Water Quality Management in Rivers

Document Sample
Water Quality Management in Rivers Powered By Docstoc
					                                                                                          On-the-job training in the field

e                                                                                                                                                        e

                            There is an urgent need to upgrade and intensify facilities
                            and activities related to water quality analysis. Verbund-
                                                                                             A plan is developed for the operation and maintenance
                                                                                             of the water quality monitoring network, and to provide
                                                                                             guidance for accreditation of analytical laboratories.
                                                                                                                                                         Water Quality Management in Rivers
                            plan has built a new central reference laboratory and has        Technology transfer is foreseen in all aspects of the
                            upgraded an existing laboratory. These are equipped with         project, including relating to catchment area, the river
                            state-of-the-art instrumentation geared to handle a              environment, water quality, and water quantity mana-
                            wide range of environmental samples.                             gement, flood control and improvement of the river
                            Support facilities include mobile labs, motor vehicles,
                            automatic sampling units and industrial flow-metering
                                                                                             Model waste-water treatment plants
                            systems, the latter for the control of effluent discharges.
                                                                                             Pilot domestic and industrial waste-water treatment
                            River management information system                              plants are installed for research and development pur-
                             The need to meet broad policy objectives means that
                             the Brantas river basin management organisation
Laboratory training         (PJT-1) must coordinate and integrate a large amount of
                            information in reaching practical decisions. This is achie-
                            ved through the implementation of a Decision Support
                                                                                                                                                                       Water Quality
                            System (DSS).                                                                                                                            Management &
                                                                                                                                                                    Pollution Control
                            A DSS is a form of artificial intelligence in which com-                                                                                in Brantas River,
                            puters are used not only to predict what is likely to hap-                                                                                      East Java
                            pen given various assumptions, but also to supplement
                            management experience in decision-making.

                            Development of management and operational

                            On-the-job training, intensive short courses, diploma
                                                                                             Plant-based systems for treatment of domestic waste-water
                            courses and other forms of training - both local and
                            overseas – is implemented at all levels.

                                                                                            Verbundplan GmbH
                                                                                            Parkring 12, A-1010 Vienna, Austria
                                                                                            Phone: +43 1 536 05-0
                                                                                            Telefax: +43 1 536 05-54748
                                                                                            e-mail: vpl@verbundplan.at

                                                                                            Production and graphics Power Agency, Wipplingerstraße 32,
                                                                                            A-1010 Vienna, Phone: (+43-1) 533 13 50, Telefax: ext. 85
Nearly 14 million people                                                                    Layout by Gabriele Roseneker
depend on the Brantas
River to meet their basic                                                                   Photographs by Verbundplan
needs.                                                                                      Printed by Raser GmbH, A-1100 Vienna

                                                                                        High sediment load from                                                                   Eutrophication consequences:
                                                                                        catchment erosion                                                                       river clogged with water plants

e                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 e
                            River basin management needs
                            in Indonesia
                            Water is a valuable resource in tropical monsoon Asia,      The major challenge facing the Indonesian Government       Verbundplan GmbH, from Austria, has been consulted             stations. The data management system will bring state-
                            where increasing population pressures, rapid industriali-   today is to improve the water quality of its rivers to     for integration of the existing off-line water quality         of-the-art network and information technology intelli-
                            sation, urbanisation and seasonal variations in rainfall    meet the demands from different users and to improve       monitoring network into the prospective, real-time             gence to East Java.
                                            place special demands on water mana-        the capacity of water supply for households, industry,     system. This involves the collection, transmission and
                                            gement.                                     agriculture, energy, recreation and other uses.            processing of data, as well as the implementation of a         Project implementati-
                                                                                                                                                   Decision Support System.                                       on is giving priority to
                                            The Brantas River, the longest in East      Indonesian Government policy for                                                                                          technology transfer
                                            Java, provides daily drinking, washing      water resources management                                 Project implementation                                         and training of local
                                            and bathing water for nearly 14 million                                                                                                                               personnel at all levels.
                                            people. More than 10,000 industries are     To meet this challenge the Government of Indonesia         In a five-year project which began in March 1999, Ver-         There are 23 real-time
                                            located in the catchment, and East          emphasises an integrated approach to water resources       bundplan is working in close cooperation with the Indo-        monitoring stations
                                            Java’s intensive agriculture accounts for   management based on river basins.                          nesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Perum Jasa Tirta          installed at strategic
                                            more than 70% of water demand.                                                                         (PJT-1) and other responsible agencies.                        points along the river
                                                                                        Optimisation of the utilisation of water resources is                                                                     for measurement of
                                            Erosion and sedimentation – caused by       given a high priority within the policy framework          The Verbundplan has undertaken to design, construct,           seven key water qua-
                                            deforestation and agricultural expansion    established by the Second Long Term Development Plan       install and commission:                                        lity parameters. This
                                            – and industrial and urban pollution is     (1994 –2019) and the Five-Yearly Development Plans.        s An integrated water quality management system                will fulfill monitoring
                                            causing a rapid deterioration of the        The intention is to meet the conflicting demands           s Extended water quantity management facilities                objectives, including
Industrial effluents will   water quality in the Brantas, aggravating serious seaso-    through managing the available water resources using       s A comprehensive data management system                       those relating to
be monitored.
                            nal water shortages.                                        state-of-the-art technology and appropriate tools.         s Pilot waste-water treatment plants                           baseline data, regula-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  tion and guideline de-                                    Real-time data from
                                                                                                     This is achieved through the establishment    The integrated water quality management system con-            velopment, and law enforcement. The Master Station        on-line monitoring
                                                                                                     of efficient management systems for           sists of on-line water quality monitoring stations, addi-      located at Malang will consist of a data processing
                                                                                                     improvement of water quality, and for         tional and upgraded water analysis laboratories, mobile        system, a central database, and a telecommunication
                                                                                                     water quantity allocations between the dif-   laboratories and supporting infrastructure.                    network to integrate stations, laboratories, Master and
                  Brantas River Basin
                                                                                                     ferent users.                                                                                                Submaster stations. A Submaster station at Mojokerto
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            The on-line network will
                                                                                                                                                   Water quantity management activities will extend the           will consist of data processing systems and network       monitor the causes of
                                                                                                     The Government intends to strengthen          existing flood forecasting and warning system (FFWS)           interfaces for data analysis.                             eutrophication.
                                                                                                     water resources infrastructure and institu-   through additional water level and rainfall-measuring
                                                                                                     tions, optimise water use while protecting
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Extension of the existing water quantity monito-
                                                                                                     the environment, and enhance the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ring network
                                                                                                     existing systems for water quality monito-    Drinking water protection:
                                                                                                     ring and flood forecasting. The policy aims   monitoring will be done at
                                                                                                                                                   water supply intakes.                                          Additional water level and rainfall monitoring stations
                                                                                                     to be comprehensive, integrated and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  will provide catchment-wide coverage. The collected
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  data are transmitted in a unified format to the Master
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Station, using standard transmission protocols.
                                                                                                     The Brantas River Water Qua-
                                                                                                     lity Management and Polluti-                                                                                 On-line information system
                                                                                                     on Control Project
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The on-line information system includes:
                                                                                                     The Government of Indonesia with assi-                                                                       s  Automated data transmission through a telecom-
                                                                                                     stance from Austria intends to improve                                                                          munication network
                                                                                                     Brantas River water quality by installing                                                                    s Plausibility check of the incoming data
                                                                                                     on-line water quality monitoring stations                                                                    s Centralised data storage and analyses based on
                              Main river                                                             and extending the existing flood foreca-                                                                        Internet technology
                                                                                                     sting and warning system.

                              Administrative division

 2                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     3