Wish You Were Here: Learning in Second Life Presentation of initial forays into teaching in a virtual world PD days, CTE, 6 January 2010 −Prof. Dan Holt −Communication Department Background League for Innovation 1996 “Well, six months ago we were working on this CD, but today, we’re redesigning to place it online.” Background President Abel Sykes' vision and charge: To create an online degree program in eleven months. To be the first CC in Michigan to offer an online degree. To be on the cutting edge of online education. Background Sense of person: interactivity Sense of place Enhancing sense of place Multi User Virtual Environments (MUVEs) Image from <http://tinyurl.com/38xwk2 >. Enhancing sense of place Second Life Enhancing sense of place Second Life Enhancing sense of place List of conferences, seminars, and discussion groups that I attended in SL in 45 days: ISTE discussion group Second Life Educators Roundtable UCLA Mellon seminar in Digital Humanities Virtual Worlds Research Group East Carolina University conference "Virtual Worlds Metanomics in Education" Science Friday Educause Annual Conference Science Fiction and Fantasy Portal at InfoIsland MacArthur Foundation "Real World Impacts from the Virtual World" West of Ireland reading Community Colleges in Second Life discussion group Program for the Future conference Epic Institute "Where Are We Going with Virtual University of Louisiana's Invitational Conference on Reality?--and Who Will We Be When We Get There?“ Virtual Worlds discussion group Enhancing sense of place Community Colleges in SL: Pellissippi State Technical Community College, Knoxville, TN Enhancing sense of place Program for the Future, San Jose, California Enhancing sense of place Exploring Second Life: Angel learning Isle Enhancing sense of place Angel LMS: Presence and Place When students talk to me or sit around a table and provide input to the group, it feels as if we are all actually in the same room. We can refer to elements in our environment that we can all see. It is important because it brings together the students from distant geographical areas to one central location where we are actually seeing the same thing and interacting as if we were all in one physical location. Additionally, it is important because I have students work with each other in teams and the closeness of the virtual world helps foster trust among the students and they work well together virtually because they have a sense of one another. Kapp, Karl. “We Have 2D Virtual Classrooms, Why 3D?” Kapp’s Notes 29 Oct. 2008. 31 Oct. 2008 <http://karlkapp.blogspot.com/2008/10/we-have-2d-virtual-classrooms-why-3d.html>. Presence and Place We are trying to overcome the distance you feel in distance education by being socially connected.... You develop socially as well as intellectually in college. “Huntington Junior College Raises Distance Ed Retention with Second Life Mash-up.” Reuters 23 Sept. 2008. 12 Jan. 2009 < http://www.reuters.com/article/pressRelease/idUS188356+23-Sep-2008+PRN20080923>. Three principles: teaching in a MUVE 1. Simplicity − both for students and for other faculty. − I want to keep the tools I use in world recognizable and useful for students and perceived, quickly, as such by faculty. Simplicity A circle of pillows to sit on for class: Simplicity A simple sign at my office on Angel Learning Island: Simplicity A simple URL dispenser for the course syllabus (and calendar): SL is a place 2. Second Life is a place. − An educational tool? − Angel LMS is an aggregation of tools: Drop boxes Discussion forums Chat logs URLs SL is a place − Most Web 2.0 applications are tools: SL is a place Second Life is a place where you can use tools to accomplish work (or learning, or play) that you want to accomplish. SL is a place Example: a chat client is a tool. SL is a place Angel Learning Island is a place in Second Life where chatting can occur. Writing class 3. I'm teaching a writing class, not a Second Life class. − I've seen very good composition classes where the instructor has the students write about SL. − In order to make SL really viable as a place to conduct online classes, the focus has to be on something else, in most cases. − In other words, when I first started online classes, I did not have students write about being online. − However, if I see SL as a place, then it makes more sense to consider having students write about that place, bringing readers insight about what a virtual world is like. WRIT 121: Fall '09 Three major activities completed in SL: 1. Real time chats 2. SL field trips 3. Whole class meeting WRIT 121: Real time chats For online classes, I usually require students to attend at least one chat a week, no more than an hour, based on times they send to me. WRIT 121: Real time chats Why have I done so for over a dozen years? − Chats give students a sense of person, a sense that they are working with real people. − Again, though, it's all text: WRIT 121: Real time chats Text is great. But text is not a person communicating with you in a place. WRIT 121: Real time chats How is it different from text chat? − Sense of dealing with a person much stronger. − Students are intrigued. − Some were having friends watch over their shoulders--one with a friend from Lake Superior who insisted on seeing what she was doing because she said, "We don't have anything like that at our campus!" WRIT 121: Real time chats − Students enjoyed meeting in SL. Disappointed when I announced no chat for the next week. WRIT 121: Real time chats The challenge of giving instructions. − Moving from 2d to 3d online classes: “deja vu all over again.” − Notecards—in text chat versus notecards instructions. WRIT 121: SL field trips During chats, we could teleport to other sims and explore together. Toys: WRIT 121: SL field trips Music − Graceland WRIT 121: SL field trips − Country line dancing WRIT 121: SL field trips − Mechanical bull ride WRIT 121: SL field trips − Woodstock WRIT 121: Whole class meeting One Tuesday evening, instead of meeting on campus (as a hybrid class), we met on Angel Learning Isle. WRIT 121: Whole class meeting We met for instructions and then broke up into small groups to discuss thesis statements for essay. WRIT 121: Whole class meeting Instructions were found in the blue box. Students broke up into three groups to teleport. WRIT 121: Whole class meeting Discussing thesis statements: WRIT 121: Whole class meeting I stayed in the classroom area, to meet late students, and answer questions. WRIT 121: Whole class meeting An unexpected observation: Sense of movement: TP rather than IM. Seems to add to engagement, much like having students move around in a classroom to break up a long class session. Online students participating in a text or voice chat never have a sense of movement within a landscape of any sort while working with each other. Future trends "By the end of 2011, 80 percent of active Internet users (and Fortune 500 enterprises) will have a “second life,” but not necessarily in Second Life. John Gartner. "Virtual Worlds: Real Opportunities." Gartner IT Symposium. 22 April 200. Qtd. in Karl Kapp. “Welcome to World of 3D Learning. This Is It? What is the Big Deal?” Slideshow. Oct. 2008. 98 slides. 31 Oct. 2008 <http://www.slideshare.net/kkapp/why3d2-presentation>. Image from <http://www.socialhallucinations.com/consumers/>. Future trends • Fastest growing age group using virtual worlds: ages 10-15. • Jumped from 209 million users in Sept. 08 to 260 million in Feb. 09. “K Zero: 260M Registered Accounts for the 10-15-Year-Old Virtual World Demo.” Viirtual World News 9 Feb. 2009. Web. 5 Jan. 2010. http://www.virtualworldsnews.com/2009/02/k-zero-260m-registered-accounts-for-the-1015yearold-virtual-world-demo.html Future Trends Colleges and Universities in SL − Over a thousand according to Linden Labs. Sinclair, Gwennette, Kennesaw State U, Georgia. LA Invitational Conference VW. U of New Orleans, 12 Dec. 2008. Future trends Community colleges in SL Kleinman, Brad. “Second Life for Community Colleges and Continuing Education Departments.” Addicted to eMarketing 27 Oct. 2008. 17 Mar. 2009 < http://bskconsulting.com/2008/10/second-life-for-community-colleges-and-continuing-education-departments/>. Valencia Community College Caldwell Community College Northern Virginia Community College Community College of Aurora Mesa Community College Moraine Valley Community College Brevard Community College Monroe Community College Broome Community College Lane Community College + at least 29 more. See <http://ccsl.wetpaint.com/page/CC+Locations>. Future Trends Where is Lansing Community College? Image from <http://dusanwriter.com/index.php/2008/12/12/the-big-map-of-second-life/>. Image from <http://wiki.secondlife.com/wiki/Webmap_API>. Future Trends Are we still on the cutting edge?
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