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					                          Video News Release
                     Global Biodiversity Outlook 3
                    Draft Script 9 - 22nd April, 2010

                          GOVERNMENT VERSION

VIDEO                               TIMECODE AUDIO

Various flora and fauna             10:00:00:00 To mark the International Year
                                                of Biodiversity, this week sees
                                                the United Nations release
                                                “Global Biodiversity Outlook
                                                3”, the most comprehensive
                                                report yet compiled on the
                                                state of life on our planet.


                                                AHMED DJOGHLAF
AHMED DJOGHLAF                                  EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, CBD
SYNC                                00:16       This report is quite unique
                                                because it is not only based on
                                                scientific literature it is also based
                                                on 110 national reports that we
                                                have received so far by
                                                governments … indicating the
                                                status of biodiversity at local,
                                                national and global level.

                                                However the Report makes for
Species and ecosystem degradation   00:35       grim reading. It reveals how
                                                the earth‟s ecosystems and
                                                species are buckling under the
                                                strain of unsustainable
                                                development.

REPORT FRONT COVER ON
                                                Based on data supplied both
SCREEN                              00:46       by the scientific community, as
                                                well as directly from national
                                                governments, the report
                                                reveals that the target agreed
                                                by World Governments at the
                                                2002 World Summit on
                                                Sustainable Development, “to



                                                                                     1
                                            achieve by 2010 a significant
                                            reduction in the current rate of
                                            biodiversity loss” has not been
                                            met.

                                    01:09   Indeed, not a single
                                            government submitting
                                            national reports claim that their
                                            2010 biodiversity target has
                                            been completely met at the
                                            national level.


Species and ecosystem degradation   01:21   In synthesising this evidence
                                            the report states that “The
                                            consequences of current
                                            trends are much worse than
                                            previously thought”
                                            highlighting the impact on the
                                            poor in particular who “stand
                                            to suffer disproportionately
                                            from potentially catastrophic
                                            changes to ecosystems in
                                            coming decades”

                                            Although ultimately “all
                                            societies stand to lose.”

                                            BAN KI-MOON
BAN KI-MOON                                 UNSG
SYNC
                                    01:45   “Our lives depend on biological
                                            diversity. Species and
                                            ecosystems are disappearing at
                                            an unsustainable rate. We
                                            humans are the cause.”


                                            ACHIM STEINER
ACHIM STEINER                               EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, UNEP
SYNC                                01:58   Without biodiversity there would
                                            be no life on planet earth and
                                            biodiversity is dependent on
                                            species, without species we
                                            cannot have the ecosystems that
                                            we have become accustomed to
                                            and also the services and the



                                                                              2
                                         goods that we derive from
                                         ecosystems.


                                 02:14   Most endangered of all ocean
Coral Reefs
                                         ecosystems are the warm water
                                         reef-building corals. Faced by
                                         the double whammy of rising
                                         sea temperatures and ocean
                                         acidification, they are
                                         undergoing the most rapid
                                         deterioration.

Diver examining coral            02:30   “The proportion of reefs with at
                                         least 50% living coral cover
                                         declined from nearly 66% in the
                                         early 1980s to just four per cent
                                         in 2004 – indicating a long-term
                                         shift to a less productive
                                         system.

Fishing boats and fishing nets   02:45   Overexploitation and
                                         destructive fishing practices
                                         are at the heart of the threats
                                         being imposed on the world‟s
                                         ocean food webs.

Fishing nets underwater          02:55   About 80 percent of the world
                                         fish stocks for which
                                         assessment information is
                                         available are fully exploited or
                                         overexploited.

Submarine                        03:05   Over exploitation brings ever
                                         closer the threat of suddenly
                                         reaching a „tipping point‟, a
                                         place of no return, where
                                         habitat degradation and
                                         species loss is irreparable.


Desertification images                   Land based species and
                                         ecosystems fare little better in
                                         the report, it finds “one-quarter
                                         of the world‟s land is becoming
                                         degraded”.



                                                                            3
Deforestation images             03:28   The report shows that although
                                         deforestation has recently
                                         slowed in some countries,
                                         most notably in the Amazon,
                                         forests continue to be lost at a
                                         rapid rate, approximately
                                         130,000 square kilometers per
                                         year. Forests are estimated to
                                         contain more than half the
                                         world's terrestrial animal and
                                         plant species, says the report.

                                         But there has been some
                                         progress too.

TOM LOVEJOY                              TOM LOVEJOY
SYNC                                     THE HEINZ CENTRE
                                         A little known secret is that the
                                 03:52   Amazon has gone from almost no
                                         protection to 57% protection and
                                         while that's not enough it shows
                                         that you can actually make a big
                                         difference. The real issue now is
                                         to bring it all to scale and to really
                                         work it into the economics of the
                                         world.

                                         Of 292 large river systems, two-
River systems, dried up rivers   04:16   thirds have become moderately
                                         or highly fragmented by dams
                                         and reservoirs.

                                         Water quality shows variable
Pollution images                 04:26   trends, with improvements in
                                         some regions being offset by
                                         serious pollution in many
                                         densely-populated areas.

                                         One group of species, tropical
Dead fish                        04:35   freshwater fish, have declined
                                         by 74%.

                                         AHMED DJOGHLAF
AHMED DJOGHLAF                           EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, CBD
SYNC                                     We are part of nature and nature



                                                                              4
                      04:42   cannot exist without human
                              beings and we human beings
                              can’t exist without nature.

                              The population of wild
                              vertebrate species fell by an
Vertebrates           04:49   average of 31% globally
                              between 1970 and 2006, with
                              the decline especially severe in
                              the tropics and in freshwater
                              ecosystems.

                              And of domesticated animals,
Cows and Sheep                “at least one-fifth of livestock
                      05:05   breeds are at risk of extinction,
                              and the true figure may be
                              much higher.”

                              Angela Cropper
Angela Cropper                UNEP
SYNC                  05:14   we do not know when we will
                              come to the point where species
                              loss is irreparable we cannot
                              actually retrieve that species any
                              more. We cannot wait for a
                              catastrophe to galvanise public
                              opinion and public understanding
                              because we don't know enough
                              even about biodiversity we’re
                              learning as we go along and we
                              may well be causing things to go
                              into extinction that could be very
                              vital to our future.


Plants, seed banks    05:42   Although important progress is
                              being made to conserve plant
                              genetic diversity, especially
                              through using seed banks,
                              overall, “genetic diversity is
                              being lost in both natural
Large scale farming
                              ecosystems and in systems of
                              crop and livestock production”.

BOB WATSON            05:57   BOB WATSON
SYNC                          CHIEF SCIENTIFIC ADVISOR,



                                                               5
                              DEFRA
                              Losing biodiversity … is
                              undermining critical ecosystem
                              services, the provisioning of food,
                              clean water, regulating our
                              climate, pollination services,
                              there's the cultural importance of
                              biodiversity and economic value.

Small scale farmers           The release of the Global
                      06:15   Biodiversity Outlook 3 report
                              during the International Year of
                              Biodiversity is a wake up call to
                              the world that we are
                              destroying the natural capital
                              upon which our livelihoods
                              depend.
PAVAN SUKHDEV
SYNC
                              PAVAN SUKHDEV
                      06:28   02.26.16
                              My problem with capitalism as we
                              implement it today is that we
                              make it one-dimensional and
                              that's not going to work because
                              the world is a three-dimensional
                              place. You are dependent on
                              society and community for well-
                              being, you are dependent on
                              nature for well-being and you like
                              your house and your railroad and
                              your car, you can’t just live with a
                              house, a railroad and a car with
                              no clean air, no freshwater, no
                              friends and no family and yet our
                              entire economic thinking is
                              geared towards just maintaining
                              production of goods and services
                              and maintaining one dimension of
                              capitalism. It can’t be right.


                      07:03   The threat to our planets
Industrial sites
                              biodiversity lies in five key
                              driving forces, claims the
                              report.




                                                                 6
Building/construction         07:09   Terrestrial habitats are not only
                                      being lost, they have also
                                      become highly fragmented,
                                      threatening species and
                                      affecting the ability of
                                      ecosystems to deliver
                                      important services to human
                                      communities.
Dead zone and crop spraying
                              07:23   Excessive nitrogen and other
                                      forms of pollution are
                                      poisoning the environment.

Ants then rats                07:28   Invasive species are wiping out
                                      native plants and animals.
Bush meat                     07:34   Over exploitation on both land
                                      and sea are leading to Species
                                      loss.

Cattle in the desert          07:39   The report also identifies that
                                      “climate change is already
                                      impacting on biodiversity and
                                      is projected to become a
                                      progressively more significant
                                      threat to biodiversity in the
                                      coming decades”.


                              07:51   However, the report
                                      emphasises that although the
                                      outlook is bleak, it‟s not too
                                      late to do something about it.

PAUL LEADLEY                  07:58   PAUL LEADLEY
SYNC                                  PROFESSOR, UNIVERSITY OF
                                      PARIS - LEAD AUTHOR GBO 3
                                      mathematical models in our
                                      observations and our experiments
                                      show that we're not necessarily
                                      doomed but it does show that if
                                      we don't do something now we
                                      will be in big trouble.

                              08:12   The report demonstrates that
Repairing peat bogs in UK             actions taken now can make a



                                                                        7
                                      difference for the future, both
                                      for species and for
                                      ecosystems.

People watch a rice farming   08:20   Indeed, maintaining biological
demonstration                         diversity can help reduce the
                                      impact of threats from pests
                                      and even changing climates.

EMILE FRISON                          EMILE FRISON
SYNC                                  DIRECTOR GENERAL,
                                      BIOVERSITY INTERNATIONAL
                              08:28   the insurance factor that diversity
                                      brings, this is what farmers have
                                      been doing traditionally, growing
                                      different crops and varieties of the
                                      crops, so that if you have a very
                                      hot day or floods on a particular
                                      moment in the year you don't lose
                                      everything you don't put all your
                                      eggs in the same basket. So
                                      diversity is becoming even more
                                      important now than it has ever
                                      been in the past.


People gathering food         08:52   The report concludes that
                                      “actions taken over the next
                                      two decades will determine
                                      whether the relatively stable
                                      and benign environmental
                                      conditions on which human
                                      civilization has depended for
                                      the past 10,000 years will
                                      continue beyond this century.
                                      If we fail to use this
                                      opportunity, many ecosystems
                                      on the planet – and our place
                                      within them – will move into
                                      unknown territory.”

                              09:18   Only by establishing and
A bird of prey eating
                                      committing to new global
                                      targets for biodiversity that are
                                      SMART – Strategic,
                                      Measurable, Ambitious,



                                                                        8
                                Realistic and Time Bound will
                                we the world have a roadmap
                                for the next crucial decades.

REPORT FRONT COVER ON   09:32   AHMED DJOGHLAF
SCREEN                          EXECUTIVE SECRETARY, CBD
                                The executive summary of the
                                report will be submitted to the
                                heads of state and Government
                                at the New York Summit on
                                Biodiversity and to the Nagoya
                                Summit on Biodiversity to assist
                                the leaders of the world to shape
                                a 2050 Biodiversity vision and a
                                2020 biodiversity mission with the
                                active participation of all
                                stakeholders for the benefit of the
                                children and of the world




                                THE END

                                Rough Duration 8 to 9 minutes


                                FOR VNR ADD

                                Based on data supplied both
                                by the scientific community, as
                                well as directly from national
                                governments, the report
                                reveals that the target agreed
                                at the 2002 World Summit on
                                Sustainable Development, “to
                                achieve by 2010 a significant
                                reduction in the current rate of
                                biodiversity loss” has not been
                                met.

                                Indeed, not a single



                                                                  9
government claims to have
reached their 2010 biodiversity
target.


The report concludes “If we fail
to use this opportunity, many
ecosystems on the planet –
and our place within them – will
move into unknown territory.”


For regionalised versions add

AFRICA
Henri Djombo (interview in
French)
Minister for Development
(Congo)

02 :21 :16
Conservation’s main enemy is
poverty. Populations are poor and
they need to access natural
resources in order to meet basic
needs. This access to resources
is conducted in different ways :
legally or illegaly according to the
living standards of each person.
You need to combat poverty to
protect the environment.

ASIA
Ashok Khosla
Chairman, Development
Alternatives, Delhi
President, IUCN
(India)
03.27.20
I know of countries that have
done spectacular work in their
own territories on environment
but if you offset it by what they
done elsewhere is it’s not so
great. … We’re going to have to
have an international regime a



                                 10
kind of super international
mechanism if not laws that
prevent countries from exporting
their pollution from exporting their
own environmental problems to
other places. 03.28.10


SOUTH AMERICA
Carlos Nobre
Senior Scientist, Brazilian Space
Research Institute
(Brazil)
(interview in portuguese and
English)
we have transgressed 50 or 60%
of the road to reaching some
critical tipping point particularly in
the eastern and southern Amazon
so perhaps we should not
progress more than where we are
now we should keep
deforestation close to zero.




                                   11

				
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