; THE PHENOMENON OF XENOPHOBIC VIOLENCE: A HISTORICAL AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW OF AMERICA IN THE WAKE OF TERROR
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THE PHENOMENON OF XENOPHOBIC VIOLENCE: A HISTORICAL AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW OF AMERICA IN THE WAKE OF TERROR

VIEWS: 10 PAGES: 16

Our paper reviews terrorist acts on U.S. soil within the past 17 years from a social psychological perspective, focusing on the resulting phenomenon of xenophobic violence even though acts of terrorism have been executed by both foreign and domestic perpetrators. This violence may be rooted in psychological reactance, which posits that threats to or losses of a freedom motivate the individual to restore that freedom or sense thereof (Brehm & Brehm, 1981). Additionally, such violence may be indicative of a syndrome perspective, which holds that individuals are able to identify terrorists from non-terrorists by specific, easily recognizable characteristics and traits (Kruglanski & Fishman, 2006). Foreigners are singled out because they fit the perceived "profile" of what a terrorist "looks like." The events discussed include the bombing of the World Trade Center (1993), Oklahoma City (1995), and the September 11th attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon (2001). [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]

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									       THE PHENOMENON OF XENOPHOBIC VIOLENCE:
        A HISTORICAL AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL
       REVIEW OF AMERICA IN THE WAKE OF TERROR
                              Victoria Springer
      Grant Sawyer Center for Justice Studies, University of Nevada, Reno
                               Barbara Larsen
                        University of Nevada, Reno*


ABSTRACT
Our paper reviews terrorist acts on U.S. soil within the past 17 years from a social
psychological perspective, focusing on the resulting phenomenon of xenophobic violence –
								
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