The framework of "governmentality" guides her analysis of the Japanese reproductive system, which is divided into four different regimes: the Meiji restoration and creation of the modern family (ch. 2); the wartime and Occupation period (ch. 3); the postwar baby boom and consolidation of the Japanese reproductive system (ch. 4 and 5); and the post-transition period of low fertility from the mid1970s to the present (ch. 6). Since the onset of modernization, Takeda argues, the Japanese government has identified a close connection between biological reproduction and economic and sociopolitical reproduction necessary for Japan to survive and prosper in an international setting.
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