International Standards in Technical and Vocational Education and by inr11138

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									International Standards in
Technical and Vocational
  Education and Training
         by Hans Krönner




             International Workshop on
   Workforce Development in the Knowledge Economy
    Seoul, Republic of Korea, 07-13 September 2005
                             Overview
 1.    Introduction
 2.    Scope
 3.    Sources
 4.    Legal basis and monitoring
 5.    Utilizing international standards
       for action planning


ADBI-KRIVET Workshop     The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                     by Hans Krönner                     2
                             Overview
 1. Introduction
 2. Scope
 3. Sources
 4. Legal basis and monitoring
 5. Utilizing international standards
    for action planning


ADBI-KRIVET Workshop     The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                     by Hans Krönner                     3
                          Introduction
 •     Workers, data workers, knowledge workers
 •     Information about standards is a prerequisite
 •     “Normative instruments”
       Convention, Recommendation, Declaration, Charter, Code, Principle

 •     Governmental; Public/Private Partnerships
 •     Procedures and legal aspects
 •     Different from technical standards
       such as units, symbols, definitions


ADBI-KRIVET Workshop     The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                     by Hans Krönner                     4
                             Overview
 1. Introduction
 2. Scope of international standards
 3. Sources
 4. Legal basis and monitoring
 5. Utilizing international standards
    for action planning


ADBI-KRIVET Workshop     The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                     by Hans Krönner                     5
                                 Scope
           • Education
           • Training
           • Preparation for work
           • Workplace
           • Work environment


ADBI-KRIVET Workshop     The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                     by Hans Krönner                     6
                                 Issues
 • Access to education and training
 • Education and training objectives
 • Relationship of education, training and work
 • Safety and health at the workplace
 • Labor standards
 • Economical, ecological and social dimensions of work
 • Ethical aspects
 • Human Rights

ADBI-KRIVET Workshop     The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                     by Hans Krönner                     7
                             Overview
 1. Introduction
 2. Scope
 3. Sources of international standards
 4. Legal basis and monitoring
 5. Utilizing international standards
    for action planning


ADBI-KRIVET Workshop     The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                     by Hans Krönner                     8
                Sources of Standards
 • The United Nations system
        • UN General Assembly
        • UN Agencies: UNESCO, ILO
 • Private Sector involvement
        • Tourism
        • Global Compact
ADBI-KRIVET Workshop     The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                     by Hans Krönner                     9
Universal Declaration of Human Rights

 Everyone has the right to education.
 Education shall be free, at least in the
 elementary and funda-mental stages.
 Elementary education shall be compulsory.
 Technical and professional education
 shall be made generally available and
 higher education shall be equally
 accessible to all on the basis of merit.
                                                                               (Article 26,1)

ADBI-KRIVET Workshop     The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                     by Hans Krönner                              10
           UN Specialized Agencies
 • United Nations Educational, Scientific
   and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
 • International Labour Organization (ILO)

 Others:
 • Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)
 • World Health Organization (WHO)
 • …
ADBI-KRIVET Workshop     The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                     by Hans Krönner                     11
     Role of ILO and UNESCO (1954)
 • … the word "training" is likely to invoke
   the concern of the ILO …
 • … the word "education" is likely to invoke
   the concern of UNESCO.

 • ILO: … in factories, workshops or special centres
 • UNESCO: … within a general educational system


ADBI-KRIVET Workshop     The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                     by Hans Krönner                     12
         Roles of UNESCO and ILO
       UNESCO 2001:                                            ILO 2004:
Technical and vocational education                 Members should identify ...
is further understood to be:                       policies which:
  (a) an integral part of general                    (a) facilitate lifelong learning and
     education;                                          employability as part of a range of
  (b) a means of preparing for                           policy measures designed to create
     occupational fields and for effective               decent jobs, as well as to achieve
     participation in the world of work;                 sustainable economic and social
  (c) an aspect of lifelong learning and a               development;
     preparation for responsible                     (b) give equal consideration to
     citizenship;                                        economic and social objectives
  (d) an instrument for promoting                        … as well as the development of
     environmentally sound sustainable                   competencies, promotion of decent
     development;                                        work, job retention, social
                                                         development, social inclusion
  (e) a method of facilitating poverty                   and poverty reduction;
     alleviation.
  (Revised Recommendation on TVET)                   (Recommendation 195)
ADBI-KRIVET Workshop        The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                        by Hans Krönner                           13
            TVET in the UN System




ADBI-KRIVET Workshop     The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                     by Hans Krönner                     14
 The UNESCO Convention (1989)

    1.     Scope
    2.     Objectives
    3.     Content and Structures
    4.     Periodic Review
    5.     Personnel
    6.     International cooperation

ADBI-KRIVET Workshop     The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                     by Hans Krönner                     15
 The UNESCO Recommendation (2001)
  1.     Scope
  2.     Objectives
  3.     Policy, planning and administration
  4.     TVE and general education
  5.     Preparation for an occupational field
  6.     TVE as continuing education
  7.     Guidance
  8.     The learning process
  9.     Staff
  10.    International cooperation


ADBI-KRIVET Workshop     The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                     by Hans Krönner                     16
           The Example of the WTO
 • WTO Membership:
      • 145 countries
      • 300 members from private sector
 • Global Code of Ethics in Tourism
      • adopted by WTO General Assembly (1999)
      • endorsed by UN General Assembly (2001)
 • Right and duty of workers to training

ADBI-KRIVET Workshop     The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                     by Hans Krönner                     17
    The Global Compact of the UN
 • Public-Private Partnership
      • UN Secretary General
      • UNHCHR, ILO, UNEP, UNDP, UNIDO, UNODC
      • 2000 Participants

 • 10 Principles related to:
      •   Human Rights
      •   Labour Standards
      •   Environment
      •   Anti-Corruption

ADBI-KRIVET Workshop     The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                     by Hans Krönner                     18
              Finding more standards
                                                 ILO Website
                                       Human Resources Develop-
                                       ment Recommendation (2004)
                                           • Background report
                                           • International instruments
                                             by organisation, by topic
                                           • National initiatives
                                             by country, by topic

                                             www.logos-net.net/ilo/195_base/en/main.htm


ADBI-KRIVET Workshop     The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                     by Hans Krönner                        19
                             Overview
 1. Introduction
 2. Scope
 3. Sources
 4. Legal basis and monitoring
 5. Utilizing international standards
    for action planning


ADBI-KRIVET Workshop     The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                     by Hans Krönner                     20
  Legal basis and monitoring: ILO
 • Conventions:
      •   International treaties; ratification
      •   Reports by Member States
      •   Independent Expert Committee
      •   Committee on Application of Standards
      •   Violations: “Representation”
 • Recommendations
      • non-binding

ADBI-KRIVET Workshop     The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                     by Hans Krönner                     21
Legal basis and monitoring: UNESCO
 • Conventions:
      •   Two thirds majority
      •   To be submitted for ratification
      •   Case to case monitoring (e.g. reports)
      •   Violations: Procedure for human rights violations only
 • Recommendations
      • Simple majority
      • Made known to bodies and target groups
      • Case to case monitoring (e.g. reports)
 • Declaration, Charters etc.
      • Framework currently under development

ADBI-KRIVET Workshop     The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                     by Hans Krönner                     22
           Legal basis and monitoring:
                Global Compact
 • Voluntary accession by companies
 • Formal letter to UN Secretary General
 • Commitments by companies:
      • Publicly advocate Global Compact
      • Publish reports how Global Compact and its
        principles are being supported
 • Accountability and transparency
 • No enforcement, no sanctions


ADBI-KRIVET Workshop     The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                     by Hans Krönner                     23
                             Overview
 1. Introduction
 2. Scope
 3. Sources
 4. Legal basis and monitoring
 5. Utilizing international standards
    for action planning

ADBI-KRIVET Workshop     The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                     by Hans Krönner                     24
                         Action Planning
Using International Standards:

• As checklists for TVET legislation, policy, planning
• As reference documents to argue with MPs,
  Ministers, key officials, training providers
• As legally binding documents if ratified
• As curriculum content in TVET


ADBI-KRIVET Workshop      The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
07 to13 September 2005                      by Hans Krönner                     25
               www.intervoc.de/seoul


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ADBI-KRIVET Workshop
07 to13 September 2005
                           The Contribution of TVET to Sustainable Development
                                             by Hans Krönner                      26

								
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