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TERRORISM AND TOURISM
TABLE OF CONTENT

 Why important
 What is terrorism

 Why target tourists

 Consequences
WHY IMPORTANT?

 Personal safety
 Tourism=under peaceful condition

 Vulnerable industry
WHAT IS TERRORISM?

 “Premeditated, politically motivated violence
 perpetrated against noncombatant targets by
 sub-national groups or clandestine agents,
 usually intended to influence an audience.”

                       U.S. department of State
WHY TOURISTS ARE TARGETS?

 Draw attention
 Easier to attack than locals

 Damage economy
CONSEQUENCES

 Downturn in tourism industry
 Huge economic loss

 Death and injuries

 Social problems
2005 BALI BOMBING
BALI

 Tourism generate 67% GDP
 Employs around half of Bali's population

 80% of Bali's households depend on tourism

 Attracts1.5 million foreign visitors a year
BACKGROUND INFORMATION

 “soft target”
 Damage other religion

 Suspect: Jemaah Islamiah(JI)

 Motivations unclear
     Undermine  government democracy
     Massive fuel price increases in Indonesia
CASUALTIES
           Bali bombings October 1, 2005
  Nationality           Deaths          Injured
 Indonesian        15              68
 Australian        4               19
 Japanese          1               -
 South Korean -                    8
 American          -               6
 Canadian          -               3
 British           -               1
 Unknown           -               20
 Total             20              129

                                 Xinhua, 2005
                  Number of tourist arrival in Bali
1800000


1600000


1400000


1200000


1000000


800000


600000


400000


200000


     0
          2002   2003     2004      2005      2006        2007     2008



                                                      Bali Tourism Board, 2008
SECURITY AFTER BOMBING

 Increase in whole country esp. tourist sites
 Vehicle checking

 More police in Bali

 Tighter security in hotels
BALI BEFORE BOMBING 2005
BALI AFTER BOMBING 2005
How could government/tourism
 board promote Bali’s image?
REFERENCES
Acharya, A. 2003. The Bali Bombings: Impact on Indonesia and Southeast Asia.[online]
    Available from: http://counterterrorismblog.org/ [Accessed May 17 2010]
BBC. Bali's long road to recovery. [online] Available from:
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/3168962.stm [Accessed May 17 2010]
Bali Discovery Tours. Bali: Beyond the Tragedy. [online] Available from:
    http://www.balidiscovery.com/ [Accessed May 17 2010]
Bali Tourism Board. Statistics of Tourist Arrival. [online] Available from:
    http://www.balitourismboard.org/stat_arrival.html [Accessed May 17 2010]
Ramya, B. CHANGING DYNAMICS OF TERRORISM AND ITS IMPACT ON TOURISM. [online]
    Available from: http://www.mmbgims.com/ [Accessed May 17 2010]
Reuters. Bali steps up security ahead of bombers' executions. [online] Available from:
    http://www.reuters.com/ [Accessed May 17 2010]
Why go Bali. Bali Security gets tightened again. [online] Available from:
    http://www.baliblog.com/ [Accessed May 17 2010]

				
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posted:5/21/2010
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