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					                                                                        Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness (STaR) Chart1                                                                                                MA DOE ETAC

          Key Areas                                                                              TEACHING AND LEARNING
                                         (A)                                 (B)                                 (C)                                (D)                                       (E)                                           (F)

Focus Areas / Levels of      Impact of Technology on
                                                                 Patterns of Teacher Use         Design of Instructional Setting           Curriculum Areas                    Patterns of Student Use                          Content of Training
Progress                          Teacher Role

Early Tech                Mostly teacher-centered            85% of teachers use technology Mostly computer labs or                 Limited to teaching technology       85% of students are developing                Technology skills (email, word
                          lectures. Minimal student use of   as a productivity tool (e.g. e-  libraries; scheduled use only.        skills at different grade levels.    skills to meet Massachusetts                  processing, internet browser
                          technology in instruction.         mail, grades) and/or as a                                                                                   Standards 1 and 2.                            use, etc.) for teachers'
                                                             classroom supplement (e.g. drill                                                                                                                          professional use.
                                                             and practice).

Developing Tech           Mostly teacher directed learning. 85% of teachers explore using  Labs, libraries, many                    Use of technology is minimal in      85% of students show                          Training encompasses more
                          Students use technology to work technology to support curriculum classrooms; flexible scheduling.         a few curricular areas across        proficiency in Massachusetts                  complex professional uses
                          on individual projects            goals (e.g. research, lesson                                            grade levels.                        Standards 1 and 2 and are                     (district applications such as
                                                            planning)                                                                                                    developing skills in Standard 3.              attendance and report cards,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       scanners, cameras) and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       curriculum integration strategies.

Proficient Tech           Mostly teacher facilitated         85% of teachers use technology      Lab, libraries, all classrooms,    Integrated into most Framework       85% of students show                          Training directly ties technology
                          learning. Students use             for research, lesson planning,      and portable technology (e.g.      curricular areas and activities at   proficiency in all Massachusetts              to its use in content areas and
                          technology for cooperative         multimedia and graphical            wireless laptops or handheld       all grade levels.                    Technology Standards.                         how to effectively manage it in
                          projects in their own classroom.   presentations and simulations,      electronic devices); flexible                                                                                         the classroom.
                                                             and share technology uses with      scheduling.

Advanced Tech             Mostly student-centered            85% of teachers integrate           Seamlessly integrated            Integral to all curricular areas at    All students show proficiency in              Training focuses on modeling,
                          learning, teacher as               evolving technologies that          throughout classes and all       all grade levels.                      all Massachusetts Technology                  mentoring and adopting new
                          mentor/facilitator. Students use   transform the teaching process      content areas. Technology is                                            Standards.                                    technologies as well as the
                          technology to communicate and      by allowing for greater levels of   available anytime both in school                                                                                      integration of Universal Design
                          collaborate outside the            access, interest, inquiry,          and within the community.                                                                                             and access considerations for
                          classroom.                         analysis, collaboration,                                                                                                                                  all students.
                                                             creativity, and content

                                                                                                                                                                              Adapted from the Texas STaR Chart (School Technology and Readiness Chart)
                                                                   Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness (STaR) Chart1                                                                                            MA DOE ETAC

          Key Areas                                                       EDUCATOR PREPARATION AND DEVELOPMENT
                                       (G)                             (H)                                 (I)                             (J)                               (K)                                               (L)
                                                                                                                                                                Universal Access: Integration                         Vision and Planning
                                                        Leadership and Capabilities of                                                                            of Universal Design and
Focus Areas / Levels of                                                                        Models of Professional
                            Capabilities of Educators      Building Principals and                                             Levels of Understanding              Assistive Technology
Progress                                                                                           Development
                                                           District Administrators

Early Tech                10% meet ISTE and/or local    Recognizes benefits of          Whole group, skill based            Most at entry or adoption stage     Emerging awareness of                         Minimal technology plan;
                          district teacher technology   technology in instruction to    training with minimal follow-up.    (Students learning to use           universal design and assistive                technology used mainly for
                          competencies and implement    improve learning outcomes for                                       technology; teachers use            technologies                                  administrative tasks such as
                          them into the school          all students. Minimal personal                                      technology to support traditional   (hardware/software) limited to                word processing, budgeting,
                          environment.                  use (email, word processing,                                        instruction).                       special educators; few examples               attendance, grade book.
                                                        internet browser use, etc.).                                                                            across the district of universal
                                                        Awareness of national standards                                                                         design strategies or assistive
                                                        for administrators.                                                                                     technology used to promote
                                                                                                                                                                access to the general curriculum.

Developing Tech           30% meet ISTE and/or local    Supports use of technology in       Whole group curriculum-based    Most at adaptation stage            Awareness of universal design                 The technology plan is aligned
                          district teacher technology   instruction. Uses technology in     training with follow-up to      (technology used to enrich          and assistive technologies                    with Massachusetts Technology
                          competencies and implement    daily work. Approaching             facilitate classroom            curriculum). Most beginning to      (hardware/software) by special                Plan, approved by the School
                          them into the school          proficiency of national standards   implementation.                 use with students.                  educators & some general                      Committee & supported by the
                          environment.                  for administrators.                                                                                     educators; universal design                   Superintendent. Plan
                                                                                                                                                                strategies or assistive                       collaboratively developed by key
                                                                                                                                                                technology used to promote                    stakeholders (e.g., teachers,
                                                                                                                                                                access to the general curriculum              parents, community members,
                                                                                                                                                                demonstrated across all grade                 local business & individuals
                                                                                                                                                                levels.                                       w/disabilities), guiding policy &
                                                                                                                                                                                                              practice. Addresses local district
                                                                                                                                                                                                              teaching & learning standards.

Proficient Tech           60% meet ISTE and/or local    Recognizes and identifies           Coaching, modeling best         Most at appropriation stage         Awareness of universal design                 The technology plan aligns with
                          district teacher technology   exemplary use of technology in      practices, district-based       (technology is integrated, used     and assistive technologies                    Massachusetts Technology
                          competencies and implement    instruction. Uses technology        mentoring. Involvement in a     for its unique capabilities).       (hardware/software) by special                Plan; integrated into district
                          them into the school          skills in daily work such as        development / improvement                                           educators & most general                      plan; used for internal planning,
                          environment.                  research and communication          process. Study groups.                                              educators; universal design                   budgeting, applying for external
                                                        and models appropriately with                                                                           strategies or assistive                       funding and discounts. Teachers
                                                        staff. Provides constructive                                                                            technology used to promote                    / administrators have a vision for
                                                        feedback to teachers on their                                                                           access to the general curriculum              technology use in support of
                                                        technology use.                                                                                         demonstrated across all grade                 student learning, teacher
                                                                                                                                                                levels; staff are designated to               professionalism, and data
                                                                                                                                                                provide AT assessment,                        management.
                                                                                                                                                                procurement, support (training)
                                                                                                                                                                and maintenance

Advanced Tech             90% meet ISTE and/or local    Promotes exemplary use of           Creates a culture of inquiry,   Most at invention stage             Systemic adoption of universal                The technology plan & vision are
                          district teacher technology   technology in instruction. Models   sharing and knowledge building. (teachers discover and accept       design curriculum development                 focused on improving the
                          competencies and implement    and uses in daily work in           Anytime learning available      new uses for technology).           strategies and the seamless                   success of all students based on
                          them into the school          communication, presentations,       through a variety of delivery                                       integration of assistive                      needs, research, proven
                          environment.                  on-line collaborative projects,     systems (e.g. Just in time                                          technology to promote access to               teaching and learning principles
                                                        and management tasks.               support, mentoring, peer                                            the general curriculum for all                and is actively supported by the
                                                        Develops a school culture that      observation).                                                       students; staff are designated to             School Committee and
                                                        expects all teachers to use                                                                             provide AT assessment,                        Superintendent. Technology
                                                        technology. Advocates in the                                                                            procurement, support (training),              plan is collaboratively
                                                        community for the integration of                                                                        and maintenance.                              developed, guiding policy &
                                                        technology in instruction.                                                                                                                            practice; updated at least
                                                        Expects all teachers to use                                                                                                                           annually.
                                                        technology well.

                                                                                                                                                                     Adapted from the Texas STaR Chart (School Technology and Readiness Chart)
                                                                          Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness (STaR) Chart1                                                                                             MA DOE ETAC

          Key Areas                                                                            ADMINISTRATION AND SUPPORT SERVICES
                                       (M)                                  (N)                                 (O)                               (P)                                (Q)                                                   (R)
                          Technical Support (hardware,             Technology Integration                   Budget Levels                 Budget Allocated for             Universal Design and
                           operating system, network)                    Specialist                                                     Technology (Total Cost of         Accessible Technology
Focus Areas / Levels of                                                                                                                                                                                                   Students Per Instructional
                                                                                                                                              Ownership)                Considerations (e.g. Section
Progress                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Computer

Early Tech                Technical support call-in;           No district level Technology        Budget for hardware and            Less than $175 per student.      Considerations for universal                   10 or more students per Type A
                          response time greater than 24        Director. Local instructional       software purchases and                                              design and accessible                          or B computer; no firm computer
                          hours. Problems cause major          technology support is               professional development.                                           technologies are limited to the                replacement policy established
                          disruptions to curriculum            inconsistent.                                                                                           Individual Education Program                   by district.
                          delivery using technology.                                                                                                                   (IEP) process for students with
                                                                                                                                                                       disabilities. Procurement
                                                                                                                                                                       policies for information and
                                                                                                                                                                       instructional technologies do not
                                                                                                                                                                       ensure usability, equivalent
                                                                                                                                                                       access, or interoperability.
Developing Tech           At least one technical staff per     District level Technology           Budget for hardware and            Between $175- $300 per           Considerations for universal                   Less than 10 students per Type
                          350 computers. Same-day              Director. One-half instructional    software purchases (new and        student.                         design and accessible                          A and B computer; replacement
                          technical support for                technology specialist per 60-120    replacement) and professional                                       technologies are established in                policy established; one
                          infrastructure problems by call-     staff.                              development, minimal staffing                                       areas of high student use (e.g.,               computer per teacher.
                          in. Problems sometimes cause                                             support, and some ongoing                                           libraries, computer labs);
                          major disruptions to curriculum                                          costs.                                                              inconsistent implementation of
                          delivery using technology.                                                                                                                   procurement policies for
                          Network Administrator.                                                                                                                       information and instructional
                                                                                                                                                                       technologies that ensure
                                                                                                                                                                       usability, equivalent access, and

Proficient Tech            At least one technical staff per    District level Technology           Budget for purchases,              Between $300 - $425 per student Considerations for universal                    Less than 5 students per Type A
                          200 computers. Same-day in-          Director. Dedicated instructional   professional development,                                          design and accessible                           and B computer; replacement
                          classroom technical support          technology specialist - one half    adequate staffing support, and                                     technologies are established in                 cycle established for 6 years or
                          available. Problems infrequently     person per 30-60 staff.             ongoing costs. Other state,                                        areas of high student use (e.g.,                less; one computer per teacher -
                          cause major disruptions to           Dedicated staff at district level   federal, and local programs                                        libraries, computer labs), some                 possibly a laptop for homework.
                          curriculum delivery using            for data management and             directed to support technology                                     classrooms and administrative                   Most students have access to
                          technology. Network                  assessment.                         funding. Business partnerships,                                    offices; routine implementation                 handheld electronics (e.g.,
                          administrator.                                                           donations, and other local                                         of procurement policies for                     PDA's, graphing calculators,
                                                                                                   funding designated for                                             information and instructional                   Alpha Smarts). Maintains a list
                                                                                                   technology.                                                        technologies that ensure                        of places students can use
                                                                                                                                                                      usability, equivalent access, and               technology outside of school.

Advanced Tech             At least one technical staff per     District Technology Director.       Budget for purchases,              $425 or more per student         Universal design and accessible                One student per Type A and B
                          150 computers for just-in-time       Dedicated instructional             incentives for professional                                         technologies considerations are                computer or other electronic
                          support. Technical support is        technology specialist - one half    development, sufficient staffing                                    established throughout the                     device. Replacement cycle
                          readily available on-site for both   person per 30-60 staff.             support, and ongoing costs.                                         district; procurement policies for             established for 5-6 years or less;
                          infrastructure and application       Dedicated staff at district level   Appropriate budget to support                                       information and instructional                  one computer per teacher -
                          problems. Problems do not            for data management and             district technology plan.                                           technologies that ensure                       possibly a laptop for homework.
                          cause major disruptions to           assessment and to help produce                                                                          usability, equivalent access, and              75% of computers meet
                          curriculum delivery using            integrated curriculum content.                                                                          interoperability in accordance to              Massachusetts A/B standards.
                          technology. Network                                                                                                                          the guidelines established by                  School works with community to
                          administrator.                                                                                                                               Section 508.                                   provide equitable access to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      technology for students and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      community members after
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      school hours.

                                                                                                                                                                             Adapted from the Texas STaR Chart (School Technology and Readiness Chart)
                                                                          Massachusetts School Technology and Readiness (STaR) Chart1                                                                                                  MA DOE ETAC

          Key Areas                                                         INFRASTRUCTURE FOR TECHNOLOGY
                                         (S)                                   (T)                                 (U)                                  (V)                                       (W)

Focus Areas / Levels of          Internet Access
                                                                  E-Learning Environments                      LAN/WAN                         Other Technologies                             Security
Progress                        Connectivity/Speed

Early Tech                Dial-up connectivity to the          Web- and/or satellite-based          Limited print/file sharing network   Shared teacher use of resources Backup and restoration
                          Internet available only on a few     interactive learning opportunities   at each school for lab,              such as telephone, TVs, VCRs, procedures and virus protection
                          computers. District wide             delivered synchronously, or          administration, and some             DVDs, and classroom sets of     to guard individual computers.
                          acceptable use policy in place.      asynchronously, on a scheduled       classrooms. Some shared              programmable calculators.
                                                               or unscheduled basis, primarily      resources and providing some
                                                               for professional development on      secure storage space.
                                                               a limited basis

Developing Tech           Direct connectivity to the           Expanded web- and/or satellite-      Most rooms connected to              Shared use of resources such        Basic firewall protection and
                          Internet available at each school    based interactive learning           Internet via LAN/WAN and             as telephone, TVs, VCRs,            diligent upgrading of network
                          and in most rooms. Adequate          opportunities with the possible      wireless connectivity where          DVDs, classroom sets of             vulnerabilities added to protect
                          bandwidth to the school to avoid     addition of asynchronous video       possible at each school with         programmable calculators,           against external threats.
                          most delays.                         streaming or synchronous             student access. Minimum              digital cameras, and scanners.
                                                               videoconferencing. The addition      10/100 mb Cat 5 hubbed               Computer/Video projectors
                                                               of courses for professional          network. Basic servers for           available.
                                                               development for teachers and         sharing some resources at each
                                                               student courses at the high          school.
                                                               school and college level (K-16)

Proficient Tech           Direct connectivity to the           Development of connections for       All rooms connected to Internet      Dedicated and assigned use of       Adequate server and availability
                          Internet available in all rooms in   improved access to web-based         via LAN/WAN with significant         common technologies such as         protection added to above for
                          all schools. Adequate bandwidth      and/or interactive IP-based          wireless connectivity at each        telephone, TVs and VCRs and         expanded capabilities and to
                          to each classroom over the LAN       video learning on the local,         school with sufficient bandwidth     DVDs. Programmable                  ensure dependable access.
                          (10/100mb) to avoid most             state, regional, national, and       for effective student access.        calculators assigned to each
                          delays. Easy access for              international level (school to       Minimum 10/100 mb Cat 5              student as needed. In each
                          students and teachers including      school, district to district,        switched network. Servers for        school there is shared use of
                          some wireless.                       school/district to state, state to   providing secure storage,            specialized technologies, digital
                                                               state, country to country).          backups, schedule, e-mail, web.      cameras, scanners, handheld
                                                               Applications to include courses,     Students, teachers and parents       electronic devices, and
                                                               cultural projects, virtual field     have easy access to educational      computer/video projectors.
                                                               trips, etc.                          resources from home and
                                                                                                    school (e.g., web portal).

Advanced Tech             Direct connectivity to the           Seamless IP-based                    All rooms connected to Internet      Fully equipped classrooms with      Usage authentication added to
                          Internet available in all rooms in   infrastructure expanded to K-16      via LAN/WAN with significant         computer/video projectors and       above for mobile computer and
                          all schools. Adequate bandwidth      to allow development of high-        wireless connectivity at each        technology that will enhance        home/external access
                          to each classroom over the LAN       quality web- and video-based         school with sufficient bandwidth     student instruction readily         requirements.
                          (10/100mb). Easy access for          content. Content distribution        for effective student access. All    available as above as well as
                          students and teachers including      available for all students and       schools connected to the WAN         using new and emerging
                          most wireless connectivity to        teachers. Archives allow for         (100 mb/gb switched network)         technologies.
                          enable interactive presentations     content review asynchronously        have sufficient servers and
                          and video.                           and sharing/distribution of these    bandwidth for content delivery
                                                               resources.                           through resources such as video
                                                                                                    streaming and conferencing.
                                                                                                    Students, teachers and parents
                                                                                                    have easy access to educational
                                                                                                    resources from home and
                                                                                                    school (e.g., web portal).

                                                                                                                                                                                  Adapted from the Texas STaR Chart (School Technology and Readiness Chart)

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