Transfer ownership of a Colorado real estate property from a seller to a trustee with this Colorado Deed of Trust.
- A Deed of Trust is often used in place of a mortgage when purchasing real estate. It cannot be used for agricultural land.
- Under the Deed of Trust, title is conveyed by the seller to a trustee instead of to the purchaser.
- The trustee holds the title as security to ensure the purchaser's performance of its obligations (including payment of the purchase price, maintenance and upkeep of the property, payment of taxes, etc).
- If the borrower defaults in payment, the balance becomes due and payable and the trustee may sell the property.
- The Deed of Trust contains uniform covenants regarding payments, taxes and insurance, hazard insurance, care and maintenance of the property, protection of the lender's security, and other standard clauses.
- The purchaser waives all right of homestead exemption in the property.
This Colorado Deed of Trust form is provided in MS Word format, and is fully editable to meet your needs.
After Recording Return To: ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ __________________________[Space Above This Line For Recording Data]________________________ DEED OF TRUST DEFINITIONS Terms used throughout this document are defined below. Certain rules regarding the usage of terms applied in this document are as follows: As used in this Security Instrument: (a) words of the masculine gender shall mean and include corresponding neuter words or words of the feminine gender; (b) words in the singular shall mean and include the plural and vice versa; and (c) the word “may” gives sole discretion without any obligation to take any action. (A) “Security Instrument” refers to this Deed of Trust for the State of Colorado, dated the _____ day of _____________, _________, together with all Riders to this document. (B) “Borrower” is ____________________________. Borrower is the trustor under this Security Instrument. Borrower’s mailing address is: _______________________________________________. (C) “Lender” is ______________________________, with an address at _________________________ [insert address of Lender]. Lender is a ____________________, organized and existing under the laws of ________________________. Lender is the beneficiary under this Security Instrument. (D) “Trustee” is _____________________________________. Trustee’s mailing address is: ____________________________________________________________________________________. (E) “Note” refers to the promissory note signed by Borrower and dated the ______ day of _________________, ________. The Note states that Borrower owes Lender _______________ dollars (US $________________) plus interest. Borrower has promised to pay this debt in regular Periodic Payments and to pay the debt in full no later than the _______ day of __________________, _________. (F) “Property” refers to the property that is described below under the heading “Transfer of Rights in the Property”. (G) “Loan” refers to the debt evidenced by the Note, plus interest, any prepayment charges and late charges due under the Note, and all sums due under this Security Instrument, plus interest. -2- (H) “Riders” refers to all Riders to this Security Instrument that are executed by Borrower. The following Riders are to be executed by Borrower [check boxes as applicable]: Adjustable Rate Rider Condominium Rider Second Home Rider Balloon Rider Planned Unit Development Other(s) [specify]: Rider 1-4 Family Rider Biweekly Payment Rider (I) “Applicable Law” refers to all controlling applicable federal, state, and local statutes, regulations, ordinances, and administrative rules and orders that have the effect of law, as well as all applicable final, non-appealable judicial opinions. (J) “Community Association Dues, Fees, and Assessments” refers to all dues, fees, assessments, and other charges that are imposed on Borrower or the Property by a condominium association, homeowners association, or similar organization. (K) “Electronic Funds Transfer” refers to any transfer of funds, other than a transaction originated by check, draft, or similar paper instrument, which is initiated through an electronic terminal, telephonic instrument, computer, or magnetic tape so as to order, instruct, or authorize a financial institution to debit or credit an account. Said funds include, but are not limited to, point- of-sale transfers, automated teller machine transactions, transfers initiated by telephone, wire transfers, and automated clearinghouse transfers. (L) “Escrow Items” refers to those items that are described in Section 2. (M) “Miscellaneous Proceeds” refers to any compensation, settlement, award of damages, or proceeds paid by any third party (other than insurance proceeds paid under the coverages described in Section 5) for (a) damage to, or destruction of, the Property; (b) condemnation or other taking of all or any part of the Property; (c) conveyance in lieu of condemnation; or (d) misrepresentations of, or omissions as to, the value and/or condition of the Property. (N) “Mortgage Insurance” refers to insurance protecting Lender against the nonpayment of, or default on, the loan. (O) “Periodic Payment” refers to the regularly scheduled amount due for principal and interest under the Note, plus any amounts under Section 2 of this Security Instrument. (P) “RESPA” refers to the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (12 U.S.C. §2601 et seq.) and its implementing regulation, Regulation X (24 C.F.R. Part 3500), as they might be amended from time to time, or any additional or successor legislation or regulation that governs the same subject matter. As used in this Security Instrument, “RESPA” refers to all requirements and restrictions that are imposed in regard to a “federally related mortgage loan” even if the Loan does not qualify as a “federally related mortgage loan” under RESPA. (Q) “Successor in Interest of Borrower” refers to any party that has taken title to the Property, whether or not that party has assumed Borrower’s obligations under the Note and/or this Security Instrument. TRANSFER OF RIGHTS IN THE PROPERTY This Security Instrument is made this _____ day of _______________, _______, among Borrower, _______________________ [insert name of Borrower(s)], Trustee, _________________________ [insert name of Trustee(s)], and Lender, ______________________________ [insert name of Lender(s)]. This Security Instrument secures to Lender: (a) the repayment of the Loan and all renewals, extensions, and modifications of the Note; and (b) the performance of Borrower’s covenants and agreements under this Security Instrument and the Note. For this purpose, Borrower irrevocably grants and conveys to -3- Trustee, in trust, with power of sale, the following described property located in the County of _____________________, State of Colorado: [insert description of the property] which is currently located at _______________________________ [street], _______________ [city], Colorado, _______________ [zip code] (hereinafter referred to as the “Property Address”). TOGETHER WITH all the improvements now or hereafter erected on the property, and all easements, rights, appurtenances, and rents (subject, however, to the rights and authorities given herein to Lender to collect and apply such rents), all of which shall be deemed to be and remain a part of the property covered by the Security Instrument, and all of the foregoing, together with the Property (or the leasehold estate if this Security Investment is on a leasehold) are hereinafter referred to as the “Property”. -4- BORROWER COVENANTS that Borrower is lawfully seized of the estate hereby conveyed and has the right to grant and convey the Property, and that the Property is unencumbered, except for a Mortgage or Deed of Trust, dated the ________ day of _______________, _________, and recorded at Book ________, Page _________, on _____________, ______________, ____________, as Instrument No. _________, of the Official Records of ___________________ County, State of Colorado, (hereinafter referred to as “Senior Mortgage”), and other encumbrances of record. Borrower covenants that Borrower will warrant and defend generally the title to the Property against all claims and demands, subject to encumbrances of record. THIS SECURITY INSTRUMENT combines uniform covenants for national use and non-uniform covenants with limited variations by jurisdiction to constitute a uniform security instrument covering real property. UNIFORM COVENANTS – Borrower and Lender covenant and agree as follows: 1. PAYMENT OF PRINCIPAL AND INTEREST: Borrower shall promptly pay in US Currency, when due, the principal and interest indebtedness evidenced by the Note and any prepayment and late charges as provided in the Note. Borrower shall also pay funds for Escrow Items pursuant to Section 2. If any check or other instrument received by Lender as payment under the Note or this Security Instrument is returned to Lender unpaid, Lender may require that any or all subsequent payments due under the Note and this Security Instrument be made in any of the following forms, as chosen by Lender: (a) cash; (b) money order; (c) Electronic Funds Transfer; or (d) certified check, bank check, treasurer’s check, or cashier’s check, provided any such check is drawn upon an institution whose deposits are insured by a federal agency, instrumentality or entity. Payments are considered received by Lender when received at the location designated in the Note, or at such other location as designated by Lender, in accordance with the notice provisions detailed in Section 15. Lender may return all or part of a payment if the payment or partial payments are insufficient to bring the Loan current. Lender may accept any amount of payment insufficient to bring the Loan current, without waiver of any rights hereunder or prejudice to its rights to refuse such payments in the future, but Lender is not obligated to apply such payments at the time such payments are accepted. If each Periodic Payment is applied as of its scheduled due date, then Lender need not pay interest on unapplied funds until Borrower makes payment to bring the Loan current. If Borrower does not do so within what Lender deems a reasonable period of time, Lender shall either apply such funds or return them to Borrower. If not applied earlier, such funds will be applied to the outstanding principal balance under the Note immediately prior to foreclosure. No offset or claim which Borrower may have, now or in the future, against Lender shall relieve Borrower from making payments due as provided by the Note and this Security Instrument, or performing the covenants and agreements secured by this Security Instrument. 2. FUNDS FOR TAXES AND INSURANCE: Subject to Applicable Law or a written waiver by Lender, Borrower shall pay to Lender on the day Periodic Payments of principal and interest are payable under the Note, until the Note is paid in full, a sum (hereinafter referred to as the “Funds”) equal to _____________ [insert proportional percentage of payments] of the yearly taxes and assessments which may attain priority over this Security Instrument and ground rents on the Property, if any, plus ________________ [insert proportional percentage of payments] of yearly premium installments of hazard insurance, plus __________________ [insert proportional percentage of payments] of yearly premium installments for Mortgage Insurance, if any, all as reasonably -5- estimated initially, and from time to time, by Lender on the basis of assessments and bills and reasonable estimates thereof. These items are referred to as “Escrow Items”. Borrower shall not be obligated to make such payments of Funds to Lender to the extent that Borrower makes such payments to the holder of the Senior Mortgage. At any time during the term of the Loan, Lender may require that Community Association Dues, Fees, and Assessments, if any, be escrowed by Borrower and such dues, fees, and assessments shall be an Escrow Item. Borrower must promptly furnish to Lender all notices of amounts to be paid under this Section 2. Borrower shall pay Lender for the Funds for Escrow Items, unless Lender, at any time, in writing, waives Borrower’s obligation to pay to Lender Funds for any or all Escrow Items. In the event of such waiver, Borrower shall pay directly, when and where payable, the amounts due for any Escrow Item for which payment of Funds has been waived by Lender and, if Lender requires, shall furnish to Lender receipts evidencing such payment within such time period as Lender may require. If Borrower is obligated to pay Escrow Items directly, pursuant to a waiver, and Borrower fails to pay the amount due for an Escrow Item, Lender may exercise its rights under Section 9 and pay such amount, and Borrower shall be obligated under Section 9 to repay to Lender any such amount. Lender may revoke said waiver at any time by a notice given in accordance with Section 15 and, upon such revocation, Borrower shall pay to Lender all Funds, and in such amounts, that are then required under this Section 2. Lender may, at any time, collect and hold Funds in an amount sufficient to permit Lender to apply the Funds at the time specified under RESPA, and not to exceed the maximum amount a lender can require under RESPA. Lender shall estimate the amount of Funds due on the basis of current data and reasonable estimates of expenditures of future Escrow Items or otherwise in accordance with Applicable Law. If Borrower pays Funds to Lender, the Funds shall be held in an institution, the deposits or accounts of which are insured or guaranteed by a federal or state agency (including Lender if Lender is such an institution). Lender shall apply the Funds to pay said taxes, assessments, insurance premiums, and ground rents no later than the time specified under RESPA. Lender may not charge Borrower for holding and applying the Funds, analyzing said account, or verifying and compiling said assessments and bills, unless Lender pays Borrower interest on the Funds and Applicable Law permits Lender to make such a charge. Borrower and Lender may agree in writing at the time of execution of this Security Instrument that interest on the Funds shall be paid to Borrower. However, unless such agreement is made or Applicable Law requires such interest to be paid, Lender shall not be required to pay Borrower any interest or earnings on the Funds. Lender shall give to Borrower, without charge, an annual accounting of the Funds as required by RESPA, showing credits and debits to the Funds and the purpose for which each debit to the Funds was made. The Funds are pledged as additional security for the sums secured by this Security Instrument. If the amount of Funds held in escrow, as defined under RESPA, together with the future monthly installments of Funds payable prior to the due dates of taxes, assessments, insurance premiums and ground rents, shall exceed the amount required to pay said taxes, assessments, insurance premiums, and ground rents as they fall due, such excess shall be, at Borrower’s option, either promptly refunded to Borrower or credited to Borrower on monthly installments of Funds. If the amount of Funds held in escrow, as defined under RESPA, shall not be sufficient to pay taxes, assessments, insurance premiums, and ground rents as they fall due, Lender shall notify Borrower as required by RESPA, and Borrower shall pay to Lender any amount necessary to make up the deficiency, in accordance with RESPA, within thirty (30) days from the date the notice is mailed by Lender to Borrower requesting payment thereof. -6- Upon payment in full of all sums secured by this Security Instrument, Lender shall promptly refund to Borrower any Funds held by Lender. If, under Section 24, the Property is sold or the Property is otherwise acquired by Lender, Lender shall apply no later than immediately prior to the sale of the Property or its acquisition by Lender, any Funds held by Lender at the time of application as a credit against the sums secured by this Security Instrument. 3. APPLICATION OF PAYMENTS: Unless Applicable Law provides otherwise, all payments received by Lender under the Note and Sections 1 and 2 of this Security Instrument shall be applied by Lender in the following order of priority: (a) first to interest payable on the Note; then (b) to the principal due under the Note; then (c) in payment of amounts, if any, payable to Lender by Borrower under Section 2. -7- If Lender receives a payment from Borrower for any delinquent Periodic Payment which includes a sufficient amount to pay any late charge due, the payment may be applied to the delinquent payment and late charge. If Borrower is late on more than one Periodic Payment, Lender may apply any payment received from Borrower to the repayment of the Periodic Payments if, and to the extent that, each payment can be paid in full. To the extent that any excess exists after the payment is applied in full to one or more Periodic Payments, such excess may be applied to any late charges due. Voluntary prepayments shall be applied first to any prepayment charges and then as described in the Note. Any application of payments, insurance proceeds, or Miscellaneous Proceeds to principal due under the Note shall not extend or postpone the due date, or change the amount, of the Periodic Payments. 4. PRIOR MORTGAGES AND DEEDS OF TRUST, CHARGES, LIENS: Borrower shall perform all of Borrower’s obligations under the Senior Mortgage or any other security agreement with a lien which has priority over this Security Instrument, including Borrower’s covenants to make payments when due. Borrower shall pay all taxes, assessments, and other charges, fines, and impositions attributable to the Property, which may attain a priority over this Security Instrument, and leasehold payments or ground rents, if any. To the extent that these items are Escrow Items, Borrower shall pay them in the manner provided in Section 2. Borrower shall promptly discharge any lien which has priority over this Security Instrument unless Borrower: (a) agrees in writing to the payment of the obligation secured by the lien in a manner acceptable to Lender, but only to the extent that Borrower is performing such agreement; (b) contests the lien in good faith by, or defends against the enforcement of the lien in, legal proceedings which operate to prevent the enforcement of the lien while those proceedings are pending, but only until such time as the proceedings are resolved; or (c) secures from the holder of the lien an agreement satisfactory to Lender subordinating the lien to this Security Instrument. If Lender deems that any part of the Property is subject to a lien which can attain priority over this Security Instrument, Lender may give Borrower a notice identifying the lien. Within ten (10) days of the date on which that notice is given, Borrower shall satisfy the lien or take one or more of the actions set forth in this Section 4. Lender may charge Borrower a one-time fee for a Real Estate Tax Verification and/or reporting service used by Lender in connection with this Loan. 5. HAZARD INSURANCE: Borrower shall keep the improvements, now existing or hereafter erected on the Property, insured against loss by fire, hazards included in the term “extended coverage”, and such other hazards as Lender may require, and in such amounts and for such periods as Lender may require. The insurance carrier providing the insurance shall be chosen by Borrower, subject to approval by Lender, provided that such approval shall not be unreasonably withheld. Lender may require Borrower to pay, in connection with this Loan, either a one-time charge for flood zone determination, certification and tracking services; or a one-time charge for flood zone determination and certification services and subsequent charges each time remappings or similar changes occur which might reasonably affect such determination or certification. Borrower shall also be responsible for the payment of any fees imposed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency in connection with the review of any flood zone determination resulting from an objection by Borrower. All insurance policies and renewals shall be in form acceptable to Lender and shall include a standard mortgage clause in favor of and in form acceptable to Lender. Lender shall have the right to hold the policies and renewals. -8- If Borrower fails to maintain any of the coverages detailed above, Lender may obtain insurance coverage of their choice, at Borrower’s expense. Lender is not obliged to purchase any particular type or amount of coverage, therefore, coverage shall cover Lender but may or may not protect Borrower, Borrower’s equity in the Property, or the contents of the Property against any risk, hazard, or liability, and may provide greater or lesser coverage than was previously applied. Borrower acknowledges that the cost of the insurance coverage obtained by Lender may significantly exceed the cost of insurance that Borrower could have obtained. Any amounts disbursed by Lender under this Section 5 shall become additional debt of Borrower secured by this Security Instrument. Interest shall be applied to these amounts at the Note rate from the date of disbursement and shall be payable, with such interest, upon notice from Lender to Borrower requesting payment. All insurance policies required by Lender, and renewals of such policies, shall be subject to Lender’s right to disapprove such policies, shall include a standard mortgage clause, and shall name Lender as mortgagee, and/or as additional loss payee. Lender shall have the right to hold the policies and renewal certificates. If required by Lender, Borrower shall promptly submit to Lender all receipts of paid premiums and renewal notices. If Borrower obtains any form of insurance coverage not otherwise required by Lender, for damage to, or destruction of, the Property, such policy shall include a standard mortgage clause and shall name Lender as mortgagee and/or as an additional loss payee. In the event of loss, Borrower shall give prompt notice to the insurance carrier and Lender. Lender may make proof of loss if not made promptly by Borrower. Unless Borrower and Lender otherwise agree in writing, any insurance proceeds shall be applied to restoration and/or repair of the Property, if the restoration or repair is economically feasible and Lender’s security is not lessened. During such repair and restoration, Lender shall have the right to hold such insurance proceeds until Lender has had an opportunity to inspect such Property to insure the work has been completed to Lender’s satisfaction, provided that such inspection is carried out in a timely manner. Lender may disburse proceeds for the repair and restoration in one or more payments, as Lender deems fit. Unless an agreement is made in writing, or Applicable Law requires interest to be paid on such insurance proceeds, Lender shall not be required to pay Borrower any interest or earnings on such proceeds. Borrower is solely responsible for the payment of fees for public adjusters or other third parties retained by Borrower. Such fees shall not be paid out of the insurance proceeds. If restoration or repair is not economically feasible, or Lender’s security would be lessened, the insurance proceeds shall be applied to the sums secured by this Security Instrument, whether or not due, with the excess, if any, paid to Borrower. Such insurance proceeds shall be applied in the order provided for in Section 3. Should Borrower abandon the Property or fail to respond to Lender within thirty (30) days from the date notice is mailed by Lender to Borrower that the insurance carrier offers to settle a claim for insurance benefits, Lender is authorized to collect and apply the insurance proceeds at Lender’s option, either for restoration or repair of the Property, or against the sums secured by this Security Instrument. In either event, or if Lender acquires the Property under Section 24 or otherwise, Borrower hereby assigns to Lender: (a) Borrower’s rights to any insurance proceeds in amount not to exceed the amounts unpaid under the Note or this Security Instrument; and (b) any other of Borrower’s rights (other than the right to any refund of unearned premiums paid by Borrower) under all insurance policies covering the Property, insofar as such rights are applicable to the coverage of the Property. 6. OCCUPANCY: Within sixty (60) days after the execution of this Security Instrument, and for at least one year after the date of occupancy, unless Lender agrees otherwise in writing, which -9- consent shall not be unreasonably held, or unless extenuating circumstances exist which are beyond Borrower’s control, Borrower shall occupy, establish, and use the Property as Borrower’s principal residence. - 10 - 7. PRESERVATION AND MAINTENANCE OF PROPERTY, LEASEHOLD, CONDOMINIUMS, OR PLANNED UNIT DEVELOPMENTS: Borrower shall keep the Property in good repair and shall not commit waste or permit impairment or deterioration of the Property, and shall comply with the provisions of any lease if this Security Instrument is on a leasehold. If this Security Instrument is on a unit in a condominium or a planned unit development, Borrower shall perform all of Borrower’s obligations under the declaration or covenants creating or governing the condominium or planned unit development, the Bylaws and regulations of the condominium or planned unit development, and constituent documents. Unless it is determined, pursuant to Section 5, that repair or restoration is not economically feasible, Borrower shall promptly repair the Property, if damaged, to avoid further deterioration or damage. If insurance or condemnation proceeds are paid in connection with damage to, or the taking of, the Property, Borrower shall be held responsible for repairing or restoring the Property only if Lender has released proceeds for such purposes. Lender may disburse proceeds for repairs and restoration in one or more payments, as Lender deems fit. If the insurance or condemnation proceeds are insufficient for repair or restoration of the Property, Borrower is not relieved of Borrower’s obligation for the completion of such repairs or restoration. Lender or Lender’s agent may make reasonable entries upon the Property for the purpose of inspection. If there is reasonable cause, Lender may inspect the interior of the improvements on the Property. Lender shall give Borrower notice at the time of, or prior to, such an interior inspection, specifying such reasonable cause. 8. BORROWER’S LOAN APPLICATION: Borrower shall be in default if, during the Loan application process, Borrower or any persons or entities acting on behalf of Borrower, gave materially false, misleading, or inaccurate information or statements to Lender (or failed to provide Lender with material information) in connection with the Loan. Material representations include, but are not limited to, representations concerning Borrower’s occupancy of the Property as Borrower’s principal residence. 9. PROTECTION OF LENDER’S SECURITY: If Borrower fails to perform the covenants and agreements contained in this Security Instrument, or if any action or proceeding is commenced which materially affects Lender’s interest in the Property, or if Borrower abandons the Property, then Lender, at Lender’s option, upon notice to Borrower in accordance with Section 15, may make such appearances, disburse such sums, and take such action as is necessary to protect Lender’s interest in the Property, including entering the Property to make repairs, change locks, replace or board up doors and windows, drain water from pipes, eliminate building or other code violations or dangerous conditions, and have utilities turned on or off. If Lender required mortgage insurance as a condition of making the Loan secured by this Security Instrument, Borrower shall pay the premiums required to maintain such insurance in effect until such time as the requirement for such insurance terminates in accordance with Borrower’s and Lender’s written agreement or Applicable Law. Although Lender may take action under this Section 9, Lender is under no obligation or duty to do so. It is agreed that Lender incurs no liability for not taking any or all actions authorized under this Section 9. Any amounts disbursed by Lender pursuant to this Section 9, with interest, at the Note rate, shall become additional indebtedness of Borrower secured by this Security Instrument. Unless Borrower and Lender agree to other terms of payment, such amounts shall be payable upon notice from Lender to Borrower requesting payment thereof. Nothing contained in this Section 9 shall require Lender to incur any expense or take any action. - 11 - If this Security Instrument is on a leasehold, Borrower shall comply with all provisions of the lease. If Borrower acquires fee title to the Property, the leasehold and the fee title shall not merge unless Lender agrees to such merger in writing. - 12 - 10. MORTGAGE INSURANCE: If required as a condition of the Loan, Borrower shall pay the premiums required to maintain the Mortgage Insurance in effect. If, for any reason, the Mortgage Insurance coverage required by Lender becomes unavailable from the mortgage insurer that previously provided such insurance, and Borrower was required to make separately designated payments toward the premiums for Mortgage Insurance, Borrower shall pay the premiums required to obtain coverage substantially equivalent to the Mortgage Insurance previously in effect, at a substantially equivalent cost, from an alternate mortgage insurer chosen by Lender. If substantially equivalent Mortgage Insurance coverage is not available, Borrower shall continue to pay to Lender the amount of the separately designated payments that were due when the insurance coverage ceased to be in effect. Such payments shall be retained and used by Lender as a non-refundable loss reserve in lieu of Mortgage Insurance and shall be non-refundable, notwithstanding the fact that the Loan is ultimately paid in full, and Lender shall not be required to pay Borrower any interest or earnings on such loss reserve. In the case in which Mortgage Insurance coverage (in the amount and for the period of time Lender requires), provided by an insurer chosen by Lender, again becomes available, is obtained, and Lender requires separately designated payments toward the premiums for Mortgage Insu
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