"Frankly, I don't have much hope," says [Derrick Jensen] in his two-volume Endgame: The Problem of Civilization. "Hope is what keeps us chained to the system." He says of the Great Mother, Jesus Christ, Santa Claus, technology: "none of these will save us." They all lead to inaction, ineffectiveness. It's time to stop waiting for intervention and take action ourselves, he says.The modern mystic, Thomas Merton, grew increasingly uncertain of the solutions to human problems. "But as I grow old in the monastic life and advance further into solitude, I become aware that I have only begun to seek the questions," he wrote. Merton moved further into the "desert area" of the human heart, an "arid, rocky dark land of the soul," full of spectres that people "studiously avoid except in their nightmares."