Sustainable Development and the Sufficiency Economy Role of

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					  Sustainable Development
and the Sufficiency Economy:
Role of Science and Technology


       Dr. Monthip Sriratana Tabucanon
                Director General
         Pollution Control Department
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment,
                    Thailand
Sustainable              Sufficiency           Science and
Development              Economy               Technology

              SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & THE SUFFICIENCY ECONOMY
     Sustainable Development (SD)
“Sustainable development is development that
  meets the needs of the present without
  compromising the ability of future generations
  to meet their own needs.”

-World Commission on Environment and
 Development Report, 1987


           SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & THE SUFFICIENCY ECONOMY
             SD as an Approach

SD is an approach – it is not a discipline. Indeed,
 SD covers multiplicity of disciplines.

SD is not one sector – it cuts across sectors,
 namely Economic, Environmental and
 Social/Cultural


            SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & THE SUFFICIENCY ECONOMY
          SD in a Holistic View
SD views development in a holistic perspective
 integrating natural and social sciences,
 technology, planning, management and allied
 fields

Hence, the role of Science and Technology
 (S&T) is essential in Education for Sustainable
 Development (ESD)

           SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & THE SUFFICIENCY ECONOMY
        S&T in Formal Education

• S&T subjects should use examples and
  demonstrations using SD to illustrate theories.
  This applies to all levels of the formal
  education sector – primary, secondary and
  tertiary




            SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & THE SUFFICIENCY ECONOMY
    S&T in Non - Formal Education
• The Non-formal Education institutions should
  rely on S&T to impress upon society the
  importance of SD. Impartation of SD issues
  can be more convincing if the language of
  science and the mechanics of technology are
  used.




           SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & THE SUFFICIENCY ECONOMY
             Research in S&T
• Traditional knowledge is insufficient to
  advance the SD concept. Institutions of higher
  education, as well as dedicated research
  institutions, must invest in new research which
  put SD as the core paradigm. This applies to
  all disciplines of science, engineering and
  allied fields (planning and management)


           SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & THE SUFFICIENCY ECONOMY
The Sufficiency Economy
   Philosophy (SEP)
      • His Majesty, the King of Thailand
        developed and introduced SEP in
        all Royal Projects in Thailand
        (Since 1974)
      • SEP is a tool for achieving SD,
        especially in poor rural areas.




 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & THE SUFFICIENCY ECONOMY
       New Theory and the SEP




• SEP approaches SD utilizing systems approach,
  scientific thinking and appropriate technology
• Applies the concept of “Living in balance with
  nature”

            SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & THE SUFFICIENCY ECONOMY
Sufficiency Economy Philosophy


            Middle Path



             Moderation

     Reasonable
                   Resiliency
     ness




     Knowledge     Morality




            Balance
            Security
          Sustainability

  SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & THE SUFFICIENCY ECONOMY
                   Procedure of the New Theory
1st phase: Implementation / Production

 Advising/                                      Getting
                        Implementing
 Experimenting                                  results
                                                           Support
2nd phase: Expansion / Marketing                           from
                                                           outside

 Better living                                   Joining
                       Production / Marketing
 conditions                                      forces

                                                           Support
3rd phase: Advancement / Processing /                      from
Adding Value                                               outside

 Cooperation/          Quality of life     Sustainable
 Capital                                                    Support
                                           development
                                                            from
                                                            outside
                    SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & THE SUFFICIENCY ECONOMY
                 Benefits of the New Theory
                  Steady and higher income



                                             Farmers and
Agriculture in                               their children        Better
                  Advice, consultations:     have better
accordance                                                         education
                  Farmer-farmer              education
with              Offical- farmer
the New Theory                               opportunities

                                             Knowledge and
                                             learning on the job
                  Monitoring of news
                  and information on
                  farming practices


                 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & THE SUFFICIENCY ECONOMY
      Farm Families and Communities Kept Intact
                     and Content
Job available the
                                    Work in the locality
whole year round



Diverse activities,                 Family members joining activities,
perennial trees,                    spending more time together,
fruit, vegetables,                  taking good care of children and
livestock                           the elderly



More frequent harvests              Steady and higher income


                  SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & THE SUFFICIENCY ECONOMY
                       Strengthened Community
                      Members of      Working force is available for community work
                      working age     and other communal work in the rice fields and
                      are kept in     plantations
                      the locality

                                       Steady incomes
                      Different        Higher incomes                 Strengthened
                      harvest                                         community
Diverse activities,                    Equitable
perennial trees,      times            distribution
fruit trees,                           of income
vegetables,           Increased
livestock                                                   Organizing as groups
                      and
                      diverse          Sufficient           Or cooperatives for
                      production       food                 production, marketing,
                                                            welfare

                      Resources in
                      the rice fields          Dependence on outside sources
                      are better               is reduced
                      utilized in turn
                      SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & THE SUFFICIENCY ECONOMY
        Sustainable Development and Environment
                 The economy is improved,
                 with self-sufficiency
                 and effective use of
                 resources


Agriculture in                                 Strengthened
accordance        Sustainable development      society
with the New                                   Good participation
Theory                                         unity




                     The environment


                 SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & THE SUFFICIENCY ECONOMY
                             Learn Wisely Strategies
                              3.Using Knowledge Wisely
                              -Selecting, adapting, and integrating
                               the knowledge in line with problems
                              and needs based on benefits to the
                              discipline, society, and environment
2.Seeking Knowledge
   with Morality                                                      4.Keeping Abreast of
- Learning from                                                       Changes
  others ideas                                                        -Reviewing the
- Learning through                                                    available information
  contemplation                                                       -Inspecting one’s
- Learning through                         Learner                    knowledge by oneself
  practices, with                                                      and by outside review
  responsibility towards                                              -Improving and
  lives, society,                                                     developing constantly
  and the environment
                              1.Determination with Faith
                               - Interest, awareness, appreciation
                              - Setting the goal of learning

                           SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & THE SUFFICIENCY ECONOMY
              Analysis of the Process of the Education Philosophy
                       of His Majesty the King Rama IX
People              His Majesty the King           His Majesty plans
face                systematically                 for the solving of
problems            collects information           problems

                         If                         H.M. decides on
                         Problems                   the experiments
                         occur                      for the plans


                       H.M.                         -H.M. advises on the
                       investigates                  pilot project
                                                    -H.M. informs
                                                     supervising agencies

                        No more
                        problems                   H.M. disseminates results of
                                                   experiments to related
H.M.                                               agencies
Achieves             H.M. follows up
the solving          Closely and                  The project is
of people’s          reevaluates the              proposed as a
                      SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & THE SUFFICIENCY ECONOMY
                     operation
problem                                           royally initiated project
      Thank you




SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT & THE SUFFICIENCY ECONOMY