Termite and other structural pest control training manual

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Termite and other structural pest control training manual Powered By Docstoc
					                                                    Table of Contents

                                                              Page No.                                                                              Page No.
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5          Treatment of Existing Termite Infestations . .26
                                                                                        Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Termites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5             Slab-on-Ground Houses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
   Subterranean Termites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6                     Structures With Ducts in the Slab . . . . . . . . . . .28
   Drywood Termites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10                     Raised Cement Porches, Terraces, Entrance 

   Dampwood Termites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12                         Slabs, Sidewalks and Driveways . . . . . . . . . .28
   Formosan Termites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12                    Crawl Space Houses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
                                                                                        Basement Houses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Pesticides for Termite Control . . . . . . . . . . . . .13                              Foundations With Holes, Cracks, Voids or 

   Pyrethroids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13                 of Stone or Rubble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
   Borates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13            Multiple Brick, Concrete Blocks, 

   Organophosphates and Carbamates . . . . . . . . . .13                                   Hollow Tile, Etc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
   Nicotinoids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14              Houses With Wells, Cisterns, Springs, High 

   Pyrrols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14               Water Table or Near Ponds, Lakes 

   Fiproles (or Phenylpyrazoles) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14                           or Streams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30
   Insect Growth Regulators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14                       Treatment Odors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
   Biological Agents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
                                                                                     Application Equipment and Calibration . . . . .32
Bait Technology and Application . . . . . . . . . . .15                                Termite Application Equipment . . . . . . . . .32
   Commercial Bating Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15                              Components of Sprayers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32
                                                                                           Foaming Agents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
Preventing Termite Damage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17                              Calibration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34
   Construction Practices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17                                Sample Calibration Problems . . . . . . . . . . .35
      Building Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
      Wall and Pier (Crawl-Space) Foundations . .17                                  Wood-Boring Beetles and Wasps . . . . . . . . . .39
      Raised Porches and Terraces of Concrete
                                         Lyctid Powderpost Beetles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
         or Masonry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18                  Anobiid Beetles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
      Clearance Between Wood and Soil . . . . . . .18                                  Bostrichid Powderpost Beetles . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
      Metal Termite Shields . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18                        Other Wood-Inhabiting Insects . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
      Ventilation Beneath Buildings . . . . . . . . . . .19
      Exterior Woodwork . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19                      Other Wood-Destroying Insects . . . . . . . . . . . .43
      Wood Used in Basements . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19                              Carpenter Ants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
      Girders, Sills and Joists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20                       Carpenter Bees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
      Water Pipes and Conduits . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
      Concrete Slab-on-Ground Construction . . .20                                   Wood-Inhabiting Fungi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
      Chemically Treated Woods . . . . . . . . . . . . .21                             Surface Fungi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
                                                                                       Staining Fungi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
Termiticide Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22                       Decay Fungi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45
   Termite Treatment During Construction .22                                           Other Plant Growth Affecting Wood . . . . . . . . .46
       Factors Affecting Termiticide Application . .22                                 Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
       Methods of Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
       Slab-on-Ground Buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23                        Selected References and Study Material . . . .48
       Horizontal Barriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
       Vertical Barriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24               Glossary          . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
       Hollow Block Foundation/Voids in

          Masonry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
       Crawl Space Houses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
       Mechanical Alterations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
       Soil Treatments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24

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