African Americans' Access to Vocational Rehabilitation Services After Antidiscrimination Legislation by ProQuest


The purpose of this study was to determine changes in African Americans' access to vocational rehabilitation (VR) services subsequent to landmark legislative and judicial antidiscrimination provisions of the mid-20th century. This study compared African American VR access before the antidiscrimination legislation in 1937 and after the legislation in 2004. Using Rehabilitation Services Administration Case Service Report data released in 2004, the study duplicated a 1938 study that examined African Americans' access to VR in 1937. It analyzed 441,153 cases from the 2004 report to determine: access, types of services rendered, relative expenditures, and VR intervention outcomes for White and for African American consumers. The study found widening gaps between White and African American consumers in education, employment, earnings, and in per capita VR expenditures for services rendered. The 2004 data indicated that a proportionately larger number of African American consumers were closed out as applicants or for "failure to cooperate" or "unable to locate." [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]

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