Docstoc

Alcohol

Document Sample
Alcohol Powered By Docstoc
					Alcohol
The Facts Served
  “Straight Up”
    Alcohol: The Facts Served “Straight Up” Objectives

   In this presentation participants will learn:
        The age group most likely to engage in heavy drinking and why.
        Guidelines for personal decisions to use or not to use alcohol.
        Personal risks involved with irresponsible use of alcohol.
        Factors that influence alcohol concentration and physical
         effects of various blood alcohol levels.
        Myths associated with alcohol
        Medical consequences of alcohol use
        Consequences of alcohol poisoning
        Guidelines for self protection with the use of alcohol.
        Binge drinking, consequences of alcohol poisoning, and what to
         do for a person suspected of having overdosed on alcohol.
        What to do if stopped by the police. Texas laws regarding
         DUI and underage drinking.
        Resources available for anyone who has or knows someone
         with an alcohol problem.
                        Definitions
   Alcoholism – a physical dependency on and a
    preoccupation with alcohol to the extent that this
    behavior interferes with normal personal family,
    social, or work life.
   Alcohol abuse – drinking too much or too often
    without physical cravings or withdrawal symptoms.
    (this behavior can lead to alcoholism)

   Alcohol poisoning – an over dosage on alcohol.
    (this is considered a medical emergency)

   Binge drinking – drinking too much, too fast.
        for men is considered five or more drinks in a row.
        for women is considered four or more drinks in a row.
               Definitions,         continued

   Blackouts – Alcohol in the brain may cause a
    person to have gaps in their memory of things that
    happened while drinking.
   Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) – Alcohol
    concentration in a person’s blood.
   Intoxication - The amount of alcohol consumed
    exceeds the individual's tolerance and produces
    behavioral or physical abnormalities.
   Tolerance – Over a period of time more alcohol is
    required to achieve the same effect. This is a sign that
    a person is becoming dependent on alcohol and may
    not realize how impaired they actually are.
 Drinking in Young Adults

 Research consistently shows
 that people tend to drink the
heaviest in their late teens and
    early to mid-twenties.
Reasons College students ages
18 to 25 are at a higher risk for
  problems involving alcohol.
   This is an age when young adults are moving
    out of their parent’s homes and into dorms or
    their own apartments.
   They are on their own for the first time
    and are free to make their own decisions.
   The roles of their parents weaken.
College students risk for problems
      involving alcohol,           continued




    Customs and traditions on some campuses
     encourage high-risk drinking patterns.
    Peer pressure to participate in drinking
     games is commonplace in social settings.
    Alcohol is often combined with sports betting
     and other forms of gambling.
    College students are a primary target for
     alcohol industry advertising and promotions
  Not all college students
     choose to drink.

However, some do and they
choose to drink moderately
    and responsibly.
    Here are some guidelines to help
    you make a decision for yourself:
   To drink or not to drink should be a conscious
    choice made before the occasion arises.
   Abstinence from alcohol is a safe and
    acceptable decision. It is ok not to drink.
   The use of alcohol can be risky and is not
    essential for enjoying social events.
   No one should feel pressured to drink or
    feel embarrassed because of a personal
    choice not to drink. Don’t allow yourself to
    fall prey to peer pressure.
        Guidelines to help you make a
         decision for yourself: continued
   If you choose to use alcohol, do so safely,
    legally, and responsibly.
       Set a limit for yourself before you start drinking.
       Space your drinks, alternate alcohol and
        nonalcoholic drinks
       Keep track of how much you’ve had.
       Never drink and drive or ride with someone
        who has been drinking
       Have a designated driver
  The decision to use or not
use alcohol is a personal one.

    However, there can be
  consequences of making
poor decisions about drinking.
         Possible Consequences
         of Drinking Irresponsibly:
   flunking courses
   unintended or unwanted sexual activity
   unwanted pregnancy
   getting an STD
   being involved in fights and accidents
   engaging in other risky behavior you might
    not have normally engaged in
   developing a long-term drinking problem
           Some Sobering Statistics:
   The average student spends about $900 on
    alcohol each year.
   159,000 of today’s first-year college students will drop
    out of school for alcohol or other drug related reasons.
   One night of heavy drinking can impair your ability to
    think abstractly for up to 30 days, limiting
       your reading comprehension,
       your ability to understand what your professor says
       your problem solving abilities
   70,000 students are victims of alcohol-related date
    rape or sexual assaults.
40% of all traffic fatalities are alcohol related.
        Could this be you someday?
    What Happens When You Drink?
   Alcohol enters the stomach and small intestine,
    where it is absorbed into the bloodstream.
   Once in the bloodstream, alcohol quickly
    travels to every organ in the body, including
    the brain.
   As you continue to drink, the amount of alcohol
    in your bloodstream continues to increase.
   The more alcohol the body absorbs, the higher
    the Blood Alcohol Concentration – and the
    drunker the person gets.
        Blood Alcohol Concentration –
          How does this affect you?
   .02% - Alcohol immediately slows the nervous
    system and reaction time is impaired to some
    extent. You become more relaxed
   .04% - Reaction time continues to slow.
    A “buzz” develops. Relaxation deepens.
   .055% - .06% - Effects of alcohol change. Good
    feelings get less positive and negative feelings
    more negative. The negative effects will continue
    as long as you continue to drink. Brain’s ability to
    process information and make judgments is
    greatly impaired.
    BAC - How it affect you ?                      Continued




   .08% - Legally Drunk. Decrease in Motor
    coordination. May feel nauseous and throw up.
    This can occur in some people with just one or two drinks.
   .10% - A clear breakdown in judgment and
    motor coordination, visibly sloppy.
   .15% -.25% - High risk of blackouts and injuries.
   .25% -.35% - Can pass out. Risk of death.
   .40% -.45% - Lethal dose for most.
What Is A Standard Drink?
Factors that may influence alcohol
      concentration levels:
 Gender – body compositions differ
 Body weight
   Alcohol content in drinks
   How much you drink
   Food intake
   Age
   Mood
    Myths Associated With Alcohol:
   Alcohol is a sexual stimulant
       Alcohol actually decreases your ability to function sexually
       You may be less inhibited, but are less likely to be able tp follow through

   One or two drinks has no noticeable effect
    on a person’s behavior and/or judgment
       Behavior and judgment changes with the first drink
       Some people are legally drunk with just one or two drinks
   You can sober someone up faster with
    food or coffee
       It takes the liver one hour to burn off about .016 of your
        blood alcohol level.
       As a rule it will take a 150lb male one hour to metabolize
        one glass of wine, one shot of liquor, or one bottle of beer
   Beer doesn’t contain as much alcohol
    as hard liquor
       A 12 ounce bottle of beer has the same alcohol content as a
        standard shot of 80-proof liquor or a 5 ounce glass of wine.
 Health problems associated with
    long term use of alcohol:
 Alcoholism (addiction to alcohol)
 Cancers
       Esophagus, mouth, throat, larynx (voice box).
       Increase risk of colon and rectal cancer
   Heart damage
       Cardiomyopathy (disease of the heart muscle)
       High blood pressure
       High triglycerides leading to heart attack or stroke.
   Liver damage
       Cirrhosis
       Hepatitis
   Stomach
       Chronic irritation of the stomach lining and bleeding ulcers
       pancreatitis
     How to control the situation:
Protect yourself if you choose to drink:
   Limit the amount you drink, sip drinks slowly and
    space them out over time
   A heavy meal or dairy products before and while
    drinking may help slow the alcohol absorption
   Avoid salty foods that make you more thirsty such
    as salted peanuts or popcorn
   Drink diluted drinks rather than “straight shots”
   Avoid carbonated mixers or sparkling wines as they
    speed the alcohol into your bloodstream
   Avoid “spiked” punch and other drinks with
    unknown amounts of alcohol
  Binge Drinking
             Drinking too much alcohol too fast



Can result in the brain’s control center
closing down, at which point you can
      black out, slip into a coma,
       Stop breathing, and die.
              Binge Drinking
 Is all too often a common pattern of excessive
  alcohol use at parties fueled by peer pressure.
 Many times occurs in the form of drinking contests,
  dares, bets, or guzzling beer.
 In a recent U. S. college survey, nearly 50% of binge
  drinkers reported doing something they regretted
  while drunk.
 Binge drinkers are more likely to drive drunk or ride
  with a driver who has been drinking.
 Every year about 600,000 students between 18 and
  24 are assaulted by someone who has been drinking.
 The proportion of current drinkers that binge is
  highest in the 18 to 20 year old groups (52.1%).
Binge drinking is associated with many
      health problems including:
   Unintentional injuries (e.g. car crash, falls, burns, drowning)
   Intentional injuries (e.g. firearm injuries, sexual assault, domestic violence)
   Alcohol poisoning and death
   Sexually transmitted diseases
   Unintended pregnancy
   Children born with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
        one of the leading known preventable causes of mental retardation and birth defects, such
         as mental and physical disabilities, abnormal facial features, growth deficiencies, vision,
         hearing and learning disabilities.

   High blood pressure, stroke, and other
    cardiovascular diseases
   Liver disease, Neurological damage, Poor
    control of diabetes
   Sexual dysfunction
               Alcohol Poisoning
   This is a Medical Emergency       –     Call 911
    If alcohol poisoning is not treated, a person may
    become comatose, suffer brain damage and die!
   Alcohol poisoning is when someone overdoses on
    alcohol.
   Alcohol depresses nerves that control breathing and
    the gag reflex. This may cause one or both of the
    following:
       pass out, stop breathing and die.
       pass out, choke on their own vomit and die
   Even after a person passes out their alcohol level
    keeps rising.
       The alcohol in the stomach and intestines continues to enter
        the bloodstream and circulate through the body.
       It is dangerous to assume the person will just sleep it off.
      Signs of Alcohol Poisoning

   Mental confusion, unable to wake them
   Vomiting while asleep
   Seizures
   Slow breathing (fewer than eight breaths per minute)
   Irregular breathing (10 seconds or more between breaths)
   Hypothermia (low body temperature), bluish skin color
    and cold to the touch
  If you suspect someone has
        alcohol poisoning
 Call    911
 Keep  the person warm and turn them on
 their side to prevent them from choking on
 vomit.
 Don’tworry about the drinker being mad or
 embarrassed because you sought medical
 help. Be safe – not sorry.
  Texas Law and The Legal Limit

A blood alcohol level of .08 is the legal
 limit for driving in the state of Texas.
     However, drivers can be stopped and cited
      for impaired driving due to alcohol or other
      drugs regardless of BAC.
     Texas has a zero tolerance law.
     For anyone under 21, it is illegal to drive
      with any detectable amount of alcohol.
                  Texas Laws:
    What Happens If You are Stopped


   If a law enforcement officer asks you to take a
    blood or breath test to measure how much
    alcohol is in your system, you should comply.
   If you refuse, you are subject to an automatic
    180-day driver’s license suspension.
   Punishment for DWI varies depending on the
    number of times you've been convicted.
                         Texas Laws:
   First Offense:
       up to a $2,000 fine
       72 hours to 180 days in jail
       driver’s license suspension:
        90 days to 1 year
   Second Offense:
       up to a $4,000 fine
       30 days to 1 year in jail
       driver’s license suspension:
        180 days to 2 years
   Third Offense:
       up to a $10,000 fine
       2 to 10 years in penitentiary
       driver’s license suspension:
        180 days to 2 years
“So i got arrested for
drinking and driving so
now i have 5 misd. and
1 class 6 felony it f+cking
sucks i almost killed two of
my friends and myself and
the truck i ran in to......if
wouldn't have been there i
could've killed some little
6 year old a 6 year old kid.
The point of this is think
befor you act it could
mean the differance of life
and death....sober or not
always think of what could
happen this happend on
7/28/06 in tucson arizona”
-Anthony
Texas Laws and Underage Drinking
   If you’re under 21, the first time you are found
    in possession of alcohol can result in the following
    consequences: Any amount of beer, wine or liquor will trigger the penalties.
        30-day driver’s license suspension
        up to a $500 fine
        8 to 12 hours of community service
        mandatory attendance in alcohol-awareness classes
        A second or third offense can lead to suspension of
         your driver’s license for 90 to 180 days.
        If you’re 17 or older, you also can be fined as much
         as $2,000 and go to jail for up to 180 days for a third
         offense.
 Four of my friends were going to a party, They pulled off the road
because they saw someone swerving. The drunk driver crossed two
lanes of traffic and slammed into their neon going 75mph.

One of my friends died, the other one cannot walk, another has a
broken arm and blood clots in her chest and the other has serious
head injuries. The drunk driver fled on foot and had no serious
injuries, he is now being charged with murder.
Texas Laws and Underage Drinking cont.
   If you are under 21, here’s what happens the
    first time you are stopped for drinking and
    driving:
       60-day driver’s license suspension
       up to a $500 fine
       20 to 40 hours of community service
       mandatory attendance in alcohol-awareness classes
       Get caught drinking and driving a second or third
        time, and the penalties increase, including
        suspension of your driver’s license for up to 180 days.
 On the early morning of
Sunday, February 5, 2006
around 12:15 AM, a drunk
driver with a BAC of .227
decided to leave the roadway
and go through the side of
a friends house. The car
managed to snake its way
through telephone poles,
trees, etc and go through a
double wide glass door,
through the kitchen wall,
and, well, just check out the
pictures. No one was hurt
badly, the drunk was taken to
jail. Don't drink and drive, its
stupid, and as the driver told
the owner of the house, he
was really sorry and he was
also really screwed.
He summed it all up.
Texas Laws and Underage Drinking cont.

 Ifyou’re 17 and over, and stopped for
  drinking and driving with a blood
  alcohol concentration of .08 or greater.
 Some people, particularly teenagers, can reach
  a .08 BAC with two or three beers in an hour.
      up to a $2,000 fine
      72 hours to 180 days in jail
      driver’s license suspension of 90 days
       to one year
A Sixteen year old drinking at a party killed two girls.
       He lived and was sentenced to prison
Acknowledgements: Information for
this presentation was obtained from

   American College Health Association
   College Drinking Prevention
   ETR Associates
   Health Promotion Resources
   Journeyworks Publishing
   Texas Department of Transportation
   U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
    If you or someone you know
     has a problem with alcohol,
           help is available
 AA WWW.alcoholics-anonymous.org
 Al-Anon WWW.al-anon.alateen.org
 National Drug Abuse Hotline 1-800-662-4357
 National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and
  Alcoholism (NIAA) WWW.niaa.nih.gov
 Student Health Center 1-409-880-8466

				
DOCUMENT INFO