Potential New Content and Structures for the U.S. Census

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					  Potential New Content and
Structures for the U.S. Census
 Bureau’s Business Register

   Shirin A. Ahmed and Eddie J. Salyers
            U.S. Census Bureau
          United States of America


• Background about the register
• Improvements to date
• Improvements under consideration:
  – Using BLS data
  – Creating two-way information flows
  – Collecting information to profile and measure
• Next steps

     Background about the Register

• Houses information for 26 million businesses
  (7.5 million employer businesses)

• Distinguishes between multi units (more than
  one location) and single units

• Identifies and links enterprise and
  establishment (local) structures

• Primary administrative source is the Internal
  Revenue Service
     Background about the Register

• Structures link tax reporting units (Employer
  Identification Numbers)

• Updates from the Economic Census, Annual
  Report of Organization, and Annual Survey of

• Frame for census and current surveys’
  samples, maintenance and benchmarking
  activities and micro-data research

        Improvements to Date
• For the 2002 Economic Census
  – New methods
  – Better organization of information
  – Modern technology

• For the 2007 Economic Census
  – More functionality tools
  – Improved user outreach

• For the 2012 Economic Census
  – Integrate and use new information
Improvements Under Consideration

• Use of more information from the
  Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)

• Standardizing and using current survey

• Collecting information to better profile
  and measure enterprises

Using BLS Data: Started in 1990’s
• Classification of BLS Data Sharing

• Multi-establishment indicator
  – Split out single units on BOC register
  – Created more consistent register

• Physical address

        New Uses of BLS Data
• Register Comparison Project 2004
   – Comparison of the BOC register and BLS register
   – Identify strengths and weaknesses of each
• Review of information
   – Multiunit data for firms operating within States
       • Provide detail for large single units
       • Reduce mailout for the Annual Survey of Organization
           – Discontinue mailing significant single units
           – Discontinue mailing “growth” multi-unit
   – Client Data for Professional Employer Organization’s
       • Resolve issues with treatment across programs
       • Define nonemployer versus employer frame

            Current Surveys
• Background
   – Register contains enterprise and establishments
   – Current collections may depend on division-level
   – Lack of communication between register and
     current surveys
• Standardize on ID
• Why it’s Important
  – Communicate organizational changes
  – Limit respondent burden
  – Provide more robust micro data sets
• Company calendar first step
 Collecting and Using Information
         About Enterprises

• Background
  – Economic Census is an establishment collection
  – Multi-establishment companies get “enterprise”
    form for limited information

• Proposal
  – Expand “enterprise” form
  – Improve quality of programs, produce new
    products, link to current collections

      Collecting and Using Information
              About Enterprises

• Improve Quality
   – Clarify Employer and Nonemployer universes
   – Better editing and coherence
• Capture Data Not Reportable at Establishment Level
• Release New Data
   – Globalization, Technology, Supply-chain
   – New products
      • Mergers, acquisitions, divestitures
      • Diversification and specialization
      • Company size

 Collecting and Using Information
         About Enterprises

• Recognize Divisions and Companies within
  – Better current survey linkages

• Recognize New Classifications

                 Next Steps

• Legal and administrative hurdles for data sharing

• Internal organizational buy-in to work corporately
  and change current programs

• Business case for enterprise collection