"Striving to make the built environment energy-neutral"
StrivingRtoFmake the built environment energy-neutral • Breakthrough IN B IE the ‘Meeting Browser’ • Practical study of protective clothing • Clean make the built environment energy-neutral • Breakthrough in the trea Striving to make the Breakthrough in the built environment treatment of intermittent claudication energy-neutral Gene therapy offers potential The Energy Research Centre This could become a reality treatment for intermittent of the Netherlands (ECN) and by 2050 through building new claudication. TNO recently established a houses in such a way that they partnership called ‘Building produce rather than consume Old people can suffer from Future’. energy and through renovation intermittent claudication; they techniques which considerably are able to walk only very short The partnership was formed reduce the energy consumption. distances due to blockages in the for the purpose of conducting The energy surplus of new blood vessels of the legs. Apart practical research into energy buildings would then compensate from the recommendation to consumption, production and the consumption in older houses. continue walking despite the conservation in built-up areas The programme is broken pain in order to stimulate blood and sustainable energy behind into three groups: components, flow, the only other option for the meter. It will foster the integration and consumption. treatment has been to perform Laying collateral blood vessels in the mouse. development of sustainable At set time intervals up to 2050, percutaneous angioplasty or building and neighbourhood each group will provide a brief bypass surgery. In the worst case, systems and new energy outline of its status and the amputation of the toes or even a Once this process had been production systems, and push for savings percentages achieved foot may be required. pre-clinically trialled in mice at more solar energy use and energy in its category. The participants In collaboration with the TNO, the university hospitals storage. At both the national and can then decide, based on this Leiden University Medical Centre, of Leiden and Groningen EU levels, 35 to 40 per cent of information, which aspects need TNO has developed a method of collaborated on a double-blind energy consumption occurs in further development and what treatment that is based on gene study involving 56 patients. For built-up areas. the priorities are for research therapy. Patients are injected with the group treated with gene The partnership will be and demonstration. DNA that contains a gene, which therapy there was improved working on the Energy Reduction The ERGO programme will stimulates cell growth in blood blood flow and better healing of in the Built Environment benefit the building sector, vessels. This helps create a kind wounds and fewer amputation (ERGO) programme, which suppliers, developers, landlords, of natural bypass (collateral blood than for the control group has an ambitious goal: a built homeowners, national and vessels) around the blockage and which received a placebo – a key environment that is energy- municipal governments, NGOs lay capillaries in tissue that has milestone in the development of a neutral. and numerous others. inadequate blood flow. treatment for this disorder. More effective meetings with the ‘Meeting Browser’ TNO is helping develop the structured meetings. ‘Meeting Browser’, which Along with 13 European should help make meetings partners and one American more effective and efﬁcient. partner, TNO is working on a three-year EU Integrated Are your company meetings Project, Augmented Multi-party unproductive, a downright waste Interaction (AMI). of time? The Meeting Browser For its part, TNO has set up a test subjects can be taped from be stored in a system that can is here to change all that. It’s a ‘smart meeting room’, a high- six camera angles and recorded easily be searched in a variety computer support system for tech conference room, at its with 24 precisely synchronous of ways: the Meeting Browser. searching multimedia archives Dutch Soesterberg site. It is here microphones. The system will be able to store of automatically analysed and that meetings conducted by The data generated will a huge amount of information. 4 xx TNO magazine march 2005 March TNO Ruimte en Infrastructuur h in the treatment of intermittent claudication • More effective meetin ning up sewage water using Membrane BioReactor technology • Strivi atment of intermittent claudication • More effective meetings with the Cleaning up sewage water using Membrane BioReactor technology TNO participates in the start- up of the ﬁrst full-scale MBR water puriﬁcation plant. As part of an extensive research programme, TNO has been involved in the preparations and start-up of the MBR plant. The study – undertaken in close Photo: TNO collaboration with the principal contractor Waterschap Rijn en IJssel, the engineering firm DHV Practical study of protective clothing and the research institute WETSUS – has to minimise the risks that are inherent to the start-up of such an A new research method against biological and chemical placed on a mannequin that innovative plant. Not only that, it enables researchers to weapons. Protective clothing is made to ‘walk’ through the also has to provide knowledge for simultaneously test both is often tested in a specially wind tunnel. Sensors on the the future design of other, larger the effectiveness and developed facility known as the dummy register how much of plants. comfort of protective ‘whole-system test chamber’, the gas penetrates the clothing, A sewage water purification clothing. a wind tunnel into which a indicating whether or not it plant in the east of the chemical vapour mixture can be offers adequate protection. Netherlands is discharging its Assessing the effectiveness introduced. The vapour is not But protection is not the effluent into a vulnerable small of gas masks and protective poisonous but its behaviour is only matter of importance inland waterway that is part of clothing is an important part comparable to that of a chemical when it comes to clothing; it an ecological junction. The design of research into protection weapon agent. The clothing is should be comfortable as well. requirements are so demanding This is another aspect that TNO in terms of the quality of the has been studying over the water that is discharged that years. The Dutch Ministry of conventional methods are just not participants during the meeting. Defence commissioned TNO to able to cope. The benefits of such an determine whether these two The solution has been found analytical system are enormous. aspects of the research could in applying MBR technology: To begin with, it will allow be combined. TNO’s response biological water treatment people to improve the decision- was to develop a new research combined with membrane making process. The ability to method, the whole-system test filtration, which does more than better manage the information chamber, in which the dummy just produce a very clean effluent; from meetings could also yield is replaced by a human test it makes the treatment plant much economies of scale, meaning subject who performs a series more compact because there is no that large projects would be of movements under various need for a large settling tank to Photo: OGC completed more quickly. Finally, weather conditions. separate the bacteria and water. the Meeting Browser could The subject can then report Since 2000, the Netherlands has People will then have access be a meaningful knowledge on how comfortable the had a number of small-scale to not only the factual record management tool: a vast clothing actually is and whether pilot plants operating to gain (presentations, decisions, amount of information will be it provides adequate protection. experience of this technology, and agenda items discussed), stored in it in an intelligent and These tests will provide a more now the first full-scale plant with a but also the behaviour of readily accessible manner. realistic evaluation of protective capacity of 755 m3 per hour serves gear. also as a demonstration project. TNO Ruimte en Infrastructuur TNO magazine March 2005 TNO magazine march 2005 5 xx The Itraining of the future • ENISA: a more secure European informatio N BRIEF European project on refrigeration technology • TNO at the 3GSM Worl • The training of the future • ENISA: a more secure European informat The training of the future ENISA: a more secure European information The way soccer players train could be totally different in back to these boxes. The coded signals are transmitted over a infrastructure the future – through the use fibre-optic network to a receiver of technology like that being (a computer) that calculates the TNO’s Dr Boaz Gelbord is on developed in ‘Training of the positions of the players and other secondment to ENISA for the future’. parameters, like their speed, ﬁrst six months of 2005. acceleration and path taken. The idea was simple: boxes These results are sent in real time Gelbord, a security expert at TNO attached to the floodlight masts to the coach, who can view them Information and Communication in soccer stadiums send radio on his laptop and select various Technology, is working on the signals across the field that are visualisations. The computer start-up of the European Network Photo: OGC picked up by antennae in the calculates the average speed of and Information Security shoulders of special receptor each player, how often a player Agency (ENISA). A large part of vests worn by the players. The has been in possession of the ball his assignment is to establish a number of tasks. The Agency vests also contain a transponder and other such statistics. The contacts and create networks must help foster a culture in that introduces a code that coach can then give the players among the stakeholders: from the which network and information is unique to each player into remote instructions, which are private and public sectors and EU security is a matter of course and the signal before it is reflected conveyed by vibrating plates in member states. it must support the European their clothing. ENISA, launched in Brussels on Commission in drawing up new This technology will help 15 March 2004, was established EU regulations in this area. As coaches and players alike improve to optimise the security of provider of advice, coordinator their tactical skill and practise the European information of projects, analyser of data and strategy. Part of the project also networks and systems that promoter of the development involves examining the physical are an indispensable part of standards, ENISA has a role condition of the players; a band of the economic and social to play as a centre of expertise around their chest measures development of the EU. Their on network and information their heart rate and the data is security is obviously all the more security for member states and displayed in real time. TNO is critical, particularly in terms of EU institutions. working on ‘Training of the future’ developing the internal European Photo: TNO together with Philips, soccer club market. More information: PSV and other partners. ENISA has been charged with www.enisa.eu.int. HomePlug: getting more out of cabling It won’t be long before of other equipment – laptops, these technologies perform on consumers are hooking up TVs, VoIP telephones – to that list. the job, how user-friendly they much more equipment to Today’s home networks have their are and what consumers should their Broadband Internet limitations, so ADSL providers are be able to expect of them. TNO’s connections. TNO investigated interested in finding out which Dr Igor Passchier zoomed in the technologies that might technologies, using the wiring on the HomePlug technology best be used for that. already installed in residential as particularly promising. Its housing, would be capable of potential was tested under Broadband services terminate not delivering such broadband practical conditions in TNO’s own at the meter cupboard but in the services. Huiskamer (living room), in Delft. consumers’ in-home equipment. TNO Information and The outcome: once the system is To date, only PCs have been Communication Technology more technologically developed, hooked up to the telephone or has taken stock of the existing next year, the consumer’s current Photo: TNO cable connection. But in the near technologies and outlined their stock of technologies will receive a future, you can add a whole range prospects, looking into how well welcome boost. 22 TNO magazine March 2005 on infrastructure • HomePlug: getting more out of cabling • TNO coord ld Congress • Shape Risk: better regulation of the European processing tion infrastructure • HomePlug: getting more out of cabling • TNO coo TNO helps refrigeration cool off A signiﬁcant reduction in performers from the Netherlands, the use of refrigerants: that Germany, Denmark, Italy, is the objective of the EU Spain and Turkey, as well as MINIREF project that TNO representatives from a Polish and will be coordinating. two Dutch trade organisations and two European ones (AREA TNO will be the coordinator of and ECSLA). Project members an international consortium have made it a priority to train for the design of industrial and transfer knowledge to Photo: OGC refrigeration and freezing members of the industry’s trade installations that contain only organisations so that people a nominal amount of HFCs who install and use refrigeration (hydro-fluorocarbons) or natural refrigerants. Researchers expect and freezing units in Europe can put the findings of the MINIREF Shape Risk: better to cut the use of refrigerants by 95 per cent by accelerating their project into practice relatively quickly. The new technology regulation of the circulation through the cooling units and remove all buffers in should then reach a high level of penetration in the European European processing the refrigeration cycle. MINIREF holds an interesting option in refrigeration industry within just several years of the project’s industry terms of limiting safety risks; this completion. would primarily impact the use The EU has already allocated TNO is participating in 2004, structured around seven of natural cooling agents, such 1.3 million euros for this project the European Shape Risk packages, three of which have as ammonia, which are being and the contract should be signed project, which should already been implemented. brought under strict regulation. by early March 2005. Then the result in better internal One of these is charged with The consortium represents project, which is scheduled to run and external safety in making an inventory, from a wide range of interests, with for three years, can really get up the region’s processing as many European countries 8 SME partners and 2 RTD and running. industry. as possible, of the level of external and occupational The idea behind Shape safety. In the Netherlands, the TNO at 3GSM World Congress Risk (an acronym for ‘sharing experience on risk National Institute for Public Health and the Environment TNO Information and display its expertise with four management’) is to make (RIVM) and TNO Environment Communication Technology themes to an avid international industrial systems cleaner and Geosciences are active in participated in the 3GSM crowd: and safer. The project could the project. World Congress in Cannes, • IVIGO – a unique portfolio of also result in better European The main recommendations France, 14–17 February interactive solutions for 3G- regulation of external and of Package Two are that there 2005. and IP-based video telephony, occupational safety for the should be one authorised such as multimedia call centres region’s processing industry. body for both occupational The 3GSM World Congress is a • Performance measurement The project’s scope includes and external safety and that leading event in the world of tools – tools that improve the both external safety issues risk assessments for both mobile communications. This performance of mobile portals – such as explosion hazards, process-related occupational year more than 600 companies and telephones toxic substances (and how to and external safety should participated. TNO was at the • Innovative services – platform escape them), fire – and the be contained in one report to booth hosted by the Dutch and service components for internal issue of occupational avoid duplication. Agency for International location, messaging and safety. In fact, ‘cross Furthermore, defence lines Business and Cooperation (EVD). information applications pollination’ between external against possible internal and TNO now has over one hundred • Network planning and and internal safety is one of external accidents need to be specialists working in the area optimisation – specialised the project’s main themes. made consistent. of mobile communications. This tools to help operators Shape Risk started in May forum gave TNO a chance to optimise their radio networks. TNO magazine March 2005 23