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William+Job Crafting

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					       Hospital cleaning staff shows that cleaners
       experienced and constructed the meaning of
       their work very differently
       (Dutton, Debebe, & Wrzesniewski 2000)




 ..\..\Pin
k Glove
Dance.
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                                                   Job Crafting
                                                         William




Employees craft their job by changing cognitive,
task, and/or relational boundaries to shape
interactions and relationships with others at
work (Dutton 2001)
                              Model of Job Crafting
                                         Practices


Motivation     Moderating Variables       Practices      Specific Effects General Effects


                                      •Task Boundaries       Change
                     Opportunity
  Motivation                                                 the Job
                                                             design          Change the
     For
                                      •Cognitive Task
 Job Crafting                         Boundaries                               meaning
                      Different                                                of work
                    Orientations
                    toward work       •Relational          Change the
                                      Boundaries           Social
                                                           Environment
Moderating variables
    Perceived opportunity of job crafting
     -job features



    Motivational orientation
1.   Career focus
2.   Financial reward
3.   Life Fulfilments
Motivation


   Assert some control over their job

   Create positive image in their work/life

   Fulfil a basic human need for connection to
    others
Effect /The benefits


   Giving you greater enjoyment from what you
    do at work

   Helping you approach your work with more
    energy and enthusiasm

   Encouraging real personal development and
    improving skills
General Effect
   Change your life style and social level

   Personal meaning-making strategy

   Motivated to engage in additional job crafting
    to further shape the work meaning and work
    identity
Modern-day Taylorism
Approach?
Can the they handle it?


 Does it really work in different
 kinds of work field?
References
   Baumeister, R,F,. 1982. A self-presentational view of social phenomeana. Psychological Bulletin, 91:3-26
   Bellah, N, E. Madsen, R, Sullivan, W , M, Swidler, a, & Tipton, S. D. 1985. Habits of the heart: Individual
    and commitment in American life. New York and Row.
   Braverman, H. 1974. Labor and monopoly capital: The degradation of work in the twentieth century. New
    York: Monthly review Press
   Cohn, R, C., & Sutton, R. I, 1998. Clients as a source of enjoyment on the job: How hairstylists shape
    demeanour and personal disclosures. In J. A Wahner III (Ed). Advances in qualitative organization
    research: 1-32. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press
   Dutton,J. E., Debebe, G., & Wrzesniewski, A. 2000. A social valuing perspective on relationship
    sensemaking. Working paper. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

   Gergen, K. J. 1994. Realities and relationships: Sounding in social constructionist. Cambridge, Ma:
    Harvard University Press
   Schein, E. H 1971. Occupational socialization in the professions. The case of role innovation. Journal of
    Psychiatric Research, 8. 521-530


   Staw, B,M, Bell, N, E,. & Clausen, J.A 1986. The disposistional approach to job attitudes. Administrative
    Science Quarterly, 31.56-77.

    Roberson, L. 1990. Functions of work meanings in organizations. Work meaning s and work motivation.
    In A.P. Brief & W. R Nord (EDS). Meaning of occupational work: A collection of essays: 107-134.
    Lexington, MA: Lexington Books
   Wrzesniewki, A , McCauley, C, Rozin, P , & Schwartz, B 1997. Jobs, careers, and callings People’s
    relations to their work. Journal of Research in Personality. 31. 21- 33
Q&A

				
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