Lean, Clean, & Green Would you like some free help to
make your home or building
Lean: Prune your shrubs and cut back
tree branches, especially within 15 feed of
your chimney. You also want to cut back
limbs that stretch over part or all of your
We can come talk to your church, civic, or
neighborhood group. We can send
Clean: Remove all dead plant material, information, answer questions, and help
including dead limbs, sticks, twigs, leaves, you and your neighbors become
dry grass, and even stacked firewood
from your 30 foot defensible space.
Remember, if you do not have any fuel
right around your home, a wildland fire
Contact by phone, email or fax:
cannot spread from the woods to your
Green: Plant fire-resistant vegetation Coordinator
that is healthy and green for most of the Arkansas Forestry Commission
3821 W. Roosevelt Rd. Little Rock AR 72204
year. Then make sure you keep it
Telephone: 501-296-1940 Fax: 501-296-1949
adequately watered. (We can give you a
list of fire-safe plants.) firstname.lastname@example.org
Fire resistant attachments
The Arkansas Forestry Commission offers its programs to all
eligible persons regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, age,
Attachments are any structures that are or disability; and is an Equal Opportunity Employer.
connected to your home or building.
Attachments include porches, decks, out
buildings, garages, carports, or fences. If
the attachment is not fire-resistant, then
the whole home or building is not
. Remember that double pane
glass should be used in out buildings.
Porches and decks need to be enclosed at
the bottom so nothing burning can get
What is In a perfect world… Defensible space
is a plan to help protect In a perfect world, we would all design our homes With landscaping, you can
homes and buildings from wildland fire and buildings using the proven con- create defensible space around your
(forest, grass, and brush fires). cepts. home. Keep in mind that the main objec-
tive is to create an environment where
Wildland fires are going to happen, and For instance, if you are building a home, you your home can survive a wildfire without
unfortunately, there is no way to com- should use heat and flame resistant materials such the intervention of firefighters. The Mal-
pletely stop them. What we can do is as cement, plaster, stucco, masonry, steel, fire- vern-area home below is an excellent ex-
make our homes and other buildings safe proof siding, and other fire-proof materials. ample of such landscaping.
so that we can reduce or eliminate the
risk of homes burning if a wildland fire roofing includes using Class A roofing
occurs. materials and shingles constructed of metal, ce-
ment, slate or ceramic tile. A fire-resistant sub-
roof can also add protection.
Where do wildland fires occur?
Double-pane glass is another safety feature that
Wildland fires occur wherever there are can be added to a home while it is being built
trees, grass or brush to fuel a fire, but without a huge cost penalty.
what is of most concern is the Wildland/
Urban Interface, or the area where It is also important to have multiple ways into and
homes and buildings are built next to out of our residence, at least two of each, with
wooded or brush-filled areas. The Wild- If your home is on flat ground, as little as
streets and house numbers clearly marked. For
land/Urban Interface can be in the forest 30 feet of defensible space surrounding
easy access by emergency vehicles, the street
or in a rural setting, but the interface can your house will give you a high degree of
should be at least 12 feet wide, have 15 feet of
also be in an urban or suburban setting— safety. What do we mean by defensible
clearance and a turnaround large enough to allow
like the home shown below. space? Defensible space is a break in fuels,
emergency vehicles to maneuver.
or burnable material, between a wildfire
and your home. First, large leafy hard-
wood trees should be pruned so that the
If it is already built… lowest branches are at least 6 to 10 feet
off the ground. This will prevent a fire on
Most of us do not have the luxury of re-building the ground from spreading up into the
our homes or buildings now that we have knowl- trees and then to your home. Next, re-
edge of fundamental design. When move flammable plants from your defensi-
remodeling your home or doing renovations, ble space, which are any plants containing
remember concepts can always be resins, oils and waxes that burn readily.
applied. You may not be able to make every Keep your leaves raked from around and
change immediately, but over time, you can make under your home during the winter
your home as safe as if you built it from the months, and keep your grass cut short
ground up. and well-watered during summer months.