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					                   Annual Goal                                              Benchmark
Articulation       Student will improve speech sound production             Student will produce ____ in words, phrases,
                   skills in order to speak using appropriate forms,        sentences, and conversation with % accuracy.
                   conventions, and styles to communicate ideas and
                   information to different audiences for different
                   purposes.
Asking Questions   Student will improve expressive language in order        Student will pose questions to obtain ideas and
                   to independently and collaboratively use a variety       information for authentic purposes.
                   of resources, methods, and research tools to access
                   ideas and information to learn and to communicate
                   ideas for specific purposes.
Antonyms /         Student will improve receptive/expressive language       Student will use auditory and visual strategies to
Synonyms           in order to develop abilities to apply appropriate       understand words and their meanings
                   reading strategies to make sense of a variety of print   (antonyms/synonyms).
                   and non-print texts for various authentic purposes.
Auditory (Short-   Student will improve receptive/expressive language       Student will re-tell familiar stories to demonstrate
term) memory       in order to develop abilities to apply appropriate       understanding of plot.
                   reading strategies to make sense of a variety of print   Student will re-tell stories or parts of stories
                   and non-print texts for various authentic purposes.      containing beginning, middle, and end, and
                                                                            important details.
Augmentative       Student will improve expressive language skills in       Student will use combinations of pictures,
Communication      order to learn and apply the writing process and         symbols, letters, and words to convey meaning.
– Low Tech         criteria for effective writing, develop story
                   structures and language patterns through visual and
                   symbolic language.
Augmentative       Student will use available and emerging technology       Student will explore and use technology as a
Communication      to gather, organize, manipulate, and express ideas       means of communication.
– Hi Tech          and information for a variety of authentic purposes.
Cause / Effect     Student will improve receptive/expressive language       Student will understand how and why (cause &
Relationships      in order to understand, analyze, and interpret           effect) events occurred in the community, state, or
                   historical events, conditions, trends, and issues to     nation.
                   develop historical perspective.
Classification /   Student will improve receptive/expressive language       Student will display understanding of or express
Categorization     in order to understand that properties of materials      semantic categories.
                   can be measured and used to describe, separate, or
                   sort objects.
Compare /          Student will improve receptive/expressive language       Student will compare/contrast two vocabulary
Contrast           in order to understand that properties of materials      words.
                   can be measured and used to describe, separate, or
                   sort objects.
Comparative /      Student will improve receptive/expressive language       Student will identify and apply patterns in words
Superlative        in order to develop abilities to apply appropriate       through comparative/superlative forms.
                   reading strategies to make sense of a variety of print
                   and non-print texts for various authentic purposes.
Defining /         Student will improve receptive/expressive language       Student will define/describe classroom (or age-
Describing         in order to understand that properties of materials      appropriate) vocabulary.
Vocabulary         can be measured and used to describe, separate, or
                   sort objects.
Descriptive        Student will construct meaning from observing and        Student will understand and express descriptive
Concepts           listening and apply techniques for effective             concepts.
                   speaking to communicate ideas and information for
                   a variety of authentic purposes, situations, and
                   audiences.
Fluency            Student will construct meaning from observing and        Student will present information using appropriate
                   listening and apply techniques for effective             delivery techniques (e.g. slow easy speech) in
                   speaking to communicate ideas and information for        words, phrases, and sentences.
                   a variety of authentic purposes, situations, and
                   audiences.
Target             Annual Goal                                              Benchmark
Following          Student will construct meaning from observing and        Student will interpret and apply meaning from
Directions         listening and apply techniques for effective             listening by following 1 & 2-step commands.
                   speaking to communicate ideas and information for
                   a variety of authentic purposes, situations, and
                   audiences.
Following          Student will construct meaning from observing and        Student will identify and apply appropriate
Routine            listening and apply techniques for effective             listening behaviors in various situations by
                   speaking to communicate ideas and information for        following classroom routine throughout the day.
                   a variety of authentic purposes, situations, and
                   audiences.
Listening          Student will improve receptive/expressive language       Student will re-tell familiar stories to demonstrate
Comprehension /    in order to develop abilities to apply appropriate       understanding of plot.
Paraphrasing       reading strategies to make sense of a variety of print   Student will summarize what happened in story
                   and non-print texts for various authentic purposes.      by telling.
                                                                            Student will identify story elements in a passage,
                                                                            including characters, setting, problem/solution,
                                                                            and plot.
MLU Increase       Student will improve expressive language skills in       Student will use words to form simple sentences.
                   order to learn and apply the writing process and         Student will form sentences with complex ideas
                   criteria for effective writing, develop story            and/or structures.
                   structures and language patterns through visual and
                   symbolic language.
Oral-Motor         Student will make sense of and communicate ideas         Student will perform oral-motor tasks in imitation.
Imitation          through movement.
Part-Whole         Student will improve receptive/expressive language       Student will recognize that a set of objects can be
Relationships      skills in order to understand mathematical structure     broken into parts in many ways.
                   concepts including the properties and logic of
                   various mathematical systems.
Past Tense         Student will construct meaning from observing and        Student will engage in informal communication
                   listening and apply techniques for effective             using appropriate past tense.
                   speaking to communicate ideas and information for
                   a variety of authentic purposes, situations, and
                   audiences.
Phonemic           Student will improve receptive/expressive language       Student will use phonetic awareness to
Awareness          in order to develop abilities to apply appropriate       understand words.
                   reading strategies to make sense of a variety of print   Student will develop awareness of sounds and
                   and non-print texts for various authentic purposes.      patterns in language including auditory
                                                                            segmenting and blending.
Plurals            Student will construct meaning from observing and        Student will engage in informal communication
                   listening and apply techniques for effective             using appropriate plurals.
                   speaking to communicate ideas and information for
                   a variety of authentic purposes, situations, and
                   audiences.
Possessives        Student will construct meaning from observing and        Student will engage in informal communication
                   listening and apply techniques for effective             using appropriate possessives.
                   speaking to communicate ideas and information for
                   a variety of authentic purposes, situations, and
                   audiences.
Present            Student will improve receptive/expressive language       Student will identify and apply patterns in words
Progressive -ing   in order to develop abilities to apply appropriate       through present progressive –ing.
                   reading strategies to make sense of a variety of print
                   and non-print texts for various authentic purposes.
Problem Solving    Student will improve receptive/expressive language       Student will use syntactic and semantic cues to
/ Inferences       in order to develop abilities to apply appropriate       make sense of text through problem solving or
                   reading strategies to make sense of a variety of print   identifying inferences.
                   and non-print texts for various authentic purposes.
Target             Annual Goal                                              Benchmark
Pronouns           Student will construct meaning from observing and        Student will engage in informal communication
                   listening and apply techniques for effective             using appropriate (subjective, objective,
                   speaking to communicate ideas and information for        possessive) pronouns.
                   a variety of authentic purposes, situations, and
                   audiences.
Quantity           Student will construct meaning from observing and        Student will understand and express quantity
Concepts           listening and apply techniques for effective             concepts.
                   speaking to communicate ideas and information for
                   a variety of authentic purposes, situations, and
                   audiences.
Semantic Errors    Student will improve receptive/expressive language       Student will use auditory and visual strategies to
                   in order to develop abilities to apply appropriate       understand words and their meanings through
                   reading strategies to make sense of a variety of print   identifying semantic errors.
                   and non-print texts for various authentic purposes.
Sequencing         Student will improve receptive/expressive language       Student will re-tell stories or parts of stories
Events             in order to develop abilities to apply appropriate       containing beginning, middle, and end, and
                   reading strategies to make sense of a variety of print   important details.
                   and non-print texts for various authentic purposes.      Student will summarize the events of a story in
                                                                            sequence through telling.
                                                                            Student will understand basic story structure
                                                                            (beginning, middle, end).
Sequential /       Student will improve receptive/expressive language       Student will distinguish among past, present, and
Temporal           in order to understand, analyze, and interpret           future, and describe change over time.
Concepts           historical events, conditions, trends, and issues to
                   develop historical perspective.
Spatial Concepts   Student will improve receptive/expressive language       Student will define personal and general space
                   in order to perform physical movement skills             concepts.
                   effectively in a variety of settings.
Vocabulary /       Student will improve expressive language skills in       Student will label age-appropriate pictures.
Labeling           order to learn and apply the writing process and
                   criteria for effective writing, develop story
                   structures and language patterns through visual and
                   symbolic language.
Voice              Student will construct meaning from observing and        Student will present information using appropriate
                   listening and apply techniques for effective             delivery techniques (e.g. tone, volume) in words,
                   speaking to communicate ideas and information for        phrases, and sentences.
                   a variety of authentic purposes, situations, and
                   audiences.
Word               Student will improve receptive/expressive language       Student will use auditory and visual strategies to
Associations       in order to develop abilities to apply appropriate       understand words and their meanings through
                   reading strategies to make sense of a variety of print   word associations.
                   and non-print texts for various authentic purposes.
“Wh” Questions     Student will construct meaning from observing           Student will apply speaking-to-learn and
                   and listening and apply techniques for effective         speaking-to-demonstrate-learning strategies to
                   speaking to communicate ideas and information for        internalize understanding and to respond to others
                   a variety of authentic purposes, situations, and         (Answer “wh” and comprehensive questions).
                   audiences.                                               Student will identify story elements in a passage,
                   Student will improve receptive/expressive               including characters, setting, problem/solution,
                   language in order to develop abilities to apply          and plot by answering “wh” questions.
                   appropriate reading strategies to make sense of a
                   variety of print and non-print texts for various
                   authentic purposes.
Target            Annual Goal                                              Benchmark
Identifying and   Student will improve communication skills through        Student will use syntactic cues to make sense of
Correcting        applying appropriate strategies prerequisite to          text
Grammatical       making sense of a variety of print and non print
Errors            texts for various authentic tasks

Sentence          Student will improve oral language skills through        Student will use words to form simple sentences
Formulation       developing and applying story structures and             Student will form complex sentences with
                  language patterns through visual and symbolic            complex ideas and/or structures
                  language
Forming           Student will improve oral language skills through         Student will organize words logically in
Paragraphs        developing and applying story structures and             paragraphs and use transition words to move from
Orally            language patterns through visual and symbolic            one paragraph to another
                  language
Subject-Verb      Student will improve oral language skills through        Student will recognize conventional grammar in
Agreement,        developing and applying story structures and             sentences
Grammar Fill-     language patterns through visual and symbolic            Student will use conventional grammar in
ins,              language.                                                sentences, paragraphs and final drafts
Verb Tense
Organizational     Student will improve oral language through              Student will apply organizational skills and
Skills-Middle     constructing meaning from observing and listening        delivery techniques to produce oral messages and
School            and apply techniques for effective speaking to           products with or without technology
                  communicate ideas and information for a variety of
                  purposes, situations and audiences
Pragmatic          Student will improve pragmatic language skills          Student will interpret and apply meaning from
Skills -          needed to construct meaning from observing and           listening
Elementary        listening and apply techniques for effective             Student will identify and apply appropriate
                  speaking to communicate ideas and information for        listening behaviors in various situations and for
                  a variety of purposes, situations and audiences          various purposes
                                                                           Student will use senses to understand the word
                                                                           around them
Pragmatic         Student will improve pragmatic language skills           Student will adjust communication based on
Skills –          needed to construct meaning from observing and           audience, purpose and situation
Middle School     listening and apply techniques for effective             Student will prepare and deliver formal
                  speaking to communicate ideas and information for        presentations for specific audiences, purposes, and
                  a variety of purposes, situations and audiences          situations with/without technology and visual aids
                                                                           Student will use appropriate delivery techniques
                                                                           including correct and appropriate language, non-
                                                                           verbal cues and visual aids
General Social    For references to general social skills, please refer     .
Skills            to the Handout on Social Skills Embedded
                  throughout the Kentucky Curriculum, available
                  from Special Education Director or in Special
                  Education Manual
Idiomatic         Student will improve receptive/expressive language       Student will use auditory and visual strategies to
Expressions,      in order to develop abilities to apply appropriate       understand words and their meanings through
Multiple          reading strategies to make sense of a variety of print   word associations.
Meaning Words     and non-print texts for various authentic purposes.
  Annual Goals and Benchmarks
    Relevant to Students with
Speech and Language Impairments




               Developed by:

 Jessamine County Public Schools
  Speech-Language Pathologists
              2002



Based upon the Program of Studies for Kentucky Schools
                                          Preface

This document was developed to assist Speech-Language
Pathologists in developing IEPs that reflect connections to
curriculum standards.

This document provides general guidelines for developing
annual goals and benchmarks based on the Program of Studies
for Kentucky Schools. This document serves as a point of
reference and assumes that each SLP will use their judgment
and clinical writing skills to develop specific IEP objectives
that target the needs of each student in their charge.

For further information and assistance in developing objectives
for speech and language therapy, please consult the Program of
Studies, the Program of Studies Implementation Manual, or the
Core Content for Assessment available from the Kentucky
Department of Education or your district’s Special Education
Director.
Jessamine County Speech Language Pathologists:

Shelley Nead
Brenda Addington
Dickie Lee Porter
Geri Adkins
Jill Adams
Debbie Richardson
Emmi Marcum
Stacy Greene
Kim Walker
Laura Sturgill
Leigh Anne Shumate

				
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