Standing Operating Procedures for Local Authority Emergency Public by zlt20671

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									 Standing Operating Procedures
               for
         Local Authority
Emergency Public Health Services




        Northern Sydney Public Health Unit
              January 2001
Definitions

Local Authority Public Health Coordinator
In this SOP means the designated environmental health officer nominated by the
Local Authority. See “Environmental Health Officer”


Environmental Health Officer
In this SOP means an employee of the Area Health Service or Local Government
Organisation specifically authorised to administer the requirements of the Public
Health Act.

Local Government Area
In this SOP means a local government area within the meaning of the Local
Government Act 1993, as amended, or combination of local government areas as
referred to in section 27 of SERM Act.

NSW Department of Health
For the purposes of this SOP, this term is used to describe the government department
that wishes to make use of the resources and services of any of the staff of the NSW
Health Department, Area Health Service, Rural Health Service, Ambulance,
Hospitals, Organisation or Council, as the case may be for the functions designated in
and purposes of this SOP.

Public Health Services Role
The role of the Public Health Services is to protect the health of the population or
groups of people as distinct from the health of individuals. This protection may
involve health surveillance, monitoring and the investigation of infectious disease
outbreaks and hazards in the environment resulting from disasters.

Local Government Role
Local Government Authority cooperation with public health services and resource
sharing is a responsibility to be arranged at Area Health Service level, or as
coordinated through the District or Local DISPLAN. The local Authority Public
Health Coordinator will be responsible to the Area Public Health Controller and is
responsible for providing local public health advice and support.
INTRODUCTION
The NSW Health Department has the responsibility for the overall planning of
hospital / medical, ambulance, mental health and PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICES in
the event of major incidents or disasters in NSW. Every Area Health Service in NSW
has its own Plan and SOPs including a SOP for Public Health Services. The
responsibility for the coordination of Public Health Services in a major incident or
disaster is assigned to the Area Public Health Services Controller who is normally a
member of the Area Public Health Unit. Local Authorities have a supporting role.

AIM
The aim of this document is to provide an outline of the role and responsibilities of
the Local Authorities in emergency public health issues. It also clarifies the
relationship between the Local Authority and the Area Health Service and in
particular the Public Health Unit.

THE SOP
1. This SOP covers the involvement of a Local Government Authority in Public
   Health responses to major incidents or diasters and should be a component of the
   Local Displan. In any case it should be used in conjunction other plans such as the
   Area Health Plan which includes the Area Public Health Emergency SOP.
2. The Local Authority shall appoint a Local Authority Public Health (LAPH)
   Coordinator and alternative. Where more than one local Authority shares the one
   local DISPLAN, the appointments can be shared.
3. The role and responsibilities of the LAPH Coordinator is outlined in Annex I
4. A list of possible public health roles or services requested in emergency disasters
   is provided in Annex II
5. The duty LAPH Coordinator should be contactable 24 hrs a day, 7 days per week.
6. A copy of this SOP should be readily available to the LAPH Coordinator and any
   environmental health staff that could be called upon to assist.


PUBLIC HEALTH COMPONENT FOR LOCAL DISPLAN
The Local DISPLAN should contain the following provision for a Public Health
Response:

PUBLIC HEALTH
1. The public health component of any local emergency shall be coordinated by the
   Local Authority Public Health Coordinator who is responsible for providing local
   advice and support.

2. The nature of the advice and support is referred to in Part 2 Section 204 (4) of the
   NSW Healthplan and more specifically in the Area Health Services Standing
   Operating Procedures for public Health Services.

3. Potential local public health emergencies that could arise from certain events ie
   mass gatherings for music festivals, sporting events, food or wine fairs etc., shall
   be the subject of separate management plans or SOPs.

4. Sub plans or SOP’s for specific local emergencies ie floods and earthquakes shall
   provide for the public health impacts that could be expected.
MANAGEMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH IN MAJOR INCIDENTS OR
DISASTERS

1. It is likely that any significant incident will be dealt with at the Area Health
   Services level.

2. Where the local DISPLAN is activated, the Local Authority should be prepared to
   provide advice on public health emergency issues to the LEOCON through the
   LAPH Coordinator.

3. Local Authority officers may call at any time on the resources of the Area Public
   Health Unit in dealing with a public health emergency management issue. This
   may be through the Local or District Emergency Management Organisation or by
   direct contact with the Public Health Controller or Commander.


NOTIFICATION
The LEOCON is responsible for activating the local DISPLAN and ensuring that Key
Personnel are notified in accordance with the Plan. This should include the LAPH
Coordinator.
The LAPH Coordinator may be notified direct by the Area Health Services Public
Health Controller or Commander. This notification may be verbal or in written form
and will be accompanied by an outline of the support required .

ACTIVATION
At activation of the local DISPLAN, the Local Authorities’ Environmental Health
Sections may be called upon by the LEOCON through its LAPH coordinator to
provide advice on and assistance with the management of Public Health matters
related to the emergency.

At activation of the District DISPLAN, any Public Health issues with the
emergency will be the responsibility of the PHU. LAPH Coordinators may be called
upon to provide specialist advice and personnel resources.

At activation of State DISPLAN, the Public Health support may be provided by the
PHU situated in the area where the emergency has occurred. Depending on the extent
of the emergency, the State Health Plan may be activated in which case the Public
Health response is coordinated at the State level. In any case, the request for support
from local Council will be channelled through the Health Department command chain
to the local government authority or authorities.

NOTE
Council may be required at any time to assist with personnel and resources to respond
to an incident. It is not essential that any Plan is activated. An example is a response
to a HAZMAT incident.
                                                                               ANNEX I


      Extract from NSW Health Plan: SOP for Public Health Services PART SIX

                                     ACTION SUMMARIES



606   Local Authority Public Health Coordinator

      A designated Environmental Health Officer nominated by the Local Authority.

      Responsible to:

      The Area Public Health Controller

      Responsible for:

      1.    Coordinating local resources as listed in the local public health response
            protocols;

      2.    Providing public health advice at the local level;

      3.    Providing specialist support from local authority resources;

      4.    Compile and maintain a local resources register .




                              January 2001
                                                                                      ANNEX II



          Extract from NSW Health Plan: SOP for Public Health Services PART FOUR

                                 PUBLIC HEALTH ROLES OR SERVICES

401     Public Health resources are to be provided to ensure:

401.1 The provision of coordinated public health services to the community under a single
       management structure.

401.2    The conduct of environmental health surveys to determine the likelihood of risk to the
         health of the public.

401.3    Investigation of infectious disease outbreaks and advice on disease control with
         reference to standing operating procedures.

401.4    Assess and advise on the potential health risks of chemical incidents and
         environmental hazards that acutely endanger the health of human populations or are
         thought to have longer term health consequences.

401.5    Advise on the potential health risks of radiation incidents in close collaboration with
         the Radiation Branch of the EPA.

401.6    Advise on the provision of safe and adequate drinking water. Coordinate health
         surveillance of drinking water quality.

401.7    Advise on the control of human disease factors

401.8    Advise on safe food handling, preparation, storage and distribution of food for human
         consumption. Coordinate emergency food surveillance programs.

401.9    Advise on safe disposal of human wastes and establishment of emergency toilets and
         showers when required.

401.10 Advise on the collection, transport and disposal of refuse and hazardous wastes in
       consultation with Engineering and Environmental Functional Areas.

401.11 Advise on the management of clinical wastes including blood products and body
       tissue.

401.12 Advise on the handling of the deceased including body storage and temporary
       mortuary facilities in close consultation with the NSW Police Service and the NSW
       Coroner.

401.13 Advise on the public health and amenity aspects of damaged buildings prior to
       reoccupation.

401.14 Advise on the public health and amenity aspects of emergency shelter
       accommodation and communal facilities in consultation with Welfare Services
       Functional Area Representatives.

401.15 Advise on community hygiene requirements as may be dictated by the major
       incident/disaster situation.




                                  January 2001

								
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