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					INTRODUCTION:

The   growing attention that is being paid to various labors problems in the present
times is an indication of the increasing importance of the working class in the
economic and social structure of modern communities.


Labour force is a crucial role to play in industrial development ,thereby enriching
countries economy. The Government is at present laying stress on self reliance in
perceivable fields. The need for achieving self reliance in unless the workers in
industries getting are industrial out put has therefore, become imperative.


The workers have their special problems. These problems stretch from their work
place to their homes in the community and they require comprehensive analysis.
The different facts of each problem have to be examined at their work place with
regard to the workers safety, Healthy Welfare and Productivity at their homes
related to education, recreation, social life, security for them and their facilities and
in community which special reference to their role as responsible citizens. In this
context labour welfare assume new demand dimension. Labour welfare activities
are also major aspect of national programme towards bettering the lot of labour
and creating a life for environment of decent comfort for the workers community.

DEFENITIN OF LABOUR WELFARE:

Labour welfare has been defined in several ways and is therefore, understood in
various ways in various countries.       A precious definition of the term is thus
somewhat difficult as Arthur James Todd remarks aptly: “A series of sharply
deserve opinion exist on the motive and marits of industrial welfare work” in the
same way, according to the report of royal commission on labour the term welfare
as applies to industrial workers is one which be must necessarly be elastic, bearing a
somewjhat different interpretion in one country from another,according to the
different social customs, the degree of industrialization and the educational
development of the workers. Broadly speaking , measures and activities undertaken
by the state, employers and associations of workers from the improvement of
workers standards of life and for the promotion of their economic and social being
and lable as welfare works.


As defined in the Encyclopaeida of social sciences, “ labour welfare implies the
voluntary efforts of employers to estlablish , within the existing industrial system,
working and some times living condition of the employees beyond whaty is required
by law the custom of the industry and condition of the market”. It mean the
voluntary action on the part of employer to improve the lot of his employees.
The    international   labour   Organisation    defines   labour   welfare      inthese
words,”workers welfare should be understood as meaning such services, facilities
and amenities which mnay be establish in, or in the vicinity of the undertaking to
anable person employed in them to perform their work in healthy, congenial
surroundings and provided with eminities conductives to good health and high
morals.”




As per royal commission report” In India, nearly whole mass of industrial labour is
illiterate, as a state of affairs which is unknown in any other country of industrial
importance.    The modern machine industry depends in a particular degree on
education and the attempt to build it up with an illiterate body of workers must be
difficult and perilous.”


The national commission on labour , 1966 described that”looked upon welfare as
fructless and barren , though some of them had pioneering work”Planation labour
act says”Statutory welfare funds in genral and state-wise funds in particular.”
Malkaviya committee reports defines” Security of employment, fair wages; equal
opportunity for personal growthg and advancement are some of welfare facilities
available to them.”


But it does not include any activity that the employer is compelled or coerced into
performing whatever be the benefir according to the labour class. Through the
medium of labour welfare work, employers and industrial try to achieve the all
round development of employees.


An industrial accident may be defined as”an occurrence which interrupts or
interferes      with   the   orderly   progress   of   work    in   an    industrial
establishment.”industrial establishment causing bodily injuries to a person which
makes him unfit to resume his duties in the next 48 hours.”
As per this act,every occurance which may injure a worker is not an accident. The
injury on a worker should be serious which makes him unfit for work atleast for
two days. Any casual injury is not covered under accident.


An industrial injury may also be defined as “ a personal injury ti an employes which
has been caused by an accident or an occupational disease and which would entitle
such employee to compensation under the workmens compensation act,1923.


MEANING OF HEALTH

Health is a complete stage physics , mental and social well being and not merely the
absence of any disease. A person is considered healthy if he is well adjusted to the
environment in which he works.


   According to the Joint I.L.O/W.H.O Committee on Organizational Health,
Industrial health is (i) the prevention and maintenance of physical, mental and
social well being of workers in all occupations (ii) prevention among workers is ill
health caused by the working condition (iii) protection of workers in their
employment from risks resulting from factors averse to health and (iv) placing and
maintenance of the worker in an occupational environment adapted to his physical
and psychological equipment “


       The World Health Organization (WHO) defined health as “a state of
complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely an absence of disease
or infirmity.
       According to the First Five Plan “Health is positive state of well being in
which harmonious development of mental and physical capabilities of the
individuals lead to the enjoyment of a rich and full life.. It implies adjustment of the
individual to his total environment – physical and social


       In simple words, we can say that health is a condition under which an
individual is able to mobilize all his resources – intellectual, emotional and physical
for optimum living”
       Health has found an important place in the constitution, of all the countries
and UN agencies. The Preamble of the WHO constitution states that the enjoyment
of the highest attainable standard of health is a fundamental right of every human
being and that governments are responsible for rthe health of their people and can
fulfill that responsibility by taking appropriate health and social welfare measures


OBJECTIVE OF INDUSTRIAL HEALTH

The basic objective of industrial health is the prevention of disease and injury
rather than the cure of the disease.


Claude Veil has specified the following objectives of industrial health:


       (i)     The promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of the physical
               mental and social well being of workers.
       (ii)    The prevention of factors which make for ill health in their working
               conditions
       (iii)   The protection of workers in their occupations from risks arising
               from factors which are adverse to the maintenance for the health.
       (iv)    The placing and maintenance of worker in an occupational
               environment which is adapted to his psychological and physical
               equipment and
       (v)     The adaptation of work to man and each man on his job
SIGNIFICANCE OF INDUSTRIAL HEALTH

According to Labor Bureau, Government of India “ On the one hand efficiency in
work is possible only when an employee is healthy; on the order the industry (in
which he is employed) exposes him to certain hazards which he would not meet else
where and which may affect his health that the intention of reducing these hazards
and improving the worker’s health that the discipline of industrial health came into
being as a branch of public health in its own right”


       The industrial health is significant because of the following reasons:


       (i)     To maintain and improve productivity and quality of work.
       (ii)    To minimize absenteeism and labour turnover.
       (iii)   To reduce industrial unrest, indiscipline and accidents.
       (iv)    To improve employee motivation and morale.
       (v)     To reduce spoilage and cost operations.
       (vi)    To preserve the physical and mental health of employees.


       PRESENT STATE OF HEALTH IN INDIA

               In India, the Royal Commission on labour (1931) the Labour
       Investigation Committee (1946), the Health Survey and Development
       Committee (1943),the Labour Welfare Committee(1969) and the National
       Commission on labour        (1969) all emphasized upon the “creation and
       maintenance of as healthy an environment as possible, in the homes of the
       people as well as in all places where they congregate for work, amusement or
       recreation as essential”


               The Government of India, since independence has taken several steps
       to protect the health of the workers. The Government has enacted several
       labour legislations protecting the health of the industrial workers. Such
       legislations are the Factories Act 1948. The Mines Act 1952, the Indian Dock
       Labourers Act 1934, the Motor Transport Workers Act 1961, The Coal
      Mines (Conservation and Safety Act), 1952etc Under these Acts, several
      provision are made to protext the health of industrial workers from the
      occupational diseases. The measures in these Acts pertain to both the
      curative and preventive aspects of the industrial health. The employers are
      held responsible for carrying out the provisions of the concerned acts.




                 SIGNIFICANCE OF LABOUR WELFARE
      The basic objective of labour welfare is to enable workers to live a richer
and more satisfactory life. Labour welfare is in the interest of the labour, the
employer and the society as a whose. The main benefits of labour welfare
services are given below.

   1. Benefits to the Workers :

      i.     Welfare facilities provide better physical and mental health to the
             workers and make them happy.

      ii.    Welfare facilities like housing, medical benefits, education and
             recreation facilities for the worker’s families help to create contended
             workers.

      iii.   Improvement in material, intellectual and cultural conditions of life
             protects workers from social evils like drinking, gambling etc.

   2. Benefits to the Employers :

      i.     Labour welfare facilities help to increase employee productivity or
             efficiency by improving their physical and mental health.

      ii.    Welfare measures help to improve the goodwill and public image of
             the enterprise.

      iii.   Welfare services serve to maintain some peace with the employee’s
             unions. Employee welfare also helps to improve industrial relations
             and industrial peace.

      iv.    Employees turnover is reduced due to the provision of welfare
             facilities. Employees take active interest in their jobs and work with a
             feeling of involvement and satisfaction.

      v.     Employers secure the benefits of high efficiently, cordial industrial
             relations and low labour absenteeism and turnover.
 3. Benefits to the Society :

            Labour welfare is also in the interest of the larger society because
     the health, efficiency and happiness of each individual represents the
     general well being of al. well housed, well fed and well looked after labour
     is not only an asset to the employer but serves to raise the standards of
     industry and labour in the country.

                 ADVANTAGES TO EMPLOYERS FROM INTRA-MURAL
                           WELFARE WORK :

             In all modern countries the employers do their best to introduce
     labour welfare programmers of various kinds because they have come to
     realize the money they spend upon labour welfare is not completely lost of
     they. Working in healthy and congenial surroundings, the workers fell
     convened and delighted in the concern that the employers evince for then.
     Cordial relations between employer and Employee precipitated, and the
     workers evince lesser desire to change employment at the least
     provocation. Prevention of an accident is a direct training itself would have
     cost the establishment a packet. Schemes and Plans for prevention of fire
     or for fire fighting are a direct gain to the employer as he would not like to
     have his factory go up in flames. Easy availability of good and wholesome
     food takes a load of the workers minds as it is very convenient to eat in
     the canteen near the premises. In this manner the owner of a factory
     stands to gin directly from intra-mural efforts at labour welfare.

ADVANTAGES TO OWNERS FROM EXTRA – MURAL LABOUR WELFARE

An owner also gains finally from extra-mural labour welfare activity. Mostly, he
benefits in the following ways.

IMPROVEMENT IN WORKERS HEALTH :

Ordinary arrangements like health residence; inexpensive housing and foods,
proper relaxation and refreshment go a long way in maintaining the health of
workers. Hence, absenteeism from the factory falls to a minimum and the per
capita output improves.

IMPROVEMENTS IN WORKER’S EFFICIENCY :

When education is provided, the worker’s efficiency and skill increases and he
can do better work in lesser time.

REDUCTION IN ABSENTEEISM :

Prevention of disease and arrangement of medical facilities help to reduce
illness or go shorten its influence. As a result, the number of absents in the
factory decreases diseases being the main causes of it.
GOOD RELATIONS BETWEEN EMPLOYER AND WORKERS :

With provision of such facilities as social insurance, provident fund, pension,
gratuity, the worker becomes secure and he can rest satisfied with his
employer. This improves the relations between the workers and the employer.

REDUCING WORKERS DIS-SATISFACTION :

The Employer has to provide health and recreation facilities to the workers to
recreate the employees, after working hours. A worker satisfaction is further
increased in case of Female workers if benefit and facilities such as maternity
benefits, maternity homes and crèches are provided for their children.

IMPROVEMENT IN QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF PRODUCTION :

When these benefits accrue to the workers in a factory, the quantity of
production in it improves a direct benefit to the employer.

EMPLOYERS MORAL SATISFACTION :

The greatest advantage of labour welfare that goes to the employer takes the
form of moral satisfaction at having served the cause of humanity. Economic
improvement and benefit is not the sole basis of labour welfare even though
economic benefit does result from it. Behind it is the sense of humanity, a large
heart and a moral or ethical consciousness. Generosity is an essential part of
labour welfare, because such welfare activities are not based on material
consideration but are instead guided by humanitarian principles and views.

IMPORTANCE OF LABOUR WELFARE IN INDIA :

Compared to other countries, India has much greater need and importance of
labour welfare work. Such condition is caused by certain deficiencies in Indian
Labour Force, and that are not be found in its counterparts in other countries. It
is these defects or deficiencies that increase the importance of labour welfare
activity in the country. Briefly, then for the following reasons the labour welfare
work in India assumes greater importance than in other countries.

LACK OF STRONG LABOUR UNION MOVEMENT :

In India, even to day the workers are not united into a class. Keeping in view
the numbers labour union movement is still in its infancy. Even in the labour
unions that do exist, there is a lack of enlightened leadership. Welfare of
laborers is a secondary concern. In other modern progressive countries
workers are strongly organized into labour unions, but such a force is lacking in
India. It is therefore essential that the welfare of laborers in the country require
to be efficiently looked after by the employers and the government.

ILLETERACY :
As compared with other countries the percentage of educated workers is very
low and most of them being illiterate. Consequently, the are not in a position to
receive advanced industrial training; understand the problems in industries,
understand their own interests and those of nation as a whole. This can prove a
source of harm not only to the workers but also to the country. Therefore
workers Education will help make workers secure become industrially efficient
and become responsible citizens of the country.

PROBLEM OF ABSENTEEIMS AND MIGRATION :

Compared to worker in other countries the Indian Laborer is more restless and
tendencies towards frequent migration becomes imminent because life in the
town does not provide for his needs, and the atmosphere in general does not
suit him being migrated from rural set-up. Level of wages is far too low to
adequately compensate for the high price of most commodities although
statutory minimum wage is assured to him. Hence, the laborer cannot
comfortably settle down in one place. These workers migratory tendency can
be curbed by providing him with adequate housing, improved working
conditions and other welfare facilities. This helps the worker establish a home
in the town, and he will not heaved to run frequently to the village for his family.
Thus, the problem of absenteeism in factory may be reduced. Recreation and
cultural facilities will prevent him for indulgency in drug addition an alcoholism,
crime and prostitution and other undesirable activities. Moreover, with the
improved recreational facilities the percentage of absenteeism in factories is
likely to fall.

LACK OF TRAINING :

Percentage of trained workers in India is low. As compared with other
countries, trained personnel in India are hard to come by. Hence, it is
necessary to have training facilities for such a vast labour force. Possibility of
decrease in rate of accidents when the worker is trained is predictable. Hence,
there should be adequate provisions for preventing accidents through
education and training, a part from Improving the levels of knowledge and skills
of workmen.

INDUSTRIAL BACK WARDENESS OF INDIA :

From the industrial stand point, India is far behind Western Countries. Although
effects are being made for industrialization through the medium of the five year
plans, industrial progress cannot be attained independents of the efficiently of
the labour force. So, we can say that the importance of these activities is great
for India in comparison to western countries.

 1. INTRA – MURAL ACTIVITIES :

 Intra – Mural labour Welfare activates are those amenities with are provided
 within the precincts of the establishment. The position of Intra – Mural labour
 welfare work has been given as follows :
Latrines and Urinals :
Washing and bathing facilities,
Crèches.
Rest Shelter and canteen
Arrangement for drinking water.
Arrangement for prevention of fatigue.
Health services including occupational safety
Administrative arrangement with a plant to look after welfare
Uniform and protective cloth in and
Shifting allowance.

II.    EXTRA – MURAL ACTIVITEIS ;

Extra – Mural welfare facilities provided outside the work place are generally
non – statutory in nature, and housing recreation, medical and transport
facilities etc.

       1. Maternity benefits

       2. Social insurance measure including gratuity, pensions, provident
          fund and habilitation.

       3. Benevolent fund

       4. Medical facilities including programmes for physical fitness and
          efficiency, family planning and child welfare.

       5. Education facilities including adult education.

       6. Housing facilities

       7. Recreation facilities, including port, cultural activities, library and
          reading room

       8. Holidays homes and leave and travel facilities.

       9. Workers co-operative including consumer co-operative thrift and
          credit societies.

       10. Vocational training for dependents of workers.

       11. Other programmes for the welfare for women, youth and children

       12. Transport to and from the place of work.
LABOUR ACTIVITIES BEING DONE BY VARIOUS AGENCIES IN INDIA :

The progress and level of labour welfare activities in India. Has not been very
satisfactory. Welfare work in India, as in the U.K. and U.S.A. was mainly a
product of the stresses, strains during the First World War. Before this period
there were only isolated instances of welfare work, mostly by outside agencies
on humanitarian grounds. During the second work in this direction had been
done mainly after independence of country. The establishment of canteen in
factories was statutory provided by the Factories was (amendment) act of 1947.
Several rules were made to promote welfare facilities in several industries such
as coal and mica mines, plantations and sugar industry. Since independence,
labour welfare activities have been increased, not only in quantum but much
more significantly In speed to their content and spirit. With the passage of time a
progressive labour code have been enacted, the general standard of living and
wages have arisen. The labour welfare activities now form an important aspect of
industrial relations.

LABOUR WELFARE ACTIVITIES IN INDIA :

One can distinguish five types of welfare activities for workers being provided at
present statutory, those provided by the central and the state government, by
voluntary activities of employers, by trade union and by other voluntary agencies.
The description is follows.

1. FARE ACTIVITIES BY CENTRAL GOVERNMENT :

   The central Government has taken special interest in Labour welfare activities
   after the emergency of Indians republic wedded to then idea of a welfare
   state. The Government has enacted various laws to promote the welfare
   activities such as factories act, 1948, Mines Act 1951, Coal Mines labour
   welfare Funds act, 1947, Iron Ore Mines Labour welfare Fund Act, 1961 etc.,
   The Government has established various welfare activities. A sizeable
   amount us being allocated been in each Five Year Plan for Labour Welfare
   activities.

2. WELFARE ACTIVITIES BY STATE GOVERNMENT :

   The state government’s activities in the field of worker’s have been of a more
   direct nature. Maharastra and U.P. Governments were pioneers in this field
   and still have a more based programme of welfare competed to the states.
   There are model welfare centers in most of states. There are model welfare
   centers in most of the states and the facilities provided in these centers
   consists of medical aid, educational and recreational facilities. In some states,
   vocational training is given to men and women. In U.P. a special labour
   welfare fund act was passed in August, 1956 which provides for the provision
   of housing, general welfare and development.

3. WELFARE ACTIVITIES BY EMPLOYERS :
It has been realized that employers have a significant role in providing welfare
facilities in their work places over and above what is laid down by law and the
work done by public authorities. There has been a gradual extension of scope
and extent of welfare measures partly through statutory provisions and partly
through the employer’s relation’s realization that welfare is an important
aspect of human of workers. The pattern of welfare that is provided by
employers a broad – based policy of providing recreation and educational
facilities in large units, while the smaller units content themselves with
confronting to these facilities in large by law. In the case of some large –
scale and well – organized industries like jute and tea, welfare activities have
been taken up on a joint basis. The Indian jute mill association, Calcutta has
undertaken direct responsibility for organizing welfare work for its member
units and has set up five welfare canters. The Principal activities of the
centers consist of indoor games, reading room, libraries, physical cultural
classes, cultural programmes, training in also set up a number of welfare
Centers as well as dispensaries for benefit of their employers. However, most
of the facilities for worker’s welfare provided by employers such as
dispensaries, canteen and crèches and in the implementation of statutory
provisions. The standards of these amenities provided by some employers
are often high and much above the legal requirements. Many employers
provides several welfares measures like reading rooms, libraries and other
recreational programmes on their own initiative. The Delhi cloth and General
Mill, for example, make arrangement for community celebration of festivals.

WELFARE WORK BY THE TRADE UNION :

Labour Welfare work can be done by Trade Unions also. The biggest
limitation in the case of trade unions is, of course, lack of funds and one
cannot expect such bodies to achieve really big results. However, for building
their own utility, trade unions much give greater attention to welfare work for
their members. The association has opened schools for the benefit of working
class children. It runs study home and girls hostels and wards scholarships
for dispensaries, workers welfare and children welfare centers and a net work
of co-operative so cities.

CONCLUSION :

The general position in respect of welfare facilities in India would seem to be
that there is growing awareness as a whole, leading to improved industrial
relations and greater productivity. Another feature is that with rare exceptions
the provisions of welfare measures seems to one its existences more by
possession of adequate funds rather than by deliberate planning. In advanced
countries, the provision of welfare facilities often the responsibility of the
community. But in underdeveloped countries like India where the standard of
living are low and the resources of the state are limited, it may not always be
possible for the community to under take these responsibilities to the desired
extent. After the minimum of welfare amenities have been laid down the rest
may be deemed to be proper field for voluntary action by the state employers
and workers and welfare agencies. Thus, welfare work may be considered
joint responsibility of the state, employers, workers organization and voluntary
social service agencies operating in the country. All these agencies should
work in harmony to rise the standard of living of the workers.

                        LABOUR WELFARE OFFICER

The importance of labour in Indian industries was emphasized in1931 when
the royal commission on labour recommended the appointment of labour
orifices in order to protect the workers from the evils of jobbery and
indebtedness, to act generally as a spokesman of labour and to promote
amicable settlement between the workers and the management. The
committee on Labour welfare (1969) has prescribed the following duties of a
labour welfare officer :

i.     The labour welfare officer will be a supervisor of

ii.    Counseling workers in

iii.   Advising management on matters of

iv.    Establishing liaison with workers so that they may

v.     Establishing liaison with management so that they may appreciate
       workers view point on various subjects.

vi.    Working with management and workers to improve productivity.

vii.   Working with outside public to secure proper enforcement of various
       laws.

     Thus, a welfare officer has to act as an advisor, councilor, mediator and
liaison officer between management and workers.

    The welfare officers should posses a university degree, a degree or
diploma in social services/ social work/ social welfare from a recognized
institution, adequate knowledge of the language spoken by the majority of the
workers in the area where the factory is situated.



                   APROACHES TOLABOUR WELFARE

The different approaches to labour welfare reflect the evolution of the concept
of welfare, Earlier, the government of the land had to compel the industrial
houses to provide the basic amentia is to their employees. Such compulsion
was necessary because the employers believed in exploiting the labour and
treating it in an unfair manner. But with the passage of time, the concept of
welfare has undergone charges. Many progressive managements today
provide welfare facilities voluntarily are, no longer, restricted to workers and
enthusiasm. In fact, welfare facilities are no longer, restricted to workdes
alone, it has been extended to include social welfare also. A brief description
of the various approaches to a labour welfare is as follows.

1. Policing Theory : According t this theory, the factory owners exploits the
   workers in an unfair manner. Instances of exploitation are making the
   workers work for long house, paying low wages, neglecting health and
   safety provisions, providing unhygienic conditions of work etc., A welfare
   state enacts legislation under which managements are compelled to
   provide basic amenities to the workers. Thus, the state assumes the role
   of a policeman and compels the employers to provide welfare facilities and
   punished the non-complier.

2. Religion theory : The religion theory has two aspects namely, the
   investment aspect and atonement aspect. The investment aspect implies
   that the fruit of today’s deeds will be reaped tomorrow. Any action,
   whether positive or negative, is thus, treated as an investment. Inspired.
   Inspired by this belief, some employers plan and organize welfare facilities
   for the employees. The atonement the result of the sins committed by him
   previously. He should undertake to do good deeds how to atone or
   compensate for his sins.

3. Philanthropic Theory : Affection for mankind is the basis of philanthropic
   theory. This theory refers to the provision of good working conditions,
   crèches and canteens out of pity on the part of the employers who want to
   remove the disabilities of the workers. The philanthropic theory is more
   common in social welfare rather than in industrial enterprises.

4. Paternalistic Theory : According to the paternalistic theory, the
   industrialist holds the entire industrial estate, properties and the profits
   accruing from them in trust. This trust is not actual and legal but it is moral.
   The employers provide for the well being of their employees out of funds
   under their control. As, the whole enterprises is held in trust the benefit of
   the employees, this theory is also called trusteeship theory.

5. Placating Theory : When workers are organized and unions are strong,
   management has to appease them. As crying children are pacified by
   sweets, that management can bring peace. In the organization by welfare
   measures.

6. Public Relations Theory : According to this theory, welfare facilities
   provided by the employers to the employees, create a good image of the
   employer in the mind of the general public. Some employers proudly take
   their visitors around the plant to show how well they have organized their
   welfare activities.

7. Functional Theory : According to the functional theory welfare work is a
   means of securing, preserving and increasing the efficiency of labour. The
        employers provide welfare facilities to the employees to make them more
        efficient.

     8. Social Theory : The social responsibility of business has been assuming
        great significance these days. The social theory implies that a industrial
        establishment is morally bound to improve the conditions of society in
        addition to improving the condition of the employees. Labour welfare is
        gradually taking the shape of social welfare.

                     METHODOLOGY OF THE STUDY
The following Scientific approach was adopted in this study

1.      The objectives of the Study are :

        1. To make an in depth Study of the Quality and type of Welfare Facilities
           provided in an export Oriented Large scale, Engineering Industry
           having International Standard Organization (ISO) Certification and
           Managed Under Private Sector.

        2. To enquire into Safe Practices and Safety Devices used fort the4
           Protection of Men, Materials and Machinery

        3. To find out the level of Job Satisfaction of employees and their attitude
           towards the company and its welfare and safety Policy

2.      The purpose of the study is two fold :

        1. It gives exposure to the student to Industrial Environment and helps
           him to apply research Methodology in making a Scientific, Study of a
           Research Problem.

        2. It helps the Managements of Various industries to compare and
           evaluate the Facilities and Practices observed in the Study with that of
           Facilities and Practices, followed in their industrial Unit.

3.      Methodology :

        Type of study :

      It is a Case Study confined to in depth enquiry in One single Industrial Unit
as regards Health, Safety and Welfare Practices observed there in

        Sources Of material:

        The Information required for the Study was collected from both
        a.     Primary Sources Like, direct observation by the researcher,
               Administration of structured schedule to a stratified sample
                 comprising 20 percent from out of population or universe of
                 Workmen representing various Departments.
         b.      Secondary Data :
                 This was carried on by verification of Records, Registers, Systems,
                 Files, Reports Returns, etc., Maintained by the Factory
                 Administration.
         c.      Sampling :
                As stated earlier the sampling technique employed is “stratified
         random Sampling”. There are 356 Employees working in the Factory on
         regular basis. A sample of 2 of the population (55 Workmen) was selected
         to ensure proper distribution of sample to represent the universe. The
         sample was drawn from various Departments and consists of workmen
         only. Executives, Clerical and Supervisory Staff were excluded.

Since this sample is of manageable magnitude the Researcher deliberately
applied the technique of “Interview Schedule” for collecting first hand information
which ensured cent percent responses from the respondents contacted by the
Researcher. Table ` indicate the Size and Quantity of Sample.




                       Table No. 1 Showing section of Sample

S. No.           Department           Total      Executives   Workmen      Sample
                                    Manpower                                20%

  1.          PLANTOPERATIONS           01           01            -           -

  2           MANAGEMENT                01           01            -           -
              REPRESENTATIVE

  3           TOOL JOINT                81           12           69          14

  4           TUBING & CASING           21            7           14          3

  5           WELD LINE                 35            2           33          7

  6           PROCES GROUP              67           12           55          11
  7     QUALITY                    2            1           1           1
        ASSURANCE

  8     ENGINEERING                6            4           2           1

  9     PRODUCTION                 6            4           2           2
        PLANNING
        CONTROL

  10    MATERIAL                   22           2           20          4
        HANDLING &
        SHIPPING

  11    QUALITY CONTROL            62          16           46          9

  12    MAINTENANCE                48           9           39          8

  13    ELECTRICAL                 34          11           23          5

  14    PERSONNEL &                17           2           15          3
        ADMINISTRATION

  15    ACCOUNTS                   1            1           -           -

  16    CIVIL                      8            1           7           1

  17    STORES                     15           3           12          2



CLASSIFICATION OF DATA :



        The data collected from both Primary and Secondary sources was
classified subject wise. The responses received from Workmen was tabulated
and analyzed and interpreted subject wise.

       The data collected from Secondary sources as Presented in Textual form
under each subject. Wherever necessary the date collected from the Primary
source was put to statistical treatment for the purpose of analysis and
interpretation.
ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA :

       The Study was carried on with an unbiased mind. It is not aimed at serving
any Predetermined notions. This was a field Survey conducted by the researcher
himself and the conclusions were drawn from the date collected on scientific
lines.

      The Methodology applied is scientific in the sense that the Study followed
a Research design as detailed above.

     Bibliography was annexed at the end of the report. The questionnaires
Schedule was also appended.
OIL CONTRY TUBULAR LTD :



      M/S. Oil Country Tubular Limited is a Public limited Company incorporate
under the Companies Act 1956. It’s Registered Office is housed at 108,
Kanchanjunga Complex, King Koti Road, Hyderabd. The company has setup an
Engineering Industry at Shreepuram, in Yellareddyguda Gram Panchayat Limits
of Narketpallly Revenue Mandal, Nalgonda District in Andhra Pradesh for
processing of graded Seamless Pipes. Tool Joints and Couplings and converting
them into Tubular Goods suitable for ready use in oil producing countries world
over.

-     The Company has obtained certification for its Quality Products and
Procedures

-      From International Standards Organization (ISO) and is accredited by

-      American Petroleum Institution (API) and is permitted to use their
       Monogram on The goods produced by the Company as the symbol of
       quality. Oil Exploration and Refining Industries use the Tubular Goods
       produced by the company for Drilling, Tubing and Casing of Oil Wells and
       for establishing and connecting Oil Storage and Supply lines.



The management of the Company is vested in the hands of Board of Directors
with Sri. K. Suryanarayana, as The Managing Director, Sri. K. Joshi as Director
Technical and Sri Sridhar Kamineni as Director International Operations and also
in charge of Factory Management.

The Management has delegated their authority and functions to a dedicated
team of Professional Personnel appointed at different levels ranging from
General manager to Shift Engineer. The policy decisions of the Board are given
practical shape by Departmental in charges who are designated Managers and
The policy decisions are religiously integrated and constantly pursued at all
levels.



                      BRIEF DETAILS MANUFACTURING PROCESS

The Manufacturing process begins with the procurement of Seamless Pipes,
Tool Joint and Couplings manufactured elsewhere.

    a) Upsetting pipe and for increasing Mechanical and Metallurgical Properties
       of the pipe.
    b) Heat Treatment to improve Mechanical and Metallurgical properties of the
       pipes.

    c) Machining Tool Joints and Couplings by Internal and External Threading

    d) Welding Tool Joints and Couplings to Pipe ends.

    e) External and Internal Grinding at weld surface joints

    f) Internal Coating and External Painting to protect from corrosion and give
       aesthetic look at the goods.

    g) And Packing and forwarding – are the manufacturing and allied processes
       undertaken at OCTL factory.

    The investment on Machinery and Equipment is to a tune of Rs. 70 Crores in
    the year 1987. The purpose of making such a huge investment on Machinery
    and Equipment is to make the industry “Pollution Free”

    THE MAIN FEATURES OF MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT

    1. The Machinery installed in the Factory are sophisticated and operate upon
       electronically controlled Computerized system.

    2. The Furnaces installed work on smokeless LPG burners.



    THE FACTORY ENVIRONS

-   The factory is situated at Sreepuram, Narketpally, Nalgonda District. National
    Highway –9, 86 kilometers away from Hyderabad (86kms). And 22 kilometers
    from Nalgonda Town.

-   The factory is spread over in 60 acres of land and the construction of building
    and sheds ensured free flow of air and ventilation.

-   One third of the total land area in the Factory Premises has been earmarked
    and devoted to develop and maintain greenbelt in all seasons.



    The Present Study is closely linked with the organizational set-up and
    functions of

    Personnel Department of OCTL. Hence it is relevant to focus attention on this
    aspect.
             PERSONAL AND ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT




FUNCTIONS OF FOUR WINGS

All the functions of the personnel and Administration (P&A) Department are
enumerated and classified into four major wings with a view to assign them to the
in-charge of a specific Functional wing. They are as follows.



   1. RESOURSE   DEVELOPOMENT               TRAINING       AND     INDUSTRIAL
      RELATIONS WING :

   -   Man Power requirements – Determination and Planning

   -   Recruitment

   -   Selection

   -   Appointment

   -   Induction/ Orientation

   -   Appraisals

   -   Promotions and Transfers
-   Separations and settlement of final accounts

-   Personnel Records – Maintenance and upkeep

- Training to ensure that its is as per Procedure laid down in Training
Manual

-   Coordination and Liaison with Internal Department and External Agencies.



2. HEALTH, SAFETY AND WELFARE WING AND PERSONAL ADMN
   WING

-   Compliance with relevant provisions under the Factories Act and the state
    Rules framed there under, including renewal of License, getting approvals
    or Exemptions, Reporting Accident and Filling of Returns.

-   Execution and enforcement of Safety Rules

-   Compliance with the provisions of

-   Minimum Wages Act

-   Equal Remuneration Act

-   National & Festival Holidays Act

-   Workman’s Compensation Act

-   Maternity Relief Act

-   Employees state insurance Act

-   Administration of Welfare Schemes including med claim insurance,
    accident insurance, Provident fund and gratuity

-   To ensure timely coverage of all employees under aforesaid schemes

-   Settlement of claims as and when raise

-   To ensure proper treatment for On duty Injuries sustained by employees
    and scrutiny and vouching of expenditure incurred there of.

-   Participation in and promoting the effective functioning of the following
    committees

-   Canteen Committee

-   Safety Committee
-   Transport Committee

-   Works Committee

-   Procurement and supply and uniform clothe, Personal Safety Devices,
    First Aid Kits and Medicines for Dispensary

-   Employee counseling including Family visits.

-   House keeping, that is to say maintenance and development of Green Belt
    Area, Plants and Gardens

-   Safe working atmosphere in the Factory premises

-   Safe and hygienic conditions on shop - floors

-   Employees Talent Exposure by organizing Socio – Cultural and
    Recreational activities, competitions at Factory level and to depute
    employees to participate in Such activities conducted by Governments
    and Voluntary Agencies out side.

-   Coordination and liaison with internal Department and External Agencies.



3. PERSONNEL ADMINISTRATION WING :

The wing consist of two main functional groups, namely security and Time
   office

    a.    SECURITY :

    -     Controlling, Guiding, Supervising and Reporting on incoming and `
                Outgoing men and Materials

    -     Keeping vigilance on the activities inside the premises and

    -     Receiving and according cordial reception to Guests and to guide
          them reach proper places or put them in contact with concerned
          individuals and authorities.
(b). TIME OFFICE

 Maintain ing Computerized Attendance Recording System in good worling
 Condition
 Nothing and reporting late Gion or Early Coming
 Personnel on overtime work
 Gate pass movements
 Shift Scheduling
 Absenteeism
 Physical Attendance Verification
 Gate Recruitment of Daily Casual/Temporary Labour and settlement nd payment
 Of their wages
 To Control and monitor movement of vehicles and issuance of diesel and engine oil
 To arrange renewal of Registration and Insurance of vehicle and Licenses of
 Drivrs
 To handle Communication Ststem – by Post , Fax, Telephone , Telex Intenet,
 Courier or by any other means or mode, incoming and outgoing.
 Processing of Employees Applications, Requests, Replies and Appeals and to
 Communicate back to the concerned Employees about the status of such
 Applications, Requests, Replies and Appeals
 Constitution and help effectively functioning of the following Committees by
 Rendering Secretarial Services .
                    Factory Level Personnel Selection Committee
                    Transport Committee
                    Local Purchase Committee
 Generation of Reports concerning Personnel Administration
 Maintenance and preserving Records as required under various Statutes, including
 Display of Notices, Shift Schedules, Leave records.
 To ensure compliance with the Rules and Regulations framed in order to protect
 Environment and Control Pollution.
 Manpower Utilization Monitoring
 Coordination and Liaison with Internal Department and External Agencies.
       3.EMPLOYEE RELATIONS WING

         Interpretation and Implementation of Service Conduct Discipline and Appeal Rules
         Applicable to Executives, Supervisors and Staff and Standing Order in respect of
         Other Employees.
         Maintenance of Cordial Relations with Employees, Trade Unions in Labour
         Associations, including Joint Consultations.
         To draw and implements Grievances Settlement Procedure
         Administration of Rewards and Recognition
         To promote measure for involvement of Workers Participation in Bipartite
         Committees and to improve upon employees morale.
         Collective Bargaining Agreements and their interpretation and enforcement.
         Determination and Fixing Pay Scales, Special Allowances etc.
         Handling Disciplinary Cases .
         Diagnosing the industrial relations Problems and to take Preventive measures to
         Ensure industrial peace and Harmony and uninterrupted production …




          Engaging competent Lawyers to attend cases pending in Courts or to institute fresh
         Case on behalf of the company , including appeals, withdrawal of cases
         Collection, compilation and interpretation of statistical date concerning labour
         Turnover and absenteeism.
         Preparation of reports and collection of information as may be required to be give
         Under any Law or called upon to do so by the Management
         Co-ordination and Liaison with internal Department and External Agencies.


SHIFT:

Production activities are carried in three (3) shift and employees attend their duties as per
Notified shift schedule on rotation. Staff and managerial personal some in genereal shift
The general service conduct discipline and appel Rules 1999 of the company defend the
Terms relating toi shift as under.

Shift ; means part of day compressing a minimum of eight hours duty divided into periods of
Work but not spread over,for more than ten and half hours including interval of rest in any
Day and in that part of the day a set of employees work either on regular or non ration basic.


Schedule shift : means either normal shift of special shift.
Normal shift: means any one or all of the following shifts(s):


1. morning shift: means the shift in which the working hours shall commences in the
  forenoon, but not general shift: and it usually commences at 06-00 hours and
  treatments around 14-hours on any working day. This is also called ―A‖shift.


2. evening shift means the shift in which the working hours shall commence in the
  afternoon but the termination of which does not extent beyond mid night: and it usually
  commences at 14-00 hours and terminates at 22-00 hours on any working day. This is
  also called ―b‖shift.


3. night shift : means the shift in which the working hours shall commence in the night
  and the termination of which extents beyond mid night: and it usually commences at
  22-00 hours and terminates at 6-00 hours on the next morning. This is also ―C‖shift.


4. general shift: means the shift in which the working hours shall be spread over during
  day light time, but not morning shift: and it usually commences at 08-00 hours and
  terminates at 16-30 hours on any working day. This is also called ―G‖shift.


Special shift : means one or more shift(S) which is not a normal shift and the time of its
Commencement and termination shall be intimated by special notice daily signed by an
Officer , not below the rank of manager , of P&A department and such a shift(s) arrangement
Is made in view of exigencies of work at any given periods of time of the employees
Scheduled to work in such special shift (s)shall continue to do so till further orders are issued
Dispensing with such special shift(s) arrangement.
Shift schedule : in respect of an employee means a statement containing the names of a set
Of employees indicating the shift(S) in which they are required to attent , report and be ready
For duty at the commencement of the work in that specified shift which may be a normal or
Special shift(s) in any day or for a specified period.



            At present the following shift timings are in force




                                                              MANPOWER:
         The man-Power of the factory is distributed into Various Departments as Shown
         Table.2
                                        Table.2       Distribution of Man Power at OCTL Factory
       S.No       DEPARTMENT                   EXECUTIVES            STAFF       OPERATORS        TOTAL
       01         PLANT OPERATIONS             01                    -                            01
       02         MANAGEMENT                   01                      -         -                01
                  REPRESENTATIVE
       03         TOTAL JOINT                  12                    01          68               81
       04         TUBING & CASING              07                    -           14               21
       05         WELD LINE                    02                    -           33               32
       06         PROCESS GROUP                12                    03          52               67
       07         PRODUCTION PLANNING          04                    02          -                06
       08         METERIAL HANDLING            02                    05          15               22
       09         QULITY CONTROL               16                    09          37               62
       10         QULITY ASSURANCE             01                    01          -                02
       11         ENGINEERING                  04                    01          01               06
       12         MAINTENANCE                  09                    02          37               48
       13         ELECTRICA                    11                    05          18               34
       14         PERSONNEL AND                04                    11          04               17
                  ADMINISTRATION
       15         ACCOUTS                      01                    -           -                01
       16         CIVIL                        01                    -           07               08
       17         STORE                        03                    06          06               15



         CATEGORY WISE MANPOWER DETAILS are shown in table-3

                                                    Table -3 Classified Man Power details

         S.No             Category                                        No.of Employees
1    ASSISTANT GENERAL MANAGERS   2
2    SENIOR MANAGERS              4
3    MANAGERS                     5
4    DY.MANAGERS                  1
5    ASSISTANT MANAGERS           1
6    SENIOR MANAGERS              2
7    PLANT ENGINEERS              9
8    OFFICERS                     2
9    JR.OFFICER                   1
10   STORES OFFICER               1
11   ENGINEERS                    36


12   TR.ENGINEERS                      12
13   ASST STORES OFFICER               1
14   ASST ACCOUNT OFFICER              1
15   QC INSPECTOR                      3
16   SR INSPECTOR                      2
17   SR.EXCUTIVES                      4
18   EXCUTIVES                         3
19   SR.SUPERVIOSRS                    6
20   TECHNICIAN                        4
21   JR. TECHNICIAN                    4
22   ASSISTANTS                        8
23   JR.DRAFTMAN                       1
24   JR.ASSISTANTS                     16
25   COOK-C                            1
26   COOK-B                            2
27   FOREMAN-I                         4
28   OPERATOR-EIII                     2
29   OPERATOR-DI                       2
30   OPERATOR-DIII                     1
31   OPERATOR-DII                      4
32   OPERATOR-CIII                     23
33   OPERATOR-CII                      8
34   OPERATOR-CI                       1
35   OPERATOR-BIII                     16
36   OPERATOR-BII                      15
37   OPERATOR-BI                       112
38   OPERATOR-AII                      4
39   OPERATOR-AI                       33
40   DRIVER-CIII                       1
41   DRIVER-CI                         1
42   DRIVER-BIII                       1
43   DRIVER-BI                         2
44   DRIVER-AI                         5
45   TR.OPERATORS                      17
46   TR.DRIVERS                        2
47   TR.TECHNICIAN                     2
48   HELPERS                           38
49   TR.HELPERS                        1
     TOTAL                                   427
LABOUR WELFARE FACILITIES IN OCTL:

The management of OCTL believes the Principle that the progress of an industry depend
on the extent to which its labour force is satisfied and basing on this Principal and in
order to develop the overall Personality of the work force, management has provided
many Welfare Facilities in the organization .


In fact, the Labour Welfare Scheme in OCTL is regarded as a ― Wish investment ―Which
Shows profitable returns is in the form of greater efficency in the lay run. The management of
OCTL is ― Welfare’’ conscious and has included in the ambit of amenities of all Social Security
And Social insurance Schemes for the comfortable and happy living of the employees




PERSONAL POLICY

The personal policy statement issued by the director shall be the basis for listing out the
Functions and procedure for carrying out activities of this department and the same is quite
For ready reference hereunder.


       1. The importance of human resources in attainment of the sorporate objective is well
           Recognized at OCTL and the management views human resources as the most
           Valuable of all other assets of the organization.


           The personal policy of the company is


           To attract and secure the service of competent and capable or potentially
           Competent and capable personal.


           To provide maximum scope for the individual development within the organization.
           To retain at all times an adequate number of contented personnel.


           Optimum utilization of human resources.




        2. In conformity with the companys personal policy the objectives of HEALTH
           & SAFETY , WELFARE FUNCTIONS shall initially be laid down and may
           be modified, altered, amended or rectified subsequently from time to time.


        WELFARE


         It is evident from the data available that the ideal vefore the OCTL management
has
         Been to gear up its welfare activites taking into account the overall development
of an
         Employees personality and living standards in terms of his


               Physical
               Psychological
               Intellectual
               Socio-cultural
               Economic and
               Spiritual well-being


The following statutory amenties and facilities are provided within the factory for the
welfare of the employees.


1.Drinking water


In compliance with section . 18 of the factories act.1948 , wholesome drinking water has
been
Provided on all shop floors and work-spots. Besides this, six water coolers are provided
at
Convenient and easily and accessible places for the benefit of employees on duty in the
Factory during different shift timings . Table 4 shows the location of water coolers.




Table -4 location of water cooler in OCTL factory premises.



                 S.NO       LOCATION – WATER               NUMBER
                            COOLERS                        OF
                                                           COOLERS
                 01         OFFICE                         01
                 02         CANTEEN                        01
                 03         TOOL JOINT                     01
                 04         WELD LINE                      01
                 05         UPSETTING                      01
                 06         N.D.T                          01


2.URINALS AND LATRINES


Under section – 19 of the factories Act, adequate number of latrines and urinals are
required
To be provided in the factory and maintained in good sanitary conditions . Table -5shows
in
The factory premises and the same would indicate that the provisions made are above the
statutory requirement.
Table -5 location of latrines and urinals in OCTL factory premises.

S.NO.         LOCATION/DEPARTMENT                         NUMBERS           NUMBER
                                                          OF                OF
                                                          LATRINES          URINALS
01            OFFICE                                      02                03
02            RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT                      02                02
              BUILDING/QC
03            TRAINING                  02                                  03
              SCHOOL/LIBRARY/CONFERENCE
              HALL
04            MD’S OFFICE               01                                  01
05            MAIN GATE / VEHICLES      01                                  01
             PARKING PREMISES
06           AUTOMOBILE                                   02                02
             SHED/SUBSTATION/GENERATOR
             HOUSE
07           COATING PLANT                                03                03
08           WELD LINE, TUBING & CASING                   03                04
             DEPARTMENT
09           TOOL-JOINT                                   03                04
10           N.D.T/L.P.G                                  02                02
11           REST ROOM                                    03                03


3.REST SHELTERS

Under Section – 47. rest room is provided with attached toilets and with all other
facilities.




4.LOCKERS

Under section -43.factories Act.1948. lockers have been providede to the every employee
for
Keeping safety quipment and clothes and personal belongings of workmen On-duty.

5.FIRST AID BOX

Under section -45 factories act.1948.first aid boxes are provided in every shop floors.
One
Trained first aider is made in charge of the first aid kit.

6.AMBULANCE

Though there is no statutory obligation on the part of the management to provide
ambulance
Services under sec….. factories Act.1948. A van is provided in the factory for the
immediate movement of injured employees to the nearest Hospital and also pick up sick
employees
From their home to Kamineni Institute of Medical Sciences Hospital (Hospital)
Narketpally and also to Hyderabad for further treatment, if required.
7.INDUSTRIAL HEALTH CENTRE

The kamineni education society has established kamineni Institute of medical sciences at
narketpally under which a medical college is being run with an attached general hospital
of 350 bed capacity . this institution is adjacent to OCTL factory and OCTL management
is
Having very good tie- up with the kamineni institute of medical sciences (hospital) and
Kamineni hospital , Hyderabad for providing better medical facilities to their Employees.


8.UNIFORMS


The management of OCTL is provided Uniforms to workmen and to all the workmen
Employed through contractors free of cost.


9.CANTEEN


Under Sec.46 Factories Act.1948 Canteen has been provided with in the factory Premises
OCTL factory Canteen is run by a Canteen Managing Committee,           two Employees are
Designated on rotation basis as active representative to look after the day to day canteen
Functions. They will hold the office for a nperiod of two months.


The canteen building lighting. Fans , equipments, utensils, cooking gas etc. are provided
by the management. The canteen Managing Committee to supply meals and food stuffs
and
Hot Beverages like coffee and tea.


The subsidized rates of food in canteen are as follows



                  MENU                             RATES
                  MEALS(FULL)                      12.00
                  TEA                              01.25
                  COFFEE                           03.00
                  EGG                              03.00
CANTEEN COMMITTEE:

The Canteen managing Committee consisting of one chairman and three Representatives
From each group namely Executives and operator. The composition of the committeeas
on
28th september.2000 here under:

                    Sri. V. Dinakar AGM
                                      Plant Operations       - chairman
                    Sri. G. Venubabu
                               In-charge (pers & Admn)       - Secretary
                    Sri. K. Mastan Rao(Manager)
                                      Process Group          - Member
                     Sri. G. Hari Babu
                               Sr. Supervisor (Maint)        - Member
                     Sri.P.V. Subba Reddy
                               Operator(Process Group)       - Member
                     Sri. K.Raju
                                      Operator (N D T)       - Member

The Credit facility is extended to the employees abailing the canteen facility and their
out-
Standing are deducted from their monthly salaries.

10.FOOD ALLOWANCE

the company apart subsidized canteen facility pays:


   1. Food Allowance is Rs.12/-(Rupees Twelve Only) for every category of
       employees for each day of physical Attendance at work in any shift.
   2. 50% of the Food Allowance Rate is being paid to all categories of employees
       when they
       are detained on excess duty hours ranging behind two and half hours to fours on
       any day over and above their normal shift working hours. Beyond four hours who
       have been detained for emergency works they are entitled Rs.12/-(Rupees Twelve
       only) in
       addition to the usual Food Allowance.
11.GUEST HOUSE

There is a guest House maintained by the Company. It contains Six (6) suits and Ten (10)
Deluxe rooms. Accommodation will be arranged need based for the visitors who ever
attends company Works.

12.RECREATIONAL AND SPORTS FACILITIES

   1. competitions which have bearing on the intellectual development of employees
      like
      essay writing , Safety and Quality slogans, Elocution and debate, quiz on current
      affairs , safe practices quality parameters. Songs are usually conducted on the
      event of independence day.




   2. Games and Sports competitions are usually held on the Republic day occasion , a
       Variety of events like High jump, long kump , Running , shortfoot and games like
       shuttle
       Badminton,khabadi , cricket chess etc., are planned for physical well being and
       Development of employees.
Committee:            There is a cultural committee consisting Five members and the In-
charge ( P & A ) is the chairman of the committee.functions of the committee is include
conducting of vario0us competitions for physical, intellectual and emotional development
                                                            of
employees.

13.CULTURAL ACTIVITIES
         The main object of the cultural committee is to promote cultural activities and
                                                            togive
Entertainment to the employees . the motto of the committee is to develop fine arts and to
Develop and give exposure to the talent available among employees and to recognize
                                                            such
Talent by suitable awards and rewards . In the year1999 an employee by name Mr.
Narasimha Chary working in weld line shop as a operator won first prize in safety songs
Competitions on National safety day conducted by the National safety Council,
A.P.chapter , Hyderabad ).

14.ATTENDANCE BONUS.

The Workmen are eligible for attendance bonus i.e. 45/- (Forty Five Only) per month for
Attending the work on all working days in the month . however an exemption to the rule
                                                           is that
One Day Sanctioned paid leave is allowed in a month for getting the Attendance Bonus.
15.WASHING ALLOWANCE

The Management is paying Rs.25/-(rupees Twenty Five Only)per month as a washing
                                                       Allowance
For every Workman.

16. SPECIAL ALLOWANCE

Workmen in certain specific areas namely
                  1. Upsetting area
                  2. Phospating area
                  3. Hard banding Area
                  Are continue to enjoy special Allowance at rate of rs. 40 /-(rupees
Forty
                  Only)per month.

17.HOUSE RENT ALOOWANCE

OCTL Management is paying 25 % of their basic salary as House rent Allowance to all
the Employees working at factory. Which works out , in actual practice more than what
an
Employee incurs.

18. UMBRELLAS AND RAIN COATS

Umbrellas and rain Coats are issued to all Employees on-Duty on returnable basis during
Monsoon season to cover their person and protect their health.




19.FESTIVAL ADVANCE

Festival Advance of Rs.2,000/-(rupees two thousand only) is being paid to workmen and
Same will be recovered in ten monthly installment . in case of Executives Festival
advace
Not exceeding tow months basic pay is paid…


This advance is usually given during Dasara , Christmas and Ramzan festival days to
hindus,
Christians and Muslims respectively
20. LABOUR WELFARE FUND

Under labour Welfare Fund Act 1982.all employees are contributing to the Labour
Welfare
Fund @ Rupees Two per annum each and management also adding thir contribution of
Rupees Five in respect of each employee and depositing the same under the labour
Welfare
Fund maintained by labour Department , Government of Andhra Pradesh under this
scheme
Employees who contribute this fund will be entitled to benefit under

CATEGORY                         CONTRIBUTION AMOUNT
                                 PER .MONTH
Managers                         07=00
Executives                       05=00
Staff                            04=00
Operators                        03=00
Helpers                          02=00

The Fund is under the control of a Board of Trustees and it is utilized for the purpose of
Meeting contingencies of employees or their family members is case of temporary
Disablement: sickness accidents and deth and in other cases of un-deserved want

21. INSURANCE POLICIES FOR BENEFITTING EMPLOYEES

The Employees of the company are coverd by the following categories of insurance
Policies
1.WORKMEN COMPENSATION PLOICY
2.GROUP PERSONAL ACCIDENT INSURANCE POLICY
3.PUBLIC LIBILITY INSURANCE POLICY
4.UNIVERSAL HEKTH INSURANCE POLICY
5.TRAFFIC ACCIDENT CUM HOSPATALIZATION INSURANCE POLICY
Workmen compensation policy :

This policy is meant for protecting workmen during temporary/permanent disablement
whenever this workmen meets on-duty injuries or occupational diseases are contacted
and also fatal accidents.

UNIVERSAL HEALTH INSURANCE POLICY:

Under this policy employees are entitled for reimbursement of medical and hospital
expenses incurred during hospitalization for certain diseases or occupational injuries .
This measure has been taken by individual employees as group to protect themselves and
family members.

This coverage is up to Rs 30000/- for total group for one hospitalization for one member
With in one year is up to 15000/- as also been extended to family members of employees
.

Group personal accident insurance policy

Under this policy all executives are covered against on duty injuries or occupational
degases or death.

Public liability insurance policy

The company also pays premium towards public liability insurance policy as liquid
petroleum gas (LPG) is being stored in huge quantity in factory premises.

TRAFFIC ACCIDENT CUM HOSPITALAIZATION INSURANCE POLICY :-

Under this policy the policy holder meet only accident on road in collection with motor
vehicle a company shall reimburse up to 100000/- as coupon an hospitalaization expences
Rs 100000/-

22.Medical expenses allowance

Apart from giving protection under insurance coverage as aforesaid , the OCTL
management is reimbursing medical expenses to be eligible employee who put up to 40
days physical attendance in a year this facility can be available by an employee in respect
office dependent family members also this arrangement fills-up the gap where insurance
claim cannot be entertained.insure dby an employee not exceeding an amount equivalent
to one’s one month basic pay
23 LEAVE TRVEL CONCESSION

OCTL Management is paying month basic salary as leave travel concession in a year to
all the employees working in the factory
24.EMPLOYEES CO OPERATIVE

To protect economic interest and also co operative attitudes among the employees , the
management promotes and encourages the employees to form and established societies
under co operative law
The OCTL Employees consumers co operative stores limited is being Regd No #
618/TH/99 organize in the factory premises


It may be pertinent to note here that this co-operative stores was able to manage an
agency for supply of LPG gas for the benefit of its employs from bharat petroleum
corporation limited (BPCL).


25. TRANSPORT FACILITIES TO EMPOLYEES

OTCL management has provide to all employs working in various shifts to and from
subsidizes transport facility from work spot.

The hired busses operate in three different routes i.e.,
                      1. Factory to Nalgonda—and back
Apart from one tata sumo is also hired to facilitate movement of employees on official
work.

Subsidiaries transport charges are deducted from their salaries every month.
The details as shown under:-

PLACE/TOWN/VILLAGE EXCUITIVES                        STAFF             OPERATORS &
NAME                                                                   HELPERS
NALGONDA           175.00                            100.00            80.00
NARKETPALLY        60.00                             50.00             35.00

26. PROVIDENT FUND

The contributory provident fund scheme is in vogue. The management contribution is
12%
(twelve percent) of the basic wages and employees are contributing equal amount.

27. DEARNESS ALLOWANCE

No employee whether employed directly or through contractor or employes in perment,
Casual or temporary jobes in paid wages less then statutory minimum wages.

OCTL Management is paying D.A & V.D.A. to the work man as per the settlement
arrived at once in every three years by the agreement between. The management and
workmen. And this V.D.A. is based on consumer price index numbers to nutolise
inflatoroy tendencies of prices of essential commodities in the market to maintain level of
real wages.
28. GRATUITY

As per rules framed under Gratuity Act. The management is playing a lum-sum premium
amount to the life insurance corporation and insured the gratuity. The premium amount
will be paid every year at regular intervals. The amount of gratuity payable to an
employee on ti,e of separation from the employment of the company is paid and settled
with a span of 30 to 45 days.

29. HOLIDAYS

Sec.3 of the A.P. Factories and Establishments (national, Festival and others holidays Act
1974. the management is declaring 10 (TEN) paid holidays i.e. 4 (four) National
Holidays, 6 (six) Festival Holidays every calendar year, after discussing with the
Employees Repersentatives.




National Holidays :
   1. Republic day
   2. May Day
   3. Independence Day
   4. Mahatma Gandhi Jayanthi.

Festival Holidays:
   1. Makara Sankaranti
   2. Sriramanavami
   3. Ugadhi
   4. Vinayaka Chavithi
   5. Vijiya Dasami (Dasara)
   6. Deepavali


30. REWARDS FOR HOUSE KEEPING & GARDEN MAINTENANCE

it is known fact that good house keeping practices contribute:-
     1. to prevention of Accidents
     2. to improve the Efficiency of workmen
     3. to eliminate wastes
     4. to improve aesthetic sense
apart from preventing pollution Generation.

The personnel policy of the company envisages involvements of all employees at various
levels in the organization up-keeping the house neat clean and tidy at all times. This in
france can be draw from the fact that the personnel Department Conducts once in a years
housekeeping competition between various shop floors in which all employees actively
participate to win the rolling shield instituted second and third prizes for the purpose.

Gardening:

The factory premise is comprised of a single piece of sixty acres of land. Out of which to
an extent of more then 30% (Thirty Percent) is earmarked for development of greenery.
Seven acres of land is exclusively developed into Gardens. The Green belt is covered by
fruit bearing, Flowering, and shade given plants, commercial plants like teak wood
plantation is also notice in a area of 2 (two) acers. Lawns, Hanging Creepers and Croton
Rows are found near and around all the sheds.




The following tables will indicate:-

GREENBELT           MEASURMRMT SHADE                      FRUIT             FLOWER
AREA                           PLANTS                     PLANTS            PLANTS
                               NO.                        NO.               NO.
UPSETTING           160’X92’   40                         -                 -
DEPT.CORNER
OPEN AREA
COATING             196’X274’            410 TEAK         -                 -
PLANT WEST                               PLANTS
SIDE
UPSETTING           196’X130’            35               -                 -
SOUTH SIDE
HEAT                120’X49’             25               -                 10
TREATMENT
FRONT SIDE
NDT WEST            235’X35’             2                2                 80
SIDE
PUMP HOUSE          190’X121’            22               -                 -
SCRAYAD             144’X65’             30               60                -
OFFICE BANK         117’X62’             -                31 BADAM          20
SIDE
TOOL JOINT          93’X74’              09               -                 15
BACK SIDE
CANTEEN             110’X140’             -                22 BADAM         10
AREA                                                                        CREEPERS
STORES              30’X60’               -                -                20
                                                                            CREEPERS
AUTO SHED           327’X186’             45               28 TEAK          -
COMPERSSOR          100’X75’              32               -                24
AREA                                                                        CREEPERS
                                                                            CROTONS
R&D AREA            157’X156’             12               32 ORANGE        20ROSE
COATING             340’X55’              52               -                -
PLANT AREA
COATING             100’X55’              23               -                -
PLANT
BACKSIDE
R&D                 75’X162’              -                -                LAWN
TIME OFFICE         142’X132’             12                                LAWN &
MAIN GATE                                                                   CROTONS

31. OCTL TRAINING SCHOOL

OTCL beaing a high tech oriented industry competing with its products in international
markets, the need for attainment certain standards is essential for the individual
employees to perfume efficiently in their respective jobs.

Training has been made systematic, methodical and institutionalized through the
establishment of OCTL Training for this purpose within the factory premises.

The OCTL training school, with its functional organs gives not only solid shape and
structure to the training activity but also needed thrust to organized training to an
employee or a class of employees. The school undertakes the responsibility of
conduction training as per the preconceived and spelled out policy of company.

The four (4) functional organs under which the activities of the school are carrid out are:
     1. the advisory board
     2. the academic council
     3. the training faculty
     4. the secretariat

The school is equipped with all Amenities, Furniture, Modern Teaching Aids as well as a
library.

   1. The Advisory Board:

Advisory Board is the apex body which Formulates Training policy provides funds for
implementing Training Policy, and gives guidance to the academic council.
It consists of a chairman and two (2) Members. The Director in charge of Factory shall
be the ex-officio Members and acts as the chairman of the Board. The other two
Members on the Board shall be nominated by the chairmen choosing one each from
administration and production departments and shall hold the office at the pleasure of the
chairmen

   2. The Academic Council

This is organ which translates the Training Policy into practice and implement it. The
other functions of the Academic of the Academic Council are
To lay down standards of Training
To decide syllabus
To select Faculty Members
To identify agencies and Facilities for External Training
To fix duration of various Training programmers
To procure journals, Standards, References books, Technical literature and others study
materials and teaching aids.
To list out functional of faculty Members and to fix their duties and responsibilities
towards Trainees, Training Programmers and Training School and to over see the
functions of faculty Members.
To review the syllabus, methods and techniques of Training and to bring any
modifications and alterations to make the Training effective.
To provide any infra-structure and other facilities found lacking. To report to the advisory
Board about the activities of the school on the functioning of the Faculty and this
Academic Council.

The Academic Council consists of not less than three (3) and no more than seven (7)
Members selected and nominated from among the Head of the Departments or In charge
of Shops by the Advisory Board. The Members of the Academic Council shall elect one
among them as chairmen who shall preside over the meetings of the Council. Usually the
Senior Manger, in charge of training shall in ex-officio capacity, be nominated as
Members of the Council and Designated as chairman to preside over the meetings of the
Council.



         DOCUMENTATION
   The following and format have been designed and put to use as a measure of
   documentation of vital informantion on training activity at OCTL school.

       1.   Monthly Training Plan.
       2.   Training Calendar.
       3.   Course Content Form.
       4.   Course Implementation Form.
       5.   Evaluation of Training Programme.
       6.   Record of Attendance at Training Programme.
32. LEAVE FACILITY IN OCTL
ELIBILITY CADRE , NATURE AND ETENT OF LEAVE FACILITY

Different categoies of employee at our factory are entitled for leave facility usually on
completion of 240 days of continuous service in a calendar year as shown in Table-1

Quantity in days of leave facitity for different cadres of employees
Cadre                   Casual leave              Sick leave             Earned leave
Executives              12                        12                     15
Staff                   10                        12                     15
Operators&helpers       09                        09                     As per factory act -1
                                                                         Day for every 20
                                                                         days of service

Maximum permissible limits of accumulation
S.No         Cadre                   Casual leave          Sick leave        Earned leave`
01           Executives              12                    24                30
02           Staff                   10                    24                30
03           Operators&helpers       09                    18                24
04           Trainees
                 A) Engineers        12                    X                 X
                 B) Others           06                    X                 x

MINIMUM BALANCE TO BE MAINTAINED AT CREDIT AFTER
ENCACMENT MINIMUM QUANTITY IN DAYS REQUIRED FOR
ENCASHMENT CLAIME

S.no               CADRE              SICK LEAVE + EARNED LEAVES

1
2


HEALTH, SAFTY AND HYGINENE AT OCTL FACTORY (17th page)

At OCTL Factory , Industry Safety is up held as an important Management function.
Structural & Functional Analysis of Safety Organization at OCTL can be studies and
understood by referring to the data collected on the following aspects.

       1. The Health and safety Policy of the factory.
       2. The Safety Committee.
       3. General Health and Safety rules.
       4. Hazard analysis and Risk Assessment report(s).
       5. On site Emergency Plan.
       6. Personal Safety Protective devise.
       7. Installation and location of fire fighting equipment.
       8. First Aid and Medical Facilities.
       9. Permit Systems.
       10. Training Programs on health and safety.
       11. Awareness and propaganda campaign.
       12. Check list of safe practices at OCTL factory.
1. Health and Safety Policy :-

        The intentions of OCTL Management in this regard have been spelled out in the
policy statement issued on May 12 th ,1998 by out Directed Sri Sridhar Kamineni.

        1.‖This policy of OCTL operates in a manner design to protect the health and
safety of its employees and other members of the community in which the factory carries
on its production activities.
        2. Health and Safety is personal responsibility of every employee and
enforcement of health and safety rules and regulations is a line
        3. Responsibility and executives and all levels are accountable
        4. In accordance with this policy OCTL Administration at factory.

                1. Designs, Construct, operates, maintains and manages its operations
                  to prevent unacceptable risk to human health
                  To provide work places free of recognized safety hazard
                2. Compiles with all applicable statutory, Governmental and internal
                health and safety requirements
                3. Establishes and communicates standards on health and safety through
                training and awareness programs.
                4. Encourages the Participation of employees at all levels in health and
                safety programs and activities
                5. Monitors, Evaluates and reports to the management on periodic basis
                the health status and safety programs.‖
2. THE SAFETY COMMITTEE.
        The Safety committee at our factory, the main purpose for which the safety
committee is constituted is generate, develop and sustain a voluntary movement at
factory level to promote awareness of safety, health and environment so as to supplement
, strengthen and give effect to the declare safety policy. Towards that end the committee
recommends procedures and practices for ensuring health environment and measures for
accident preventions. This committee also monitors the implementations of statutory and
other regulation for ensuring safety and risk prevention by dealing with physical and
psychological factors and creating safety awareness in the organization. The Composition
of the committee is as follows:
1        Mr.N.C.Ramanathan                        Chairman
         Asst.General Manager
         (Maintenance)
2        Mr.V.Dinakar                             Member
         Asst.General Manager
         (Plant Opertions)
3        Mr.K.S.N.Sarma                           Co-ordinator
         Sr.Manager(P&A)
4        Mr.G.Venubabu                            Secretary
         In-charge(Pers& Admin)
5        Mr.R.Raji Reddy                         Member
         Sr.Supervisor(Process Group)
6        Mr.G.Ramanna                            Member
         Operator(Weld Line)
7        Mr.G.Soloman Reddy                      Member
         Operatory(Weld Line)
8        Mr.P.Deva Raju                          Member
         Operatory(Mechanical Maint)

The decision of the committee are informed to concerned people by circulars and,
whenever necessary, to all employee by pasting a copy of it on Notice Boards both in
English and Telugu Languages.

3. GENERAL HEALTH AND SAFETY RULES.

As an action corollary to the Health and safety policy of the company, the safety rules are
amended, consolidated, codified and issued now by the safety committee. The Policy
makes it clear that enforcement of safety rules and Regulation is a Line Responsibilities
and Executives      at all Levels are accountable.
Therefore, you need to get yourself adequately acquainted with the safety rules and the
technique of enforcing them to achieve the declare objectives of the safety policy.
The new bunch of safety rules in telugu issued in the form of a book-let .On 4th march
1999 the company celebrated nation safety day and safety week.
A copy of this book-let will be supplied to every employee of the company to enable him

    -   Firstly to understand safety rules and
    -   Subsequently to stand under them.



   1. HAZARD ANALYSIS AND RISK ASSESSMENT REPORT( HARAR)
This is a very valuable document because it highlights possible areas at factory from
where unacceptable risk to human health and recognized safety hazards may crop up.
This report indicates three types of hazards possibilities.
   - Operational Hazards
   - Storage Hazards and
   - Other Hazard.




        The Hazards may arise during – Receipt, Unloading, Storage, Transfer
        and Use of LPG and HSD and/ or during the activities carried on in power
        generation, phosphate, sand blasting and spray painting (coating) shops
        where corrosive spills, emanation of silica dust, generation of solvent
        vapor and paint related fires are possible to occur;.
5. ON SITE EMERGENCY :

On site Emergency Plan (OSEP) has also been drawn to provide basic
Guidelines to the personnel OCTL for effective combating in case of Disaster
or Hazard. This plan covers information regarding.

-   The properties of chemical used in our Factory

-   The operations involved in the plant.

-   The type of Disaster and

-   The Accident – prone Zones

Under this plan, every Employee has a specific role to pay and Duties and
Responsibilities to discharge in the event and to combat any kind of
Emergency situation. Some personnel from top to bottom level in the
hierarchy of company have been designated and named as site Controller,
Emergency Coordinators, Incident Controllers, Key Personnel and Essential
Employee.

Office building is notified as Emergency Control and its key are available at
security in non working hours.

Every shift Engineer must read OSEP thoroughly and remember not only his
Duties kind responsibilities but also that of the operators specified therein.



6. PERSONAL SAFETY PROTECTIVE DEVICES

The administration of the Factory keeps sufficient stocks of Personnel Safety
protective Devices in store and Supplies them free of cost as per needs to
each and every Employee. The management expects.

- That the benefits of this facility / investments to be a availed by all
Employee

-   That the use of these Devices to be made compulsory

-   That the safety Rules in respect of their use to be enforced strictly

Various personal safety protective devices that are required to be used by the
Employee in different Shop Floor and within the precincts of the Factory are
indicated in the Table that follows
                   PERSONAL SAFETY PROTECTIVE DEVICES :

Sl.         Type of Safety      Operation                User Department
No.            Devices

    1      Safety Shoes        All            All Departments

    2      Gloves – Cotton Consult            All departments Heat Treatments,
           &        Leather HOD all           Upsetting, Hard Banding, SQF water
           Asbestos                           Treatment, Steam Cleaning and
                                              phosphate

    3      Helmets             All            All Departments

    4      Goggles             All            All Departments

    5      Aden Glasses        Consult        Upsetting, Heat Treatment
                               HOD

    6      Aprons          – Heat Areas Upsetting, Heat Treatment, Tool –
           Asbestos Plastic all         Joint water Treatment

    7      PVC        Yellow Sand             Coating Plant
           Respirators       Blasting

    8      Organic             Sand           Coating Plant
           Respirators         Blasting

    9      3M Ear Plugs        Noise          Coating plant, WTC, Upsetting
                               Areas

    10     Gum Boots           All            Coating plant

7. LOCATION OF FIRE FIGHTING EQUIPMENT

Fire Fighting is technique. Installation of adequate number of Fire Fighting
Equipment is and Administrative act., But, The selection and use of
appropriate fire fighting Equipment to combat any kind Fire Hazard is a skill.

-       The classification of Fires according to their nature

-       The appropriate Extinguishing Medical for each class of fire and

-       The installation and location particulars of extinguishing media
Class                Description                       Extinguish Medium
of Fire

  A       Fire involving ordinary combustible                 Water
          materials, Like wood, paper,
          Textiles, etc., where the cooling
          effect of water is essential for the
          extinction of fires

  B       Fire in flammable liquids like oils,       Foam carbon dioxide Dry
          Solvents, petroleum products,                 chemical powder
          varnished, paints etc., Where a
          blanketing effect essential

  C       Fires       involving        gaseous    Carbon dioxide, Dry Chemical
          substances under pressure where         Powder The best way to
          it is necessary to dilute the burning   extinguish such fires is by
          gas at a very fast rate with an inert   stopping the flow of fuel gas to
          gas or powder.                          the fire, Container is kept cool
                                                  with water spray

  D       Fires    involving    metals    like Special dry powders
          magnesium,       aluminum,     zinc,
          potassium, etc,., Where the
          burning metal is reactive to water
          and     which     require    special
          extinguishing media or technique



     ISTALLATION AND LOCATION OF FIRE EXTENGUISHING MEDIA T
                         OCTL FACTORY

S.     PLACE OF THE        CO2     CO2     CO2       DCP      FOAM        FIRE
No      FIRE POINT         22.5    4.5     9KG      10KG/5    9 Ltrs.   BUCKETS
                           KG      KG                 KG

 1     H.S.D. BUNK           -       -       -         -        1          4

 2     GENERATOR            1        -       -         -         -         3

 3     SUB STATION          1        -       -         -         -         2
 4       COMPRESSOR         -      -         -       1     -         3

 5       COATING            -      -         1       1     -          -
         PLANT

 6       UPSETTING          -      1         -       -     -          -

 7       HEAT               -      -         1       1     -         2
         TREATMENT

 8       N.D.T              -      1         1       1     -          -

 9       L.P.G. YARD        -      2         2       3     -         8

10       W.T.C.             2      -         -       1     -          -

11       R&D                -      -         -       2     -         8

12       TOOL JOINT         1      1         1       1     -         8

13       STORES             -      1         -       3     -          -

14       MATHNOIL           -      1         -       1     -         2
         STORAGE

15       FORGING            -      -         -       1     -          -
         SHED

16       DOMESTIC           -      -         -       2     -         4
         LPG GODOWN

         TOTAL              5      7         6   18        1         36



8. FIRST AID AND MEDICAL FACIL TIES :

     Every Employee of the Company is covered under the Insurance Policies

     -      Group Medical insurance policy

     -      Personal Accidents Compensation policy
    There is an arrangement to refer On Duty Injury Cases to Dispensary or
    Hospital, apart from extending First Aid services to the Injured.



9. SAFETY PERMIT SYSTEMS :

The concept of Safety permit system and the procedural Rules as they are in
force at Factory are detai8led in the safety Rules which are annexed to from
part of this issue of the Magazine.

-   Safety permits are used to control hazards and maintain safe working
    conditions when inspecting and maintaining equipment.

-   At OCTL there are three types of such permits in use

    1.    SAFE ENTRY PERMIT

    2.    FIRE PERMIT

    3.    EXCAVATION PERMIT

-   Before stating any of the following works/ jobs – an appropriate permit
    issued by an Authorized officer must be obtained.

-   Any Work on or near Tanks, Vessels, Pits

- Any Hot works such as welding, gas cutting Grinding in No. Smoking
Areas

-   Any Digging or Ground Work.

FIRE PERMITS :

-   All jobs involving hot work in a “No Smoking” area, or all jobs on lines or
    equipment connected to LPG supply. Methanol, Diesel, Engine Oil etc., -
    Will need a Fire permit issued by an authorized person.

-   A copy of the Permit must be available with the Employee actual
    performing the job, which is subject to inspection.

-   Technicians are not authorized to do hot work in any “No Smoking” Area
    without a Fire permit and are expected to insist on a “Fire Permit” before
    they undertake the job.

NO SMOKING AREAS :

    The following areas have been declared as “No Smoking” areas where
    smoking is forbidden and any hot work would require a “Fire Permit”
    issued by Authorized Officers.
-   LPG Bullets Area           -      Oil Pad

-   Methanol Storage area      -      Wood Work and Carpentry shop

-   Diesel Storage                    -    Electrical Substation
                               -      Generator Shed

-   Main Stores                -      All Departmental Stores

-   Cold Room                  -

Authorized Officers :   1.     Senior Manager (Maintenance)
                        2.     Civil Officer

EXCAVATION PERMTI :

-   For all the works necessitating excavation within the Factory Limits,
    concerned department should initiated by concerned Department clearly
    indicating the area that has to be excavated.

-   The Excavation permit must be sent to the Authorized Officer in
    Maintenance / Civil Engineering Department to check the relevant
    Drawing for any underground cables, piping etc, if no such obstructions
    are likely to be uncounted, the Authorized officer released the Excavation
    permit to the concerned department to undertake the excavation job.

-   A copy of the Excavation permit should be always retained by the
    Employee actually doing the excavation, which is subjected to inspection.

-   Never start excavating within the Factory limits without excavation permit,
    however sure you may be.



SAFE ENTRY PERMIT

-   Safe Entry Permits must be prepared by the operating supervisors and
    displayed at conspicuous places on the tanks, Vessels, Sumps, pits or
    enclosed areas at all entry points, after ensuring all the relevant safety
    precautions before. Any one is permitted to enter an enclosed space.

-   Entry permits must be signed by an Officer not below the Rank “ Plant
    Engineer” only or any other officer of the shop authorized by the in charge
    of that shop or Department

-   Employees are not to enter Vessels, Tanks, Pits, Sumps or Enclosed Area
    unless the Area is connected with their jobs.

-   Employees must check the Safe Entry Permit a the entrance and ensure
    that the area has been declared free of all toxic gases before entering.
HOUSE KEEPING :

House keeping practices followed in a Factory reflect the mind of the
Management. A visit to OCTL Factory site will convince anybody and
everybody that where there is a will there is a way. It is unthinkable that such
a superlative standards of Housekeeping could be maintained in a heavy
engineering and Mechanical Industry, like OCTL. Care is taken at every step
by every workmen and other employees of OCTL factory to ensure neat clean
and tidy environment around their work places. In fact the philosophy of good
Housekeeping wing of Personnel Department supplements the efforts of shop
floor employees in keeping all shop floors and surrounding environs hygienic,
safe and accident preventive.

1. Good House keeping is an important aspect of Accident prevention.

2. It is everyone’s responsibility to always keep work places neat and tidy

3. Good House keeping is essential.
   a)   To maintain Hygienic conditions.
   b)   to promote safety and
   c)   to prevent fires.

4. Every employee makes it a point to dispose of all trash, lunch wrappings
   etc., in trash drums or dustbins.

5. Before any job can be considered as completed, all trash and obstac les
   are cleared and all safe Guards are replaced.

6. Good House keeping practices and OCTL factory forms a source of
   motivation to employees at all levels and contribute for greater Production
   and Productivity.

7. it has also impressed the aesthetic sense of the employees connected
   with it.

8. A sense of commitment to make the Air, Water and Environment clean
   and pollution free is noticed among all employees.

INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS IN OCLT FACTORY :

Industrial Relations are governed by the Rules and Regulation, The are
structured Relations between Employees and the employer.

In OCTL Factory there are two sets of Rules. Applicable two categories of
employees.
RULES                                           APPLICICABILITY
1. Certified standing orders under industrial   All workmen as a definedunder i.d Act
employment standing orders Act. 1946            excluding clerical and supervisory staff
                                                irrespective of their salaries
2. General service coduct rules, discipline     Employment other then those governed by
and appeal rules                                standing orders as stated above

Industrial relations in OCTL factory are cordial and peaceful and it is attributable mainly
the fact that workmen and the managerial personnel are fully aware of the rules,
Regulations and the consequenes that may befail on them in the event of any deviances or
violation of such rules. To bring about such awareness particularly among the workmen,
the employees relations wing of personnel and administrative department constantly
endeavors. It is relevant wing of Personnel and Administrative Department as gathered
for the Departmental Procedure Manual.

EMPLOYEE RELATIONS WING:

       Interpretation and Implementation of Service Conduct. Discipline and Appeal
        Rules applicable to Executives, Supervisors and Staff and Standing Orders in
        respect of other Employees.
       Maintenance of Cordial Relations with Employees, Trade Unions or Associations,
        of employees including Joint Consultations.
       To draw and implement grievances settlement procedure. Administration of
        rewards and recognition.
       To promote measures for involvement of workers participation in Bipartite
        committees and to improve upon employees morale.
       Collective bargaining – Agreements and their interpretation and enforcement.
       Determination and fixing pay scales, special allowances etc.
       Hadling disciplinary cases.
       Diagnosing the industrial relations problems and to take preventive measures to
        ensure industrial peace and harmony and uninterrupted production.

AGREEMENTS IN OCTL:

        Two agreements covering a period of last eight years which were mutually arrived
at by and between. The management and their workmen through negotiations in bipartite
process. An examination of these agreements would reveal that both management and
workmen have reconciled their differences in an atmosphere of mutual tust and good will
and arrived at these agreements.

Generally agreements are reviewed for every three years and the last agreements was
signed in May 1999 which came in effect retrospectively from 1 st April 1999.

Moreover, these collective bargaining agreements have been properly interpreted
sincerely implemented by the parties there to.
GRIEVANCE SETTLEMENT AT OCTL

Indian Labour Conference, a tripartite body consisting of representations of


                      1. Employees.
                      2. Workmen.
                      3. The Government.


Has evolved a Model Grievances Settlement Procedure in its 16 th session held in 1958.
the procedure adopted in OCTL factory fulfils all the pre-requisite of a Standard
Grievances Procedure and is in conformity with the Model Grievance Proceudre
suggested by the Indian Labour Conference.


OCTL recognizes the fact that effective grievances redressel system is a sine qua non for
furthering peaceful Industrial Relations and improving the Morale of the Employees.
OCTL has, therefore, adopted the following grievances settlement procedure and OCTL
employees may get their grievances expeditiously redressed by following the three tier
procedure.


OCTL’S Definition of Grievance:


Any matter pertaining to the complaint affecting one or more individuals or workmen in
respect of his or her-wage payment; Overtime; wage; leave confirmation; transfer;
promotion; increment; seniority; work assignment; working conditions; welfare
provisions; salary advances and interpretation of service agreement form into grievances.


Workmen of OCTL will be eligible for redressal of their grievances by adopting the
following Three Tier Procedure.


STAGE – I


   1. An aggrieved employee is expected to present his or her prievance verbally or in
       writing to his immediate shift engineer/supervisor who will give a patient hearing
       to the workman and will do justice as per the fact tand circumstances of each
       individual case. In no case will he delay his decision beyond 48 hours ( two days)
       from the time the grievances is brought to this knowledge.


STAGE – II


   1. If the employee is not satisfied with the decision of the immediate shift in
       charge/engineer/supervisor, he or she must present his grievance in Form G-I and
       within one week of the act of grievance or complaint arise or took place or come
       to his/her knowledge. He/She will present his/her grievance in Form G-I to his or
       her departmental head or the in charge of the shop as the case may be.
   2. The Departmental head or the in charge will inquire into the matter and counsel
       and employee concerned or he may enlist the services of the P&A Department for
       inquiring into the matter.
   3. Grievances at Stage-II will, as far as possible, be disposed off within seven (7)
      days of the presentation of the complaint.

STAGE – III

If the employee is not satisfied with the decision communicated to him by the head of
department or in charge of the shop as the case may be, or fails to receive an answer
within a reasonable period, he or she may request the HOD or in charge of the shop
concerned to forward the grievance to the St. Manager (P&A) for processing and, if
necessary to place it before the director in Form G-2. No appeal will lie to the director
unless a prima-facie case is established and an issue is of substantial nature shall be
decided by the Sr. Manager (P&A) and his decision in theis regard shall be final and
binding. On being satisfied that there is a prima facie case or the issue involved is of
substantial nature, the Sr. Manager(P&A) will take up the case to the grievance is deemed
to have been settled of the director there on shall be final and the grievance is deemed to
have been settled once for all. A grievance at Stage-III will be disposed of within ten
days of its presentation to the Sr. Manager(P&A) through the HOD or the in charge of
concerned shop.
DISCIPLINE:-


As stated earlier all employees of OCTL strive to adhere to the rules of discipline. The
adhere to the instructions of work issued by their superiors;
       They follow the procedures and maintain standards;
       They attended duties in uniform, wearing safety shoes issued to them;
       They keep always quality and safety policy cards with them;
       They bear on their person their photo identity cards. While at work,
       They put on personal protection safety devices appropriate to work situation.

Positive attitude to in spite of their strict adhere to the rules of discipline, some them
receive charge-sheets. Perusal of 2 years ( i.e. 1998-2000) records of disciplinary cases
handled by Employee-Relations wing of the organization revealed that
       92% of the cases were related either to unauthorized absence from duty or
       irregular attendance;
       4% of cases were related to negligence at work;
       2% of cases to sleeping while on duty during night shift.
       And the remaining 2% cases spread over various kinds of other types of
        misconducts including theft.
       In sub-ordination, in most of the cases of absenteeism, the simple punishments
        like warning, censure, and one or two days of suspension from work without
        wages was mooted out. In cases of negligence at work or sleeping while on duty
        employees were punished with 5 to 6 days suspension from work without wages
        or withholding of increment for six months. Only in case of gross insubordination
        or theft, severe punishment like discharge or dismissal was awarded after proper
        domestic enquiry.

OBSERVATION:

    1. It is observed that the employee of OCTL are well protected management, apart
        from other facilities like Transport, Medical Facility etc. The Management takes
        special care in providing benefits accruing. Towards fulfillment of Basic Human
   Needs namely, ROTI, KAPDA, MAKHA though subsidized protective devices;
   and by paying such percentage of basic wages as House Rent Allowance.
2. The management has delegated their authority and functions to a dedicated team
   of Professional Personnel appointed at different levels ranging from General
   Manager to Shift Engineer. The Policy decisions of the board are given practical
   shape by Departmental In charges who are designated Managers and the policy
   decisions are religiously interpreted constantly pursued at all levels.
3. The rationale behind high investment in Machinery and Equipment involving the
   adoption of sophisticated Manufacturing Process Technique (though costly \) is to
   ensure that the operation of the factory are environment friendly-devoid of
   emission of any pollutants into any water stream or ambient atmosphere air, the
   Factory environs are well planned and designed and the location is by a selective
   process.
4. the investment on machinery and equipment is to a tune of R. 70 Crores. The
   purpose of making such a huge investment on machinery and equipment is to
   make the industry ―POLLUTION FREE‖. Otherwise, there is no justification for
   such a huge investment to carry out simple and age old mechanical process like
   Forging, Threading, Welding, Heat Treatment, Surface Coating, Painting, Packing
   And Forwarding.
5. The computerized attendance system installed in the factory premises ensures
   systematic and correct recording of attendance; which earns the confidence of the
   workmen.
6. the employees strictly adhere to the norms and procedures laid by the
   management.
7. the morale of the employees can be said to be above average and this inference
   has been drawn from the facts that;
                i.   they strictly adhere to the instructions issued in regard to work
                     schedules and time schedules;
               ii.   they follow Departmental Procedure Manual And Maintain
                     Quality Standards;
              iii.   they attend to all preventive maintenance works regularly
                     periodically,
                 iv.    they wear personal safety protective devices the appropriate the
                        work situations;
                  v.    all employees attend factory in company provided Uniform And
                        Safety shoes, they also hold their respective photo identity
                        badges.
                 vi.    They carry in their pocket a copy of safety rules and quality
                        policy statement.
                vii.    Cases of in subordination are deviance from instruction given by
                        superiors are rare.
                viii.   The workmen take maximum advantage of the facilities provided
                        by the management and also try to use the facilities with a sense
                        of involvement and a feeling of common wealth.
                 ix.    The employees follow a pattern of discipline even in the canteen
                        and rest rooms. It was observed that during their lunch break the
                        employees gathered at canteen dining hall form into a ―Q‖ on
                        self-service principle and after taking their food they place the
                        utensils used by them in proper Bins provided for cleaning.
                  x.    The employees feel proud participating in and promoting
                        superlative standards of Housekeeping both at the place of their
                        work and its surrounding as well as within the factory premises.
                 xi.    The employees also undertake gardening work and contribute to
                        the development of greenbelt area within the factory premises.
                xii.    The employees show very good interest participating in various
                        competitions held at various occasions like Independence day,
                        Safety day, Republic day.


The OCTL management on their part provided a variety of facilities to retain a committed
work force on permanent basis with maximum job satisfaction with commitment.


The personal appraisal system adopted in te factory ensures proper evaluation of the
performance of an individual employee year by year and it gives a guidance to the
management in the award of rewards in the form of special increments and promotions.
This appraisal system while helps the management to identify provides opportunities for
the workman to enhance his levels of knowledge and skills and growth opportunities.

   CONCLUSION :

   The general position in respect of welfare facilities in India would seem to be
   that there is growing awareness as a whole, leading to improved industrial
   relations and greater productivity. Another feature is that with rare exceptions
   the provisions of welfare measures seems to one its existences more by
   possession of adequate funds rather than by deliberate planning. In advanced
   countries, the provision of welfare facilities often the responsibility of the
   community. But in underdeveloped countries like India where the standard of
   living are low and the resources of the state are limited, it may not always be
   possible for the community to under take these responsibilities to the desired
   extent. After the minimum of welfare amenities have been laid down the rest
   may be deemed to be proper field for voluntary action by the state employers
   and workers and welfare agencies. Thus, welfare work may be considered
   joint responsibility of the state, employers, workers organization and voluntary
   social service agencies operating in the country. All these agencies should
   work in harmony to rise the standard of living of the workers.



   INTERVIEW SCHEDULE

   1. NAME OF THE EMPLOYEE :

   2. EMPLOYEE CODE                    :

   3. DEPARTMENT                       :



   1) what is opinion about the management to workers and you?

   A)Good     B) Satisfactory       C)Not satisfactory



   2 ) what is opinion about the drinking water facility in the factory?
  A)Good    B) Satisfactory      C)Not satisfactory



  3) what is opinion about rest rooms in factory?

  A)Good    B) Satisfactory      C)Not satisfactory



  4) what do you feel about the attitude of the labour welfare officer ?

  A)Good    B) Satisfactory      C)Not satisfactory



  5) what is opinion about washing facilities ?

  A)Good    B) Satisfactory      C)Not satisfactory



  6) what is opinion about canteen?

  A)Good    B) Satisfactory      C)Not satisfactory



  7) Are you satisfied with quantity of leaves with wages?

  A)Good    B) Satisfactory      C)Not satisfactory



  8) how do you feel about medical facilities ?

  A)Good    B) Satisfactory      C)Not satisfactory



  9) Are you satisfied with home rent allowances ?

  A)Good    B) Satisfactory      C)Not satisfactory



10) what is opinion the training programmes in the factory ?

  A)Good    B) Satisfactory      C)Not satisfactory
 11) what is opinion about attitude medical officer?

   A)Good     B) Satisfactory      C)Not satisfactory



 12)how do you feel in the night shift canteen facilities ?

   A)Good     B) Satisfactory      C)Not satisfactory



13) what is opinion on the transportation facilities?

   A)Good     B) Satisfactory      C)Not satisfactory



14) what is opinion about recreation facilities ?

   A)Good     B) Satisfactory      C)Not satisfactory
JOBS SATISFACTION OF 55 EMPLOYEES OPINION IN OCTL FACTORY




  1) what is opinion about the management to workers and you?

      A)Good : 50 B) Satisfactory : 5   C)Not satisfactory : 0




     50

     40
                                                                 GOOD
     30
                                                                 SATISFACTORY
     20
                                                                 NOT
     10                                                          SATISFACTORY

      0
                          OCTL
2 ) what is opinion about the drinking water facility in the factory?

 A)Good : 55     B) Satisfactory : 0   C)Not satisfactory : 0




       60

       50

       40                                                        GOOD

       30                                                        SATISFACTORY

       20                                                        NOT
                                                                 SATISFACTORY
       10

        0
                             OCTL
3) what is opinion about rest rooms in factory?

 A)Good : 50     B) Satisfactory : 5   C)Not satisfactory : 0




      50
      45
      40
      35
      30                                                        GOOD
      25
                                                                SATISFACTORY
      20
                                                                NOT SATISFACTORY
      15
      10
       5
       0
                            OCTL
4) what do you feel about the attitude of the labour welfare officer ?

 A)Good : 55     B) Satisfactory : 0   C)Not satisfactory : 0




       60

       50

       40                                                       GOOD

       30                                                       SATISFACTORY

       20                                                       NOT
                                                                SATISFACTORY
       10

        0
                             OCTL
5) what is opinion about washing facilities ?

 A)Good : 55     B) Satisfactory :0   C)Not satisfactory : 0




       60

       50

       40                                                      GOOD

       30                                                      SATISFACTORY

       20                                                      NOT
                                                               SATISFACTORY
       10

        0
                             OCTL
6) what is opinion about canteen?

 A)Good : 55    B) Satisfactory : 0   C)Not satisfactory : 0




      60

      50

      40                                                       GOOD

      30                                                       SATISFACTORY

      20                                                       NOT
                                                               SATISFACTORY
      10

        0
                            OCTL
7) Are you satisfied with quantity of leaves with wages?

 A)Good : 50     B) Satisfactory : 5   C)Not satisfactory : 0




       50

       40
                                                                GOOD
       30
                                                                SATISFACTORY
       20
                                                                NOT
       10                                                       SATISFACTORY

        0
                             OCTL
8) how do you feel about medical facilities ?

 A)Good :55      B) Satisfactory : 0   C)Not satisfactory : 0




       60

       50

       40                                                       GOOD

       30                                                       SATISFACTORY

       20                                                       NOT
                                                                SATISFACTORY
       10

        0
                             OCTL
9) Are you satisfied with home rent allowances ?

  A)Good : 45   B) Satisfactory : 5   C)Not satisfactory : 5




      45
      40
      35
      30                                                       GOOD
      25
                                                               SATISFACTORY
      20
      15                                                       NOT
      10                                                       SATISFACTORY
       5
       0
                            OCTL
10) what is opinion the training programmes in the factory ?

    A)Good : 42    B) Satisfactory : 13 C)Not satisfactory : 0




  45
  40
  35
  30                                                      GOOD
  25
                                                          SATISFACTORY
  20
  15                                                      NOT
  10                                                      SATISFACTORY
   5
   0
                       OCTL
11) what is opinion about attitude medical officer?

      A)Good : 50   B) Satisfactory : 5   C)Not satisfactory : 0




          50

          40
                                                                   GOOD
          30
                                                                   SATISFACTORY
          20
                                                                   NOT
          10                                                       SATISFACTORY

            0
                                OCTL
12)How do you feel in the night shift canteen facilities ?

   A)Good : 45       B) Satisfactory : 6 C)Not satisfactory : 4




          45
          40
          35
          30                                                      GOOD
          25
                                                                  SATISFACTORY
          20
          15                                                      NOT
          10                                                      SATISFACTORY
           5
           0
                                 OCTL
13) what is opinion on the transportation facilities?

     A)Good :55      B) Satisfactory : 0   C)Not satisfactory : 0




           60

           50

           40                                                       GOOD

           30                                                       SATISFACTORY

           20                                                       NOT
                                                                    SATISFACTORY
           10

            0
                                 OCTL
14) what is opinion about recreation facilities ?

     A)Good : 55     B) Satisfactory :0    C)Not satisfactory : 0




       60

       50

       40                                                           GOOD

       30                                                           SATISFACTORY

       20                                                           NOT
                                                                    SATISFACTORY
       10

        0
                             OCTL
BIBLIOGRAPHY

  1 PRINCIPLES OF LABOUR WELFARE   -- M.V. MOORTHY

  2.ASPECTS OF LABOUR WELFARE&     -- A.M. SARMA
    SOCIAL SECURITY

  3. STUDY OF LABOUR ECONOMICS     -- K.S.SINGH & SHANTI

  4. HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT     -- SHASHI .K. GUPTA &
                                      ROSY

  5. LABOUR ECONOMICS &            -- Dr.T.N.BHAGOLIWAL
    LABOUR WELFARE

  6. LABOUR PROBLEMS &             -- R.C. SAXENA
    LABOUR WELFARE

  7. INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS&         -- G.P. SINHA &
     LABOUR LEGISLATION                      P.R.N. SINHA

  8. COMPANY RECORDS               -- OIL COUNTRY
                                      TUBULAR LIMITED ,
                                      NALGONDA