3 Among the more traditional studies, we find some on the supposed origins of the profession of nursing between 1876 and 1914,4 and a socioscientific study of the evolution of nursing from 1890 to 1933 that charts changes in its dominant character from a Christian charity to the status of a profession.5 Recent scholarly works include a monograph by Susanne Kreutzer on the topic of nurses affiliated with the trade unions after World War II.6 Additionally, significant chapters on nursing are found in studies of the Red Cross,7 and of organizations serving the female workforce in the period before World War I.8 More recently, Heinrich Recken has identified three trends in historical nursing research since the 1970s: the examination of a profession that goes beyond a stereotyped history of heroes-starting with Hilde Steppe's research on responsibility and complicity of nurses during the Nazi period; the sociological research on professionalization; and the feminist-angled/oriented research that focuses on nursing as a female profession.9 Recken also looks at the different views of scholars from the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic (GDR) concerning the interpretation of German nursing history. Central and Eastern Europe; Education and Society; Society and Culture and its institutions in Stuttgart (the Robert Bosch Hospital, the Dr. Margarete Fischer-Bosch Institute for Clinical Pharmacology, and the Institute for the History of Medicine) are dedicated to promoting public health care, international understanding, social work, education, the arts and culture, the humanities, and the social and natural sciences.10 The Robert Bosch Foundation also occupies a central position in the development of nursing in Germany in general, as well as supporting research into the history of nursing.\n This research is based on the autobiographical accounts of a German nurse who, later in life, became the first nurse to be employed in a police department.
NURSING HISTORY IN GERMANY: PAST, PROJECTS, PAPERS, AND PROSPECTS Introduction Sylvelyn Hähner-Rombach Institute for the History of Medicine of the Robert Bosch Foundation. Christoph Schweikar
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