Constructivist Grounded Theory Method A research methodology to help by pnx67864



Constructivist Grounded Theory Method: A research methodology to help create a future of client
centred evidence based practice in occupational therapy.

Kirsti Haracz

University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, Australia

Target Audience: Occupational therapists working in any field, occupational therapy students.

Aim of Purpose: To introduce constructivist grounded theory, a research methodology which is not evident in
the occupational therapy literature, and to inspire occupational therapists to take action using this
methodology to conduct research that will support client centred evidence based practice in occupational

Discussion: Evidence based practive is increasingly being seen as an imperative in health and social care
(Taylor, 2007). Challenges to the uptake of evidence based practice by occupational therapists have
included an apparent inconsistency with the client centred philosophy of the profession (Hammell, 2001).
Definitions that suggest involvement of the client in the process (Canadian Association of Occupational
Therapists et al, 1999) and increasing acceptance of qualitative research as evidence (Taylor, 2007) have
gone some way to address this. However it is also suggested that occupational therapists need to engage in
more research that will provide evidence grounded in the client perspective (Hammell, 2001). The author
suggests that constructivist grounded theory is a qualitative research methodology that would advance this
aim, and generate mid range theories that can inform practice.

Conclusions: Constructivist grounded theory method, as yet not well represented in the occupational therapy
literature provides a useful methodology for occupational therapists seeking to advance client centred
evidence based practice.

Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists, Association of Canadian Occupational Therapy University
       Programs, Association of Canadian Occupational Therapy Regulatory Organizations and the
       Presidents’ Advisory Committee (1999) Joint position statement on evidence based practice.
       Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy 66, 267-269.

Hammell, K. W. (2001). Using qulitative research to inform the client-centred evidence-based practice of
     occupational therapy. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 64(5), 228-234.

Taylor, M. C. (2007). Evidence based practice for occupational therapists (2nd ed ed.). Oxford: Blackwell

Learning Outcomes – (maximum two-not included in word limit)

•   Key principles and characteristics of constructivist grounded theory

•   Ideas of how it may be used to advance the client centred evidence based practice in occupational

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