Environmental Assessment in Germany Environmental Assessment in by oca19154

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									                                        Bayerisches Staatsministerium für
                                                 Umwelt und Gesundheit




Environmental Assessment in Germany

  Environmental Assessment in Federations:
   Current Dynamics and Emerging Issues
          September 13 -15, 2009
             Ottawa, Canada


                       Dr. Matthias Weigand
                 Head of Unit „Cross Sectoral Law“
      Bavarian State Ministry of Environment and Public Health
                                        Bayerisches Staatsministerium für
                                                 Umwelt und Gesundheit



             Federalism in Germany

                       „Bundesrat“
                   Federal Council with
               representativs of each region

    federal loyality                    but own legislative
                                              competence

                        „Bundestag“
                         Parliament


15-09-2009                Dr. Weigand                              Folie: 2
                                         Bayerisches Staatsministerium für
                                                  Umwelt und Gesundheit


                  The 3-level system

1.       European Union                           Legislation



2. Federal Republic of Germany                 Transformation




3.       Region: Bavaria                          Enforcement
     15-09-2009            Dr. Weigand                              Folie: 3
                                               Bayerisches Staatsministerium für
                                                        Umwelt und Gesundheit


          Double federalism in Europe

                           European Union
Now:
                     The higher level of federalism
                       overrules the lower level

                          Federal Republic of
                              Germany

Before:             Consequence: regions wither away

                           Region: Bavaria
       15-09-2009                Dr. Weigand                              Folie: 4
                                     Bayerisches Staatsministerium für
                                              Umwelt und Gesundheit



        European environmental law
     EU-wide instrument for permitting procedures

      1985:                                       2001:
       EIA                                       SEA
 Environmental impact                    Strategic environmental
     assessment                                assessment
 (UVP-RL 85/337/EWG;                     (SUP-RL 2001/42/EG)
UVP-ÄnderungRL 97/11/EG)


  15-09-2009           Dr. Weigand                              Folie: 5
                                           Bayerisches Staatsministerium für
                                                    Umwelt und Gesundheit


   Reform of federalism in Germany
                  01-09-2006: Reform of federalism
                            Target:
More competence for the federal level in order to adjust
better to european requirements
But: Regions have the right to enact laws at variance
     for example: EIA-limits now determined in federal law
                  (RGU), but regions have the right to enact
                  laws that differ from federal limits

     15-09-2009              Dr. Weigand                              Folie: 6
                                    Bayerisches Staatsministerium für
                                             Umwelt und Gesundheit



             Enforcement problems
       Global problem: economic downturn
               Problem of state-level:
         lack of resources (personal/ financial)


                   Solution:
                 Better legislation
                Regulatory innovation
               New instruments ( EMAS)
15-09-2009            Dr. Weigand                              Folie: 7
                                    Bayerisches Staatsministerium für
                                             Umwelt und Gesundheit



 Necessity to break new ground (1)

command and control                       bureaucracy


intellegent system of implementation and
   enforcement of (environmental) laws
    Cooperation instead of confrontation
   Self-responsibility/ voluntary agreements
  Environmental managment-systems (EMAS)

 15-09-2009           Dr. Weigand                              Folie: 8
                                         Bayerisches Staatsministerium für
                                                  Umwelt und Gesundheit



Necessity to break new ground (2)
       regional (third) level - subsidiarity



               intelligent administration
                   win-win-win situation

  environment – citizen/business - government


  15-09-2009               Dr. Weigand                              Folie: 9

								
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