items carried in the
Bravo’s luggage compartment do not hit passengers.


Side-on impact
       Two tests recognised internationally bear witness to the new model’s ability to guarantee
the safety of front and rear passengers, even in the event of a high speed side-on collision. The
first is 'Impact against a deforming barrier'; the Bravo reacts superbly to this test, which simulates a
collision at 50 km/h between two vehicles at a 90° angle, thanks to the protection offered to the
pelvic area by the robust bodyshell structure, to the abdomen and chest by the combined action of
the sidebags and door panels, and to the head by the curtain-bags. The second test is 'Side-on
impact against a pole', one of the most dangerous for motorists.


Rear impact
       During rear impact tests, attention is focused, in structural terms, on containing the
deformation of the passenger compartment and on preventing any damage to the fuel tank, which
could cause a fire. What is more, from a bio-mechanical viewpoint, efforts are concentrated on
guaranteeing that the seats support the occupant well without collapsing, and on minimising any
injury, particularly to the neck and head, which are usually the most vulnerable parts of the body.


Protection of pedestrians
       The styling of the front part of the Fiat Bravo was developed bearing the protection of
pedestrians in mind. The volumes are smooth and rounded, and there are no sharp edges that
could injure pedestrians. The large surface of the bonnet minimises the risk that a pedestrian’s
could hit the front uprights. The sturdiest components in the engine bay are positioned at a suitable
distance from the bonnet, to allow the 'skin' of the bonnet to absorb the energy deriving from
impact with a pedestrian’s head.


Protection of children
        The new model also features all the devices that guarantee absolute safety for children
travelling in the car. The most important, and most effective, of these are the Isofix attachments on
the rear seats, and the de-activation of the front passenger airbag by the onboard computer.


Protection against fire
        From the bodyshell down to the smallest component, the Fiat Bravo was designed and built
to meet Fiat’s latest, and strictest, internal fire prevention standards. For example, the Fire
Prevention System which instantly cuts off the electric pump on petrol-engined cars and the fuel
supply solenoid on diesel models, in the event of serious impacts. The switch is positioned under
the lining of the right front door pillar, while the plastic fuel tank, which already meets future
legislative requirements, is positioned where it is protected in a collision, and built to resist
deformation with no loss of fuel.


Active safety


        The Fiat Bravo adopts the most sophisticated electronic systems to control the vehicle’s
dynamic behaviour, which are implemented to raise the dynamic limits even higher, so that they
enhance safety but are not intrusive for the driver. The intervention of these devices is the result of
simulation and specific tests on the test track, to ensure that they do not detract from the pleasure
of driving. A description of the lavish equipment follows.


Braking system and large tyres
        In line with its high active safety targets, the Fiat Bravo is equipped with extremely efficient,
highly adaptable braking systems. To start with, the braking system is hydraulic, with servo assist,
and features 2 cross-over independent circuits (each circuit acts on one front wheel and the
opposite rear wheel) to guarantee braking and stability even if one circuit should fail. All the
versions in the range are fitted with ventilated disc brakes at the front, and with solid discs on the
rear wheels, which vary with the engine, to reflect the different weight and power. For example, for
the 1.4 16 valve engine, ventilated discs with a diameter of 257 x 22 mm are fitted, and rear discs
with a diameter of 251 x 10 mm. The version powered by the 120 bhp 1.9 Multijet adopts 284 x 22
mm ventilated discs and solid discs of 251 x 10 mm. And finally, the 150 bhp 1.9 Multijet engine fits
281 x 26 mm ventilated discs and solid discs of 251 x 10 mm.
       To achieve the best compromise between handling and comfort, the Fiat Bravo fits large
tyres that optimise the car’s performance, particularly in terms of roadholding, safety and comfort
on the road. The tyres chosen (depending on the outfit) are: 205/55 R16, 225/45 R17 and 225/40
R18.


ABS complete with EBD (Electronic Brake force Distribution)
       In addition to its excellent braking system, the Bravo is also equipped with one of the most
advanced ABS anti-lock braking systems on the market. It includes a hydraulic control unit with 8
solenoids, 4 active sensors and 4 channels with EBD electronic brake force distribution. The latter
distributes the braking force over the four wheels to prevent them from locking, guaranteeing
complete control of the car in all conditions. The system also adapts automatically to the grip
conditions of the wheels and the efficiency of the brake pads, preventing the latter from
overheating.


ESP (Electronic Stability Program)
       The sophisticated ESP system cuts in when conditions are close to the limit, when the car’s
stability is at risk, to help the driver to control the vehicle. To do so, ESP constantly verifies how the
tyres grip the ground, longitudinally and laterally, and if the car does skid, it cuts in to recover the
trajectory and the stability of the set-up. It incorporates sensors that measure the vehicle’s rotation
around its vertical axis (yaw speed), the lateral acceleration and the steering angle set by the driver
(which indicates his chosen direction). It then compares these data with the parameters processed
by a computer and uses a complex mathematical model to establish whether the car is taking a
bend within grip limits, or whether the front or rear are about to veer (understeer or oversteer). To
bring it back to the correct trajectory, the system generates a yaw moment opposite to the one that
caused the instability, singly braking the appropriate wheel (nearside or offside), and reducing
engine power by adjusting the throttle valve. This is where the system developed for the Fiat Bravo
differs from other systems. Its intervention on the brakes is modulated to be as gentle as possible
(therefore without disturbing driving), and the reduction in engine power is limited, to guarantee
excellent performance and enjoyable driving at all times. ESP is always engaged.


Hill Holder - HBA
       The Hill Holder, which is an integral part of the ESP system, helps the driver during hill
starts. It cuts in when the ESP control unit perceives a difference in the inclination of the car
through a longitudinal acceleration sensor. During a hill start, the control unit prepares to cut in
when first speed is engaged and the brake and clutch pedals are depressed. The pressure on the
front brake callipers is maintained for about 1.5 seconds after the driver removes his foot from the
brake pedal, allowing him to set off without difficulty. The Hill Holder is not activated when the car
is started downhill in first gear. The same occurs when reverse is engaged: the system is activated
for downhill starts, and it is not activated for uphill starts.
        And finally, there is the option of HBA, electro-hydraulic brake assistance, which
automatically increases the pressure on the braking circuit during panic braking.


ASR (Anti Slip Regulation)
        Another integral element of the ESP system is the ASR (Anti Slip Regulation) system,
which optimises traction at all speeds, using the brakes and engine management.
        Based on the number of wheel revs calculated by the ABS sensors, the device calculates
the degree of slipping and activates two different control systems to recover grip. When an
excessive demand for power causes both drive wheels to slip (for example when aquaplaning or
accelerating on an uneven, snow-covered or icy road surface), the system reduces engine torque
by decreasing the throttle valve aperture and thus the air flow. If only one wheel slips (for example
the wheel inside a bend following acceleration or dynamic changes to the load), this is
automatically braked without the driver having to press the brake pedal. This obtains an effect
similar to that of a self-locking differential, enabling the Bravo to tackle road surfaces with poor grip
without difficulty.
        ASR is engaged automatically every time the engine is started, but can be excluded by a
switch on the centre console. It is only necessary to de-activate ASR when fitting snow chains,
because in order to transmit torque to the ground, the wheel has to be able to 'pile up' snow with
small slips that the ASR system tends to avoid.


MSR (Motor Schleppmoment Regelung)
        This device, also an integral part of the ASR system, cuts in when there is a sudden change
of gear when changing down, to return torque to the engine and prevent excessive dragging of the
drive wheels, which could cause the car to lose stability when grip is poor.
Engines and gearboxes:
extremely enjoyable to drive
       Behind its distinctive styling, the Fiat Bravo offers a comprehensive range of excellent
engines that feature state-of-the-art engineering and generous performance. The range comprises
two Multijet turbodiesel engines (1.9 8v delivering 120 and 1.9 16v delivering 150 bhp) and three
petrol engines: a 90 bhp 1.4 16v, and two 1.4 16v turbocharged engines from the new T-JET
family, delivering 120 and 150 bhp (which will be available after the launch). Each engine offers
different advantages, all of which are exploited in full by being combined with 5 or 6-speed
gearboxes, and they stand out for their generosity, their sparkling temperament or their outstanding
performance and sophisticated technology. But all the engines are extremely reliable and
environment-friendly.
       All the engines mounted on the Bravo are manufactured by Fiat Powertrain Technologies,
the Group’s new sector. FPT draws together all the activities in the fields of innovation, research,
design and manufacture related to engines and gearboxes for all types of applications: from cars to
commercial vehicles, boats and agricultural machinery. With approximately 19,000 employees, 17
plants and 10 research centres in eight different countries, the Sector is one of the world’s most
important organisations in its field. At FPT, approximately 3000 highly specialised technicians
focus on the development and engineering of innovative technologies. More than 40 patents are
filed each year, confirming the quality and seriousness of this commitment, and making Fiat a huge
center of technological excellence and constant innovation.



Powerful, smooth engines

The new T-JET family
       A new family of turbocharged petrol engines, known as the T-JET, will make its debut on
the Bravo soon after the launch, featuring outstanding performance, prompt response to the
accelerator, low consumption, constructional simplicity, sturdiness and reliability. The new 1.4 16v
turbo engine will be available in two versions: the first is more sporty, delivering a maximum of 110
kW (150 bhp) at 5500 rpm, while the second is more of a 'tourer', and delivers 90 kW (120 bhp) at
5000 rpm. Both offer a peak torque of 206 Nm (at 2000 rpm on the 110 kW, and at 1750 rpm on
the 90 kW), but 230 Nm (at 3000 rpm on the 110 kW) is available, simply by pressing a key on the
facia (the SPORT 150 bhp version). The engine is very elastic, requiring fewer gear changes, for
an enjoyable, relaxed driving style, but it will respond assertively if the driver puts his foot down.
This is one effect of the low inertia of the turboblower, which makes it possible to obtain top
performance by acting on the accelerator, with none of the annoying delays typical of this type of
engine. The result is outstanding sportiness combined with fuel economy.
       The outstanding reliability of the engines is guaranteed by the hundreds of thousands of
kilometres driven by prototypes during the development stage, in addition to thousands of hours of
static and dynamic tests on the bench. The first maintenance is programmed after 30,000 km, and
there is no need for any intermediate servicing. The oil/water heat exchange guarantees these
results. The oil filter is of the environment-friendly type.
       The computerised engine control system manages all functions using sophisticated
calculation algorithms. The accelerator control is of the 'drive-by-wire' type, without mechanical
connections, so that the driver can obtain the relaxed or sporty response he wants from the engine,
without wasting energy.
       These excellent results have been obtained by painstaking design and development of all
the engine components, demanding over 120,000 hours of activity. State-of-the-art computer-
assisted design and calculation systems were used, making it possible to simulate the greatest
stress caused by the turboblower. All the major components have been re-designed, so that we
could describe the engine as completely new. Particular attention was paid to fluid dynamics and
combustion, to minimise energy losses and to obtain top performance and low consumption, and
the results were guaranteed by sophisticated experimental analysis.


The 90 bhp Fire 1.4 16v engine


       This engine is a member of the Fire family, and it has a capacity of 1368 cc, and 4 cylinders
in line with a bore of 72 mm and stroke of 84 mm. There are four valves per cylinder, activated
directly by 2 overhead camshafts. The engine was developed paying particular attention to
performance and to fuel economy, two areas in which the Fiat Bravo leads its class. The merit
goes to the volumetric efficiency which has been optimised all through the operating range, thanks
to a specific fluid-dynamic development of the entire intake system and the timing. The engine
delivers 90 bhp (66 kW at 5500 rpm) and peak torque of 128 Nm (13 kgm at 4500 rpm). With this
engine, the Bravo has a top speed of 179 km/h, and accelerates from 0 to 100 km/h in 12.5
seconds. Sparkling performance, in spite of low consumption: 8.7 l/100 km in the urban cycle, 5.6
l/100 km out of town and 6.7 l/100 km in the combined cycle.
       A sparkling engine that is sparing on fuel. This has been achieved thanks to the adoption of
a throttle valve control system known as 'drive by wire'. The 90 bhp 1.4 engine also adopts a new,
'torque-based' engine control unit, which is the state of the art in this field. Its most interesting
feature is that it activates all devices through a single coordinator block, whose basic parameter is
the torque demanded by the driver when he puts his foot on the accelerator. Translated into a
physical torque value, the various demands (including those of the external systems such as ABS)
can be coordinated even before the main engine control parameters have been converted
(advance, throttle valve position, injection time, etc.) with the enormous advantage of being able to
generate them with great precision and in a very short time. This system exploits a single
communications standard between the various systems and functions, whose common 'language'
is the engine torque. This makes for a level of driveability superior to that available from current
systems, while also reducing polluting emissions.
       Other features peculiar to the new 90 bhp 1.4 16v Fire are the optimisation of the
compression ratio and the high torque values at low speeds, characteristics that make it possible to
limit fuel consumption. This target has also been reached thanks to the calibration of the latest
generation engine control unit, which keeps fuel consumption very low, compatible with the
requirements of driveability, performance and emissions. A catalytic converter positioned in the
engine bay (and welded to the exhaust manifold flange using a new technology) reaches very high
temperatures very fast, thus reducing emissions even while the engine is warming up. To minimise
the environmental impact, the engine also incorporates a returnless fuel supply system, which
eliminates fuel recirculation within the tank, thus reducing vapour formation.
       High performance, sparing on fuel and clean: to these winning features the 90 bhp 1.4 16v
Fire engine also adds excellent acoustic comfort.


The 120 bhp and 150 bhp 1.9 Multijet
       Both have 4 cylinders in line, with two valves per cylinder and four valves per cylinder
respectively, a bore of 82 mm and stroke of 90.4 mm; the first delivers 120 bhp (88 kW) at 4000
rpm and torque of 255 Nm at 2000 rpm, while the second delivers 150 bhp (110 kW) at 4000 rpm
and torque of 305 Nm at 2000 rpm. Several changes have been made to the engineering of the
two engines to boost performance and engine torque at low speeds, and to reduce noise and
vibration. For example, the 'Common Rail' system envisages two strategies for automatic control of
the calibration and balancing of the injected diesel fuel, improving acoustic and vibrational comfort.
       Turbocharging is entrusted to a Garrett VGT 17 turbo, with electronic management of the
variable geometry, which improves power delivery while guaranteeing very high torque values
even at low engine speeds. For example, 90% of peak torque is available between 1750 and 3250
rpm. This translates into extremely enjoyable driving and excellent performance. The Fiat Bravo
equipped with the 120 bhp 1.9 Multijet engine has a top speed of 194 km/h and accelerates from 0
to 100 km/h in 10.5 seconds (with the 150 bhp 1.9 Multijet the top speed is 209 km/h, and 0-100
km/h acceleration takes 9 seconds). Brilliant performance in other words, but fuel consum ption
remains low: 6.9 l/100 km in the urban cycle, 4.3 l/100 km out of town and 5.3 l/100 km in the
combined cycle for the 120 bhp Multijet, while the 150 bhp version returns 7.6 l/100 km for the
urban cycle, 4.5 l/100 km out of town and 5.6 l/100 km in the mixed cycle. We should also
underline that the 120 bhp 1.9 Multijet achieves an excellent 139 g/km where emissions are
concerned.
       The second generation turbodiesel engines are still based on the principles of the 'Common
Rail'; i.e. high injection pressure and electronic injector control. But the new generation engines
have an additional feature: during each engine cycle, the number of injections has been increased
from the two that are common today. The same amount of diesel fuel is burned inside the cylinder,
but it is burned in portions, producing smoother combustion. The advantages include quieter
operation, lower emissions and a 6-7% boost in performance accompanied by engine efficiency
that makes the car even easier to drive.
       These results are significant, because they have been achieved on an engine which
represents an incredible leap forward compared to pre-combustion diesels, and even improves on
first generation JTDs.
       The secret of the Multijet lies both in the control unit that governs the electric injector
opening and closing system and the injectors themselves. The crucial element is the electronic
control unit itself, which performs a series of extremely close injections.
       The components (and the injectors) were developed by Fiat’s researchers to do just that; it
delivers the multiple injections that guarantee more precise control of the pressures and
temperatures generated in the combustion chamber, as well as exploiting the air taken into the
cylinders more efficiently. This achieves other goals: lower combustion noise, reduced emissions
and boosted performance.
       The development of the Multijet system is the outcome of years of research. Initially, the
technicians solved the problem of the limits posed by the control units. They then drew a map of
the benefits obtained by plotting different multiple injection sequences (two secondary injections
very close to the main injection, one secondary not too close to the main injection plus two other
close secondaries; one secondary, followed, at a certain interval, by two closely-spaced main
injections, etc.) with the various operating ranges of the engine: idling, with low loads and low rev
speed; with high revs and a moderate load; with low revs and a high load, and so on.
       This analysis revealed the potential of the system, and showed that great benefits are
achievable at all times, though they tend to focus on one field or another, depending on the type of
sequence chosen and the engine service range targeted. In some cases, the priority is to reduce
starting times and fume levels, in others, it is to increase torque and reduce noise, in others still, it
is to reduce emissions and noise levels. Today this research has resulted in the development of
the Multijet engines.
       The two Multijet units are friendly to the environment, incorporating an electronic EGR
system which cools the recirculating exhaust gases, and a 'close-coupled' catalytic converter, as
well as a particulate trap (DPF), a 'for life' system that abates fine dust and is regenerated without
additives. In other words, a long list of improvements and measures to produce a reliable, powerful
engine that is sparing on fuel.
       All the versions have the hydraulic coaxial clutch release mechanism (CSC) developed for
the 1.9 Multijet engine. This device, which does not have external actuators, guarantees greater
efficiency of the system during the life of the car and also makes it possible to isolate the noise and
vibration produced by the engine. Unlike a hose control, this hydraulic system provides for self-
regulation of the worn pedal. The system is also combined with a device that recovers friction plate
wear, which maintains the load of the clutch pedal constant throughout the life of the vehicle. The
optimisation of the components and the use of innovative materials (plastic, aluminium) has made
it possible to reduce the weight by more than 2 kg compared to a conventional hydraulic control.
       And last but not least, in line with European directives to protect the environment, only
environment-friendly friction materials have been used on all versions, whether petrol or diesel.
       Finally, the friction pump body is made of plastic, which also reduces the weight, with a
steel cylinder and a plastic piston. The material for the piston and the rubber sealing rings have
been developed specifically to operate with long strokes, while the seal created by the contact
between rubber and steel is a great improvement on conventional friction pumps which have a cast
iron sealing surface.


Reliable, sophisticated gearboxes


       An innovative model like the Fiat Bravo had to be on the cutting edge where gearboxes are
concerned, because this component has a decisive influence on driving enjoyment and comfort.
The new car offers a choice of two, with two specific variants depending on the engine.
       These are the available combinations:
      with 6 speeds on the 90 bhp petrol-driven 1.4 16v (C514);
      with 5 speeds on the 1.9 Multijet 8v (C530);
      with 6 speeds on the 1.9 Multijet 16v (C530).
   All the gearboxes share the same dual hose external drive, which guarantees precise
manoeuvring, quiet operation and does not transmits mechanical vibration through the control. This
is a new generation external control, technologically advanced thanks to the extensive adoption of
high performance technopolymers, which are used on the basis of different characteristics of
resistance, weight and self-lubricating power.
       Bench testing in extreme climate conditions guided the fine-tuning of the materials,
couplings and processes, and guarantees the 'robustness' and reliability of the product.
        In addition to which, the new drive was designed to guarantee system characteristics,
excellent comfort and manoeuvring. A new distribution of the inertia masses was adopted,
significantly closer to the gearbox, to raise the level of comfort by increased mechanical filtering.
        And huge attention is paid during the assembly of these components to guarantee their
quality and reliability, with pre-testing of every component and electronic measurement of all the
values that define efficiency, elasticity and 'tolerance'.

The 6 speed gearbox for the 90 bhp 1.4 16v
        Enhanced acoustic comfort, reduced engagement effort even when cold and more precise
gear engagement. These are the advantages that the motorist can expect from the C514 gearbox
(transverse configuration with two cascade shafts and differential) on which various improvements
were made to the gear train, synchronisers, lubrication, internal gear control and clutch control,
before being used on the Fiat Bravo.
        The gearbox is available with six speeds for the 90 bhp 1.4 petrol engine, and adopts a
gear control which prevents the involuntary engagement of reverse, thanks to a stroke limiter in the
selector, and guarantees more precise engagement of fifth and sixth. With this configuration, the
gearbox can transmit up to 128 Nm (13 kgm) at 4500 rpm. The technical characteristics worth
highlighting include the gearing housing and clutch housing, both of which have been optimised to
reduce weight and to absorb more noise, using FEM (Finite Element Method) calculation
techniques. But also Borg-Warner free-ring synchronisation on all speeds. And finally, for first and
second, the speeds most used by any motorist, dual cone synchronisers have been fitted, requiring
40% less engagement effort than the conventional single-cone type.
    The internal gear control system offers four levels of selection, with a central positioner fitted
with bearings. Lubrication is dynamic, and the oil flows are channelled through bore holes in the
boxes. The advantages include reduced wear, more efficient torque transmission and better
manoeuvring at low temperatures.


The 5-speed gearbox for the 120 bhp 1.9 Multijet
(6 speeds for the 150 bhp)


        This gearbox is available for the two 1.9 Multijet engines (with 5 speeds for the 120 bhp
version and 6 speeds for the 150 bhp version). It stands out for its configuration – 'two shafts in a
cascade with a differential', and for its excellent manoeuvring and quiet operation. Synchronisation
of all forward speeds is of the Borg-Warner free-ring type, and even reverse is synchronised. What
is more, on first and second, the synchroniser is of the triple cone type, while the synchroniser on
third, fourth, fifth and sixth is of the single-tone type.
       The gearshift incorporates a syringe device on the lever knob that prevents involuntary
engagement of reverse, and the gear control is activated by a double Bowden metal cable system
with an anti-noise device.
       Peak torque of 255 Nm (26 kgm) is already available at 2000 rpm on the 120 bhp 1.9
Multijet version, and 305 Nm (31 kgm) on the 150 bhp 1.9 Multijet engine.
       And finally, clutch control is hydraulic, incorporated into the gearbox with a CSC device so
that it requires less effort to activate, while lubrication is dynamic, guaranteeing less wear, and
highly efficient torque transmission and manoeuvrability even at low temperatures.
Suspension that guarantees excellent handling and
comfort
       One of the goals set by the designers who developed the Bravo was to create a suspension
system that would offer performance comparable with that of a higher class of car. Devices that
guaranteed easy, pinpoint steering, excellent roadholding and the best comfort possible for
passengers. The choice went to two systems that emerged from a project by Magneti Marelli and
had already been used on other Fiat models, suitably modified and updated.
       Compared to the system adopted on the previous segment C Fiat model, a total review of
the geometries brought the following changes:
      Tracks widened by 20 mm and larger tyres (in addition to the consolidated 205/55R16, the
       Bravo is now available with 225/45 tyres on 17” wheels, and 225/40 tyres on 18” wheels).
      Modified suspension geometry, adoption of a new front anti-roll bar and a new tuning of the
       springs and shock absorbers suitable for the new bodyshell, with the best torsional rigidity
       in the segment, new oversized right-angled lower links designed to separate the effect of
       the braking loads from the cornering loads to guarantee the best balance in all driving
       conditions. In addition to which, in spite of the wider track, the front geometry design
       combined with the stroke of the steering boxes also made it possible to contain the car’s
       turning circle: 10.5 m between kerbs and 11 m between walls (values that are the best in
       the segment).
      Rear suspension with interconnected semi-independent wheels and a torsion axle created
       with a new stiffer anti-roll bar to increase structural rigidity and to maintain good suspension
       flexibility under load, thanks to a reinforced hydraulic bushing to connect the rear axle to the
       bodyshell. The suspension design also resulted in new springs, dampers and buffers, in
       order to adapt to the bodyshell and to improve the dynamic response on corners.
      Particular attention went into the design of the components that could affect comfort in the
       car, adopting solutions typical of higher segment cars, such as a 'dual-path' strut mount at
       the front and a vertical shock absorber at the rear. These measures made it possible to limit
       the effect of the vibration generated by the road surface, without altering the structural
       rigidity or detracting from steering precision.
      To increase stability on corners, the new car adopts dampers with a 22 mm shaft on the
       Multijet versions (20 mm on the 1.4 petrol engined versions) and a stiffened reinforced
       hollow bar that also reduces the weight.
      Increase in the structural rigidity of the front suspension anchorage crossbeam to improve
       acoustic and vibrational comfort and to improve handling.
      And finally, the track of the front and rear suspension was widened, both to adapt it to the
       larger exterior measurements of the new model and to improve driving stability.
Front


        The Fiat Bravo adopts an independent layout in which the shock absorbers and springs act
as both damping and elastic elements and as structural and kinematic elements. The main
components of this layout are the twin-shell wishbones made of pressed sheet metal and not cast
iron, which means a significant weight reduction. The new model also introduces some extremely
interesting solutions:
       Front suspension crossbeam with great structural rigidity, with a transverse connecting
        'strap' close to the front strut attachments.
       'Dual-path' strut blocks to improve filtering of road vibration, while guaranteeing excellent
        structural rigidity, and enhancing steering precision.
       Stiffened anti-roll bar to limit vehicle rolling, with shock absorber anchorage rods which
        boost the stabilising efficiency and improve the promptness of the dynamic response when
        cornering.
       New stiffer coil springs made with the 'side-load' technique that optimise the thrust axis so
        as to reduce the tangential forces on the damper shaft and therefore the internal friction
        (system hysteresis), which improves absorption of minor road roughness.
       To raise lateral rigidity and improve handling on corners, the new model fits dual-rate
        telescopic dampers with a shaft diameter of 22 mm on the Multijet versions and of 20 mm
        on versions with the 1.4 petrol engine.
       And finally, bodyshell stiffening has been increased and the upper anchorage to the
        bodyshell has been redesigned, increasing the rigidity and the caster angle, which in turn
        enhances steering precision and comfort.


Rear


        The Fiat Bravo fits an optimised semi-independent system with interconnected wheels and
a torsion axle. The new hollow anti-roll bar has been made 40% stiffer in order to achieve a 40%
anti-roll stabilising effect, improving steering precision and roadholding. The soundproofing of the
vertical dampers, which are attached to the bodyshell in the wheelarches, has been improved, to
filter road roughness better, enhancing acoustic comfort in the passenger compartment.
        And finally, the structure of the rear axle comprises lateral arms pressed in two semi-shells,
which are welded to a lateral torsion profile, and the new anti-roll bar that passes inside the
crossbeam and is welded to the struts. The rear axle attachment bushings are hydraulic to
guarantee better longitudinal absorption and comfort than the rubber-metal type, with improved
shoulders and reinforcement.
The quality of life on board


       Motorists have come to expect not only an enjoyable drive but also well -being on board
from any Fiat model. This means surrounding the driver and passengers with technologies that
guarantee the highest levels of acoustic and climatic comfort. The result is a muted, enveloping
interior environment, free from vibration thanks to the car’s excellent soundproofing and the high
torsional and flexural rigidity of the bodyshell. There is more: the Fiat Bravo proposes new versions
of the Blue&Me™ system and CONNECT Nav Plus, both developed by Magneti Marelli; dual-zone
automatic climate control, two audio systems (Hi-Fi and Hi-Fi Sound System); comfortable,
functional seats; and a large opening sunroof. It is clear that the model fears no rivals where
comfort is concerned. And the Bravo offers the best equipment available in the field of automatic
systems that reduce driving stress, like Cruise Control, a rain sensor and a parking sensor. And
last but not least, the new model offers a tyre pressure sensor and numerous other features that
make travelling in the Bravo an extremely comfortable experience.


NVH (Noise-Vibration-Harshness) comfort


       The Fiat Bravo has achieved an outstanding level of comfort, which translates into quiet
driving and an absence of vibration. Quietness on a car is expressed by the articulation index,
which is an excellent 66% on the new model, at a speed of 120 km/h. This has been made
possible both by the usual soundproofing packages and by the extensive use of expansible
diaphragms (positioned inside the boxed elements to prevent noise from propagating inside, and to
isolate the passenger compartment from the outside world). Vibration has been contained by
building an extremely rigid bodyshell structure. In terms of flexural rigidity, an excellent value of
960 daN/mm has been achieved, while torsional rigidity is 121,800 daNm/rad. Particular attention
was also addressed to the local attachment rigidity of all the mechanical organs and the
suspension, which was designed to achieve the best possible result in terms of handling and
comfort on the road, in all driving conditions.


Climate control


       The climate inside the car is one of the main factors of comfort during a journey, and it is
also important for preventive safety, because temperature, humidity and ventilation affect the
driver’s well-being and therefore his attention level. Nor can we forget that the heating and
ventilation system is also responsible for demisting the windscreen and side windows. The new
model offers a choice of three climate systems: a conventional heater, a manual climate unit and
an automatic dual-zone climate system. The latter incorporates a control unit that automatically
controls the temperature, air flow, air distribution, and activation of the compressor and the
recirculation function. The system also adopts an 'equivalent temperature' climate control strategy.
A number of sensors measure the indoor and outdoor temperatures, and assess the sensation of
thermal well-being perceived by the passenger, i.e. the energy exchange between the human body
and the passenger compartment, which is influenced by the humidity, temperature and treated air
flow. Another sensor, positioned centrally at the base of the windscreen, measures the solar
radiation in the vehicle and the slope with which the rays hit the passenger compartment. This
makes it possible to envisage any excessive increase in temperature inside the car caused by the
rays of the sun, and to predispose the climate unit in time. The dual-zone system also allows
occupants to set two different temperatures and air flows, on the left and the right sides of the
passenger compartment.



Panoramic sunroof


       Life on board the Fiat Bravo is made more enjoyable by a large sunroof (approximately 1.24
sq m, or 77% of the total surface). It is made of two glass panels, a fixed panel at the rear, and a
front panel that opens electrically, and two sunshades inside that slide towards the rear of the car.
       The panoramic sunroof modifies occupants’ relationship with the surrounding environment,
letting them enjoy all the luminosity and sense of freedom provided by the large glazed surface. To
give more light to the interior, it is possible to open the sunshade and leave the window itself
closed. To travel in the 'open air', it takes a flick of the switch and just seven seconds to open the
front glazed panel and the sunshade, and enjoy a 'window onto the sky'.


The radio and Hi-Fi system


       The audio system on the new model is particularly interesting, with the option of two radios
and two audio systems (Hi-Fi and Hi-Fi Sound System). The systems share the same painstaking
attention to the specifications and distribution of the speakers (which feature Water Resistano
technology), designed and calibrated for the passenger compartment. The first system, with a
power output of 40 W, includes two tweeters positioned close to the door handles, two woofers in
the front doors and two full range in the rear side panels. The second level Hi-Fi Sound System
has the same equipment, plus two additional tweeters and a subwoofer (260 W bass-reflex
amplification) in the luggage compartment, which creates a warmer, more enjoyable sound.
        There is a choice of two radios (with a CD player or a CD and MP3 file player) which are
incorporated ergonomically into the design of the dashboard. They are positioned in the upper part
of the facia (the best position for the driver) where they are easily reached by the passenger, but
can also be managed by the controls on the steering wheel. Both units have a Polished Black trim
and grey keys, and include RDS (Radio Data System), TA (traffic news), and PTY functions (the
code with which radio stations indicate the type of music they broadcast, allowing the radio to
automatically select only the type of music preferred by the listener). Every time the radio is turned
on, it restores the settings in place when it was turned off, while another device automatically
corrects equalisation on the basis of the vehicle speed.
        The customer can also choose between the 'pre-set equalised effects', or carry out and
memorise a personal setting of the sound parameters. A 10-CD changer is also available from
Lineaccessori, which fits into the luggage compartment and is managed by the radio controls.


Blue&Me™: communicating and travelling without borders


    One year after its launch, the Blue&Me™ system is enjoying huge commercial success: it is
requested by 20% of purchasers of Fiat Auto models. That is not all. The sophisticated device has
also received a number of prestigious international awards:
       from 'Frost & Sullivan', the 'Excellence in Technology of the Year Award for European
        Automotive Telematics and Infotainment market' (January 19, 2006);
       'Telematic Update of Detroit' awarded it the prize for the best telematic solution of the year
        (May 23, 2006);
       'Automotive News Europe' awarded the 'Eurostats 2006' prize to Giuseppe Bonollo, Vice
        President Product Portfolio Management, for the success of the system installed in Fiat
        Group cars (August 22, 2006).
    Today, to mark the debut of the Fiat Bravo, Blue&Me™ takes another step forward, offering
the new Blue&Me™ Nav version. In addition to the version marketed until now (hands-free with
Bluetooth® interface and advanced voice recognition – USB port, MP3 player and SMS text
interpreter), the new Fiat model will offer a new version that incorporates the convenience of a
navigator, at an extremely competitive price.
In future, Blue&Me Nav will also activate additional telematic services such as SOS and Concierge,
and insurance services.
    Blue&Me™ Nav offers a simple, intuitive pictogram navigation system that features an
innovative method of introducing the destination using voice controls.
    The destination is located in real time: the map of the country is memorised on the USB pen
drive, and this makes access to the data faster and quieter than when a CD is used.
       And with Blue&Me™ Nav, all the functions are built in, and the telephone, music and
navigation information is available on the instrument panel. What is more, as he navigates, the
driver can listen to his favourite music, which he has memorised, together with the map, on the
same USB pen drive or media player, or make a telephone call using the hands-free device.


All the strong points of the system


       Blue&Me™ was developed in 3 years by Fiat Auto and Microsoft. The partnership was
ratified in June 2004, with the long-term goal of designing innovative telematic systems for cars,
and it has created a product that has established itself on the market, exploiting perfectly
integrated technology that is in complete harmony with the user, as its name implies.
       Based on the Windows Mobile for Automotive system, this device features an open system
that is always in step with the times, updateable, flexible and modular. With the help of Magneti
Marelli, Fiat Auto and Microsoft offer a platform that adapts to most cell phones, music players and
other personal devices, replacing current expensive, rigid hardware, with the great benefit of being
able to constantly adapt to innovations on the market, remaining perfectly integrated into the car.
All at an accessible price.
       Blue&Me™ is extremely safe and easy to use. The voice control system, which is perfectly
integrated into the controls on the steering wheel and the information on the instrument panel,
allows a customer with a Bluetooth® cell phone to use it even if the phone is in a jacket or bag,
without taking his hands off the wheel. And the advanced voice recognition system allows
immediate interaction, because the voice does not have to be 'learned', even allowing incoming
text messages to be interpreted aloud.
       Occupants can listen to hours and hours of digital music in MP3, WMA and WAV format
recorded on an iPod, a cell phone, an MP3 player or a USB pen drive, by connecting a digital
device to the USB port, which is in an obvious position on the centre console of the Fiat Bravo.
       The customer who purchases the Blue&Me™ Nav system will receive a navigation kit
comprising a USB pen drive with the memorised map, and a back-up CD that can be used to
transfer the map onto a personal MP3 player or iPod.
       The Nav key positioned on the special board on the ceiling, connects directly to the
navigation menu, which can also be accessed via the controls on the steering wheel, or vocally.
The USB key is inserted to start navigating, and the driver uses the keys on the steering wheel to
choose his destination by selecting the initial letters of the address; he can even complete it
vocally.
       Like all other information, the navigation details can be displayed on the control panel:
destination address, pictograms of the directions to follow, information on arrival and the usual
vocal suggestions of the manoeuvres to make, reproduced through the speakers.
       Unlike other navigators, on which it is not possible to navigate and listen to music CDs at
the same time without a CD changer, with Blue&Me™ Nav it is easy to navigate and listen to the
music saved in the media player.
       The navigation program can be used on a personal computer together with the back-up CD,
to save the maps of a number of countries, purchased separately, on the USB pen drive. Then the
driver can select a whole country (for example Italy, France, Germany, etc.), or part of a country
(for example northern/central/southern Italy), or even a region that groups together maps of
different countries (for example northern Italy and Switzerland, Austria and southern Germany).



CONNECT Nav Plus


       On request the Fiat Bravo can be fitted with the CONNECT Nav Plus system, a
sophisticated, latest generation infotelematic system that incorporates a satellite navigator, radio,
CD player, GSM dual-band hands-free telephone, voice controls and the infomobility services.
       Positioned at the centre of the facia, this device has a 6.5” 256-colour TFT active matrix
screen, where the driver can follow the indications regarding the route. CONNECT was designed
to put technology at the service of the driver and to make life on board even more comfortable and
easier during the journey to one’s destination: the driver only has to press the green key to access
the GPS/GSM network and the advantages of satellite communications, dialoguing aloud with an
operator, a personal assistant who is ready to respond to any request for information, in the
driver’s language.
       The various services available include:
       • receiving information about traffic conditions on the Italian motorway and superhighway
network in real time, customised to a particular route or area of interest;
       • requesting the address or telephone number of a private individual or company, from the
Drive Me service. The operator will send the information to the instrument display panel by text
message, after which the destination may be selected by touching a single key, and it is equally
simple and immediate to call the number in the message without having to key it in;
       • a 24-hour online medical consultancy service.


Cruise Control


       The Cruise Control system available on the Fiat Bravo helps the motorist to control the
vehicle speed, enhancing travelling comfort. The device acts directly on the engine throttle,
automatically maintaining the cruising speed set by the driver. It is only necessary to turn the ring
on the special lever positioned to the left of the steering wheel to the 'ON' position, adjusting the
speed using 'plus' (or 'minus'). When the ring is released the car will continue to travel at the
memorised speed without the driver having to touch the accelerator pedal.
       Cruise Control can function over the engine’s entire rpm range, but only at speeds above
40 km/h. So it is advisable to activate it in road conditions that will make it possible to maintain the
memorised value safely.
       If the accelerator pedal is pressed (for example to overtake), Cruise Control is momentarily
over-ridden, but the system remains active. The car will therefore accelerate as requested, but as
soon as the pedal is released, the system will resume the memorised speed. For obvious safety
reasons, the device is automatically de-activated if the driver puts his foot on the brake or clutch
pedal. In this case, the 'RESUME' button on the end of the Cruise Control system control lever
must be pressed to recover the pre-set speed.
       To definitively de-activate Cruise Control and cancel any previous setting, the ring nut must
be turned to the 'OFF' position and the engine turned off. A telltale on the multifunction display
indicates whether the system is operating or de-activated. The ASR system (Anti Slip Regulation)
takes priority over the automatic speed control; if ASR has to intervene, the system will then
resume the set speed.


Parking sensor


       During parking manoeuvres, obstacles behind the car may be outside the driver’s field of
vision, or he may simply not know how much space separates his car from the car parked behind.
In this situation the parking sensor can help; it is activated every tim e reverse is engaged when the
ignition key is in the MAR position.
       The system comprises an electronic control unit with an interface for the CAN network, four
ultrasonic sensors in the rear bumper and a beeper. The four sensors cover both the rear side
areas of the car (from a distance of less than 60 centimetres), and central rear area (from a
distance of less than 150 cm).
       We can see how it functions in detail. The four ultrasonic transducers act as intelligent
transmitters and receivers of impulses. The latter are emitted every time reverse is engaged; if they
meet an obstacle they are reflected and received like an echo by the sensor itself. At this point the
incoming signal is converted into a digital signal and sent to the electronic control unit, which
activates the acoustic alarm. The information is then transmitted to the driver by intermittent beeps,
which become more insistent until the car reaches a distance of 30 centimetres from the obstacle,
when the signal becomes constant.
       The beeping stops if the lateral sensors detect an approaching obstacle for more than three
seconds, so that the system does not continue to beep while parking along a wall parallel to the
vehicle axis. The parking system is also available with eight sensors (the additional four sensors
cover the front end of the Bravo).


Rain sensor


       Good visibility at all times is an important aspect of preventive safety. Which is why the Fiat
Bravo offers a rain sensor, to ensure that the windscreen is always clean, even in bad weather.
The system is applied in the upper part of the passenger compartment, behind the central rearview
mirror, and it automatically activates the windscreen wipers and regulates their frequency
depending on the intensity of the rain. It is activated by moving the right-hand steering wheel stalk
to the first position (intermittency), and its operation is based on the principle of the refraction of
infrared rays through the glass and the drops of water. The optical element of the sensor (lens)
sends an infrared ray to the windscreen, which reflects it and sends it back to the sensor. Because
the luminous energy sent to the windscreen is constant, the value measured on the light received
decreases as the quantity of water and other impurities on the windscreen increases. The variation
in the signal is processed by the electronic element of the sensor, which activates the appropriate
wiper stroke frequency.
       Since the wet surface disturbs the human eye more at night than during the day, the sensor
also regulates the wiper strokes on the basis of ambient light. And it recognises water streaks
caused by worn blades, compensating for the effects of the ageing of the windscreen and
electronics. And in particular situations, it activates special stroke cycles: for example, when there
are only a few drops of rain, or impurities (saline deposits, dirt, etc.), on the windscreen surface.
       The sensitivity of the rain sensor can be modified by adjusting the two-position ring nut on
the right steering wheel stalk. If the engine is stopped with the system engaged, this is
automatically de-activated. When the engine starts again, the system can be re-activated by
moving the stalk to zero and then back to the first position, or by adjusting the sensitivity of the
sensor.
       To indicate that it has been re-activated, the system will perform one stroke of the wipers,
even if the windscreen is dry. After the windscreen washer pump has been used, the sensor is
activated automatically for the time necessary to catch the drops dripping down the glass.


Tyre pressure sensor


       The new Fiat model also includes a tyre pressure sensor, a device that indicates any
anomalies with both an acoustic alarm and an icon on the display. The TPMS (Tyre Pressure
Monitoring System) monitors two conditions: insufficient pressure and a puncture. If one of these
two thresholds is passed, the telltale will light up and a message will appear on the display. And in
the case of a puncture, the instrument panel will also emit an acoustic signal.



'Small' devices for outstanding comfort


       The Fiat Bravo changes the quality of the way we live and travel in a car. Thanks, for
example, to the 'follow me home' system that keeps the headlights on for a moment when you get
out of the car, or the new FIX&GO system to repair punctured tyres, or tinted windows for greater
privacy. The customer can also choose electric rear windows with an anti-pinch device built into
the upper seal of the windows. This device detects the presence of an obstacle between the seal
and the upper edge of the glass and immediately inverts the direction of the window mechanism.
       One of the most interesting features proposed on the new model is the dead-lock, a
technical solution that puts the inside door handle and all the levers connected with the lock, into
neutral. This is an important step forward that protects the car against theft: the dead-lock renders
ineffective any tool used by thieves to force the door or its internal mechanisms. The device must
be activated deliberately (so that no one is locked in the car by mistake). After the first turn of the
key in one of the front doors, or the first impulse of the remote control, a second turn, or a second
impulse, is necessary to engage the dead-lock.
       The Bravo also offers a cargo box which raises the loading floor, making it possible to store
small personal items in the space below, and it also creates a single loading floor, level with the
folded seat. And finally, the entire range is available with the Dualdrive power steering system
which is fitted with two functioning logics and uses the power generated by a small electric motor
instead of that supplied by a hydraulic pump driven directly by the engine. What is more, with the
electric power steering system, the steering response is correlated to the speed of the car: the
higher this is, the lower the level of servo assist and the more effort required to steer, which
guarantees more precise steering. That is not all. This innovative electrical power steering device
offers customers another opportunity: that of choosing between two different calibration programs.
The first, which enhances the understanding between the driver and the car, is ideal on mixed out-
of-town routes. The second, which lightens the steering and therefore requires less effort, is perfect
in town and for parking manoeuvres. The latter is engaged by pressing the 'city' key at the centre
of the facia. But if a driver takes to the motorway and forgets to de-activate the device, it is not a
problem. To guarantee maximum safety at all times, above 30 km/h the two systems provide the
same amount of servo assist, thus ensuring that the steering wheel responds correctly even at high
speeds.
The Piedimonte S. Germano plant


        The plant in Piedimonte S. Germano (Frosinone), where the Bravo is built, is a centre of
excellence among the world’s automotive production plants. In 1972, Fiat chose the site to install a
state-of-the-art manufacturing facility. Since its early years, the plant has played an important role:
it was here that the Robot-gate system was introduced for the first time, before going on to become
the benchmark for automation in car manufacturing plants all over the world. Here Fiat decided to
invest to support the Bravo in technological and qualitative terms, by developing an innovative
manufacturing model for the new car, based on a balanced mix of advanced automation and
human intervention to control the quality that underpins the technology of the new model. Today
the Piedimonte S. Germano plant is on the cutting edge of the world’s car manufacturing facilities.
There are no other plants in Europe that can boast a similar technological or organisational level, in
terms of the manufacturing process and techniques.
        The plant is in central Italy, and it is also in a central position with respect to the other Fiat
Auto manufacturing facilities. It stands in an area of 2,033,072 square metres. The facilities include
a press shop, a panelling area, painting and assembly, and much of the site is occupied by Fiat
Auto suppliers, which are thus fully integrated in the manufacturing process and ready to intervene
directly in the various stages. About 3500 Fiat Auto employees currently work in the plant, with an
average age of 45 years. Working hours are organised in two daily eight-hour shifts, five days a
week. Since it opened in 1972, the plant has turned out numerous important Fiat models (in 2004 it
celebrated car no. 6,000,000 manufactured there), and production today includes the Bravo, the
Croma and the Stilo Multi Wagon. Annual capacity is of over 250,000 cars, with a daily capacity of
about 1000 cars.
        The plant has evolved constantly, and the manufacturing has evolved from conventional
systems to the robot-gate, the high-automation plant and now the new manufacturing model,
known as the 'integrated modular plant' which represents the most advanced structure in world car
production.
        In 2001, the manufacturing process at the plant was completely re-designed, for an
investment of almost Euro 400 million, and this required over one thousand days of training for
personnel at the plant. The transformation that took place was based on the interaction of several
factors:
          complete re-engineering of the manufacturing process;
          re-design of the line from the viewpoint of greater ergonomics;
          a new organisation of activities on the line;
          the digital ETU (Elementary Technology Unit), developed thanks to widespread
           computerisation throughout the manufacturing process.
       These four elements of change played a decisive role in improving the capacity of the
manufacturing process, which translates into greater precision and better product quality.


The re-engineering of the manufacturing process and innovation for quality


   The re-engineering of manufacturing optimised the quality and efficiency of work on the
assembly line. It focused on the panelling and assembly areas in particular, although the
reorganisation regarded the whole process, and every single stage in the process was made more
efficient. A great deal of attention was dedicated to quality checks: along the whole process, each
Bravo undergoes over 200 checks, most of which are electronic.


   1) Panelling. This is an area of crucial importance for the quality of every car, where
       advanced automation is decisive to determine the quality of the product. The technological
       level is evident from the figures: 437 spot welding robots, 18 continuous seam welding
       robots, 916 welding calipers, a total of 280 actions. With the start of manufacture of the
       Bravo, several new innovations were introduced in this area, including 2 new side tacking
       and finishing lines, 6 new robotised islands to produce mobile parts (front and rear side
       doors, bonnets), and five quality areas and three training areas were set up. We should
       also point out that in 2004 about 100 new welding and handling robots from the NH4, H4,
       M1, S2 and X1-500 family were introduced, to join the existing number. They are fitted with
       electric motors and electric welding calipers which give a hotter, cleaner and therefore
       better spot weld. The panelling shop also includes two second generation opto-electronic
       laser checking stations, for the chassis and for the bodyshell. Both adopt the 'single tool'
       system and work on-line. The double check guarantees the perfect geometry of the car’s
       skeleton: the check on the chassis, which precedes that on the bodyshell, is important as it
       guarantees the quality of a part which will incorporate the engineering, so that the precision
       of the shapes and measurements is essential to ensure excellent agility, driveability and
       roadholding.
              To this we must add the innovation of the 'single tool' system, which is a Fiat Auto
       exclusive, and verifies the geometries of the chassis and bodyshell separate from the
       carrier that transports them, so that a possible error in the geometry of the support will not
       influence the laser measurement. This solution is a real element of excellence for the
       manufacturing system of the new model, because it minimises the possibility of an error in
       the laser reading. The 'Open gate' system has replaced the earlier 'Robot-gate',
       guaranteeing more precise preparation and assembly of the sides, and more precise
       welding, because the mechanical arms of the robots have more freedom of movement
       inside the bodyshell. The 'Open gate' systems are specific for each Fiat model.
           The sealing of the spot welds is verified by a system of ultrasound sensors; the
   sensor tests the weld and on the basis of the amplitude of the response spectrum, may or
   may not certify the quality of the weld. And finally, new equipment included two new laser
   welding stations (side doors), two robots to measure the doorway and to bore the starting
   points for assembly of the vehicle front, plus a robotised station to perform on-line
   measurements of the panelled bodyshell (opto-electronic system).


2) Assembly. The innovation introduced in the manufacturing process of the Fiat Bravo was
   also significant at the assembly stage. First of all, the bodyshell conveyor system was re-
   engineered, and self-propelled units were introduced in the assembly process, eliminating
   the unpleasant background noise and achieving optimal comfort in the working
   environment. Control units were introduced in the bodywork shop, with new generation
   electro-air lifting, which improves the coupling of the mechanical parts to the bodyshell.
           And finally, on the new model, the glue is prepared and spread on the windows by a
   latest generation robotised system. And to prevent order-picking mistakes, the windows are
   chosen on a computer using a multifunction display. The actual bonding on the bodyshell is
   entrusted to the tactile sensitivity of a worker who guarantees the correct position of the
   glass at any point of the process.


3) Painting. The paint shop was overhauled to introduce the 9 special colours for the Bravo. A
   new Painting building was also constructed, linked by a tunnel to the existing plant, which
   will employ water-based paints that respect the new legislative constraints. And finally, two
   new lines were built to use water-based enamel, as well as a touch-up circuit and a control
   unit for the paints.
A specific response to every demand
The range (Italian market)


       The new model comes in a very comprehensive range, where everyone will find the Fiat
Bravo he is looking for. Different solutions are available on different markets, but they are all
excellent value for money and reflect the many ways of interpreting and using the car. Below is the
complete range of the standard and optional equipment available on the Italian market, in addition
to which customers can choose from the many items in the Lineaccessori range, which enhance
the new model’s practicality and versatility, as they meet the functional and emotional requirements
of each customer.
Standard and optional equipment (Italian market)

                                                       BRAVO   ACTIVE   DYNAMIC    EMOTION             SPORT

LINE AND STYLING
Body-coloured bumpers                                    s        s         s            s               s
Body-coloured external door handles                      -        -         s            -               s
Chrome-plated external door handles                      -        -         -            s               -
Heated door mirrors with outdoor temperature sensors     s        s         -            -               -
Electrical, heated body-coloured door mirrors
with outdoor temperature sensor                          -        -         s            s               s
Chrome inserts on waistline                              -        -         -            s               s
Metallic paint                                           o        o         o            o               o
Lenticular paint                                         o        o         o            o               o
Two-coat paint                                           o        o         o            o               o
20-spoke 16” alloys with 205/55 tyres                    -        o         s            o               o
14-spoke 16” alloys with 205/55 tyres                    -        o         o            -               -
15-spoke 17” alloys with 225/45 tyres
not suitable for chains – sporty design                  -        -         -            -               s
17” alloys with 225/45 tyres
not suitable for chains – elegant design                 -        -         o            s               -
10-spoke 18” alloys with 225/40 tyres not
suitable for chains – sporty design                      -        -         -            o               o
                                                                                  (1.9 MJet 150 bhp)
Dark tinted windows                                      -        -         -            o               o
Rear spoiler                                             -        -         -            -               s
Sideskirts                                               -        -         -            -               s
Sports trim                                              -        -         -            -               s
Painted brake calipers                                   -        -         -            -               s
Chrome-plated exhaust terminal                           -        -         -            -               s
Leather upholstery                                       -        -         o            o               o
Leather-covered sporty steering wheel, gear lever
and hand brake lever knobs                               -        -         -            -               s
Leather steering wheel and gear lever knob               -        o         s            s               -
Sports instrument graphics                               -        -         -            -               s
Sports pedals                                            -        -         -            -               s
Metallic black interior door handles                     -        -         -            -               s
Chrome-plated interior door handles                      -        -         s            s               s
Chrome-plated air vent trims                             s        s         s            s               s
Chrome inserts on door armrest                           s        s         s            s               s
Chrome-plated rings on instrument panels                   -   -   s   s   s
Chrome-plated frames on interior door handle trims         -   -   -   s   s
Mats                                                       -   -   -   -   s
Facia with brushed-effect band                             s   s   -   -   -
Facia with carbon-look band                                -   -   s   s   s

COMFORT/PRACTICALITY
Fiat Code (electronic antitheft device)                    s   s   s   s   s
Electric front windows with
automatic function and anti-pinch device                   s   s   s   s   s
Remote door opening/closing control                        s   s   s   s   s
Electric rear windows with anti-pinch system               -   -   o   s   o
Antitheft system with alarm (volumetric and
anti-lift)                                                 -   o   o   o   o
Electrical release of rear tailgate with
'logo-push' system                                         s   s   s   s   s
Follow me Home device                                      s   s   s   s   s
Front ceiling light with spotlight                         s   s   s   s   s
Rear ceiling light                                         s   s   s   s   s
'Night Design' light effect on handles and ceiling light   -   -   -   s   s
Courtesy mirrors on sunshades                              -   -   s   s   s
Illuminated mirror on passenger side sunshade              -   -   -   s   s
Illuminated luggage compartment                            s   s   s   s   s
12 Volt socket in luggage compartment                      o   o   o   o   o
Instrument panel with trip computer and my car system      s   s   s   s   s
Central console with glass holder                          s   s   s   s   s
Front seat armrest with refrigerated locker                -   -   o   s   s
Height-adjustable driver’s seat                            s   s   s   s   s
Height-adjustable passenger seat                           -   -   s   o   o
Storage unit under passenger seat                          -   -   -   s   s
Manual lumbar adjustment of driver’s seat                  o   o   o   s   s
Front seats with extra support and sports upholstery       -   -   -   -   s
Front seats with electric adjustment and heating           -   -   -   o   -
Rear armrest                                               -   -   -   o   s
Squab-back pocket on front passenger seat                  -   -   -   s   s
Split rear seat (3-seater) 60/40                           s   s   s   s   s
Height adjustable front and rear head-restraints           s   s   s   s   s
Third height-adjustable rear head-restraint                -   -   s   s   s
Load restraint hooks in luggage compartment                s   s   s   s   s
Manual single-zone climate system                          -   s   s   -   s
Automatic dual-zone climate system                         -   -   o   s   o
Rear air vents                                             -   s   s                      s   s
Pollen filter                                              -   s   s                      s   s
Dualdrive™ electric power steering                         s   s   s                      s   s
Cruise control                                             -   o   o                      s   o
Rear parking sensor                                        -   o   o                      s   o
Tyre pressure sensor                                       -   -   o                      o   o
Dusk sensor + rain sensor                                  -   -   o                      o   o
Gas discharge headlights                                   -   -   o                      o   o
DPF (Particulate filter for diesel engines)                -   o   o                      o   o
Sky Dome: electrically opening large glass sunroof         -   -   o                      o   o
Multi-use tyre repair kit (Fix & Go)                       s   s   s                      s   s
Normal size 15” spare wheel                                o   -   -                      -   -
Normal size 16” spare wheel                                -   o   o                      o   -
Supplementary electric heater (PTC) for diesel engines     -   -   o                      o   o
Sports pack (spoiler; sideskirts; chrome waistline trim;
special pedals; lumbar adjustment of driver’s seat;
leather steering wheel, gear lever and handbrake knobs;
sports upholstery; 17” alloys with 225/45 tyres)           -   -   o (1.9 MJet 120 bhp)   -   -

SAFETY
ABS + EBD (Electronic Brake Distribution)                  s   s   s                      s   s
Front airbags with dual stage Smart system                 s   s   s                      s   s
Front sidebags                                             s   s   s                      s   s
Curtain-bags                                               o   o   s                      s   s
Driver’s kneebag                                           o   o   o                      o   o
Antiwhiplash head-restraints                               -   -   o                      o   o
Rear seat-belts with pre-tensioners                        -   -   -                      o   o
De-activation of passenger airbag by My car system         s   s   s                      s   s
Front seat-belts with pre-tensioners, load limiters
and fastening sensor                                       s   s   s                      s   s
Headlight trim correction (excluding gas discharge
headlights)                                                s   s   s                      s   s
FPS (Fire Prevention System)                               s   s   s                      s   s
3-point Isofix attachments (two on rear seat)              s   s   s                      s   s
Child safety locks                                         s   s   s                      s   s
ESP Electronic stability control + ASR/MSR,
HBA and Hill Holder                                        -   o   s                      s   s
Foglights with adaptive cornering function                 -   o   s                      s   s

AUDIO/TELEMATICS
Wiring for radio with 4 speakers, 2 tweeters + aerial      s   s   -                      -   -
Radio with CD player, 40 W Hi-Fi audio system,
4 speakers + 2 tweeters (water resistant technology)        -                o   s   s   -
Radio with CD + MP3 player, HiFi 40 W audio system,
4 speakers + 2 tweeters (water resistant technology)        -                o   o   o   s
6-key radio controls on steering wheel                      -                o   s   s   s
Audio Hi-Fi Sound system with 5-channel power amplifier,
with 260 W amplified bass-reflex type subwoofer,
4 speakers + 4 tweeters (water resistant technology)        -                -   o   o   s
Blue&Me™: hands-free system with Bluetooth™ technology,
with steering wheel controls, instrument panel with multifunction display,
MP3 audio file player from USB port and SMS text reader -                    -   o   o   s
Blue&Me Nav™: Blue&Me™ system + onboard navigation system
with pictogram visualisation and map loaded on pen
drive with vocal introduction of destination                -                -   o   o   o
Navigator+radio/telephonecontrols on steering wheel         -                -   o   o   o
Wiring for CD changer                                       -                -   o   o   o


        o               Optional
        s               Standard
        -               Not available
         -
                               BRAVO                      ACTIVE                                            DYNAMIC


                                                                            carbon look    carbon look        carbon look
Facia                   brushed anthracite grey   brushed anthracite grey                                                   carbon look black
                                                                               blue       anthracite grey      marmoset
Fabric                           Axel                       Axel                 Inox            Inox            Inox             Sail
                                                  anthracite
Fabric colour               anthracite grey                       blue         blue       anthracite grey     marmoset            red
                                                    grey
Door panel                                              anthracite             blue       anthracite grey     marmoset            red
Steering wheel / Gear                                                                                                       Leather with red
lever / Handbrake                                                                                                               stitching

Non-metallic

Tango Red                          -                  °            -             -              °                  °               °

Glory White                        °                  °            °             °              °                  °                -

Metallic

Techno Grey                        °                  °            °             -              °                  -               °

Epic Grey                          -                  -            °             °               -                 °                -

Symphony Blue                      -                  °            -             °              °                  -                -

Spiritual Ivory                    -                  °            °             °               -                 °                -

Minuet Azure                       °                  °            °             °              °                  -                -

Lenticular

Digital Grey                       -                  °            °             °              °                  -               °

Crossover Black                    -                  °            °             -              °                  °               °
Pearlescent

Cool Jazz Blue                      -                   °               °              °                 °                   °                    -

Blue Maserati                       -                   -               -              -                 -                   -                    -

Red Maranello                       -                   -               -              -                 -                   -                   °


                                                 EMOTION                                                                   SPORT


                                                      carbon look           carbon look
Facia                       carbon look blue                                                                           carbon look nero
                                                     anthracite grey         marmoset
Fabric                        Tecnotweed                    sail            black leather


Fabric colour                     blue               anthracite grey         marmoset            red             blue         red stitching   blue stitching
Door panel                        blue                anthracite grey         marmoset            red            blue                    black
Steering wheel / Gear                                Leather with red       Leather with     Leather with    Leather with Leather with red     Leather with
                        Leather with red stitching
lever / Handbrake                                        stitching          blue stitching   red stitching   blue stitching   stitching        blue stitching

Non-metallic

Tango Red                           -                        °                    °               °                -               °                  -

Glory White                         °                        °                    -                -               -                -                 -

Metallic

Techno Grey                         -                        °                    -               °               °                °                  °

Epic Grey                           -                        -                    °                -               -                -                 -

Symphony Blue                       °                        °                    -                -               -                -                 -

Spiritual Ivory                     °                        -                    °                -               -                -                 -

Minuet Azure                        °                        °                    -                -               -                -                 -
Lenticular

Digital Grey            °                 °                  -                °        °      °                   °

Crossover Black         -                 °                  °                °        °      °                   °


Pearlescent

Cool Jazz Blue          °                 °                  -                -        -      -                   -

Blue Maserati           -                 -                  -                -        °      -                   °

Red Maranello           -                 -                  -                °        -      °                   -



                                                      LEATHER (DYNAMIC & EMOTION)


                            carbon look                           carbon look
Facia                                                                                      carbon look marmoset
                               blue                              anthracite grey
Fabric                                    black leather                                      leather marmoset
Fabric colour           blue embroidery                   anthracite grey embroidery       marmoset embroidery
Door panel                                    black                                               marmoset
Steering wheel / Gear
lever / Handbrake

Non-metallic

Tango Red                        -                                     °                             °

Glory White                      °                                     °                             °

Metallic

Techno Grey                      -                                     °                             -
Epic Grey         -   °   °

Symphony Blue     °   °   -

Spiritual Ivory   °   °   °

Minuet Azure      °   °   -

Lenticular

Digital Grey      °   °   -

Crossover Black   -   °   °

Pearlescent

Cool Jazz Blue    °   °   -

Blue Maserati     -   -   -

Red Maranello     -   -   -
The proposals of Fiat Auto Financial Services
       The launch of the new Bravo is an opportunity for Fiat Auto Financial Services, the
company created by a 50-50 joint venture between Fiat Auto and Crédit Agricole that specialises in
financial services to the Fiat Auto network and customers, to introduce a new approach to financial
products applied to vehicle sales.
       Different solutions have been defined to finance the purchase of a Bravo on the various
European markets, and they interpret the concept of an acceptable, substantial car perfectly. Here
are a few examples:
      the 'freedom' purchasing formula in Italy with Sava, allows the customer to choose the best
       rate to match his personal monthly budget, and to use it to purchase any version, outfit or
       engine variant of the Bravo; in addition to the simplicity of this formula which is unique
       among carmakers, the formula also includes an extra 5-year warranty on the car, offered by
       Sava and Fiat;
      the German 'satisfaction or your money back' purchasing formula, which includes a 4-year
       warranty in the loan; it also allows customers to return the car after a three-month period,
       only paying a cost per kilometre. This financial product is evidently based on the awareness
       on the part of Fiat and Fiat Bank, that the Bravo, with its contents and quality, will meet the
       expectations and requirements of German customers;
      the all-inclusive 'Fiat for everyone' package offered in France by Fiat Crédit, which includes
       maintenance, a complete insurance policy and roadside assistance in the monthly rate. The
       concept of a loan that includes useful services customised to the motorist’s requirements, is
       also adopted in Spain, by Fiat Financiera, where, in addition to the above services included
       in the rate is an innovative policy that insures the driver’s licence against partial/total
       endorsement or possible withdrawal/suspension.
       The many formulae proposed for the Fiat Bravo also include long-term rental, with very
competitive rates that have been made possible by the extremely low running costs (ordinary and
extraordinary maintenance) of the latest Fiat model.
Spec sheets
ENGINE                                    FIRE 1.4 16V 90 bhp

No. of cylinders, arrangement             4, in line, front transverse
Bore x stroke (mm)                        72.0 x 84.0
Capacity (cc)                             1368
Compression ratio                         11:1
Max. power output EC: kW (bhp) at rpm     66 (90) at 5500 rpm
Peak torque EC: Nm (kgm) at rpm           128 (13.0) at 4500 rpm
Emissions compliance                      Euro 4
Emissions control                         three-way catalytic converter in engine bay, 2 heated
                                          Lambda probes, EOBD
Timing (drive)                            2 OHC (toothed belt), hydraulic tappets
Fuel supply                               MPI electronic sequential phased, returnless system

TRANSMISSION
Drive                                     front
Gearbox, no. of speeds                    6 + Reverse

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Battery: capacity (Ah)                    50 Ah

STEERING
Steering box                              Dualdrive™ electrical power steering
Turning circle between kerbs (m):
16" / 17" tyres                           10.4
18" tyres                                 11

BRAKES - D (disc) with ABS
Front: Ø mm                               D 257 X 22 mm (ventilated)
Rear: Ø mm                                D 251 X 10 mm

SUSPENSION
Front                                     independent MacPherson, dual rate telescopic dampers, anti-
                                          roll bar with spherical joint con rods
Rear                                      interconnected wheels with torsion rear axle, telescopic
                                          dampers, anti-roll bar

WHEELS
Tyres                                     195/65 R 15 91H
                                          205/55 R 16 91H
                                          225/45 R 17 91V
DIMENSIONS
Wheelbase (mm)                            2600
Front/rear track (mm)                     1538/1532
Length/Width (mm)                         4336/1792
Height empty (mm)                         1498
                                    3
Luggage compartment capacity VDA (dm ):
standard with Fix&Go                      400
with rear seat folded down                1175

SUPPLIES - WEIGHTS
Fuel tank (|)                             58
Kerb weight DIN (kg)                      1205
Max. towable weight (kg)                  1000

PERFORMANCE - CONSUMPTION
Top speed (km/h)                          179
Acceleration (s): 0 - 100 km/h
(2 adults + 20 kg)                          12.5
Consumption - EC Dir. 1999/100 (l/100 km)
urban                                       8.7
out of town                                 5.6
combined                                    6.7
Combined CO2 emissions (g/km)               158


ENGINE                                      MJET 1.9 8V 120 bhp

No. of cylinders, arrangement               4, in line, front transverse
Bore x stroke (mm)                          82.0 x 90.4
Capacity (cc)                               1910
Compression ratio                           18:1
Max. power output EC: kW (bhp) at rpm       88 (120) at 4000 rpm
Peak torque EC: Nm (kgm) at rpm             255 (26) at 2000 rpm
Emissions compliance                        Euro 4
Emissions control                           2 oxidising catalysers (in engine bay and under body), electrical
                                            EGR valve, EOBD
Timing (drive)                              1 OHC (toothed belt), mechanical tappets
Fuel supply                                 direct injection, Common Rail Multijet with electronic control,
                                            variable geometry turbo and intercooler

TRANSMISSION
Drive                                       front
Gearbox, no. of speeds                      5 + Reverse

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Battery: capacity (Ah)                      60 Ah

STEERING
Steering box                                Dualdrive™ electrical power steering
Turning circle between kerbs (m):
16" / 17" tyres                             10.4
18" tyres                                   11

BRAKES - D (disc) with ABS
Front: Ø mm                                 D 284 X 22 mm (ventilated)
Rear: Ø mm                                  D 251 X 10 mm

SUSPENSION
Front                                       independent MacPherson, dual rate telescopic dampers, anti-
                                            roll bar with spherical joint con rods
Rear                                        interconnected wheels with torsion rear axle, telescopic
                                            dampers, anti-roll bar

WHEELS
Tyres                                       195/65 R 15 91H
                                            205/55 R 16 91H
                                            225/45 R 17 91V
DIMENSIONS
Wheelbase (mm)                              2600
Front/rear track (mm)                       1538/1532
Length/Width (mm)                           4336/1792
Height empty (mm)                           1498
                                    3
Luggage compartment capacity VDA (dm ):
standard with Fix&Go                        400
with rear seat folded down                  1175

SUPPLIES - WEIGHTS
Fuel tank (|)                               58
Kerb weight DIN (kg)                        1320
Max. towable weight (kg)                    1300

PERFORMANCE - CONSUMPTION
Top speed (km/h)                            194
Acceleration (s): 0 - 100 km/h
(2 adults + 20 kg)                          10.5
Consumption - EC Dir. 1999/100 (l/100 km)
urban                                       6.9
out of town                                 4.3
combined                                    5.3
Combined CO2 emissions (g/km)               139


ENGINE                                      MJET 1.9 16V 150 bhp

No. of cylinders, arrangement               4, in line, front transverse
Bore x stroke (mm)                          82.0 x 90.4
Capacity (cc)                               1910
Compression ratio                           17.5:1
Max. power output EC: kW (bhp) at rpm       110 (150) at 4000 rpm
Peak torque EC: Nm (kgm) at rpm             305 (31) at 2000 rpm
Emissions compliance                        Euro 4
Emissions control                           2 oxidising catalysers (in engine bay and under body), electrical
                                            EGR valve, EOBD
Timing (drive)                              2 OHC (toothed belt), hydraulic tappets (indirect roller drive)
Fuel supply                                 direct injection, Common Rail Multijet with electronic control,
                                            variable geometry turbo and intercooler

TRANSMISSION
Drive                                       front
Gearbox, no. of speeds                      6 + Reverse

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
Battery: capacity (Ah)                      60 Ah

STEERING
Steering box                                Dualdrive™ electrical power steering
Turning circle between kerbs (m):
16" / 17" tyres                             10.4
18" tyres                                   11

BRAKES - D (disc) with ABS
Front: Ø mm                                 D 281 X 26 mm (ventilated)
Rear: Ø mm                                  D 251 X 10 mm

SUSPENSION
Front                                       independent MacPherson, dual rate telescopic dampers, anti-
                                            roll bar with spherical joint con rods
Rear                                        interconnected wheels with torsion rear axle, telescopic
                                            dampers, anti-roll bar

WHEELS
Tyres                                       205/55 R 16 91V
                                            225/45 R 17 91V
                                            225/40 R 18 92V REINFORCED
                                            (with specific steering box)
DIMENSIONS
Wheelbase (mm)                              2600
Front/rear track (mm)                       1538/1532 1530/1524 (with 18” tyres)
Length/Width (mm)                           4336/1792
Height empty (mm)                           1498
Luggage compartment capacity VDA (dm 3):
standard with Fix&Go                        400
with rear seat folded down                  1175

SUPPLIES - WEIGHTS
Fuel tank (|)                               58
Kerb weight DIN (kg)                        1360
Max. towable weight (kg)                    1300

PERFORMANCE - CONSUMPTION
Top speed (km/h)                            209
Acceleration (s): 0 - 100 km/h
(2 adults + 20 kg)                          9.0
Consumption - EC Dir. 1999/100 (l/100 km)
urban                                       7.6
out of town                                 4.5
combined                                    5.6
Combined CO2 emissions (g/km)               149

				
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