Occupational Safety and Health Standards

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					Occupational Safety and
   Health Standards




      Dr. David Gold
         SafeWork
       ILO, Geneva
                           Conventions and
                          Recommendations

• Development and implementation of international
  standards on labour and social matters is a key function
  of the International Labour Organization
• Standards take the form of Conventions and
  Recommendations.
• More than 70 address occupational safety and health
  matters.
                                          Conventions
• Conventions are comparable to multilateral international
  treaties:
   – they are open to ratification by member States
   – once ratified, create specific, binding obligations.
• A State that has ratified a Convention is expected to
  apply its provisions by legislation or by other appropriate
  means
• The Government is required to report regularly on the
  application of ratified Conventions.
• Conventions that have not been ratified have the same
  value as Recommendations.
                             Recommendations
• Recommendations offer guidelines for action.
• A Recommendation may elaborate upon the provisions
  of a Convention.
• Member States procedural obligations
   – to submit to legislative bodies
   – to report on the action resulting and to report occasionally
     at the request of the Governing Body
• There are no specific substantive obligations
      Summary on Conventions and
               Recommendations

• Both influence laws and regulations of member States.
• Many texts have been modeled on the relevant
  provisions of ILO instruments
• Drafts of new legislation or amendments are often
  prepared with ILO standards in mind so as to ensure
  compliance with ratified Conventions or to permit the
  ratification of other Conventions
    Four categories of occupational
        safety and health standards


•   Guiding policies for action.
•   Protection in given branches of economic activity.
•   Protection against specific risks.
•   Measures of protection.
The Occupational Safety and Health Convention,
    1981 No. 155 and Recommendation No. 164.


• Progressive application of comprehensive preventive
  measures /
• Adoption of a coherent national policy on occupational
  safety and health.
• The responsibility of employers for making work and
  equipment safe and without risk to health
• The duties and rights of workers.
  The Occupational Health Services Convention,
  1985 (No.161) and Recommendation (No. 171).


• Occupational health services
   – preventive functions
   – responsible for advising employers, workers and their
     representatives on maintaining a safe and health working
     environment,
   – adaptation of work to the capabilities of workers.
• Emphasis
   – roles
   – best use of resources and cooperation
               Group work

• Form two groups
   – Convention 155
• Decide on a chairperson and a
  reporter.
• Based on the Convention, develop
  a list of the most important steps to
  implement the provisions of the
  Convention on a national basis.
• Be prepared to present and defend
  your work.
              Contact information


Dr. David Gold
Senior Occupational Safety and Health Education
and Training Officer
SafeWork
International Labour Office
1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland
Tel +41-22-366-0609
Internet gold@ilo.org