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The Big6

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					The Big6
Information Literacy
A Little History
• Developed by Mike Eisenberg and Bob

• Unified, reflective information seeking

• Aligns with AASL and NETS standards
What is The Big6?
• The Big6
     A six-step process from start to finish

• The Super3
     A simpler, three-step process for
     younger students
The Big6
Task Identification
• Define the problem
     What do I need to do?

• Identify the information
     What information do I need?
 Information Seeking Strategies
• Determine resources
     What can I use to find what I need?

• Select the best sources
Location and Access
• Locate sources
     Where can I find what I need?

• Find information within
  the sources
Use of Information
• Engage
     Read, hear, view, touch

• Extract relevant information
• Organize information
     What can I make to finish the job?

• Present information
• Judge the product
     Did I do a good job?

• Judge the process
    Role/Responsibility of Library Media
• Be thoroughly familiar with IL standards
• Participate in curriculum and school
  improvement plan
• Obtain support of the principal
• Inform and educate teachers about the steps of
  IL process
• Identify additional resources needed
• Display and promote collaborative projects
          Role/Responsibility of LMS
• Teach information literacy
• Integrate technology skills
  into information problem
  solving process
• Be a leader - join a
  committee that promotes
• Plan an active role in
  decisions, plans and
  technology policy
Information Power (1998)
     Role/Responsibility of Teacher
•   Equip students with skills they will need
•   Collaborate with LMS
•   Encourage students to move beyond textbook
•   Look beyond classroom for resources
•   Seek expertise of the LMS
•   Become familiar with variety of learning tools,
    print, electronic
   Role/Responsibility of Teacher
• Teach Big6 skills in
  the classroom
• Use technology to
  implement Big6
• Make time for
  advance planning
• Keep a positive
• Use PR skills to
  promote IL model
Role/Responsibility of Administrator
• Understand the complete program of LMC and
  its relationship to teaching and learning
• Evaluate the LMC contribution to learning and
  effectiveness of IL model
• Continue ongoing communication with LMS
    Wools (2004)

•   Support Information literacy
•   Provide PD on Information Literacy
•   Promote Big6 skills
•   Provide money for resources
•   Provide planning time for teachers and LMS
      Role/Responsibility of Support
• Assist teachers and LMS
• Assist students
• Be knowledgeable of IL
• Help promote IL models
• Support teachers and
• Evaluate information
  literacy models
• Evaluate print and non
  print resources
      Professional Development
      Activities Using The Big6
• Janet Murray created a wonderful resource chart that
  can be used during professional developments. The
  chart contains information about employing all six steps
  of the Big6 process, basic and advanced activities, and
  assessment rubrics. You could use this chart to explain
  the Super 3, as well. This is interactive and could be
  presented in a computer lab.
  It is really helpful.
    Professional Development
    Activities Using The Big6
• The Nuts and Bolts of the Big6
  – This site offers very practical and beneficial
    information regarding using the Big6. Each step is
    outlined and examples of assignments are offered.
    This site also offers the Big6 game. Each component
    of the game is downloadable and printable. It is
    available in Spanish, too! This would be a fun PD

  Using The Big6
  The Big6 Game
Professional Development
Activities Using The Big6
           Here is a fantastic learning project using
           the Big6. It could be used during a
           professional development or as a student
           lesson. This is a science based activity
           called, Change and Pattern in the Biological
           Sciences, but the real lessons at hand are
           using the Big6 and navigating the Web. It
           actually walks individuals through each
           step and sub-step of the Big6 process.
           Check it out!
      Lessons Using The Big6 for
         Elementary Students
•   Alphabetizing for a Reason
    – This lesson uses the Big6 process to teach students how and why we alphabetize
    words. There are activities for children in grades 1-6. The lesson activities help
    students understand how to alphabetize by first, second, third, and fourth letter.
    There are other activities that use everyday methods of alphabetical organization
    such as the phone book.

•   Big6 Web Pages from Squire Elementary in Lexington, KY
     – The presentation located at the URL below is kid friendly and packed full of
       information on how to use The Big6. Late primary would need assistance reading
       and navigating through the information, but intermediate students should be able
       to complete it on their own.

     Lessons Using The Big6 for
          Middle Students
Banana Splits –        This lesson actually allows students
to make this ice cream delight. Using all six steps, small
groups create their banana split, they then must use
chart paper to list each step of the Big6 process and how
they completed it. Higher level thinking comes into play
when students must consider if their classmates have
allergies to nuts, or whether or not they will make a
healthy banana split, for example. This lesson looks messy
(definitely hands-on), but lots of fun. One I am certain
students will remember.
     Lessons Using The Big6 for
       High School Students
• The link below provides many lessons for high school
  student implementing the Big6. The content covered
•  Victorian Era: KHS, American Camelot: KHS, American
  Literature: KHS, Epics & Epic Heroes, Charles Dickens: KHS,
  Contemporary Literature: KHS, Social Issues (BHS),
  Literary Biographies: KHS, Great American Trials: KHS,
• American Literature (BHS)
•   American Library Association. (1998) Information power: Building
         partnerships for learning. Chicago: American Library Association.

•   Information literacy. Retrieved July 24, 2006.

•   Information literacy for life long learning. Retrieved July 23, 2006.

•   Riedling, A. (2005). Reference skills for the school library media specialist:
          Tools and tips (2nd ed.). Worthington, OH: Linworth Publishing, Inc.

•   The Big6. Retrieved July 22, 2006.

•   The Super3. Retrieved July 22, 2006.

•   Wools, B. (2004). The school library media manager (3rd ed.). Westport, CT:
         Libraries Unlimited.
Resources, cont.
•   Janet’s Info.Com. (2005). Applying The Big6 Skills. Reytrieved on July 25,2006
•   Hyman, Linda Woods. (December 7, 1999). Nuts and Bolts of The Big6. Retrieved
          on July 25, 2006 from
•   Hyman, Linda Woods. (December 7, 1999). Nuts and Bolts of The Big6 Game.
          Retrieved on July 25, 2006 from

•   Joseph, Linda C. (1998). Change and Pattern in the Biological Sciences. Retrieved
          on July 25, 2006 from
•   Ballom, Lynn. (2002, February 11) Alphabetizing for a Reason. Retrieved on July
          25, 2006 from
•   Pollack, Lisa. (2006, March 2). Research Program Map. Retrieved on July 26,
          2006 from
•   Little, Tami J. (2001, November 29). Banana Splits, Big6 lesson. Retrieved on
          July 24, 2006 from
•   Fort Bend Independent School District. Links to Big6 Projects. Retrieved on July
          24, 2006 from