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Safety At The Workplace

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					SAFETY AT THE WORKPLACE




             -
INTRODUCTION
•   Every employee prefers to work in a safe environment.

•   It is the legal responsibility of employees to provide safe
    working atmosphere.

•   Accidents at workplace leads to loss of property & lives.

•   Safety codes & standards must be followed.

•   Preventive measures must be taken.

•   Training and awareness programs must be carried out.

•   Emergency medical aid team must always be ready for
    help.
WORKPLACE FATALITY STATISTICS

                       •   United States workplace
                           fatalities statistics.
                       •   Number of male fatal
                           cases forms majority.
                       •   Thousands of people die
                           at workplace due to:


                       1. Carelessness
                       2. Accidents
                       3. Insufficient contingency
                          plans
WORKPLACE FATALITY STATISTICS

                    •   Risks involved depends on
                        type of job.


                    •   According to Bureau of Labor
                        statistics, US, truck drivers
                        job its at highest risk.


                    •   Data taken from Wikipedia
                        record.


                    •   Preventive safety measures
                        can curb the situations.
TYPES OF RISKS INVOLVED

• Degree of risks varies with environment at the workplace.



                           Types of accidents
                             at workplace




             Fatal risks                    Low degree risks
TYPES OF RISKS INVOLVED

Fatal risks:

• Falling from heights

• Fire

• Short circuits

• Equipment failure

• Exposure to harmful chemicals

• Getting hit by vehicle

• Electric Shock
TYPES OF RISKS INVOLVED

Low degree risks:

 • Excessive noise

 • Slippages

 • Eye-strain due to computer
 screen

 • Breathing problems due to dust,
 fumes, etc

 • Electricity failure
TYPES OF RISKS INVOLVED

                       Painters at work




 Falling from ladder
                           c
                                           Slippage due to paint
                                           Bucket in the path


  Slipping of ladder
                                          Slippage due to cloth
PROCESSES TO BE FOLLOWED

To ensure health and safety following processes must be
followed:


• Defined goal and objectives

• Commitment from management

• Trained team for safety

• Well defined safe processes for workers

• Safety programs, plans, and policies

• Safety processes, procedures, and practices
PROCESSES TO BE FOLLOWED

• Inspections for hazardous work area

• Audits

• Safety tracking & metrics

• Identification of Hazardous area and control

• Promoting involvement of employees

• Safety education and proper training

• Communication for awareness and alertness
EFEFCTIVE SAFETY TRAINING

An effective safety training helps in reduction of:

• Injuries

• Deaths

• Property Damage

• Legalities

• Health issues

• Sick Leaves

• Worker’s Compensation claims.
EFEFCTIVE SAFETY TRAINING

• The training material must be well documented.

• By the help of videos, pictures and games the training
process can avoid the trainees to go to sleep.

• Trainees should also realize the
Importance of training and pay due
attention to the trainer.
EFEFCTIVE SAFETY TRAINING

    Topics to be covered during Safety Training program
CODES & STANDARD




“ Codes & Standards should be followed with utmost sincerity & alertness”
CODES & STANDARDS
               • A common and well guided practice and standards
               are required to be followed for ensuring safety.

               • Companies work in compliance with OSHA, i.e. Occu-
               -pational Safety & Health Administration standards. It
               regulates and ensures safety standard.



• OSHA has defined very clear and meticulously detailed standards for
every type of workplace environment.

• Associations providing training programs: National Association of
Safety Professionals, American Society of Safety Engineers, and
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU), Workplace
Fatalities & the Aftermath etc.
WARNING LABELS & SAFETY BOARDS

• It is a best method to create alertness amongst workers.

• Proper standards must be followed for creating labels.

• Laminated labels are readily available in market in
  accordance with standards.

• Safety boards : “Site under construction” , “Under
  maintenance”, “ Dead end” , “Exit” etc.

• Warning labels can be pasted anywhere on the equipment
  or area prone to hazards.

• Examples of warning labels: Acid vent, No Smoking,
  Caution, Arc flash labels, Danger Zone, etc.
WARNING LABELS & SAFETY BOARDS
CASE STUDY

 •   Let us take an example of an electric maintenance officer.




 •    He has to do maintenance work for a High voltage Power
     distribution board, which is a hazardous area.
CASE STUDY

 • First line of defense for the personnel is PPE.

 • PPE is Personnel Protective Equipment which is decided on the
 basis of the category of hazard.

 • Risks involved : Fire, electric shock, damage to eye, burns to
 skin, slippage due to improper shoes, etc.

 • PPE required : Insulated gloves, Insulated tools with proper
 grip, Rubber shoes, Protective suit, Goggles, etc.

 • Along with PPE, the personnel needs proper safety training for
 the work to be carried out and must be aware of the dangers
 involved.
CASE STUDY
PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES
 •    Providing awareness to the workers/ employees about the
     hazardous areas.

 •    Instructing and Training employees to fight such situations in
     case of emergency.

 •   Providing proper working machinery for work and its regular
     maintenance.

 •    Keeping the dangerous goods or hazardous chemicals
     following proper safety codes.

 •   Controlling the agents like dust, noise, fumes.

 •   Providing hygiene facilities like clean toilets and changing
     rooms.
PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES
•   Use of warning and good practices label wherever required

•   Regularly monitoring the work area and employee health

•   First aid box practice is a must

•   Demonstrations of safe work practices at regular intervals

•   Use of PPE: Personnel Protection Equipment

•   Restriction on smoking or intake of alcohol or drugs in
    workplace

•   Medical management

•   Identifying and reporting hazards
CONCLUSION



  “ Effective training programs for safety at workplace can
  reduce the number of fatalities and injuries, thus creating a
  better and safer place to live.”



  “Efforts from both, employer as well as employee is
  required to ensure safety at the workplace.”

				
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Description: Workplace safety is a major concern for every office these days. This presentation covers all the aspects with examples and pictorial representation of workplace safety.