AP World History Study Guide - PDF

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					AP World History Study Guide                          Name _______________________
Ch 35 The Great War (WWI)            Score     / 45   Hour ___        February 27, 2006


People
Francis (Franz) Ferdinand ______________________________________________________________
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Gavrilo Princip _______________________________________________________________________
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Kaiser William II (Wilhelm II) __________________________________________________________
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T.E. Lawrence (“Lawrence of Arabia”) ____________________________________________________
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Mustafa Kemal “Ataturk” ______________________________________________________________
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Nicholas II __________________________________________________________________________
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Vladimir Lenin _______________________________________________________________________
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Bolsheviks __________________________________________________________________________
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Woodrow Wilson _____________________________________________________________________
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Vocabulary
autocrat _____________________________________________________________________________
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“No Man’s Land” ____________________________________________________________________
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stalemate ___________________________________________________________________________
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armistice ____________________________________________________________________________
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mandate ____________________________________________________________________________
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reparations __________________________________________________________________________
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collective security ____________________________________________________________________
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Ch 35 Study Guide                           2                             February 27, 2006


Self-determination ____________________________________________________________________
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Historical Events / Trends
“blank check” (not in text) ______________________________________________________________
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Dreadnoughts ________________________________________________________________________
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Schlieffen Plan _______________________________________________________________________
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New Weapons _______________________________________________________________________
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WWI Battles
 Marne ___________________________________________________________________________
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  Tannenberg _______________________________________________________________________
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  Gallipoli _________________________________________________________________________
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  Verdun ___________________________________________________________________________
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Lusitania ___________________________________________________________________________
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Easter Rebellion ______________________________________________________________________
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Treaty of Brest Litovsk ________________________________________________________________
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February Revolution __________________________________________________________________
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October Revolution ___________________________________________________________________
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“Peace, Land, and Bread” ______________________________________________________________
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Treaty of Versailles ___________________________________________________________________
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Ch 35 Study Guide                                   3                                  February 27, 2006


League of Nations ____________________________________________________________________
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Wilson’s Fourteen Points
  #1 _______________________________________________________________________________
  #2 _______________________________________________________________________________
  #3 _______________________________________________________________________________
  #4 _______________________________________________________________________________
  #5 _______________________________________________________________________________
  #14 ______________________________________________________________________________
Concepts
1. Discuss the factors that led to the outbreak of World War I. What role did the alliance system play in
   this process?
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2. What role did nationalism and imperialism play in the road to World War I? Would the goals that led
   to imperial expansion also lead to war? How might a philosophy like Social Darwinism make the
   situation worse?
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Ch 35 Study Guide                                         4                             February 27, 2006


                                               Pre-War Alliances
              Triple Alliance                                              Triple Entente
      Germany Austria-Hungary                  Italy            Britain (England) France          Russia
1873 The Three Emperors League (G-A-R)             1894 The Franco-Russian Alliance (F-R)
     Germany, A-H, and Russia agree to                  Russia would come to the aid of France if she
     maintain a peaceful status quo. Bismarck’s         were attacked by Germany. Likewise, France
     deeper motive was to isolate France by             would come to the aid of Russia if she were
     preventing a Franco-Russian accord. This           attacked by Germany.
     unstable agreement broke down in 1878
                                                        The alliance was, of course, secret but it became
     when Russia went to war against Turkey.
                                                        generally known in the following year.
1879 The Dual Alliance (G-A)                       1902 The Anglo-Japanese Alliance (B-J)
     This was Bismarck’s device to bind Austria         At this time Britain was not on friendly terms w/
     to Germany in case either was attacked by          Russia, France or Germany. Japan & Britain
     Russia. It was a purely defensive treaty.          found common interest in containing Russia.
     The treaty was secret (though it soon              This was a rather significant treaty for it
     became generally known and was revealed            demonstrated in a sense Britain’s departure
     by Bismarck in 1888) & remained perman-            from her long held policy of “splendid
     ent via automatic renewal after 1902.              isolation” from internat’l treaty entanglements.
1882 The Triple Alliance (G-A-I)                   1904 The Entente Cordiale (B-F)
     This is an extension of the 1879 Dual              This was not a formal alliance exacting fixed
     Alliance, adding Italy. The treaty was, as         obligations from each, but rather a “Friendly
     usual, secret. Italy eventually opted out of       Agreement” btwn two former enemies. Britain
     the alliance upon the outbreak of war in           and France resolved their outstanding differ-
     1914 on the grounds that Austria, by unilat-       ences in Africa and Asia. France allowed Britain
     erally acting against the Serbs, had violated      a free hand in Egypt, while Britain returned the
     the Triple Alliance’s letter & spirit.             favor to France in Morocco..
1887 The Reinsurance Treaty (G-R)                  1907 The Anglo-Russian Agreement (B-R)
     This was Bismarck’s attempt to reconcile           Russia and England resolved their mutual
     Russia w/ Germany after the breakdown of           distrust of each other in Central Asia. Conscious
     the Three Emperor’s League. It also pointed        of how powerful Germany was, Russia wanted a
     out Bismarck’s dilemma of remaining on             third “partner” if war w/ Germany ever came.
     good terms both w/ Austria & Russia at the         Likewise, England wanted as much assistance
     same time. By the terms of this secret treaty      as possible as Germany built an ever-more-
     (which fundamentally contradicted the Dual         powerful navy that could threaten England’s
     Alliance) Germany & Russia each agreed to          domination of the world’s oceans.
     maintain neutrality in the event the other
     found itself at war w/ a third great power,
      (provided that power was NOT Austria.)

      The Reinsurance Treaty was allowed to
      lapse by the German gov’t after Bismarck’s
      fall from power in 1890.
                                    Alliances After World War I Began
      Central Powers                                     Allied Powers (Allies)
      Germany                                  Bulgaria       Great Britain (England)           Italy (1915)
      Austria-Hungary                           Turkey        France                           Japan (1915)
                                                              Russia                    United States (1917)