Life Skills I - DAILY LIVING SKILLS by gcw21244

VIEWS: 62 PAGES: 29

									DAILY LIVING
  SKILLS




   Skills for Independent Living
         Daily Living Skills
            Page 1 of 29
                           Daily Living Skills Pre-Test
Name___________________________
Date____________________________

Please circle the number that describes you best and answer the questions below
                                                                                      Very
                                                                    Not               much
                                                                    like   Somewhat   like
DAILY LIVING                                                        me     like me    me
I buy things at the store on my own.                                1      2          3
I save money for things I want to buy.                              1      2          3
I can fix meals for myself on my own.                               1      2          3
I fix my clothes when they need it, like sewing on a button.        1      2          3
I compare prices on different brands to get the best price.         1      2          3
I use things in the kitchen, like the microwave, electric mixer,
and oven.                                                           1      2          3
I can name two ways to save money on things I buy.                  1      2          3
I prevent or minimize roaches, ants, mice, mold, mildew, etc.       1      2          3
I know how to wash my clothes according to the label (for
example, hand wash, dry clean, cold water).                         1      2          3
I keep my living space clean.                                       1      2          3
I usually know how much money I have in savings.                    1      2          3
I store food so it doesn’t spoil or go bad.                         1      2          3
I follow the basic fire prevention and safety rules for where I
live.                                                               1      2          3
      1. Before you buy an expensive CD player, you should?

           A. Make sure you have enough money to pay for it.

           B. Ask someone who has a similar CD player.

           C. Compare prices for different brands of CD players.

           D. All of the above.



   2. Where’s the best place to store uncooked macaroni?

           A. In the refrigerator.

           B. In the freezer.

           C. In the store.

           D. In the cupboard


                                Skills for Independent Living
                                      Daily Living Skills
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Skills for Independent Living
      Daily Living Skills
         Page 3 of 29
SKILL ONE
  I CAN BUY THINGS AT THE STORE ON
              MY OWN:

1. Make a list of items you need
2. Decide what store to go to so you can
       purchase the items needed
3. Remember to take a calculator and your
       money with you shopping.
4. When arriving at the store, use your
       calculator when picking out items
5. After choosing items, go to checkout and
       buy what you need.


Foster Parent: Try to remember what you do when you go shopping. Add the skills
above that most people take for granted. Sit down with the youth and walk him/her
through this skill several times before letting the youth do it on his/her own for the first
time. Make a field trip out of it. When the youth can do it for himself/herself, go out for
dinner or a movie to reward them.




                              Skills for Independent Living
                                    Daily Living Skills
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SKILL ONE
 I CAN BUY THINGS AT THE STORE ON
             MY OWN:

1. Make a list of items you need
2. Decide what store to go to so you can
   purchase the items needed
3. Remember to take a calculator and your
   money with you shopping.
4. When arriving at the store, use your
   calculator when picking out items
5. After choosing items, go to checkout and
   buy what you need.




               Skills for Independent Living
                     Daily Living Skills
                        Page 5 of 29
SKILL TWO
      I CAN SAVE MONEY FOR THINGS I
               WANT TO BUY:

1. Decide what it is you want to buy.
2. Find out how much it will cost.
3. Decide how you are going to save your
       money in a bank.
4. Ask someone to help you pick a bank.
5. Ask that person to go to the bank with
       you to open an account.
6. Once at the bank, have the person at the
       bank explain exactly what they will do for
       you.
7. Have them teach you how to deposit and
       withdraw your money.
Foster parent: Follow these steps when teaching this skill. Try to remember everything
you had to do when you opened your first saving account. Sometimes it may easier for
you to be the bank first so the individual can get use to the idea of putting money aside.

                              Skills for Independent Living
                                    Daily Living Skills
                                       Page 6 of 29
SKILL TWO
     I CAN SAVE MONEY FOR THINGS I
              WANT TO BUY:

1.   Decide what it is you want to buy.
2.   Find out how much it will cost.
3.   Decide how you are going to save your money
     in a bank.
4.   Ask someone to help you pick a bank.
5.   Ask that person to go to the bank with you to
     open an account.
6.   Once at the bank, have the person at the bank
     explain exactly what they will do for you.
7.   Have them teach you how to deposit and
     withdraw your money.




                  Skills for Independent Living
                        Daily Living Skills
                           Page 7 of 29
SKILL THREE
        I CAN FIX A MEAL FOR MYSELF:
1. Decide what you want to eat.
2. Decide which appliance you’re going to
       use.
3. Get all ingredients needed to make your
       meal.
4. Follow all directions on each package
       while making each item you’re going to
       eat.
5. Do not leave kitchen while cooking your
       meal.
6. Shut off all appliances when done.
7. Wash dishes with soap and hot water or
       put them in the dishwasher.
Foster Parent: Make this as fun as possible. Help the youth choose something very
easy to make the first time around to enhance his/her self-esteem. That way the next time
the youth will want to participate.


                             Skills for Independent Living
                                   Daily Living Skills
                                      Page 8 of 29
SKILL THREE
    I CAN FIX A MEAL FOR MYSELF:
1. Decide what you want to eat.
2. Decide which appliance you’re going to use.
3. Get all ingredients needed to make your
   meal.
4. Follow all directions on each package while
   making each item you’re going to eat.
5. Do not leave kitchen while cooking your
   meal.
6. Shut off all appliances when done.
7. Wash dishes with soap and hot water or put
   them in the dishwasher.




               Skills for Independent Living
                     Daily Living Skills
                        Page 9 of 29
SKILL FOUR
 I CAN FIX MY CLOTHES WHEN THEY
 NEED IT, LIKE SEWING ON A BUTTON:

1.     Find a needle and some thread. Make sure the
       color of the thread matches the color of the
       clothing you’re fixing / mending.
2.     Practice putting a piece of thread through the
       hole in the needle.
3.     Once you have mastered threading the needle,
       practice sewing a button on a cloth, like a
       towel or washcloth.
4.     Now that you’re able to sew a button on a
       washcloth, try it on the item that really needs
       the button. If you can’t find the old button
       try to find a button that will match what is on
       the article of clothes already.
5.     Find the location where the old button was,
       this is where you will be sewing on the new
       one so try to line it up the best you can.
6.     If you don’t get it the first time—try again.
       It’s OK to ask for help.

Foster Parent: This is an important skill to learn. Please be very patient while teaching
this skill. Threading a needle can be frustrating; the youth may even poke his/her finger.
Both of these frustrations will make the youth want to give up. If need be, go to a store
and get him/her a needle threader and a thimble.


                              Skills for Independent Living
                                    Daily Living Skills
                                       Page 10 of 29
SKILL FOUR
I CAN FIX MY CLOTHES WHEN THEY
NEED IT, LIKE SEWING ON A BUTTON:

1. Find a needle and some thread. Make sure the
     color of the thread matches the color of the
     clothing you’re fixing / mending.
2.   Practice putting a piece of thread through the
     hole in the needle.
3.   Once you have mastered threading the needle,
     practice sewing a button on a cloth, like a
     towel or washcloth.
4.   Now that you’re able to sew a button on a
     washcloth, try it on the item that really needs
     the button. If you can’t find the old button
     try to find a button that will match what is on
     the article of clothes already.
5.   Find the location where the old button was,
     this is where you will be sewing on the new
     one so try to line it up the best you can.
6.   If you don’t get it the first time, Try again and
     it’s OK to ask for help.




                  Skills for Independent Living
                        Daily Living Skills
                           Page 11 of 29
SKILL FIVE
      I CAN COMPARE PRICES WHEN
    SHOPPING AND GET THE BEST BUY:

1. Decide which store you will go shopping
   at; focus on whether or not that store will
   offer you the best prices.
2. Don’t forget to take your shopping list
   and calculator when you go shopping.
3. Decide if you want to buy generic or
   brand named items.
4. Decide if you need more of the same item.
5. Decide which item is cheaper due to
   volume. (Volume is how much the item
   weighs.)
6. Does the bigger can cost you more than
   two or more of the smaller cans?
7. Don’t forget to use your calculator to
   add up the prices of your items.
8. Complete attached shopping list.

Foster Parent: Now it’s time to practice. Have the individual write out a list, grab a
calculator and head for a user-friendly store. Constant positive reminders (good work,
good job, etc…) will give the youth the support to build his/her self-esteem and
confidence. Remember to show the individual how to place the items in the cart so
he/she can bag and unpack the items easier.

                             Skills for Independent Living
                                   Daily Living Skills
                                      Page 12 of 29
SKILL FIVE

    I CAN COMPARE PRICES WHEN
  SHOPPING AND GET THE BEST BUY:

1. Decide which store you will go shopping
   at; focus on whether or not that store will
   offer you the best prices.
2. Don’t forget to take your shopping list
   and calculator when you go shopping.
3. Decide if you want to buy generic or
   brand named items.
4. Decide if you need more of the same item.
5. Decide which item is cheaper due to
   volume. (Volume is how much the item
   weighs.)
6. Does the bigger can cost you more than
   two or more of the smaller cans?
7. Don’t forget to use your calculator to
   add up the prices of your items.
8. Complete attached shopping list.




               Skills for Independent Living
                     Daily Living Skills
                        Page 13 of 29
                                       GROCERY SHOPPING
                                       LIST
Check here          Product Type                    Where            When
  if done
                                                                               Cost
                                                  Purchased        Purchased


             Paper Products
                   Paper towels
                   Aluminum Foil
                   Paper Plates
                   Toilet Paper




             Fruits and Vegetables
                   Apples
                   Bananas
                   Lettuce
                   Green beans




                                   Skills for Independent Living
                                         Daily Living Skills
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SKILL SIX

 I CAN USE THE MICROWAVE, STOVE,
AND OTHER THINGS IN THE KITCHEN:

1. Identify each appliance in the kitchen in
       your home.
2. Only use an appliance if you know how to
       use it correctly.
3. When being shown how to use each
       appliance, you should take notes.
4. Practice using the appliance with
       supervision until you are told that you
       can use it alone.


Foster Parent: Each home has a different type or model appliance. This is the reason
why your child should be taught how to use yours. Teach them how to place a frying pan
on your stove, how to turn the stove on or off, and how to work the oven. Teach them
how you use the toaster, the coffee pot, and dishwasher, etc. If you teach them the way
you use the appliances then you know that if something is amiss you can identify the
problem quickly and fix it. Always teach safety first.

                              Skills for Independent Living
                                    Daily Living Skills
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SKILL SIX

 I CAN USE THE MICROWAVE, STOVE,
AND OTHER THINGS IN THE KITCHEN:

1. Identify each appliance in the kitchen in
   your home.
2. Only use an appliance if you know how to
   use it correctly.
3. When being shown how to use each
   appliance, you should take notes.
4. Practice using the appliance with
   supervision until told that you can use it
   alone.




                Skills for Independent Living
                      Daily Living Skills
                         Page 16 of 29
SKILL SEVEN
      I CAN NAME TWO WAYS TO SAVE
                 MONEY:

1. Shut off the TV when I leave the room
2. Turn off the lights in the room when I
   leave.
3. Use cold water to wash most of my
   clothes.
4. Open my windows on days that I can
   instead of running the air condition, and
   close them when it is cold outside.
5. Close doors when coming in and out of a
   room or from outside.
6. Do not leave the refrigerator door
   standing open.
7. Do not leave the water running while
   brushing my teeth.

Foster Parent: Saving money in the bank has already been addressed. It will be good to
remind the child of that skill when beginning this skill. Once you have started this skill,
be sure to practice what you are teaching. The youth will learn from example quicker.
He/she will also learn quicker if you use positive praise when the youth remember to do
the skill than from negative statements if they forget to use the skill(s) being taught.




                              Skills for Independent Living
                                    Daily Living Skills
                                       Page 17 of 29
SKILL SEVEN
   I CAN NAME TWO WAYS TO SAVE
              MONEY:

1. Shut off the TV when I leave the room.
2. Turn off the lights in the room when I
   leave.
3. Use cold water to wash most of my
   clothes.
4. Open my windows on days that I can
   instead of running the air condition, and
   close them when it is cold outside.
5. Close doors when coming in and out of a
   room or from outside.
6. Do not leave the refrigerator door
   standing open.
7. Do not leave the water running while
   brushing my teeth.




               Skills for Independent Living
                     Daily Living Skills
                        Page 18 of 29
SKILL EIGHT
       .
   I CAN PREVENT OR MINIMIZE BUGS
          FROM MY HOME BY:

1. Keeping all rooms tidy and /or clean.
2. Not leaving dirty dishes, glassware, cups or
   empty food containers sitting on the table
   once I have finished using them.
3. Throwing all garbage away including
   empty food containers.
4. Not letting dirty dishes, glassware, cups sit
   in the kitchen sink.
5. Not leaving food particles or scraps sit in
   the kitchen sink after I have rinsed dirty
   dishes, glassware or cups.
6. Not leaving dirty or wet clothes in a pile on
   the floor, putting dirty clothes in a hamper,
   and hanging up any pieces of clothing that
   are wet so it can dry appropriately.
7. Trying to keep my yard cut and clean from
   garbage, trash, litter.

Foster Parent: This skill has several different areas to be covered. You must be able to
teach the children the differences between cleaning and picking up.




                             Skills for Independent Living
                                   Daily Living Skills
                                      Page 19 of 29
SKILL EIGHT
    .
  I CAN PREVENT OR MINIMIZE BUGS
          FROM MY HOME:

1. Keeping all rooms tidy and /or clean.
2. Not leaving dirty dishes, glassware, cups or
   empty food containers sitting on the table
   once I have finished using them.
3. Throwing all garbage away including
   empty food containers.
4. Not letting dirty dishes, glassware, cups sit
   in the kitchen sink.
5. Not leaving food particles or scraps sit in
   the kitchen sink after I have rinsed dirty
   dishes, glassware or cups.
6. Not leaving dirty or wet clothes in a pile on
   the floor, putting dirty clothes in a hamper,
   and hanging up any pieces of clothing that
   are wet so it can dry appropriately.
7. Trying to keep my yard cut and clean from
   garbage, trash, litter.




                Skills for Independent Living
                      Daily Living Skills
                         Page 20 of 29
SKILL NINE

I KNOW HOW TO WASH CLOTHES, OR
BE ABLE TO TELL IF THEY NEED DRY-
            CLEANING:

1. Practice separating laundry. For
   example, sort colored laundry from white.
2. Practice putting soap into the washing
   machine.
3. If used, practice adding the appropriate
   amount of fabric softener and/or bleach.
4. Practice what settings to use on the
   washing machine and the dryer.
5. Read and follow the washing instructions
   on the tag of each item of clothing.



   Foster Parent: Take the time to read each tag with your child a couple of times
   if needed. The teach him/her to wash his/her clothes, one load at a time. You will
   also need to demonstrate how to separate the clothes, how much soap to use, what
   setting to use on both appliances, and then how to fold or hang up each item after
   they are dry.




                         Skills for Independent Living
                               Daily Living Skills
                                  Page 21 of 29
SKILL NINE

I KNOW HOW TO WASH CLOTHES, OR
BE ABLE TO TELL IF THEY NEED DRY-
            CLEANING:

1. Practice separating laundry. For
   example, sort colored laundry from white.
2. Practice putting soap into the washing
   machine.
3. If used, practice adding the appropriate
   amount of fabric softener and/or bleach.
4. Practice what settings to use on the
   washing machine and the dryer.
5. Read and follow the washing instructions
   on the tag of each item of clothing.




              Skills for Independent Living
                    Daily Living Skills
                       Page 22 of 29
SKILL TEN

             I CAN CLEAN MY ROOM, MY
               APARTMENT/HOUSE BY:

1. Putting all of my dirty clothes in a basket
   after I taken them off.
2. Dusting my room (apartment/house) at
   least once a week.
3. After dusting, vacuuming the entire area
   (bedroom, or apartment, or house.)
4. Not eating in any room but the one with a
   table designed for eating.
5. Taking out the garbage when the can is
   full, smelly or on garbage days.
6. Asking others to clean up after themselves
   if they make a mess.




Foster Parent: Teaching the individual the proper order is very important. One must
dust before running the vacuum, or sweeping. The individual must also have a direct
spot to put his dirty clothes in when he takes them off. Having the child do this for 30
days will instill a good habit. Finally, teaching them to ask others to be responsible for
what they do will also reinforce the meaning of being responsible themselves.



                               Skills for Independent Living
                                     Daily Living Skills
                                        Page 23 of 29
SKILL TEN

      I CAN CLEAN MY ROOM, MY
        APARTMENT/HOUSE BY:

1. Putting all of my dirty clothes in a basket
   after I taken them off.
2. Dusting my room (apartment/house) at
   least once a week.
3. After dusting, vacuuming the entire area
   (bedroom, or apartment, or house.)
4. Not eating in any room but the one with a
   table designed for eating.
5. Taking out the garbage when the can is
   full, smelly or on garbage days.
6. Asking others to clean up after themselves
   if they make a mess.




               Skills for Independent Living
                     Daily Living Skills
                        Page 24 of 29
SKILL ELEVEN

I KNOW HOW TO PUT FOOD AWAY SO
       IT DOESN’T GO BAD:

1. Decide if you want to keep the food as
   leftovers.
2. Decide what container you will place the
   food in. Don’t pick one too big or to
   small. One that is too big will leave too
   much air in the container.
3. Make sure that as much of the air is
   pushed out of the container as possible.
4. Store the container with the food in the
   refrigerator.
5. Do not eat anything that has been in the
   refrigerator over seven days.



   Foster Parent: The best way to show your child what can happen when you
   don’t put things away in the refrigerator when needed, is to leave an almost empty
   jug of milk sit out for three days. After it has sat out for that long, let your child
   smell the bottle. This will surely stick in there mind.




                          Skills for Independent Living
                                Daily Living Skills
                                   Page 25 of 29
SKILL ELEVEN

I KNOW HOW TO PUT FOOD AWAY SO
       IT DOESN’T GO BAD:

1. Decide if you want to keep the food as
   leftovers.
2. Decide what container you will place the
   food in. Don’t pick one too big or to
   small. One that is too big will leave too
   much air in the container.
3. Make sure that as much of the air is
   pushed out of the container as possible.
4. Store the container with the food in the
   refrigerator.
5. Do not eat anything that has been in the
   refrigerator over seven days.




               Skills for Independent Living
                     Daily Living Skills
                        Page 26 of 29
SKILL TWELVE

    I FOLLOW THE BASIC FIRE
PREVENTION AND SAFETY RULES FOR
         WHERE I LIVE:
1.     Be careful with candles - Keep candles away from combustible
       materials. Don't leave children unattended in a room with lit candles.
       Keep candles, matches and lighters out of the reach of children. Never
       display lighted candles in windows or near exits.
2.     Inspect fireplaces and wood stoves - Burn only wood-never burn
       paper, including discarded gift wrap, or pine boughs. Do not hang
       holiday decorations from or on your fireplace if you plan to use it as a
       heat source.
3.     Check smoke detectors - Make sure detectors are working properly
       and that new batteries are installed.
4.     Be aware of overuse of electrical outlets - Don't overload your
       electrical outlets. Be careful of extension cords that present hazardous
       walkways.
5.     Have one or more working fire extinguishers in your home - Get
       training from the fire department in how to use them.
6.     Consider installing an automatic fire sprinkler system in your
       home. Statistics from the National Fire Protection Association show
       that automated fire sprinkler systems typically reduce chances of
       dying in a fire and reduce the average property loss by one-half to
       two-thirds where they are used.
7.     Agree on a plan of escape and a safe meeting place after escaping.
8.     Agree on a plan and a safe spot in the house in case of a bad
       storm.

Foster Parents: This may be the most important skill that your child should learn.
Please keep in mind of the things you have learned while growing up. Add those things
you have learned as you teach this skill to your child. They will need to have this skill
perfect before they are on their own.




                              Skills for Independent Living
                                    Daily Living Skills
                                       Page 27 of 29
SKILL TWELVE

    I FOLLOW THE BASIC FIRE
PREVENTION AND SAFETY RULES FOR
         WHERE I LIVE:
1.   Be careful with candles - Keep candles away from combustible
     materials. Don't leave children unattended in a room with lit candles.
     Keep candles, matches and lighters out of the reach of children. Never
     display lighted candles in windows or near exits.
2.   Inspect fireplaces and wood stoves - Burn only wood-never burn
     paper, including discarded gift wrap, or pine boughs. Do not hang
     holiday decorations from or on your fireplace if you plan to use it as a
     heat source.
3.   Check smoke detectors - Make sure detectors are working properly
     and that new batteries are installed.
4.   Be aware of overuse of electrical outlets - Don't overload your
     electrical outlets. Be careful of extension cords that present hazardous
     walkways.
5.   Have one or more working fire extinguishers in your home - Get
     training from the fire department in how to use them.
6.   Consider installing an automatic fire sprinkler system in your
     home. Statistics from the National Fire Protection Association show
     that automated fire sprinkler systems typically reduce chances of
     dying in a fire and reduce the average property loss by one-half to
     two-thirds where they are used.
7.   Agree on a plan of escape and a safe meeting place after escaping.
8.   Agree on a plan and a safe spot in the house in case of a bad
     storm.




                        Skills for Independent Living
                              Daily Living Skills
                                 Page 28 of 29
                          Daily Living Skills Post-Test
Name___________________________
Date____________________________

Please circle the number that describes you best and answer the questions below
                                                                                      Very
                                                                    Not               much
                                                                    like   Somewhat   like
DAILY LIVING                                                        me     like me    me
I buy things at the store on my own.                                1      2          3
I save money for things I want to buy.                              1      2          3
I can fix meals for myself on my own.                               1      2          3
I fix my clothes when they need it, like sewing on a button.        1      2          3
I compare prices on different brands to get the best price.         1      2          3
I use things in the kitchen, like the microwave, electric mixer,
and oven.                                                           1      2          3
I can name two ways to save money on things I buy.                  1      2          3
I prevent or minimize roaches, ants, mice, mold, mildew, etc.       1      2          3
I know how to wash my clothes according to the label (for
example, hand wash, dry clean, cold water).                         1      2          3
I keep my living space clean.                                       1      2          3
I usually know how much money I have in savings.                    1      2          3
I store food so it doesn’t spoil or go bad.                         1      2          3
I follow the basic fire prevention and safety rules for where I
live.                                                               1      2          3
      1. Before you buy an expensive CD player, you should?

           A. Make sure you have enough money to pay for it.

           B. Ask someone who has a similar CD player.

           C. Compare prices for different brands of CD players.

           D. All of the above.



   2. Where’s the best place to store uncooked macaroni?

           A. In the refrigerator.

           B. In the freezer.

           C. In the store.

           D. In the cupboard


                                Skills for Independent Living
                                      Daily Living Skills
                                         Page 29 of 29

								
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