Dry AMD, the most common type, is characterized by a thinning of the macular pigment, microscopic scarring, and the presence of oxidized fats, such as lipofuscin or drusen. Considerable research has shown that people who eat few lutein-rich foods, such as kale, spinach, brussels sprouts, romaine lettuce and broccoli, have a substantially higher risk of developing AMD. In animal studies, extra lutein led to a lower incidence of breast cancer and smaller tumors.
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