Infectious Diseases at Petting Zoos by qox18395



               Infectious Diseases at Petting Zoos

Background                                                  Provide Information to Your
Infectious disease agents can cause illness in              Visitors
humans and may be carried by many types of                  Post signs in several locations including the
animals including pets (dogs, cats, birds,                  beginning of the tour, places where the
reptiles and exotic species), livestock (cattle,            animals are located, and the eating area.
sheep, goats, pigs, chickens), and wildlife                 Be sure to list animals that are off limits
(bats, skunks, raccoons, rabbits). The primary              and should not be touched. Include the
infectious agents in a petting zoo setting
                                                            following messages:
include Salmonella, Campylobacter, E. coli
O157:H7, Giardia and Cryptosporidium,                       •    Wash hands with soap and water after
which all may be passed in animal feces and                      touching the animals.
transmitted to humans via direct or indirect
fecal-oral contact. Animals with the                        •    Wash hands with soap and water
infectious agents in their feces may or may                      before eating.
not show signs of illness such as diarrhea.
Direct fecal-oral transmission may occur                    •    Avoid touching your face or mouth until
when animals are petted or touched. Indirect                     your hands are washed just before exiting.
fecal-oral transmission can occur if fecal
contamination of foods, water or surfaces                   •    Do not take food or beverages into
(fencing, ground) occurs.                                        animal areas.

Why Are Recommendations                                     •    Children should not be allowed to use
Needed?                                                          pacifiers, baby bottles and spill-proof
Human illness outbreaks have been linked to                      cups, sometimes called “sippy” cups.
visiting petting zoos or similar settings where                  Likewise, they should not carry toys into
animal contact occurs. It appears the number                     animal areas.
of petting zoos is increasing. This increases
the risk of human illness as more people visit              •    Do not take strollers into petting areas.
these facilities and have contact with
contaminated animals. Children are                          Point out the signs to the visitors and go over
particularly at risk if preventive measures are             each point, emphasizing hand washing,
not followed.                                               before starting the tour.

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        LOSS CONTROL DATA GUIDE continued

Hand Washing                                                                                    Animals
Provide sufficient hand washing stations                                                        • Calves, other young ruminants (including
with running water, soap, and disposable                                                          sheep and goats), and young poultry
towels in convenient locations. Route                                                             present a greater risk of transmitting
visitors directly to the hand washing                                                             infections to humans than other animals.
stations after leaving an animal area, and
                                                                                                •      Do not display ill animals or those known
before entering the eating area.
                                                                                                       to be positive for infectious agents.
•     Hand washing facilities should be
      convenient for use by children and adults.                                                •      Prevent contact with manure, water
                                                                                                       troughs and animals that should not be
•     Maintain hand washing stations in a                                                              touched by providing barriers and
      sanitary condition and keep soap and                                                             controlling access to areas where visitors
      towel dispensers stocked.                                                                        should not go.
•     Encourage employees/staff to use the                                                      Adult Supervision
      hand washing facilities and demonstrate                                                   • Groups of visitors to your facility should
      to visitors how to wash hands properly.                                                     include responsible adults. If adult
Cleaning and Disinfection                                                                         supervision is not apparent, be prepared
• Remove and dispose of animal manure                                                             to provide it with your own staff.
   frequently throughout the day.
•     Replace animal bedding daily.                                                             • Locate eating areas away from animal areas.
•     Clean visible fecal material from any                                                     •      Exclude all animals from eating areas.
      surface with soap and water as soon as
      possible.                                                                                 •      Keep eating areas clean.

•     Clean fencing and rails daily with soap                                                   •      Provide only an approved water source
      and water or more frequently as needed.                                                          for drinking water.

•     Disinfect fencing and rails after                                                         If you provide or prepare food items for
      cleaning (with 1 part bleach/10 parts                                                     visitors, contact your local health department
      water solution or Lysol following                                                         for information about safe food preparation
      container directions).                                                                    and handling.

The loss prevention information and advice presented in this brochure are intended only to advise our insureds and their managers of a variety of methods and strategies based on
generally accepted safe practices, for controlling potentially loss producing situations commonly occurring in business premises and/or operations. They are not intended to
warrant that all potential hazards or conditions have been evaluated or can be controlled. They are not intended as an offer to write insurance coverage for such conditions or
exposures, or to imply that Great American Insurance Company will write such coverage. The liability of Great American Insurance Company is limited to the specific terms,
limits and conditions of the insurance policies issued.

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