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Motivation for E-learning

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					Motivation for E-learning
       Motivation for e-Learning


eLearning, mLearning, online learning, web learning…

            Weblog, webquest, ePortfolio, …




                     WHY?
                  Globalization

   Contribution of communication technology
     An inter-networked world, which allow massive
      transmission of text, sound and images across
      physical boundaries
     The advent of a border-less world as distance and
      time are no longer an issue
     The cross-influence of cultures and lifestyles all
      over the world
          Globalization - Results

   Information revolution: Information becomes
    cheaply available and easily disseminated
    (provided that digital divide is not a problem)
   The rapid transmission of information – text,
    sound, images – makes the knowledge
    economy a global one from the start
      Knowledge-based Economy
   The world is witnessing a major transition towards a
    knowledge-based economy
      Traditional economy: Possession of physical and
       financial assets confer on their owners a
       competitive advantage
      Knowledge-based economy: Ability to apply and
       create new knowledge is the key factor for success
        • Intellectual capital becomes the key for ones to
            gain and retain a competitive edge
        •   Intellectual capital is “grown” through education
            and this necessitates changes to the education
            system
Global 20 Top World Companies
  (from Business Week Magazine, July 2004)

                                     Traditional



                                     Knowledge-base
                                     (partial)



                                     Knowledge-base
Shifting Paradigms in Education
Old paradigm                                   New paradigm
• Knowledge is presented objectively to        • Knowledge is constructed by individual
  students.                                      according to his or her context, but
                                                 involving others.
• Students study at an educational             • Students study wherever it is most
  institution, isolated from the wider           convenient: home, work, or in the
  community.                                     community.
• The education process is timetabled by an    • Learning is accomplished at a time and a
  institution and controlled by a teacher.       place that is convenient to the learner.

• Students are largely dependent on their      • Students are independent and enjoy
  institution to guide them through their        greater choice when they study.
  study.
• Face-to-face teacher/student interaction     • Technologically mediated forms of
  predominates.                                  communication predominate.

• Learners and educators are print oriented.   • Learners and educators are multimedia
                                                 literate.
• Learning in isolation                        •Learning occurs with others
    What Changes e-Learning will
           Bring Forth?
   Exam-based assessment       Performance based
   Classroom                   Anytime, Anywhere
   Paper                       Online
   Physical training site      Network environment
   Time frame                  Real time
    (year, month, day)           (hour, minute, second)
Potential Benefits of e-Learning
   Low delivery cost: Less instructors, less traveling,
    less classroom , less… (but higher initial setup cost)
   Fast content updates on Internet
   Scalability: Allows large number of users
   Flexibility: round-the-clock learning
   Community building: Virtual learning community
   Online feedback: shorten turn-around time
Ten Ways Online Education Matches, or
   Surpasses Face-to-Face Learning




                    Summary in next slide…..
      Ten Ways Online Education Matches, or
         Surpasses Face-to-Face Learning
   Kassop (2003) lists 10 ways in which he believes that online
    education excels:
     1. Student-centered learning
     2. Writing intensity
     3. Highly interactive discussions
     4. Geared to lifelong learning
     5. Enriched course materials
     6. On-demand interaction and support services
     7. Immediate feedback
     8. Flexibility
     9. An intimate community of learners
     10. Faculty development and rejuvenation
Kassop, M. (2003). Ten Ways Online Education Matches, or Surpasses, Face-to-Face
   Learning The Technology Source, May/June. Retrieved 30 September 2003 from
   http://ts.mivu.org/default.asp?show=article&id=1059