Well-being by maclaren1

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									Workshop on Measuring Well-being and Societal Progress
              Milan, 19-21 June 2006

         Lifelong Learning for
      Indicators and benchmarks
                  Anders Joest Hingel

                DG Education and Culture
      Lifelong learning Policies / Analyses, Statistics
                      and Indicators
       What is well-being ?
 Is it Life satisfaction, happiness, Human
 welfare, social welfare, economic welfare
                quality of life ?

« What is badly defined is doomed to be
  badly measured »

« What is badly measured will not be
  done »
see it
We know it when we see it
We know it when we see it
We know it when we see it
    What is Well-being ?

What ever it is, education is
    sure be of central
     Education and training

        Lifelong learning

Formal learning
Non–formal learning
In-formal learning
    Lifelong learning related to:
Household income      Democracy

Employment            Health

Security              Children‘s future

Civil society         Productivity

Innovation            Entrepreneurship
     The Lisbon strategy (2000)

By 2010 ‗Europe should become
 the most competitive and
 dynamic knowledge based
 economy in the world, capable of
 sustainable economic growth,
 with more and better jobs and
 greater social cohesion.
  The Lisbon strategy (2000)

Implementation through the Open Method
  of Co-ordination
  •   Guidelines for the Union
  •   Indicators and benchmarks
  •   Exchange of good practice
  •   Peer reviews and mutual learning
Barcelona European Council, March 2002

Europe's education systems should by
 2010 be a "world quality reference"

Adoption of a Detailed work programme
 on the implementation of Common
 objectives for education and training in
The Lisbon strategy in the field of
Lifelong Learnng
    Objectives of education and training systems in

    ‗Copenhagen process‘ of enhanced cooperation
     in vocational education and training

    The ―Bologna process‖ in Higher Education
Common Objectives in Education
       and Training
   3 Strategic objectives
       13 Objectives
        29 indicators
and 5 concrete benchmarks
Three Strategic Objectives for
education and training
Improving the quality and effectiveness of
  education and training systems in the EU

Facilitating the access of all to education
 and training systems

Opening up education and training systems
 to the wider world
        Five European Benchmarks in
           education and Training
By 2010 :

 10% early school leavers

 Decreased of least 20% of low-achieving 15-year-olds in
  reading literacy

 At least 85% of 22-year-olds should have completed upper-
  secondary education.

 Increase by at least 15% of the number of graduates in
  mathematics, science and technology – decrease of gender

 Participation in lifelong learning should be at least 12.5% of
  the adult working age population (25-64 age group).
E&T 2010 — Operational Level                                     Links with other Groups:
                                                                 • ACVT (formal tripartite advisory body)
                                                                 • High Level Group
                                                                 • DGVET (informal group)
                                                                 • DGHE (informal group)
    Education & Training 2010                                    • Programmes’ Committees
    Coordination Group - ETCG
                        Indicator expert
Indicators and                                        Networks
                        • Teachers                                          Clusters/PLAs
 benchmarks                                              and
                        • Adult Skills                 Groups          •   Teachers & Trainers
• Standing Group
                        • Learning to Learn        • Languages         •   ICT
                                                   • EQF               •   Resources
•CRELL research         • Civics
                                                   • Quality           •   Non-formal &
                                                     assurance             information learning
                                                                       •   Higher education
                                                   • Guidance          •   Key Competences
                                                                       •   Access/social
                                                                       •   MST
    Activities at national level to support reforms
•   National coordination and implementation of the process
•   Actions to enhance the E&T 2010 visibility
•   Organisation of peer learning activities
             Early school leavers (2005)
 Percentage of population aged18-24 with only lower
secondary education and not in education or training
                  Early school leavers

Benchmark : By 2010 a ratio of early school leavers (18-24) of no more than
10% should be reached.
       EU 25 performance
                                      Benchmark          Best performers
     2000             2005

                                                      Poland 5.5 %
    17.7%             14.9%              10%          Slovakia 5.8 %
                                                      Czech Republic 6.4 %

 Benchmark: continuous progress since 2000
 However, faster progress needed to reach benchmark
 Best performing countries: Poland, Czech Republic,
                                     Five benchmarks as core of analysis

                                              Progress in the 5 benchmarks (EU average)
                                                            MST graduates

                                                                                                       progress required
                                                                               Lifelong learning participation
2010 benchmarks = 100



                                                                               Early school leavers


                        10                                                     Upper secondary completion

                                                            Low achievers in reading

                              2000     2001   2002   2003      2004     2005       2006     2007      2008       2009      2010
                            Five EU benchmarks
Benchmark            EU 25       EU 25        Benchmark   USA               Japan
                     2000        2005         2010

Early school         17.3        14.9         10          12                < 10
leavers, (%)*                                             (2004)

MST graduates        650 000     755 000      750 000     431 000           230 000
                                 (2003)+16%   (+15%)      +17%              -3%

Youth education      76.3        77.3         85          86                92
Attainment (18-24)                                        (2004)            (2000)
(upp.sec) %

Low achieving        19.4        19.8         -20%        19.4              19.0
15 year olds,                    (2003)       (15.5)      (2003)            (2003)
reading, %

Participation in     7.9         10.8         12.5        ?                 ?
LLL, % of adults*                                         (higher than in

* Change in series
Council Conclusions (May 2005)
Priority areas for the development
of new indicators

         1. Foreign Languages skills
         2. Learning-to-learn skills
         3. Social inclusion and active citizenship
         4. ICT
         5. Adult education / Adult Skills
         6. Teachers and trainers
         As well as:
         7. Mobility
         8. Investment efficiency
         9. Vocational education and training
        Educational indicators for
Input    (investment, participation in pre-
         primary, investment…)
Process  (hours of teaching, curricula, tests..)
Output   (Graduates, skills, LLL
Outcomes (active citizenship, employment,
         income, integration…
       Active Citizenship

Participation in civil society,
community and/or political life
characterized by mutual respect
and non-violence and in
accordance with human rights and
CRELL project
Active citizenship for Democracy
(Partnership with the Council of Europe)

  1) In order to have well being in society and to
     ensure within this a democratic culture it is
     necessary to have active citizens
  2) To prepare young people for active citizens we
     need to develop effective education and
     training for active citizenship, ensuring that
     school leavers have the necessary knowledge,
     skills, competencies and attitudes
Examples of educational indicators
   for a wellbeing framework
Adult skills (proxy: attainment levels
              of adult population)
Learning to learn skills (Crell)
Civics (Crell)
Lifelong Learning participation
Educational equity (composite
   Present education indicators
International Student assessment
Tertiary attainment
Expenditures in tertiary education
Public and private education

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