Differently abled persons policy (Tamil Nadu Govt) 2010 by Enabled_On

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									    Welfare of the Differently Abled Persons
                   Department

                    Demand No. 45

   WELFARE OF THE DIFFERENTLY ABLED
               PERSONS

             POLICY NOTE 2010-2011

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1. Introduction :
       Tamil Nadu has been always a pioneer in the
implementation of welfare schemes for all sections of
socially disadvantaged groups.       Recently a separate
administrative department in the Secretariat called
Department for the Welfare of the Differently Abled
Persons has been created under the direct supervision
of Hon’ble Chief Minister. With a view to eliminate the
social stigma attached to the description of persons based
on their disability namely physically handicapped, blind,
deaf etc., it was announced by the Government to refer


                            1
them as Differently Abled Persons as they possess
exceptional and extraordinary talents. Awareness is being
created among public to accept them as natural partners
of growth and provide them access to service and equal
participation in social life to create an inclusive society.
       The Government of Tamil Nadu through various
policies and initiatives have extended full support to the
Differently Abled Persons in their pursuit of full and equal
involvement in every aspect of society. Various schemes
have been announced by the Government to make sure
that the differently abled persons are in equal status to the
other people. The thrust areas of Government are as
follows:-

     v prevention of disabilities

     v early detection and intervention

     v rehabilitation measures

     v development of professionals for rehabilitation

     v provision for assistive devices

     v education and economic empowerment including
       self-employment

     v creation of barrier free environment.

     v social security



                             2
        The Policy of 3% reservation in job opportunities for
the differently abled persons is one of the focus areas of
this Government. A special recruitment drive was
recently launched to monitor and ensure filling up of all
backlog of vacancies identified and reserved for the
differently abled persons.
       One of the inhibiting factors preventing the
differently abled persons from taking active participation in
social life is the barriers in the physical environment. To
overcome the challenge, Government have issued
instructions for creation of barrier free environment for
access to public buildings and premises.
        Focusing on the needs of infants and toddlers with
disabilities, Tamil Nadu Government has established early
intervention centres in all the districts for both hearing
impaired and mentally retarded. Early Intervention Centres
help young children with disabilities achieve their goals in
cognitive, social, emotional communicative, adoptive and
physical development.
      With an object to provide individual education,
addressing specific needs, special schools are run by
Government catering to students who have special
education needs due to severe learning difficulties,
physical disability or behavioural problems.



                             3
       Tamil Nadu is the first state to design and
implement welfare schemes for the persons with Mental
Retardation. The outlay of Rs.25.00 crores earmarked for
the welfare of mentally retarded persons in 2006-2007 has
been gradually increased to Rs.40.00 crores in 2009-2010
and number of schemes including the flagship scheme of
grant of Maintenance Allowance of Rs.500/- per month,
establishment of Homes for Mentally Retarded, payment
of honorarium to special educators and physiotherapists,
financial assistance to the NGOs to run the homes have
been introduced by this Government for the care and
protection of mentally retarded persons.
       The State Policy for the Differently Abled
Persons has been issued by the Government taking into
account of the latest developments in Science and
Technology. The policy focuses on the special needs of
differently abled women and children as they need more
care and attention. This policy also provides for a
mechanism for promotion and protection of the rights of
Differently Abled Persons and methods for ensuring equal
opportunities for their full participation in social life.
       In a pioneering effort, this Government set up an
exclusive Board for the welfare of the Differently Abled
Persons in 2007 for the first time in the country. The Tamil
Nadu Welfare Board for Differently Abled Persons was
established through a legislation enacted in the State

                             4
Legislative Assembly. This Board administers social
security schemes to Differently Abled Persons. Since the
Department for the Welfare of the Differently Abled
Persons came under the direct supervision of Hon’ble
Chief Minister the Board has been reconstituted recently
under the Chairmanship of Hon’ble Chief Minister.
       This Government has introduced 22 number of new
schemes from 2006-07 and as on date the total number
of schemes implemented are 48. The budget allotment
has also been increased considerably by the Government
every year and this resulted in increased out lay of
Rs.176.00 crores in 2010-11 from Rs.49.00 cores in
2005-06.
       A separate Commissionerate is functioning under
the control of Special Commissioner for differently abled
persons for implementing the policies and programmes of
the Government. There are 30 district offices, 23 Special
Schools and 11 Rehabilitation Homes under the direct
control of the Commissioner. Besides there are number of
special schools receiving Government grant and special
schools run by NGOs. A State Resource cum Training
Centre (SRTC) is also functioning at Chennai.

       The    Persons     with    Disabilities     (Equal
Opportunities, Protection of Rights and full
Participation) Act, 1995 provides a legal basis of a right


                            5
based inclusive society and this Government has been
consistently taking steps for the implementation of the Act.
The National Trust for the Welfare of Persons with
Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and
Multiple Disabilities Act, 1999 provides for appointment
of legal guardian and provision of social assistance. The
Government has formed Local level Committees under
the Chairmanship of District Collector in each revenue
district to monitor the implementation of the Act.
        India is the 7th signatory to the United Nations
Convention on the Rights for Persons with Disabilities
which has come into force as International Human Rights
Law on 3rd May 2008. The convention covers rights such
as equality, non-discrimination and equal recognition
before the law; liberty and security of the person;
accessibility, personal mobility and independent living;
right to health, work and education; and participation in
political and cultural life. This Government endeavours in
all possible ways to change the common perception of
charity model to right based inclusive society model in
their approach to differently abled persons, on the lines of
the core values of the convention.
          History is replete with instances of differently
abled persons exhibiting exceptional and extraordinary
skills. It is the responsibility of everybody in a civil society
to play a vital role in creating an inclusive society where

                               6
differently abled persons have equal opportunities and full
participation in the growth and development of the country.
A change of mind set and an approach with human touch
towards the challenges faced by differently abled persons
is the aim of this Government so that they lead a life of
dignity and honour.

Vision

            •   Mainstreaming the Differently Abled persons
                in the society and improving their standard of
                living.

            •   To build a stronger and competitive
                environment, to support, making choices that
                help them live productive and rewarding
                lives.

            •   Barrier free environment to improve quality
                of life.

Mission:-
                  i.    Prevention of Disability.
                 ii.    Early Identification of Disability   and
                        Early Intervention.
                 iii.   Education – Special Education,
                        Inclusive Education based on the
                        need Integrated Education.


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               iv.    Vocational Training.
                v.    Employment       Opportunities   in    all
                      sectors.
               vi.    Socialisation.
               vii.   Participation in Development Process.
              viii.   Rehabilitation     services     and
                      implementation of welfare schemes.
               ix.    Barrier free environment.
                x.    Distribution of Aids and Appliances.
               xi.    Social Security Schemes.


2.   IMPLEMENTATION      OF   PERSONS    WITH
     DISABILITIES    (EQUAL     OPPORTUNITIES,
     PROTECTION     OF    RIGHTS   AND   FULL
     PARTICIPATION) ACT, 1995
       Tamil Nadu leads other States in implementing
various provisions of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal
opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation)
Act, 1995 and obtained appreciation at National Level.
The Persons with Disabilities (Equal opportunities,
Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 was
enacted to give equal opportunities to the differently
abled, to protect their rights in order to integrate them with


                              8
the mainstream of the society and to enable them to have
full participation in the normal life. A State Commissioner
for the Differently Abled has been appointed in Tamil
Nadu to monitor the implementation of the Act, besides
acting as Head of the Department for the welfare of the
Differently abled.


3. NATIONAL TRUST
         The National Trust Act was enacted in 1999 for the
welfare of persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental
Retardation and Multiple Disabilities, with the main
objective to enable and empower persons with these
disabilities to live as independently and as fully within as
close to the community to which they belong. In order to
fulfill this objective, Local Level Committees (LLC) have
been formed in the Districts to effectively implement the
programmes of the National Trust with District Collector as
the Chairman of the Local Level Committee. An amount
of Rs. 10000/-per annum is allotted to the each Local
Level Committee to take up activities, which includes
awareness generation, appointment of legal guardians,
sensitization of Non-Governmental Organisations and
highlighting the salient features of National Trust.




                             9
4.   UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS
     OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES (UNCRPD)
         The United Nations Convention on the Rights of
Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), which India signed
on 30.03.2007, was ratified and came into force on
03.05.2008. At its core, the convention ensures that
persons with disabilities enjoy the same human rights as
everyone else, and are able to lead their lives as full-
fledged citizens who can make valuable contributions to
society if given the same opportunities. It covers rights
such as equality, non-discrimination and equal recognition
before the law; liberty and security of the person;
accessibility, personal mobility and independent living;
right to health, work and education; and participation in
political and cultural life. Under the UNCRPD, a number
of obligations have been accepted by India to provide
facilities, options and opportunities to persons with
disabilities to live their lives with dignity. This Government
has been consistently taking efforts to translate the lofty
ideals enshrined in the UN Charter through various
workable measures.

5.   POPULATION OF THE DIFFERENTLY ABLED
     PERSONS IN THE STATE
      Census data forms the basis for evolving policies
and strategies. According to Census 2001, there are

                             10
2.19 crore Differently Abled Persons in India, which
constitute 2.1% of the total population and in Tamil Nadu,
there are 16.42 lakh differently abled persons, which
constitute 2.6% of the total population. More than 70% of
the differently abled persons live in rural areas.

6.   RESERVATION POLICY FOR THE DIFFERENTLY
     ABLED PERSONS
        The State Government is determined to implement
the Policy of Reservation for the differently abled persons
effectively. 3% vacancies/seats arising in all the
State/Public Sector undertakings and Educational
Institutions under all kinds of Managements (Government,
Aided, Local Bodies) have been reserved for the
differently abled persons. Of these vacancies, 1% has
been reserve for Visually Impaired, 1% for Speech and
Hearing Impaired and 1% for Locomotor Disabled.
       In the Education Department, with regard to
teaching posts, 2% of vacancies have been reserved for
the Visually Impaired persons and 2% of vacancies in
non-teaching posts have been reserved for hearing
impaired persons.
      The state is following the Roster pattern of the
Government of India while filling up 3% vacancies in
Government Departments / Undertakings with differently
abled persons. Further, the vacancies earmarked for

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differently abled persons which were not filled up due to
non-availability of differently abled persons in the
recruitment year for a period of 3 years will be carried
forward.
      To monitor the 3% reservation for the differently
abled persons in the Government sector, a High level
Committee has been constituted.

7.   SPECIAL RECRUITMENT DRIVE
        A Special Recruitment Drive has been launched to
monitor and ensure filling up of the backlog vacancies
identified and reserved for the Differently Abled Persons.
       The following action plan has been formulated:-
        1. To issue instructions to all appointing authorities
including public sector undertakings, Educational
Institutions/Universities to reserve 3% vacancies for
differently abled in employment without fail.
      2. To collect information about backlog of reserved
vacancies.
      3. To report the vacancies (including backlog) to
the Recruiting Agencies such as Tamil Nadu Public
Service Commission, Teachers Recruitment Board and
Department of Employment and Training etc.,




                             12
      4. The recruiting agency to notify the vacancies and
process the applications received from the Differently
Abled Persons.
       5. Recruiting agencies to finalize the lists of
selected candidates and communicate to the concerned
departments.
       6. Appointing authorities to issue appointment
orders to the selected candidates.
       All the recruiting agencies have been instructed
that the above action plan should be followed scrupulously
and the entire process of Special Recruitment Drive
should be completed at the earliest. The State
Commissioner for the Differently Abled has been
appointed as nodal officer to follow up this issue with the
concerned authorities to ensure compliance.

8.   JOB OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE DIFFERENTLY
     ABLED PERSONS
      In order to increase the job opportunities
      (i)   Whenever a Memorandum of Understanding
            (MOU) is signed with the Industrialists/
            entrepreneurs who come forward to establish
            industries, a request will be made to give
            priority to the differently abled persons in
            employment.


                            13
       (ii)   It has been ordered that all Differently Abled
              Employees working in various Government
              Departments on consolidated pay for more
              than two years should be brought into the
              regular time scale of pay.

9.   BARRIER FREE ENVIRONMENT                   FOR     THE
     DIFFERENTLY ABLED PERSONS
       The State Government is taking various steps to
provide barrier free environment for the differently abled
persons. This is to ensure integration of differently abled
persons with other persons in the society. As per the
provisions envisaged under Persons with Disabilities
(Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full
Participation) Act, 1995, the Chennai Metropolitan
Development Authority (CMDA) has amended the
Development Control Rules (DCR) for provision of ramps
and other barrier free facilities in Public Buildings for the
benefit of differently abled persons.            The State
Government has directed the Public Works, Highway,
Transport and Municipal Administration Departments to
take necessary steps to provide barrier free environment
in public buildings for access to the differently abled
persons.




                              14
10. TAMIL NADU WELFARE BOARD FOR THE
    DIFFERENTLY ABLED PERSONS

       The Tamil Nadu Welfare Board for the Differently
Abled Persons was formed by an enactment of the
Legislative Assembly in the year 2007. 1,94,628 differently
abled persons above 10 years of age are registered with
the Board. The Board was reconstituted under the
Chairmanship of Hon’ble Chief Minister. Minister for social
welfare as Vice Chairman and Kavignar Kanimozhi, M.P.
as Adviser. Secretary to Government, Differently Abled
Department and Principal Secretary to Finance
Department are exofficio members. The Commissioner for
the differently abled has been nominated as
Member–Secretary and 16 persons have been nominated
as non official members. The following social security and
welfare schemes are being implemented through the
Tamil Nadu Welfare Board for Differently Abled Persons.


 (1)          Personal accident relief :
       The Compensation provided under the scheme is
       as follows :

       (a)   Death                           Rs.1,00,000/-
       (b)   Loss of actual physical         Rs.1,00,000/-
             separation or total and
             irrecoverable loss of limbs


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      (c)   Loss of actual physical           Rs.50,000/-
            separation or total and
            irrecoverable loss of one
            hand or one foot or total and
            irrecoverable loss of sight in
            one eye
      (d) Permanent total disablement         Rs.25,000/-
            from injuries other than
            those specified in items (b)
            and (c) above
(2)         Assistance to meet the             Rs.2,000/-
            funeral expenses of a
            differently abled person
(3)         Assistance on the natural         Rs.15,000/-
            death of a differently abled
            person
(4)   Assistance for education of the Son or Daughter of
      a Differently abled Person :
      (a) (i) if the daughter of the           Rs.1000/-
                                           th
            applicant is studying in 10
            Standard or its equivalent
            (ii) if the son or daughter of     Rs.1,000/-
            the applicant had passed the
            10th Standard examination or
            its equivalent
      (b)    (i) if the daughter of an         Rs.1,000/-
            applicant is studying in +1
            Standard or its equivalent
      (c) (i) if the daughter of the           Rs.1,500/-
            applicant is studying in +2
            Standard or its equivalent,
            (ii) if the son or daughter of     Rs.1,500/-
            the applicant had passed the
            +2 examination or its equivalent

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(d)   (i) if the son or daughter of     Rs.1,500/-
      the applicant is studying in
      regular Bachelor Degree
      Course, for every academic
      year of the course,
                                        Rs.1,750/-
      (ii) if son or daughter
      studying the course is
      staying in the hostel.
      (iii) If the son or daughter of   Rs.2,000/-
      the applicant is       studying
      in regular Post Graduate
      Course, for every academic
      year of the course)
      (iv) if son or daughter           Rs.3,000/-
      studying the course is
      staying in the hostel
(e)   (i) If the son or daughter of     Rs.2000/-
      the applicant is studying a
      Professional Course in Law
      or Engineering or Medical or
      Veterinary Science or Allied
      Courses,      for      every
      academic year of the course
      (ii) if son or daughter           Rs.4000/-
      studying the course is
      staying in the hostel
      (iii) If the son or daughter of   Rs.4,000/-
      the applicant is studying a
      Post Graduate Professional
      Course for every academic
      year of the course,



                      17
            (iv) if son or daughter          Rs.6,000/-
            studying the course is
            staying in the hostel
      (f)   (i) if the son or daughter of    Rs.1,000/-
            the applicant is studying in
            Industrial Training Institute
            or Polytechnic Course, for
            every academic year of the
            course
            (ii) if son or daughter          Rs.1,200/-
            studying the course is
            staying in the hostel
            Where both husband and
            wife have applied for
            assistance      under    this
            clause one of them alone
            shall be eligible for such
            assistance:

(5)         Assistance for Marriage          Rs.2,000/-

(6)   Assistance for delivery or the miscarriage of
      pregnancy or the termination of pregnancy to a
      differently abled female members
      (i)    Delivery                    Rs.6,000/-
                                         (@ Rs.1,000/-
                                         per month for
                                         six months)
      (ii) Miscarriage                       Rs.3,000/-
      (iii) Termination                      Rs.3,000/-
(7)          Assistance for purchase of        Rs.500/-
             spectacles by a differently
             abled person


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      •    In addition to the above the following special
           schemes are also implemented by the Board.


                                                    Amount
     Sl.                                          allotted per
                  Name of the Scheme
     No.                                          beneficiary
                                                       Rs.
1.          Leather Knee Pad and Hand                    600/-
            glouse
2. (a)       Fabricated Bunk stalls                    27,200/-
   (b)      Working capital for Bunk stalls             2,800/-
3.          Battery     Operated      Motorised        27,450/-
            Tricycle (Electric Scooter)
4.          Motorised Tricycles (Petrol driven/        35,500/-
            Scooter)
5.          Income generating activities              20,000/-

      •    The benefits of the “Kalaignar Kappittu Thittam”
           have been extended to all differently abled persons
           registered with the Board.
      •    A sum of Rs. 100.00 lakh has been provided in
           the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for
           this scheme.

MAINTENANCE ALLOWANCES

 11. MAINTENANCE ALLOWANCE TO DIFFERENTLY
     ABLED PERSONS (SEVERELY AFFECTED)
     Maintenance Allowance given to the Differently Abled
Persons (severely affected) was enhanced from Rs.200/-
to Rs.500/- per month with effect from 01-09-2006.

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Maintenance Allowance is sent directly to the residence of
the beneficiary through money order. The number of
Differently Abled Persons (severely affected) availing
maintenance allowance is 10,000.

      A sum of Rs. 630.30 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

12. MAINTENANCE ALLOWANCE TO MUSCULAR
    DYSTROPHY AFFECTED PERSONS.

      As the plight of persons affected with Muscular
Dystrophy is similar to that of the Differently Abled
Persons (severely affected) and Mentally Retarded
persons, they are also provided with maintenance
allowance of Rs.500/- per month from 2008-2009. Total
number of beneficiaries under the scheme is 1000.

      A sum of Rs. 63.10 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

13. MAINTENANCE ALLOWANCE               TO    MENTALLY
    RETARDED PERSONS
      Mentally Retarded Persons with disability
percentage of 60% and above are given Maintenance
Allowance of Rs. 500/- per month from the year

                            20
2007-2008 onwards without age limit, ceiling on income
and without any restriction on the number of beneficiaries.
The Maintenance Allowance is sent to the residence of the
beneficiaries through money order. Total number of
beneficiaries under the scheme is 50,609.

      A sum of Rs. 3189.89 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.
WELFARE   SCHEMES    FOR  ALL   THE
CATEGORIES OF THE DIFFERENTLY ABLED
PERSONS

14. UNEMPLOYMENT   ALLOWANCE    TO  ALL
    CATEGORIES OF THE DIFFERENTLY ABLED
    UNEMPLOYED PERSONS:

       The scheme of unemployment allowance hitherto
given only to the unemployed visually impaired persons
has now been extended to all categories of differently
abled persons. The unemployment allowance as indicated
below will be paid for a period of 10 years or up to the age
of 40 years (45 years in the case of SC/ST) or till he/she
gets employment, whichever is earlier:-




                            21
                                          Rate of
                                      Unemployment
       Educational Qualification
                                      Allowance per
                                          month
 i)    Graduates/Post Graduates          Rs.450/-
 ii)    +2 (12th Standard)               Rs.375/-
 iii) 10th Standard and below            Rs.300/-

Eligibility Criteria :-

   a) Age: 18 to 40 years (45years in the case of
      SC/ST)
  b) Should have been in the Live Registers of District
      Employment Offices for a minimum period of one
      year.

      A sum of Rs.156.30 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.
15. MARRIAGE ASSISTANCE SCHEMES:
      To encourage persons marrying differently abled
persons, financial assistance is given by the Government
as detailed below:
 Sl                                        Nature of
            Name of the Scheme
 No                                       Assistance
1.        Assistance to normal       1. Cash assistance
          person marrying visually      for marriage
          impaired                      expenses
                                        Rs.10000/-

                             22
                                   2. National Saving
                                      Certificate worth
                                      Rs.10000/-
2.     Assistance      to   normal 1. Cash assistance
       person marrying persons        for marriage
       without one arm / one leg      expenses
                                      Rs.10000/-
                                   2. National Saving
                                      Certificate
                                      worth Rs.10000/-
3.     Assistance      to   normal 1. Cash assistance
       person marrying speech         for marriage
       and hearing impaired           expenses
                                      Rs.10000/-
                                   2. National Saving
                                      Certificate
                                       worth Rs.10000/-
4.     Assistance to differently 1. Cash assistance
       abled person marrying          for marriage
       differently abled person.      expenses
                                      Rs.10000/-
                                   2. National Saving
                                      Certificate
                                      worth Rs.10000/-

        The quantum of Marriage Assistance has been
raised from Rs.10,000/- to Rs.20,000/- by this
Government during 2006-2007. The income ceiling limit
prescribed for under the General Scheme, has been
totally relaxed in respect of differently abled persons to
enable them to avail the benefit.


                            23
       A special drive was launched and all pending
applications were cleared. As a result 1239 beneficiaries
were sanctioned a financial assistance of Rs.247 lakh.

      A sum of Rs.98.00 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

16. ASSISTANCE TO DIFFERENTLY ABLED LAW
    GRADUATES

       In order to encourage differently abled persons to
practice law in various courts, 20 differently abled Law
graduates are given financial assistance of Rs.3000/-
each to defray the expenses for enrolment in Bar Council
as Lawyers and for purchase of Law books.

     A sum of Rs. 0.60 lakh has been provided in the
Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

17. FREE   TRAVEL  CONCESSION   TO   THE
    DIFFERENTLY ABLED PERSONS IN STATE
    OWNED TRANSPORT CORPORATIONS BUSES

      The State Government is implementing the
Scheme of providing different types of Free Travel
concession to various differently abled persons to travel


                           24
in the State owned Transport Corporation Buses as
detailed below

     i)     The Visually impaired persons are permitted
            to travel free of cost in the Government
            Transport Corporation Buses upto 100 Kms
            from their residence without any condition.

     ii)    All other differently abled persons are
            permitted to avail travel concession in
            order to pursue their education, visit
            hospitals, training centres and undertake
            employment, with certain conditions.

     iii)   The visually impaired and orthopaedically
            affected differently abled persons are
            permitted to travel to their native places and
            back within the State once in a year in
            Express Buses.

     iv)    The Persons with mental retardation, are
            permitted to travel with one escort, free of cost
            without ceiling on income.

     v)     All categories of differently abled persons are
            permitted to avail 75% concession to travel to
            any place in the State in all types of buses
            except AC buses without any restrictions on
            number of trips.


                             25
      A sum of Rs. 308.21 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

18. SCHOLARSHIPS

       The State Government is providing scholarships to
differently abled students pursuing education upto post-
graduate level towards purchase of study materials etc.
The quantum of scholarship is as detailed below:-


                                          Enhanced
      Sl.No.            Standard          rate w.e.f.
                                           1.4.2007
 1.            I std to V std             Rs.500/- p.a.
 2.            VI std to VIII std         Rs.1500/-p.a.
 3.            IX to XII std              Rs.2000/-p.a.
 4.            Under Graduate Courses     Rs.3000/-p.a.
 5.            Professional Courses and   Rs.3500/-p.a.
               Post-Graduate Courses

      A sum of Rs.261.00 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.




                                26
SELF EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMMES

19. SELF-EMPLOYMENT SCHEMES

       Effective steps are being taken to assist the
differently abled persons to avail loans from the
Nationalised Banks towards their self-employment
ventures, and micro enterprises including setting up of
bunk stalls. Subsidy equal to 1/3 of loan amount or
Rs.3000/- whichever is less, is provided by the
Government. Bunk stall subsidy of Rs.5,000/- or 1/3 of
the loan amount, whichever is less, is given to the
differently abled persons, who desire to install Bunk Stall
in public places. Every year 1050 persons are benefitted
under these Schemes.
       Further, the State Government is taking effective
steps to provide assistance for self-employment ventures
through the Schemes sponsored by the National
Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation,
Government of India.

     A sum of Rs.32.50 lakh has been provided in the
Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.




                            27
20. 100% FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TOWARDS
    MARGIN MONEY FOR DIFFERENTLY ABLED
    PERSONS UNDER PMEGP

       In order to encourage the differently able persons to
become self reliant entrepreneurs, the state Government
provides free the entire 5% of the margin money as
assistance to avail loan under PMEGP
       The Prime Minister’s Employment Generation
Programme aims at enhancing employment opportunities
in rural as well as urban areas through setting up of new
self-employment ventures/projects/micro enterprises. The
maximum cost of the project admissible is Rs.25 lakh
under the manufacturing sector and Rs.10 lakh under
business/ service sector. To avail a loan under this
scheme the borrower should bear 5% of the margin
money.
        Beneficiaries for grant of margin money will be
selected by the Selection Committee headed by the
District Collector. District Differently abled Welfare Officers
should collect applications from differently abled persons
and recommend to the Selection Committee; For the
selected beneficiaries, financial assistance towards 5%
margin money will be sanctioned totally free. The money
will be drawn by the District Differently Abled Welfare



                              28
Officer and disbursed through District Industries Centre /
Khadi Village Industries Commission.

     A sum of Rs.5.00 lakh has been provided in the
Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

TRAINING PROGRAMMES

21. TRAINING FOR DIFFERENTLY ABLED PERSONS
    THROUGH    DISTRICT      REHABILITATION
    CENTRES

       With an objective to generate employment
opportunities for the differently abled persons the following
Training Programmes are conducted free of cost.

       (1) Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology
           (DMLT) – 2 years Duration for Ortho. (Chennai,
           Salem, Tirunelveli, Tiruchirapalli, Thanjavur,
           Madurai, Chengalpattu, Vellore, Thoothukudi,
           Nagerkoil, Coimbatore and Theni districts)

       (2) Cell Phone Service and Maintenance – 3
           Months Duration (in all the Districts) for
           Orthopaedically challenged.




                             29
       (3) Computer Training for Visually Impaired
           persons – 6 Months Duration Course at
           Regional Centre, National Institute of Visually
           Handicapped, Ponnamalle, Chennai.

      Training is given free of cost and a stipend of
Rs.300/- per month is paid to the trainees.

      A sum of Rs.28.97 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

22. VOCATIONAL TRAINING WITH BOARDING AND
    HOSTEL FACILITIES

       To enhance the employability by acquiring various
job specific skills, in identified areas of employment for
the differently abled persons, Government have decided
to establish vocational training centres with boarding and
hostel facilities in all the districts through NGOs in the
phased manner within a period of 3 years.             This
programme will be implemented initially in 12 districts of
Chennai, Kancheepuram, Tiruvallur, Vellore, Dharmapuri,
Erode, Coimbatore, Tiruchirapalli, Madurai, Tirunelveli,
Thuthukudi      and     Sivagangai      through  the   Non
Governmental Organisations.




                           30
      A sum of Rs.38.38 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

23. PROGRAMME       FOR   REHABILITATION   OF
    DIFFERENTLY      ABLED   PERSONS     WITH
    DISABILITIES (PRPD)

        The main objective of the Scheme is to provide
Community Based Rehabilitation Services to differently
abled persons at various levels starting from Village
Panchayat in select Districts. The Programme for
Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities (PRPD) Scheme
is implemented in 7 Districts, namely, Thanjavur,
Thiruvarur,     Krishnagiri,   Dharmapuri,      Pudukottai,
Tirunelveli and Sivagangai. Since the programme has
been completed in Thanjavur and Tiruvarur Districts, this
scheme will be extended in Vellore and Thuthukudi
districts.
       As a part of this scheme, a State Resource cum
Training Centre (SRTC) is functioning at Chennai. This
centre conducts training programme for Non-
Governmental Organisations, Government servants and
others stake-holders on the rehabilitation of the differently
abled persons.



                             31
      A sum of Rs. 150.36 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

24. REGISTRATION   OF  NON-GOVERNMENTAL
    ORGANISATIONS    WORKING  FOR    THE
    REHABILITATION  OF  THE  DIFFERENTLY
    ABLED PERSONS

       It is mandatory for all the NGOs providing various
services to the differently abled persons to get registered
under the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities,
Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995. The
State Commissioner for the Welfare of Differently Abled,
Chennai is the competent authority to register NGOs
under section 52 of the above said Act.

25. ISSUE OF NATIONAL IDENTITY CARDS, PASS
    BOOKS AND DISABILITY CERTIFICATES

      The task of issue of National Identity Cards to all the
eligible differently abled persons in the State is given top
priority by the State Government. As per the Persons with
Disabilities (Equal opportunities, Protection of Rights and
Full Participation) Act 1995, Disability Certificates are
issued to the differently abled persons at the District
Medical College Hospital and District Head Quarters


                             32
Hospitals on a specific day/days of the week by District
Medical Boards. The District Medical Board constituted
under the Act consists of 3 members including a specialist
in the field of ENT/ Ophthalmology/ Ortho/ Psychiatry/
Paediatrics. No fee is collected from the differently abled
persons for the issue of the Certificates. National identity
cards have been issued to 6,51,697 differently abled
persons.
       Regular camps are conducted throughout the State
at Block and Taluk levels for issue of National Identity
Cards. 50 Medical Boards are functioning in the state.
Besides the above arrangements, National Identity Cards
are also issued through special camps conducted in the
premises of Special Schools / SSA Schools / IED Schools
and under “Varummun Kappom Thittam”.


26. SPECIAL DIPLOMA              COURSES       FOR     THE
    TEACHERS.
       Apart from normal teachers training course, the
special school teachers require special skills to train the
differently abled persons, because they handle different
categories of students, who suffer from various disabilities
and therefore, training programmes are conducted for
them to hone up their skills to meet the challenges by
differently abled persons. The duration of the programme


                            33
is ten months. The details of the Training Programme are
given below:

                                             No. of
          Name of the          Nature of
S.No                                        Trainee
           Institution         Training
                                           Teachers
  1  Government Higher Junior Diploma         25
     Secondary School in teaching the
     for the Blind,        Blind
     Poonamallee,
     Chennai.
  2  Balavihar Training Junior / Senior       20
     School,      Kilpauk, Diploma      in
     Chennai.              Teaching   the
                           Mentally
                           Challenged
  3  Little Flower Higher Junior / Senior     50
     Secondary School Diploma           in
     for the Hearing teaching         the
     Impaired, Chennai. Hearing Impaired

      In addition to the above courses run by the State
Government, some NGOs are also conducting Diploma
Courses which are recognized by the Rehabilitation
Council of India for Special School teachers .

      A sum of Rs.16.81 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.




                          34
27. INTERNATIONAL DAY OF THE DIFFERENTLY
    ABLED PERSONS

        ‘International Day of the Differently abled’ is
observed on 3rd December every year by the State
Government in accordance with the Declaration of the
United Nations Organisation. The main aim of observing
this day is to encourage the differently abled persons to
showcase their skills and abilities in various fields of Arts
and Sports. In connection with the International Day of the
Differently Abled, “State Level Sports Meet” is also
conducted. As many as 5000 differently abled children
participate from all over the State. Several sports and
games are conducted and prizes are distributed to
winners and certificates issued to all the participants. On
this day, cultural programmes are also conducted and,
State Awards are distributed to the Best Employer, Best
Social Worker, Best Employee, Best Teacher and Best
Institution, who render outstanding service for the welfare
of the differently abled persons. Aids and Appliances are
also distributed on this occasion. The Government has
issued orders granting Special Casual Leave for this day
to all the differently abled persons employed in
Government Departments/Undertakings to enable them to
participate in the function.



                             35
AIDS and APPLIANCES

28 . FREE SUPPLY OF AIDS AND APPLIANCES
        The Department for welfare of the differently abled
is providing various kinds of Aids and Appliances to the
identified and needy persons according to their disability,
usage of limbs, power and requirement of appliances
through District Differently abled Welfare Officers at free
of cost as follows:-
        (a) Tricycles
        (b) Wheel chairs
        (c) Goggles
        (d) Folding sticks
        (e) Braille Watches
        (f) Hearing Aids
        (g) Solar rechargeable batteries
        (h) Calipers
        (i) Crutches
        (j) Artificial limbs

        The above Aids and Appliances are given to
differently abled persons to enable them to perform their
day to day activities independently by overcoming the
disabilities.



                            36
        Calipers and Artificial Limbs are designed, fabricated
and fitted by Orthotic Technicians and Leather Workers for
each and every patient at Orthotic Units of District Differently
Abled Welfare Officeers functioning in the Districts.

     A sum of Rs. 75.00 lakh has been provided in the
Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this scheme.
29 . SUPPLY OF FREE MOTORISED TRICYCLES
        The scheme of supply of Free Motorised Tri-cycles,
was started in the year 2007-2008 and every year Motorised
Tricycles are provided to the severely affected differently
abled students, free of cost. A subsidy of 30% of the cost of
the Motorised Tricycles or Rs.10,000/-, whichever is less, was
provided to Severely affected, Differently Abled Working
Persons in the state for purchase of Motorised Tricycles. The
details which as below.
 Sl.   Financi   For the students          For the working/self
 No.   al year   motorized tricycles at    employed persons
                 free of cost              tricycles at 1/3 grant or
                                           Rs.10,000/-
                   Allotment     No. of       Allotment      No.of
                                 benefi-                     benefi-
                                 ciaries                     ciaries
 1.    2007-     Rs.21.00 lakh      62     Rs.29.00 lakh        291
       2008
 2.    2008-     Rs.21.00 lakh        60   Rs.29.00 lakh       290
       2009
       Total     Rs.42.00 lakh     112     Rs.58.00 lakh       581




                                 37
In addition to the above, during 2008-2009, under the
Social Security scheme of the Tamil Nadu Welfare Board
for the Differently Abled Persons, tricycles were also
supplied to 100 beneficiaries as detailed below:-

  students   working /    self       total          total cost.
             employed             beneficiaries
             persons
     54             46                100         Rs. 34,50,000/-


       There were some practical difficulties in supplying
motorised tricycles and cycles with        auxiliary wheels
(Retrofitted vehicles) run by petrol as below:-
   1. The kits and other parts to be fixed in the motorized
      tricycles and scooters for use by the differently
      abled persons have to be purchased only from the
      authorized dealers as per the orders of Government
      of India. In Tamil Nadu there is no authorized
      dealer to design such tricycles / scooters .
   2. Delay experienced in supply of motorized tricycles
      run by petrol because of getting special permission
      and registering process in the Regional Transport
      Office at Chennai.
   3. Before registration of the vehicles necessary
      certificates have to be obtained from the
      beneficiaries in the Districts and hence there was
      delay in supplying vehicles.

                             38
4. There were difficulties in obtaining driving licence to
   the differently abled persons with severely affected
   legs.
5. Fuel charges towards cost of petrol was felt as
   high by beneficiaries.
       In order to remove the above difficulties, the
Technical Committee recommended for the supply of
motorised Electrical scooter. The advantages of the
motorised Electrical scooter, are as follows.
          Does not require high cost petrol.
          Does not require driving licence.
          Does not require registration under Motor
       Vehicle Act since the Electrical
         motor used lower than 250 watts.
          Does not require payment of Road Tax.
          Consumption of Electricity is low.
          Since the battery used is less than 250 watts
          it can be charged in houses itself.
          Environmental protection.
          Low maintenance cost.
          Additional safety as the electrical scooter’s
          maximum speed is restricted to 25 k.m. per
          hour.




                          39
      During 2009-2010 Rs. 50.00 lakhs has been
provided to supply Electric scooter to 250persons . As per
the special announcement made by Hon’ble Chief Minister
 Rs. 120.00 lakhs has been provided to supply Electric
scooters to 600 persons. Action is taken to supply Electric
scooters to 761 Differently Abled Persons at a total
expenditure Rs. 170.00 lakhs.

      A sum of Rs.50.00 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

30. SUPPLY OF FREE MODULAR ARTIFICIAL LIMBS

     Low cost plastic type of Artificial Limbs are normally
provided to the beneficiaries through District Differently
Abled Welfare Officers.      From the year 2007-2008
onwards, the latest Modular Functional Artificial Limbs are
provided to the amputee students free of cost to enable
them to move from one place to another and attend their
day to day work without any external support.

      A sum of Rs. 25.20 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.



                            40
31.    SECONDARY GRADE TEACHERS TRAINING
      (DIPLOMA IN   TEACHER EDUCATION) TO
      ORTHOPAEDICALLY CHALLENGED

       With a view to generate employment opportunities,
Secondary Grade Teachers Training Course is conducted
for the differently abled persons (orthopaedically
challenged) at the Government Higher Secondary School
for the Blind at Poonamallee. Every year 50
Orthopaedically Challenged persons are admitted to this
two years Course.

     A sum of Rs.6.17 lakh has been provided in the
Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

32. DISTRIBUTION OF FREE MOTORISED SEWING
    MACHINE

       Realising the hardship faced by the differently
abled persons (orthopeadically challenged) in using the
manually operated sewing machine, an announcement
was made in Budget speech of 2009 – 2010 that
motorized sewing machines will be supplied free of cost.
This is intended to increase their self-employment
potential and improve their living standards, taking
advantage of the improvements in science and
technology.    During 2009-2010, 1350 persons were

                           41
provided with motorised sewing machine at a cost of
Rs.47.00 lakh.

     A sum of Rs.55.35 lakh has been provided in the
Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

33. TRAINING
        The Book Binder Training Programme for the
Visually Impaired Persons with a duration of one year is
conducted at the Government Industrial Training Centre
for the Blind at Poonamallee.
       This Training programme is conducted for 20
Visually Impaired persons free of cost, which includes
Tuition fees, Training cost, as well as free Boarding and
Lodging along with two sets of uniforms.

     A sum of Rs.21.00 lakh has been provided in the
Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

34. GOVERNMENT REHABILITATION HOME WITH
    SHELTERED WORKSHOP FOR THE VISUALLY
    IMPAIRED WOMEN AT POONAMALLEE.

      The State Government is organizing a training
programme for the visually impaired women to enable
them to generate own income. Visually Impaired Women

                           42
in the age group of 18-40 years (45 years in the case of
SC/ST) are admitted in the Government Rehabilitation
Home with Sheltered Workshop for the visually impaired
women and given training in Chalk-Piece making and
Weaving. On completion of this training, they are given
job in the Home itself in weaving bed sheets, towels,
bandage cloth and chalk-piece making. These products
are sold to hospitals and schools.

      A sum of Rs.21.40 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

35. CASH PRIZE TO TOP RANKERS IN PUBLIC
    EXAMINATIONS
         With a view to encourage the Visually Impaired
students, who have studied in Tamil Medium and secured
first three ranks at State and district level in 10th and 12th
Standard Public Examinations, cash prizes are awarded
as follows.
State Level

          Category          For        10th   For        12th
                            Standard          Standard
          First Rank        Rs.4,000/-        Rs.6,000/-
          Second Rank       Rs.3,000/-        Rs.4,000/-
          Third Rank        Rs. 2,000/-       Rs.3,000/-


                             43
District Level


          Category           For 10th      For 12th
                             Standard      Standard
          First Rank         Rs.2000/-     Rs.4,000/-
          Second Rank        Rs.1,500/-    Rs.2,500/-
          Third Rank         Rs. 1,000/-   Rs.1,500/-

          Category           For 10th      For 12th
                             Standard      Standard
          To       pursue    Rs.4,000/-    Rs.6,000/-
          Higher
          Education
          To purchase of     Rs.3,000/-    Rs.4,000/-
          Braille Books
          Hostel fees (for   Rs. 2,000/-   Rs.3,000/-
          10 months

       They would also be given the financial assistance
by the Government to pursue higher studies.

      A sum of Rs.29.44 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.
36. READERS ALLOWANCE
       The Government is providing Readers Allowance
for   the Visually impaired Students along with



                             44
scholarship. The quantum of Readers Allowance         is as
detailed below:


                                                Enhanced
                                                rate w.e.f
Sl. No                 Standard                 1.10.2007
                                                   per
                                                 annum
a)       9th to 12th Std                         Rs.1500/-
b)       Under Graduate Courses                  Rs.2500/-
c)       Professional Courses and Post-          Rs.3000/-
         Graduate Courses


    A sum of Rs. 19.00 lakh has been provided in the
Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for the above
scheme.

37. SCRIBE ASSISTANCE
       The Visually impaired Students studying in 9th std
to 12th std in the special schools for the Visually impaired
are permitted to engage a scribe for their school
examinations and a sum of Rs.50/- per paper is paid to
each scribe. About 500 students studying in the following
schools avail this benefit every year:-
     a) Government Higher Secondary School for the
         Blind, Poonamallee, Chennai.


                            45
     b) Government Girls Higher Secondary School for
        the Blind, Thiruchirapalli.
     c) Government High School for the Blind, Thanjavur.
     d) Little Flower Convent Higher Secondary School
        for the Blind, Chennai.
     e) St. Louis Institute for the Deaf and Blind, Chennai.
     f) Indian Association for the Blind Higher Secondary
        School, Madurai.

     A sum of Rs.5.54 lakh has been provided in the
Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.
38. PROVIDING         CD   PLAYERS WITH   CDS
    CONTAINING        LESSONS TO THE VISUALLY
    IMPAIRED
       In order to meet the learning needs of the visually
impaired students, this Government has introduced an
additional level of support by providing Tape recorder and
pre-recorderd audio cassettes containing lessons for 10th
and 12th standards to the students studying in the
Government Special School for the Blind at Poonamallee,
Tiruchirapalli and Thanjavur free of cost during 2006-07.
The usage of Tape recorders and Tapes has become
obsolete and hence considering the advancement in
technology in audio gadgets, it was decided to provide

                            46
C.D player with C.Ds containing lessons free of cost from
2009-10 onwards to students studying in special schools.

     A sum of Rs. 3.53 lakh has been provided in the
Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

39. SPECIAL EDUCATION
         With an objective to provide individual education,
addressing specific needs, special schools are run by
Government catering to differently abled students
requiring special education needs due to severe learning
difficulties, physical disability or behavioural problems.
There are 23 Government Special Schools – 10 for the
Visually Impaired, 11 for the Hearing Impaired, 1 for the
Severely Locomotor disability and 1 for the Mentally
Challenged.
    Differently abled Children studying in the Government
Special Schools are provided :
    i)     Free special education, free boarding and
           lodging and
    ii)    Two sets of uniform free of cost every year.
       Apart from the above, other facilities like learning
materials, play materials are also supplied to all
Government Special Schools for the development of
Children with special needs.


                            47
        Special education is also provided to differently
abled children through 54 Government aided special
schools. Salary grants for the posts sanctioned by the
Government, feeding charges and free supply of books
are also provided by the Government to promote special
education and make it available through out the state.
The feeding charges for the Differently Abled students
studying in Government and Government aided schools
will be enhanced from Rs. 200 to Rs. 450/- per month from
1.6.2010.

      A sum of Rs. 1216.66 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

40. B.COM., AND B.C.A., COURSES                FOR    THE
    HEARING IMPAIRED STUDENTS
       B.Com., and B.C.A., Courses were started by the
Government        exclusively for the Hearing Impaired
Students in the Presidency College at Chennai. This
special initative is the first of its kind in the country .
15 students are admitted in each course every year. This
enables the differently abled students with hearing
impairment to pursue graduate courses in applied subjects
other than conventional arts and science courses.




                            48
     A sum of Rs.5.58 lakh has been provided in the
Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.
41. ESTABLISHMENT OF 31 EARLY INTERVENTION
    CENTRES FOR THE HEARING              IMPAIRED
    CHILDREN
        In the year 2006-2007, Early Intervention Centres
for Infants and Young children with Hearing Impairment
was started in 10 districts and subsequently extended to
the remaining 21 Districts in the year 2008-2009. These
Centres are managed by NGOs. The main objective of
scheme is to identify infants and young children with
hearing impairment and provide early intervention
services to address the disability with medical and
rehabilitiion services. It also provides required training to
parents and families of such children for social adjustment
to facilitate the maximum development of the children with
hearing impairment. Children below 2 ½ years with
hearing impairment, without any additional disabilities are
admitted in these Centres, so that when they reach
5 years of age, they develop adequate verbal language
skills and will be ready for main streaming into 1st
standard in regular Schools. Early Intervention enables
children with hearing impairment to overcome the
handicap and transforms their lives with training and
rehabilitation and enables them to join the main stream of

                             49
education in the schools along with others and lead a
normal life.

      A sum of Rs. 93.98 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.
42. PRE-SCHOOLS          FOR     HEARING       IMPAIRED
    CHILDREN
      20 Pre-School sections for the Speech and Hearing
Impaired Children are functioning in the Government
Special Schools and Government-Aided Schools for the
Hearing Impaired. These centres cater to the special
needs of children with the age group of 3-5 years and 176
students are benefited under the scheme.

      A sum of Rs. 99.36 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

43. TRAINING IN ‘FITTER’ TRADE FOR HEARING
    IMPAIRED PERSONS IN ITI GUINDY
       A Special Training wing has been established for
the Hearing Impaired persons in Government Industrial
Training Institute (ITI) at Guindy. At present 19 persons
are given training in the Book Binder trade for a period of
2 years. A stipend of Rs.300/- per month is given to the
trainees during the training period.

                            50
     A sum of Rs.3.00 lakh has been provided in the
Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

44. HOMES FOR THE MENTALLY RETARDED
       In order to provide care and protection to Mentally
Retarded Persons above the age of 14 years, 7 Homes
have been established through NGOs to benefit 350
persons at the rate of 50 in each home in Kancheepuram,
Tiruvallur, Madurai, Dindigul, Coimbatore, Tiruchirapalli
and Tirunelveli Districts. Vocational Training is also
imparted to them to develop their skills in few select
employment areas.

      A sum of Rs.77.74 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

45. GRANT-IN-AID ASSISTANCE FOR                 SPECIAL
    SCHOOLS FOR MENTALY RETARDED

      The Government has set up a special school for
Mentally Retarded Children in Theni District through an
NGO by providing financial assistance. This Special
School provides special education to 50 children.




                           51
     A sum of Rs.2.35 lakh has been provided in the
Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.
46. SALARY GRANT TO SPECIAL EDUCATORS AND
    PHYSIOTHERAPISTS   FOR       MENTALLY
    RETARDED SCHOOLS
       The Government having understood that Special
Educators and Physiotherapists employed by NGOs for
providing special education and training to Mentally
Retarded persons need financial support besides the
salary paid to them by respective NGOs, has decided to
pay as honorarium of Rs.3000/- per month to them. This
is a major step to enable the Mentally Retarded persons to
receive the continued services of special educators and
Physiotherapists.

      A sum of Rs.197.65 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.
47. FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO                 REGISTERED
    NGOs RUNNING MR HOMES
      In order to encourage and support the registered
NGOs running special schools with residential facilities for
Mentally Retarded persons with a track record of 3 years,
the Government is providing financial assistance towards
feeding charges for inmates construction of building or

                            52
payment of rental based on the basis of special
requirement. 91 NGOs running such special schools are
receiving financial assistance.

      A sum of Rs.200.00 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.
48. DAY CARE CENTRES FOR THE MENTALLY
    CHALLENGED CHILDREN IN THENI DISTRICT

       Day Care Centres for the mentally challenged
childrens are functioning in 3 places at Theni District,
benefiting 90 children. The Government is providing
grant-in-aid assistance to the NGOs managing these
centres.

     A sum of Rs.9.40 lakh has been provided in the
Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011     for this
scheme.

49. EARLY   INTERVENTION   CENTRES                      FOR
    MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN
        The main objective of this scheme started in 2007-
2008, is to identify 50 infants and young children with
Mental Retardation in the age group of 0-6 years in each
district and to provide Early Intervention Services including
detection, identification and suitable training with support,
counseling and training to parents and families to optimize

                             53
their potential in the developmental areas of movement of
children, communication, self development, socialization
and understanding. These Early Intervention Centres have
been established through NGOs.

      A sum of Rs.168.45 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.
50. SHELTERED HOME FOR MENTALLY RETARDED
    GIRLS AGED ABOVE 14 YEARS
       To protect the adult Mentally Retarded girls, aged
above 14 years, the Government offers grant-in-aid to
Non-Governmental Organisations for running sheltered
Homes. Under this Scheme, 4 Homes at Salem,
Thuthukudi, Sivagangai and Vellore Districts have been
sanctioned with a grant of Rs.2.50 lakh per Home per year
for rehabilitating 120 girls at the rate of 30 in each Home.

      A sum of Rs.10.00 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.
51. REGISTRATION       OF                   PSYCHIATRIC
    REHABILITATION CENTRES
     Tamil      Nadu    Registration    of   Psychiatric
Rehabilitation Centres for Mentally ill Persons Rules,
2002, was notified to regulate the Psychiatric


                            54
Rehabilitation Centres for the Mentally ill persons.
Psychiatric Rehabilitation Centres are mandated to
register under these Rules. So far 17 institutions have
been registered. The strict compliance of the Rules will
prevent unqualified Psychiatric Rehabilitation Centres
coming up, besides the Government’s recognition helps
general public to quickly identify standard institutions.

52. HOME FOR THE MENTALLY ILL
       In order to take care of the mentally ill persons, the
Governemnt has established a Home for the mentally ill at
Tirupathur in Vellore District, through an NGO. This Home
has generated social awareness in the society about the
capabilities of the persons with Mental illness. The Home
provides shelter to 25 mentally ill persons.

     A sum of Rs. 9.98 lakh has been provided in the
Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

53. ESTABLISHMENT OF MENTALLY ILL HOMES
      As per the announcement made in the budget
2010-11 that financial support will be provided to voluntary
organizations running rehabilitation homes for the
mentally ill providing them accommodation and medical
counselling, action is taken to establish to Rehabilitation
Homes for the mentally ill persons through NGO’s at

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Chennai,       Cuddalore,      Thiruvaroor,   Thoothukudi,
Ramanathapuram, Coimbatore, Erode, Thiruchirappalli,
Salem and Madurai Districts. This scheme enables 50
mentally ill persons to benefit in each home.

      A sum of Rs. 100.00 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

AWARDS

54. STATE AWARDS
       To encourage persons rendering distinguished
service for the welfare of the differently abled persons, the
following State Awards have been instituted by the
Government and distributed on Independence Day and
International Day for the Differently abled persons:-
      Details of State Awards given on the occasion of
Independence Day are as follows.


S.No.     Name of the Award            Nature of Award
  1     Best Employer Award         10 Grams of Gold
                                    Medal, and Certificate
  2     Best Institution Award      10 Grams of Gold
        (for Best Institution       Medal, Cash Prize of
        serving       Differently   Rs.50,000/-,     and
        abled persons)              Certificate

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3   Best Institution Award      10 Grams of Gold
    (for Best Institution       Medal, Cash Prize of
    serving       differently   Rs.50,000/-      and
    abled women)                Certificate
4   Best Social Worker          10 Grams of Gold
    Award (for outstanding      Medal and Certificate
    work        done    for
    differently      abled
    persons)
5   Best Social Worker          10 Grams of Gold
    Award (for outstanding      Medal and Certificate
    work        done    for
    differently      abled
    women)
6   Best Doctor Award           10 Grams of Gold
                                Medal and Certificate
7   Best Collector Award        10 Grams of Gold
                                Medal, Certificate and
                                Cash      prize      of
                                Rs.25,000/-
8   Best District Differently   10 Grams of Gold
    abled welfare Officer       Medal and Certificate
    Award




                        57
       Details of State Awards given on the occasion of
International Day of the Differently abled (On 3rd
December of every year) are as follows:

S.No.   Name of the Award            Nature of Award
  1     Best Employer Award      10 Grams of Gold Medal
                                 and Certificate
  2     Best Employee Award      10 Grams of Gold Medal
                                 and Certificate
  3     Best Teacher Award       10 Grams of Gold Medal
                                 and Certificate
  4     Best Institution Award   10 Grams of Gold Medal
                                 and Certificate
  5     Lakshmikantham           Certificate and      Cash
        Ammal Award (2 Best      Prize of Rs.1200/-
        Visually Impaired
        Students)


      A sum of Rs. 7.00 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

55. NATIONAL AWARDS
       National Awards are given by the Ministry of Social
Justice and Empowerment, Government of India on the
occasion of International Day of the differently abled
persons, observed on 3rd December every year. The

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Awards are presented to Best Employee, Employer,
Placement Officer, Institution, Individual, Creative person,
Creative Children, Best Role Model, Best Barrier free
environment and New Technological Innovations useful
for the differently abled persons. Every year 70 National
Awards in 12 categories are given by the Ministry of
Social Justice and Empowerment. For the year 2009-
2010, 9 National Awards were won by persons and
Institutions belonging to Tamil Nadu.

56. GOVERNMENT REHABILITATION HOMES
       The concept of Rehabilitation homes for leprosy
affected persons indulging in begging was introduced by
the Government in 1971. Between 1971-72 and 1974-75
a series of 10 Homes were started. These Government
Rehabilitation Homes provide medical assistance and
rehabilitation measures to persons suffering from leprosy
and are functioning in the following places.


Sl       Government Rehabilitation           Established
No.                Home                          on
 1     Paranur, Kancheepuram District         2.10.1971
 2     Ulundurpet, Villupuram District         22.1.1972
 3     Bargur, Krishnagiri District            18.6.1972
 4     Pudukottai, Pudukottai District         7.1.1973
 5     Manaiyeripatti, Thanjavur District      17.2.1973


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  6    Y. Pudupatti, Madurai District          22.4.1973
  7    Mallavadi,Thiruvannamalai                4.7.1973
       District
  8    Selliampatti, Dharmapuri District       19.10.1973
  9    Deviyakurichi, Salem District           23.10.1973
 10    Vinnapalli, Erode District              10.1.1974


       Each Government Rehabilitation Home has a
sanctioned strength of 400 adults and 25 children.
Admission is voluntary after medical confirmation of the
disease. The Government Rehabilitation Home,
Ulundurpet admits leprosy affected persons indulging in
begging and convicted by the Judicial Magistrates. The
patient is admitted along with his or her family members.
Discharge from the Home is either on good health
condition or on good conduct.
       Inmates are provided with free boarding, lodging,
clothing, medical facilities, and recreation facilities. Able
inmates are trained in weaving, cloth weaving, tailoring
and shoe-making. They are paid wages for the goods
produced by them.
      During 2009-10 the feeding charges for adult
inmates have been increased from Rs. 20/- to Rs. 25 per
day. Thus each inmate is supplied diet at a cost of
Rs.25/- per day for adults and Rs.15/- per day for children.
Two sets of clothes are distributed every year along with


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free dhoties and sarees during Pongal festival. Every
year Micro Cellular rubber footwear and mats are
supplied. Plates and tumblers are supplied once in 5
years and blankets are supplied once in 3years. Text
books and Note Books are also given free of cost to the
children of the inmates from 1st Standard to 12th Standard .

       Inmates are given necessary medical assistance.
Required medicines are purchased through Tamil Nadu
Medical Services Corporation. Funds are allotted to each
Home to meet the financial expenditure on the following
items.
                                                Expendi-
                                                   ture
  Sl.
                         Item                    allotted
  No.
                                                    per
                                                 annum
   1.     Supply of Special type of shoes       Rs.1000/-
          and artificial limbs (for Needy
          inmates)
   2.      Purchase of Spectacles               Rs.2000/-
   3.     Tooth Brush and Tooth Powder          Rs.2500/-
   4.     Sports Materials                      Rs.1200/-
   5.     Musical Instruments                    Rs.400/-
   6      Funeral expenses                       Rs.500/-




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      A sum of Rs. 12.00 lakh has been sanctioned to
construct a Modern Kitchen at Government Rehabilitation
Home, Paranur.

      A sum of Rs. 700.28 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.

57. GOVERNMENT CARE CAMP, MELPAKKAM

        The Tamil Nadu Prevention of Beggary Act was
enacted in the year 1945. The Government Care Camp
at Melpakkam was started on 1-3-1954 with a sanctioned
strength of 950 members (Male 770 and Female 180).
The persons convicted by the Judicial Magistrates are
kept in the Home and provided with free boarding,
lodging, clothing, medical facilities. They are also given
training in various trades like weaving, carpentry, pottery
and tailoring.

       Two towels, two sets of shirts and shorts to the
male inmates and two sets of sarees and blouses to the
female inmates are supplied free of cost once in a year.
Apart from this, free dhoties and sarees are supplied on
the Pongal Day. Inmates are provided with mats, bed
sheets, plates and coconut oil. On completion of the



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conviction period, they are sent back to their native
places.

      A sum of Rs.81.32 lakh has been provided in
the Budget Estimate for the year 2010-2011 for this
scheme.



                               M. KARUNANIDHI,
                                  Chief Minister.




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