The Demography of South Asia from the 1950s to the 2000s A Summary of Changes and a Statistical Assessment by ProQuest

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South Asia is less advanced in its demographic transition than the world as a whole: the fertility rate was 3.2 children per woman between 2000-2005 compared with a global average of 2.7, while life expectancy at birth was 3.6 years below the world average. In 2004, the human development index (HDI)(3) was 0.60 compared with a world average of 0.74; per capita GDP (USD 3,072 per head in terms of purchasing power parity) was nearly three times below the world average, and adult literacy the lowest in the world, even below that of sub-Saharan Africa.

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