Appendix B Deprived Wards According to the Indices of Multiple Deprivation (IMD 2007), Hertfordshire has a number of Wards that score highly against the index (the Higher the score, the greater the deprivation as can be seen below in Figure 1. Of these, the top ten scores are, in order: Rank Name of Ward that LSOA Falls Within 1 Northwick Ward 2 Bedwell Ward 3 Borehamwood Cowley Hill Ward 4 Hatfield Central Ward 5 Wormley & Turnford Ward 6 Flamstead End Ward 7 Waltham Cross Ward 8 Waltham Cross Ward 9 Watford Central Ward 10 Hitchin Oughton Ward The Lower Level Super Output Area (LSOA) Northwick Ward has a population of 5470 is in a geographically isolated area close to Watford, but within Three Rivers District known as South Oxhey, which encompasses also parts of the neighbouring wards of Ashridge and Hayling Wards. South Oxhey is a hotspot for the majority of ASB types, it is the main hotspot within the district and County for deliberate fires and as a result also, secondary fires (57 against an average of 9 for the County). The majority of probation orders put in place during the last two years within Three Rivers related to males and the ward with the highest number of orders put in place was Northwick. South Oxhey, is also a hotspot for both fixed and permanent exclusions and for school absenteeism with 80 out of an average 25 for the County. The Ward also has the highest percentage of unemployment in the District (6% compared to the national average of 5.8%). Northwick has the highest percentage (40.1%) of what were council owned properties (now Thrive Homes), followed by Hayling (34.4%) and Ashridge (30.4%). These three wards have approximately 50% of Thrive housing stock located within them and this is because South Oxhey was predominantly council housing when it was built after the second world war, to house people from the east end of London who were bombed out during the Blitz. The reduction in Council owned properties from its original near 100% to the current figure has been due only to people buying their council housing under the Right to Buy Scheme. Little, if any private development of housing stock in the area has taken place since 1946. In terms of crime, South Oxhey has an average of 72 crimes per 1000 population (Northwick 82 per 1000), with the highest levels of violent crime, vehicle crime, criminal damage and drug crime in the District. An overview of crimes per thousand population is at Figure 2. In addition to the points above, as can be seen in the maps at figures 3 to 6, South Oxhey features as highly deprived against measures of Income deprivation, Employment deprivation, Health deprivation and disability, Education skills and training deprivation and for these reasons, together with it’s geographical position, South Oxhey, therefore is a prime candidate for a Think Family intervention. Turning now to Bedwell Ward. Bedwell has a population of 6608 and is an area within Stevenage Town. It encompasses the town centre and main shopping area of Stevenage along with the Leisure Park and these areas border a deprived residential area, which is the home of the majority of Bedwell residents. The ACORN profile for the main postcode in Bedwell shows low to very low scoring for family income, housing and education. In fact the average family income is amongst the lowest in the whole country. Bedwell Ward has the highest number of deliberate fires when compared to any other ward in Hertfordshire (72). Unemployment in Bedwell is 7.2% compared to the national average at just over 5.8%. There are a higher than average number of exclusions in Bedwell (95 compared to an average of 25 across the County) Bedwell is hotspot for crime, with 8% of all crime in the District taking place here and an offence count almost twice as high as any other beat in the area with 342 offences per 1000 residents. Regardless of the method used to establish the ‘hot’ areas, Bedwell is always shown as a problem area. The main problems in the Town centre areas are Thefts from Shops (17%) and Violent Crime (Other Wounding and Harassment 18%), with the latter being affected by the night time economy in the town; however, looking outside of this town centre area and into the residential areas of Bedwell, the picture changes somewhat, although Violent Crime is still prevalent. It has been inferred that the night time economy may also be relevant here as local revellers make their way away from the town centre at the end of an evening and through the residential areas. Notwithstanding the effects of the proximity to the town centre and leisure park, the number of offences per 1000 population with the offences in these parts of the Ward removed, is still alarmingly high and much of the violent crime and criminal damage spills over into the residential areas and adds to the higher than average levels of burglary dwelling. In addition to the points above, as can be seen in the maps at figures 3 to 6, Bedwell features as highly deprived against measures of Income deprivation, Employment deprivation, Health deprivation and disability, Education skills and training deprivation and for these reasons Bedwell is a prime candidate for a Think Family intervention. Next in the rankings is Borehamwood Cowley Hill Ward. Cowley Hill is in Hertsmere District, is mainly a residential area and has a population of 8165, with the majority of people (37%) living in rented social housing. 4.5% of people live in local authority owned housing. The area has a high level of deprivation and all every measure shows increased levels of deprivation over the period 2004 - 2007. There is a higher than national average number of people claiming job seekers allowance (6.7%, compared to 5.8% nationally). Apart from the residential area, Cowley Hill also encompasses some of Shenley Road and Elstree Way, where the Council offices are located. There are 2 park areas, Meadow Park and playing fields off Torworth Road. There are local shops in Leeming Road. This area is the main problem location for crime and disorder, with theft & rowdy behaviour having the highest number of crimes/incidents. Unemployment in Cowley Hill is at 6.7% compared to the national average of 5.8%. Cowley Hill has a higher than average number of deliberate fires (80 of average 9 for the County). Cowley Hill is a hotspot location for all crime, particularly in the area around the Leeming Road and this hotspot was also the same for ASB incidents. This area has been identified as a long term hotspot for crime and ASB. Over 50% of offenders in Cowley Hill are White European males, and the hotspot for residence for those offenders is Leeming Road and Gateshead Road. There are 80 crimes per 1000 residents in Cowley Hill and there are particular problems around ASB a breakdown of crimes is at Figure 2. In addition to the points above, as can be seen in the maps at figures 3 to 6, Cowley Hill features as highly deprived against measures of Income deprivation, Employment deprivation, Health deprivation and disability, Education skills and training deprivation and for these reasons, together with it’s geographical position in that a centre here will be able to serve a wider area, Cowley Hill is a prime candidate for a Think Family intervention. Hatfield Central Ward has the position of fourth most deprived ward within Hertfordshire and may be a candidate for consideration; however, there are already a considerable number of interventions in hand in this ward including a regeneration plan. Additionally, the geographical proximity of this ward to nearby service offerings makes this ward less suitable for consideration within this pilot. Turning lastly to the consider Wormley and Turnford, Flamstead End and Waltham Cross Wards. These wards are in order the next most deprived in the County. They are geographically close together and could be served by one centre. Suitable premises are at a premium in the area, but a centre has been identified at Holdbrook in Waltham Cross, consequently this ward merits consideration as a centre here could serve these three Wards but with a primary focus on the very deprived Holdbrook Estate, which has a high population density with the majority of housing identified as blocks of flats, there are also shops below these flats that attract crime. The ACORN profile on this area reveals low to very low scores for family income, housing and education. Unemployment is reported to be twice the national average. Waltham cross has a higher than average level of exclusions with the 66 against a County average of 25 and the number of deliberate fires running at 15 against an average of 9. The nearby wards of Wormley and Turnford and Flamstead End have 15 and 14 respectively. The location is close to Waltham Abbey and the Metropolitan Police area and so has Offenders travelling from both areas to commit crime. There are also a number of known nominal’s who live in this estate who are also thought to be committing crime in this area. Crime problems here are exacerbated by the impact of bordering London and the travel of offenders into the town. This Ward also borders the location planned to hold one of the venues for the Olympic Games in 2012 and will therefore see an increased transient population in coming months. Crime can be expected to increase as this venue develops. There are currently a very high number – 170 crimes per 1000 population in this Ward. Waltham Cross, and in particular the Holbrook Estate has a higher than average level of Domestic Violence, second only to Bedwell Ward in the County and a higher than average level of ASB. (See Figure 2). In addition to the points above, as can be seen in the maps at figures 3 to 6, Waltham Cross and nearby wards of Wormley and Turnford and Flamstead End feature as highly deprived against measures of Income deprivation, Employment deprivation, Health deprivation and disability, Education skills and training deprivation and for these reasons, together with it’s geographical position in that a centre here will be able to serve a wider area, the Holdbrook Estate is a prime candidate for a Think Family intervention Prepared by Steve Dalzell Figure 1 Indices of Multiple Deprivation Hertfordshire. Alcohol All DV Dom Robbery ASB Population related Crimes crimes Burglary per incidents ('000s) crimes per per 1000 per 1000 per 100 1000 per 1000 1000 Hertfordshire 1066.122 71.429 3.826 6.984 4.661 0.711 72.892 Bedwell Ward (E1A beat) 6.608 342.766 16.041 69.159 8.240 3.626 247.730 Waltham Cross Ward (K2D beat - includes the Holbrook housing 6.762 170.364 10.352 13.162 6.803 5.620 124.224 estate) Cowley Hill Ward (J1E beat) 8.165 80.955 7.838 9.430 4.409 0.857 125.781 South Oxhey (covers Hayling, Northwick & Ashbridge 12.373 72.092 5.819 7.112 4.688 0.485 95.531 Wards/C3B, C3E & C3F beats) Population figures from ONS: mid-2007 estimates for current Wards Crimes/incidents from NMIS: run on 22/09/09 Figure 2 - Crimes per 1000 Population. Figure 3. Figure 4. Figure 5. Figure 6.