Louisiana 2004 Caring Communities Youth Survey Report For by qza17959

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									         Louisiana 2004
Caring Communities Youth Survey
           Report For
       Zachary Community




        SURVEY AND REPORTS PROVIDED BY:
    LOUISIANA OFFICE FOR ADDICTIVE DISORDERS

        This report was prepared for the State of Louisiana by:
                           Bach Harrison, L.L.C.
                            116 South 500 East
                          Salt Lake City, UT 84102
                               (801) 359-2064
                  TABLE OF CONTENTS, CHARTS AND TABLES

Introduction …………………………………………………………………………..… 3
  The Risk and Protective Factor Model of Prevention
  Table 1: Characteristics of Participants

How to Read the Charts and Tables in this Report……………………………… 4
  Substance Use and Antisocial Behavior Charts
  Risk and Protective Factor Charts
  No Child Left Behind Profiles

Charts ……………………. ……………………………………………………............ 6
  ATOD Use and Antisocial Behavior, Grades 10 and 12
  Risk Profile, Grades 10 and 12
  No Child Left Behind Profile, Grades 10 and 12
  No Child Left Behind Profile, Grades 10 and 12

Risk and Protective Factor Scale Definitions…………………………………….. 14
  Table 2

How to Use This Information…………………………………………………………. 16

Additional Data Tables…………………………………..…………………………….. 17

  Parish Data
  Table 3: Number of Students who Completed the Survey
  Table 4: Percentage of Students who Used ATODs During their Lifetime
  Table 5: Percentage of Students who Used ATODs During the Past 30 Days
  Table 6: Percentage of Students with Heavy Use of Alcohol and Cigarettes
  Table 7: Percentage of Students with Antisocial Behavior in the Past Year
  Table 8: Percentage of Students Reporting Risk
  Table 9: Percentage of Students Reporting Protection
  Table 10: Average Age of first ATOD use and Antisocial Behavior
  Table 11: Percentage of Students Reporting Violent Behavior

  Statewide Data
  Table 12: Percentage of Students in Louisiana who Completed the Survey
  Table 13: Percentage of Students in Louisiana who Used ATODs During Their Lifetime
  Table 14: Percentage of Students in Louisiana who Used ATODs During the Past 30 Days
  Table 15: Percentage of Students in Louisiana with Heavy Use of Alcohol and Cigarettes
  Table 16: Percentage of Students in Louisiana with Antisocial Behavior in the Past Year
  Table 17: Percentage of Students in Louisiana Reporting Risk
  Table 18: Percentage of Students in Louisiana Reporting Protection
  Table 19: Average Age of first ATOD use and Antisocial Behavior of Students in Louisiana
  Table 20: Percentage of Students in Louisiana Reporting Violent Behavior

Contacts for Prevention ……………………………………………………………… 27



                                            2
INTRODUCTION

The 2004 Louisiana Caring Communities Youth Survey
    This report summarizes findings from the Louisiana Caring Communities Youth Survey (CCYS), a
survey of 6th, 8th, 10th and 12th grade school students, conducted in the Fall of 2004. The survey was
                                                                                          designed       to     assess
                      Table 1. Characteristics of Participants                            adolescent substance use,
  Student Totals                                                         2004             antisocial behavior, and the
                                                              Number          Percent     risk and protective factors
                                                                      308            100  that      predict      these
  Grade                                                                                   behaviors. In this report,
  10                                                                  143           46.4  the results are presented
  12                                                                  165           53.6  for each grade along with
  Gender                                                                                  comparisons to the results
  Male                                                                130           42.2  from the 2001 and 2002
  Female                                                              174           56.5  surveys. The 2001 survey
  Ethnicity                                                                               was administered in the
  White                                                               201           61.7  Spring to students who
  African American                                                      95          29.1  would      have    normally
  Native American                                                        6            1.8 completed the survey in
  Hispanic                                                              14            4.3
                                                                                          the Fall of 2000. Thus, the
  Asian
                                                                                          survey has been admin-
                                                                         0            0.0
  Pacific Islander                                                       2            0.6
                                                                                          istered every two years to
                                                                                          students in grades 6, 8, 10
  * Previous surveys combined categories 'Asian' and 'Pacific Islander'
                                                                                          and 12. Table 1 contains
characteristics of the students who completed the survey in your area in 2001, 2002, and 2004. The
number of students who completed the survey statewide in each grade can be seen in Table 12.

The Risk and Protective Factor Model of Prevention

    Risk factors are characteristics of school, community, and family environments, as well as
characteristics of students and their peer groups that are known to predict increased likelihood of drug
use, delinquency, school dropout, teen pregnancy, and violent behavior among youth. Dr. J. David
Hawkins, Dr. Richard F. Catalano, and their colleagues at the University of Washington, Social
Development Research Group have investigated the relationship between risk and protective factors and
youth problem behavior. For example, they have found that children who live in families with high levels
of conflict are more likely to become involved in problem behaviors such as delinquency and drug use
than children who live in families with low levels of family conflict.

    Protective factors exert a positive influence or buffer against the negative influence of risk, thus
reducing the likelihood that adolescents will engage in problem behaviors. Protective factors identified
through research reviewed by Drs. Hawkins and Catalano include social bonding to family, school,
community and peers; healthy beliefs and clear standards for behavior; and individual characteristics. For
bonding to serve as a protective influence, it must occur through involvement with peers and adults who
communicate healthy values and set clear standards for behavior.




                                                          3
     Research on risk and protective factors has important implications for prevention efforts. The premise
of the risk and protective factor model is that in order to promote positive youth development and prevent
problem behaviors, it is necessary to address those factors that predict the problem behaviors. By
measuring risk and protective factors in a population, prevention programs can be implemented that will
reduce the elevated risk factors and increase the protective factors. For example, if academic failure is
identified as an elevated risk factor in a community, then mentoring, tutoring, and increased opportunities
and rewards for classroom participation can be provided to improve academic performance.

 HOW TO READ THE CHARTS AND TABLES IN THIS REPORT
         There are four types of charts presented in this report: 1) substance use and antisocial behavior
charts, 2) risk factor charts, 3) protective factor charts, and 4) no child left behind profiles. All the charts
show the results of the 2001, 2002, and 2004 Caring Communities Youth Survey for your school
compared to the overall 2004 State data. The actual percentages from the charts are presented in Tables 3
through 20 at the end of this report.

Substance Use and Antisocial Behavior Charts

    This report contains information about alcohol, tobacco and other drug use (referred to as ATOD use
throughout this report) and other problem behaviors of students. The bars on each chart represent the
percentage of students in that grade who reported the behavior. For example, approximately 52% of
students in the eighth grade reported that they ‘ever used alcohol'. This means that 52% of the students
reported that they had tried alcohol at least once in their lifetime.

    1. The four sections in the charts represent different types of problem behaviors. Definitions of the
       four problem behaviors are provided below.

            •    Ever-used is a measure of the percentage of students who tried the particular substance at
                 least once in their lifetime and is used to show the level of experimentation with a
                 particular substance.

            •    30-day use is a measure of the percentage of students who used the substance at least
                 once in the 30 days prior to taking the survey and is a more sensitive indication of the
                 level of current use of the substance.

            •    Binge drinking (five or more drinks in a row during the two weeks prior to the survey)
                 and Regular Cigarette Use (these youth answered, Regularly Now, to the question,
                 Have you ever smoked cigarettes?) are measures of heavy use of alcohol and tobacco.

            •    Antisocial behavior (ASB) is a measure of the percentage of students who report any
                 involvement with the eight antisocial behaviors listed in the charts in the past year. In
                 the charts, antisocial behavior will often be abbreviated as ASB.

    2. The state average dot on the charts shows the percentage of students in the same grade in the
       statewide sample who reported the noted behavior. This information is helpful in determining
       how serious a given level of reported behavior is; if your score is significantly higher than the
       state comparision, it is most likely an issue of concern.




                                                       4
Risk and Protective Factor Charts

    In order to make the results of the 2004 CCYS more useable, risk and protective profiles were
developed that show the percentage of youth at risk and the percentage of youth with protection on each
scale. The profiles will allow comparisons between the results from the 2001, 2002, and 2004 surveys on
the percentage of youth at risk and the percentage with protection. Each profile also provides a
comparison between your score and the 2004 state score. The students’ reported experience of risk and
protection measured by the CCYS are shown by grade, starting on page 6. The factors are grouped into 4
domains: community, family, school and individuals and their peer group (peer-individual). Information
about how to read the risk and protective factor charts are listed below.

    1. Each bar represents the percent of students in the grade who reported ‘elevated risk’ or ‘elevated
       protection’ on the noted factor.

    2. Scanning across these charts, you can easily determine which factors are most (or least) prevalent,
       thus identifying which are the factors most important for your community to address.

    3. Dots are used on the charts to show the overall Louisiana state average of all of the youth in each
       grade who participated in the survey. A comparison to the statewide sample provides additional
       information for your community in determining the relative importance of each risk or protective
       factor level. Scanning across the charts, you can easily determine which factors are most (or least)
       prevalent for your community. This is the first step in identifying the levels of risk and protection
       that are operating in your community and which factors your community may choose to address.

    4. A dashed line on each risk and protective factor chart represents the percentage of youth at risk or
       with protection for the seven state sample. The seven states included in the norm group were
       Colorado, Ilinois, Kansas, Maine, Oregon, Utah, and Washington. This gives you a comparison to
       a more national sample.

    5. Brief definitions of the risk and protective factors are provided in Table 2. For more information
       about risk and protective factors, please refer to the resources listed on the last page of this report.

    6. Actual percentages from the risk and protective factor charts are provided in the data tables at the
       end of this report.

No Child Left Behind Profiles

     The No Child Left Behind Profiles contain the percentage of students who report that it is “a little bit
wrong” or “not wrong at all” to take a handgun to school, pick a fight with someone, attack someone with
the idea of seriously hurting them, think it is cool to carry a handgun, and whose parents would think it
was “a little bit wrong” or “not wrong at all” for them to pick a fight with someone. The second No Child
Left Behind Profile contains the average age of first use of marijuana, cigarettes, alcohol, and regular
alcohol use as well as the average age of engaging in the antisocial behaviors of school suspension, being
arrested, carrying a gun, attacking someone to seriously hurt them, and belonging to a gang. As with the
ATOD use rates and levels of risk and protection, the percentages from the No Child Left Behind Profiles
are provided in the data tables at the end of this report.




                                                      5
                                                                                                                                Percentage (%)




                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                 10
                                                                                                                      20
                                                                                                                           30
                                                                                                                                40
                                                                                                                                      50
                                                                                                                                           60
                                                                                                                                                 70
                                                                                                                                                      80
                                                                                                                                                                   90
                                                                                                                                                                                         100
                                                                                                  Alcohol

                                                                                               Cigarettes

                                                                                        Chewing Tobacco




    *New Measure in 2004
                                                                                                Marijuana

                                                                                                Inhalants

                                                                                           Hallucinogens

                                                                                                  Cocaine
                                                                                                                                                                                           Ever Used




                                                                                             **Stimulants

                                                                                               *Sedatives

                                                                                  *Heroin or Other Opiates

                                                                                                 *Ecstasy

                                                                                                  Alcohol

                                                                                               Cigarettes

                                                                                        Chewing Tobacco




    **In previous years the stimulant category only contained Methamphetamines.
                                                                                                Marijuana

                                                                                                Inhalants




6
                                                                                           Hallucinogens

                                                                                                  Cocaine
                                                                                                                                                                                           30 Day Use




                                                                                             **Stimulants

                                                                                               *Sedatives

                                                                                  *Heroin or Other Opiates

                                                                                                 *Ecstasy

                                                                                           Binge Drinking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ATOD USE AND ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR




                                                                                    Regular Cigarette Use
                                                                                                                                                                                           Heavy Use




                                                                                  Suspended from School
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Zachary Community 2004 Student Survey, Grade 10




                                                                                  Drunk or High at School

                                                                                        Sold Illegal Drugs

                                                                                          Stolen a Vehicle

                                                                                            Been Arrested

                                                                                         Attacked to Harm

                                                                                       Carried a Handgun
                                                                                                                                                                           Parish 2004




                                                                                       Handgun to School
                                                                                                                                                           LA State 2004
                                                                                                                                                                                           Antisocial Behavior Past Year




                                                                                         Attended a Rave
                                                                                                                                Percentage (%)




                                                                                                             0
                                                                                                                 10
                                                                                                                      20
                                                                                                                           30
                                                                                                                                40
                                                                                                                                      50
                                                                                                                                           60
                                                                                                                                                 70
                                                                                                                                                      80
                                                                                                                                                                   90
                                                                                                                                                                                         100
                                                                                                  Alcohol

                                                                                               Cigarettes

                                                                                        Chewing Tobacco




    *New Measure in 2004
                                                                                                Marijuana

                                                                                                Inhalants

                                                                                           Hallucinogens

                                                                                                  Cocaine
                                                                                                                                                                                           Ever Used




                                                                                             **Stimulants

                                                                                               *Sedatives

                                                                                  *Heroin or Other Opiates

                                                                                                 *Ecstasy

                                                                                                  Alcohol

                                                                                               Cigarettes

                                                                                        Chewing Tobacco




    **In previous years the stimulant category only contained Methamphetamines.
                                                                                                Marijuana

                                                                                                Inhalants




7
                                                                                           Hallucinogens

                                                                                                  Cocaine
                                                                                                                                                                                           30 Day Use




                                                                                             **Stimulants

                                                                                               *Sedatives

                                                                                  *Heroin or Other Opiates

                                                                                                 *Ecstasy

                                                                                           Binge Drinking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ATOD USE AND ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR




                                                                                    Regular Cigarette Use
                                                                                                                                                                                           Heavy Use




                                                                                  Suspended from School
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Zachary Community 2004 Student Survey, Grade 12




                                                                                  Drunk or High at School

                                                                                        Sold Illegal Drugs

                                                                                          Stolen a Vehicle

                                                                                            Been Arrested

                                                                                         Attacked to Harm

                                                                                       Carried a Handgun
                                                                                                                                                                           Parish 2004




                                                                                       Handgun to School
                                                                                                                                                           LA State 2004
                                                                                                                                                                                           Antisocial Behavior Past Year




                                                                                         Attended a Rave
                                                                             Percentage of Youth at Risk




                                                               0
                                                                   10
                                                                        20
                                                                              30
                                                                                   40
                                                                                         50
                                                                                               60
                                                                                                    70
                                                                                                           80
                                                                                                                               90
                                                                                                                                                             100
                            Low Neighborhood Attachment

                               Community Disorganization




    *New Scale in 2004
                                     Transitions & Mobility

                            Laws & Norms Favor Drug Use
                                                                                                                                                               Community




                             Perceived Availability of Drugs

                         Perceived Availability of Handguns

                                  Poor Family Management

                                            Family Conflict

                             History of Antisocial Behavior
                                                                                                                                                               Family




                         Parent Attitudes Favorable to ASB

                           Parent Attitudes Favor Drug Use

                                          Academic Failure




8
                                                                                                                                                               School




                               Low Commitment to School

                                            Rebelliousness
                                                                                                                                                                                                  RISK PROFILE




                                     Early Initiation of ASB

                                Early Initiation of Drug Use

                                Attitudes Favorable to ASB

                           Attitudes Favorable to Drug Use

                                  *Intention to Use ATOD's
                                                                                                                                                                                   Zachary Community 2004 Student Survey, Grade 10




                                Perceived Risk of Drug Use
                                                                                                                                                               Peer / Individual




                           Interaction with Antisocial Peers

                                     Friend's Use of Drugs

                                         Sensation Seeking

                                          Rewards for ASB
                                                                                                                                               Parish 2004


                                                                                                                7 State Norm




                                         Gang Involvement
                                                                                                                               LA State 2004
                                                          Percentage of Youth with Protective Factor




                                                 0
                                                     10
                                                          20
                                                                30
                                                                       40
                                                                             50
                                                                                    60
                                                                                           70
                                                                                                  80
                                                                                                                  90
                                                                                                                                                    100
                            Opportunities for
                                Prosocial




    *New Scale in 2004
                              involvement



                                 Rewards for
                                                                                                                                                      Community




                                   Prosocial
                                 Involvement




                           Family Attachment
                                                                                                                                                      Family




                            Opportunities for
                                Prosocial
                              Involvement



                                 Rewards for
                                   Prosocial
                                 Involvement




9
                                                                                                                                                      School




                           Opportunities for
                         Prosocial Involvment
                                                                                                                                                                                     PROTECTIVE PROFILE




                                 Rewards for
                                   Prosocial
                                 Involvement




                                  *Religiosity
                                                                                                                                                                          Zachary Community 2004 Student Survey, Grade 10
                                                                                                                                                      Peer / Individual




                                 Social Skills




                           Belief in the Moral
                                  Order
                                                                                                                                      Parish 2004


                                                                                                       7 State Norm
                                                                                                                      LA State 2004
                                                                              Percentage of Youth at Risk




                                                                0
                                                                    10
                                                                         20
                                                                               30
                                                                                     40
                                                                                          50
                                                                                                60
                                                                                                     70
                                                                                                            80
                                                                                                                                90
                                                                                                                                                              100
                             Low Neighborhood Attachment

                                Community Disorganization




     *New Scale in 2004
                                      Transitions & Mobility

                             Laws & Norms Favor Drug Use
                                                                                                                                                                Community




                             Perceived Availability of Drugs

                          Perceived Availability of Handguns

                                  Poor Family Management

                                             Family Conflict

                              History of Antisocial Behavior
                                                                                                                                                                Family




                          Parent Attitudes Favorable to ASB

                            Parent Attitudes Favor Drug Use

                                          Academic Failure




10
                                                                                                                                                                School




                                Low Commitment to School

                                            Rebelliousness
                                                                                                                                                                                                   RISK PROFILE




                                      Early Initiation of ASB

                                 Early Initiation of Drug Use

                                 Attitudes Favorable to ASB

                            Attitudes Favorable to Drug Use

                                   *Intention to Use ATOD's
                                                                                                                                                                                    Zachary Community 2004 Student Survey, Grade 12




                                Perceived Risk of Drug Use
                                                                                                                                                                Peer / Individual




                           Interaction with Antisocial Peers

                                      Friend's Use of Drugs

                                         Sensation Seeking

                                          Rewards for ASB
                                                                                                                                                Parish 2004


                                                                                                                 7 State Norm




                                          Gang Involvement
                                                                                                                                LA State 2004
                                                           Percentage of Youth with Protective Factor




                                                  0
                                                      10
                                                           20
                                                                 30
                                                                        40
                                                                               50
                                                                                      60
                                                                                             70
                                                                                                    80
                                                                                                                   90
                                                                                                                                                      100
                             Opportunities for
                                 Prosocial




     *New Scale in 2004
                               involvement



                                 Rewards for
                                                                                                                                                        Community




                                   Prosocial
                                 Involvement




                            Family Attachment
                                                                                                                                                        Family




                             Opportunities for
                                 Prosocial
                               Involvement



                                 Rewards for
                                   Prosocial
                                 Involvement




11
                                                                                                                                                        School




                            Opportunities for
                          Prosocial Involvment
                                                                                                                                                                                       PROTECTIVE PROFILE




                                 Rewards for
                                   Prosocial
                                 Involvement




                                   *Religiosity
                                                                                                                                                                            Zachary Community 2004 Student Survey, Grade 12
                                                                                                                                                        Peer / Individual




                                  Social Skills




                            Belief in the Moral
                                  Order
                                                                                                                                        Parish 2004


                                                                                                         7 State Norm
                                                                                                                        LA State 2004
                                                                                        PERCENTAGE OF STUDENTS REPORTING VIOLENT BEHAVIOR
                                                                                            Zachary Community 2004 Student Survey, Grade 10
                                                                                                                       Youth                                Peers                           Parents
                                                                50
                                                                                                                                                                                              Parish 2004
Percentage Reporting "A Little Bit Wrong or Not Wrong at All"




                                                                45
                                                                                                                                                                                              LA State 2004

                                                                40
           (except for cool if carried a handgun)




                                                                35


                                                                30


                                                                25


                                                                20


                                                                15


                                                                10


                                                                5


                                                                0
                                                                                                                                   Attack to Hurt




                                                                                                                                                        Good Chance Seen as
                                                                     Take Handgun to




                                                                                                               Pick a Fight with




                                                                                                                                                                                       Wrong for You to Pick
                                                                                                                                     Someone




                                                                                                                                                          Cool if Carried a




                                                                                                                                                                                         Parents Believe
                                                                                                                  Someone
                                                                         School




                                                                                                                                                             Handgun




                                                                                                                                                                                              a Fight
                                                                                       AVERAGE AGE OF FIRST ATOD USE AND ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR
                                                                                            Zachary Community 2004 Student Survey, Grade 10
                                                                                       Age of first ATOD Use                                        Age of first Antisocial Behavior




                                                                                                                                   12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Percentage Reporting "A Little Bit Wrong or Not Wrong at All"
                                           Average Age                                                                                                                                                                                    (except for cool if carried a handgun)




                           0
                               2
                                   4
                                       6
                                           8
                                               10
                                                         12
                                                              14
                                                                   16
                                                                             18
                                                                                                      20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     20
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            25
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   30
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          35
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 40
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             45
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     50
              Marijuana

                                                                                                                                                                                                      Take Handgun to
                                                                                                                                                                                                          School


             Cigarettes




            Alcohol Use




                                                                                                       Age of first ATOD Use
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Pick a Fight with
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Someone
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Youth




     Regular Alcohol Use




                                                                                                                                                                                                         Attack to Hurt




13
     School Suspension
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Someone




          Been Arrested



                                                                                                                                                                                                  Good Chance Seen as
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Cool if Carried a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Peers




           Carried a Gun                                                                                                                                                                               Handgun
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Zachary Community 2004 Student Survey, Grade 12




                                                                                                                                               Zachary Community 2004 Student Survey, Grade 12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    PERCENTAGE OF STUDENTS REPORTING VIOLENT BEHAVIOR




       Attacked to Harm
                                                                                                                                          AVERAGE AGE OF FIRST ATOD USE AND ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIOR

                                                                                                       Age of first Antisocial Behavior




                                                                                                                                                                                                    Parents Believe
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Wrong for You to Pick
                                                                                                                                                                                                         a Fight
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Parents




     Belonged to a Gang
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Parish 2004




                                                                                        Parish 2004
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       LA State 2004




                                                                        LA State 2004
Table 2. Risk and Protective Factor Scale Definitions
                                          Community Domain Risk Factors
Community and          Neighborhoods with high rates of residential mobility have been shown to have higher rates of
Personal Transitions & juvenile crime and drug selling, while children who experience frequent residential moves and
Mobility               stressful life transitions have been shown to have higher risk for school failure, delinquency,
                       and drug use.
Community                Research has shown that neighborhoods with high population density, lack of natural
Disorganization          surveillance of public places, physical deterioration, and high rates of adult crime also have
                         higher rates of juvenile crime and drug selling.
Low Neighborhood         A low level of bonding to the neighborhood is related to higher levels of juvenile crime and drug
Attachment               selling.
Laws and Norms           Research has shown that legal restrictions on alcohol and tobacco use, such as raising the
Favorable Toward Drug    legal drinking age, restricting smoking in public places, and increased taxation have been
Use                      followed by decreases in consumption. Moreover, national surveys of high school seniors have
                         shown that shifts in normative attitudes toward drug use have preceded changes in prevalence
                         of use.
Perceived Availability   The availability of cigarettes, alcohol, marijuana, and other illegal drugs has been related to the
of Drugs and             use of these substances by adolescents. The availability of handguns is also related to a
Handguns                 higher risk of crime and substance use by adolescents.

                                       Community Domain Protective Factors
Opportunities for        When opportunities are available in a community for positive participation, children are less
Prosocial Involvement    likely to engage in substance use and other problem behaviors.
Rewards for Prosocial    Rewards for positive participation in activities helps children bond to the community, thus
Involvement              lowering their risk for substance use.

                                            Family Domain Risk Factors
Family History of        When children are raised in a family with a history of problem behaviors (e.g., violence or
Antisocial Behavior      ATOD use), the children are more likely to engage in these behaviors.
Family Conflict          Children raised in families high in conflict, whether or not the child is directly involved in the
                         conflict, appear at risk for both delinquency and drug use.
Parental Attitudes       In families where parents use illegal drugs, are heavy users of alcohol, or are tolerant of
Favorable Toward         children’s use, children are more likely to become drug abusers during adolescence. The risk
Antisocial Behavior &    is further increased if parents involve children in their own drug (or alcohol) using behavior, for
Drugs                    example, asking the child to light the parent’s cigarette or get the parent a beer from the
                         refrigerator.
Poor Family              Parents’ use of inconsistent and/or unusually harsh or severe punishment with their children
Management               places them at higher risk for substance use and other problem behaviors. Also, Parents’ failure
                         to provide clear expectations and to monitor their children’s behavior makes it more likely that
                         they will engage in drug abuse whether or not there are family drug problems.
                                           Family Domain Protective Factors
Family Attachment        Young people who feel that they are a valued part of their family are less likely to engage in
                         substance use and other problem behaviors.
Opportunities for        Young people who are exposed to more opportunities to participate meaningfully in the
Prosocial Involvement    responsibilities and activities of the family are less likely to engage in drug use and other
                         problem behaviors.
Rewards for Prosocial    When parents, siblings, and other family members praise, encourage, and attend to things
Involvement              done well by their child, children are less likely to engage in substance use and problem
                         behaviors.

                                             School Domain Risk Factors
Academic Failure         Beginning in the late elementary grades (grades 4-6) academic failure increases the risk of both
                         drug abuse and delinquency. It appears that the experience of failure itself, for whatever
                         reasons, increases the risk of problem behaviors.




                                                          14
Table 2. Risk and Protective Factor Scale Definitions (Continued)
Low Commitment to        Surveys of high school seniors have shown that the use of hallucinogens, cocaine, heroin,
School                   stimulants, and sedatives or non-medically prescribed tranquilizers is significantly lower among
                         students who expect to attend college than among those who do not. Factors such as liking
                         school, spending time on homework, and perceiving the coursework as relevant are also
                         negatively related to drug use.

                                         School Domain Protective Factors
Opportunities for        When young people are given more opportunities to participate meaningfully in important
Prosocial Involvement    activities at school, they are less likely to engage in drug use and other problem behaviors.
Rewards for Prosocial    When young people are recognized and rewarded for their contributions at school, they are less
Involvement              likely to be involved in substance use and other problem behaviors

                                             Peer-Individual Risk Factors
Attitudes Favorable   Initiation of use of any substance is preceded by values favorable to its use. During the
Toward Antisocial     elementary school years, most children express anti-drug, anti-crime, and pro-social attitudes
Behavior and Drug Use and have difficulty imagining why people use drugs. However, in middle school, as more youth
                      are exposed to others who use drugs, their attitudes often shift toward greater acceptance of
                      these behaviors. Youth who express positive attitudes toward drug use are at higher risk for
                      subsequent drug use. Young people who accept or condone antisocial behavior are more likely
                      to engage in a variety of problem behaviors, including drug use.
Early Initiation of   Early onset of drug use predicts misuse of drugs. The earlier the onset of any drug use, the
Problem Behavior      greater the involvement in other drug use and the greater frequency of use. Onset of drug use
                      prior to the age of 15 is a consistent predictor of drug abuse, and a later age of onset of drug
                      use has been shown to predict lower drug involvement and a greater probability of
                      discontinuation of use.
Friends' Use of Drugs    Young people who associate with peers who engage in alcohol or substance abuse are much
                         more likely to engage in the same behavior. Peer drug use has consistently been found to be
                         among the strongest predictors of substance use among youth. Even when young people come
                         from well-managed families and do not experience other risk factors, spending time with friends
                         who use drugs greatly increases the risk of that problem developing.
Interaction with         Young people who associate with peers who engage in problem behaviors are at higher risk for
Antisocial Peers         engaging in antisocial behavior themselves.
Perceived Risk of Drug Young people who do not perceive drug use to be risky are far more likely to engage in drug
Use                    use.
Rewards for Antisocial Young people who receive rewards for their antisocial behavior are at higher risk for engaging
Behavior               further in antisocial behavior and substance use.

Rebelliousness           Young people who do not feel part of society, are not bound by rules, don’t believe in trying to
                         be successful or responsible, or who take an active rebellious stance toward society, are at
                         higher risk of abusing drugs. In addition, high tolerance for deviance, a strong need for
                         independence, and normlessness have all been linked with drug use.

Sensation Seeking        Young people who seek out opportunities for dangerous, risky behavior in general are at higher
                         risk for participating in drug use and other problem behaviors.

Gang Involvement         Youth who belong to gangs are more at risk for antisocial behavior and drug use.

                                       Peer-Individual Protective Factors
Religiosity              Young people who regularly attend religious services are less likely to engage in problem
                         behaviors.
Social Skills            Young people who are socially competent and engage in positive interpersonal relations with
                         their peers are less likely to use drugs and engage in other problem behaviors.
Belief in the Moral      Young people who have a belief in what is “right” or “wrong” are less likely to use drugs.
Order




                                                        15
 HOW CAN YOU USE THIS INFORMATION

    Data from CCYS can be used to help school, community, region and state planners select the
prevention activities most likely to succeed in improving positive youth development. Each risk
and protective factor can be linked to specific types of interventions that have been shown to be
effective in reducing the risks and enhancing the protections of the youth in the community. The
steps outlined below will help you make decisions about the type of prevention programs that are
needed to allow young people to develop healthy and productive lives.

1) Determine what the information in this report is telling you by reviewing the
charts and tables.
• Which levels of 30 day drug use are unacceptably high?
• Which levels of antisocial behavior are unacceptably high?
• Which 3 to 4 risk factors seem higher than you would want?
• Which 3 to 4 protective factors seem lower than you would want?

                          Unacceptable      Unacceptable      Unacceptable      Unacceptable
Measure                   Rate #1           Rate #2           Rate #3           Rate #4
30 day drug use
Antisocial behaviors
Risk factors
Protective factors

2) Decide if a rate is unacceptable.
• Compare your data to statewide data or national rates. Where there is greater than a 5%
   difference between the local and state/national data, the difference is probably significant.
• Look across the charts to determine which items stand out as either much higher or much
   lower than the others?
• Determine the values held in your area. For example, is it acceptable in your area that over
   40% of high school seniors believe it is easy to obtain Marijuana? Is it acceptable that only
   50% of 8th graders perceive that youth receive rewards for positive involvement in the
   community?

3) Use these data for planning:
• Substance use and antisocial behavior: to raise awareness about the problems and promote
   dialogue.
• Risk and protective factor data: to identify exactly where to take action.
• Promising approaches: investigate the resources listed on the last page of this report for ideas
   about programs that have been proven effective in addressing the risk factors that are high in
   your area, and in improving the protective factors that are low.

4) Monitor over time: Plan on collecting similar data to those contained in this report at least
every two years, in order to monitor the effectiveness of your chosen strategy, and to determine
any new efforts that are needed.




                                               16
Table 3. Number of Students Who Completed the Survey
                                                 Grade 10                    Grade 12
Year Survey Completed                    2001      2002      2004     2001     2002     2004
Number of Youth                         n/a     n/a         143     n/a        n/a        165
Table 4. Percentage of Students Who Used ATODs During Their Lifetime
                                                 Grade 10                    Grade 12
Drug Used                                2001      2002      2004     2001     2002     2004
Alcohol                                   n/a       n/a        83.1    n/a      n/a       78.1
Cigarettes                                n/a       n/a        55.8    n/a      n/a       49.7
Chewing Tobacco                           n/a       n/a        24.6    n/a      n/a       26.4
Marijuana                                 n/a       n/a        25.6    n/a      n/a       26.8
Inhalants                                 n/a       n/a        15.6    n/a      n/a       12.8
Hallucinogens                             n/a       n/a         3.1    n/a      n/a        3.3
Cocaine                                   n/a       n/a         2.2    n/a      n/a        0.7
**Stimulants                              n/a       n/a         9.8    n/a      n/a        7.6
*Sedatives                                n/a       n/a        16.3    n/a      n/a       11.0
*Heroin or Other Opiates                  n/a       n/a         2.4    n/a      n/a        0.0
*Ecstasy                                  n/a       n/a         5.5    n/a      n/a        5.0
Table 5. Percentage of Students Who Used ATODs During the Past 30 Days
                                                 Grade 10                    Grade 12
Drug Used                                2001      2002      2004     2001     2002     2004
 Alcohol                                  n/a       n/a        48.5    n/a      n/a       40.5
 Cigarettes                               n/a       n/a        27.7    n/a      n/a       22.5
 Chewing Tobacco                          n/a       n/a        14.7    n/a      n/a       11.3
 Marijuana                                n/a       n/a        15.7    n/a      n/a        9.3
 Inhalants                                n/a       n/a         3.8    n/a      n/a        0.7
 Hallucinogens                            n/a       n/a         0.8    n/a      n/a        0.7
 Cocaine                                  n/a       n/a         0.8    n/a      n/a        0.7
 **Stimulants                             n/a       n/a         7.8    n/a      n/a        2.1
 *Sedatives                               n/a       n/a         6.8    n/a      n/a        4.9
 *Heroin or Other Opiates                 n/a       n/a         0.8    n/a      n/a        0.0
 *Ecstasy                                 n/a       n/a         0.8    n/a      n/a        2.9
* New Measure in 2004
** Surveys prior to 2004 measured Methamphetamine use only




                                                   17
Table 6. Percentage of Students With Heavy Use of Alcohol and Cigarettes
                                                Grade 10                      Grade 12
Drug Used                               2001      2002      2004     2001       2002     2004
Binge Drinking                           n/a       n/a        33.6    n/a        n/a       28.2
Regular Cigarette Use                     n/a       n/a        13.0     n/a     n/a         7.5
Table 7. Percentage of Students With Antisocial Behavior in the Past Year
                                                 Grade 10                     Grade 12
Behavior                                 2001      2002      2004      2001     2002     2004
Suspended from School                     n/a       n/a        16.8     n/a      n/a       15.5
Drunk or High at School                   n/a       n/a        18.3     n/a      n/a       13.3
Sold Illegal Drugs                        n/a       n/a         8.3     n/a      n/a        4.4
Stolen a Vehicle                          n/a       n/a         4.4     n/a      n/a        2.5
Been Arrested                             n/a       n/a         6.0     n/a      n/a        4.4
Attacked to Harm                          n/a       n/a        18.8     n/a      n/a       11.0
Carried a Handgun                         n/a       n/a         3.0     n/a      n/a        3.8
Handgun to School                         n/a       n/a         0.0     n/a      n/a        0.0




                                                   18
Table 8. Percentage of Students Reporting Risk
                                                 Grade 10                  Grade 12
Risk Factor                             2001       2002     2004    2001     2002     2004
Community Domain
 Low Neighborhood Attachment             n/a       n/a       35.0   n/a      n/a       43.0
 Community Disorganization               n/a       n/a       37.3   n/a      n/a       35.7
 Transitions & Mobility                  n/a       n/a       62.6   n/a      n/a       52.2
 Laws & Norms Favor Drug Use             n/a       n/a       45.5   n/a      n/a       29.6
 Perceived Availability of Drugs         n/a       n/a       39.7   n/a      n/a       36.9
 Perceived Availability of Handguns      n/a       n/a       27.1   n/a      n/a       33.3
Family Domain
 Poor Family Management                  n/a       n/a       39.1   n/a      n/a       43.0
 Family Conflict                         n/a       n/a       46.5   n/a      n/a       48.0
 History of Antisocial Behavior          n/a       n/a       40.7   n/a      n/a       29.7
 Parent Attitudes Favorable to ASB       n/a       n/a       52.5   n/a      n/a       39.1
 Parent Attitudes Favor Drug Use         n/a       n/a       41.9   n/a      n/a       45.2
School Domain
 Academic Failure                        n/a       n/a       62.4   n/a      n/a       53.7
 Low Commitment to School                n/a       n/a       33.3   n/a      n/a       38.9
Peer-Individual Domain
 Rebelliousness                          n/a       n/a       56.4   n/a      n/a       44.5
 Early Initiation of ASB                 n/a       n/a       48.1   n/a      n/a       43.1
 Early Initiation of Drug Use            n/a       n/a       47.1   n/a      n/a       38.8
 Attitudes Favorable to ASB              n/a       n/a       52.3   n/a      n/a       41.4
 Attitudes Favorable to Drug Use         n/a       n/a       42.5   n/a      n/a       31.1
 *Intention to Use ATOD's                n/a       n/a       47.0   n/a      n/a       27.0
 Perceived Risk of Drug Use              n/a       n/a       29.1   n/a      n/a       31.1
 Interaction with Antisocial Peers       n/a       n/a       68.1   n/a      n/a       49.0
 Friend's Use of Drugs                   n/a       n/a       47.4   n/a      n/a       32.9
 Sensation Seeking                       n/a       n/a       61.3   n/a      n/a       45.9
 Rewards for ASB                         n/a       n/a       32.8   n/a      n/a       48.0
 Gang Involvement                        n/a       n/a        6.7   n/a      n/a        5.0
* New Scale in 2004




                                                   19
Table 9. Percentage of Students Reporting Protection
                                                   Grade 10                     Grade 12
Protective Factor                         2001       2002     2004     2001       2002     2004
Community Domain
Opportunities for Prosocial involvement      n/a       n/a     52.8       n/a       n/a     49.2
Rewards for Prosocial Involvement            n/a       n/a     47.4       n/a       n/a     44.4
Family Domain
Family Attachment                            n/a       n/a     47.6       n/a       n/a     56.4
Opportunities for Prosocial Involvement      n/a       n/a     54.5       n/a       n/a     57.1
Rewards for Prosocial Involvement            n/a       n/a     52.5       n/a       n/a     46.9
School Domain
Opportunities for Prosocial Involvment       n/a       n/a     56.6       n/a       n/a     73.6
Rewards for Prosocial Involvement            n/a       n/a     56.3       n/a       n/a     47.9
Peer-Individual Domain
*Religiosity                                 n/a       n/a     76.6       n/a       n/a     72.4
Social Skills                                n/a       n/a     51.8       n/a       n/a     68.4
Belief in the Moral Order                    n/a       n/a     66.4       n/a       n/a     50.3
Table 10. Average Age of Students Reporting First ATOD Use and Antisocial Behavior
                                                   Grade 10                     Grade 12
Age of first ATOD use                     2001       2002     2004     2001       2002     2004
Marijuana                                    n/a        n/a     13.7      n/a        n/a     14.4
Cigarettes                                   n/a        n/a     12.2      n/a        n/a     13.0
Alcohol Use                                  n/a        n/a     12.6      n/a        n/a     13.5
Regular Alcohol Use                          n/a        n/a     14.2      n/a        n/a     15.3
Age of first Antisocial Behavior
School Suspension                            n/a       n/a     12.5       n/a       n/a     13.5
Been Arrested                                n/a       n/a     13.7       n/a       n/a     15.0
Carried a Gun                                n/a       n/a     14.0       n/a       n/a     15.7
Attacked to Harm                             n/a       n/a     12.9       n/a       n/a     13.4
Belonged to a Gang                           n/a       n/a     12.4       n/a       n/a     15.2
* New Scale in 2004




                                                     20
Table 11. Percentage of Students Reporting Violent Behavior
                                                           Grade 10                Grade 12
                                                    2001     2002   2004    2001     2002   2004
Behavior
How wrong do you think it Very Wrong                 n/a      n/a    93.3   n/a      n/a     94.3
is for someone your age to Wrong                     n/a      n/a     5.2   n/a      n/a      3.8
take a handgun to school? A Little Bit Wrong         n/a      n/a     1.5   n/a      n/a      1.3
                           Not Wrong at All          n/a      n/a     0.0   n/a      n/a      0.6

How wrong do you think it Very Wrong                 n/a      n/a    31.6   n/a      n/a     42.6
is for someone your age to Wrong                     n/a      n/a    32.3   n/a      n/a     32.9
pick a fight with someone? A Little Bit Wrong        n/a      n/a    31.6   n/a      n/a     17.4
                           Not Wrong at All          n/a      n/a     4.5   n/a      n/a      7.1

How wrong do you think it    Very Wrong              n/a      n/a    52.6   n/a      n/a     62.3
is for someone your age to   Wrong                   n/a      n/a    27.4   n/a      n/a     24.7
attack someone with the      A Little Bit Wrong      n/a      n/a    14.1   n/a      n/a      8.4
idea of seriously hurting    Not Wrong at All        n/a      n/a     5.9   n/a      n/a      4.5
th ?
What are the chances you No or very little chance    n/a      n/a    84.3   n/a      n/a     83.8
would be seen as cool if Little chance               n/a      n/a     9.4   n/a      n/a      8.8
you carried a handgun?   Some chance                 n/a      n/a     3.1   n/a      n/a      2.7
                         Pretty good chance          n/a      n/a     1.6   n/a      n/a      2.7
                         Very good chance            n/a      n/a     1.6   n/a      n/a      2.0

How wrong do your            Very Wrong              n/a      n/a    48.4   n/a      n/a     65.5
parents feel it would be for Wrong                   n/a      n/a    32.3   n/a      n/a     23.3
you to pick a fight with     A Little Bit Wrong      n/a      n/a    16.1   n/a      n/a      7.8
someone?                                             n/a      n/a     3.2   n/a      n/a      3.4
                             Not Wrong at All




                                                    21
Table 12. Number of Students In Louisiana Who Completed the Survey
                                                 Grade 6                      Grade 8                     Grade 10                     Grade 12
Year Survey Completed                   2001      2002     2004      2001      2002     2004     2001       2002     2004     2001       2002     2004
Number of Youth                           36590   31765   29709    33933     31520      28693    26851      24379    21811    20951      19693    17236
Table 13. Percentage of Students In Louisiana Who Used ATODs During Their Lifetime
                                                 Grade 6                      Grade 8                     Grade 10                     Grade 12
Drug Used                               2001      2002     2004      2001      2002     2004     2001       2002     2004     2001       2002     2004
Alcohol                                   35.7      27.0     25.9      59.8      53.1     52.3     74.6       69.6     68.6     81.1       77.2     76.5
Cigarettes                                27.2      19.2     19.0      48.6      40.4     37.1     58.2       50.6     45.7     63.2       56.5     52.1
Chewing Tobacco                           11.8       8.6      6.8      18.7      15.5     12.4     22.0       19.4     15.7     24.4       22.1     18.7
Marijuana                                  5.8       3.5      2.6      19.5      15.1     11.7     32.7       27.8     22.7     42.7       37.9     32.5
Inhalants                                 13.4      10.4     10.3      16.6      14.5     14.8     13.5       11.4     11.2     11.4        8.8      8.5
Hallucinogens                              2.3       1.2      0.4       4.2       2.6      1.1      7.7        4.5      2.3     12.3        7.3      3.9
Cocaine                                    2.2       1.3      0.7       3.4       2.4      1.5      4.2        3.1      2.6      6.1        5.0      4.5
**Stimulants                               2.0       0.9      1.1       4.2       2.1      2.9      7.2        4.6      5.2      9.8        6.9      7.5
*Sedatives                               n/a       n/a        4.0     n/a       n/a        8.3    n/a        n/a       12.6    n/a        n/a       14.9
*Heroin or Other Opiates                 n/a       n/a        0.5     n/a       n/a        0.9    n/a        n/a        1.0    n/a        n/a        1.5
*Ecstasy                                 n/a       n/a        0.5     n/a       n/a        2.2    n/a        n/a        4.3    n/a        n/a        6.8
Table 14. Percentage of Students In Louisiana Who Used ATODs During the Past 30 Days
                                                Grade 6                       Grade 8                     Grade 10                     Grade 12
Drug Used                               2001      2002     2004      2001      2002     2004     2001       2002     2004     2001       2002     2004
 Alcohol                                  16.0      10.8      7.7      32.9      27.3     22.7     45.4       40.0     37.2     54.5       49.4     48.0
 Cigarettes                                8.0       5.0      4.3      18.2      14.6     12.4     24.7       20.4     17.5     31.0       25.9     23.8
 Chewing Tobacco                           4.7       3.2      2.5       7.8       6.7      5.4      9.4        8.6      7.5      9.9        9.5      8.1
 Marijuana                                 3.1       1.6      1.1      10.4       7.4      5.5     15.7       12.1      9.9     18.6       15.5     13.5
 Inhalants                                 6.9       5.2      5.0       7.2       6.4      6.3      3.7        3.6      3.3      2.4        1.7      1.8
 Hallucinogens                             1.4       0.7      0.3       2.4       1.3      0.5      3.2        1.8      0.9      4.1        2.0      1.2
 Cocaine                                   1.3       0.7      0.5       1.7       1.0      0.8      1.6        1.2      0.9      2.1        1.6      1.5
 **Stimulants                              1.2       0.4      0.6       2.1       0.8      1.3      3.4        1.9      2.4      4.2        2.5      2.9
 *Sedatives                              n/a       n/a        1.9     n/a       n/a        4.0    n/a        n/a        6.1    n/a        n/a        7.1
 *Heroin or Other Opiates                n/a       n/a        0.3     n/a       n/a        0.4    n/a        n/a        0.5    n/a        n/a        0.5
 *Ecstasy                                n/a       n/a        0.3     n/a       n/a        0.8    n/a        n/a        1.5    n/a        n/a        2.2
* New Measure in 2004
** Previous Surveys measured Methamphetamine use only




                                                                              22
Table 15. Percentage of Students In Louisiana With Heavy Use of Alcohol and Cigarettes
                                                 Grade 6                     Grade 8                        Grade 10                     Grade 12
Drug Used                                2001      2002    2004      2001      2002       2004     2001       2002     2004     2001       2002     2004
Binge Drinking                              7.6       4.8      5.8     16.8      13.6       13.3     25.8       22.3     21.7     33.0       29.6     30.2
1/2 Pack of Cigarettes/Day                  2.9       1.5       0.7       7.6       5.8      2.3    12.7       10.1       4.2    18.7       15.0       7.5
Table 16. Percentage of Students In Louisiana With Antisocial Behavior in the Past Year
                                                 Grade 6                       Grade 8                      Grade 10                     Grade 12
Behavior                                 2001      2002     2004      2001      2002      2004     2001       2002     2004     2001       2002     2004
Suspended from School                      18.3      17.7      19.0      22.9      23.3     23.3     18.3       18.2     17.4     15.6       14.6     13.0
Drunk or High at School                     4.6       2.8       2.9      12.3      10.1      9.0     17.1       15.2     13.6     19.5       17.0     15.2
Sold Illegal Drugs                          1.7       1.0       0.7       5.0       3.6      3.2      8.0        6.6      5.8      9.2        7.9      7.1
Stolen a Vehicle                            2.3       1.6       1.8       4.0       3.4      3.1      3.9        3.6      3.0      2.6        2.2      1.7
Been Arrested                               4.5       3.6       3.5       8.3       8.1      7.5      7.9        7.7      7.1      7.9        6.9      6.1
Attacked to Harm                           14.4      11.0      13.2      19.4      17.4     17.4     17.9       15.6     15.2     14.3       13.4     12.3
Carried a Handgun                           5.0       4.2       4.3       6.6       5.6      5.5      5.9        5.1      4.4      6.0        4.8      4.3
Handgun to School                           0.9       0.6       0.4       1.2       0.9      0.6      1.1        0.9      0.7      1.4        0.9      0.6




                                                                              23
Table 17. Percentage of Students In Louisiana Reporting Risk
                                                 Grade 6                      Grade 8                     Grade 10                   Grade 12
Risk Factor                             2001      2002     2004       2001     2002       2004    2001      2002     2004    2001      2002     2004
Community Domain
 Low Neighborhood Attachment              48.0      45.8       45.0    37.0        35.8    36.6    40.8      40.3     41.1    46.1      44.4     43.7
 Community Disorganization                53.8      53.1       47.2    46.8        47.1    41.4    54.0      53.6     47.4    52.0      51.1     43.0
 Transitions & Mobility                   40.8      43.3       52.0    41.9        44.0    51.0    40.8      44.9     54.0    37.0      37.0     47.1
 Laws & Norms Favor Drug Use              52.5      44.3       45.0    46.5        41.7    39.6    47.8      43.6     43.7    39.0      35.7     35.1
 Perceived Availability of Drugs          33.7      27.1       26.8    40.7        34.2    32.5    49.2      42.5     42.4    56.0      49.2     47.2
 Perceived Availability of Handguns       28.8      23.9       23.8    43.2        38.5    37.0    32.7      29.3     29.5    37.5      33.0     34.2
Family Domain
 Poor Family Management                   51.5      45.2       40.9    49.5        45.2    41.2    47.1      42.6     39.4    48.0      43.8     41.6
 Family Conflict                          41.7      39.9       43.2    49.4        48.8    52.4    38.8      38.3     42.4    36.6      35.9     38.8
 History of Antisocial Behavior           52.2      47.9       46.0    52.1        48.1    47.5    48.2      44.7     43.6    42.4      39.9     38.6
 Parent Attitudes Favorable to ASB        43.9      39.5       34.2    50.0        49.3    43.2    48.3      47.5     41.7    44.1      42.3     38.8
 Parent Attitudes Favor Drug Use          20.1      16.2       17.2    33.5        30.8    31.4    45.6      43.0     43.5    47.7      43.2     43.2
School Domain
 Academic Failure                         53.4      50.9       52.5    57.0        54.4    55.2    54.8      52.6     50.9    49.7      47.7     44.7
 Low Commitment to School                 51.3      44.7       45.2    42.6        37.6    35.4    42.3      37.7     36.2    45.7      39.6     39.6
Peer-Individual Domain
 Rebelliousness                           57.9      52.2       52.0    42.0      39.1      40.6    45.4      42.2     44.4    45.8      41.5     41.3
 Early Initiation of ASB                  31.4      29.0       33.3    43.1      41.7      44.1    44.0      42.2     43.2    43.3      41.6     41.4
 Early Initiation of Drug Use             44.3      34.8       37.7    46.0      39.0      37.7    42.3      38.1     35.0    41.3      39.1     35.5
 Attitudes Favorable to ASB               50.7      44.6       42.4    38.6      35.6      33.5    42.7      39.1     38.6    39.7      36.0     34.1
 Attitudes Favorable to Drug Use          38.3      30.7       27.7    39.1      33.3      28.8    45.4      39.5     34.7    41.8      37.0     31.5
 *Intention to Use ATOD's                n/a       n/a         43.2   n/a       n/a        33.5   n/a       n/a       41.1   n/a       n/a       26.3
 Perceived Risk of Drug Use               37.9      37.6       35.3    42.5      40.7      38.7    36.0      34.2     30.6    37.2      36.4     33.9
 Interaction with Antisocial Peers        48.2      45.5       53.8    58.5      54.8      60.4    56.3      52.4     55.2    54.5      49.1     50.6
 Friend's Use of Drugs                    36.8      27.3       33.0    47.6      37.9      39.7    44.6      37.1     37.5    40.2      32.9     34.1
 Sensation Seeking                        43.4      38.4       42.3    43.0      40.4      42.6    41.7      39.0     40.6    43.1      40.6     42.1
 Rewards for ASB                          31.7      27.2       30.7    45.1      41.0      41.6    36.2      35.7     37.1    40.8      41.0     45.0
 Gang Involvement                         17.8      17.4       30.7    16.0      15.6      18.8    13.3      12.1     21.7    11.8      10.5     21.8
* New Scale in 2004




                                                                              24
Table 18. Percentage of Students In Louisiana Reporting Protection
                                                   Grade 6                     Grade 8                       Grade 10                     Grade 12
Protective Factor                         2001      2002     2004     2001      2002       2004     2001       2002     2004     2001       2002     2004
Community Domain
Opportunities for Prosocial involvement    55.4       58.3    48.7     55.7         58.0    51.5     51.8       53.7     48.4     51.0       52.4     47.6
Rewards for Prosocial Involvement          53.6       54.9    53.1     43.3         44.9    44.6     53.8       54.2     50.7     55.3       55.5     50.6
Family Domain
Family Attachment                          51.3       54.4    53.7     50.1         51.8    51.1     45.3       45.3     43.7     55.4       56.7     56.0
Opportunities for Prosocial Involvement    53.6       57.6    59.8     58.7         61.0    62.7     52.4       53.9     55.1     52.3       54.0     55.3
Rewards for Prosocial Involvement          49.4       53.2    52.7     61.2         63.2    63.0     54.3       55.4     55.2     52.8       54.3     54.8
School Domain
Opportunities for Prosocial Involvment     45.4       48.6    53.9     55.5         60.2    64.6     54.6       58.3     62.4     52.0       55.6     60.6
Rewards for Prosocial Involvement          44.4       50.5    52.5     43.7         49.0    54.9     52.0       55.2     60.2     37.9       39.8     45.0
Peer-Individual Domain
*Religiosity                              n/a        n/a      64.2    n/a        n/a        66.3    n/a        n/a       67.9    n/a        n/a       64.1
Social Skills                              62.1       67.9    64.6     59.0       62.6      62.8     52.3       55.6     55.1     64.1       66.6     66.2
Belief in the Moral Order                  43.2       50.8    54.5     51.3       55.0      60.8     59.4       61.9     65.8     44.7       47.3     52.5
Table 19. Average Age of Students In Louisiana Reporting First ATOD Use and Antisocial Behavior
                                                   Grade 6                     Grade 8                       Grade 10                     Grade 12
Age of first ATOD use                     2001      2002     2004     2001      2002       2004     2001       2002     2004     2001       2002     2004
Marijuana                                   11.6      11.5     11.4     12.5      12.3       12.4     13.6       13.5     13.5     14.5       14.4     14.5
Cigarettes                                  10.7      10.7     10.6     11.5      11.4       11.4     12.3       12.2     12.3     13.0       12.9     13.1
Alcohol Use                                 10.9      10.7     10.7     11.9      11.8       11.7     13.0       12.9     12.9     13.9       13.8     13.9
Regular Alcohol Use                         11.3      11.2     11.1     12.6      12.4       12.5     14.3       14.1     14.1     15.4       15.3     15.4
Age of first Antisocial Behavior
School Suspension                          11.1       10.9    10.8     12.1         11.9    11.8     12.9       12.7     12.6     13.7       13.5     13.5
Been Arrested                              11.7       11.6    11.4     12.9         12.7    12.7     14.0       13.9     13.8     15.1       15.0     15.1
Carried a Gun                              11.4       11.2    11.0     12.4         12.3    12.1     13.4       13.3     13.2     14.2       14.3     14.4
Attacked to Harm                           11.2       11.0    10.9     12.3         12.1    12.1     13.2       13.0     12.8     13.9       13.8     13.6
Belonged to a Gang                         11.5       11.3    11.1     12.5         12.4    12.3     13.2       13.1     13.0     13.4       13.3     13.5
* New Scale in 2004




                                                                               25
Table 20. Percentage of Students In Louisiana Reporting Violent Behavior
                                                                   Grade 6                   Grade 8                   Grade 10                 Grade 12
                                                           2001     2002     2004    2001     2002     2004    2001      2002   2004    2001      2002   2004
Behavior
How wrong do you think it is Very Wrong                     91.8     93.2     93.0    88.1     88.4     88.5    89.9     90.0    89.9    91.9     92.7    93.1
for someone your age to take Wrong                           5.6      4.8      5.4     8.2      8.2      8.5     7.1      7.3     7.5     5.5      5.2     4.9
a handgun to school?         A Little Bit Wrong              1.3      1.0      1.0     2.2      2.0      1.9     1.9      1.8     1.7     1.4      1.2     1.2
                             Not Wrong at All                1.2      0.9      0.7     1.5      1.3      1.1     1.1      1.0     0.8     1.1      0.9     0.8

How wrong do you think it is Very Wrong                     43.6     50.4     49.4    34.9     38.3     36.6    37.1     39.9    38.4    44.1     46.3    47.1
for someone your age to pick Wrong                          32.8     30.4     30.7    33.2     32.3     33.9    34.9     34.2    34.6    34.2     33.7    32.6
a fight with someone?        A Little Bit Wrong             17.0     14.0     14.8    23.8     21.8     22.4    22.1     20.8    21.7    17.6     16.6    16.8
                             Not Wrong at All                6.5      5.1      5.0     8.0      7.5      7.1     5.9      5.1     5.3     4.1      3.4     3.4

How wrong do you think it is    Very Wrong                  75.3     80.1     78.9    62.3     65.6     65.5    59.2     61.8    61.9    63.1     65.9    65.9
for someone your age to         Wrong                       15.0     12.6     12.9    21.4     20.3     20.7    23.4     22.8    23.0    22.1     20.4    21.1
attack someone with the idea    A Little Bit Wrong           5.7      4.3      5.3    10.2      8.8      9.1    11.8     10.9    10.9    10.2      9.6     9.6
of seriously hurting them?      Not Wrong at All             4.0      3.0      2.9     6.1      5.3      4.7     5.6      4.6     4.3     4.5      4.1     3.5

What are the chances you        No or very little chance    85.5     86.4     82.8    80.0     80.9     78.2    82.6     82.4    79.6    84.4     85.2    82.7
would be seen as cool if you    Little chance                5.2      4.7      6.8     8.1      7.5      8.8     8.4      8.2     9.6     8.1      7.6     8.9
carried a handgun?              Some chance                  2.6      2.3      3.3     4.0      3.8      4.9     3.7      4.0     4.7     3.4      3.2     3.9
                                Pretty good chance           2.1      1.9      2.3     2.9      2.8      3.1     2.1      2.3     2.5     1.6      1.7     1.8
                                Very good chance             4.7      4.6      4.8     4.9      5.0      5.1     3.2      3.1     3.6     2.5      2.3     2.8

How wrong do your parents        Very Wrong                 62.6     67.8     70.2    55.8     56.7     60.6    56.9     57.9    61.7    60.9     62.6    64.1
feel it would be for you to pick Wrong                      22.8     20.0     17.7    25.6     24.9     22.9    26.9     26.3    23.4    26.4     25.0    23.6
a fight with someone?            A Little Bit Wrong          9.9      8.2      8.3    13.4     13.0     12.1    12.5     12.1    11.5     9.9      9.9     9.6
                                 Not Wrong at All            4.7      4.0      3.8     5.2      5.4      4.5     3.7      3.6     3.4     2.7      2.6     2.6




                                                                                     26
                             CONTACTS FOR PREVENTION
                            Louisiana Office for Addictive Disorders
                                       Regional Offices

Region I                                           Region VIII Office for Addictive Disorders
Metropolitan Human Services District               2807 Evangeline Street
2520 Canal Street, Suite 300                       Monroe, LA 71201
New Orleans, LA 70112                              (318) 362-3270
(504) 568-7943                                     (318) 362-3268 fax
(504) 568-7954 fax
                                                   Region IX
Region II                                          Florida Parishes Human Services Authority
                                                                  th
Capital Area Human Services District               19404 North 10 Street
4615 Government Street, Bldg. A                    Covington, LA 70433
Baton Rouge, LA 70806                              (985) 871-8761
(225) 922-0075                                     (985) 871-1388 fax
(225) 925-1987 fax
                                                   Region X
Region III                                         Jefferson Parish Human Service Authority
Terrebonne Office for Addictive Disorders          Division of Child & Family Services
521 Legion Ave.                                    5001 Westbank Expressway, Suite 11
Houma, LA 70364                                    Marrero, LA 70072
(985) 857-3612                                     (504) 349-8761
(985) 857-3707 fax                                 (504) 349-8768 fax

Region IV                                          DHH/Office for Addictive Disorders
Lafayette Office for Addictive Disorders           Prevention Section
400 St. Julien Ave., Suite 1                       Sanford Hawkins, Director
Lafayette, LA 70506                                343 Third Street, Suite 310
(337) 262-5453                                     Baton Rouge, LA 70801
(337) 262-1105 fax                                 (225) 342-9354
                                                   (225) 342-0001 fax
Region V
Lake Charles Office for Addictive Disorders        DHH/Office for Addictive Disorders
2300 Broad Street                                  Michael Duffy, Assistant Secretary/SSA
Lake Charles, LA 70601                             1201 Capitol Access Rd.
(337) 491-2496                                     P. O. Box 3868
(337) 491-2887 fax                                 Baton Rouge, LA 70821
                                                   (225) 342-9239
Region VI                                          (225) 342-3931 fax
Pineville Office for Addictive Disorders
401 Rainbow Drive, Unit 35                         Websites:
P. O. Box 7118
Alexandria, LA 71306-0118                          Louisiana Office for Addictive Disorders
(318) 487-5191                                     Communities That Care Survey
(318) 487-5453 fax                                 Partners in Prevention
                                                   www.dhh.state.la.us/oada
Region VII
Northwest Regional Center for Addictive            Louisiana Drug Policy Board
Disorders                                          Partners in Prevention
                       nd
6005 Financial Plaza, 2 Floor                      www.ladrugpolicy.org
Shreveport, LA 71129-2615                          Southwest Center for the Application of
(318) 632-2040                                     Prevention Technology
(318) 632-2073 fax                                 www.swcapt.org



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