The Relationship between Achievement, Motivation, and Psychological Contracts by ProQuest


Rapid changes of working environments have resulted in changes to employment relations and psychological contracts, a special form of contracts, have been gaining attention. This study investigated government, and examined the personal characteristics that affect psychological contracts. In other words, it explored whether the psychological needs to approach success (achievement motivation) are affected by psychological contracts. It sampled administrative personnel in government because they play an important role. The classifications of Work Motivation Measurement, as defined by Helmreich and Spence (1979), i.e. mastery of needs, work orientation, and competitiveness are used as measurement tools to assess achievement motivation. Meanwhile, this study adopted the psychological contract measurement, as proposed by Raja, Johns, and Ntalianis (2004), to measure the realization of psychological contracts by employees. The results showed that only competition has no significant influence on psychological contracts. Mastery of needs and work orientation both have significant influence on psychological contracts. Lastly, suggestions were proposed based on the results. [PUBLICATION ABSTRACT]

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